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See detailNote synthétique sur l'évaluation et le calcul de la vulnérabilité des ménages au Niger : février 2011
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Report (2011)

L’analyse de la vulnérabilité alimentaire suscite une attention toute particulière des bailleurs de fond. En effet, depuis 1990, l’analyse et l’évaluation de celle-ci permet aux différentes institutions ... [more ▼]

L’analyse de la vulnérabilité alimentaire suscite une attention toute particulière des bailleurs de fond. En effet, depuis 1990, l’analyse et l’évaluation de celle-ci permet aux différentes institutions nationales et internationales présentes au Niger d’élaborer leurs stratégies, de cibler les populations ou zones bénéficiaires de leurs interventions ainsi que de prévenir et gérer les crises alimentaires. Cependant, les nombreuses crises alimentaires chroniques du Niger (1996-1997, 2001, 2004-2005, 2009-2010) suscitent néanmoins un certain questionnement quant à l’efficacité et l’efficience de cette évaluation. Cette note décrira certaines méthodologies d’évaluation de la vulnérabilité alimentaire les plus usitées au Niger. Au total, trois méthodologies ont été caractérisées, celle de la Cellule de Coordination du Système d’Alerte Précoce (CC/SAP), de certains Partenaires Techniques et Financiers (Save The Children, Action Contre la Faim, …) et du CC/SAP et de l’Institut National de la Statistique du Niger (INS-Niger). Cette description permettra de mieux cerner les spécificités de chacune d’elles et d’élaborer certaines remarques et recommandations. Ce document introduira, tout d’abord, le concept de vulnérabilité repris dans la littérature. Ensuite, il décrira les différentes méthodologies de calcul et d’évaluation de la vulnérabilité utilisées au Niger. Enfin, ces méthodologies seront analysées et critiquées en vue de présenter des propositions d’améliorations. Il en ressort que le niveau d’analyse de la vulnérabilité doit être affiné d’un point de vue départemental et communal. Il est essentiel de réaliser une distinction entre les ménages urbains et ruraux étant donné la diversité des stratégies opérées par ces ménages. L’évaluation de la vulnérabilité des ménages pastoraux et/ou transhumants devrait être repensée pour améliorer la prise en compte de ceux-ci. La recommandation principale de cette note est d’augmenter le nombre de ménages de l’échantillon d’analyse dans le but de mieux caractériser la vulnérabilité des ménages urbains, ruraux, pastoraux et de produire des indices de vulnérabilité par commune. [less ▲]

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See detailPeasant responses to agricultural land conversion and mechanism of rural social differentiation in Hung Yen province, Northern Vietnam
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Vu Dinh, Ton; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2011)

Agricultural accumulation has been one of the main source determined the social differentiation in Vietnamese countryside. The complexities of agrarian changes under the post - socialist industrialization ... [more ▼]

Agricultural accumulation has been one of the main source determined the social differentiation in Vietnamese countryside. The complexities of agrarian changes under the post - socialist industrialization with high rate of agricultural land conversion in recent context reveal the new forms of capital accumulation and social differentiation. This research investigates how land conversion process to industrial zones and clusters affected to the way that different groups of peasant households accumulate their resources. The study was carried out in 3 districts of Hung Yen province from 2006 to 2010. The study results are as follows: first, the land conversion to industrialization has impact on not only the decline of household landholdings but also the changes value of land which are the sources of social conflicts and informal land transfer. Second, in the context of land conversion to industrialization with tiny plots of land, low return from agricultural production and more opportunities of non-farm activities, even when non-farm employment is very profitable, peasant households are not likely to give up their land but maintaining agricultural production for not only their basic and secure livelihood but also for their identity. Third, among the affected peasant groups, the households with non-farm background tend to be in better position in engaging to high - earning activities. They are likely the rich peasants in opposed to the poor group with farming background and lost more than 50% of their agricultural land. This research has showed that the industrialization policies have to deal with the proportion of agricultural land would be transferred for industrialization zones and other measures in order to limit the conflicts as well as the social differentiation in countryside. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution of livelihood strategy and income of the households in the coastal sandy area of the Central region, Vietnam : the case of Thua Thien Hue Province during period 2003-2008
Nguyen Dang, Hao; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2011)

Based on livelihood approach and using both livelihood strategy participatory assessment and household survey data this study mainly focus on assessment of evolution of livelihood strategy and income of ... [more ▼]

Based on livelihood approach and using both livelihood strategy participatory assessment and household survey data this study mainly focus on assessment of evolution of livelihood strategy and income of households in the Coastal Sandy Zone of Thua Thien Hue Province. Findings indicated that livelihood strategies are very dynamic and considerable difference between the wealth categories of households and among the study sites. Although agriculture –based strategy is one of the most popular among the livelihood strategies there are considerable changes. Thanks to more specialization on livestock - non-farm business – aquaculture the better-off category has increased rapidly their income during 2003-2008 period. By contrast, due to more dependence on food crop, wage work and migration, income of the poor slowly improved at the same period. These findings implicate that in the context of rural development, support policies introduced by government have positively influenced on household income, but these general policies cannot meet the development needs from various locations as well as different household categories because there is marked difference in livelihood assets, human source, landholding, financial and social capitals in particular. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction and processing of canna vermicelli in Hung Yen province toward sustainable development
Le Thi Long, Vy; Do Truong, Lam; Vu Dinh, Ton et al

Conference (2011)

Located in the Red River Delta region, Hung Yen province has 923000 ha of total land area, of which agricultural land area occupied 60.67%. The agricultural land area per labor is 0.1 ha. However, it has ... [more ▼]

Located in the Red River Delta region, Hung Yen province has 923000 ha of total land area, of which agricultural land area occupied 60.67%. The agricultural land area per labor is 0.1 ha. However, it has been annually decreasing due to the development of industrial zone, construction of urban zone, expansion of road… For these reasons, the stainable development for production and processing of agricultural products plays a very important role in job creation for farmers who loosed their own agricultural land, avoidance of quantity and quality loosing of raw agricultural products and increase in economic efficiency of agricultural production and processing. The production and processing of canna are traditional jobs of rural households in Hung Yen. They not only have been creating jobs for rural households but also increasing in their income. Beside the social and economic benefit created by these activities, the processing activity has caused many negative consequences. It led to environmental pollution due to its waste, overuse of chemical substances. Desiccated of vermicelli in bad condition resulted in the unsafe food. Therefore, this study is conducted to deeply investigate both positive effects and negative consequences created by production and processing of canna vermicelli in term of economic, social and environmental aspects. This study concentrates on the farm households; discuss advantages and disadvantages of production inputs, processing techniques and output market of their products from arrowroot to vermicelli; and find out solutions for the sustainable development for production and processing of vermicelli. [less ▲]

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See detailModernization of animal products consumption in Hanoi, Northern Vietnam
Vu Dinh, Ton; Phan Dang, Thang; Do Duc, Luc et al

Conference (2011)

Global food crisis has played its negative effects on sustainable development. A question has been raised: how could the families in both rural and urban areas struggle against this present global food ... [more ▼]

Global food crisis has played its negative effects on sustainable development. A question has been raised: how could the families in both rural and urban areas struggle against this present global food crisis? This research aims at documenting household food consumption from January to October 2010 by interviewing with and operating a record keeping system of food consumption in 250 households of various income levels living in two different areas of Hanoi, the inner and suburban districts. There is variety of animal products consumed in each family of both areas. Indeed, pork meat, broiler chickens and freshwater fish were popularly used in all families; and broiler ducks are usually consumed in summer season. Furthermore, in the inner districts, there is a rise in the demand of red meats and aquatic products, particularly beef and seafood products. Home-made foods are still a major source of foods for all family members of most of families, however, families in urban areas tends to have breakfasts and lunches in restaurants. In rural areas, the soya curd (tofu) and self-made products from broiler chickens, vegetables, and the rice play an important role, occupying from 15% to 30% of food expenditures. In addition, pork meat and freshwater fish are usually bought in village markets. Through incomes of 82% of households are mainly from agricultural production or from between agriculture and off-farm activities, thanks to self-made products in most of households, the rural areas are not considerably influent by the present global food and financial crisis. Nevertheless, in order to achieve sustainable development, it is necessary to equip farmers with sufficient knowledge of practical agricultural production. [less ▲]

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See detailSatisfaction across urban consumers of smallholder-produced teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) poles in South Benin
Aoudji, Augustin K. N.; Adégbidi, Anselme; Ganglo, Jean C. et al

in Forest Policy and Economics (2011), 13(8), 642-651

The study used the expectancy-disconfirmation framework to investigate the satisfaction among urban consumers of teak pole in South Benin, so as to identify the areas where interventions are needed to ... [more ▼]

The study used the expectancy-disconfirmation framework to investigate the satisfaction among urban consumers of teak pole in South Benin, so as to identify the areas where interventions are needed to secure market opportunity for smallholder forestry. A survey was conducted in five cities; and 223 household-heads were interviewed using systematic sampling, with a random start. Data were collected on socio-demographic characteristics, teak pole consumption forms, behaviour patterns, and motivations. Respondents also rated their expectations and perceptions for a set of nine attributes on a 7 points Likert scale. Hierarchical ascending cluster analysis was performed to identify consumer segments; and satisfaction level was analysed per segment, by determining the gap between expectations and perceptions, for all attributes. Four consumer segments were identified; and socio-demographic profiles differed across those segments. Competitive price was an important purchasing motivation across the identified segments. Consumers were dissatisfied with price, availability, knot frequency, bending, length, hardness, and durability of teak pole. The efforts to meet the consumer expectations should be concentrated on building farmers’ capacity in silvicultural management, and ensuring the availability of good planting material. The issue of competitive price might be addressed, through the improvement of the overall efficiency in the value chain. [less ▲]

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See detailPreliminary results of financial analysis on poultry supply chains in Hanoi suburb, North-Vietnam
Phan Dang, Thang; Vu Dinh, Ton; Dogot, Thomas ULg et al

Poster (2011)

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See detailModernization of demand analysis for poultry meat in the context of HPAI in Hanoi, North-Vietnam
Phan Dang, Thang; Nguyen Tuan, Son; Bui Huu, Doan et al

Poster (2011)

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See detailPoultry supply chains and demand analysis for poultry meat in the context of HPAI in Hanoi, North-Vietnam
Vu Dinh, Ton; Phan Dang, Thang; Nguyen Tuan, Son et al

Poster (2011)

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See detailIdentifying beneficiaries of poverty alleviation programs
Mai, Lan Phuong ULg; Nguyen Mau, Dung; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Economics and Development Review = Kinh té̂ và phát triẻ̂n (2011), Special issue(July 2011), 29-36

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See detailMethod of determining poor household : the differences between policy and reality (a case study in Tu Ly and Xuan Phong commune of Hoa Binh province)
Mai, Lan Phuong ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Economics and Development Review = Kinh té̂ và phát triẻ̂n (2011), II(169), 15-20

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See detailAn analysis the value chain of fresh milk in the North of Vietnam : the case study in Sonla
Bui, Thi Nga ULg; Tran Huu, Cuong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2011)

Vietnam locates in the most active region (Asia), where gains the highest economic growth rate and highest milk consumption in the world. Milk growth rate is higher than almost other agricultural products ... [more ▼]

Vietnam locates in the most active region (Asia), where gains the highest economic growth rate and highest milk consumption in the world. Milk growth rate is higher than almost other agricultural products in the past 10 years in this region (Nancy, 2008). Vietnam is also one of the highest milk productivity in the Asia. Milk consumption in Vietnam is increasing rapidly (Nancy, 2008). However, the dairy industry in Vietnam is currently able to meet only 22 percent of domestic demand; the remaining amount has been imported from overseas suppliers and producers (VOV News/VNA, 2008). In addition, the linkages among the actors and stakeholders in the value chain of milk in the North of Vietnam are very weak. It leads to low effective in the production of the whole chain. This paper based on semistructure, standard questionnaires and PRA method to collect data of dairy farms in Sonla province, of milk collecting centres, of dairy plan and of milk distributors in 2008-2010. The findings show that dairy plan is the most powerful actor in the chain and it drives the whole chain. The value added of the chain is distributed unequally among determinants in the bias orientation to the non-farmer (non-producer). Opportunity cost of land, capital, and family labor in farm does not include when they calculate their benefits, thus it is not reflect the real situation and their value added would be much lowers. Weak linkages among participants in the chain with stakeholders and insufficient supports discourage farmers to develop their production. [less ▲]

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See detailAgriculture familiale et production avicole au Vietnam
Phan Dang, Thang; Vu Dinh, Ton; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

E-print/Working paper (2011)

This research was carried out at Chương Mỹ and Phú Xuyên Districts for two years of 2009 – 2010 by production record keeping system according to a production cycle of 270 poultry flocks at 210 farms and ... [more ▼]

This research was carried out at Chương Mỹ and Phú Xuyên Districts for two years of 2009 – 2010 by production record keeping system according to a production cycle of 270 poultry flocks at 210 farms and smallholders to aim at better understanding the diversification, technical productivity in this region through an approach of animal production systems and the supply chains with their various constraints. Agricultural by-products are taken full advantage maximum but the daily diet is not balanced in smallholders or commercial farms. Production productivity is good with industrial broilers of ISA Brown, Ai Cập hens and Mix 1. Rate of mortality occupied about 2% with ISA Brown hens, 3% with broiler Mix 1 compared with 15% - 27% of Lương Phượng chickens, CV Super Meat, French Muscovy ducks and backyard production. Poultry production in these zones is really diversified, complex about the races, feed sources and preventive sanitation. But this poultry production is facing grave difficulties such as good quality of DOCs, large fluctuation risk of prices of inputs/outputs and the high risks with epidemic diseases from this year to another. [less ▲]

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See detailStrengthening local innovations in rice processing through video in Benin
Zossou, Enangnon ULg; Van Mele, Paul; Vodouhe, Davo Simplice et al

Conference (2010, November)

In Africa, rice processing provides employment for many rural people. A survey on local rice processing methods in the north, central and south of Benin shows that local rice is often parboiled before ... [more ▼]

In Africa, rice processing provides employment for many rural people. A survey on local rice processing methods in the north, central and south of Benin shows that local rice is often parboiled before milling. Rice parboiling is an important transformation process that contributes greatly to enhancing quality of rice. This important income generating activity is exclusively done by women from rice producing communities. In Benin, the traditional rice parboiling method is still prevailing and does not lead to quality rice. To address this, an improved rice parboiling technology was developed. AfricaRice subsequently developed a video where rural women explain how to use this improved technology. Four NGOs in central Benin publicly screened the video in 80 villages. After women watched the video, they started using the improved parboiler equipment individually or collectively. Women who didn’t have the financial support to buy the improved equipment understood its principle and developed creative solutions based on the idea of pre-cooking paddy with steam. Video watching also made women pay attention to reducing the loss of steam and to use local resources innovatively to conserve energy. Women also improved the quality of their parboiled rice by removing dirt, properly washing rice and drying rice on tarpaulins. On the other hand, in the north and south of Benin where there were no public video screenings, the traditional rice parboiling method is still predominant. This study shows the potential of farmer-to-farmer video to improve farmers’ practices and their attitudes to work collectively in agro-processing and marketing. [less ▲]

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See detailValue chain analysis of beef cattle production in different cattle feeding systems in Bac Kan Province
Hoang, Thi Huong Tra ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Vu Chi, Cuong et al

in The North-South Centre of the ETH Zurich (Ed.) Tropentag 2010 : World food system : a contribution from Europe (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 389 (15 ULg)