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See detailOverview of smallholders’ local rice post-harvest activities in Benin: Gender, practices, commercialization and rice processors livelihoods
Zossou, Enangnon ULg; Vodouhe, Davo Simplice; Diagne, Aliou et al

Conference (2012, August)

Rice is a primary food source, vital vehicle in dealing with food security and eradicating poverty. In Benin rice is becoming increasingly important and its production and processing tasks are divided on ... [more ▼]

Rice is a primary food source, vital vehicle in dealing with food security and eradicating poverty. In Benin rice is becoming increasingly important and its production and processing tasks are divided on the basis of gender, with women being responsible for much of the drudgery involved in processing. To have an overview of gender and socio-economic dimensions of local rice processing in Benin, a study was conducted in the north and south of Benin with 240 smallholder rice processors randomly selected. In addition to structured interviews and weekly report sheets, the participatory assessment on sustainable livelihood approach was used to appreciate the different states of their financial, social, human, natural and physical capitals assets. Rice processors are mostly women (67% in the whole sample). Men are more representative in white rice processing while women are more representative in parboiled rice processing. Women rice processors have less acces to formal learning source and have bad practices during white rice processing. The traditional rice parboiling methods that don’t lead to good quality rice is prevalence. The main actors of local rice commercialization are the rice producers; the bodies of the Ministry of Agriculture; Famers Organisation and smallholder local rice processors who are generally young women. During local rice commercialization, women are more representative in the sale without contract in the processing village while men are more representative in the sale under a contract. The overall state of capitals is low with better scores in human, physical and natural capitals stocks for men and in social capital for women. [less ▲]

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See detailL'approvisionnement agricole de la ville de Niamey : potentialités et contraintes d'une agriculture de proximité
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2012, June 12)

Cet article tente de répondre à la question suivante : « Est-ce que l’agriculture urbaine et périurbaine de Niamey peut satisfaire et approvisionner une demande urbaine toujours plus croissante ? ». Cette ... [more ▼]

Cet article tente de répondre à la question suivante : « Est-ce que l’agriculture urbaine et périurbaine de Niamey peut satisfaire et approvisionner une demande urbaine toujours plus croissante ? ». Cette question de recherche est accompagnée d’un objectif secondaire essayant de démontrer l’importance de la diversité des systèmes de production permettant le développement de nombreuses cultures. Cette étude a été réalisée à partir de données secondaires provenant du Recensement Général de l’Agriculture et du Cheptel (RGAC), de l’Institut National de la Statistique (INS) et de la Direction Générale de la Statistique Agricole (DGSA). Après une présentation de la zone d’étude, les différents systèmes de production présents au sein de Niamey seront décrits et caractérisés. Les systèmes de production se regroupent au sein de deux catégories : agriculture pluviale et agriculture irriguée (riziculture irriguée ; maraîchage, arboriculture fruitière et riziculture pluviale et/ou irriguée ; maraîchage et arboriculture fruitière) (Seybou Y et Wada H, 2004). De plus, la production et les superficies agricoles de chaque spéculation seront introduites. L’importance de la consommation alimentaire telle que celle des légumes (31,5 kg/personne/an) et des céréales (179,6 kg/personne/an) sera présentée afin d’établir une balance entre la production locale et les besoins alimentaires des ménages de la Communauté Urbaine de Niamey (CUN) (République du Niger, 1994). Les potentialités de cette agriculture sont accentuées par la faible capacité de stockage et la détérioration lors du transport des produits agricoles provenant des zones rurales. Il en ressort que malgré les fortes potentialités de cette agriculture de proximité (urbaine, périurbaine et rurbaine), certaines contraintes telles que la problématique foncière, l’accès aux intrants et aux matériels agricoles (motopompes) empêchent l’expansion de ces systèmes de production. De plus, les balances alimentaires présentées indiquent un déficit pour la quasi-totalité des rubriques alimentaires entraînant de ce fait un accroissement du coût des produits importés. Toutefois, les systèmes de production pourraient partiellement combler une demande alimentaire de la population en constante augmentation. [less ▲]

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See detailLinking farmers’ access to rural radio, gender and livelihoods: case study of rice processors in Benin
Zossou, Enangnon ULg; Vodouhe, Davo Simplice; Van Mele, Paul et al

Conference (2012, May 21)

As most of sub-Saharan Africa countries, Benin has noted a growth of rural radio stations over the past few decades as part of a broader process of democratisation. This paper examines the level of ... [more ▼]

As most of sub-Saharan Africa countries, Benin has noted a growth of rural radio stations over the past few decades as part of a broader process of democratisation. This paper examines the level of farmers’ access to rural radio in relation to gender and livelihood assets. The study was conducted in the north and south of Benin with 18 rural radio stations and 240 rice processors selected at random in 12 villages. We used the Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) framework with 120 rice processors randomly selected among the 240 surveyed rice processors. About 67% of the women rice processors had their own radio set compared to 87% of the men. Although the study did not allow to draw conclusions on causal relationships, rice processors who often listened to agricultural broadcasts had better social, financial and human capital stocks compared to those who didn’t listen to agricultural broadcasts. Despite the applaudable efforts of 72% of the radio stations to link up with extension services, half of the rice processors rarely or never listened to agricultural broadcasts, because the timing of the broadcasts was inappropriate. Interactive radio sessions with farmers that involve government officials will need to address this if they are to become more effective. [less ▲]

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See detailDépenses en viande par les ménages belges en 2008
Ferrandis Vallterra, Salvador ULg; Brostaux, Yves ULg; Claustriaux, Jean-Jacques ULg et al

Speech (2012)

Analysis of meat expenditure by Belgian households in 2008. Meat expenditure by Belgian households during 2008 is analyzed. Expenditure is extracted from the Belgian Household Budget Survey at the FPS ... [more ▼]

Analysis of meat expenditure by Belgian households in 2008. Meat expenditure by Belgian households during 2008 is analyzed. Expenditure is extracted from the Belgian Household Budget Survey at the FPS Economy, S.M.E.s, Self-employed and Energy. The database also provides sociodemographic information about the households participating in the survey. To explain the observed variability of the meat expenditure based on the explanatory factors available, an analysis of the covariance is performed. The three quantitative factors have a bigger effect on the meat expenditure than the three other qualitative factors. The proportion of meat expenditure variability explained by the explanatory factors of the selected model is 31,41%. [less ▲]

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See detailParticipatory impact assessment of rice parboiling videos with women in Benin
Zossou, Enangnon ULg; Van Mele, Paul; Wanvoeke, Jonas et al

in Experimental agriculture (2012), 48(3), 438-447

Using the sustainable livelihoods framework to evaluate the impact of a farmer-to-farmer video on the improved rice parboiling technology, women in Benin rated financial, social, human, natural and ... [more ▼]

Using the sustainable livelihoods framework to evaluate the impact of a farmer-to-farmer video on the improved rice parboiling technology, women in Benin rated financial, social, human, natural and physical capital stocks for the baseline year (2006) and the impact year (2009) on a 0–5 scale. Women who had watched the video and those who had not, but who lived in the same villages, perceived a significant improvement in four out of five livelihood capitals while processors in control villages did not perceive any significant change. Apart from testing the sustainable livelihoods conceptual framework as a participatory impact assessment tool for video-mediated rural learning, this study shows how farmer-to-farmer training videos helped to improve multiple livelihood assets. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence de l’enclavement sur l’économie rurale en République Démocratique du Congo
Bolakonga Ilye, Antoine Bily ULg; Disonama, Michel; Michel, Baudouin et al

Conference (2012)

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See detailCommercialisation des produits agricoles vivriers dans la Province du Sud-Kivu (RDC) : mesure de l'intégration des marchés ruraux
Vwima Ngezirabona, Stany ULg; Mastaki, Jean-Luc; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Reyntjens, F.; Vandeginste, S.; Verpoorten, M. (Eds.) L'Afrique des Grands Lacs : Annuaire 2011-2012 (2012)

This article analyzes the current system of marketing of food products in the province of South Kivu and its implications for producer prices and market integration. The study results are twofold. First ... [more ▼]

This article analyzes the current system of marketing of food products in the province of South Kivu and its implications for producer prices and market integration. The study results are twofold. First, we find that the food producers hold only a small share of the marketing margin, while the bulk of the margin is captured by intermediate traders. Second, we find that the markets for bean and sorghum are integrated, which may be explained by the preponderance of these products in the diet of the population. On the other hand, market integration of maize and cassava is low, which may be due to the difficult market access conditions, in terms of taxes and red tape, rampant insecurity, inadequate means of transport, poor roads, as well as lack of information, with the information asymmetry working to the disadvantage of small-scale food producers. Finally, our analysis of the evolution and variation in average prices of food products confirms that the City of Bukavu is the area of consumption, that Katana is the collection area of food products and that Nyangezi although rural, is not a major collection area, and actually is a food deficit area with rampant malnutrition. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rôle du commerce frontalier des produits alimentaires avec le Rwanda dans l'approvisionnement des ménages de la ville de Bukavu (Province du Sud-Kivu)
Vwima Ngezirabona, Stany ULg; Mastaki, Jean-Luc; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2012)

L’objectif global de ce travail est de mettre en évidence l’importance des approvisionnements des produits alimentaires en provenance du district de Rusizi (Rwanda) dans la sécurité alimentaire de la ... [more ▼]

L’objectif global de ce travail est de mettre en évidence l’importance des approvisionnements des produits alimentaires en provenance du district de Rusizi (Rwanda) dans la sécurité alimentaire de la province de la ville de Bukavu. Ce travail a comme objectifs spécifiques d’analyser le commerce frontalier des produits alimentaires entre le Rwanda et la RDC, de quantifier les flux des produits alimentaires en provenance de district de Rusizi(Rwanda) qui entrent dans la ville de Bukavu, d’analyser l’efficacité des marchés des produits alimentaires en provenance de district de Rusizi (Rwanda), d’identifier et analyser les différents facteurs qui déterminent les pratiques d’approvisionnement des produits alimentaires en provenance de district de Rusizi (Rwanda) par les ménages urbains de la ville de Bukavu, de définir des politiques visant à améliorer le système d’approvisionnement alimentaires de la ville de Bukavu et pouvant faciliter l’intégration régionale [less ▲]

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See detailDynamics of livestock production systems during the economic transformation period in Northern Vietnam : case study in Cam Giang District, Hai Duong Province
Han Quang, Hanh ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Koonawootrittriron, S.; Suwanasopee, T.; Jattawa, D. (Eds.) et al The 15th AAAP Animal Science Congress "Improving Smallholder and Industrial Livestock Production for Enhancing Food Security, Environment and Human Welfare" : Proceedings, Vol. II. Abstracts (2012)

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See detailRationalité paysanne et exigence agronomique dans la gestion de la matière organique à Donwari dans le bassin cotonnier du Nord-Bénin
Assogba, Sonagnon Claude-Gervais ULg; Tossou, Cocou Rigobert; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2012)

Au Bénin, la production cotonnière s’est accompagnée d’une surexploitation des ressources foncières et a entraîné à long terme leur dégradation. Ainsi, diverses initiatives se développent pour une gestion ... [more ▼]

Au Bénin, la production cotonnière s’est accompagnée d’une surexploitation des ressources foncières et a entraîné à long terme leur dégradation. Ainsi, diverses initiatives se développent pour une gestion rationnelle de la fertilité du sol avec un regain d’intérêt pour la fertilisation organique. A partir d’une typologie des cotonculteurs du Nord-Bénin établie suivant des critères endogènes de prospérité, cet article révèle l’existence d’une diversité de pratiques paysannes de gestion de la fumure organique. Ainsi, le niveau de prospérité détermine dans une certaine mesure les stratégies de gestion adoptées par l’exploitant, stratégies basées sur une maximisation des apports de matière organique plutôt que sur les exigences agronomiques du cotonnier. L’étude a montré la nécessité de mener des recherches pour mieux apprécier l’efficacité de telles pratiques et leur impact dans la restauration de la fertilité des sols. [less ▲]

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See detailAccess to credit of animal production households : a study in Hai Duong province, Vietnam
Le Thi Minh, Chau ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Nguyen Tuan, Son

in Journal Science and Development (2012), 10(7), 1050-1060

Recently, the credit supply from the formal credit sector to the rural area has increased considerably. However, the credit supply to agriculture is still far from the actual credit need and mismatching ... [more ▼]

Recently, the credit supply from the formal credit sector to the rural area has increased considerably. However, the credit supply to agriculture is still far from the actual credit need and mismatching with the economic and social contribution of agriculture sector to the rural area. Using data from the household survey in Hai Duong, finding of this paper shows that the credit supply from the formal sector did not meet the credit need of animal production households. In the borrower’s side, dependency ratio, area of crop land, area of fish pond and number of pigs were main factors influencing their credit accessibility from the formal sector. In addition, age, educational level of household head and size of fish pond were key factors affecting the loan amount approved by the banks. The weaknesses in the rural credit supply from the formal sector also resulted in some constraints of animal producer’s credit accessibility. [less ▲]

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See detailNông nghiệp, nông thôn Việt Nam : từ chính sách đến thực tiễn
Mai, Lan Phuong ULg; Peemans, Jean-Philippe; Nguyen Mau, Dung et al

in Trường đại học nông nghiêp Hà Nội (Université d'Agriculture de Hanoi, Faculté d'Economie et de Développement rural) (Ed.) Nông nghiệp, nông thôn Việt Nam : từ chính sách đển thực tiễn (2012)

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See detailPhân cấp quản lý và Chương trình xóa đói, giảm nghèo (Truờng hợp nghiên cứu tại tinh Hòa Bình)
Mai, Lan Phuong ULg; Nguyen Mau, Dung; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Trường đại học nông nghiêp Hà Nội (Université d'Agriculture de Hanoi, Faculté d'Economie et de Développement rural) (Ed.) Nông nghiệp, nông dân, nông thôn : trong quá trình công nghiệp hóa và đô thị Hóa ở Việt Nam (2012)

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See detailMilk production and Marketing in small holder dairy in the Northern area of Vietnam: A case study in Phu Dong Commune
Bui, Thi Nga ULg; Tran Huu, Cuong; Luong Thi Thu, Ha et al

in Vietnam’s Socio-Economic Development [=VSED]: a Social Science Review (2012), (71/September 2012), 57-69

Dairy cows in small holders in Phu Dong contribute to improve the welfare of farm households. It generates income, provides a highly nutritious food for people, create employment opportunities in the ... [more ▼]

Dairy cows in small holders in Phu Dong contribute to improve the welfare of farm households. It generates income, provides a highly nutritious food for people, create employment opportunities in the society. However, most dairy farmers have a few cows, which will be difficult to improve their lives. They are more vulnerable because milk is easy to be rotten, feed costs are high and increasing; market is fluctuated with shock while gate farm price is almost stable. This study analyzes the situation of milk production and marketing in small holders in Phu Dong. The Heckman two-step procedure is used to estimate factors affecting the decision of market participation and milk marketed volume of dairy households. The main findings are: The pure HF breed dairy cows produced higher productivity but shorter lactation period than that of cross breed cows. The productivity was highest in the pure HF breed medium-size farms and lowest in the cross breed medium-size farms. However, there is not much difference in milk yield per lactation between these breeds. Age of the household, education level, experience in dairy production, distance from milk market and number of milking cows significant impact the probability of the household in milk market participation. Number of milking cows, education level of the households, and non-dairy source financial incomes are important factors affecting sale volume of milk. [less ▲]

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