References of "Lebailly, Philippe"
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See detailVietnam's fisheries and aquaculture development’s policy: are exports performance targets sustainable?”
Nguyen Thi Khanh Hong, ULg; Phan Thi Thu Hien; Tran Thi Nang Thu et al

Conference (2016)

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See detailFactors Affecting Small Scale Fish Farmers in Accessing Markets: a case study of fish value chain in HaiDuong Province, Vietnam
Nguyen Van Huong, ULg; Tran Huu, Cuong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016)

Traditionally, small farmers sell their crops or/and animals at the farm gate to intermediaries, often at a low price. However, innovations in marketing arrangements can transform market relations in ... [more ▼]

Traditionally, small farmers sell their crops or/and animals at the farm gate to intermediaries, often at a low price. However, innovations in marketing arrangements can transform market relations in favour of smallholders, and producer organizations are well-positioned to take advantage of these new approaches. Factor analysis was applied on twelve components of output markets in Haiduong province. The results show that there are patterns that are observable in terms of access and use of output market by fish farmers. The most commonly used output markets by aquaculture farmers are local fresh output market, the best retail produce markets as well as the wholesale fresh fish markets. The study reveals that farmers tend to sell their fish to the wholesale fresh fish markets. The best retail output markets also provide an important market outlet for produce by aquaculture farmers. Improving road conditions and transport services in the projected regions of aquaculture production as well as rural areas will not only improve accessibility of external markets, but will also improve accessibility of local output markets. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of livelihood capitals on poverty of forest dependent households in upland area: a case study in BacKan province, Vietnam
Nguyen Hai Nui; Nguyen Quoc Chinh; Do Quang Giam et al

Conference (2016)

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See detailGovernance the chicken chain in Vietnam: a case study in Kim Dong District, Hung Yen Province
Tran Huu, Cuong; Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016)

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See detailCooperation-Competition Relationship between Small Traditional Handicraft Enterprises in the Proximity Context: Case Study in the Periphery of Hanoi – Vietnam
Nguyen, Thi Thu Hien ULg; Nguyen Thi Trang Nhung, ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in International Journal of Business and Social Science (2016), 7(8/August 2016), 121-127

Small traditional handicraft enterprises contribute a significantly to develop society, economics, and culture of the local through creating jobs for rural labors, increasing local budget, as well as ... [more ▼]

Small traditional handicraft enterprises contribute a significantly to develop society, economics, and culture of the local through creating jobs for rural labors, increasing local budget, as well as maintaining and developing the traditional cultural values. There are interactionsamong the firms due to near locations. The aim of this paper is to describe characteristics of the cooperation- competition among small traditional handicraft enterprises located adjacent to Hanoi capital city. Moreover, the paper also points out the relationship between cooperation- proximity, and competition-proximity. It finds that the cooperation-competition relationship always exists among the enterprises and in the proximity condition. This paper gives recommendations on the strengthening cooperation between firms and improving local industry based on the cooperation – competition relationships.The methodology of research applied isa qualitative analysis, an exploratory analysis in the grounded theory. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of aquaculture in North Vietnam: influence on the living standards and gender division of family labor
Caulier, Henri; Tran Thi Thap, Hieu; Tran Thi Nang, Thu et al

Poster (2016)

During previous years, along with the overall development of Vietnam, the fisheries sector has made great progress in terms of output and has remained as a very important sector of Vietnam’s economy. The ... [more ▼]

During previous years, along with the overall development of Vietnam, the fisheries sector has made great progress in terms of output and has remained as a very important sector of Vietnam’s economy. The average growth rate of this sector has been 7.9% per year –contributing greatly to the industrialization and modernization of the agriculture and rural sectors of the country. Since 2006, Vietnam has been globally ranked among the top 10 leading exporting countries in fisheries. To cope with these new circumstances, the aquaculture sector must grow while reducing emissions and pollution. Moreover, the value they generate should be distributed fairly, in order to improve the living conditions of producers, while the risks must be shared among all stakeholders. In this context, il will be also appropriate to conduct specific research including gender analysis of aquaculture value chain. The main objective of this paper is to present the main results of a field research conducted in the northern Vietnam and related to a specific fresh water aquaculture production system. This study was conducted to (1) describe and understand the division of family labor in aquaculture and (2) make a diagnose about economic situation of the households in aquaculture. [less ▲]

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See detailRisks and some prevention solution in the chicken raising: a case study in Kim Dong District, Hung Yen Province, Vietnam
Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research (2016), 3(4), 506-510

Chicken raising in Vietnam is still spontaneous, small scale, scattered, backward, low productivity, and especially faces many risks which would reduce the efficiency and profits of the farmers. This ... [more ▼]

Chicken raising in Vietnam is still spontaneous, small scale, scattered, backward, low productivity, and especially faces many risks which would reduce the efficiency and profits of the farmers. This study aims to analyze risks and suggest some prevention solutions in the chicken raising in a case study of the Kim Dong district, Hung Yen province based on the questionnaire survey data of 40 representative chicken raising farmers. The results showed that, the most popular risks of input came from the high feed price (80%), and the easily engaged in diseases breed (72.5%). In the chicken raising period, they got the risks of diseases (90%), 35% had experienced with massive death. There were 80% farmers found difficulty or slow consumption, 70% was at risk of reducing or low output prices, and 65% responded that the market sometimes was distorted by the traders. The study suggests that, farmers need to have a strong cooperative to create a greater power in the negotiation with feed providing companies; select good prestige, ensured quality breed providers; reorganize their production process, regularly vaccinate, carefully monitored for early detection of epidemics, quarantine sick chickens from the flock, treat the diseases completely; update the market information to raise at the suitable production size. Government and local authorities should support them about market information so they can make the most appropriate and beneficial decision about production. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrating Social Aspect into Sustainability Assessment of Bio-Based Industries: Towards a Systemic Approach
Rafiaani, P.; Van Passel, S.; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

in Ban, Marko et al. (Ed.) 11th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems : book of abstracts (2016)

Biobased industries require to be assessed on their positive and negative impacts on sustainable development. However, social factors are usually neglected in the majority of impact assessments of ... [more ▼]

Biobased industries require to be assessed on their positive and negative impacts on sustainable development. However, social factors are usually neglected in the majority of impact assessments of biobased industries: they are mainly focused on environmental performance and (techno)- economic assessments. This review proposes a new systemic approach for assessing and integrating the social dimension into sustainability assessments of biobased industries. First the main methodologies for assessing social impacts in biobased industries are compared. Social Life Cycle Analysis (SLCA) is considered to have promising methodological attributes for biobased industries’ social sustainability assessment, although it is still in its early steps of development. Second, a new systemic framework was developed following the four main iterative steps of an SLCA framework and based on three useful SLCA-based approaches including Product Social Impact Assessment; Prosuite and the UNEP SETAC Guidelines for SLCA of Products. The proposed framework allows incorporating the social impacts into a techno economic assessments (TEA) model through providing both a final social score and separate scores for each indicator category and life cycle phase. The result of this study particularly highlights the importance of considering social issues in biobased industries’design and innovation. Using the proposed systemic approach, industry and policy makers gain a better insight into the full sustainability performance (i.e. including social aspects) of biobased industries. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial Life Cycle Assessment in Bio-Based Industries: Identifying Main Indicators and Impacts
Rafiaani, P.; Van Passel, S.; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

in Ban, Marko et al. (Ed.) 11th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems : book of abstracts (2016)

Assessing social impacts of various products, services and human activities has achieved an increasing interest worldwide. The nature of sustainability of biobased industries from a social point of view ... [more ▼]

Assessing social impacts of various products, services and human activities has achieved an increasing interest worldwide. The nature of sustainability of biobased industries from a social point of view is how and to what extent they are perceived by society, and how various societies take advantages from such activities. However, an important issue is that social factors are not usually easy to be quantitatively analyzed and although the social impacts might be very remarkable, especially at the local scale, they have been not possible to be investigated in the majority of impact evaluations in the past. Despite the existence of many different methodologies towards Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) to address social impacts of various businesses and industries, most of them impartially address social performances of an industry. The aim of this paper is to highlight the main criteria that need to be taken into account in SLCA approaches for identifying the social indicators and impacts of biobased industries that is a timely topic worldwide toward climate change mitigation goals. Accordingly, considering the general approach of SLCA and particularly its inventory analysis phase for impact categories and indicator determinations, the paper provides an overview of the existing guidelines and frameworks for identifying social indicators and impact categories associated with bio-industries. In conclusion, main impact categories and indicators formulated in the existing frameworks applied to biobased industries are demonstrated as a basic set of applicable elements of social dimensions in evaluating bio-industries’ sustainability when conducting SLCAs. The state of the art for this study mainly includes leading journal articles, international reports and conference papers up to and including 2016 on SLCA in biobased industries. According to the reviewed frameworks in this study, quantitative, midpoint and sitespecific data are the main elements taken into account when collecting the data for biobased product social impact assessment. This study also reveals that although SLCA is in its early steps of development and despite in numerous cases, conducting a comprehensive SLCA is not yet feasible, it has been considered to have substantially promising methodological attributes that can help policymakers and other stakeholders to quantify and assess sustainability of bio-industries from the social perspective. Recommendations for further research work concerning SLCA in bio-industries are also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailIntensification of smallholder agriculture in Rwanda: scenarios and challenges towards a sustainable transformation
Musabanganji, Edouard ULg; Karangwa, Antoine; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016)

This paper clarifies the path that Rwanda took in the quest for a modern, intensive, productive and market-oriented agriculture. The facts presented here have been collected by means of documentation that ... [more ▼]

This paper clarifies the path that Rwanda took in the quest for a modern, intensive, productive and market-oriented agriculture. The facts presented here have been collected by means of documentation that led to the review of different publications including published papers and government and development partners’ reports. The paper shows that an adequate policy and institutional environment has been created by various socio-economic, institutional and agriculture-led reforms launched since the early 2000s. The literature review reveals that impressive results have been recorded in regard to smallholder agriculture intensification. In addition, the theoretical model for progressive smallholder agriculture transformation helped to show that most of the smallholders grouped in cooperatives are at the 'semi-commercial smallholders' stage while only a few are at the 'commercial smallholders' and 'advanced farmers' stages. This study also examines various challenges that hamper the sustainable intensification of smallholder agriculture at both institutional, community and smallholder level. It suggests some policy actions to be put forward by the government and other agriculture sector development partners to address those challenges. [less ▲]

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See detailLinkages in the Chicken Chain of Vietnam: A Case Study in Kim Dong District, Hung Yen Province
Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in International Review of Research in Emerging Markets and the Global Economy (2016), 2(3), 864-872

Chicken raising in Kim Dong district, Hung Yen province of Vietnam is currently still in the first stage of development with spontaneous, small-scale, and easily vulnerable. These things lead to the ... [more ▼]

Chicken raising in Kim Dong district, Hung Yen province of Vietnam is currently still in the first stage of development with spontaneous, small-scale, and easily vulnerable. These things lead to the inefficiency in the chain activities, and in the long run, all the chain actors will have less benefit. This study aims to analyze and assess the real situation of linkages in the chicken chain and proposed some recommendations to strengthen the linkages and improve the chicken chain in the Kim Dong district based on the questionnaire survey data of chicken chain actors. The findings showed that the chicken chain in the study site was undeveloped. The chain actors included input suppliers, chicken raising farmers, traders, retailers and some restaurants and supermarkets. Farmers accounted for the most important role. The other actors in the chain play a role of a bridge between producers and consumers. Processing agent did not appear in the chain. The linkages in the chain were simple, informal and loose. The actors were discrete and lack of cooperation. To promote the linkage of the chicken chain, farmers should improve their linkages to improve their strength, their voice and their power. Farmers could establish cooperation groups or cooperatives to support each other. Cooperation among chain actors should be enhanced to form a tight and official chain. Local authorities should support in finding markets, creating a bridge and an environment for chain actors. Extension and educational institutions should support farmers and other actors and stakeholders to improve knowledge of the chain, so they could understand the benefit and form effective chain. [less ▲]

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See detailLinkages in the chicken chain of Vietnam: A case study in Kim Dong district, Hung Yen province
Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Global Business Research Journals (Ed.) Proceedings of the Fourth European Academic Research Conference on Global Business, Economics, Finance and Banking (EAR16Swiss Conference) (2016)

Chicken raising in Kim Dong district, Hung Yen province of Vietnam is currently still in the first stage of development with spontaneous, small-scale, and easily vulnerable. These things lead to the ... [more ▼]

Chicken raising in Kim Dong district, Hung Yen province of Vietnam is currently still in the first stage of development with spontaneous, small-scale, and easily vulnerable. These things lead to the inefficiency in the chain activities, and in the long run, all the chain actors will have less benefit. This study aims to analyze and assess the real situation of linkages in the chicken chain and proposed some recommendations to strengthen the linkages and improve the chicken chain in the Kim Dong district based on the questionaire survey data of chicken chain actors. The findings showed that the chicken chain in the study site was undeveloped. The chain actors included input suppliers, chicken raising farmers, traders, retailers and some restaurants and supermarkets. Farmers accounted for the most important role. The other actors in the chain play a role of a bridge between producers and consumers. Processing agent did not appear in the chain. The linkages in the chain were simple, informal and loose. The actors were discrete and lack of cooperation. To promote the linkage of the chicken chain, farmers should improve their linkages to improve their strength, their voice and their power. Farmers could establish cooperation groups or cooperatives to support each other. Cooperative among chain actors should be enhance to form a tight and official chain. Local authorities should support in finding markets, creating a bridge and an environment for chain actors. Extension and educational institutions should support farmers and other actors and stakeholders to improve knowledge of the chain, so they could understand the benefit and form effective chain. [less ▲]

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See detailFactors contributing to household-resilience capacity to farming risks: Case study of clam farming in Thai Binh province, Vietnam
Ngo Thi Thu Hang, ULg; Tran, Huu Cuong; Nguyen Thi Khanh Hong, ULg et al

Conference (2016)

Despite coastal endowment is a unique opportunity for coastal farmers it may be embedded with some risks. Vietnam was ranked 18th in world risk index in 2015 with the vulnerability index of 50.87 ... [more ▼]

Despite coastal endowment is a unique opportunity for coastal farmers it may be embedded with some risks. Vietnam was ranked 18th in world risk index in 2015 with the vulnerability index of 50.87% (Garschagen, Hagenlocher et al. 2016). In this context, Vietnamese clam farmers have been experiencing increased difficulties. This research focuses on clam production in Thai Binh province which has the largest clam area in northern and northern central coastal Vietnam. The central question of the research was “which factors contributing to farmer’s resilience to clam farming risks”. Results of the research indicated that there are several factors, which altogether explained 66% of variance of resilience among the households, formed three groups including (1) farmer’s ability in gaining experiences from failures and harnessing new opportunities; (2) farmer’s perception toward clam farming risks and its impacts; (3) farmer’s confidence about financial capacity and incomes from diversifying activities which can be used to invest in clam farming. From these research results, several support strategies have been suggested to enhance this capacity of the clam farmers, in order to minimize the losses while maximizing the benefit when people seek for sustainable livelihood. [less ▲]

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See detailRegional integration and agricultural trade development in Rwanda: the case of staple foods sector
Musabanganji, Edouard ULg; Karangwa, Antoine; Azadi, Hossein ULg et al

in Poljoprivreda i Sumarstvo = Agriculture and Forestry (2016), 62(2), 153-162

This paper investigated the impact of regional integration on the agricultural trade development. Using a literature review, the study showed that the results of common agricultural initiatives aiming at ... [more ▼]

This paper investigated the impact of regional integration on the agricultural trade development. Using a literature review, the study showed that the results of common agricultural initiatives aiming at agriculture sector and agricultural trade development have not been convincing due to lack of appropriate mechanisms and institutional actions to operationalize regional agricultural policy and strategy at the national level. The paper also revealed that Rwanda benefited from its accession to EAC, especially in terms of the ease of access to regional markets through the establishment of the Common Market, the Customs Union and the alleviation of some of regional trade barriers for basic foodstuffs and consumer goods. This led to an increased value of its agricultural products exports to neighboring countries. The analysis of the Net Export Index and the Grubel-Lloyd measure for maize, potato and bean revealed that Rwanda is a net importer of maize and a net exporter of potato and bean. For these two staple foods, the results revealed that if Rwanda manages, through policy and institutional actions, to remove or alleviate the bottlenecks that prevent farmers from producing enough for export, it can have a competitive advantage on neighboring countries' markets whose access has been facilitated by its accession to the EAC. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrating social aspects into sustainability assessment of biobased industries: Towards a systemic approach
Rafiaani, Parisa; Van Passel, Steven; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

in Benoit Norris, Catherine; Norris, Gregory (Eds.) 5th International Social LCA Conference Harvard, Cambridge, USA, June 13 - 15, 2016: book of abstracts (2016)

Considering its potential impacts on development, biobased industries require to be assessed according to the positive and negative effects they can bring to the society. Typically, the implications of ... [more ▼]

Considering its potential impacts on development, biobased industries require to be assessed according to the positive and negative effects they can bring to the society. Typically, the implications of biobased industries are considered in terms of economic, environmental and technical indices while social factors are usually neglected in the majority of impact assessments. This is mainly due to the fact that social issues are not easy to be quantitatively analyzed, measured and monitored. Indeed, the following issues need to be addressed: (i) how the social dimension is understood from different stakeholders’ perspective; (ii) how the social pillar can be properly integrated into sustainability evaluation methodologies which are mainly focused on environmental performance and (techno)-economic assessments of biobased industries. This review paper aims to answer these questions firstly through identifying the main social impacts and indicators of the biobased industries at local level in order to find an answer for the second question by analyzing and comparing the current methodologies for assessing social impacts in bioindustries. These methods mainly include Social Impact Assessment (SIA), Socio-economic Impacts Assessment (SEIA) and Social Life Cycle Analysis (SLCA). The latter, although is in its early steps of development, has been considered to have substantially promising methodological attributes for bioindustries’ social sustainability assessment. Although ongoing research tackles the incorporation of the environmental dimension into extended techno-economic assessments, no integration of the social pillar into such assessments has been made. Given that, this review focuses on the social dimension for integrated sustainability assessments of biobased industries to assess the main social impacts resulting from each operation or from the bioenergy sector. The current review focuses on the importance of social sustainability indicators and evaluation techniques. By discussing the methodologies for evaluating social impacts, a systemic methodology for assessing and integrating the social dimension into the sustainability assessments of bioindustries is developed, considering the four main iterative steps of an SLCA framework and three useful SLCA-based approaches including Product Social Impact Assessment; Prosuite and the UNEP SETAC Guidelines for SLCA of Products. It is concluded that the term systemic analysis implies that the whole approach needs the capacity to understand different subsystems and relations between them. Accordingly, the systemic assessment of biobased technologies should simultaneously include technological, economic, social and environmental dimensions. The result of this study identifies social impacts in the bioeconomy and particularly highlight the importance of considering social issues in biobased industries’ design and innovation. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial Life Cycle Assessment in Biobased Industries: Identifying Main Indicators and Impacts
Rafiaani, Parisa; Van Passel, Steven; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

in Benoit Norris, Catherine; Norris, Gregory (Eds.) 5th International Social LCA Conference Harvard, Cambridge, USA, June 13 - 15, 2016: book of abstracts (2016)

Assessing social impacts of various products, services and human activities has achieved an increasing interest worldwide. The nature of sustainability of biobased industries from a social point of view ... [more ▼]

Assessing social impacts of various products, services and human activities has achieved an increasing interest worldwide. The nature of sustainability of biobased industries from a social point of view is how and to what extent they are perceived by society, and how various societies take advantages from such activities. However, an important issue is that social factors are not usually easy to be quantitatively analyzed and although the social impacts might be very remarkable, especially at the local scale, they have been not possible to be investigated in the majority of impact evaluations in the past. Despite the existence of many different methodologies towards Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) to address social impacts of various businesses and industries, most of them impartially address social performances of an industry. The aim of this paper is to highlight the main criteria that need to be taken into account in SLCA approaches for identifying the social indicators and impacts of biobased industries that is a timely topic worldwide toward climate change mitigation goals. Accordingly, considering the general approach of SLCA and particularly its inventory analysis phase for impact categories and indicator determinations, the paper provides an overview of the existing guidelines and frameworks for identifying social indicators and impact categories associated with bio-industries. In conclusion, main impact categories and indicators formulated in the existing frameworks applied to biobased industries are demonstrated as a basic set of applicable elements of social dimensions in evaluating bio-industries’ sustainability when conducting SLCAs. The state of the art for this study mainly includes leading journal articles, international reports and conference papers up to and including 2016 on SLCA in biobased industries. According to the reviewed frameworks in this study, quantitative, midpoint and site-specific data are the main elements taken into account when collecting the data for biobased product social impact assessment. This study also reveals that although SLCA is in its early steps of development and despite in numerous cases, conducting a comprehensive SLCA is not yet feasible, it has been considered to have substantially promising methodological attributes that can help policymakers and other stakeholders to quantify and assess sustainability of bio-industries from the social perspective. Recommendations for further research work concerning SLCA in bio-industries are also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving Human resources for a sustainable Rural development
Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in ARES - Academy for Research and Higher Education / Académie de Recherche et d’Enseignement supérieur (Ed.) Academic partnerships for development with Vietnam (2016)

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See detailTea production between contract and none contract farmers in Phu Tho Province of Vietnam
Le Thi Kim, Oanh ULg; Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences (2016), 3(2), 117-122

Tea is one of key crops which substantially contributes to Vietnam’s annual exports, creates jobs and raises income for farmers. However, tea production farmers are still facing many difficulties such as ... [more ▼]

Tea is one of key crops which substantially contributes to Vietnam’s annual exports, creates jobs and raises income for farmers. However, tea production farmers are still facing many difficulties such as low farm management, disease control, etc. Of which, tea consumption is considered to be the most challenge and the main reasons is the low cooperation between farmers and other stakeholders in the tea value chain. This study aims to look more deeply and find out the linkage and benefit of farmers in the model of cooperation between farmers and tea processing company through contract and none contract tea production in the study site. The results shown that the contract farming in tea production in the study sites was still not tightened and did not reflect clearly its real roles. However, it was gradually reflected it s roles as the fully contract farmers (worker farmers) received the highest productivity, turnover and value added and the most satisfied, the contract farmers (partly contract) achieved not as high benefit but quite satisfied with their results and contract. None contract farmers although received reasonable results recently but they still did not assure the production, they would like to engage in some kinds of cooperation in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailNew challenges for the Vietnamese aquaculture sector
Nguyen Thi Khanh Hong, ULg; Tran Thi Nang Thu; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Nanhua University; Vietnam University of Commerce; Hue College of Economics (Eds.) International Conference "The economy of Vietnam in the integration period: opportunities and challenges: Proceedings (2016)

The supply chain of seafood in Vietnam has not been effectively designed and operated, and has not contributed to the sustainability of the sector. Problems include the protection of resources ... [more ▼]

The supply chain of seafood in Vietnam has not been effectively designed and operated, and has not contributed to the sustainability of the sector. Problems include the protection of resources, limitations in traceability, food safety issues and lack of branding/eco-certification. The objective of this article is first to characterize the recent development of this sector of economic activity. Particular attention will be linked to the importance of aquaculture in the trade balance of Vietnam. The authors also describe the issues that arise in the various constituent links in the aquaculture industry in Vietnam. [less ▲]

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