References of "Lebailly, Philippe"
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See detailContract Farming as a Determinant of Promoting Tea Marketing Channel for Small Producers in Phu Tho Province
Le Thi Kim, Oanh ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton; Tran Huu, Cuong et al

in Global Business Research Journals (GBRJ) (Ed.) Proceedings of the Doctoral Research Conference in Business Studies & Management Sciences (2016)

Making contracts between farmers and firms (contract farming, for short) plays an important role in establishing access to the agricultural markets for the small producers, especially in the developing ... [more ▼]

Making contracts between farmers and firms (contract farming, for short) plays an important role in establishing access to the agricultural markets for the small producers, especially in the developing and less developed countries. It is argued that contract farming provides farmers with the assured sale of their crops and agro-business firms with a steady supply of agricultural products required by the market. This paper focuses on analyzing benefits of tea producers through signing contract with firms. By using relevant research methods of verifying studying areas, making Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), and surveying farmers, the paper finds that although contract farmers receive lower fresh tea price in compared with the price received by non-contract farmers, they would have higher price stability and are provided with market guarantee mechanism. These benefits are really important in context of globalization and market liberalization with the demand for high quality and high value products. It is highly recommended that small farmers therefore should participate in the coordination model between farmers and firms in the process of tea production and marketing in Phu Tho Province, Vietnam. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of contract farming on black tea value chain: a case study in Phu Tho province, Vietnam
Le Thi Kim, Oanh ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton; Tran Huu, Cuong et al

in Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA); Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference "Agriculture Development in the Context of International Integration: Opportunities and Challenges". December 7-8, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

Black tea product contributes 80% of exported tea in Phu Tho province. Black tea has been being one of the high valued commodities and brought high income for tea producers. However, the black tea ... [more ▼]

Black tea product contributes 80% of exported tea in Phu Tho province. Black tea has been being one of the high valued commodities and brought high income for tea producers. However, the black tea industry has been facing on many difficulties such as low price, perishable cash crop, weak cooperation between stakeholders and low competitiveness. In value chain, contract farming has been viewed as an instrument for improving value chain performance by building the tight integration among actors. Therefore, the study focused on comparing value chains of contract farmers to those of worker farmers and non-contract farmers in order to analyze the influence of contract farming on black tea value chain. The data collection based on semi-structure interviews and 1 1 0 standard questionnaires in Thanh Son and Doan Hung districts. By adopting financial analysis, the paper explored the cost and the benefits of actors and the linkages among the actors of the black tea value chain. The results showed that the value added (VA) was 10.88 million VND/ton of black tea for groups of worker, 10.62 million VND/ton of black tea for contract farmers and 11.40 million VND/ton of black tea for non contract farmers. However, the VA of whole chain of worker farmers and contract farmers (29%) is higher than the non-contract farmers(18%). Therefore, worker farmers and contract farmers chains are more comparative and sustainable than non contract farmers chain. Based on the results, it could indicated that contract farming could promote the black tea value chain in Phu Tho province. [less ▲]

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See detailHousehold risk management strategies for coastal aquaculture risks: the case of clam farming in Thaibinh province, Vietnam
Ngo Thi Thu Hang, ULg; Tran Huu, Cuong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA); Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES CCD) (Eds.) Proceedings "International conference on Agriculture development in the context of international integration: opportunities and challenges". 2016 ICOAD, December 7-8, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

Endowed with 3,260 km of coastal line and 112 estuaries, Vietnam has a high potential for aquaculture development. However, long coastal line is also embedded with natural high risks under climate changes ... [more ▼]

Endowed with 3,260 km of coastal line and 112 estuaries, Vietnam has a high potential for aquaculture development. However, long coastal line is also embedded with natural high risks under climate changes and sea level rise. Vietnam is ranked at the 18th in the 2015 world risk index and the vulnerability index of 50.9%. Relying on coastal resources, aquatic farmers have adopted a number of strategies to cope with aquaculture risks. By using the OECD holistic approach, this research used several tools to identify farmer's performance on clam farming practices and their risk management strategies (RMS) in Thaibinh province (the largest area of the clam production in the north and north central coastal part of Vietnam). RSMs are found of diversification and flexibility among farmers. For production risks, the RSMs are: (1) enlarging clam raising size and (2) actively controlling clam production by experience and technical innovations. For market risks, the RSM is searching for more clam market channels in both input and output market. For financial risks, RSMs are (1) securing family from clam farming loss by diversifying livelihood activities and (2) accessing secure financial sources in term or interest and bond conditions. Although some RSMs had resulted positive impacts but in overall, the clam farming risks have not managed well by those strategies due to the limitation in capacity of households comparing with level of risks. To cope better with different risks in clam sector, besides the adjustment in RSMs of farmers themselves, it is necessary to have the intervention from government (from national to local level) to address the aquaculture risks which the farmers cannot handle by themselves, such as (1) addressing the issue of polluted wastewater to the clam field; and (2) more focusing in supporting farmer in linkages to the both formal financial market and output market. In addition, supports for technical training targeting on improving farmer's skills and knowledge in farming decision making and market information is also of high value to clam farmers in coping with farming risks. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance of the chicken contract farming and its affecting factors in Vietnam: a case study in Hoa Thach Commune, Quoc Oai District, Hanoi
Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA); Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference "Agriculture Development in the Context of International Integration: Opportunities and Challenges". December 7-8, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

This study aims to analyze the performance and its affecting factors in the chicken contract farming in a case study of Hoa Thach commune, Quoc Oai province, Hanoi, based on the questionnaire surveyed ... [more ▼]

This study aims to analyze the performance and its affecting factors in the chicken contract farming in a case study of Hoa Thach commune, Quoc Oai province, Hanoi, based on the questionnaire surveyed data of 40 representative chicken contract farmers in the study site in 2016. The results showed that surveyed household’s head was medium (37 years old), low educational level (80% secondary school), but they had experience (87.5% had more than 3 years of raising), with quite large raising scale (popular 3001 to 5000 heads). Feed cost was too high (87.7% total cost), led farmers to lower performance, and situation of depending on the market. The farm income was rather low, accounted for only 10.4% total revenue. Results also showed that, any decrease in labor cost, improvement in by - products revenue or egg laying rate will lead to the enhancement of chicken raising performance for contract farmers. Therefore, the farmers had better reduced the feed cost, better manage their labor, exploit by- products and improve the egg laying rate to enhance the farm performance. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamics of Agrarian Systems and Land Use Change in North Vietnam
Han Quang, Hanh; Azadi, Hossein; Dogot, Thomas ULg et al

in Land Degradation & Development (2016)

During the period of socio-economic transformation initiated in the late 1980s by the political reform (Doi Moi) in Vietnam, the agrarian systems evolved considerably. In the region around the capital ... [more ▼]

During the period of socio-economic transformation initiated in the late 1980s by the political reform (Doi Moi) in Vietnam, the agrarian systems evolved considerably. In the region around the capital, where the process of industrialization, urbanization, and international integration has been accelerating, a number of questions about the sustainability of those agrarian systems have been raised. By diagnosing and analysing the dynamics of the agricultural systems in Vietnam from 1980 to 2010, this study aims to provide decision-makers with some sectorial and territorial policy options that are able to authorize the sustainable development of agriculture and rural society in the new socio-economic context. By applying a systematic approach, including the historical and adaptive approaches, this study shows how well farmers in the Hai Duong province have adapted to socio-economic and institutional changes, notably by transforming part of their paddy farms into other agricultural land use purposes, such as fish ponds, animal buildings, vegetable fields, and fruit orchards. These rapid changes, however, do not move in a direction that improves the sustainability of agrarian systems. The results revealed that farm holders are now facing many technical and economic contradictions, whereas issues that arise from the land no longer are only related to agricultural purposes. Competition for different functions of land use are now emerging, along with the fragmentation of plots, an imperfect land market, and rising property values ​​are all emerging. The prospect of the sustainability of agricultural systems was also analysed under different scenarios, highlighting the complexity of policy options. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution of land use-change modeling: routes of different schools of knowledge
Azadi, Hossein; Barati, Ali Akbar; Rafiaani, Parisa et al

in Landscape and Ecological Engineering (2016), (12 (December 2016)), 1-14

Although much has been published on land use-change models (LUCMs), no study has comprehensively dealt with the evolution of land use models based on schools of knowledge. The primary objective of this ... [more ▼]

Although much has been published on land use-change models (LUCMs), no study has comprehensively dealt with the evolution of land use models based on schools of knowledge. The primary objective of this paper is an explanation of the progress and growth of LUCMs concerning their main ontological, epistemological, and methodological origins. Five main paradigms, i.e., positivism, post-positivism, constructivism, participatory, and pragmatism approaches, are discussed in order to assess the current orientations of LUCMs. Given the complexities of LUCM components, the study concludes that one paradigm cannot adequately address all methodological aspects. Accordingly, it is necessary to combine quantitative and qualitative paradigms to create mixed-method approaches within a systemic framework. Such systemic approaches could shape the most probable future generations of LUCMs, which would be able to cope with the complexity of various subsystems, including biophysical and socioeconomic ones. [less ▲]

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See detailIntensification of smallholder agriculture in Rwanda: scenarios and challenges towards a sustainable transformation
Musabanganji, Edouard ULg; Karangwa, Antoine; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

E-print/Working paper (2016)

This paper clarifies the path that Rwanda took in the quest for a modern, intensive, productive and market-oriented agriculture. The facts presented here have been collected by means of documentation that ... [more ▼]

This paper clarifies the path that Rwanda took in the quest for a modern, intensive, productive and market-oriented agriculture. The facts presented here have been collected by means of documentation that led to the review of different publications including published papers and government and development partners’ reports. The paper shows that an adequate policy and institutional environment has been created by various socio-economic, institutional and agriculture-led reforms launched since the early 2000s. The literature review reveals that impressive results have been recorded in regard to smallholder agriculture intensification. In addition, the theoretical model for progressive smallholder agriculture transformation helped to show that most of the smallholders grouped in cooperatives are at the 'semi-commercial smallholders' stage while only a few are at the 'commercial smallholders' and 'advanced farmers' stages. This study also examines various challenges that hamper the sustainable intensification of smallholder agriculture at both institutional, community and smallholder level. It suggests some policy actions to be put forward by the government and other agriculture sector development partners to address those challenges. [less ▲]

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See detailAgricultural production in the context of industrialization and food security in Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULg; Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in AGROFOR International Journal (2016), 1(1),

Since 1990s the bloom of industrialization and urbanization brings the changes of social and economic issue of Vietnam rural areas. During this process, rural households have reduced agricultural land for ... [more ▼]

Since 1990s the bloom of industrialization and urbanization brings the changes of social and economic issue of Vietnam rural areas. During this process, rural households have reduced agricultural land for cultivating. From the status of food producers now they become food consumers. Through surveying 215 households in Bac Ninh province, the study shows that that industrialization and land conversion process affected household food security in several aspects: the lost of agricultural land and surplus agricultural production decrease; unguaranteed decent work for peasants and high living cost; the decline of living quality and food safety. Food consumption of the family has shifted from self-reliance to the way that more depend on market which increases food expense propotion on household budget. However, spending more on food does not mean satisfied since the suspiciousness of food quality. Household food security becomes more vulnerable, especially for households that have limited access to land and incapability of finding stable jobs. One of the strategies of rural households is diversify their livelihoods, accepted multi-spacial household model. And when income from non-farm jobs could relatively supply enough their need of cash, they would rather consume high quality food than grow and sell high yielding variable. Rural households move back to the local traditional agricultural activities to ensure their own food quality. [less ▲]

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See detailInsécurité alimentaire et pauvreté des ménages en milieu rural au Niger: cas de la région de Tahoua
Moussa Dit Kalamou, Mahamadou; Yamba, Boubacar; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Algerian Journal of Arid Environment (2016), 6(2), 4-15

This study examines the food insecurity situation and household poverty in Tahoua region (Niger). The investigations concerned 420 households distributed in 20 villages according to a reasoned sampling ... [more ▼]

This study examines the food insecurity situation and household poverty in Tahoua region (Niger). The investigations concerned 420 households distributed in 20 villages according to a reasoned sampling proportional to the demographic weight of 8 departments of the region. Household food insecurity results from inadequate cultivable land. Thus, poverty is mostly linked to poor access to basic social services such as education with 29% of school attendees and 53% of illiterates; Health coverage with 53.09% and rudimentary habitats consisting of hutches, straw huts, half or final materials built. Water infrastructure provides 13.5% of households with drinking water. Consequently, the Niger government must respond to reduce the vulnerability of populations to food insecurity and poverty by mobilizing land reserves, supporting pastoralism and nonagricultural activities, and controlling demography. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse comparative des résultats économiques de la production rizicole dans les pays de la CEPGL
Furaha Mirindi, Germaine ULg; Mastaki, Jean-Luc; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Cet article fait une analyse comparative des résultats économiques de la production rizicole durant la saison B 2014 dans les trois pays de la CEPGL qui sont la République Démocratique du Congo, le Rwanda ... [more ▼]

Cet article fait une analyse comparative des résultats économiques de la production rizicole durant la saison B 2014 dans les trois pays de la CEPGL qui sont la République Démocratique du Congo, le Rwanda et le Burundi. L’approche comparative permet de trouver les explications des différences des résultats en partie dans les politiques mises en oeuvre dans chaque pays. Les enquêtes ont été menées dans la plaine de la Ruzizi partagée entre les trois pays auprès de 240 producteurs du riz choisi à partir de la méthode des quotas sur la base d'une stratification des exploitations rizicoles. Dans le site congolais (où il est plus difficile d’accéder aux intrants et crédits), les coûts de production d’1kg de paddy sont les plus élevés avec une fonction de production y=0,034x+0,053z+0,422 et le rendement le plus bas (2698kgs). Par contre, dans les sites burundais et rwandais où l’Etat intervient dans l’approvisionnement en intrants et particulièrement dans le site rwandais, l’accès aux crédits, les fonctions de production sont respectivement de y=0,024x+0,031z+0,297 et y=0,017x+0,023z+0,269 avec des rendements de 3962kgs et 5339kgs dans le même ordre. Les coûts de production supportés sur un hectare rizicole ou encore pour la production d’une tonne de paddy varient selon le pays car ils dépendent de la valeur des intrants utilisés et des autres charges de structures. Ils varient ainsi de 1139,4USD à 1354,5USD/ ha et de 269 à 422USD/tonne. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelles perspectives pour le financement des entrepreneurs ruraux au Cameroun ? Réflexions au départ d'une recherche menée dans le centre du Cameroun
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Ahouissou, Brice Anicet

in Tchékoté, Hervé; Fouda Moulendé, Thérèse; Tallet, Bernard (Eds.) et al Savoirs et politiques de financement rural en Afrique subsaharienne. Des questionnements à quelques perspectives pour les entrepreneurs ruraux africains (2016)

La recherche de stratégies pertinentes et efficaces pour le financement des micros entreprises rurales reste une question pertinente pour le développement au Cameroun et c’est dans un contexte ... [more ▼]

La recherche de stratégies pertinentes et efficaces pour le financement des micros entreprises rurales reste une question pertinente pour le développement au Cameroun et c’est dans un contexte macroéconomique et politique national favorable que la présente réflexion se donne pour objectif de comprendre les problèmes auxquels les micros entrepreneurs ruraux sont confrontés pour l’accès au financement, dans le but de proposer des solutions adaptées et efficaces pour la levée des contraintes observées. [less ▲]

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See detailAquaculture Land-Use Policy: The Case of Clam Farming in Thaibinh Province, Vietnam
Ngo Thi Thu Hang, ULg; Tran, Huu Cuong; Azadi, Hossein et al

in Sustainability (2016), 8(12), 1251

Policy-making and enforcement remains centralized in Vietnam. Policies have been formulated with less scientific and public justification, thus being largely bureaucratic and infeasible, and in many cases ... [more ▼]

Policy-making and enforcement remains centralized in Vietnam. Policies have been formulated with less scientific and public justification, thus being largely bureaucratic and infeasible, and in many cases, they have created plagues for people at the grass-roots levels. This article focuses on the implementation of policies related to intertidal land-use and supports for clam farming in the Thaibinh province as a case study to explore the impacts of policies on clam farming and farmers. During the period of 2011–2013, provincial policies on intertidal land allocation and technical and financial supports had boosted clam farming development in the province to a surprising extent. Rapid expansion of the clam farming area has created significant consequences for the farming sector, as well as farmer’s lives. However, for the same provincial policies, but with different enforcement, different farming outcomes for clam farmers in the three study communes have resulted. Where farmers had more of a voice and choice in bidding for the intertidal areas they preferred, they faced fewer problems. It is, thus, suggested that a more decentralized policy-making and enforcement are needed, in which more scientific assessment and farmer participation are required to not only make government policy more successful in supporting farmers and achieving their expected outcomes, but also to provide farmers with more room to make their own farming decisions from which farming and marketing risks could be mitigated. [less ▲]

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See detailThe paradoxes of clam farming in Thaibinh Province, Vietnam
Ngo Thi Thu Hang, ULg; Tran Huu Cuong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Poster (2016)

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See detailIrrigated food systems in Maradi, Republic of Niger: a comparison between operating accounts
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Dambo, Sambo; Baboussouna, Awal et al

in Kovacevic, Dusan (Ed.) VII International Scientific Agriculture Symposium “AGROSYM 2016”, Jahorina, October 06-09, 2016 : book of proceedings (2016)

In Niger, most food systems are based on pluvial crops (millet, sorghum and cowpea).However, during the last decade, agricultural policy and technical and financial partners focused on increasing the ... [more ▼]

In Niger, most food systems are based on pluvial crops (millet, sorghum and cowpea).However, during the last decade, agricultural policy and technical and financial partners focused on increasing the productivity of irrigated food products. The region of Maradi, located in the Centre-South of Niger, is an area traditionally dedicated to agriculture. Some parts of this region are particularly adapted for irrigation, especially the Goulbi of Kaba and the Goulbi of Maradi valleys. The goal of this study is to establish the socio-economic situation of the main irrigated food productions, based on the following indicators: (i) the crop management technics used; (ii) the results of the operating account; and (iii) the comparison between the village and the adoption of new technic (farmer field school). This paper is based on direct surveys conducted in three areas of the Maradi’s region: Soumarana (commune of Safo, department of Madarounfa); N’Yelwa (commune of Madarounfa, department of Madarounfa); Madarounfa (commune of Madarounfa, department of Guidan Roumdji). The software used is Minitab and Excel. The results highlighta good perspective for the irrigation system but this food system is conditioned by the petroleum price and some other input (fertilizer and seed). The operating accounts show that irrigation is a non-negligible income source, which increases the resilience of the farmers. [less ▲]

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See detailLand issue around the lands recovered in the region of Tahoua in Niger
Moussa dit Kalamou, Mahamadou; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Yamba, Boubacar

in AGROFOR Journal International (2016), 1(1), 195-201

The present reflection analyzes the situation of farmlands and pastoral lands in the region of Tahoua in Niger in connection with the environmental conditions in a context marked by considerable regional ... [more ▼]

The present reflection analyzes the situation of farmlands and pastoral lands in the region of Tahoua in Niger in connection with the environmental conditions in a context marked by considerable regional demographic growth of 4.6% in 2012. These hinder the efforts of the country in the wrestling against food insecurity. It also analyzes the land stakes in this particular case, the intervention of the programs of recoveries of lands and the strategies developed by actors to guarantee their food security. It results from the synthesis of direct observations and from the inquiries on ground. The investigation realized in 2010 concerned 420 households distributed in twenty selected villages following a reasoned sampling and according to demographic weight of eight (8) departments of the region. The objective is to measure the impact of the land dynamics in fighting against the food insecurity and poverty of women in the region of Tahoua. It emerges from this study that 3% of the households without land; in spite of the average of nine (9) individuals by households, or approximately 2.62 hectares by field. The surfaces of fields vary from 0.11 to 17 hectares. Fields are located on trays, in the slum and at the level of dunes in agricultural zone. We attend an emergence of fields beyond the north end of the cultures. Most of the forest lands were transformed into areas of pasture, then into fields of culture after the development interventions. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance et circuit de commercialisation des principaux produits des cuvettes oasiennes du département de Gouré (Niger)
Malam Boukar, Awa Krou; Tidjani, A. Didier; Yamba, Boubacar et al

in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences (2016), 10(5), 2802-2214

The oasis basins of Gouré stand for food production and income generating sources for the local populations. The objective of this study is to show the economic effectiveness of the main agricultural ... [more ▼]

The oasis basins of Gouré stand for food production and income generating sources for the local populations. The objective of this study is to show the economic effectiveness of the main agricultural basins products and the platforms for business transactions. Therefore, two important complementary methodological approaches have been considered. The first helps in identifying the main agricultural products from basins through “test of Kendal” and the second allows the calculation of the economic profitability of the products through some indicators for measuring their performance. The investigations had realized in January 2015 among 105 producers. The analysis of results were recorded which revealed that all the agricultural products are generating some profit. However, the profit earning capacity is more important for short cycle products like cabbage (75%) and onions (69%). Basins products are more likely sold (73%) than being used for self-consumption (27%) and local markets remain the major business centers. These findings show that despite the opportunity offered by these oasis basins, challenges remain. [less ▲]

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See detailAgricultural Land Conversion Drivers in Northeast Iran: Application of Structural Equation Model
Azadi, Hossein ULg; Barati, Ali Akbar; Rafiaani, Parisa et al

in Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy (2016), 9(4), 591609

Identifying driving forces behind agricultural land conversion (ALC) remains one of the most difficult challenges that agricultural and environmental scientists must continually deal with. The difficulty ... [more ▼]

Identifying driving forces behind agricultural land conversion (ALC) remains one of the most difficult challenges that agricultural and environmental scientists must continually deal with. The difficulty emerges from the fact that in ALC, multiple actions and interactions between different factors (i.e., economic, political, environmental, biophysical, institutional, and cultural) exist and make it difficult to understand the function of the processes behind the changes. The phenomenon of ALC in different countries is varied in terms of intensity, trends and drivers. The main goal of this study was to understand these drivers in Northeast Iran through applying structural equation model (SEM). Using multi-stage stratified random sampling, 101 executive officers participated in the study. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire. A multi-stakeholder analysis and a mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) approach were applied. Results revealed that not only from the policy makers’ perspective but also based on the SEM, “economic”, “political”, “technological”, “social” and “environmental” factors should respectively be the five major drivers of ALC. The results also showed that among other drivers, “more profitability of non-agriculture sectors”, “excessive rising of land prices”, “farmers’ income instability”, “land fragmentation”, “urban sprawl” and “inheritance laws” are the main six causes of ALC. Hence, it can be concluded that policy-makers and planners need to take these drivers and subsidiaries more into consideration in order to properly respond to ALC. [less ▲]

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