References of "Lebailly, Philippe"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnalyse comparative des coûts de production rizicole dans les pays de la Communauté Economique des Pays des Grands Lacs (CEPGL).
Furaha Mirindi, Germaine ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016, September 23)

Cet article fait une analyse comparative des résultats économiques de la production rizicole durant la saison B 2014 dans les trois pays de la CEPGL qui sont la République Démocratique du Congo, le Rwanda ... [more ▼]

Cet article fait une analyse comparative des résultats économiques de la production rizicole durant la saison B 2014 dans les trois pays de la CEPGL qui sont la République Démocratique du Congo, le Rwanda et le Burundi. L’approche comparative permet de trouver les explications des différences des résultats en partie dans les politiques mises en œuvre dans chaque pays. Les enquêtes ont été menées dans la plaine de la Ruzizi partagée entre les trois pays auprès de 240 producteurs du riz choisi à partir de la méthode des quotas sur la base d'une stratification des exploitations rizicoles. Dans le site congolais (où il est plus difficile d’accéder aux intrants et crédits), les coûts de production d’1kg de paddy sont les plus élevés avec une fonction de production y=0,034x+0,053z+0,422 et le rendement le plus bas (2698kgs). Par contre, dans les sites burundais et rwandais où l’Etat intervient dans l’approvisionnement en intrants et particulièrement dans le site rwandais, l’accès aux crédits, les fonctions de production sont respectivement de y=0,024x+0,031z+0,297 et y=0,017x+0,023z+0,269 avec des rendements de 3962kgs et 5339kgs dans le même ordre. Les coûts de production supportés sur un hectare rizicole ou encore pour la production d’une tonne de paddy varient selon le pays car ils dépendent de la valeur des intrants utilisés et des autres charges de structures. Ils varient ainsi de 1139,4USD à 1354,5USD/ ha et de 269 à 422USD/tonne. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (9 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLinkages and production and marketing of rice vermicelli in traditional craft villages of Bac Giang province
Le Thy Long, Vy; Nguyen Huu, Nhuan; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016, September 10)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes cuvettes oasiennes du Niger oriental: entre pratiques foncières et cadre législatif
Malam Boukar, Awa Krou; Yamba, Boubacar; Andres, Ludovic ULg et al

in Revue Internationale des Sciences de Développement (2016), 4(6), 376-388

Despite the new context of the land-law with the land committee, the property owner depends on the traditional law. This paper shows the land system in the south east of the Niger. Nine basin oasis have ... [more ▼]

Despite the new context of the land-law with the land committee, the property owner depends on the traditional law. This paper shows the land system in the south east of the Niger. Nine basin oasis have selected in function of the food system and the proof of the phreatic table. An investigation with 105 producters has showed the description and the analysis of the land access and the conflicts. The analysis shows the strong influence of traditional authorities and the lack of operationalization of COFOB. Finally, the conflicts are generalized between many actors (farmers, pastoralists and agro-pastoralists) and settlement is done mainly by conciliation. Furthermore, the disparity between the men and the women land access is very important. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe future impacts on downstream communities: A case study of the multipurpose Nam Mang 3 hydropower Project in Lao PDR
Kouangpalath, Phimthong ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Ducourtieux, Olivier

in Sky Journal of Agricultural Research (2016), 5(6), 105-128

Considering future projects, this paper examines the effects of hydropower dam projects on downstream communities. This study was conducted in the multi-purpose hydropower and irrigated areas of the Nam ... [more ▼]

Considering future projects, this paper examines the effects of hydropower dam projects on downstream communities. This study was conducted in the multi-purpose hydropower and irrigated areas of the Nam Mang 3 hydropower. Using a survey study with various stakeholders, household survey, several interviews were held with key informants in addition to field work observation. It was determined that this project has caused a number of negative impacts on farmers, especially those in downstream areas, directly concerned water releases from dam and affecting the benefits from irrigation. The main findings show that farmers are able to grow a second season of rice crops, but the electricity generated in the rainy season from the dam leads to the rice fields flooding along the downstream areas. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDémographie et performances zootechniques des élevages bovins traditionnels au Nord Bénin
Chabi Toko, Roukayath ULg; Adégbidi, Anselme; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Revue d'Elévage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux (2016), 69(1), 33-39

The study was conducted with 150 Fulani herders in the departments of Borgu and Alibori in Benin. It aimed to determine the zootechnical parameters of traditional cattle farms. The survey collected ... [more ▼]

The study was conducted with 150 Fulani herders in the departments of Borgu and Alibori in Benin. It aimed to determine the zootechnical parameters of traditional cattle farms. The survey collected information on the characteristics of cattle herds. The results showed a high proportion of females (76%), an average herd size (66 animals) and the prevalence of the Borgu breed (86%). The herds also showed a low breeding performance, characterized by a high calf mortality rate (10%), and low reproductive parameters (64% calving and fertility rates). In a year, 0.57 calf was weaned on average by its dam. The low performance of cattle farms in coastal countries such as Benin is consistent with that of pastoral areas, which is complementary in terms of meat supply to West African markets. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa filière fonio en Afrique de l’ouest: analyse des potentialites
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 90 (23 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa résilience des ménages face aux changements climatiques dans la région de Maradi au Niger : le cas de la Régénération Naturelle Assistée
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Sambo, Bodé; Saidou, Laminou et al

Conference (2016, June 02)

Face à une dégradation de l’environnement et à l’accroissement des chocs conjoncturels et structurels dans la région de Maradi, la population de la zone a développé des stratégies afin de lutter contre ... [more ▼]

Face à une dégradation de l’environnement et à l’accroissement des chocs conjoncturels et structurels dans la région de Maradi, la population de la zone a développé des stratégies afin de lutter contre les risques de vulnérabilité à l’insécurité alimentaire et la pauvreté. En effet, les nombreuses crises climatiques et alimentaires ont induit le développement de stratégies extrêmes de la population telles que la coupe abusive du couvert ligneux (Andres L. et Lebailly Ph., 2013). Or, ces coupes ont fragilisé un environnement sahélien aux ressources souvent limitées. En outre, la démographie des zones du sud de Maradi, dépassant les 100 habitants au kilomètre carré (hab/km²), accroit la pression sur l’environnement, le morcellement et la saturation des parcelles agricoles familiales (Andres L. et Lebailly Ph., 2013 ; Populin M. et al, 2015). Toutefois, de nombreuses mesures ont été mises en place afin d’accroitre la résilience environnementale des populations. En effet, depuis 1980, les projets financés par le Fond International de Développement Agricole (FIDA) ont introduit la Régénération Naturelle Assistée (RNA) dans la zone de Maradi (Adam T. et al., 2006). Celle-ci est une méthode d’agroforesterie participative valorisant les rejets d’arbustes ligneux endogènes permettant une reconstitution du couvert ligneux des parcelles agricoles (Botoni E. et al., 2005). La RNA a induit depuis 30 ans un effet inverse permettant d’améliorer l’environnement, le couvert ligneux (fertilité des sols, protection contre le vent, ombrage) mais aussi les revenus et conditions de vie des ménages. Dans le cadre d’un partenariat scientifique avec le Programme Niger-FIDA, une étude des impacts socioéconomiques a été réalisée dans un village de la région de Maradi. La présente étude, réalisée entre juin et novembre 2015, repose sur des entretiens auprès de personnes ressources et des enquêtes semi-structurées. L’objectif du présent article est de dégager une analyse et synthèse des impacts socioéconomiques d’une stratégie telle que la RNA permettant d’accroitre la résilience environnementale des ménages. L’article souligne, à l’aide d’un cas concret (la RNA), l’importance de diversifier et de renforcer les stratégies des ménages afin d’accroitre la résilience et de permettre aux ménages de s’intégrer dans une logique de développement durable au sein d’une communauté. La résilience environnementale est définie comme étant les différentes capacités et stratégies des ménages à faire face aux incertitudes et risques environnementaux (Lallau B., 2011). Les résultats démontrent de nombreux impacts socioéconomiques comme l’accroissement des rendements agricoles, l’accroissement de la disponibilité en bois destiné à l’énergie, l’accroissement de la valeur foncière des parcelles pratiquant la RNA, et l’accroissement du fourrage ligneux (Bayala J et al., 2003 ; Dramé Yayé A., Berti F., 2008). D’autres impacts socioéconomiques difficilement quantifiables tels que la pharmacopée, le bois de construction et l’artisanat seront aussi décrits. Le présent article abordera les risques qu’encourent les ménages d’une zone fragile comme la région de Maradi. En outre, l’article s’attachera à décrire la population de ces zones et leurs nombreuses stratégies d’adaptation en vue d’accroitre sa résilience face aux nombreux risques de chocs conjoncturels et structurels. Ensuite, le présent article décrira la RNA dans la zone d’étude et ses impacts socio-économiques. Fort de cette analyse et des résultats démontrant le renforcement des capacités à lutter contre des chocs environnementaux, l’article soulignera l’importance de développer une méthode participative se basant sur un savoir local et permettant d’accroitre la résilience des ménages de la région de Maradi. Enfin, il tentera, à l’aide de l’exemple de la RNA, d’insister sur le développement de stratégies diversifiant les capacités des ménages et s’intégrant dans une logique de développement communautaire. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 116 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa production fourragère dans la gestion des ressources naturelles de la région de Maradi (Niger) : Impacts et méthodologies d'évaluation possibles de la Régénération Naturelle Assistée
Sambo, Bodé; Andres, Ludovic ULg; Populin, Martha et al

in Revue scientifique semestrielle territoires, sociétés et environnement (2016), 007(Juin 2016),

Depuis 30 ans, le Fonds international de Développement Agricole (FIDA) pratique la Régénération Naturelle Assistée (RNA) dans la région de Maradi. Celle-ci est définie comme étant une pratique ... [more ▼]

Depuis 30 ans, le Fonds international de Développement Agricole (FIDA) pratique la Régénération Naturelle Assistée (RNA) dans la région de Maradi. Celle-ci est définie comme étant une pratique agroforestière de valorisation des espèces ligneuses locales et présente de nombreux atouts comme l’accroissement de la fertilité des sols, l’accroissement du potentiel fourrager et la production de bois. En effet, la RNA à Maradi présente de nombreux impacts permettant de lutter contre la dégradation de l’environnement et d’améliorer les conditions de vie des ménages. Le présent article tente de développer une méthodologie et de démontrer le potentiel en fourrage ligneux aérien produit dans les parcelles agricoles grâce à la RNA. L’article décrit une méthodologie originale à partir des résultats de recherche sur la RNA et intègre celle-ci dans le bilan fourrager défini par le ministère de l’élevage. La méthodologie développée pourrait mettre en évidence un accroissement des bilans. Toutefois, nombreuses sont les hypothèses qui ont mené à la réalisation de la méthode de travail. Celles-ci mériteraient d’être explorées et confrontées plus amplement aux réalités du terrain afin de les confirmer ou infirmer. L’intégration du fourrage ligneux aérien, même sous l’objet de plusieurs hypothèses contraignantes, souligne l’accroissement du disponible fourrager et reflète d’avantage la réalité sur le terrain. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnalyse de la main d’œuvre dans la riziculture de la plaine de la Ruzizi des pays de la CEPGL
Furaha Mirindi, Germaine ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016, June)

Le salariat agricole se développe et les exploitations agricoles y ont de plus en plus recours, notamment dans la riziculture traditionnellement familiale. Jusque-là peu de travaux s’y sont intéressés ... [more ▼]

Le salariat agricole se développe et les exploitations agricoles y ont de plus en plus recours, notamment dans la riziculture traditionnellement familiale. Jusque-là peu de travaux s’y sont intéressés alors qu’il permet de repenser le fonctionnement des exploitations et d’assurer dans certains cas leur reproduction. Nous proposons ici de nous intéresser au salariat, du point de vu des exploitants rizicoles et d’identifier les facteurs qui influencent le recours à la main d’œuvre salariale locale et étrangère selon le cas. L’étude se base sur les données des enquêtes menées auprès de 240 exploitants rizicoles choisis à partir de la méthode des quotas sur la base d'une stratification des exploitations rizicoles et 60 salariés agricoles choisis de manière aléatoire et répartis de manière équitable entre les trois pays. La main d’œuvre agricole est relativement jeune à prédominance masculine. Alors que dans les sites rwandais et burundais, la main d’œuvre locative est locale, dans le site congolais, on y observe un certain flux de la main d’œuvre car 72% de la main d’œuvre travaillant dans les exploitations rizicoles est étrangère dont 47% en provenance du Burundi et 25% en provenance du Rwanda. A partir du test de Levene et celui de Brown et Forsythe, pour les riziculteurs congolais, les facteurs qui influence le recours à la main d’œuvre étrangère sont notamment la superficie rizicole exploitée, une main d’œuvre étrangère bon marché, la facilité d’accès aux intrants bon marché, l’insuffisance de la main d’œuvre locale. En plus, cette main d’œuvre joue un rôle crucial dans la cohésion des peuples dans un contexte post -conflits. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMobilité pastorale au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest : essai de synthèse
HIYA MAIDAWA, Moustapha; Andres, Ludovic ULg; yamba, boubacar et al

Conference (2016, January)

La mobilité pastorale joue un rôle important dans la vie socio-économique des populations au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest. Cependant, à travers la littérature, on perçoit la mobilité comme responsable ... [more ▼]

La mobilité pastorale joue un rôle important dans la vie socio-économique des populations au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest. Cependant, à travers la littérature, on perçoit la mobilité comme responsable de la dégradation de l’environnement, l’émission de gaz à effet de serre, la désertification, la faible performance économique, etc. (AUBREVILLE A, 1949 ; HUBERT H, 1920; LAMPREY H, 1975). Toutefois, à partir de la fin des années 1990 un nouvel regard s’est orienté vers l’élevage mobile avec son rôle dans la lutte contre la désertification et le maintien de la biodiversité (BOURBOUZE A. et al, 2002 ; EL AICH A, WATERHOUSE A, 1999). Cette synthèse bibliographique tente de dégager le rôle et la place de la mobilité pastorale dans la vie socio-économique et environnementale au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest. De plus, cette synthèse fait ressortir le lien entre la mobilité et les mutations foncières que vivent le pastoralisme et la mobilité au Sahel. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 153 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDeterminants of rice production in remote areas of Vietnam: a case study in Lao Cai province
Bui Thi Lam, ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Tran Huu, Cuong

in Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES); Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA) (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference "Agriculture Development in the Context of International Integration: Opportunities and Challenges". December 7-8, 2016, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

Seng Cu rice, a special product in the Northwestern region of Vietnam, provides high economic value and it is one of the main crops for poverty reduction and rural development. Lao Cai, a moutainous ... [more ▼]

Seng Cu rice, a special product in the Northwestern region of Vietnam, provides high economic value and it is one of the main crops for poverty reduction and rural development. Lao Cai, a moutainous province, has various natural advantages for growing Seng Cu rice such as soil, climate, water resource and so on. However, Seng Cu rice production are facing with several challenges including: (i) low investment; (ii) poor farming practices; (iii) weak linkages between farmers and input/output suppliers; (iv) lack of supporting services regarding to agricultural extension and technology; (v) poor economic infrastructure. The main reasons mentioned above caused to low productivity produced at 60% of the potential, low income and high poverty rate at 50%, especially in upland communes the province. Besides, smallholder farmers have high levels of food insecurity and unsustainable livelihood. This paper aims to review the reasons why smallholder farmers in the region fail to plant Seng Cu rice. Then, various recommendations will be proposed to increase productivity and price for smallholders to improve incomes and living standard for the local farmers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparative analysis of agricultural production systems performances: case of millet and sorghum in Mali
Sissoko, Penda ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Kovacevic, Dusan (Ed.) VII International Scientific Agriculture Symposium “AGROSYM 2016”, Jahorina, October 06-09, 2016 : book of proceedings (2016)

This study was carried out to compare the performances of agricultural production systems based on millet and sorghum in Sahelian and sudano-Sahelian areas of Mali in 2014. The two systems compared were ... [more ▼]

This study was carried out to compare the performances of agricultural production systems based on millet and sorghum in Sahelian and sudano-Sahelian areas of Mali in 2014. The two systems compared were production techniques of micro-dosing fertilizer and traditional cropping called conventional cropping system of millet and sorghum. One hundred and eight farmers (108) were selected and interviewed in the two areas. The techniques of micro-dosing used were manual and mechanical fertilizers distribution. The tools used for analysis were descriptive statistics (frequency, average, standard deviation) and analytical method (ANOVA). The software’s used were EXCEL, SPSS 20 and STAGRAPHICS. The results of this survey show significant differences of mean at the plots levels. The production system based on fertilizer micro-dosing techniques is more efficient than traditional system of millet and sorghum through high yielding, lowing costs of fertilizers, diminution of farming operation work times and, high net profit at the plot level. The percent of yield obtained with manual technique is 41% and 52% with mechanical distribution (placement) for millet and respectively for sorghum 45% and 56%. The calculated cost ratio values (CRV>1) show that micro-dosing techniques are profitable for millet and sorghum production. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (16 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailContribution of urban agriculture at household level in northern Vietnam: Case study in Trau Quy town, Gia Lam district, Hanoi city
Mai Lan, Phuong; Nguyen Phuong, Le; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development (2016), 6(12), 229-239

Similar to many developing countries, urbanization has been happening in Vietnam with bigger scale and higher speed for two recent decades. Urbanization has strongly impacted on livelihood of people those ... [more ▼]

Similar to many developing countries, urbanization has been happening in Vietnam with bigger scale and higher speed for two recent decades. Urbanization has strongly impacted on livelihood of people those who used to be farmers. These new urban residents are facing with lack of employment, food insecurity and food unsafety. Based on quantitative and qualitative data which have been collected from 40 households by survey, in-depth interview and group-focused discussion, this study tries to show that agriculture still plays important roles in socio-economic lives of households in Trau Quy town where most of farmers have been turned into non-farmers and they lost almost all their farmland due to urbanization. The research results witness that, for economic aspect, urban agriculture contributes to households? income, food security, food safety, and creates job opportunities for family labours, especially for those who cannot find off-farm jobs in labour market. Regard with social aspect, livelihood security and maintenance of traditional social networks are considered as significant roles of urban agriculture. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRice and shrimp farming in the Xuan Thuy National Park: sustainable and unsustainable practices
Nguyen Thi Trang Nhung, ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Tran Huu, Cuong

in Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA); Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference "Agriculture Development in the Context of International Integration: Opportunities and Challenges". December 7-8, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

Agricultural and aquaculture patterns in Xuan Thuy National Park mainly consists of rice planting and shrimp aquaculture (intensive and semi-intensive). Currently, there are about 11,899 rice households ... [more ▼]

Agricultural and aquaculture patterns in Xuan Thuy National Park mainly consists of rice planting and shrimp aquaculture (intensive and semi-intensive). Currently, there are about 11,899 rice households covering 1,873.07 ha, 215 semi-intensive shrimp households occupying 1,730.7 ha and 40 intensive households amounting to 90 ha in the Ramsar site. The local farmers produce 14,411 ton of rice, 450 ton of intensive shrimp and 516 tonof semi-intensive shrimp. Thus, rice and shrimp contribute significantly to local food basket and economy but it is overshadowed by environmental concerns. This paper aims to focus on reviews how farmers practice rice and shrimp at the international important location. It finds some inappropriate management practices regarding to monoculture, use of fertilizer, pesticide, antibiotic and other drugs, and water effluent systems. In addition, almost of respondents aware of water discharge from rice areas after spraying pesticide is the most serious constraint for their shrimp and the effluent from shrimp ponds make pollution for the environment. Lesson learned from review are considered in the context of recommendations to apply effective management measures to mitigate the unsustainable practices. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSmallholder farming and youth’s aspirations: Case study in Bacninh province, Red River Delta, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULg; Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016)

Smallholder farming which is the important source of employment as well as food security, has become a priority on the development agenda, focusing attention on the next generation of farmers. However ... [more ▼]

Smallholder farming which is the important source of employment as well as food security, has become a priority on the development agenda, focusing attention on the next generation of farmers. However, emerging researches show that even though youth have potential qualities to promote agriculture, most of them appear reluctant to enter farming. The study aimed at finding out the determinants which influence rural youth participation in agriculture, and identified conditions under which capable youth being interested in agriculture. Based on the empirical findings in a village in Bacninh province through systematic survey and interviews, the study revealed that that age, sex, marital status, education level, family background, as well as the ability of rural credit facilities and land access are important factors associated with rural youth’s participation in agricultural activities. Furthermore, the perception on agriculture as a heavy work, low income and low status made farming unattractive prospect for many. The analysis suggests that factors new information communication technologies and associates desire for consumption have influence on decisions about farming choice. Moreover, majority of the respondents were attracted to invest independent in their own farms rather than being employed as agricultural labour or involved in family farms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMigration, Remittance and Gender Empowered: Case study in Bacninh province, Red River Delta, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULg; Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2016)

This research explores gender differences in migration patterns, income, remittance-sending behavior, gender differences in access to and utilization of remittance-sending services and channels, and the ... [more ▼]

This research explores gender differences in migration patterns, income, remittance-sending behavior, gender differences in access to and utilization of remittance-sending services and channels, and the relationship between gender and the management and utilization of remittances. The research findings are based on a survey in Bacninh province, Red River Delta of Vietnam show that the proportion of men and women participated in migration was relatively balanced (50.6% and 49.4% respectively). Majority of migrants is young and married with high educated. The largest proportion of migrants (69.4%) participated in daily shift type of migration who is mostly working in the Industrial zones. While male migrants prefer high income job, females search for the stability. However, even though the earning of women migrants is lower than men, they are more likely saving and sending remittance higher in compared with their male counterpart. Remittances play an active role in contributing towards improved living conditions and the economic development of rural households. More than nine out of 10 female and male migrants interviewed feel that the economic condition of their families has improved through their labour migration, with women being somewhat more optimistic. Remittances are used for different purposes, but are mainly spent on daily living expenses, while education and medical expenses also represent a major expense. More than half of both female and male migrants feel that their position of power within their families has improved through their economic contributions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDevelopment of rice vermicelli processing in Dinh Ke and Thu Duong traditional craft villages, Bac Giang province
Le Thi Long, Vy; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Economics & Development (2016), 229(II (07/2016)), 60-66

This study aims at analyzing the development processes of rice vermicelli in Dinh Ke and Thu Duong villages of Bac Giang province. The authors conducted a survey with 66 households involving rice ... [more ▼]

This study aims at analyzing the development processes of rice vermicelli in Dinh Ke and Thu Duong villages of Bac Giang province. The authors conducted a survey with 66 households involving rice vermicelli production and 51 households who did not involve. In combination with in-depth interviews with representative leaders of "Cooperative of production and trading of rice vermicelli in Dinh Ke" and "Association of production and consumption of Chu vermicelli in Luc Ngan district", the data indicated that not only did the development of traditional craft villages bring high income for farm households but they also helped to conserve Vietnam cuisine culture. In order to develop traditional craft villages, it is necessary to re-establish linkages from a production stage to marketing of products, to ensure adequate facilities for drying products, and to impose strong sanction to deal with illegal trading. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe dynamic pathways of agrarian change in the Red River Delta of Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULg; Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA); Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference "Agriculture Development in the Context of International Integration: Opportunities and Challenges". Vietnam National University of Agriculture, December 7-8, 2016, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

Even though agricultural production has not been the main source of income for rural households in Red River Delta, yet farming remains an important livelihood and security for many rural people. The ... [more ▼]

Even though agricultural production has not been the main source of income for rural households in Red River Delta, yet farming remains an important livelihood and security for many rural people. The empirical findings from fieldwork in a village in the Red River Delta of Vietnam show how dependence on agriculture is determined by family context, including land, education and job of household members, their gender and age. Most educated young people have successfully found employment opportunities outside in the village as migratory wage labour, and have capacity to attain higher social status and become rural entrepreneurs. While less educated and older villagers consider agriculture as a more favorable alternative and valuable security. Besides, maintenance agricultural production at reasonable level and return to traditional cultivation is also considered as a rural household strategy coping with food security in industrialization and rural-urban linkage. Diverse and special extended livelihoods are contributed by historical, cultural and economic specificities which are conditioned for rural transformation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailContract Farming as a Determinant of Promoting Tea Marketing Channels for Small Producers in Phu Tho Province
Le Thi Kim, Oanh ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton; Tran Huu, Cuong et al

in International Review of Research in Emerging Markets and the Global Economy (2016), 2(4), 955-972

Contract farming between farmers and firms plays an important role in promoting access to the markets for small producers, especially in the less developed and developing countries. It is shown that ... [more ▼]

Contract farming between farmers and firms plays an important role in promoting access to the markets for small producers, especially in the less developed and developing countries. It is shown that contract farming provides farmers with the stable sale of their crops and agrobusiness firms with a steady supply of agricultural products required by the market. This paper focuses on analyzing benefits of tea producers that sign contracts with companies in term of tea marketing channels. By analyzing the data collected through 110 surveyed farmers in Thanh Son and Doan Hung districts in Phu Tho province, the study found that contract farmers received lower price than non contract farmers did in exchange for higher stability of price and better market access. As a result, it is highly recommended that small tea farmers should participate in contract farming in Phu Tho Province, Vietnam. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)