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See detailThe ecological study of an unknown non-timber forest product (NTFP) : The African walnut (Coula edulis Baill.)
Moupela, Christian; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Brostaux, Yves ULg et al

Conference (2011, November)

Le noisetier d’Afrique, Coula edulis Bail., produit des graines de grande valeur nutritive régulièrement collectées et commercialisées par les populations locales. Toutefois, certains aspects fondamentaux ... [more ▼]

Le noisetier d’Afrique, Coula edulis Bail., produit des graines de grande valeur nutritive régulièrement collectées et commercialisées par les populations locales. Toutefois, certains aspects fondamentaux de son écologie, dont le potentiel de production et la prédation des fruits, demeurent inconnus, ce qui peut constituer un frein à sa valorisation. L’étude s’est déroulée au Gabon et s’est attachée à quantifier la production fruitière de l’espèce et à identifier les prédateurs potentiels des fruits. Trente-neuf collecteurs circulaires ont été installés sous les houppiers, les données récoltées (nombre et masse des fruits) étant ensuite mises en relation avec le diamètre. Par ailleurs, sept semenciers ont fait l’objet d’observations indirectes grâce à un dispositif de caméras-pièges. Le diamètre minimum de fertilité est de 12,3 cm, tandis que 23 cm dhp constitue pour l’espèce le diamètre effectif de fructification. Celle-ci se produit de décembre à avril. Les quantités de fruits sont corrélées positivement au diamètre. Dix espèces animales ont été observées aux pieds des arbres en fruits, leur rôle dans la dynamique de l’espèce est potentiellement important. [less ▲]

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See detailLocal food systems in Walloon Region (Belgium): definition and trends in supply and demand
Comps, Samuel ULg; Claustriaux, Jean-Jacques ULg; Vandercammen, Marc et al

Conference (2011, September 02)

Local food systems are one solution to promote local products in different ways and particularly by bringing together producers and consumers. This paper follows different purposes. The term “local food ... [more ▼]

Local food systems are one solution to promote local products in different ways and particularly by bringing together producers and consumers. This paper follows different purposes. The term “local food systems” will be defined as systems mobilizing not more than one intermediate person in a local area, where the exchanges must be monetized and where a relationship between the producer and the consumer is established. Then, a classification of the various initiatives of local food systems will be proposed. Thereafter the results of two studies conducted in the Walloon Region will be presented. The first study was conducted in Wallonia and Brussels in 2010 by the CRIOC to assess consumers’ perceptions and expectations of local products marketing using local food systems. The second one was conducted in 2010 to establish an inventory of local food systems in the Province of Namur. It had four main objectives: to describe categories of local food systems used, to give an overview of products supply, to understand main difficulties encountered by producers and to give benchmarks for the installation. The paper concludes that local food systems provide a wide diversity of selling networks which can be used. However, it is not easy for producers to meet consumers’ needs for local agricultural produce. The paper also puts emphasis on the necessity of including many fields of action to develop local food systems. [less ▲]

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See detailCoûts et valeur ajoutée dans la commercialisation des perches de teck au Sud-Bénin
Aoudji, Augustin K. N.; Adégbidi, Anselme; Agbo, Valentin et al

in Cahiers Agricultures (2011), 20(6 (Novembre-Décembre 2011)), 480-486

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See detailLes enjeux de la sécurité alimentaire en RD Congo : approche par l'analyse de la consommation alimentaire des ménages kinois
Muteba Kalala, Damien ULg; Duquesne, Brigitte; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Brot, Jean (Ed.) XXVIèmes Journées scientifiques ATM "Crises et soutenabilité du développement" : 2-3-4 juin, BETA CNRS Université du Strasbourg (2011)

Afin d'appréhender la problématique de la sécurité alimentaire en République Démocratique du Congo, différents dispositifs de recherche ont été mis en place au départ d'un groupe de recherche ... [more ▼]

Afin d'appréhender la problématique de la sécurité alimentaire en République Démocratique du Congo, différents dispositifs de recherche ont été mis en place au départ d'un groupe de recherche interdisciplinaire en appui à la politique, financé par la coopération belge (DGCD/CUD) : Groupe de Recherche en Appui à la Politique pour l'Agriculture et l'Alimentation en Afrique (GRAP 3 A). Cet article présente l'un des axes de ce programme de recherche interuniversitaire mené conjointement avec des chercheurs de l'Université de Kinshasa : une approche de l'insécurité alimentaire et de stratégies d'une politique alimentaire durable à partir de l'étude de la consommation alimentaire des ménages de Kinshasa par différentes enquêtes qui se poursuivront au cours des quatre prochaines années. [less ▲]

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See detailWhy do poverty reduction strategies not bring real effects in Northern Mountain, Vietnam ? Case of the commune of Xuan Phong and Tu Ly, Hoa Binh province
Mai, Lan Phuong ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Nguyen Mau, Dung

Conference (2011)

Agricultural accumulation has been one of the main source determined the social differentiation in Vietnamese countryside. The complexities of agrarian changes under the post - socialist industrialization ... [more ▼]

Agricultural accumulation has been one of the main source determined the social differentiation in Vietnamese countryside. The complexities of agrarian changes under the post - socialist industrialization with high rate of agricultural land conversion in recent context reveal the new forms of capital accumulation and social differentiation. This research investigates how land conversion process to industrial zones and clusters affected to the way that different groups of peasant households accumulate their resources. The study was carried out in 3 districts of Hung Yen province from 2006 to 2010. The study results are as follows: first, the land conversion to industrialization has impact on not only the decline of household landholdings but also the changes value of land which are the sources of social conflicts and informal land transfer. Second, in the context of land conversion to industrialization with tiny plots of land, low return from agricultural production and more opportunities of non-farm activities, even when non-farm employment is very profitable, peasant households are not likely to give up their land but maintaining agricultural production for not only their basic and secure livelihood but also for their identity. Third, among the affected peasant groups, the households with non-farm background tend to be in better position in engaging to high - earning activities. They are likely the rich peasants in opposed to the poor group with farming background and lost more than 50% of their agricultural land. This research has showed that the industrialization policies have to deal with the proportion of agricultural land would be transferred for industrialization zones and other measures in order to limit the conflicts as well as the social differentiation in countryside. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution de la pauvreté au Vietnam : quelques réflexions
Mai, Lan Phuong ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Nguyen Mau, Dung

Conference (2011)

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See detailAn analysis the value chain of fresh milk in the North of Vietnam : the case study in Sonla
Bui, Thi Nga ULg; Ma Tran Huu, Cuong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Vietnam’s Socio-Economic Development [=VSED]: a Social Science Review (2011), (68),

Vietnam locates in the most active region (Asia), where gains the highest economic growth rate and highest milk consumption in the world. Milk growth rate is higher than almost other agricultural products ... [more ▼]

Vietnam locates in the most active region (Asia), where gains the highest economic growth rate and highest milk consumption in the world. Milk growth rate is higher than almost other agricultural products in the past 10 years in this region (Nancy, 2008). Vietnam is also one of the highest milk productivity in the Asia. Milk consumption in Vietnam is increasing rapidly (Nancy, 2008). However, the dairy industry in Vietnam is currently able to meet only 22 percent of domestic demand; the remaining amount has been imported from overseas suppliers and producers (VOV News/VNA, 2008). In addition, the linkages among the actors and stakeholders in the value chain of milk in the North of Vietnam are very weak. It leads to low effective in the production of the whole chain. This paper based on semi-structure, standard questionnaires and PRA method to collect data of dairy farms in Sonla province, of milk collecting centres, of dairy plan and of milk distributors in 2008-2010. The findings show that dairy plan is the most powerful actor in the chain and it drives the whole chain. The value added of the chain is distributed unequally among determinants in the bias orientation to the non-farmer (non-producer). Opportunity cost of land, capital, and family labor in farm does not include when they calculate their benefits, thus it is not reflect the real situation and their value added would be much lowers. Weak linkages among participants in the chain with stakeholders and insufficient supports discourage farmers to develop their production. [less ▲]

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See detailLe modèle de croissance katangais face à la crise financière mondiale : enjeux en termes d'emploi
Lapeyre, Frédéric; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Musewa M'Bayo, Laki et al

Book published by Bureau International du Travail (2011)

La crise financière mondiale qui a éclaté en 2008 et les effets désastreux qu’elle a occasionnés sur le secteur minier en RDC (qui avait été placé au centre des politiques de croissance et de lutte contre ... [more ▼]

La crise financière mondiale qui a éclaté en 2008 et les effets désastreux qu’elle a occasionnés sur le secteur minier en RDC (qui avait été placé au centre des politiques de croissance et de lutte contre la pauvreté) posent avec encore plus d’acuité la question de la diversification de la structure économique dans une province comme le Katanga. Au problème de la vulnérabilité d’un tel modèle de croissance s’ajoute le constat qui est fait dans cette étude du manque d’effet d’entrainement de l’activité des grands groupes miniers sur le reste de l’économie locale, en termes de développement des capacités productives et de création d’emplois. [less ▲]

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See detailValorisation of a water hyacinth in vermicomposting using an epigeic earthworm Perionyx excavatus in Central Vietnam
Zirbes, Lara ULg; Renard, Quentin; Dufey, Joseph et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2011), 15(1)

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See detailPeri-urban Agriculture: The Case of Market Gardening in Niamey, Niger
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in African Review of Economics and Finance (2011), 3(1), 69-80

A study was carried out in Niamey (capital city of Niger) to explore the market gardening periurban system. This activity is an option to minimize the risk of urban food insecurity in the Republic of ... [more ▼]

A study was carried out in Niamey (capital city of Niger) to explore the market gardening periurban system. This activity is an option to minimize the risk of urban food insecurity in the Republic of Niger. In Niamey, you have two traditional areas to practise the market gardening production: Gamkalle and Yantala. The investigations study the area of Gamkalle. This study revealed more than 600 market gardening producers in Gamkalle. 50 producers of Gamkalle have been interviewed. These producers predominantly belong to the ethnic group “Zarma” and market gardening is their main economic activity. The principal period of production is during the dry season, the producers cultivate lettuce, cabbage, tomato, sweet pepper, beetroot, celery, carrot, parsley. Despite the higher costs notably in particular for input, the incomes generated by this activity are very high ($ 2805.23/year/acre). In conclusion, market gardening presents an opportunity for urban dwellers to increase and diversify their incomes and obtain food security. Nevertheless, there are many constraints to develop this production: land tenure security, pollution by industrial production and access to quality seeds, pesticides and fertilizers. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacteristics of Urban Food Insecurity: The Case of Kinshasa
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Muteba Kalala, Damien ULg

in African Review of Economics and Finance (2011), 3(1), 58-68

Feeding Kinshasa? How to ensure food security for millions of inhabitants who have to survive on low wages well below the poverty line? This is the daily challenge for a multitude of poor people in ... [more ▼]

Feeding Kinshasa? How to ensure food security for millions of inhabitants who have to survive on low wages well below the poverty line? This is the daily challenge for a multitude of poor people in Kinshasa! Some see this situation as an opportunity for strengthening local producers. In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the constraints affecting the agricultural economy mean it cannot supply the city of Kinshasa on the basis of predominantly local production but through food imports. In a context of crisis as experienced in the DRC, food is of strategic importance and the focus is essentially on quantity: households turn to cheaper products and high calorie intake at the expense of high-protein foods, leading to unbalanced diets. This imbalance is exacerbated by an influx of imported products, often of poor nutritional quality but at very competitive prices and responding to new eating habits of urban consumers. To understand the issue of food security in DRC, a country with high agricultural potential but 70% of whose population is affected by food insecurity, various research devices have been established by an interdisciplinary research group to support policy, funded by the Belgian Development Cooperation Department (DGDC / CUD): the Research Group Supporting the Policy for Food and Agriculture in Africa (GRAP 3A). This paper presents one of the main focuses of the inter-university research program conducted jointly with researchers from the University of Kinshasa: an approach to food insecurity and strategies for a sustainable food policy based on the study of household food consumption in Kinshasa carried out by various surveys. [less ▲]

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See detailQuality management : lessons of Belgian experiences
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Science and Technology = Khoa Học Và Công Nghệ (2011), 49(6A), 11-12

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See detailNăng suất chăn nuôi một số gia cấm trong nông hộ tại huyên Phú Xuyên và Chương Mỹ , Hàn ội
Phan Dang, Thang; Bui Huu, Doan; Duquesne, Brigitte ULg et al

in Vietnam Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development = Nông Nghiệp, Công Nghiệp Thục̛ Phâm (2011), (165), 54-59

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See detailFinancial analysis on vermicelli value chain in Hung Yen province
Le Thi Long, Vy; Chu Thi, Hien; Vu Dinh, Ton et al

in Economics and Development Review = Kinh té̂ và phát triẻ̂n (2011), Special issue(July 2011), 60-67

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See detailLes conditions de production et de mise sur le marché des produits vivriers paysans dans la province du Bas-Congo (R. D. Congo)
Mpanzu Balomba, Patience; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Kinkela Savy, Charles

in Association Tiers-Monde (Ed.) Les Cahiers de l'Association Tiers-Monde n° 26-2011 : XXVIèmes Journées sur le Développement "Crises et soutenabilité du développement" (2011)

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See detailFinancial analysis of poultry commodity chains in Hanoi Suburb, North of Vietnam
Phan Dang, Thang; Vu Dinh, Ton; Dogot, Thomas ULg et al

Conference (2011)

Poultry production plays an important role in the structure of familial incomes in Vietnam but this activity is currently met with difficulties caused by the great influence of inputs/outputs on the ... [more ▼]

Poultry production plays an important role in the structure of familial incomes in Vietnam but this activity is currently met with difficulties caused by the great influence of inputs/outputs on the markets and the risks of epidemic diseases. This research was conducted for interviews and records according to book keeping among 280 poultry smallholders; 100 intermediary agents of poultry meat supply chains at the various scales of poultry supply chains and the diversification of poultry markets (poultry producers, private hatcheries, collectors of live poultry, slaughter houses and distributors of poultry meat) in Hanoi Suburb between 2009 and 2010. This research aimed at addressing to improving the income of small poultry producers and identifying the intermediary economic agents and its economic distributions. Furthermore, this research would like to solve restoring the poultry production and the various restraints faced of food contamination in poultry meat supply chains. Institutional organization and financial analysis approaches in different agents was used to calculate the value-added and to explain this problem in poultry meat commodity chains. Institutional organization of poultry meat supply chains is really complex with diverse economic agents. There are not many poultry meat products have a good traceability. These recent years, broiler industrial chickens and ducks met with some difficulties with the profits were very unstable or loss-making. But this industrial broiler chicken still occupies more and more an important role for the demand of domestic consumers. In addition, color broiler chickens were chosen for more satisfying the Vietnamese taste. In fact, local or color crossbred broiler chickens have a good economic performance but the output is still instable. Traders of live poultry and manual slaughter-house have a good economic performance caused by using the source of familial labor and selling directly to consumers. The systems of automatic skill of live poultry have still limited. The consumers do not be informed the useful information on food safety standards. [less ▲]

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See detailNote synthétique sur l'évaluation et le calcul de la vulnérabilité des ménages au Niger : février 2011
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Report (2011)

L’analyse de la vulnérabilité alimentaire suscite une attention toute particulière des bailleurs de fond. En effet, depuis 1990, l’analyse et l’évaluation de celle-ci permet aux différentes institutions ... [more ▼]

L’analyse de la vulnérabilité alimentaire suscite une attention toute particulière des bailleurs de fond. En effet, depuis 1990, l’analyse et l’évaluation de celle-ci permet aux différentes institutions nationales et internationales présentes au Niger d’élaborer leurs stratégies, de cibler les populations ou zones bénéficiaires de leurs interventions ainsi que de prévenir et gérer les crises alimentaires. Cependant, les nombreuses crises alimentaires chroniques du Niger (1996-1997, 2001, 2004-2005, 2009-2010) suscitent néanmoins un certain questionnement quant à l’efficacité et l’efficience de cette évaluation. Cette note décrira certaines méthodologies d’évaluation de la vulnérabilité alimentaire les plus usitées au Niger. Au total, trois méthodologies ont été caractérisées, celle de la Cellule de Coordination du Système d’Alerte Précoce (CC/SAP), de certains Partenaires Techniques et Financiers (Save The Children, Action Contre la Faim, …) et du CC/SAP et de l’Institut National de la Statistique du Niger (INS-Niger). Cette description permettra de mieux cerner les spécificités de chacune d’elles et d’élaborer certaines remarques et recommandations. Ce document introduira, tout d’abord, le concept de vulnérabilité repris dans la littérature. Ensuite, il décrira les différentes méthodologies de calcul et d’évaluation de la vulnérabilité utilisées au Niger. Enfin, ces méthodologies seront analysées et critiquées en vue de présenter des propositions d’améliorations. Il en ressort que le niveau d’analyse de la vulnérabilité doit être affiné d’un point de vue départemental et communal. Il est essentiel de réaliser une distinction entre les ménages urbains et ruraux étant donné la diversité des stratégies opérées par ces ménages. L’évaluation de la vulnérabilité des ménages pastoraux et/ou transhumants devrait être repensée pour améliorer la prise en compte de ceux-ci. La recommandation principale de cette note est d’augmenter le nombre de ménages de l’échantillon d’analyse dans le but de mieux caractériser la vulnérabilité des ménages urbains, ruraux, pastoraux et de produire des indices de vulnérabilité par commune. [less ▲]

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See detailPeasant responses to agricultural land conversion and mechanism of rural social differentiation in Hung Yen province, Northern Vietnam
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Vu Dinh, Ton; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2011)

Agricultural accumulation has been one of the main source determined the social differentiation in Vietnamese countryside. The complexities of agrarian changes under the post - socialist industrialization ... [more ▼]

Agricultural accumulation has been one of the main source determined the social differentiation in Vietnamese countryside. The complexities of agrarian changes under the post - socialist industrialization with high rate of agricultural land conversion in recent context reveal the new forms of capital accumulation and social differentiation. This research investigates how land conversion process to industrial zones and clusters affected to the way that different groups of peasant households accumulate their resources. The study was carried out in 3 districts of Hung Yen province from 2006 to 2010. The study results are as follows: first, the land conversion to industrialization has impact on not only the decline of household landholdings but also the changes value of land which are the sources of social conflicts and informal land transfer. Second, in the context of land conversion to industrialization with tiny plots of land, low return from agricultural production and more opportunities of non-farm activities, even when non-farm employment is very profitable, peasant households are not likely to give up their land but maintaining agricultural production for not only their basic and secure livelihood but also for their identity. Third, among the affected peasant groups, the households with non-farm background tend to be in better position in engaging to high - earning activities. They are likely the rich peasants in opposed to the poor group with farming background and lost more than 50% of their agricultural land. This research has showed that the industrialization policies have to deal with the proportion of agricultural land would be transferred for industrialization zones and other measures in order to limit the conflicts as well as the social differentiation in countryside. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution of livelihood strategy and income of the households in the coastal sandy area of the Central region, Vietnam : the case of Thua Thien Hue Province during period 2003-2008
Nguyen Dang, Hao; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2011)

Based on livelihood approach and using both livelihood strategy participatory assessment and household survey data this study mainly focus on assessment of evolution of livelihood strategy and income of ... [more ▼]

Based on livelihood approach and using both livelihood strategy participatory assessment and household survey data this study mainly focus on assessment of evolution of livelihood strategy and income of households in the Coastal Sandy Zone of Thua Thien Hue Province. Findings indicated that livelihood strategies are very dynamic and considerable difference between the wealth categories of households and among the study sites. Although agriculture –based strategy is one of the most popular among the livelihood strategies there are considerable changes. Thanks to more specialization on livestock - non-farm business – aquaculture the better-off category has increased rapidly their income during 2003-2008 period. By contrast, due to more dependence on food crop, wage work and migration, income of the poor slowly improved at the same period. These findings implicate that in the context of rural development, support policies introduced by government have positively influenced on household income, but these general policies cannot meet the development needs from various locations as well as different household categories because there is marked difference in livelihood assets, human source, landholding, financial and social capitals in particular. [less ▲]

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