References of "Lebailly, Philippe"
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See detailDuality of migrant lives: Gendered migration and agricultural production in Red River Delta region, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULg; Ngo Trung, Thanh et al

in Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Ed.) ARES "Gender, migration and rural development" (2015)

This research analyzes the gender dimensions of labor migration and agricultural production among farm households in Red River Delta region of Vietnam. Through surveying 215 households in Bac Ninh ... [more ▼]

This research analyzes the gender dimensions of labor migration and agricultural production among farm households in Red River Delta region of Vietnam. Through surveying 215 households in Bac Ninh province, the paper explores impacts of female and male migration on agricultural production and its implications on rural development. The results show that in comparison to male migration household, the female one tends to focus on agricultural production by taking the opportunities to rent more land (26.3%) and effective use their own allocated land for agricultural production (97.4%). The overall impacts of migration on agricultural production are the aging of farm labor force (49.6 year old in average) and higher female participation in agricultural production. The findings suggest that female migrants have a greater contribution in agriculture production both in term of working time and agricultural capital investment while male migrants enhance household income by accumulating capital outside agriculture. Through the gender lens, this research emphasizes the duality in the nature of migrant lives and the implications of rural labor migration on the fixed categories. [less ▲]

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See detailTerritoires périurbains : développement, enjeux et perspectives dans les pays du Sud. Une introduction générale
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg; Courtejoie, Fabienne ULg; Dawance, Sophie ULg et al

in Bogaert, Jan; Halleux, Jean-Marie (Eds.) Territoires périurbains Développement, enjeux et perspectives dans les pays du Sud (2015)

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See detailSécurité alimentaire à Kinshasa : vers la ruralisation des pratiques alimentaires des ménages urbains
Muteba, Damien; Ntoto, Roger; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Bogaert, Jan; Halleux, Jean-Marie (Eds.) Territoires périurbains Développement, enjeux et perspectives dans les pays du Sud (2015)

Les résultats de cette étude montrent qu’en général, les quantités consommées dans les ménages de Kinshasa ainsi que les apports énergétiques et protéiques sont déficitaires et en baisse. Ces quantités et ... [more ▼]

Les résultats de cette étude montrent qu’en général, les quantités consommées dans les ménages de Kinshasa ainsi que les apports énergétiques et protéiques sont déficitaires et en baisse. Ces quantités et apports sont plus faibles en saison pluvieuse qu’en saison sèche. La situation est alarmante pour les ménages pauvres situés dans la périphérie de la ville. Dans ces ménages, les quantités d’aliments consommées par individu et par jour en saison pluvieuse sont inférieures à 500 g avec des apports énergétiques estimés à 1 130 calories et 50 g de protéines. Il apparait donc que c’est pendant la saison pluvieuse que les ménages, surtout les plus pauvres, déjà en insécurité alimentaire, y tombent davantage. C’est une sorte de période de « vaches maigres » pour ces Kinois. C’est la saison pluvieuse qui est donc la période indiquée et pouvant rendre plus pertinentes les interventions à caractère social ou humanitaire tant du Gouvernement congolais que des autres partenaires. L’analyse qui découle des quantités consommées, des apports énergétiques et protéiques permet de confirmer qu’à Kinshasa, comme dans la quasi-totalité des pays du Tiers-Monde, les modes de consommation sont caractérisés par une forte consommation relative de céréales et/ou de racines et tubercules, complétés parfois par des produits riches en protéines, essentiellement les légumineuses. Il apparait ainsi clairement que les modes de consommation des Kinois s’inspirent des modèles traditionnels ruraux, tant pour les ménages situés dans la partie urbaine de la ville que ceux de la périphérie. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse des contraintes de développement du fruit de la passion au Burundi. Cas de la commune Matongo province Kayanza
Bashangwa Mpozi, Bosco ULg; Ndimanya, Patrice; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Brot, Jean (Ed.) Les Cahiers de l'Association Tiers-Monde n° 30-2015 : XXXes Journées sur le Développement "Ethique, entrepreneuriat et développement" (2015)

Face à une situation de manque de terre et de pression démographique sans aucune amélioration des techniques de production, le choix des cultures à pratiquer permettant de rentabiliser la petite surface ... [more ▼]

Face à une situation de manque de terre et de pression démographique sans aucune amélioration des techniques de production, le choix des cultures à pratiquer permettant de rentabiliser la petite surface agricole disponible devient donc crucial pour les producteurs de Matongo en particulier et du Burundi en général. C'est dans ce contexte que le fruit de la passion est intégré dans les systèmes de production de certains ménages de Matongo dans le but d'améliorer leurs conditions de vie grâce à un supplément de revenu. Vu l'état actuel de la vulnérabilité de l'agriculture et de l'économie dans cette commune, il s'avère important de connaître les contraintes rencontrées par les adoptants du fruit de la passion en tenant compte de l'environnement dans lequel se pratique sa culture. [less ▲]

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See detailÉvolution du rôle des femmes dans les entreprises d’artisanat traditionnel à la périphérie de Hanoi (Vietnam)
Nguyen, Thi Thu Hien ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Ed.) "Gender, migration and rural development" (2015)

La femme vietnamienne a depuis très longtemps assuré un rôle très important dans le développement socio-économique et culturel du Vietnam. Toutefois, en raison d’une forme de paternalisme lié à des ... [more ▼]

La femme vietnamienne a depuis très longtemps assuré un rôle très important dans le développement socio-économique et culturel du Vietnam. Toutefois, en raison d’une forme de paternalisme lié à des aspects sociaux et culturels, les femmes n’ont pas été autorisées à jouer un rôle prépondérant dans les métiers traditionnels des entreprises rurales développées au Vietnam. Aujourd’hui, avec le changement des conditions économiques et sociales, on assiste à une participation accrue des femmes dans les activités autrefois réservées aux hommes comme la production directe, le commerce et même la gestion de l’entreprise. Au travers d’une recherche empirique dans les petites entreprises d’artisanat d’art des communes où se trouvent des villages traditionnels célèbres du Vietnam, on peut observer le changement dans le rôle exercé par les femmes. Cela doit néanmoins encore être accompagné par des politiques convenables capables de réduire l’inégalité du genre dans les activités de métier traditionnel et contribuer ainsi à un développement rural équilibré. [less ▲]

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See detailMigrants in industrial zones - Push and pull factors. A case study in industrial zones in Bac Ninh province, Vietnam
Ngo Trung, Thanh; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Nguyen Thi, Dien

in Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Ed.) ARES "Gender, migration and rural development" (2015)

Since migration was mentioned as a pattern of development, the debates have never ended. In Vietnam, the industrial zone has been developed rapidly for more than 20 years. However, the rate of migrant ... [more ▼]

Since migration was mentioned as a pattern of development, the debates have never ended. In Vietnam, the industrial zone has been developed rapidly for more than 20 years. However, the rate of migrant labor is high. Based on push and pull theory of migration the study is to find the reasons that push or pull rural labors to migrate to industrial zones. By surveying 190 migrants in industrial zone, the study found that the employment in the zones is not stable in the long run. Migration not always driven by poor economic condition of the houhsehold in the areas of origin, it is the way of life of young rural labor and the migrants in the zones seem to be pulled rather than pushed. [less ▲]

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See detailCoffee cooperatives promoting peacebuilding and socio-economic development of farmers in Huye District , Southern Rwanda
Bititi, Gisaro M-Ya; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Mbonyinkebe, Déo

in Kovacevic, Dusan (Ed.) Book of Proceedings Sixth International Scientific Agricultural Symposium "AgroSym 2015" (2015)

Cooperative organisations play an important role in the peacebuilding efforts undertaken in the wake of the Rwanda genocide in1994. The genocide tore apart and destroyed large parts of the country’s socio ... [more ▼]

Cooperative organisations play an important role in the peacebuilding efforts undertaken in the wake of the Rwanda genocide in1994. The genocide tore apart and destroyed large parts of the country’s socio-economic and institutional foundations, its consequences are still evident. Coffee is the main source of income for approximatively 500.000 households. The paper aimed to analyze the impact of coffee cooperatives and the coffee washing stations in the peacebuilding socio-economic changes of coffee farmer’s members in Huye District, Southern Province of Rwanda. A research surveyed selected 70 small coffee farmers from 3 cooperatives to measure socio-economic development of coffee washing stations on the growers. Results reveal that cooperatives increase production and improve the socioeconomic households’ income (86.5%). Jobs are created for women and girls especially during the harvesting and the coffee processing (98.7%). When farmers are working together, a synergy is created among them, by disucussion, exchanging experiences, which avoide discrimination, conflict, division between antagonist ethnic groups Hutu and Tutsi (67.1%). Results reveal that coffee cooperatives promote a spirit of understanding each other and the tolerance between farmers (72.3%). Cooperatives provide loans to the members through the “rotating funds: Ibimina”. They also educate members through vocational trainings by enhancing and empowering farmers especially women and girls (97.1%). This is evidenced by the provision of adequate shelter, the observation of human rights, access to the medical insurance, school fees for children, undertaking entrepreneurial activities, unity and reconciliation between members, participating in the household’s incomes allocation. Cooperatives uses various strategies in peacebuilding such as working together to construct new schools and houses, land inheritance for women, clubs for peacebuilding and visiting each others (74.3%). [less ▲]

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See detailCosts and Added Value in the Marketing of Charcoal in Bujumbura
Sabuhungu, Emery Gaspard ULg; Ndimanya, Patrice; Bogaert, Jan ULg et al

in Global Journal of Emerging Trends in e-Business, Marketing and Consumer Psychology (2015), 1(2), 328-336

This study analysed the costs, the added value and its components in the marketing of charcoal in Bujumbura to identify areas in which interventions could improve efficiency in the charcoal marketing ... [more ▼]

This study analysed the costs, the added value and its components in the marketing of charcoal in Bujumbura to identify areas in which interventions could improve efficiency in the charcoal marketing system. The study surveyed 100 retailers and 30 wholesale traders of charcoal. The information on their business was collected using a standardized questionnaire. The structure of marketing costs shows that transport and rental to civil servants are the main items in which significant efficiency gains could be achieved. Charcoal marketing is a wealth-creating activity as it generates positive added value. Our results suggest that any improvement in transport infrastructure in rural areas will benefit market efficiency. ___________________________________________________________________________ [less ▲]

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See detailCompetiveness and incentive production of cotton sector in Mali
Koné, B.; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Berti, Fabio ULg et al

in Research Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Management (2015), 4(12), 509-517

The Cotton production of has enormous problems originate from external factors (higher fertilizer prices, the producer price fluctuation) and internal factors (internal credit, claims of producers of ... [more ▼]

The Cotton production of has enormous problems originate from external factors (higher fertilizer prices, the producer price fluctuation) and internal factors (internal credit, claims of producers of short period payment of cotton seed to creditors), whose effects influence supply of Malian cotton. This work intervenes during an economic crisis when measures have been taken to increase cotton production in Mali. The objective of this work is to analyze the effects of input subsidies and increase seed cotton prices in relation with the global market of cotton fiber on the performance of the cotton sector in Mali. Surveys were conducted with a sample of 240 farms in four CMDT zones with two villages by area in 2008 /09, 2010/ 11 and 2011 /12, and the data from the CMDT (CMD, 2012) were used to develop a matrix of Policy Analysis. The results of analysis showed an improvement in the level of competitiveness of the cotton sector in Mali, and the level of incentives for the production of seed cotton with a subsidy of 50 % of the normal market price and the price increase of cotton seed with motivating factors. [less ▲]

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See detailPrice transmission mechanism analysis: An application to selected foodstuffs on the main markets of the Southern Rwanda
Musabanganji, Edouard ULg; Karangwa, Antoine; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in East African Journal of Science and Technology (2015), 5(2), 179-200

This study analysed the transmission of the prices of the major foodstuffs on local markets of the Southern Rwanda. It used time series data collected on Huye, Nyanza and Muhanga markets from January 1997 ... [more ▼]

This study analysed the transmission of the prices of the major foodstuffs on local markets of the Southern Rwanda. It used time series data collected on Huye, Nyanza and Muhanga markets from January 1997 to June 2014. The cointegration analysis has been applied to analyse the data and the Error Correction Mechanism was used to integrate, around the long-run, the short-run fluctuations. The obtained results have confirmed the relationship between the variation of the price of bean, the seasonal calendar and the prices of maize flour and potato on the markets covered by this study. It is revealed that during the first quarter, the price of beans decreased on the three markets while the third quarter influenced the increase of the price of beans only on the market of Muhanga. A positive influence of white maize flour price on that of beans was noticed on Huye and Muhanga markets in the same period. The previous and the current monthly price of potato is likely to influence the increase of the current monthly price of beans respectively on Huye and Nyanza markets. In light of the findings, the following main recommendations emerge. Policy makers and local authorities should consider the price transmission mechanism and the relationship between foodstuffs' prices in the control of prices of major staple food; a study analysing the mutual influence between these main markets by assessing their level of integration for these important staple foods is suggested. [less ▲]

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See detailScaling up the Benefits of Smallholder Forestry beyond Timber: Success story of Teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) Leaves Marketing in Southern Benin
Aoudji, A.K.N.; Burny, Philippe ULg; Adégbidi, A. et al

in Tropicultura (2015), 33(4), 322-332

The marketing of teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) leaves was studied in southern Benin, in order to seek out opportunities for increased financial returns in smallholder tree growing. A survey was carried out ... [more ▼]

The marketing of teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) leaves was studied in southern Benin, in order to seek out opportunities for increased financial returns in smallholder tree growing. A survey was carried out across the commercialization system. Seventy-six traders were interviewed in nine markets purposely selected, based on their functions in the commercialization system. Respondents provided information on their marketing functions, the costs borne, and their revenues. The marketing system was led by women who controlled the main functions. Three categories of traders were identified, namely collectors-wholesalers-retailers, collectors-retailers, and retailers. The commercialization of teak leaves increases the return from tree growing. Traders' monthly revenue was XOF 4,659-15,927 (USD 9.3-31.9) during the rainy season and XOF 6,621-21,655 (USD 13.2-43.3) during the dry season. As substitute for polyethylene bags in food packaging, teak leaves offer a potential to tackle environmental pollution in southern Benin. The study shows the necessity to consult beneficiaries to ensure the proper selection of tree species in farm forestry programmes. [less ▲]

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See detailAn analysis the value chain of fresh milk in the northern area Vietnam: a case study in Son La Province
Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Tran Huu, Cuong

Book published by Centres d'Etudes du Développement, UCL; Unité d'Economie et Développement rural, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, ULG; Centre for Interdisciplinary Research on Rural Development (CIRRD), Hanoi University of Agriculture (HUA) (2015)

In Vietnam, the consumption of dairy products has increased dramatically in recent years due to rising incomes. To meet this growing demand, and reduce imports, the Vietnamese Government has encouraged ... [more ▼]

In Vietnam, the consumption of dairy products has increased dramatically in recent years due to rising incomes. To meet this growing demand, and reduce imports, the Vietnamese Government has encouraged milk production. In this context, our research is primarily interested in the distribution of value added among the actors within the fresh milk chain observed in the province of Son La. Our study demonstrates that value added within the fresh milk chain was unequally distributed among actors in the chain in the bias orientation to the non-farmers (non-producer). The key feature in the chain was the dairy farmers, but they were also the most vulnerable actors of the chain. Given the balance of power among the actors, the most appropriate method to promote the added value for dairy producers is to help a better control on their production costs by improving the management at the dairy farm. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment in Red River Delta, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULg; Nguyen Thi, Dien; White, Ben et al

Poster (2015)

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See detailCapacity building and services to assist local farmers to improve aquaculture management in Vietnam
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Bui Thi, Nga; Ngo Thi Thu Hang, ULg et al

in Rajamangala University of Technology Isan (Ed.) The 5th International Conference on Sustainable Animal Agriculture for Developing Countries (SAADC 2015) : Abstract Book (2015)

Since 2000, we can observe important changes in traditional production systems of coastal communes in North Vietnam. Faced with relatively low incomes, rice farms converted the surfaces available to them ... [more ▼]

Since 2000, we can observe important changes in traditional production systems of coastal communes in North Vietnam. Faced with relatively low incomes, rice farms converted the surfaces available to them in aquaculture ponds. These are difficult to reverse conversions were carried out by farmers seeking to improve family income in areas of relatively low rice productivity. These changes have had a significant impact on the revenues generated in coastal villages with changes in work organization and the upstream business opportunities for feed plants. This type of family aquaculture has grown rapidly to meet domestic demand but also to export markets. Faced with these voluntary initiatives, the Vietnamese authorities have had difficulties to coach and support these new producers in sustainable development schemes for fresh water or brackish water aquaculture. In addition, climate change could significantly affect these areas particularly exposed to rising sea waters. Moreover, aquaculture producers respond to logic relatively isolated individual entrepreneurs. They deliver their products to many collectors who engage strong competition. This is particularly true at the sub-sectors supplying the domestic market. The Vietnamese marketing system for aquaculture products is generally considered competitive and efficient. It involves different stakeholders (collectors, dealers, wholesalers and processors) that develop often difficult short-term strategies to understand and which do not permit a good traceability of production. At producer level, understanding of market mechanisms is very limited which makes it difficult to decision support for investments and marketing. Meanwhile, producers are exposed to high price volatility. Small producers oriented towards the local market are particularly exposed and vulnerable to this issue and it is important to understand the strategies that can be implemented to ensure against this form of risk. In this context, this paper describes two initiatives conducted in the Northern area of Vietnam to strengthen the sustainability of clam’s farms and supported by researchers from Vietnam National University of Agriculture. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean directive related to chocolate composition is unfair for the African cocoa planters
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Ahouissou, Brice; Namé, M.

in EC Agriculture (2015), 2(4), 384-390

Coming from the cocoa bean, chocolate is one of the most important sectors of the European food industry with sustained growth for many years and creating very high values in the food. Whether the cocoa ... [more ▼]

Coming from the cocoa bean, chocolate is one of the most important sectors of the European food industry with sustained growth for many years and creating very high values in the food. Whether the cocoa bean is largely produced in the African countries (Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, and Cameroon), its derivatives are mainly consumed in industrialized countries. After negotiation at EU level, since 23 June 2000, Directive 2000/36 has repealed Directive of 1973 and allows the use of other veg¬etable fats (CBEs) cheaper than cocoa butter to chocolate making in limit of 5% of the total weight of the finished product, at delight of some multinational companies. Are considered CBEs: illipe, palm oil, sal, shea butter and gurgikogum and mango kernels. But, in fact, it is palm oil, which is the substitute. Fifteen years after having authorized the incorporation of palm oil in chocolate, we remark in European level, the evils of it on health and the environment! A sad commentary and especially since the adoption of the Directive has deprived the African planters (sup¬ply of cocoa beans is 70% of African origin) of a much-needed income to fight against poverty rural area. As firstly, markets have anticipated the decision, prices remained subdued and secondly it redirects a portion of the demand related to the vegetable fats to Asia which focuses supply of palm oil. Once again, Africa appears to be the big loser in this saga led by the lobby of the oilseed industry in Brussels. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Analysis of the Urban Consumption of Charcoal by Household: The Case of the City of Bujumbura in Burundi
Sabuhungu, Emery Gaspard ULg; Ndimanya, Patrice; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in International Review of Research in Emerging Markets and the Global Economy (2015), 1(1), 206-2017

A study of charcoal consumption, involving 240 households, was conducted in three different districts of the city of Bujumbura in Burundi. These districts were selected according the standard of living ... [more ▼]

A study of charcoal consumption, involving 240 households, was conducted in three different districts of the city of Bujumbura in Burundi. These districts were selected according the standard of living for residents and the level of property taxes received by district. The main objective of this study was to show the different aspects of charcoal consumption by households in the city of Bujumbura. Specific requirements to identify were: charcoal consumption patterns, the amount of daily cooking, an analysis of charcoal expenditures, the coefficient of charcoal consumption (kg per person per day), and the relationship between charcoal consumption and socio- economic and demographic parameters. The results indicate that households in Bujumbura fall into three categories according to charcoal consumption patterns: those households that only use charcoal (83%), those that combine charcoal and firewood (5 %) and those that combine charcoal and electricity (12%). These results show that charcoal is the main cooking fuel for households in Bujumbura. Average spending per person per day totalled 299 BIF. A person consumes 0.78 kg of charcoal per day. The following factors influence household expenditure on charcoal: household income, the charcoal price, the household size, the number of cooking sessions per day in the household and the preparation of time consuming foods (such as cassava leaves). Charcoal consumption can lead to deforestation in areas of supply. The dissemination of improved cooking stoves can help alleviate this situation. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppement rural et petite paysannerie en Asie du Sud-Est : Leçons d'expériences au Vietnam et au Cambodge
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Peemans, Jean-Philippe; Vu Dinh, Ton et al

Book published by L'Harmattan (2015)

Le fil conducteur de cet ouvrage repose sur un constat : l’agriculture continue de représenter le moteur essentiel du développement économique et social pour les pays d’Asie de l’Est et du Sud-Est. Elle y ... [more ▼]

Le fil conducteur de cet ouvrage repose sur un constat : l’agriculture continue de représenter le moteur essentiel du développement économique et social pour les pays d’Asie de l’Est et du Sud-Est. Elle y occupe la majorité de la main-d’œuvre et doit à la fois assurer la subsistance de la population rurale, faire face à l’augmentation et à la diversification de la consommation urbaine et contribuer à produire des ressources pour l’exportation. L’approche pluridisciplinaire du développement rural prônée dans le cadre des contributions à cet ouvrage collectif a voulu placer au cœur de ses préoccupations les petites exploitations villageoises se situant tant au niveau de la production que de la transformation et la commercialisation de ces produits, dans le contexte actuel de la libération des marchés. L’un des grands défis est d’y intégrer la dimension de durabilité, sur le plan social et sur le plan environnemental. Les différentes parties de l’ouvrage illustrent cette perspective et partagent ces questionnements. [less ▲]

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See detailAgricultural Land Conversion Drivers in Northeast Iran: Application of Structural Equation Model
Azadi, Hossein ULg; Barati, Ali Akbar; Rafiaani, Parisa et al

in Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy (2015)

Identifying driving forces behind agricultural land conversion (ALC) remains one of the most difficult challenges that agricultural and environmental scientists must continually deal with. The difficulty ... [more ▼]

Identifying driving forces behind agricultural land conversion (ALC) remains one of the most difficult challenges that agricultural and environmental scientists must continually deal with. The difficulty emerges from the fact that in ALC, multiple actions and interactions between different factors (i.e., economic, political, environmental, biophysical, institutional, and cultural) exist and make it difficult to understand the function of the processes behind the changes. The phenomenon of ALC in different countries is varied in terms of intensity, trends and drivers. The main goal of this study was to understand these drivers in Northeast Iran through applying structural equation model (SEM). Using multi-stage stratified random sampling, 101 executive officers participated in the study. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire. A multi-stakeholder analysis and a mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) approach were applied. Results revealed that not only from the policy makers’ perspective but also based on the SEM, "economic", "political", "technological", "social" and "environmental" factors should respectively be the five major drivers of ALC. The results also showed that among other drivers, "more profitability of non-agriculture sectors", "excessive rising of land prices", "farmers’ income instability", "land fragmentation", "urban sprawl" and "inheritance laws" are the main six causes of ALC. Hence, it can be concluded that policy-makers and planners need to take these drivers and subsidiaries more into consideration in order to properly respond to ALC. [less ▲]

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See detailQuel développement agricole pour la RDC ?
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Michel, Baudouin ULg; Ntoto M'Vubu, Alphonse Roger

in Omasombo Tshonda, Jean; Marysse, Stefaan (Eds.) Conjonctures congolaises 2014 : politiques, territoires et ressources naturelles : changements et continuités (2015)

Cette partie d'ouvrage s'intéresse au secteur agricole de la République démocratique du Congo en tant que perspective de développement intéressante susceptible de contribuer au décollage économique et à ... [more ▼]

Cette partie d'ouvrage s'intéresse au secteur agricole de la République démocratique du Congo en tant que perspective de développement intéressante susceptible de contribuer au décollage économique et à la réduction de la pauvreté du pays. [less ▲]

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