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See detailAuditory hallucinations in schizophrenia and non-schizophrenia populations: A review and integrated model of cognitive mechanisms
Waters, F.; Aleman, A.; Fernyhough, C. et al

in Schizophrenia Bulletin (2012), 38

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See detailPerformance on an everyday life activity in persons diagnosed with alcohol dependency compared to healthy controls: Relations between a computerized shopping task and cognitive and clinical variables.
Laloyaux, Julien ULg; Michel, Céline; Mourad, Haitham et al

in Alcohol & Alcoholism (2012), 47(3), 240-247

Aim: Persons diagnosed with alcohol dependency often suffer from cognitive impairments. Little is known, however, concerning how these cognitive deficits impact complex, everyday life activities. By this ... [more ▼]

Aim: Persons diagnosed with alcohol dependency often suffer from cognitive impairments. Little is known, however, concerning how these cognitive deficits impact complex, everyday life activities. By this experiment, we wished to contribute to a better characterization of the nature of everyday life difficulties in patients with alcohol dependency using a computerized shopping task. Methods: We developed a computerized real-life activity task (shopping task), where participants are required to shop for a list of 8 grocery store items. Twenty individuals diagnosed with alcohol dependency and 20 healthy controls were administered a battery of cognitive tests, clinical scales and the computerized shopping task. Results: Performance on the computerized shopping task significantly differentiated patients and healthy controls for several variables and in particular for Total time. Moreover, Total time to complete the task correlated significantly with several cognitive measures. In particular, poor performance on measures of processing speed, verbal episodic memory, cognitive flexibility and inhibition were significantly correlated with longer Total time. Finally, longer Total time was significantly correlated with poorer everyday life functioning and longer duration of illness. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the computerized task used in the present study is a good proxy measure of the level of everyday life and cognitive functioning of persons diagnosed with alcohol dependency. [less ▲]

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See detailHallucination-like experiences in the nonclinical population
Vellante, M.; Laroi, Frank ULg; Cella, M. et al

in Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease (2012), 200

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See detailHow do auditory verbal hallucinations in patients differ from those in nonpatients?
Laroi, Frank ULg

in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (2012), 6

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See detailRelations between a computerized shopping task and cognitive and clinical variables in patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder and alcohol dependency compared with healthy controls.
Laloyaux, Julien ULg; Michel, Céline; Pellegrini, Nadia et al

Poster (2011, May 27)

Persons diagnosed with bipolar disorder and alcohol dependency are frequently subject to poor everyday life functioning. However, previous studies have primarily used questionnaires or observational ... [more ▼]

Persons diagnosed with bipolar disorder and alcohol dependency are frequently subject to poor everyday life functioning. However, previous studies have primarily used questionnaires or observational methods to assess everyday life functioning, both of which contain a number of limits. In order to address some of these limits, we developed a computerised real-life activity task, in particular, a shopping task where participants are required to shop for a list of 8 grocery store items. Twenty individuals diagnosed with alcoholic dependence and 21 patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder were compared with 20 and 21 matched healthy controls, respectively. All participants completed the shopping task, and both clinical groups were evaluated with an extensive battery of neuropsychological tests and a measure of global functioning. Results showed that, for both clinical groups, performance on the computerised shopping task significantly differentiated patients and healthy controls for a number of variables, especially total time and mean time to consult the shopping list. Performances on shopping task variables, in both clinical groups, were also significantly correlated with neuropsychological tests measuring verbal episodic memory, processing speed and selective attention. Finally, performances on the computerised shopping task were significantly correlated with various clinical variables and with global functioning in both patient groups. These findings suggest that the computerised task used in the present study provides a valid indication of the level of everyday life functioning for these clinical populations, and therefore may be viewed as a valuable instrument in both an evaluation and remediation context. [less ▲]

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See detailAuditory verbal hallucinations and hearing voices
Laroi, Frank ULg

Scientific conference (2011, May 10)

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See detailThe effectiveness of the Attention Training Technique in reducing intrusive thoughts in schizophrenia: A case study
Levaux, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Laroi, Frank ULg; Offerlin-Meyer, Isabelle et al

in Clinical Case Studies (2011), 10(6), 466-484

The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the attention training technique (ATT) on the frequency of intrusive thoughts experienced by a person with schizophrenia in her daily life ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the attention training technique (ATT) on the frequency of intrusive thoughts experienced by a person with schizophrenia in her daily life. The attentional procedure was designed to attenuate self-focused attention and to reinforce attentional control and consisted of auditory external exercises. Homework practice was included to promote transfer to everyday life. The efficacy and specificity of the ATT were assessed with cognitive, functional, and control measures. The impact of ATT on symptomatology, work functioning, and self-esteem was also measured. Postrehabilitation results showed that, after nine training sessions, there was a reduction in intrusive thoughts for the cognitive and ecological outcome measures. Selective attention, attention switching, and resistance to distractive interference specifically improved. The person reported a reduction in intrusive thoughts in her daily life. In addition, positive symptoms decreased. Finally, a 6-month follow-up assessment revealed the maintenance of most of the beneficial effects in daily life. [less ▲]

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See detailRelations between a computerized shopping task and cognitive and clinical variables in patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder and alcohol dependency compared with healthy controls.
Laloyaux, Julien ULg; Michel, Céline; Pellegrini, Nadia et al

in Abstract book of the BAPS Annual Meeting 2011 (2011)

Persons diagnosed with bipolar disorder and alcohol dependency are frequently subject to poor everyday life functioning. However, previous studies have primarily used questionnaires or observational ... [more ▼]

Persons diagnosed with bipolar disorder and alcohol dependency are frequently subject to poor everyday life functioning. However, previous studies have primarily used questionnaires or observational methods to assess everyday life functioning, both of which contain a number of limits. In order to address some of these limits, we developed a computerised real-life activity task, in particular, a shopping task where participants are required to shop for a list of 8 grocery store items. Twenty individuals diagnosed with alcoholic dependence and 21 patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder were compared with 20 and 21 matched healthy controls, respectively. All participants completed the shopping task, and both clinical groups were evaluated with an extensive battery of neuropsychological tests and a measure of global functioning. Results showed that, for both clinical groups, performance on the computerised shopping task significantly differentiated patients and healthy controls for a number of variables, especially total time and mean time to consult the shopping list. Performances on shopping task variables, in both clinical groups, were also significantly correlated with neuropsychological tests measuring verbal episodic memory, processing speed and selective attention. Finally, performances on the computerised shopping task were significantly correlated with various clinical variables and with global functioning in both patient groups. These findings suggest that the computerised task used in the present study provides a valid indication of the level of everyday life functioning for these clinical populations, and therefore may be viewed as a valuable instrument in both an evaluation and remediation context. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychosis risk syndrome and DSM V: time for a dimensional approach to At Risk Mental States?
Raballo, Andrea; Laroi, Frank ULg

in Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses (2011), 5

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See detailInsights into hallucinations in schizophrenia: novel treatment approaches
Aleman, André; Laroi, Frank ULg

in Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics (2011), 11

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See detailMurmurs of thought: phenomenology of hallucinatory consciousness in impending psychosis
Raballo, A.; Laroi, Frank ULg

in Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches (2011), 3

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See detailCOMT Val158Met polymorphism, verbalizing of emotion and activation of affective brain systems
Swart, M.; Bruggeman, R.; Laroi, Frank ULg et al

in NeuroImage (2011), 55

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See detailThe influence of encoding style on the production of false memories in the DRM paradigm: New insights on individual differences in false memory susceptibility?
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Laroi, Frank ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Personality & Individual Differences (2011), 50(5), 583-587

Recent research has shown that there are individual differences in how preexisting (internal) schemata (versus cues from the outside world) affect encoding processes, which can be reliably assessed with ... [more ▼]

Recent research has shown that there are individual differences in how preexisting (internal) schemata (versus cues from the outside world) affect encoding processes, which can be reliably assessed with the internal and external Encoding Style Questionnaire (ESQ, Lewicki, 2005). Since reliance on preexisting schemata at encoding has been found to increase the production of false memories in the DRM paradigm (Roediger & McDermott, 1995), while item-specific encoding has been shown to reduce it (see Gallo, 2006), it was examined whether individual differences in encoding style affects the production of such false memories. To this purpose, normal participants were asked to complete a French version of the ESQ questionnaire (Billieux et al., 2009) and were presented with a modified DRM procedure (Brédart, 2000) assessing false recall. The results showed a positive correlation between ESQ scores and false recall showing that internal encoders were more susceptible to false memories than external encoders. [less ▲]

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See detailCroyances métacognitives et hallucinations
Laroi, Frank ULg

Conference (2010, November 18)

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See detailEmotion, faux souvenirs DRM et vieillissement normal
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Laroi, Frank ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

Poster (2010, September)

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See detailPsychiatry and the humanities: the contribution of cinema
Laroi, Frank ULg; Raballo, Andrea

Conference (2010, February 27)

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See detailHallucinations: historical concepts, characteristics, epidemiology and models
Laroi, Frank ULg

Scientific conference (2010, January 13)

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See detailAssessment of hallucinations
Bell, Vaughan; Raballo, Andrea; Laroi, Frank ULg

in Laroi, Frank; Aleman, André (Eds.) Hallucinations: A guide to treatment and management (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)