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See detailCost monitoring to promote the value added for clam raising farmers in the Northern area of Vietnam
Bui Thi, Nga; Tran Thu, Hoai; Tran Huu, Cuong et al

Conference (2014, September 02)

Clam farming in coastal provinces of Vietnam has notably developed since the last decade. It generated high income, improve socio-economic development for many local communities. However, many clam ... [more ▼]

Clam farming in coastal provinces of Vietnam has notably developed since the last decade. It generated high income, improve socio-economic development for many local communities. However, many clam raising farms are facing difficulties of farm management, disease control, markets and systems of quality control. This research aims to study about the real situation of cost monitoring in the clam raising farms in the Northern area of Vietnam and suggest some recommendation for apply a suitable model for cost monitoring to promote the value added for farmers. The paper based on the semi-structure, standard questionnaires and PRA method to collect data from 89 clam raising farms in two coastal provinces (Nam Dinh and Thai Binh) in the Northern area of Vietnam in 2014. The findings show that clam raising provides farmers a chance of getting high income parallel with high risk. There were 32.15% surveyed farms got profit, 32.14% of them met the breakeven and 35.71% was lost. The study finds out four key factors affecting farms’ economic performance and efficiency. The first is capacity of farm cost control as the cost for clam raising was very high at 8,142 to 9,190 USD per ha. The second is the farmers’ experience, skill, technique and ability of risk control. The third is low, unstable market price and unsuitable market channel with the dominant of the traders. Final factors is the area and location of clam raising. Despite of these difficulties, 55.14% surveyed farms still want to expand their production, 25% of them will continue, and only 17.86% will stop or change to other activities. In order to promote the value added for clam raising farmers, cost control should be paid more attention, improvement of the farmers’ capacity is necessary, and market should be regarded. [less ▲]

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See detailProblématique foncière chez les exploitants agricoles de la Province de Kirundo au nord du Burundi
Minani, Bonaventure; Rurema, Déo-Guide; Burny, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2014, August 30)

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See detailAmélioration des moyens d'existence durables. Une voie pour la durabilité des exploitations agricoles familiales de coton au Bénin
Assogba, Claude Gervais; Tossou, C. R.; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2014, August 30)

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See detailAspects économiques de la filière du vermicelle de tolomane au Vietnam
Le Thi Long, Vy; Vu Dinh, Ton; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2014, August 30)

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See detailTurning land to livelihood : what are the socio-economic and institutional determinations of local land use in Red River Delta region ?
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton

Conference (2014, June 24)

This research analyzes the determinations of household land use strategy in the context of the rapid rural changes due to the industrialization and urbanization in Vietnam. The mechanism that turns land ... [more ▼]

This research analyzes the determinations of household land use strategy in the context of the rapid rural changes due to the industrialization and urbanization in Vietnam. The mechanism that turns land to livelihood from both productive and non-productive processes is investigated to understand the different land use strategies of smallholders in Red River Delta region. Based on the presence of migrating members, the total selected 191 households in Hai Duong province were divided into 3 different groups to do the surveys. The research results show that local land use strategies are various in which 79.06% of surveyed households maintain the allocated land for agricultural production while 65.97% of households leave land idly at least once a year. The factors from productive process such as small landholding, high production cost and overall downward income from agricultural production meantime the greater opportunities from non-farm jobs are the main socio-economical determinations of agricultural land abandonment or less effective use. The security questions of shifting livelihood between farming and non – farming sectors, the inter-household arrangements, the social supports and the institutional constraints are non-productive elements that make the exchange and other forms of commercializing agricultural land are less prominent. The complexity of household land use strategy and its determinations not only reflects the dynamism and flexibility of peasant’s livelihood adaptation but also explain why the land concentration does not proceed faster in Red River Delta region of Vietnam. [less ▲]

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See detailSécurité alimentaire à Kinshasa. Analyse comparative des modes de consommation alimentaire des ménages selon les saisons
Muteba Kalala, Damien; Ntoto, Roger; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2014, May)

Les résultats de l’étude montre qu’en général, les quantités consommées dans les ménages de Kinshasa ainsi que les apports énergétiques et protéiques sont déficitaires et en baisse. Ces quantités et ... [more ▼]

Les résultats de l’étude montre qu’en général, les quantités consommées dans les ménages de Kinshasa ainsi que les apports énergétiques et protéiques sont déficitaires et en baisse. Ces quantités et apports sont plus faibles en saison pluvieuse qu’en saison sèche. La situation est alarmante pour les ménages pauvres dont les quantités d’aliments consommées/individu/jour en saison pluvieuse sont inférieures à 500g avec les apports énergétiques estimés à 1.130 calories et 50 g de protéines. Il apparait donc que, c’est pendant la saison pluvieuse que les ménages surtout les plus pauvres déjà en insécurité alimentaire, y tombent davantage. C’est une sorte de période des « vaches maigres » pour ces Kinois. C’est la saison pluvieuse qui est donc la période indiquée et pouvant rendre plus pertinentes les interventions à caractère social ou humanitaire tant du Gouvernement Congolais que des autres partenaires. L’analyse qui découle des quantités consommées, des apports énergétiques et protéiques permet de confirmer qu’à Kinshasa, comme dans la quasi-totalité des pays du Tiers-Monde, les modes de consommation sont caractérisés par une forte consommation relative de céréales et/ou de racines et tubercules, complétées parfois par des produits riches en protéines, essentiellement les légumineuses. Il apparait aussi clairement que les modes de consommation des Kinois s’inspirent des modèles traditionnels ruraux. [less ▲]

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See detailLand rights as an engine of growth ? An analysis of Cambodian land grabs in the context of development theory
Rudi, Lisa-Marie; Azadi, Hossein ULg; Witlox, Frank et al

in Land Use Policy (2014), (38), 564-572

Forceful evictions have become a serious problem in Cambodia with an increasing number of fami-lies being deprived of their land, homes and livelihoods without compensation. This article analysesCambodian ... [more ▼]

Forceful evictions have become a serious problem in Cambodia with an increasing number of fami-lies being deprived of their land, homes and livelihoods without compensation. This article analysesCambodian land rights in the context of economic development theory. It assesses whether increas-ing economic inequalities, stemming from forceful evictions, can be categorized as an impediment toCambodian economic growth. The Cambodian case illustrates that a lack of good governance due tocorruption leads to the unequal distribution of land which, in turn, causes inequitable economic devel-opment. The paper concludes that Cambodia is trapped in a vicious cycle of inequality, which is upheld byelites who benefit from evictions and land concessions while evictees become trapped in poverty. Giventhat the population is growing angrier, the article warns of potential for a violent revolution that couldhave disastrous consequences for the Cambodian kingdom, a country that recently emerged from yearsof civil conflicts and is still in the process of rebuilding its social fabric. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse économique de la filière sucrière Au Maroc
Redani, Latifa ULg; Doukkali, Rachid; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires (2014), 2(3),

Le présent article traite de l’analyse économique de la filière sucrière au Maroc et ce à travers le calcul de la matrice des analyses des politiques, des Coefficients de Protection Nominale (CPN) et ... [more ▼]

Le présent article traite de l’analyse économique de la filière sucrière au Maroc et ce à travers le calcul de la matrice des analyses des politiques, des Coefficients de Protection Nominale (CPN) et Effective (CPE) et du Coût des Ressources Intérieures (CRI). L'évolution des deux premiers coefficients montre que les différents segments de la filière ne bénéficient pas du même niveau de protection. Si le segment de production de la betterave sucrière ne bénéficie plus d’aucune protection, le sucre brut reste globalement protégé. Ce qui signifie que l’essentiel de la protection du sucre au Maroc se situe au niveau du segment de la transformation. Cependant, le niveau de celle-ci a globalement baissé pendant la période post ajustement structurel. Sur le plan compétitivité, alors que la culture de la betterave sucrière s’avère devenue compétitive, la compétitivité effective du segment industriel, et compte tenu des distorsions importantes sur le marché mondial, est difficile d’évaluer. [less ▲]

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See detailCost monitoring in clam farms in Coastal Nam Dinh Province of Vietnam
Bui Thi, Nga; Tran Huu, Cuong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences (2014), Nov. 2014-Jan 2015, 2(1),

Clam farming is a strength in the agricultural development of the coastal communes in Nam Dinh province, which has developed rapidly in recent years. It has many advantages of no investment on food, low ... [more ▼]

Clam farming is a strength in the agricultural development of the coastal communes in Nam Dinh province, which has developed rapidly in recent years. It has many advantages of no investment on food, low capital in technique management, simple care, short cultured time. It could bring high profits for the farmers, create employment for labor in rural area and contribute significantly to local economy. In addition, the model of clam farming can be easily replicated so clam farming attracts a lot of attention from the coastal fishermen, policy makers and participation of scientists. However, the development of clam farming in this province is still spontaneous, without obvious planning and sustainable development strategies. In addition, market becomes more competitive. Farmers manage their farms base on experiences and depend too much on natural conditions, thus they are facing many risks. This lead to the situation of inefficiency, and affects negatively to the clam farming and environment. This research aims to study about cost monitoring in clam farms and analyze the factors affecting the cost monitoring in clam farms in Nam Dinh province. From which, suggestions to develop effectively clam farming and contribute to raise incomes for farmers were given in the next years in Nam Dinh province. [less ▲]

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See detailA proposal of a vulnerability index in the pastoral food system in the Republic of Niger : case of the Department of Abalak
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Bodé, Sambo; Du Faux, Judith ULg et al

in Agriculture and Forestry (2014), 60(4), 35-42

In the Republic of Niger, livestock is an important economic activity for a large number of Nigerian households. Indeed, the livestock products are the main export products with the agriculture, the ... [more ▼]

In the Republic of Niger, livestock is an important economic activity for a large number of Nigerian households. Indeed, the livestock products are the main export products with the agriculture, the uranium and the oil. In 2013, the primary sector represented 49% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). However, the livestock activities are disrupted because of many droughts, especially the droughts of 1970 and 1980. Besides that, the pastoral vulnerability keeps very important in Niger and the characterization of this vulnerability is not adapted to the pastoral context (Andres L. and Lebailly Ph., 2013c; Yamba B. et al., 2013). This paper attempts to describe the specific factors related to the pastoral vulnerability. This assessment of the pastoral vulnerability has been based upon two livestock systems: sedentary and mobile herds. This evaluation has certain limitations. These limitations can be ascribed to the difficulties in accessing the pastoral areas and in identifying many factors of each pastoral food system. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence des représentations sociales de l’environnement sur l’adoption des pratiques durables de production. Une contribution à partir du système de production de coton biologique au Bénin
Assogba, Sonagnon Claude-Gervais ULg; Tossou, Cocou Rigobert; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Oriental and African Studies (2014), 23

This article is a contribution to the understanding of the factors which ditermine farmers behaviors in the odoption of sustainable practices of organic cotton production in Benin. It is based on a survey ... [more ▼]

This article is a contribution to the understanding of the factors which ditermine farmers behaviors in the odoption of sustainable practices of organic cotton production in Benin. It is based on a survey carried out among organic cotton farmers in Kandi, one of the largest cotton area in North of Benin. The article aims at characterizing farmers’ socials representations of environment for deeper understanding of their influence in the adoption of organic cotton system by farmers. Data were collected among 188 farmers selected from an actors statement typology based on the criteria of endogenous prosperity. Structural approach of socials representations and Chi square statistic were used in data analysis. The results and analyses showed that organic cotton farmers have an anthropocentric and utilitarian vision of their environment which they perceive as a reserve, purvoyer of resources needed for their survival. The adhesion of farmers to organic cotton programme was mainly motivated by economic (40%), environmental (18%) and social (11%) considerations. In addition, il has been demonstrated that the type of behavior adopted by the farmer depended on motivations which underlie his adhesion to the programme of cotton production. Farmers whose adhesion is mainly motivated by environmental considerations respect better the requirements of organic cotton production. [less ▲]

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See detailEssai de synthèse de rôles de l'élevage pastoral au Sahel et en Afrique de l'Ouest
Laouali, Abdoulkadri ULg; Yamba, Boubacar; Chabi Toko, Roukayath ULg et al

in Annales de l'Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey, Série B Lettres et Sciences Humaines (2014), Numéro spécial

Throughout the world, livestock plays an important role in socio-economic life and dietary balance of the population especially in the Sahel and West Africa countries characterized by extensive pastoral ... [more ▼]

Throughout the world, livestock plays an important role in socio-economic life and dietary balance of the population especially in the Sahel and West Africa countries characterized by extensive pastoral farming. Across the literature, this activity appears to be subjected to various controversies including its contribution to the degradation of the environment; greenhouse gas emissions; its low economic performance; etc. This article attempts to state the debate through a literature review showing the importance of pastoral livestock in the economics of the Sahel and West Africa countries as well as in household alimentation and the fight against poverty. Also, it noticed the importance and efficiency of pastoral practice in a precariously natural environment such as the Sahel area [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of sedentary and mobile pastoralism dynamics in the region of Diffa (Niger)
Laouali, Abdoulkadri ULg; Yamba, Boubacar; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Dusan, Kovacevic (Ed.) Book of proceedings - Fifth International Scientific Symposium „Agrosym 2014“ (2014)

This paper builds on the article entitled “Pastoral dynamics in the Region of Diffa: descriptive analysis of livestock capital” published in the Proceedings Agrosym 2013. In view of its agro ecological ... [more ▼]

This paper builds on the article entitled “Pastoral dynamics in the Region of Diffa: descriptive analysis of livestock capital” published in the Proceedings Agrosym 2013. In view of its agro ecological characteristics, Diffa is a largely pastoral region in Niger. Livestock practiced by more than 95% of the population, is the dominant economic activity of local communities. It contributes around 55% of the annual GDP of the Region. To assess and understand the pastoral dynamics in the Region, a survey involving 300 households (150 households with sedentary herds and 150 households with mobile herds) was conducted during the first half of 2012. The paper attempts to capture, from the responses of households surveyed, livestock trends in the Region of Diffa over a period of six years (2007 to 2012). Analysis of results, at least regarding households who provided comprehensive responses, shows reduced livestock over the relevant period with variances according to species. Data cross analysis highlights the occurrence of recurrent fodder deficits, attributable to a series of annual rainfall deficits as well as animal diseases as the main cause of reduced sizes of the herds of households surveyed. [less ▲]

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See detailDescription de l’environnement alimentaire de la province du Sud-Kivu
Vwima Ngezirabona, Stany; Furaha Mirindi, Germaine ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Book published by Editions universitaires européennes (2014)

Situé à l’Est, le Sud-Kivu est l’une des onze provinces de la République Démocratique du Congo qui continue à payer de lourd tribut de l'existence des différentes guerres et rébellions qui ont existé en ... [more ▼]

Situé à l’Est, le Sud-Kivu est l’une des onze provinces de la République Démocratique du Congo qui continue à payer de lourd tribut de l'existence des différentes guerres et rébellions qui ont existé en RDC depuis 1996. Cette situation a été à la base de la paralysie de l'appareil productif. Jadis, grenier de la RDC, la province du Sud-Kivu présente des taux de malnutrition et de pauvreté parmi les plus élevés de toutes les provinces. Ce travail décrit l’environnement alimentaire de la province du Sud-Kivu en analysant les causes possibles d'inaccessibilité de la population aux produits alimentaires. Il a été question d'analyser les différents facteurs structurels et conjoncturels de l’environnement alimentaire de la province du Sud-Kivu qui sont: les facteurs physiques, institutionnels, politiques, sécuritaires, socio-économiques, infrastructures du commerce, commerce extérieur. [less ▲]

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See detailLa traversée : analyse des risques et obstacles frontaliers à l’approvisionnement alimentaire des ménages de la ville de Bukavu (Sud-Kivu) au District de Rusizi (Rwanda)
Vwima, Stany; Mastaki, Jean-Luc; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Oriental and African Studies (2014), 23

Les ménages de la ville de Bukavu (Sud-Kivu) qui s’approvisionnent en produits alimentaires au district de Rusizi (Rwanda) à travers les postes frontaliers Ruzizi 1 et 2, jouent un rôle important dans ... [more ▼]

Les ménages de la ville de Bukavu (Sud-Kivu) qui s’approvisionnent en produits alimentaires au district de Rusizi (Rwanda) à travers les postes frontaliers Ruzizi 1 et 2, jouent un rôle important dans l’approvisionnement et la sécurité alimentaire de la ville de Bukavu, mais ils ont longtemps dû faire face à plusieurs risques et obstacles frontaliers. La présence de ces risques et obstacles au niveau des frontières Ruzizi 1 et 2 sont non seulement à l’encontre des principes de renforcement des mesures de la facilitation du commerce frontalier prônée par plusieurs groupements régionaux et organismes internationaux, mais aussi ils constituent l’une des barrières importantes à l’entée dans ce secteur qui est considéré actuellement comme le filet d’emploi des populations pauvres face à un niveau élevé de chômage observé de plus en plus dans la ville de Bukavu. [less ▲]

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See detailComportements et pratiques alimentaires à Kinshasa. Un rapprochement entre les conditions de vie et les modes de consommation alimentaires des ménages
Muteba Kalala, Damien; Ntoto, Roger; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Oriental and African Studies (2014), 23

Cette recherche a pour but d’analyser la dynamique des modèles de consommation alimentaire dans la ville de Kinshasa en prenant en compte les dimensions socio-économiques et culturelles des consommateurs ... [more ▼]

Cette recherche a pour but d’analyser la dynamique des modèles de consommation alimentaire dans la ville de Kinshasa en prenant en compte les dimensions socio-économiques et culturelles des consommateurs, dans une approche de suivi des ménages. Cette recherche tente de répondre à ces deux questions : - Quelle est l’importance relative des différents aliments consommés par les ménages ( leur poids relatif dans les dépenses de consommation) ? (Bricas, 1998) ; - Comment se caractérise cette consommation et comment les ménages s’organisent-ils pour accéder à l’alimentation ? [less ▲]

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See detailCost Monitoring for Clam Raising Farmers in the Northern Area of Vietnam
Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences (2014), 4(8), 378-383

Clam farming in the coastal provinces of Vietnam has notably developed since the last decade. It generated high income, improve socio-economic development for many local communities. However, many clam ... [more ▼]

Clam farming in the coastal provinces of Vietnam has notably developed since the last decade. It generated high income, improve socio-economic development for many local communities. However, many clam raising farms were facing difficulties of farm management, disease control, markets and systems of quality control. This research aimed to study about the real situation of cost monitoring in the clam raising farms in the Northern area of Vietnam and suggested some recommendation to promote the benefits for farmers. The paper is based on the semi-structure, standard questionnaires and PRA method to collect data from 112 clam raising farms in two coastal provinces (Nam Dinh and Thai Binh) in the Northern area of Vietnam in 2014. The findings showed that clam raising provided farmers a chance of getting high income parallel with high risk. There were 32.14% surveyed farms that got profit; 32.14% of them met the break-even, and 35.72% was lost. The study has found out four key factors affecting farms’ economic performance and efficiency. The first factor that impacted on the farms’ outcome was the low capacity of farm cost control, thus the cost for clam raising was very high at 8,142 to 9,190 USD per ha. The second was the farmers’ experience, skill, technique and ability to control risk. The third was the low, unstable market and unsuitable market. Final factor was the area and location of clam raising. Despite these difficulties, 57.14% surveyed farms still intended to expand their production; 25% of them would continue; and only 17.86% would stop or changed to other activities. In order to promote the benefits for clam raising farmers, cost control should be paid more attention, improvement of the farmers’ capacity to control cost was necessary, and market should be regarded. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Relation Between The Food Price And The Climatic and Agricultural Factors In Republic of Niger
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Du Faux, Judith ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Akın Olgun, F.; Kurtović, Mirsad; Filya, Ismail (Eds.) 25th International Scientific-Experts Congress on Agriculture and Food Industry : Book of abstracts (2014)

In the republic of Niger, the food price is very important for the farmers because the agricultural and livestock activities represent the main income of rural population. Furthermore, the temporary ... [more ▼]

In the republic of Niger, the food price is very important for the farmers because the agricultural and livestock activities represent the main income of rural population. Furthermore, the temporary disruptions (climate, environment) influence the food price. The target of this paper is to demonstrate the evolution of the millet current prices and the link between the prices and the annual temporary disruptions. The first factor is the monthly current prices of millet because it is the main food consumed by the rural population. The period taken into consideration is twenty years. The second factor is the annual precipitation and the number of raining days. The third factor is based on the millet production (production, yield, area). In the first time, we analyze the time series of monthly prices of millet with a mixed model. In the second time, an correlation compares the link between the “environmental” factors and the prices series. In conclusion, the time series studies of millet prices have demonstrated the cycle of these and their seasonality. Furthermore, the correlation has showed a difference between the studied factors and the millet prices. The main result is the demonstration of two time period: higher prices (May to August) and lower prices (October to January). [less ▲]

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See detailANALYSE DES DETERMINANTS DE L'ACCES AU CREDIT DES EXPLOITATIONS AGRICOLES AU BENIN
Sossou, Comlan ULg; Dogot, Thomas ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2014)

Cet article analyse les facteurs structurels, comportementaux et de performance qui déterminent l’accès au crédit des exploitations agricoles au Bénin. Les données ont été collectées auprès de 475 ... [more ▼]

Cet article analyse les facteurs structurels, comportementaux et de performance qui déterminent l’accès au crédit des exploitations agricoles au Bénin. Les données ont été collectées auprès de 475 exploitations agricoles. Un modèle logit binomial a été utilisé au cours de l’analyse. Les résultats ont montré que la taille des ménages, la proximité des IMF, l’appartenance à un groupement de solidarité financière et le revenu issu de la principale culture sont les facteurs qui influencent l’accès au crédit. L’analyse des effets marginaux a indiqué que l’amélioration de la proximité des IMF et l’appartenance à un groupement de solidarité financière sont susceptibles d’augmenter significativement l’accès au crédit. Ainsi, nous recommandons l’amélioration du taux de couverture des IMF présentes au Bénin et la sensibilisation des exploitants agricoles à la formation et/ou l’adhésion à des groupements de solidarité financière. [less ▲]

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