References of "Lebailly, Philippe"
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See detailConstraints analysis of family agriculture in Kirundo Province Northern of Burundi
Minani, Bonaventure ULg; Rurema, Déo-Guide; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture; University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture; Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari (IAMB) (Eds.) IV International Symposium "Agrosym 2013" : Proceedings (2013)

In Burundi, family agriculture occupies more than 90% of the active population. That sector accounts more than 50% of GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo province was deemed "breadbasket of the ... [more ▼]

In Burundi, family agriculture occupies more than 90% of the active population. That sector accounts more than 50% of GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo province was deemed "breadbasket of the country" because the family farming was market-oriented. Today, this region is the first province in Burundi who accuses a high rate of householders who live in food insecurity. In order to conduct this study, 355 randomly selected farmers were surveyed in all municipalities of the province. This preliminary study revealed that the farmers had as major constraints: the small and land conflicts. The study case had identified 73 farmers among them who had not farmland and/ or land conflicts as constraints of agricultural productivity. Two groups emerged: 42 farmers who were not able to fully exploit their land and another group of 32 farmers with a high agricultural productivity. Results from this study show that the major problems in the first group were: lack of applying soil protection techniques, illiteracy, lack of credit which leads farmers to contract moneylenders, lack of improved seed, etc. Moreover, the main strategy used by the second group to boost their income is the practice of non-agricultural activities which influences whole production system. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of industrialization upon rural – urban relations in Vietnam
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton

Scientific conference (2013)

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See detailEssai de typologie des exploitations agricoles axée sur le financement de la production agricole au Bénin
Sossou, Comlan ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Hinnou, Cossi Léonard

Conference (2013)

La mondialisation et la libéralisation économique qui s’imposent dans les pays du Sud, touchent aujourd’hui largement le secteur agricole et pose la problématique du financement de l’agriculture avec une ... [more ▼]

La mondialisation et la libéralisation économique qui s’imposent dans les pays du Sud, touchent aujourd’hui largement le secteur agricole et pose la problématique du financement de l’agriculture avec une acuité nouvelle. Les agricultures familiales ont besoin de s’intensifier, de se moderniser, de financer l’innovation technique, organisationnelle, etc. Le plus souvent, leur seule capacité d’autofinancement ne suffit pas à financer cette modernisation. Leurs besoins en services financiers portent sur diverses formes de crédit mais varie suivant les catégories d’exploitants agricoles. Le présent article s’est intéressé à analyser la dynamique du financement de la production agricole en lien avec le type d’exploitation agricole. Cet essai de typologie est fait à l’aide d’une méthode statistique basée sur l’analyse multi-variée et spécifiquement une analyse en composantes principales (ACP). Cette analyse a été appliquée à un échantillon de 475 exploitants agricoles. Les résultats montrent que les exploitants agricoles sont diversifiés et sont répartis en quatre types (pauvres et vulnérables, pauvres, riches et plus prospères) qui se distinguent par leur niveau de revenu, leur capacité d’investissement et leur accessibilité aux microcrédits. Les perceptions de l’accès aux crédits et de leur utilisation varient selon les différentes catégories d’exploitants agricoles. Dans tous les cas, il se dégage que les exploitants le plus prospère développement et adoptent des stratégies qui facilitent leur accès aux crédits et ainsi à l’investissement agricole. [less ▲]

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See detailLa filière de la soie sauvage à Madagascar : approche socio-économique appliquée à la région d’Arivonimamo
Coulon, Julien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg et al

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

Madagascar has a long tradition of sericulture based on the use of an endemic moth (Borocera cajani). This insect’s larva, also named landibe by the locals, produces wild silk when cocooning, which can be ... [more ▼]

Madagascar has a long tradition of sericulture based on the use of an endemic moth (Borocera cajani). This insect’s larva, also named landibe by the locals, produces wild silk when cocooning, which can be collected in the tapia forest (Uapaca bojeri), their natural habitat. Technology and know-how related to the production of wild silk is specific to the island. Indeed, the silky products are made by traditional methods due to the limited financial resources of the producers. Technological constraints of the silk spinning require manual floss and weaving on traditional loom. The majority of the Malagasy silk produced is currently distributed nationally in different markets and specialized stores through the country but mainly in Antananarivo. The production volume of silky products is very low. However, these products show outstanding technological, visual and textural properties in comparison with the traditional silk industry in Asia. This socio-economic study is looking at the enhancement of landibe by showing the profitability of the sector during the different stages of production, from the collection of cocoons in the tapia forest to the manufacture of finished silky products. Since several decades, a decrease of the volume of wild silk is observes due to socio-cultural constraints, people change their eating habits and change their farming activities. Environmental constraints have modified the amounts of wild silkworm. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelles perspectives pour le financement des entrepreneurs ruraux au Cameroun : réflexions au départ d'une recherche menée dans le Centre du Cameroun ?
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Ahouissou, Brice Anicet

Conference (2013)

La présente recherche se propose de faire un diagnostic clair du financement de l’entrepreneuriat rural dans le but de proposer aux décideurs et à toutes les personnes intéressées, des solutions ... [more ▼]

La présente recherche se propose de faire un diagnostic clair du financement de l’entrepreneuriat rural dans le but de proposer aux décideurs et à toutes les personnes intéressées, des solutions pertinentes et efficaces en vue d’améliorer la situation d’ensemble. L’intérêt de cette recherche est qu’elle a permis d’identifier les moyens pour un développement durable de l’entrepreneuriat rural, sans lequel il est difficile d’améliorer les conditions de vie des populations rurales, et par conséquent de réduire efficacement la pauvreté. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of social protection programs on economic resilience of poor households in Eastern Province of Rwanda
Militery Ngamata, Olivier ULg; Mbonyinkebe, Deo; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Kovacevic, Dusan (Ed.) Fourth International Scientific Symposium "Agrosym 2013“ : proceedings (2013)

This paper analyses the contribution of three programs of poverty reduction in Rwanda. It uses data from different reports and surveys with beneficiary poor households of social protection programs. The ... [more ▼]

This paper analyses the contribution of three programs of poverty reduction in Rwanda. It uses data from different reports and surveys with beneficiary poor households of social protection programs. The activities developed by these programs have allowed the poor in general and the widows of genocide in the Eastern Province of Rwanda in particular to improve their socioeconomic conditions, notably access to education, accommodation and medical care. Moreover, the beneficiaries have developed activities that diversify households’ revenues and improve their economic resilience. [less ▲]

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See detailThieu Litchi production in Thanh Ha district (Hai Duong province, Vietnam) : producers and extension services strategies
Rouchet, François ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Ton, Vu Dinh

in Dusan Kovacevic, Kovacevic (Ed.) Book of proceedings - Fourth International Scientific Symposium „Agrosym 2013“ (2013)

The Thanh Ha district (Haï Duong province, North-Vietnam) has a long history of traditional Thanh Ha Thieu litchis cultivar production. However, the price paid to the farmers for this traditional ... [more ▼]

The Thanh Ha district (Haï Duong province, North-Vietnam) has a long history of traditional Thanh Ha Thieu litchis cultivar production. However, the price paid to the farmers for this traditional cultivation has been reducing significantly for more than 10 years. In this communication, recent evolution of Thanh Ha Thieu litchis production and strategies established by producers in order to face the fall in price are studied and a diagnosis of the agricultural extension services involved in Thanh Ha Thieu litchi production is drawn up. Primary data were collected in 2012 through personal interviews and focus groups with multiple stakeholders, authorities and extension organisms and a survey of producers' households made with semi-structured questionnaires. Substantial reduction of litchis production participation in total household incomes was revealed. In parallel, Thieu litchis plantations superficies fall down being converted in favor of new fruit species or in favor of other litchis varieties depending on the production area operating a diversification process. Moreover, progressive abandonment of not converted plantations is marked by plantations cares reduction. In the past five years, all agricultural extension sessions about litchis production have been initiated and organized by the authorities at province and district level collaborating with input supply privat companies. Various inefficiency problems are highlighted such as disequilibrium in training session access, relative trainings uselessness or mismatch between producers' training demand and offer. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamics and constraints of livestock production systems in Cam Giang district, Hai Duong Province, North Vietnam
Han Quang, Hanh ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Livestock Research for Rural Development (2013), 25(9),

In Northern Vietnam, the livestock production sector has been strongly encouraged to develop by the government for many years as an important livelihood strategy to alleviate household poverty. Over the ... [more ▼]

In Northern Vietnam, the livestock production sector has been strongly encouraged to develop by the government for many years as an important livelihood strategy to alleviate household poverty. Over the last few decades, it has been developed quickly, but remained unsustainable. This study aims to identify the dynamics of livestock production systems during the economic transformation period and their current constraints as the basic for setting up sustainable development policies. A survey, which is based on participatory and retrospective approaches, was conducted at 38 households in two communes of Hai Duong province in 2010. The results indicated a significant evolution of livestock production systems from a traditional small-scale production system into a specialized intensive one due to the land law and the rice land conversion program in 1990s and the industrialization and urbanization process in 2000s. The intensification of livestock production system, which is accompanied by the increasing dependence on imported inputs and the limited knowledge and skills in adequate techniques and disease management, poses a huge difficulty to producers in developing their livestock production systems. Therefore, the priority of development policies should be given to the promotion of the local resource utilisation as feed for animals and to the improvement of farmers’ ability to manage their production through not only government supports but also participation of social organisations and farmers. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of sensory characteristics of green tea in Thai Nguyen and Phu Tho, Vietnam
Dang, Thi Minh Luyen ULg; Ha, Duyen Tu; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2013)

Green tea is a popular consumption product in Vietnam. Especially, tea which origins from Tan Cuong, Thai Nguyen has been known for long by its better quality than those coming from other regions on the ... [more ▼]

Green tea is a popular consumption product in Vietnam. Especially, tea which origins from Tan Cuong, Thai Nguyen has been known for long by its better quality than those coming from other regions on the country. The study aims at comparing and finding out if the difference between tea in Thai Nguyen and Phu Tho can be figured by sensory tasting. Two products picked from Tan Cuong, Thai Nguyen province and two others from Phu Ho district, Phu Tho are were evaluated by a panel of twelve judges (eleven women and one man) who was set from a group of thirty eight peoples, had completed a general training and sensory tasting on tea. The experiment on dry tea (eleven descriptors) was carried out separately of the experiment on brewed tea (twenty-one descriptors) and brewed leaf (five descriptors). All attributes are made notes on the sensory unstructured intensity scale. Statistic analyses have shown typical differences by region among all of trees groups of attributes: dry leaf (10/11 attributes), liquor (6/21 attributes) and brewed leaf (5/5 attributes). [less ▲]

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See detailObjectivation des zones de plus grande insécurité alimentaire au Niger
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Yamba, Boubacar

Report (2013)

A la demande du Fonds Belge pour la Sécurité Alimentaire, le GRAP 3A a exécuté une étude afin d’objectiver les zones de plus grande insécurité alimentaire au Niger. Entre 2010 et 2012, le GRAP 3A a ... [more ▼]

A la demande du Fonds Belge pour la Sécurité Alimentaire, le GRAP 3A a exécuté une étude afin d’objectiver les zones de plus grande insécurité alimentaire au Niger. Entre 2010 et 2012, le GRAP 3A a collaboré avec le FBSA en vue d’identifier et de caractériser, à l’aide d’un zonage géographique, les départements les plus vulnérables du Niger. Ce diagnostic servira d’outil d’aide à la décision dans le choix des nouvelles zones d’actions du FBSA lors des discussions entre les partenaires belges et nigériens. L’objectif de ce rapport a été réalisé grâce à plusieurs critères identifiés lors des différentes réunions organisées entre le GRAP 3A et le FBSA. Parmi ceux-ci, les nombreux indices composites, illustrant les différentes dimensions de la sécurité alimentaire, structurent le choix des zones de plus grande insécurité alimentaire. Les départements identifiés par les indices seront corroborés par deux critères : les programmes des Partenaires Techniques Financiers (PTF) et les conditions de sécurité. Les programmes des PTF seront représentés à l’aide de trois variables : le nombre de projets théoriques par département, le budget théorique alloué par département, le nombre d’habitant théorique par département par projet. Tandis que les conditions de sécurité sont définies par le Ministère des Affaires Etrangères belges. L’analyse identifie neuf départements répartis dans cinq grappes : grappe 1 (Illéla, Keita, Madaoua), grappe 2 (Mayahi, Tessaoua), grappe 3 (Mirriah), grappe 4 (Dosso, Dogondoutchi), grappe 5 (Guidan Roumdji). Ces cinq grappes de départements sont décrites en fonction des variables contextuelles liées à la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle (démographie, agroécologie,…) et les trois dimensions du concept de sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle (disponibilité, accessibilité et nutrition). En conclusion, chaque grappe présente des problématiques diverses liées à la sécurité alimentaire. Cependant, des grandes tendances peuvent être mis en exergue : la forte croissance démographique ; la dégradation des sols à cause de la pression démographique, la compétition entre l’agriculture et l’élevage, les sols peu fertiles ; les systèmes de production extensifs ; la faiblesse des infrastructures et le faible financement de l’agriculture familiale. L’élevage, principal moteur économique de certains ménages nigériens, présente de forte opportunité surtout dans les deux grappes de la région de Maradi. Les grappes de Tahoua et de Dosso montrent un potentiel d’irrigation non négligeable mais la littérature scientifique a démontré que l’exploitation de ces ressources présente des limites étant donné les possibilités de dégradation des sols et le faible niveau des nappes phréatiques que cela engendrerait. Enfin, la forte population en insécurité alimentaire modérée et sévère de Mirriah pourrait être jugulé en mettant en place un corridor de croissance agricole comme l’exemple de celui du Mozambique mis en place à l’aide d’un partenariat public-privé. De plus, les effets bénéfiques de l’exploitation du pétrole dans la région de Zinder pourraient faciliter le développement économique à travers l’extension des infrastructures de base. En outre, ce corridor pourrait facilement écouler les produits agricoles ou pastoraux sur les marchés urbains de la ville de Zinder et Mirriah. Enfin, l’analyse SWOT par grappe résume et présente les opportunités et faiblesses spécifiques tout en identifiant des axes stratégiques pouvant servir à l’élaboration du programme que le FBSA veut mettre en place. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact de la réforme de la PAC sur le secteur de la viande bovine dans le sud de la Belgique
Terrones Gavira, François ULg; Delille, Nicolas; Burny, Philippe ULg et al

Article for general public (2013)

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See detailProduction and processing of canna vermicelli in Hung Yen Province toward sustainable development
Le, Thi Long Vy ULg; Do Truong, Lam; Vu Dinh, Ton et al

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailL’impact d’un Système Public d’Information sur l’intégration et l’efficacité des marchés : une application du modèle « Parity Bounds » au cas du maïs au Bénin
Kpenavoun Chogou, Sylvain; Adegbidi, Anselme; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(2), 332-343

During the 1990s, agricultural market reforms prevailed within the economic liberalization undertaken in many sub-Saharan countries. In these countries, government intervention in the commodity markets ... [more ▼]

During the 1990s, agricultural market reforms prevailed within the economic liberalization undertaken in many sub-Saharan countries. In these countries, government intervention in the commodity markets through marketing boards or parastatal organizations was abandoned in favor of new market reforms. Public Market Information Systems (PMIS) thus emerged as part of these reforms. Even though great positive impacts were expected from these reforms, little empirical work has been carried out to evaluate their effects. This article investigates how PMIS has affected the market performance of maize, a major staple food crop in Benin. We use a modified version of the Parity Bounds Model (PBM). This method allows the estimation of the rates of spatial market efficiency or integration, but also the estimation of the rates of market arbitrage, autarky, profitable opportunities and the violation of market arbitrage conditions. Results showed that Benin’s agricultural sector suffered from a lack of quality training in how to follow the government-supported market information system implemented in the early 1990s. Subsequently, PMIS did not significantly improve the degree of market integration, although the reforms did induce new marketing opportunities. Results also showed that the impact of PMIS is limited by other market imperfections, such as entry barriers for non-residents or for persons not in local informal trade organizations, and the non-transparent enforcement of formal regulations. This study therefore recommends the implementation of more efficiency-raising policies in order to encourage competition and to allow PMIS to fulfill the expectations of farmers and consumers. Improving food producers and traders’ access to reliable information will allow them to better exploit the market opportunities induced by the reforms. [less ▲]

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See detailThe socio-economic resilience of widow’s survivors of the Genocide against Tutsi in Rwamagana District (Eastern Province of Rwanda)
Militery Ngamata, Olivier ULg; Mbonyinkebe, Deo; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in East African Journal of Science and Technology (2013), 2(2), 124-135

This article examines the fate of widows survivorsi of the genocide against the Tutsi grouped in the Association of Widows who survived the Genocide-Agahozo (AVEGAii). The following questions were ... [more ▼]

This article examines the fate of widows survivorsi of the genocide against the Tutsi grouped in the Association of Widows who survived the Genocide-Agahozo (AVEGAii). The following questions were addressed: eighteen years after the genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, what have become the widows’ victims of genocide? Did they manage to remake life and adapt themselves to adversity which has been imposed to them by the effects of the genocide? In order to respond to these concerns, we used the literature review, direct observation of the achievements of AVEGA members, semi-structured interviews to 60 widows and 10 key informers including local authorities and AVEGA’s Managers. The study found that the main steps to resilience include (i) psychological reconstruction, (ii) survival and representance which refer to the ability to maintain one alive with a mission to become witness and give courage, support and confidence to those who survived and especially the orphans, and (iii) tutorship efforts which promote the socio-economic conditions of widows. Tutors include the Rwandan Government through the Assistance Fund for Genocide Survivors (FARG) and other public initiatives of poverty reduction, AVEGA association and other NGOs through programs such as the schooling of orphans, housing and health as well as the socio-economic activities that generate income. These activities greatly contributed to these widows’ socio-economic conditions and helped them to feel more self-confident. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude de modes de production de charbon de bois sur l'axe Lubumbashi-Kasenga
Nge Okwe, A.; Ngoy Shutcha, M.; Nkulu Mwine Fyama, J. et al

Poster (2013)

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See detailAccess to credit of farm households in Hai Duong Province, Vietnam
Le Thi Minh, Chau ULg; Nguyen Tuan, Son; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailDairy milk production in the North of Vietnam : a case study in Mocchau
Bui, Thi Nga ULg; Tran Huu, Cong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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