References of "Lebailly, Philippe"
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See detailInsécurité alimentaire et pauvreté des ménages en milieu rural au Niger: cas de la région de Tahoua
Moussa Dit Kalamou, Mahamadou; Yamba, Boubacar; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Algerian Journal of Arid Environment (2016), 6(2), 4-15

This study examines the food insecurity situation and household poverty in Tahoua region (Niger). The investigations concerned 420 households distributed in 20 villages according to a reasoned sampling ... [more ▼]

This study examines the food insecurity situation and household poverty in Tahoua region (Niger). The investigations concerned 420 households distributed in 20 villages according to a reasoned sampling proportional to the demographic weight of 8 departments of the region. Household food insecurity results from inadequate cultivable land. Thus, poverty is mostly linked to poor access to basic social services such as education with 29% of school attendees and 53% of illiterates; Health coverage with 53.09% and rudimentary habitats consisting of hutches, straw huts, half or final materials built. Water infrastructure provides 13.5% of households with drinking water. Consequently, the Niger government must respond to reduce the vulnerability of populations to food insecurity and poverty by mobilizing land reserves, supporting pastoralism and nonagricultural activities, and controlling demography. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse comparative des résultats économiques de la production rizicole dans les pays de la CEPGL
Furaha Mirindi, Germaine ULg; Mastaki, Jean-Luc; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Cet article fait une analyse comparative des résultats économiques de la production rizicole durant la saison B 2014 dans les trois pays de la CEPGL qui sont la République Démocratique du Congo, le Rwanda ... [more ▼]

Cet article fait une analyse comparative des résultats économiques de la production rizicole durant la saison B 2014 dans les trois pays de la CEPGL qui sont la République Démocratique du Congo, le Rwanda et le Burundi. L’approche comparative permet de trouver les explications des différences des résultats en partie dans les politiques mises en oeuvre dans chaque pays. Les enquêtes ont été menées dans la plaine de la Ruzizi partagée entre les trois pays auprès de 240 producteurs du riz choisi à partir de la méthode des quotas sur la base d'une stratification des exploitations rizicoles. Dans le site congolais (où il est plus difficile d’accéder aux intrants et crédits), les coûts de production d’1kg de paddy sont les plus élevés avec une fonction de production y=0,034x+0,053z+0,422 et le rendement le plus bas (2698kgs). Par contre, dans les sites burundais et rwandais où l’Etat intervient dans l’approvisionnement en intrants et particulièrement dans le site rwandais, l’accès aux crédits, les fonctions de production sont respectivement de y=0,024x+0,031z+0,297 et y=0,017x+0,023z+0,269 avec des rendements de 3962kgs et 5339kgs dans le même ordre. Les coûts de production supportés sur un hectare rizicole ou encore pour la production d’une tonne de paddy varient selon le pays car ils dépendent de la valeur des intrants utilisés et des autres charges de structures. Ils varient ainsi de 1139,4USD à 1354,5USD/ ha et de 269 à 422USD/tonne. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelles perspectives pour le financement des entrepreneurs ruraux au Cameroun ? Réflexions au départ d'une recherche menée dans le centre du Cameroun
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Ahouissou, Brice Anicet

in Tchékoté, Hervé; Fouda Moulendé, Thérèse; Tallet, Bernard (Eds.) et al Savoirs et politiques de financement rural en Afrique subsaharienne. Des questionnements à quelques perspectives pour les entrepreneurs ruraux africains (2016)

La recherche de stratégies pertinentes et efficaces pour le financement des micros entreprises rurales reste une question pertinente pour le développement au Cameroun et c’est dans un contexte ... [more ▼]

La recherche de stratégies pertinentes et efficaces pour le financement des micros entreprises rurales reste une question pertinente pour le développement au Cameroun et c’est dans un contexte macroéconomique et politique national favorable que la présente réflexion se donne pour objectif de comprendre les problèmes auxquels les micros entrepreneurs ruraux sont confrontés pour l’accès au financement, dans le but de proposer des solutions adaptées et efficaces pour la levée des contraintes observées. [less ▲]

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See detailAquaculture Land-Use Policy: The Case of Clam Farming in Thaibinh Province, Vietnam
Ngo Thi Thu Hang, ULg; Tran, Huu Cuong; Azadi, Hossein et al

in Sustainability (2016), 8(12), 1251

Policy-making and enforcement remains centralized in Vietnam. Policies have been formulated with less scientific and public justification, thus being largely bureaucratic and infeasible, and in many cases ... [more ▼]

Policy-making and enforcement remains centralized in Vietnam. Policies have been formulated with less scientific and public justification, thus being largely bureaucratic and infeasible, and in many cases, they have created plagues for people at the grass-roots levels. This article focuses on the implementation of policies related to intertidal land-use and supports for clam farming in the Thaibinh province as a case study to explore the impacts of policies on clam farming and farmers. During the period of 2011–2013, provincial policies on intertidal land allocation and technical and financial supports had boosted clam farming development in the province to a surprising extent. Rapid expansion of the clam farming area has created significant consequences for the farming sector, as well as farmer’s lives. However, for the same provincial policies, but with different enforcement, different farming outcomes for clam farmers in the three study communes have resulted. Where farmers had more of a voice and choice in bidding for the intertidal areas they preferred, they faced fewer problems. It is, thus, suggested that a more decentralized policy-making and enforcement are needed, in which more scientific assessment and farmer participation are required to not only make government policy more successful in supporting farmers and achieving their expected outcomes, but also to provide farmers with more room to make their own farming decisions from which farming and marketing risks could be mitigated. [less ▲]

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See detailThe paradoxes of clam farming in Thaibinh Province, Vietnam
Ngo Thi Thu Hang, ULg; Tran Huu Cuong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Poster (2016)

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See detailIrrigated food systems in Maradi, Republic of Niger: a comparison between operating accounts
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Dambo, Sambo; Baboussouna, Awal et al

in Kovacevic, Dusan (Ed.) VII International Scientific Agriculture Symposium “AGROSYM 2016”, Jahorina, October 06-09, 2016 : book of proceedings (2016)

In Niger, most food systems are based on pluvial crops (millet, sorghum and cowpea).However, during the last decade, agricultural policy and technical and financial partners focused on increasing the ... [more ▼]

In Niger, most food systems are based on pluvial crops (millet, sorghum and cowpea).However, during the last decade, agricultural policy and technical and financial partners focused on increasing the productivity of irrigated food products. The region of Maradi, located in the Centre-South of Niger, is an area traditionally dedicated to agriculture. Some parts of this region are particularly adapted for irrigation, especially the Goulbi of Kaba and the Goulbi of Maradi valleys. The goal of this study is to establish the socio-economic situation of the main irrigated food productions, based on the following indicators: (i) the crop management technics used; (ii) the results of the operating account; and (iii) the comparison between the village and the adoption of new technic (farmer field school). This paper is based on direct surveys conducted in three areas of the Maradi’s region: Soumarana (commune of Safo, department of Madarounfa); N’Yelwa (commune of Madarounfa, department of Madarounfa); Madarounfa (commune of Madarounfa, department of Guidan Roumdji). The software used is Minitab and Excel. The results highlighta good perspective for the irrigation system but this food system is conditioned by the petroleum price and some other input (fertilizer and seed). The operating accounts show that irrigation is a non-negligible income source, which increases the resilience of the farmers. [less ▲]

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See detailLand issue around the lands recovered in the region of Tahoua in Niger
Moussa dit Kalamou, Mahamadou; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Yamba, Boubacar

in AGROFOR Journal International (2016), 1(1), 195-201

The present reflection analyzes the situation of farmlands and pastoral lands in the region of Tahoua in Niger in connection with the environmental conditions in a context marked by considerable regional ... [more ▼]

The present reflection analyzes the situation of farmlands and pastoral lands in the region of Tahoua in Niger in connection with the environmental conditions in a context marked by considerable regional demographic growth of 4.6% in 2012. These hinder the efforts of the country in the wrestling against food insecurity. It also analyzes the land stakes in this particular case, the intervention of the programs of recoveries of lands and the strategies developed by actors to guarantee their food security. It results from the synthesis of direct observations and from the inquiries on ground. The investigation realized in 2010 concerned 420 households distributed in twenty selected villages following a reasoned sampling and according to demographic weight of eight (8) departments of the region. The objective is to measure the impact of the land dynamics in fighting against the food insecurity and poverty of women in the region of Tahoua. It emerges from this study that 3% of the households without land; in spite of the average of nine (9) individuals by households, or approximately 2.62 hectares by field. The surfaces of fields vary from 0.11 to 17 hectares. Fields are located on trays, in the slum and at the level of dunes in agricultural zone. We attend an emergence of fields beyond the north end of the cultures. Most of the forest lands were transformed into areas of pasture, then into fields of culture after the development interventions. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance et circuit de commercialisation des principaux produits des cuvettes oasiennes du département de Gouré (Niger)
Malam Boukar, Awa Krou; Tidjani, A. Didier; Yamba, Boubacar et al

in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences (2016), 10(5), 2802-2214

The oasis basins of Gouré stand for food production and income generating sources for the local populations. The objective of this study is to show the economic effectiveness of the main agricultural ... [more ▼]

The oasis basins of Gouré stand for food production and income generating sources for the local populations. The objective of this study is to show the economic effectiveness of the main agricultural basins products and the platforms for business transactions. Therefore, two important complementary methodological approaches have been considered. The first helps in identifying the main agricultural products from basins through “test of Kendal” and the second allows the calculation of the economic profitability of the products through some indicators for measuring their performance. The investigations had realized in January 2015 among 105 producers. The analysis of results were recorded which revealed that all the agricultural products are generating some profit. However, the profit earning capacity is more important for short cycle products like cabbage (75%) and onions (69%). Basins products are more likely sold (73%) than being used for self-consumption (27%) and local markets remain the major business centers. These findings show that despite the opportunity offered by these oasis basins, challenges remain. [less ▲]

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See detailAgricultural Land Conversion Drivers in Northeast Iran: Application of Structural Equation Model
Azadi, Hossein ULg; Barati, Ali Akbar; Rafiaani, Parisa et al

in Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy (2016), 9(4), 591609

Identifying driving forces behind agricultural land conversion (ALC) remains one of the most difficult challenges that agricultural and environmental scientists must continually deal with. The difficulty ... [more ▼]

Identifying driving forces behind agricultural land conversion (ALC) remains one of the most difficult challenges that agricultural and environmental scientists must continually deal with. The difficulty emerges from the fact that in ALC, multiple actions and interactions between different factors (i.e., economic, political, environmental, biophysical, institutional, and cultural) exist and make it difficult to understand the function of the processes behind the changes. The phenomenon of ALC in different countries is varied in terms of intensity, trends and drivers. The main goal of this study was to understand these drivers in Northeast Iran through applying structural equation model (SEM). Using multi-stage stratified random sampling, 101 executive officers participated in the study. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire. A multi-stakeholder analysis and a mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) approach were applied. Results revealed that not only from the policy makers’ perspective but also based on the SEM, “economic”, “political”, “technological”, “social” and “environmental” factors should respectively be the five major drivers of ALC. The results also showed that among other drivers, “more profitability of non-agriculture sectors”, “excessive rising of land prices”, “farmers’ income instability”, “land fragmentation”, “urban sprawl” and “inheritance laws” are the main six causes of ALC. Hence, it can be concluded that policy-makers and planners need to take these drivers and subsidiaries more into consideration in order to properly respond to ALC. [less ▲]

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See detailVietnam's fisheries and aquaculture development’s policy: are exports performance targets sustainable?”
Nguyen Thi Khanh Hong, ULg; Phan Thi Thu Hien; Tran Thi Nang Thu et al

Conference (2016)

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See detailFactors Affecting Small Scale Fish Farmers in Accessing Markets: a case study of fish value chain in HaiDuong Province, Vietnam
Nguyen Van Huong, ULg; Tran Huu, Cuong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016)

Traditionally, small farmers sell their crops or/and animals at the farm gate to intermediaries, often at a low price. However, innovations in marketing arrangements can transform market relations in ... [more ▼]

Traditionally, small farmers sell their crops or/and animals at the farm gate to intermediaries, often at a low price. However, innovations in marketing arrangements can transform market relations in favour of smallholders, and producer organizations are well-positioned to take advantage of these new approaches. Factor analysis was applied on twelve components of output markets in Haiduong province. The results show that there are patterns that are observable in terms of access and use of output market by fish farmers. The most commonly used output markets by aquaculture farmers are local fresh output market, the best retail produce markets as well as the wholesale fresh fish markets. The study reveals that farmers tend to sell their fish to the wholesale fresh fish markets. The best retail output markets also provide an important market outlet for produce by aquaculture farmers. Improving road conditions and transport services in the projected regions of aquaculture production as well as rural areas will not only improve accessibility of external markets, but will also improve accessibility of local output markets. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of livelihood capitals on poverty of forest dependent households in upland area: a case study in BacKan province, Vietnam
Nguyen Hai Nui; Nguyen Quoc Chinh; Do Quang Giam et al

Conference (2016)

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See detailGovernance the chicken chain in Vietnam: a case study in Kim Dong District, Hung Yen Province
Tran Huu, Cuong; Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016)

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See detailCooperation-Competition Relationship between Small Traditional Handicraft Enterprises in the Proximity Context: Case Study in the Periphery of Hanoi – Vietnam
Nguyen, Thi Thu Hien ULg; Nguyen Thi Trang Nhung, ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in International Journal of Business and Social Science (2016), 7(8/August 2016), 121-127

Small traditional handicraft enterprises contribute a significantly to develop society, economics, and culture of the local through creating jobs for rural labors, increasing local budget, as well as ... [more ▼]

Small traditional handicraft enterprises contribute a significantly to develop society, economics, and culture of the local through creating jobs for rural labors, increasing local budget, as well as maintaining and developing the traditional cultural values. There are interactionsamong the firms due to near locations. The aim of this paper is to describe characteristics of the cooperation- competition among small traditional handicraft enterprises located adjacent to Hanoi capital city. Moreover, the paper also points out the relationship between cooperation- proximity, and competition-proximity. It finds that the cooperation-competition relationship always exists among the enterprises and in the proximity condition. This paper gives recommendations on the strengthening cooperation between firms and improving local industry based on the cooperation – competition relationships.The methodology of research applied isa qualitative analysis, an exploratory analysis in the grounded theory. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of aquaculture in North Vietnam: influence on the living standards and gender division of family labor
Caulier, Henri; Tran Thi Thap, Hieu; Tran Thi Nang, Thu et al

Poster (2016)

During previous years, along with the overall development of Vietnam, the fisheries sector has made great progress in terms of output and has remained as a very important sector of Vietnam’s economy. The ... [more ▼]

During previous years, along with the overall development of Vietnam, the fisheries sector has made great progress in terms of output and has remained as a very important sector of Vietnam’s economy. The average growth rate of this sector has been 7.9% per year –contributing greatly to the industrialization and modernization of the agriculture and rural sectors of the country. Since 2006, Vietnam has been globally ranked among the top 10 leading exporting countries in fisheries. To cope with these new circumstances, the aquaculture sector must grow while reducing emissions and pollution. Moreover, the value they generate should be distributed fairly, in order to improve the living conditions of producers, while the risks must be shared among all stakeholders. In this context, il will be also appropriate to conduct specific research including gender analysis of aquaculture value chain. The main objective of this paper is to present the main results of a field research conducted in the northern Vietnam and related to a specific fresh water aquaculture production system. This study was conducted to (1) describe and understand the division of family labor in aquaculture and (2) make a diagnose about economic situation of the households in aquaculture. [less ▲]

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See detailRisks and some prevention solution in the chicken raising: a case study in Kim Dong District, Hung Yen Province, Vietnam
Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research (2016), 3(4), 506-510

Chicken raising in Vietnam is still spontaneous, small scale, scattered, backward, low productivity, and especially faces many risks which would reduce the efficiency and profits of the farmers. This ... [more ▼]

Chicken raising in Vietnam is still spontaneous, small scale, scattered, backward, low productivity, and especially faces many risks which would reduce the efficiency and profits of the farmers. This study aims to analyze risks and suggest some prevention solutions in the chicken raising in a case study of the Kim Dong district, Hung Yen province based on the questionnaire survey data of 40 representative chicken raising farmers. The results showed that, the most popular risks of input came from the high feed price (80%), and the easily engaged in diseases breed (72.5%). In the chicken raising period, they got the risks of diseases (90%), 35% had experienced with massive death. There were 80% farmers found difficulty or slow consumption, 70% was at risk of reducing or low output prices, and 65% responded that the market sometimes was distorted by the traders. The study suggests that, farmers need to have a strong cooperative to create a greater power in the negotiation with feed providing companies; select good prestige, ensured quality breed providers; reorganize their production process, regularly vaccinate, carefully monitored for early detection of epidemics, quarantine sick chickens from the flock, treat the diseases completely; update the market information to raise at the suitable production size. Government and local authorities should support them about market information so they can make the most appropriate and beneficial decision about production. [less ▲]

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