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See detailMobilité pastorale au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest : essai de synthèse
HIYA MAIDAWA, Moustapha; Andres, Ludovic ULg; yamba, boubacar et al

Conference (2016, January)

La mobilité pastorale joue un rôle important dans la vie socio-économique des populations au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest. Cependant, à travers la littérature, on perçoit la mobilité comme responsable ... [more ▼]

La mobilité pastorale joue un rôle important dans la vie socio-économique des populations au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest. Cependant, à travers la littérature, on perçoit la mobilité comme responsable de la dégradation de l’environnement, l’émission de gaz à effet de serre, la désertification, la faible performance économique, etc. (AUBREVILLE A, 1949 ; HUBERT H, 1920; LAMPREY H, 1975). Toutefois, à partir de la fin des années 1990 un nouvel regard s’est orienté vers l’élevage mobile avec son rôle dans la lutte contre la désertification et le maintien de la biodiversité (BOURBOUZE A. et al, 2002 ; EL AICH A, WATERHOUSE A, 1999). Cette synthèse bibliographique tente de dégager le rôle et la place de la mobilité pastorale dans la vie socio-économique et environnementale au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest. De plus, cette synthèse fait ressortir le lien entre la mobilité et les mutations foncières que vivent le pastoralisme et la mobilité au Sahel. [less ▲]

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See detailDeterminants of rice production in remote areas of Vietnam: a case study in Lao Cai province
Bui Thi Lam, ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Tran Huu, Cuong

in Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES); Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA) (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference "Agriculture Development in the Context of International Integration: Opportunities and Challenges". December 7-8, 2016, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

Seng Cu rice, a special product in the Northwestern region of Vietnam, provides high economic value and it is one of the main crops for poverty reduction and rural development. Lao Cai, a moutainous ... [more ▼]

Seng Cu rice, a special product in the Northwestern region of Vietnam, provides high economic value and it is one of the main crops for poverty reduction and rural development. Lao Cai, a moutainous province, has various natural advantages for growing Seng Cu rice such as soil, climate, water resource and so on. However, Seng Cu rice production are facing with several challenges including: (i) low investment; (ii) poor farming practices; (iii) weak linkages between farmers and input/output suppliers; (iv) lack of supporting services regarding to agricultural extension and technology; (v) poor economic infrastructure. The main reasons mentioned above caused to low productivity produced at 60% of the potential, low income and high poverty rate at 50%, especially in upland communes the province. Besides, smallholder farmers have high levels of food insecurity and unsustainable livelihood. This paper aims to review the reasons why smallholder farmers in the region fail to plant Seng Cu rice. Then, various recommendations will be proposed to increase productivity and price for smallholders to improve incomes and living standard for the local farmers. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative analysis of agricultural production systems performances: case of millet and sorghum in Mali
Sissoko, Penda ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Kovacevic, Dusan (Ed.) VII International Scientific Agriculture Symposium “AGROSYM 2016”, Jahorina, October 06-09, 2016 : book of proceedings (2016)

This study was carried out to compare the performances of agricultural production systems based on millet and sorghum in Sahelian and sudano-Sahelian areas of Mali in 2014. The two systems compared were ... [more ▼]

This study was carried out to compare the performances of agricultural production systems based on millet and sorghum in Sahelian and sudano-Sahelian areas of Mali in 2014. The two systems compared were production techniques of micro-dosing fertilizer and traditional cropping called conventional cropping system of millet and sorghum. One hundred and eight farmers (108) were selected and interviewed in the two areas. The techniques of micro-dosing used were manual and mechanical fertilizers distribution. The tools used for analysis were descriptive statistics (frequency, average, standard deviation) and analytical method (ANOVA). The software’s used were EXCEL, SPSS 20 and STAGRAPHICS. The results of this survey show significant differences of mean at the plots levels. The production system based on fertilizer micro-dosing techniques is more efficient than traditional system of millet and sorghum through high yielding, lowing costs of fertilizers, diminution of farming operation work times and, high net profit at the plot level. The percent of yield obtained with manual technique is 41% and 52% with mechanical distribution (placement) for millet and respectively for sorghum 45% and 56%. The calculated cost ratio values (CRV>1) show that micro-dosing techniques are profitable for millet and sorghum production. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution of urban agriculture at household level in northern Vietnam: Case study in Trau Quy town, Gia Lam district, Hanoi city
Mai Lan, Phuong; Nguyen Phuong, Le; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development (2016), 6(12), 229-239

Similar to many developing countries, urbanization has been happening in Vietnam with bigger scale and higher speed for two recent decades. Urbanization has strongly impacted on livelihood of people those ... [more ▼]

Similar to many developing countries, urbanization has been happening in Vietnam with bigger scale and higher speed for two recent decades. Urbanization has strongly impacted on livelihood of people those who used to be farmers. These new urban residents are facing with lack of employment, food insecurity and food unsafety. Based on quantitative and qualitative data which have been collected from 40 households by survey, in-depth interview and group-focused discussion, this study tries to show that agriculture still plays important roles in socio-economic lives of households in Trau Quy town where most of farmers have been turned into non-farmers and they lost almost all their farmland due to urbanization. The research results witness that, for economic aspect, urban agriculture contributes to households? income, food security, food safety, and creates job opportunities for family labours, especially for those who cannot find off-farm jobs in labour market. Regard with social aspect, livelihood security and maintenance of traditional social networks are considered as significant roles of urban agriculture. [less ▲]

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See detailRice and shrimp farming in the Xuan Thuy National Park: sustainable and unsustainable practices
Nguyen Thi Trang Nhung, ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Tran Huu, Cuong

in Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA); Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference "Agriculture Development in the Context of International Integration: Opportunities and Challenges". December 7-8, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

Agricultural and aquaculture patterns in Xuan Thuy National Park mainly consists of rice planting and shrimp aquaculture (intensive and semi-intensive). Currently, there are about 11,899 rice households ... [more ▼]

Agricultural and aquaculture patterns in Xuan Thuy National Park mainly consists of rice planting and shrimp aquaculture (intensive and semi-intensive). Currently, there are about 11,899 rice households covering 1,873.07 ha, 215 semi-intensive shrimp households occupying 1,730.7 ha and 40 intensive households amounting to 90 ha in the Ramsar site. The local farmers produce 14,411 ton of rice, 450 ton of intensive shrimp and 516 tonof semi-intensive shrimp. Thus, rice and shrimp contribute significantly to local food basket and economy but it is overshadowed by environmental concerns. This paper aims to focus on reviews how farmers practice rice and shrimp at the international important location. It finds some inappropriate management practices regarding to monoculture, use of fertilizer, pesticide, antibiotic and other drugs, and water effluent systems. In addition, almost of respondents aware of water discharge from rice areas after spraying pesticide is the most serious constraint for their shrimp and the effluent from shrimp ponds make pollution for the environment. Lesson learned from review are considered in the context of recommendations to apply effective management measures to mitigate the unsustainable practices. [less ▲]

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See detailSmallholder farming and youth’s aspirations: Case study in Bacninh province, Red River Delta, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULg; Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016)

Smallholder farming which is the important source of employment as well as food security, has become a priority on the development agenda, focusing attention on the next generation of farmers. However ... [more ▼]

Smallholder farming which is the important source of employment as well as food security, has become a priority on the development agenda, focusing attention on the next generation of farmers. However, emerging researches show that even though youth have potential qualities to promote agriculture, most of them appear reluctant to enter farming. The study aimed at finding out the determinants which influence rural youth participation in agriculture, and identified conditions under which capable youth being interested in agriculture. Based on the empirical findings in a village in Bacninh province through systematic survey and interviews, the study revealed that that age, sex, marital status, education level, family background, as well as the ability of rural credit facilities and land access are important factors associated with rural youth’s participation in agricultural activities. Furthermore, the perception on agriculture as a heavy work, low income and low status made farming unattractive prospect for many. The analysis suggests that factors new information communication technologies and associates desire for consumption have influence on decisions about farming choice. Moreover, majority of the respondents were attracted to invest independent in their own farms rather than being employed as agricultural labour or involved in family farms. [less ▲]

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See detailMigration, Remittance and Gender Empowered: Case study in Bacninh province, Red River Delta, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULg; Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016)

This research explores gender differences in migration patterns, income, remittance-sending behavior, gender differences in access to and utilization of remittance-sending services and channels, and the ... [more ▼]

This research explores gender differences in migration patterns, income, remittance-sending behavior, gender differences in access to and utilization of remittance-sending services and channels, and the relationship between gender and the management and utilization of remittances. The research findings are based on a survey in Bacninh province, Red River Delta of Vietnam show that the proportion of men and women participated in migration was relatively balanced (50.6% and 49.4% respectively). Majority of migrants is young and married with high educated. The largest proportion of migrants (69.4%) participated in daily shift type of migration who is mostly working in the Industrial zones. While male migrants prefer high income job, females search for the stability. However, even though the earning of women migrants is lower than men, they are more likely saving and sending remittance higher in compared with their male counterpart. Remittances play an active role in contributing towards improved living conditions and the economic development of rural households. More than nine out of 10 female and male migrants interviewed feel that the economic condition of their families has improved through their labour migration, with women being somewhat more optimistic. Remittances are used for different purposes, but are mainly spent on daily living expenses, while education and medical expenses also represent a major expense. More than half of both female and male migrants feel that their position of power within their families has improved through their economic contributions. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of rice vermicelli processing in Dinh Ke and Thu Duong traditional craft villages, Bac Giang province
Le Thi Long, Vy; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Economics & Development (2016), 229(II (07/2016)), 60-66

This study aims at analyzing the development processes of rice vermicelli in Dinh Ke and Thu Duong villages of Bac Giang province. The authors conducted a survey with 66 households involving rice ... [more ▼]

This study aims at analyzing the development processes of rice vermicelli in Dinh Ke and Thu Duong villages of Bac Giang province. The authors conducted a survey with 66 households involving rice vermicelli production and 51 households who did not involve. In combination with in-depth interviews with representative leaders of "Cooperative of production and trading of rice vermicelli in Dinh Ke" and "Association of production and consumption of Chu vermicelli in Luc Ngan district", the data indicated that not only did the development of traditional craft villages bring high income for farm households but they also helped to conserve Vietnam cuisine culture. In order to develop traditional craft villages, it is necessary to re-establish linkages from a production stage to marketing of products, to ensure adequate facilities for drying products, and to impose strong sanction to deal with illegal trading. [less ▲]

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See detailThe dynamic pathways of agrarian change in the Red River Delta of Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULg; Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA); Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference "Agriculture Development in the Context of International Integration: Opportunities and Challenges". Vietnam National University of Agriculture, December 7-8, 2016, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

Even though agricultural production has not been the main source of income for rural households in Red River Delta, yet farming remains an important livelihood and security for many rural people. The ... [more ▼]

Even though agricultural production has not been the main source of income for rural households in Red River Delta, yet farming remains an important livelihood and security for many rural people. The empirical findings from fieldwork in a village in the Red River Delta of Vietnam show how dependence on agriculture is determined by family context, including land, education and job of household members, their gender and age. Most educated young people have successfully found employment opportunities outside in the village as migratory wage labour, and have capacity to attain higher social status and become rural entrepreneurs. While less educated and older villagers consider agriculture as a more favorable alternative and valuable security. Besides, maintenance agricultural production at reasonable level and return to traditional cultivation is also considered as a rural household strategy coping with food security in industrialization and rural-urban linkage. Diverse and special extended livelihoods are contributed by historical, cultural and economic specificities which are conditioned for rural transformation. [less ▲]

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See detailContract Farming as a Determinant of Promoting Tea Marketing Channels for Small Producers in Phu Tho Province
Le Thi Kim, Oanh ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton; Tran Huu, Cuong et al

in International Review of Research in Emerging Markets and the Global Economy (2016), 2(4), 955-972

Contract farming between farmers and firms plays an important role in promoting access to the markets for small producers, especially in the less developed and developing countries. It is shown that ... [more ▼]

Contract farming between farmers and firms plays an important role in promoting access to the markets for small producers, especially in the less developed and developing countries. It is shown that contract farming provides farmers with the stable sale of their crops and agrobusiness firms with a steady supply of agricultural products required by the market. This paper focuses on analyzing benefits of tea producers that sign contracts with companies in term of tea marketing channels. By analyzing the data collected through 110 surveyed farmers in Thanh Son and Doan Hung districts in Phu Tho province, the study found that contract farmers received lower price than non contract farmers did in exchange for higher stability of price and better market access. As a result, it is highly recommended that small tea farmers should participate in contract farming in Phu Tho Province, Vietnam. [less ▲]

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See detailContract Farming as a Determinant of Promoting Tea Marketing Channel for Small Producers in Phu Tho Province
Le Thi Kim, Oanh ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton; Tran Huu, Cuong et al

in Global Business Research Journals (GBRJ) (Ed.) Proceedings of the Doctoral Research Conference in Business Studies & Management Sciences (2016)

Making contracts between farmers and firms (contract farming, for short) plays an important role in establishing access to the agricultural markets for the small producers, especially in the developing ... [more ▼]

Making contracts between farmers and firms (contract farming, for short) plays an important role in establishing access to the agricultural markets for the small producers, especially in the developing and less developed countries. It is argued that contract farming provides farmers with the assured sale of their crops and agro-business firms with a steady supply of agricultural products required by the market. This paper focuses on analyzing benefits of tea producers through signing contract with firms. By using relevant research methods of verifying studying areas, making Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), and surveying farmers, the paper finds that although contract farmers receive lower fresh tea price in compared with the price received by non-contract farmers, they would have higher price stability and are provided with market guarantee mechanism. These benefits are really important in context of globalization and market liberalization with the demand for high quality and high value products. It is highly recommended that small farmers therefore should participate in the coordination model between farmers and firms in the process of tea production and marketing in Phu Tho Province, Vietnam. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of contract farming on black tea value chain: a case study in Phu Tho province, Vietnam
Le Thi Kim, Oanh ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton; Tran Huu, Cuong et al

in Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA); Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference "Agriculture Development in the Context of International Integration: Opportunities and Challenges". December 7-8, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

Black tea product contributes 80% of exported tea in Phu Tho province. Black tea has been being one of the high valued commodities and brought high income for tea producers. However, the black tea ... [more ▼]

Black tea product contributes 80% of exported tea in Phu Tho province. Black tea has been being one of the high valued commodities and brought high income for tea producers. However, the black tea industry has been facing on many difficulties such as low price, perishable cash crop, weak cooperation between stakeholders and low competitiveness. In value chain, contract farming has been viewed as an instrument for improving value chain performance by building the tight integration among actors. Therefore, the study focused on comparing value chains of contract farmers to those of worker farmers and non-contract farmers in order to analyze the influence of contract farming on black tea value chain. The data collection based on semi-structure interviews and 1 1 0 standard questionnaires in Thanh Son and Doan Hung districts. By adopting financial analysis, the paper explored the cost and the benefits of actors and the linkages among the actors of the black tea value chain. The results showed that the value added (VA) was 10.88 million VND/ton of black tea for groups of worker, 10.62 million VND/ton of black tea for contract farmers and 11.40 million VND/ton of black tea for non contract farmers. However, the VA of whole chain of worker farmers and contract farmers (29%) is higher than the non-contract farmers(18%). Therefore, worker farmers and contract farmers chains are more comparative and sustainable than non contract farmers chain. Based on the results, it could indicated that contract farming could promote the black tea value chain in Phu Tho province. [less ▲]

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See detailHousehold risk management strategies for coastal aquaculture risks: the case of clam farming in Thaibinh province, Vietnam
Ngo Thi Thu Hang, ULg; Tran Huu, Cuong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA); Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES CCD) (Eds.) Proceedings "International conference on Agriculture development in the context of international integration: opportunities and challenges". 2016 ICOAD, December 7-8, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

Endowed with 3,260 km of coastal line and 112 estuaries, Vietnam has a high potential for aquaculture development. However, long coastal line is also embedded with natural high risks under climate changes ... [more ▼]

Endowed with 3,260 km of coastal line and 112 estuaries, Vietnam has a high potential for aquaculture development. However, long coastal line is also embedded with natural high risks under climate changes and sea level rise. Vietnam is ranked at the 18th in the 2015 world risk index and the vulnerability index of 50.9%. Relying on coastal resources, aquatic farmers have adopted a number of strategies to cope with aquaculture risks. By using the OECD holistic approach, this research used several tools to identify farmer's performance on clam farming practices and their risk management strategies (RMS) in Thaibinh province (the largest area of the clam production in the north and north central coastal part of Vietnam). RSMs are found of diversification and flexibility among farmers. For production risks, the RSMs are: (1) enlarging clam raising size and (2) actively controlling clam production by experience and technical innovations. For market risks, the RSM is searching for more clam market channels in both input and output market. For financial risks, RSMs are (1) securing family from clam farming loss by diversifying livelihood activities and (2) accessing secure financial sources in term or interest and bond conditions. Although some RSMs had resulted positive impacts but in overall, the clam farming risks have not managed well by those strategies due to the limitation in capacity of households comparing with level of risks. To cope better with different risks in clam sector, besides the adjustment in RSMs of farmers themselves, it is necessary to have the intervention from government (from national to local level) to address the aquaculture risks which the farmers cannot handle by themselves, such as (1) addressing the issue of polluted wastewater to the clam field; and (2) more focusing in supporting farmer in linkages to the both formal financial market and output market. In addition, supports for technical training targeting on improving farmer's skills and knowledge in farming decision making and market information is also of high value to clam farmers in coping with farming risks. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance of the chicken contract farming and its affecting factors in Vietnam: a case study in Hoa Thach Commune, Quoc Oai District, Hanoi
Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA); Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference "Agriculture Development in the Context of International Integration: Opportunities and Challenges". December 7-8, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

This study aims to analyze the performance and its affecting factors in the chicken contract farming in a case study of Hoa Thach commune, Quoc Oai province, Hanoi, based on the questionnaire surveyed ... [more ▼]

This study aims to analyze the performance and its affecting factors in the chicken contract farming in a case study of Hoa Thach commune, Quoc Oai province, Hanoi, based on the questionnaire surveyed data of 40 representative chicken contract farmers in the study site in 2016. The results showed that surveyed household’s head was medium (37 years old), low educational level (80% secondary school), but they had experience (87.5% had more than 3 years of raising), with quite large raising scale (popular 3001 to 5000 heads). Feed cost was too high (87.7% total cost), led farmers to lower performance, and situation of depending on the market. The farm income was rather low, accounted for only 10.4% total revenue. Results also showed that, any decrease in labor cost, improvement in by - products revenue or egg laying rate will lead to the enhancement of chicken raising performance for contract farmers. Therefore, the farmers had better reduced the feed cost, better manage their labor, exploit by- products and improve the egg laying rate to enhance the farm performance. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamics of Agrarian Systems and Land Use Change in North Vietnam
Han Quang, Hanh; Azadi, Hossein; Dogot, Thomas ULg et al

in Land Degradation & Development (2016)

During the period of socio-economic transformation initiated in the late 1980s by the political reform (Doi Moi) in Vietnam, the agrarian systems evolved considerably. In the region around the capital ... [more ▼]

During the period of socio-economic transformation initiated in the late 1980s by the political reform (Doi Moi) in Vietnam, the agrarian systems evolved considerably. In the region around the capital, where the process of industrialization, urbanization, and international integration has been accelerating, a number of questions about the sustainability of those agrarian systems have been raised. By diagnosing and analysing the dynamics of the agricultural systems in Vietnam from 1980 to 2010, this study aims to provide decision-makers with some sectorial and territorial policy options that are able to authorize the sustainable development of agriculture and rural society in the new socio-economic context. By applying a systematic approach, including the historical and adaptive approaches, this study shows how well farmers in the Hai Duong province have adapted to socio-economic and institutional changes, notably by transforming part of their paddy farms into other agricultural land use purposes, such as fish ponds, animal buildings, vegetable fields, and fruit orchards. These rapid changes, however, do not move in a direction that improves the sustainability of agrarian systems. The results revealed that farm holders are now facing many technical and economic contradictions, whereas issues that arise from the land no longer are only related to agricultural purposes. Competition for different functions of land use are now emerging, along with the fragmentation of plots, an imperfect land market, and rising property values ​​are all emerging. The prospect of the sustainability of agricultural systems was also analysed under different scenarios, highlighting the complexity of policy options. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution of land use-change modeling: routes of different schools of knowledge
Azadi, Hossein; Barati, Ali Akbar; Rafiaani, Parisa et al

in Landscape and Ecological Engineering (2016), (12 (December 2016)), 1-14

Although much has been published on land use-change models (LUCMs), no study has comprehensively dealt with the evolution of land use models based on schools of knowledge. The primary objective of this ... [more ▼]

Although much has been published on land use-change models (LUCMs), no study has comprehensively dealt with the evolution of land use models based on schools of knowledge. The primary objective of this paper is an explanation of the progress and growth of LUCMs concerning their main ontological, epistemological, and methodological origins. Five main paradigms, i.e., positivism, post-positivism, constructivism, participatory, and pragmatism approaches, are discussed in order to assess the current orientations of LUCMs. Given the complexities of LUCM components, the study concludes that one paradigm cannot adequately address all methodological aspects. Accordingly, it is necessary to combine quantitative and qualitative paradigms to create mixed-method approaches within a systemic framework. Such systemic approaches could shape the most probable future generations of LUCMs, which would be able to cope with the complexity of various subsystems, including biophysical and socioeconomic ones. [less ▲]

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See detailIntensification of smallholder agriculture in Rwanda: scenarios and challenges towards a sustainable transformation
Musabanganji, Edouard ULg; Karangwa, Antoine; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

E-print/Working paper (2016)

This paper clarifies the path that Rwanda took in the quest for a modern, intensive, productive and market-oriented agriculture. The facts presented here have been collected by means of documentation that ... [more ▼]

This paper clarifies the path that Rwanda took in the quest for a modern, intensive, productive and market-oriented agriculture. The facts presented here have been collected by means of documentation that led to the review of different publications including published papers and government and development partners’ reports. The paper shows that an adequate policy and institutional environment has been created by various socio-economic, institutional and agriculture-led reforms launched since the early 2000s. The literature review reveals that impressive results have been recorded in regard to smallholder agriculture intensification. In addition, the theoretical model for progressive smallholder agriculture transformation helped to show that most of the smallholders grouped in cooperatives are at the 'semi-commercial smallholders' stage while only a few are at the 'commercial smallholders' and 'advanced farmers' stages. This study also examines various challenges that hamper the sustainable intensification of smallholder agriculture at both institutional, community and smallholder level. It suggests some policy actions to be put forward by the government and other agriculture sector development partners to address those challenges. [less ▲]

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See detailAgricultural production in the context of industrialization and food security in Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULg; Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in AGROFOR International Journal (2016), 1(1),

Since 1990s the bloom of industrialization and urbanization brings the changes of social and economic issue of Vietnam rural areas. During this process, rural households have reduced agricultural land for ... [more ▼]

Since 1990s the bloom of industrialization and urbanization brings the changes of social and economic issue of Vietnam rural areas. During this process, rural households have reduced agricultural land for cultivating. From the status of food producers now they become food consumers. Through surveying 215 households in Bac Ninh province, the study shows that that industrialization and land conversion process affected household food security in several aspects: the lost of agricultural land and surplus agricultural production decrease; unguaranteed decent work for peasants and high living cost; the decline of living quality and food safety. Food consumption of the family has shifted from self-reliance to the way that more depend on market which increases food expense propotion on household budget. However, spending more on food does not mean satisfied since the suspiciousness of food quality. Household food security becomes more vulnerable, especially for households that have limited access to land and incapability of finding stable jobs. One of the strategies of rural households is diversify their livelihoods, accepted multi-spacial household model. And when income from non-farm jobs could relatively supply enough their need of cash, they would rather consume high quality food than grow and sell high yielding variable. Rural households move back to the local traditional agricultural activities to ensure their own food quality. [less ▲]

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See detailInsécurité alimentaire et pauvreté des ménages en milieu rural au Niger: cas de la région de Tahoua
Moussa Dit Kalamou, Mahamadou; Yamba, Boubacar; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Algerian Journal of Arid Environment (2016), 6(2), 4-15

This study examines the food insecurity situation and household poverty in Tahoua region (Niger). The investigations concerned 420 households distributed in 20 villages according to a reasoned sampling ... [more ▼]

This study examines the food insecurity situation and household poverty in Tahoua region (Niger). The investigations concerned 420 households distributed in 20 villages according to a reasoned sampling proportional to the demographic weight of 8 departments of the region. Household food insecurity results from inadequate cultivable land. Thus, poverty is mostly linked to poor access to basic social services such as education with 29% of school attendees and 53% of illiterates; Health coverage with 53.09% and rudimentary habitats consisting of hutches, straw huts, half or final materials built. Water infrastructure provides 13.5% of households with drinking water. Consequently, the Niger government must respond to reduce the vulnerability of populations to food insecurity and poverty by mobilizing land reserves, supporting pastoralism and nonagricultural activities, and controlling demography. [less ▲]

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