References of "LOUIS, Renaud"
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See detailBeyond corticosteroids: future prospects in the management of inflammation in COPD.
Roche, N.; Marthan, R.; Berger, P. et al

in European Respiratory Review (2011), 20(121), 175-82

Inflammation plays a central role in the pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Exposure to cigarette smoke induces the recruitment of inflammatory cells in the airways and ... [more ▼]

Inflammation plays a central role in the pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Exposure to cigarette smoke induces the recruitment of inflammatory cells in the airways and stimulates innate and adaptive immune mechanisms. Airway inflammation is involved in increased bronchial wall thickness, increased bronchial smooth muscle tone, mucus hypersecretion and loss of parenchymal elastic structures. Oxidative stress impairs tissue integrity, accelerates lung ageing and reduces the efficacy of corticosteroids by decreasing levels of histone deacetylase-2. Protease-antiprotease imbalance impairs tissues and is involved in inflammatory processes. Inflammation is also present in the pulmonary artery wall and at the systemic level in COPD patients, and may be involved in COPD-associated comorbidities. Proximal airways inflammation contributes to symptoms of chronic bronchitis while distal and parenchymal inflammation relates to airflow obstruction, emphysema and hyperinflation. Basal levels of airways and systemic inflammation are increased in frequent exacerbators. Inhaled corticosteroids are much less effective in COPD than in asthma, which relates to the intrinsically poor reversibility of COPD-related airflow obstruction and to molecular mechanisms of resistance relating to oxidative stress. Ongoing research aims at developing new drugs targeting more intimately COPD-specific mechanisms of inflammation, hypersecretion and tissue destruction and repair. Among new anti-inflammatory agents, phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitors have been the first to emerge. [less ▲]

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See detailBPCO et inflammation : mise au point d'un groupe d'experts. Comment traiter l'inflammation ?
Roche, N.; Devillier, P.; Aguilaniu, B. et al

in Revue des Maladies Respiratoires (2011), 28(4), 427-42

INTRODUCTION: Management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has made considerable progress over the last 15 years, with the development of pulmonary rehabilitation, new molecules to ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has made considerable progress over the last 15 years, with the development of pulmonary rehabilitation, new molecules to facilitate smoking cessation, and several medical treatments. Many therapeutic needs, however, remain to be met. STATE OF THE ART: Several lines of research on inflammation and COPD are promising, and some will probably result in new treatments. These may target specific populations, identified by clinical phenotype or by biomarkers. The forthcoming arrival of iPDE-4s on the market illustrates how knowledge of inflammation and remodeling and of some of the underlying mechanisms finally, after many years' development, has broadened the range of treatments available to help improve patients' daily life and outcomes. PERSPECTIVES AND CONCLUSIONS: The availability of such treatments, however, does not mean that knowledge of the disease in the general population and among healthcare workers can be neglected. Early detection (at a stage when treatment can already be effective) and patient education which promotes therapeutic compliance and lasting lifestyle change need to be developed further. [less ▲]

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See detailInduced sputum in asthma: from bench to bedside.
Bakakos, P.; SCHLEICH, FLorence ULg; Alchanatis, M. et al

in Current medicinal chemistry (2011), 18(10), 1415-22

During recent years there has been a growing interest in using non-invasive biomarkers to understand and monitor the airway inflammation in subjects with respiratory tract disorders and mainly asthma and ... [more ▼]

During recent years there has been a growing interest in using non-invasive biomarkers to understand and monitor the airway inflammation in subjects with respiratory tract disorders and mainly asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Sputum induction is generally a well-tolerated and safe procedure and a European Respiratory Society Task Force has published a comprehensive review on sputum methodology. Induced sputum cell count and, to a lesser extent, mediator measurements have been particularly well validated. In asthma, the sputum and the cell culture supernatant can be used for the measurement of a variety of soluble mediators, including eosinophil-derived proteins, nitric oxide (NO) derivatives, cytokines and remodelling-associated proteins. Sputum eosinophilia (> 3%) is a classic feature of asthma although half of the patients seems to be non eosinophilic. Measuring the percentage of sputum eosinophils has proved to be useful in the clinical arena in helping to predict short term response to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and tailor the dose of ICS in the severe patients but there is scope for the application of other induced sputum markers potentially useful in clinical practice. The widespread application of induced sputum in asthma across the spectrum of disease severity has given insight into the relationship between airway function and airway inflammation, proposed new disease phenotypes and defined which of these phenotypes respond to current therapy, and perhaps most importantly provided an additional tool to guide the clinical management of asthmatic patients. To date sputum induction is the only non-invasive measure of airway inflammation that has a clearly proven role in asthma management. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. La triade "classique" de présentation de certains cancers bronchiolo-alvéolaires mucineux.
Figiel, S.; de Leval, Laurence ULg; Rousie, C. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(11), 611-4

The case of a 59-year-old female complaining of cough of recent onset, abundant salty expectoration and lung condensation is presented. This "triad" constitutes a rare but nearly pathognomonic ... [more ▼]

The case of a 59-year-old female complaining of cough of recent onset, abundant salty expectoration and lung condensation is presented. This "triad" constitutes a rare but nearly pathognomonic presentation of mucinous bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) of the lung. [less ▲]

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See detailEchographie endobronchique: une nouvelle technique d'investigation du mediastin
DUYSINX, Bernard ULg; HEINEN, Vincent ULg; Mobarak Zadeh, K. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65 Spec no.

Mediastin pathology includes primary lesion and lymph node invasion. The exploration of this anatomical region remains difficult and even hazardous, particularly to obtain histological biopsies. No ... [more ▼]

Mediastin pathology includes primary lesion and lymph node invasion. The exploration of this anatomical region remains difficult and even hazardous, particularly to obtain histological biopsies. No invasive diagnostic exploration (thorax tomodensitometry and positron emission tomography) allows a histological precision, so mediastinoscopy remains the gold standard in the mediastinum investigation. However, it is not deprived of risk. Recently, guided biopsies and real-time transbronchial needle aspiration by endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) have been shown to increase the diagnostic yield over conventional bronchoscopic techniques. Therefore, EBUS is a suitable alternative to mediastinoscopy in the diagnosis of pulmonary or extra-thoracic malignancy, in the staging of mediastinal lymphadenopathy, and in the evaluation of mediastinal response after induction therapy. In the present paper, we present this new diagnostic approach and clarify the current indications of EBUS. [less ▲]

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See detailPneumopathies organisées: à propos de 3 cas
Nepper, S.; Frusch, Nicolas ULg; Louis, Renaud ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(10), 549-55

Infiltrative lung lesions are not always linked to infectious processes or cancers. An interesting entity, the OP (Organizing Pneumonia) or COP (Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia)--formerly BOOP ... [more ▼]

Infiltrative lung lesions are not always linked to infectious processes or cancers. An interesting entity, the OP (Organizing Pneumonia) or COP (Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia)--formerly BOOP (Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia)--is discussed through observations repor. ted in this article. We provide some keys to allow the astute observer to target this often curable disease. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution of positron emission tomography in pleural disease.
Duysinx, Bernard ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Larock, Marie-Paule ULg et al

in Revue des Maladies Respiratoires (2010), 27(8), 47-53

INTRODUCTION: Positron emission tomography (PET) now plays a clear role in oncology, especially in chest tumours. We discuss the value of metabolic imaging in characterising pleural pathology in the light ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Positron emission tomography (PET) now plays a clear role in oncology, especially in chest tumours. We discuss the value of metabolic imaging in characterising pleural pathology in the light of our own experience and review the literature. BACKGROUND: PET is particularly useful in characterising malignant pleural pathologies and is a factor of prognosis in mesothelioma. Metabolic imaging also provides clinical information for staging lung cancer, in researching the primary tumour in metastatic pleurisy and in monitoring chronic or recurrent pleural pathologies. CONCLUSIONS: PET should therefore be considered as a useful tool in the diagnosis of liquid or solid pleural pathologies. [less ▲]

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See detailBPCO et inflammation: mise au point d'un groupe d'experts. Les mecanismes de l'inflammation et du remodelage.
Aubier, M.; Marthan, R.; Berger, P. et al

in Revue des Maladies Respiratoires (2010), 27(10), 1254-1266

The present study reviews the literature on inflammation and remodelling mechanisms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The development of COPD is associated with chronic pulmonary ... [more ▼]

The present study reviews the literature on inflammation and remodelling mechanisms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The development of COPD is associated with chronic pulmonary inflammation. Immunity (innate or adaptive) plays a role in its onset and continuation. Airways inflammation alters bronchial structure/function relations: increased bronchial wall thickness, increased bronchial smooth muscle tone, seromucosal gland hypersecretion and loss of elastic structures. Circulating markers of pulmonary inflammation indicate its systemic dissemination. Oxidative stress plays a major role in the onset and persistence of tissue abnormalities. The determinants of extra- and intra-cellular redox control are only partially known. Susceptibility genes, antioxidant system insufficiency and reduced levels of anti-age molecules and of histone deacetylation are also involved. The molecular and cellular targets of inflammation and remodelling are numerous and complex. Currently, tools exist to limit inflammation in COPD but not to act on structural remodelling. [less ▲]

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See detailInertie et observance therapeutiques en tant que facteurs influencant le controle de l'asthme.
Louis, Renaud ULg; Manise, Maïté ULg; Sele, Jocelyne ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(5-6), 338-42

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease which can be most often adequately controlled by current medications as demonstrated by multiple randomised clinical trials. Yet most of the recent surveys ... [more ▼]

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease which can be most often adequately controlled by current medications as demonstrated by multiple randomised clinical trials. Yet most of the recent surveys conducted in the real life setting point to an inadequate control in the majority of asthmatics. In addition to factors linked to the hygiene of life, clinician's inertia and patient's lack of adherence to the treatment certainly contribute to poor asthma control. [less ▲]

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See detailHealth status instrument vs. prognostic instrument for assessing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in clinical practice.
Louis, Renaud ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg

in International Journal of Clinical Practice (2010), 64(11), 1465-6

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See detailMMP-19 Deficiency Promotes Tenascin-C Accumulation and Allergen-induced Airway Inflammation.
Guéders, Maud ULg; Hirst, S.; Quesada Calvo, Florence ULg et al

in American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology (2010), 43(3), 286-95

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) recently appeared as key regulators of inflammation, allowing recruitment and clearance of inflammatory cells and modifying the biological activity of many peptidic ... [more ▼]

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) recently appeared as key regulators of inflammation, allowing recruitment and clearance of inflammatory cells and modifying the biological activity of many peptidic mediators by cleavage. MMP-19 is a newly described MMP and preferentially cleaves matrix proteins such as collagens and tenascin-C. The role of MMP-19 in asthma has not been described to date. The purpose of the present study was to assess MMP-19 expression in a murine asthma model and to address biological effects of MMP-19 deficiency in mice. Allergenexposed wild-type (WT) mice displayed an increased expression of MMP-19 mRNA and an increased number of MMP-19-positive cells in the lungs detected by immunohistochemistry. After allergen challenge of MMP-19 knockout (MMP-19-/-) mice, an exacerbated eosinophilic inflammation was detected in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and bronchial tissue along with an increased airway responsiveness to methacholine. A shift towards increased Th2-driven inflammation in MMP-19-/- mice was demonstrated by 1) increased numbers of cells expressing the IL-33 receptor T1/ST2 in lung parenchyma, 2) increased IgG1 levels in serum and 3) higher levels of IL-13 and CCL11 in lung extracts. Tenascin-C was found accumulated in peribronchial areas of MMP-19-/- after allergen challenges as assessed by Western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis. We conclude that MMP-19 is a new mediator in asthma, preventing tenascin-C accumulation and directly or indirectly controlling Th2-driven airway eosinophilia and airway hyperreactivity. Our data suggest that MMP-19 might act on Th2 inflammation homeostasis through preventing tenascin protein accumulation. [less ▲]

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See detailExhaled nitric oxide thresholds associated with a sputum eosinophil count >=3% in a cohort of unselected patients with asthma.
Schleich, FLorence ULg; Seidel, Laurence ULg; Sele, Jocelyne ULg et al

in Thorax (2010), 65(12), 1039-1044

Background It has been claimed that exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) could be regarded as a surrogate marker for sputum eosinophil count in patients with asthma. However, the FeNO threshold value that ... [more ▼]

Background It has been claimed that exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) could be regarded as a surrogate marker for sputum eosinophil count in patients with asthma. However, the FeNO threshold value that identifies a sputum eosinophil count >/=3% in an unselected population of patients with asthma has been poorly studied. Methods This retrospective study was conducted in 295 patients with asthma aged 15-84 years recruited from the asthma clinic of University Hospital of Liege. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve and logistic regression analysis were used to assess the relationship between sputum eosinophil count and FeNO, taking into account covariates such as inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), smoking, atopy, age and sex. Results Derived from the ROC curve, FeNO >/=41 ppb gave 65% sensitivity and 79% specificity (AUC=0.777, p=0.0001) for identifying a sputum eosinophil count >/=3%. Using logistic regression analysis, a threshold of 42 ppb was found to discriminate between eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic asthma (p<0.0001). Patients receiving high doses of ICS (>/=1000 mug beclometasone) had a significantly lower FeNO threshold (27 ppb) than the rest of the group (48 ppb, p<0.05). Atopy also significantly altered the threshold (49 ppb for atopic vs 30 ppb for non-atopic patients, p<0.05) and there was a trend for a lower threshold in smokers (27 ppb) compared with non-smokers (46 ppb, p=0.066). Age and sex did not affect the relationship between FeNO and sputum eosinophilia. When combining all variables into the logistic model, FeNO (p<0.0001), high-dose ICS (p<0.05) and smoking (p<0.05) were independent predictors of sputum eosinophilia, while there was a trend for atopy (p=0.086). Conclusion FeNO is able to identify a sputum eosinophil count >/=3% with reasonable accuracy and thresholds which vary according to dose of ICS, smoking and atopy. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of concomitant rhinitis on asthma-related quality of life and asthma control.
Vandenplas, O.; Dramaix, M.; Joos, G. et al

in Allergy (2010)

To cite this article: Vandenplas O, Dramaix M, Joos G, Louis R, Michils A, Verleden G, Vincken W, Vints A-M, Herbots E, Bachert C. The impact of concomitant rhinitis on asthma-related quality of life and ... [more ▼]

To cite this article: Vandenplas O, Dramaix M, Joos G, Louis R, Michils A, Verleden G, Vincken W, Vints A-M, Herbots E, Bachert C. The impact of concomitant rhinitis on asthma-related quality of life and asthma control. Allergy 2010; DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2010.02365.x. Abstract Background: Characterizing the interactions between the upper and lower airways is important for the management of asthma. This study aimed at assessing the specific impact of concomitant rhinitis on asthma-related quality of life (QOL) and asthma control. Methods: A cross-sectional, observational survey was conducted among 1173 patients with asthma (aged 12-45) recruited by general practitioners and chest physicians. AR was defined by self-reported rhinitis symptoms and previously documented sensitization to inhalant allergens. The primary outcomes were (1) asthma control assessed by the Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ) and (2) asthma-specific QOL evaluated through the Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (mAQLQ). Results: AR was present in 73.9% of the population with asthma and nonallergic rhinitis (NAR) in 13.6%. AR and NAR were associated with an increased risk of uncontrolled asthma (i.e. ACQ score > 1.5) with adjusted odds ratios (OR) of 2.00 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.35-2.97) and 1.77 (95%CI: 1.09-2.89), respectively. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that AR and NAR had a modest, although significant, negative impact on the global mAQLQ score (beta coefficient: -0.293, standard error [SE]: 0.063 and beta coefficient: -0.221, SE: 0.080, P < 0.001, respectively), even after adjustment for the level of asthma control and demographic characteristics. Conclusion: This survey provides direct evidence that AR and NAR are associated with an incremental adverse impact on the disease-specific QOL of patients with asthma and the level of asthma control. Further investigations are required to determine whether appropriate treatment of rhinitis would efficiently reduce asthma morbidity. [less ▲]

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See detailCytokine production from sputum cells and blood leukocytes in asthmatics according to disease severity.
Manise, Maïté ULg; Schleich, FLorence ULg; Gusbin, Natacha ULg et al

in Allergy (2010), 65(7), 889-96

BACKGROUND: Although mild to moderate asthma is known to be Th2 driven, cytokines produced in refractory asthma might not fit the classical Th2 pattern. METHODS: The aim of our study was to assess the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Although mild to moderate asthma is known to be Th2 driven, cytokines produced in refractory asthma might not fit the classical Th2 pattern. METHODS: The aim of our study was to assess the cytokine production by sputum and blood cells from 15 refractory asthmatics (American Thoracic Society Criteria) compared to 15 mild untreated and 17 moderate treated asthmatics and 22 healthy subjects. Spontaneous production of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-10, interferon-gamma, and tumor necrosis factor alpha was measured by immunotrapping after 24 h sputum or blood cell culture. RESULTS: Moderate and refractory asthmatics were both characterized by a lower production of IL-6 from their airway cells compared to healthy subjects. However, the difference was no longer significant when expressing the results per gram of sputum. No significant difference between the three groups was found regarding other cytokines. As for cytokine production from blood, the three groups of asthmatics exhibited raised production of IL-4 when compared to healthy subjects, and this was true when results were expressed per blood volume or after normalization for total leukocyte cell count. Moderate asthmatics exhibited greater production of IL-10 when compared to refractory asthmatics and healthy subjects when results were normalized for total leukocyte cell count. CONCLUSIONS: Sputum cells from moderate and refractory asthmatics release less IL-6. While the systemic overproduction of IL-4 was observed through the all spectrum of asthma severity, moderate asthmatics exhibited greater systemic IL-10 production compared to refractory asthmatics. [less ▲]

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See detailBiomarker discovery in asthma-related inflammation and remodeling.
Quesada Calvo, Florence ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg; De Seny, Dominique ULg et al

in Proteomics (2009), 9(8), 2163-2170

Asthma is a complex inflammatory disease of airways. A network of reciprocal interactions between inflammatory cells, peptidic mediators, extracellular matrix components, and proteases is thought to be ... [more ▼]

Asthma is a complex inflammatory disease of airways. A network of reciprocal interactions between inflammatory cells, peptidic mediators, extracellular matrix components, and proteases is thought to be involved in the installation and maintenance of asthma-related airway inflammation and remodeling. To date, new proteic mediators displaying significant activity in the pathophysiology of asthma are still to be unveiled. The main objective of this study was to uncover potential target proteins by using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS) on lung samples from mouse models of allergen-induced airway inflammation and remodeling. In this model, we pointed out several protein or peptide peaks that were preferentially expressed in diseased mice as compared to controls. We report the identification of different five proteins: found inflammatory zone 1 or RELM (FIZZ-1), calcyclin (S100A6), clara cell secretory protein 10 (CC10), Ubiquitin, and Histone H4. [less ▲]

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See detailSevere asthma: how can we differentiate phenotypes?
Louis, Renaud ULg

in Swiss Medical Weekly : Official Journal of the Swiss Society of Infectious Diseases, the Swiss Society of Internal Medicine, the Swiss Society of Pneumology (2009), 139(19-20), 274-7

Difficult-to-treat asthma, severe asthma or refractory asthma are all terms defining a fraction of asthmatics (5-10%) whose asthma cannot be controlled with a combination of high-dose inhaled corticoids ... [more ▼]

Difficult-to-treat asthma, severe asthma or refractory asthma are all terms defining a fraction of asthmatics (5-10%) whose asthma cannot be controlled with a combination of high-dose inhaled corticoids together with long-acting b2 agonists.One major step before claiming that a patient has difficult-to-treat asthma is to ensure that asthma is the correct diagnosis. This involves taking a history of symptoms suggestive of asthma together with objective evidence of variable airflow limitation and/or airway hyperresponsiveness, calling for an intensive initial investigation taking in associated comorbid conditions and multiple re-evaluations over a period of at least 6 months.The pathophysiology of severe/refractory asthma is likely to be different from that of the mild to moderate form. The immune mechanisms underlying the inflammatory process are not purely Th2. The contribution of allergic mechanisms is usually less prominent than in mild to moderate asthma, and other environmental factors such as air pollution, including tobacco smoke and viruses, may be determinant. Involvement of small airways causing air trapping appears to be crucial in making asthma refractory to classic treatment.Several phenotypes have been identified on the basis of demographic, functional, pathological and clinical characteristics, which may sometimes overlap.A cluster analysis has identified two clusters specific to refractory asthma: an early onset symptom-predominant asthma and a late onset inflammation-predominant form.Teasing out mechanisms underlying different phenotypes is essential in finding a new treatment target to improve asthma control in these patients. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociation between asthma control and bronchial hyperresponsiveness and airways inflammation: a cross-sectional study in daily practice.
Quaedvlieg, Valérie ULg; Sele, Jocelyne ULg; Henket, Monique ULg et al

in Clinical & Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy & Clinical Immunology (2009), 39

Summary Background The primary end-point in the management of asthma is to obtain optimal control. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between the markers of airway inflammation (sputum ... [more ▼]

Summary Background The primary end-point in the management of asthma is to obtain optimal control. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between the markers of airway inflammation (sputum eosinophilia and exhaled nitric oxide), bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and asthma control. Methods One hundred and thirty-four patients were recruited from our asthma clinic between January 2004 and September 2005 [mean age: 42 years, mean forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)): 86% predicted]. Eighty-six of them were treated by inhaled corticosteroids, 99 were atopic and 23 were current smokers. They all underwent detailed investigations including fractional-exhaled nitric oxide (FE(NO)) measurement, sputum induction and methacholine challenge when FEV(1) was >70% predicted, and filled in a validated asthma control questionnaire (ACQ6 Juniper). Results When dividing patients into the three groups according to their level of asthma control determined by ACQ [well-controlled asthma (ACQ score </=0.75), borderline (0.75<ACQ score <1.5) and uncontrolled asthma (ACQ score >/=1.5)], it appeared that uncontrolled asthmatics had a greater BHR to methacholine and sputum eosinophilia than controlled asthma (P<0.05, P<0.001, respectively). By contrast, we failed to show significant differences in the FE(NO) levels between the groups. With receiver-operating characteristic curves for differentiating uncontrolled (ACQ>/=1.5) from controlled and borderline (ACQ<1.5) asthma, sputum eosinophilia and methacholine responsiveness were found to be more accurate than FE(NO) (area under the curve: 0.72, 0.72 and 0.59, respectively). Conclusion In a broad spectrum of asthmatics encountered in clinical practice, sputum eosinophilia and methacholine bronchial hyperresponsiveness, but not FE(NO), are associated with uncontrolled asthma. [less ▲]

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See detailLeukotriene B4 Contributes to Exhaled Breath Condensate and Sputum Neutrophil Chemotaxis in COPD.
Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Henket, Monique ULg; Nguyen Dang, Delphine ULg et al

in CHEST (2009), 136(4), 1047-1054

Background Neutrophils have been implicated in the pathogenesis of COPD. Several chemoattractants for neutrophils have been measured in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and induced-sputum (IS) from ... [more ▼]

Background Neutrophils have been implicated in the pathogenesis of COPD. Several chemoattractants for neutrophils have been measured in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and induced-sputum (IS) from patients with COPD. Objectives The aims of this study were to compare EBC and IS supernatant neutrophil chemotactic activity from ex-smoking COPD and healthy ex-smokers, and to assess the contribution of LTB(4) to this activity. Methods 34 COPD were compared to 24 controls. EBC and IS chemotactic activity for neutrophils were assessed by using Boyden microchambers. Chemotactic index (CI) was used to evaluate cell migration. LTB(4) was measured by a specific enzyme immunoassay. Contribution of LTB4 to EBC and sputum neutrophil chemotaxis was assessed by an LTB(4) receptor antagonist (U-75302: Cayman Chemical Company, Ann Arbor, MI, USA). Results EBC and IS from both COPD and healthy subjects displayed significant neutrophil chemotactic activity but this activity was raised in COPD compared to healthy subjects. Chemotactic activity contained in sputum, however, failed to correlate with that in EBC. In COPD there was a significant correlation between EBC neutrophil chemotactic activity and sputum neutrophil counts. LTB(4) levels were raised in EBC, but not in sputum, from COPD as compared to healthy subjects. LTB(4) receptor antagonist (2.5 10(-4) M) reduced by 44.6% and by 44.4% chemotactic activity contained in EBC and sputum respectively. Conclusions EBC and IS from COPD patients have a raised neutrophil chemotactic activity to which LTB4 contributes. [less ▲]

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See detailInfection par Mycobacterium malmoense chez un sujet immunocompetent.
Guiot, Julien ULg; Ramaut, M.; Massart, B. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(7-8), 390-3

We report the case of a 57-year-old patient in whom we found a pulmonary infection due to Mycobacterium malmoense. This patient had no immunodeficiency and responded quite rapidly to anti-tuberculous ... [more ▼]

We report the case of a 57-year-old patient in whom we found a pulmonary infection due to Mycobacterium malmoense. This patient had no immunodeficiency and responded quite rapidly to anti-tuberculous therapy. He was treated for 6 months by levofloxacine, myambutol, and nicotibine, followed by 3 months of clarithromycine, levofloxacine and myambutol. The patient improved clinically to become asymptomatic and the cavitary lesion shown at the CT-scan slightly decreased. The patient is still currently treated by clarithromycine and ciproxine. [less ▲]

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See detailLa vignette therapeutique de l'etudiant. Quand l'asthme se revele.
Louis, Renaud ULg; Schleich, FLorence ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(9), 474-8

Asthma is a frequent chronic inflammatory disease which is often mistaken for simple bronchitis. The diagnosis is based on the association of symptoms and excessive airway calibre variability. When ... [more ▼]

Asthma is a frequent chronic inflammatory disease which is often mistaken for simple bronchitis. The diagnosis is based on the association of symptoms and excessive airway calibre variability. When symptoms are present more than once a week, it is recommended to give low dose inhaled corticoids as a maintenance treatment together with, as needed, rapid acting beta2 agonist. In addition it is crucial to provide the patient with an education on the disease to reinforce adherence to the treatment. [less ▲]

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