References of "Lebailly, Philippe"
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See detailInfluence des représentations sociales de l’environnement sur l’adoption des pratiques durables de production. Une contribution à partir du système de production de coton biologique au Bénin
Assogba, Sonagnon Claude-Gervais ULg; Tossou, Cocou Rigobert; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Oriental and African Studies (2014), 23

Le présent article est une contribution à l’analyse des facteurs qui déterminent le comportement des producteurs dans l’odoption des pratiques durables de production de coton au Bénin. Il s’appuie sur une ... [more ▼]

Le présent article est une contribution à l’analyse des facteurs qui déterminent le comportement des producteurs dans l’odoption des pratiques durables de production de coton au Bénin. Il s’appuie sur une recherche menée auprès des biocotonculteurs de la commune de Kandi dans le bassin cotonnier du Nord-Bénin. L’objectif visé est de caractériser les représentations sociales des producteurs de l’environnement et de mieux cerner en quoi elles déterminent leur comportement dans l’appropriation du système de production de coton biologique. Les données ont été collectées auprès d’un échantillon de 188 producteurs sélectionnés à partir d’une typologie à dires d’acteurs, basée sur les critères endogènes de prospérité. L’approche structurale des représentations sociales et le test d’indépendance de chi 2 ont été utilisés à cet effet. Il ressort des résultats et analyses que les producteurs de coton biologique ont une vision anthropocentrique et utilitariste de l’environnement qu’ils perçoivent comme un réservoir pourvoyeur des ressources nécessaires pour leur survie. L’adhésion des producteurs au programme de production de coton biologique est sous-tendue par des motivations d’abord économiques (40%) puis environnementales (18%) et sociales (11%). Il est apparu que le type de comportement adopté par le producteur dans la mise en œuvre des pratiques de production biologique est davantage lié aux facteurs qui motivent son adhésion. Aussi, avons-nous montré que les producteurs qui respectent mieux les exigences du système de production biologique sont ceux dont l’adhésion est principalement mue par des considérations environnementales. [less ▲]

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See detailLe zonage de l’insécurité alimentaire du Système d’Alerte Précoce au Niger : l’indice de vulnérabilité
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Actes du Premier Colloque de l'université de Parakou (2013, November 27)

La République du Niger a mis en place à partir de 1989 le Système d’Alerte Précoce (SAP) à cause des crises alimentaires récurrentes. L’objectif du SAP vise à prévenir et gérer les crises alimentaires. La ... [more ▼]

La République du Niger a mis en place à partir de 1989 le Système d’Alerte Précoce (SAP) à cause des crises alimentaires récurrentes. L’objectif du SAP vise à prévenir et gérer les crises alimentaires. La prévention des crises alimentaires est réalisée en décrivant l’état de l’insécurité alimentaire par département. Il est évalué par un indice composite construit à partir de données secondaires récoltées par des fiches d’identification durant le mois d’octobre. L’objectif de l’article est de décrire la méthode d’évaluation de l’indice et d’étudier l’évolution de l’indice de vulnérabilité. L’étude de l’évolution de l’indice de vulnérabilité du SAP est réalisée grâce à l’étude d’une série chronologique. Les tendances évolutives seront caractérisées pour la période allant de 1992 à 2011, soit l’évolution de l’indice sur vingt ans. L’étude de l’indice du SAP nous permettra de valider les observations que nous avons déjà réalisées dans certains articles abordant les méthodes d’évaluation de la vulnérabilité alimentaire. Le zonage géographique des indices des 37 départements du Niger montre une différence entre les départements pastoraux, agropastoraux et agricoles (Andres L. et Lebailly Ph., 2011a ; Andres L. et Lebailly Ph., 2011b ; Andres L. et Lebailly Ph., 2012 ; Andres L., 2012). En outre, nos résultats démontreront l’aspect conjoncturel des crises alimentaires sans montrer une tendance générale en fonction des départements et des systèmes de production même si les départements présentent une résilience. [less ▲]

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See detailIntensification durable de l’agriculture au Bénin, mythe ou réalité ? Une analyse à partir des systèmes de coton biologique et Cotton made in Africa.
Assogba, Sonagnon Claude-Gervais ULg; Tossou, Cocou Rigobert; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2013, November)

In agriculture, the concept of sustainable development emergence and its omnipresence in political discourses suggests that farming systems move toward systems considered as more environment-friendly and ... [more ▼]

In agriculture, the concept of sustainable development emergence and its omnipresence in political discourses suggests that farming systems move toward systems considered as more environment-friendly and human health-friendly. In Benin, cotton is one of the most sectors concerned by this transformation. Indeed, in spite of the importance of cotton in the economy of Benin, its sustainable production is nowadays threatened by conventional production approach. Various alternatives of production are developed and considered as more environment-friendly than the conventional production approach. This article analyses the sustainability of the organic and cotton made in Africa (CmiA) farming alternatives from the sustainable agricultural intensification theoretical perspective. Structured and non-structured interviews with individuals and focus groups were used to collect data from 90 organic cotton farmers of the municipality of Kandi, and 100 CmiA farmers of the municipality of Pehunco, one of the largest areas of cotton production in the North of Benin. Data were analyzed with methods of normative and relativist comparison, descriptive statistics and analysis of variance. Kolmogorov-Smirnov (K-S) test was used to verify the normality conditions and in some cases, logarithmic transformation was done to test the variance homogeneity. The comparison of means was done with the test of Least Significant Difference. It appears from the results that in the current condition of implementation, the alternatives system to conventional cotton production approach are not intensively sustainable. Soils fertility and pests’ management face enormous constraints and do not allow improvement of yields, economic performances, and environment protection. So, the sustainability of the alternative systems of cotton production is not guaranteed and can hardly become a reality if additional relevant conditions are not created. [less ▲]

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See detailPastoral dynamics in the Region of Diffa (Niger) : a descriptive analysis of livestock capital
Rouchet, François ULg; Abdoulkadri, Laouali; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2013, October 05)

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See detailAn agro-economic characterization of the Niger household : case of Tahoua
Moussa dit Kalamou, Mahamadou ULg; Andres, Ludovic ULg; Rouchet, François ULg et al

in Kovacevic, Dusan (Ed.) Book of Abstracts Fourth International Scientific Symposium "AgroSym 2013" (2013, October)

Since the big drought of 1984, the department of Tahoua in the Republic of Niger is very vulnerable on structural and temporal disruptions. The food vulnerability is defined as “the analysis of coping ... [more ▼]

Since the big drought of 1984, the department of Tahoua in the Republic of Niger is very vulnerable on structural and temporal disruptions. The food vulnerability is defined as “the analysis of coping strategies and reactions faced with the structural or/and temporary shocks, if the coping strategies are not effectives, the people are in a temporary or structural situation of food vulnerability” (Andres L., Lebailly Ph., 2011a; Andres L., Lebailly Ph., 2011b; Andres L., 2012). The environment is much degraded by the wind and water erosion. Despite many opportunities to develop the rural sector, the region of Tahoua has a structural problem because the income is not very high and the major part of the population is poor. This paper analyzes the population of the region of Tahoua in function of these agro-economic characteristics. The target is to classify the population in relation to the agro-ecologic system, food system. Each class is defined and characterized by a global description of the agricultural system and the sources of income. The paper is based on a survey realized during 2010 and 2011. The investigations have interviewed 420 heads of household. The results are obtained from Excel and SPSS software. The statistical analysis is a cluster hierarchization, comparison of mean and the descriptive statistics. The results show a difference between the north (pastoral) and the south (agricultural) of the region of Tahoua. But the major constraint is the degradation of the land and the weak fertility of this land. [less ▲]

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See detailAn agro-economic characterizaton of the Niger household : case of Tahoua
Rouchet, François ULg; Moussa dit Kalamou, Mahamoudou; Andres, Ludovic ULg et al

Conference (2013, October)

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See detailInterview pour capacity4dev.eu (EuropeAid) : Follow-up to Asian Agricultural Development
Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2013)

In this video Mr Lebailly discusses the double sidedness of south-east Asian agriculture: intensive agriculture for exportation with foreign investment, versus family farming. Intensive agriculture has a ... [more ▼]

In this video Mr Lebailly discusses the double sidedness of south-east Asian agriculture: intensive agriculture for exportation with foreign investment, versus family farming. Intensive agriculture has a negative externality on the environment; it is not taken into account and is easily delocalisable. He goes on to say that rural development should improve the value chain to respond to local demand. Finally Mr Lebailly concluded with an interesting example of litchi production: public investment has been made for agri-food processing. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de l'évolution de la consommation de plats préparés en Belgique
Winandy, Stéphane ULg; De Fays, Maud; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(4), 593-603

This study aims to analyze the evolution of the consumption of ready-made food in Belgium and to discern any trends. The data used are expenditure made on convenience food from 1999 and 2009 (in euros ... [more ▼]

This study aims to analyze the evolution of the consumption of ready-made food in Belgium and to discern any trends. The data used are expenditure made on convenience food from 1999 and 2009 (in euros) and socio-demographic characteristics, obtained from the Household Budget Survey undertaken annually by the Federal Public Service Economy (DGSIE). Statistical analyses (simple, multiple and binary logistic regressions) enable the study of consumption trends in terms of exependiture and percentage of consumers as well as the determination of consumer profiles. Convenience food is part of the eating habits of Belgian households, with more than nine out of ten households being consumers. Convenience food prepared from meat is the most frequently purchased. For all ready-made food, the variable of household size explains the most variability in consumption, followed by the variables of income and age. [less ▲]

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See detailRural resilience and the role of social capital among farmers in Kirundo Province, Northern Burundi
Minani, Bonaventure ULg; Rurema, Déo-Guide; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in APSTRACT Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce (2013), 7(2-3), 121-125

In Burundi, more than 90% of the active population is engaged in family agriculture, which plays a vital role in food production and constitutes more than 50% of the GDP. Before the civil war of 1993 ... [more ▼]

In Burundi, more than 90% of the active population is engaged in family agriculture, which plays a vital role in food production and constitutes more than 50% of the GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo was deemed the "breadbasket of the country", as the region fed many parts of Burundi through growing particular foods such as legumes and cereals. Family farming was market-oriented. Kirundo alone includes 8 lakes which offer opportunities for field irrigation. Today, this region is the first province in Burundi which shows a high rate of malnutrition, as poverty has increased and a sharp 53.9 % decline in agricultural production has been witnessed between 1996 and 2009. The aim of this article is to analyse the role of social capital through the local association network in improving family agriculture and the resilience to climate change and conflict crisis. In this study, 73 farmers were surveyed in Kirundo province through means of a questionnaire, and the study was completed by collecting secondary data. Analysis of the data reveals that, despite recurrent droughts in that region which caused deaths due to famines and displacement of people to neighbouring countries such as Rwanda and Tanzania, 44% of the farmers who were surveyed were shown to have resilience to climate change. The analysis of data shows that these farmers were members of well organised local associations, and had learned about specific topics such as financial management, processing and storage of agricultural products and livestock. The social capital network positively influences their income and their resilience to climate change and conflict crisis. [less ▲]

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See detailThe relation between the coping strategies and the state of food insecurity in the Republic of Niger
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2013, June 26)

The Niger’s rural population represents 80 percent of the total population. This very high percentage creates an important pressure over the environment because of the high density of population. Indeed ... [more ▼]

The Niger’s rural population represents 80 percent of the total population. This very high percentage creates an important pressure over the environment because of the high density of population. Indeed, the agricultural favorable area is equivalent to a third of the total area of Niger. This area is located in the South of Niger over a strip 300 kilometers of broad. Furthermore, the rural population is subjected to the temporal and structural disruptions. The temporal shocks are defined by the “natural” disruptions such as the hydrometeorological disruption, etc. The structural disruptions are caused by the chronicle difficulties (low income, etc.). The capacity to struggle against the disruptions is defined by the resilience (Lhomme et al., 2010). The resilience is illustrated and assessed by the different coping strategies practiced by the Niger’s rural population. The target of the paper is to demonstrate the state of food insecurity and the coping strategies developed in the departments of Niger. The state of food insecurity and the coping strategy index are calculated as from the data of an annual survey realized by the Early Alert System (EAS) and the Statistical National Institute of Niger (INS). This survey investigates around 10.000 households in December 2009 and April 2010. The sample is extrapolated to estimate the number of people suffering from food insecurity per department. The paper illustrates the state of food insecurity of each department and coping strategy index of the departments. The results will demonstrate the differences between departments. The answers of the paper at the following question: Which are the most vulnerable departments and what is the situation of the coping strategies index in each department? This paper creates also a typology bringing together the same departments in comparison with the coping strategies and the state of food insecurity. [less ▲]

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See detailThe coping strategies to fight against the food insecurity in the Republic of Niger
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Poster (2013, June 06)

During the last decade, the Niger’s population has been affected by the food crisis (2001, 2004-2005, 2008, 2010-2011). Each year, she is subjected to many structural and temporary shocks. The structural ... [more ▼]

During the last decade, the Niger’s population has been affected by the food crisis (2001, 2004-2005, 2008, 2010-2011). Each year, she is subjected to many structural and temporary shocks. The structural shocks are caused by the chronicle difficulties (income) while the temporary shocks are tied at the "natural" disasters such as the hydrometeorological disasters, demographic crisis. The risk that the people fall in a state of food insecurity because of structural and temporary shocks is characterized by food vulnerability. The food vulnerability is defined as “the analysis of coping strategies and reactions faced with the structural or/and temporary shocks, if the coping strategies are not effectives, the people have in a temporary or structural food vulnerability” (Andres L. and Lebailly Ph., 2011). The target of this paper is to demonstrate the diversity of coping strategies in the different departments of Niger. The database is created as from an annual survey realized by the Early Alert System (EAS) and the Statistical National Institute of Niger (INS). This survey characterizes the state of food insecurity of households of Niger. The investigations of the household are based on stratified sampling. It exists two levels: region and enumeration areas. The investigations of the household are based from the database of the population census of 2001. This population census has determined the “enumeration areas”. These “enumeration areas” are defined as a “geographical area of 200 households on average” (INS, 2007). The sample of this investigation is established from a significant sample a point of view of the departments of Niger. The time period studied is spread the 2008 at 2011. The results have demonstrated that the departments of Tchintarabaden, Abalak, Tessaoua and Magaria have weakest number of collective meals, and the highest percentage of household practicing of selling the goods and land. Furthermore, the Niger’s population develops many strategies to struggle against the shocks. [less ▲]

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See detailLe financement rural du Niger, élément clé du développement
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2013, June 06)

The Niger economy is mainly based on the rural sector such as the agricultural and breeding activities. Indeed, 80 percent of population is rural. The agricultural financing is a necessary condition to ... [more ▼]

The Niger economy is mainly based on the rural sector such as the agricultural and breeding activities. Indeed, 80 percent of population is rural. The agricultural financing is a necessary condition to increase the livelihood of the rural populations. The paper establishes a typology of the rural financing mode. This typology identifies the strengths and weaknesses of the financing actors (public and private). In conclusion, the real demand isn’t satisfied because the rural financing stay weak on account of the high risk and the higher costs linked with the agricultural activities. [less ▲]

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See detailRole of KOPAKAMA in promoting socio-economic development of coffee farmers
Gisaro Ca-Madeberi, Ya-Bititi ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg et al

in International NGO Journal (2013), 8(3), 61-67

Coffee is the main source of income for a large number of households and provides major foreign currencies for the national economy. Although it covers only 6.3% of cultivated areas, coffee is produced by ... [more ▼]

Coffee is the main source of income for a large number of households and provides major foreign currencies for the national economy. Although it covers only 6.3% of cultivated areas, coffee is produced by 500,000 households in Rwanda. Since its introduction in the country in 1904, coffee has always been operated by individual producers. However, after the liberalization of the coffee sector in 1998, the quantity and quality produced are steadily decreasing which affects the price and the income of coffee growers. To search for a solution, the Rwandan government has striven to consolidate coffee growing cooperatives in different parts of the country by building coffee washing stations (CWS). These stations were mainly meant to help coffee growing cooperatives produce high quality coffee which is competitive on the international markets. The goal is to produce a fully washed coffee, exportable and better valued on the international market, which can provide better income for peasant producers. Coffee washing stations are then seen as tools to produce quality coffee and are mainly run by cooperatives, which are structural elements in the rural world. Through these facilities and structures put in place, jobs are created for coffee producers, loans are granted, farmers are motivated due to the increase of income, the market is guaranteed and the prices become attractive for the members. Thus, the socio-economic welfare of coffee growers is improved, which reduces poverty among coffee growers’ households. This study focuses on the analysis of the role resulting from the structuring action of the peasants through CWS and coffee cooperative KOPAKAMA Rutsiro District, Western Province of Rwanda on the socio-economic development and technical assistance of members and the surrounding world. [less ▲]

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See detailPastoral dynamics in the region of Diffa (Niger) : a descriptive analysis of livestock capital
Laouali, Abdoulkadri ULg; Rouchet, François ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

in Dusan Kovacevic, Kovacevic (Ed.) Book of proceedings - Fourth International Scientific Symposium „Agrosym 2013“ (2013)

Located between the desert zone in the North and the Sahelian zon in the South, the Region of Diffa is a pastoral area par excellence in Niger. Breeding, witch a highly diversified livestock, is the ... [more ▼]

Located between the desert zone in the North and the Sahelian zon in the South, the Region of Diffa is a pastoral area par excellence in Niger. Breeding, witch a highly diversified livestock, is the dominant economic activity in the region. It occupied 95% of the population and contributes annually to 55% in the formation of the region gross domestic production. For understanding the pastoral dynamic a survey of 300 households (150 households witch herd sedentary and 150 witch herd mobile) was conducted during the first semester of 2012. The data analysis is performed from a herd of 15,618 animal heads consisting mainly of small ruminants for both sedentary (72%) and mobile (52%). The herd structure (sedentary and mobile) by age and sex shows on the one hand, the males are early and systematically exploited, all species including, and the reproduction is carried out by a core of female spawners more less stable and dominated by young females, on the other hand. Comparative analysis of compositions and structures of the livestock by agro-ecological zone (Pastoral bowls zone; Komadougou River and Lake Chad zones) reveals zonal disparities particularly in the sedentary livestock system. [less ▲]

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See detailTypologie des exploitations agricoles familiales du territoire de Kipushi/RDC
Tshomba Kalumbu, John; Nkulu Mwine Fyama, Jules; Berti, Fabio ULg et al

Poster (2013)

Ce poster vise à établir la typologie structurelle et fonctionnelle des exploitations agricoles familiales du territoire de Kipushi et à identifier et analyser les facteurs de production susceptibles ... [more ▼]

Ce poster vise à établir la typologie structurelle et fonctionnelle des exploitations agricoles familiales du territoire de Kipushi et à identifier et analyser les facteurs de production susceptibles d’influencer le niveau de compétitivité de cette agriculture périurbaine. [less ▲]

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See detailL’agriculture périurbaine de la ville de Kinshasa et les revenus des maraîchers
Masiala Bode, Mabu; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Poster (2013)

Ce poster vise à étudier la dynamique spatiale du site de Nzeza Nlandu, à déterminer les revenus tirés du maraîchage, à analyser le lien qui existe entre les revenus maraîchers et les superficies ... [more ▼]

Ce poster vise à étudier la dynamique spatiale du site de Nzeza Nlandu, à déterminer les revenus tirés du maraîchage, à analyser le lien qui existe entre les revenus maraîchers et les superficies emblavées et, à faire ressortir la contribution des revenus maraîchers dans les dépenses courantes des ménages exploitants. [less ▲]

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