References of "Léonard, Angélique"
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See detailBrain trains: scenario development to explore intermodal rail transport expansion in, from and towards Belgium
Troch, Frank; Vanelslander, Thierry; Belboom, Sandra ULg et al

Conference (2015, September)

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See detailUSING OF AN EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN TO CHARACTERIZE THE CONVECTIVE DRYING BEHAVIOR OF DIFFERENT SLUDGES
Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg; Herbreteau, Benjamin et al

in Drying Technology (2015, August 18), 33(11), 1302-1308

Drying appears as a major step prior to valorization of sludge from wastewater treatment plant. This study uses an experimental design on different sludges to highlight the drying behavior according to ... [more ▼]

Drying appears as a major step prior to valorization of sludge from wastewater treatment plant. This study uses an experimental design on different sludges to highlight the drying behavior according to drying conditions, storage and extrusion. This research is performed with industrial view, but on a single cylinder sample, and focuses on five responds: maximum drying flux, time to reach 95% of dry matter, final volume, critical moisture and slowing-down coefficient. [less ▲]

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See detailBrain Trains: Intermodal Rail Freight Transport and Hinterland Connections - A Swot Analysis to Assess the Belgian Rail Practice
Troch, Frank; Vanelslander, Thierry; Sys, Christa et al

in Proceedings of the IAME Annual Conference 2015 (2015, August)

This paper focuses on transversal research of the role and influences of rail freight transport, as a part of intermodal transport in Belgium. The scope of the research concentrates on port hinterland ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on transversal research of the role and influences of rail freight transport, as a part of intermodal transport in Belgium. The scope of the research concentrates on port hinterland flows. A large SWOT analysis of the current situation is conducted, starting from the actual weak usage of this mode of transport. Five different fields have been identified, impacting the economy and society. Each field indicates critical internal strengths and weaknesses for intermodal rail transportation in Belgium, and identifies possible future developments and setbacks. A Delphi-like approach is used, including a heterogeneous panel of experts discussing and validating the SWOT results. To prioritize the characteristics, a survey on the different SWOT elements was performed, asking the experts to rate each statement on its influence and likelihood of happening (level of uncertainty). [less ▲]

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See detailAlgorithmic aspects of converting surface mesh data to volumetric images
Plougonven, Erwan ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

Conference (2015, July 09)

In image analysis, some processes might imply a change or conversion in the structure of the data. The structure types will depend on the processing method and applications, and can consist of pixel data ... [more ▼]

In image analysis, some processes might imply a change or conversion in the structure of the data. The structure types will depend on the processing method and applications, and can consist of pixel data, point sets, finite elements, vector fields, implicit surfaces, graphs, basic shapes (spheres, cylinders, or cubes), etc. The work presented here discusses the problem of converting a triangulated surface mesh to a 3D image, a need that arises for example when using active surface-type segmentation methods of 3D images, shape-fitting, or combining data from laser surface scanning with 3D imaging. During the course of numerous projects, two main classes of mesh-to-image conversions have appeared: those identifying voxels (pixels in a 3D image) that intersect the mesh, or voxels that are contained in the mesh, supposing it defines a closed surface. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiscale structure characterization of sawdust-waste water sludge extrudates dried in a pilot-scale fixed bed
Li, Jie ULg; Plougonven, Erwan ULg; Fraikin, Laurent ULg et al

in Biomass and Bioenergy (2015), 81(0), 98-107

Abstract Convective drying of waste water sludge and sawdust-sludge mixtures in a pilot-scale fixed bed was studied. Drying was performed in a cross-flow convective dryer using 500 g of wet material ... [more ▼]

Abstract Convective drying of waste water sludge and sawdust-sludge mixtures in a pilot-scale fixed bed was studied. Drying was performed in a cross-flow convective dryer using 500 g of wet material extruded through a disk with circular dies 12 mm in diameter. The structure of the bed mainly shows volume shrinkage and crack formation during drying. Several characterization techniques were used over a wide range of scales from nm up to mm. The overall bed structure was imaged with X-ray macrotomography, at a resolution of 0.36 mm per pixel. Single extrudates were scanned with X-ray microtomography, at a resolution of 41 μm per pixel. Pore structure of the dried samples were characterized by mercury porosimetry (7.5 nm < dp < 150 μm). Results show significant structural changes on all scales with increasing amounts of sawdust: shrinkage decreases, crack formation increases, and the pores become larger. This confirms the benefits of sawdust addition for sludge drying applications. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental impact assessment of rail freight intermodality
Merchan Arribas, Angel ULg; Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in Rasouli, Soora; Timmermans, Harry (Eds.) Current issues in transportation research - Proceedings of the BIVEC/GIBET transport research days 2015 (2015, May 28)

The European Commission’s White Paper on transport (European Commission, 2011) seeks to achieve an efficient and sustainable balance between the various transport modes. Environmental impact studies on ... [more ▼]

The European Commission’s White Paper on transport (European Commission, 2011) seeks to achieve an efficient and sustainable balance between the various transport modes. Environmental impact studies on intermodality transport show that rail freight transport is the land-based transport that has a higher environmental performance compared to intermodal road-rail and all-road transport (Fries and Hellweg, 2014), especially when electrified railway is used (Spielmann and Scholz, 2005). Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology allows us to model as best as possible the environmental impacts of several pollutants in numerous categories. For other categories such as accident damages, noise impact and land use, new developments have to be performed. For the environmental impact assessment, all life cycle phases of rail freight transport operation, rail infrastructure, and rail equipment are taken into account (Spielmann et al., 2007). [less ▲]

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See detailLife cycle assessment of biobased chemical building blocks made from European waste streams
Groslambert, Sylvie ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

Poster (2015, May)

Many drivers exist to persuade EU businesses to embrace the opportunities of the circular economy. However, the challenges faced by companies, particularly among SME’s, in the drive for resource ... [more ▼]

Many drivers exist to persuade EU businesses to embrace the opportunities of the circular economy. However, the challenges faced by companies, particularly among SME’s, in the drive for resource efficiency include access to funding, knowledge and capability, and ability to implement cost-effective technological solutions. It was these factors that inspired the creation of the ReNEW network. ReNEW, ‘Resource innovation Network for European Waste’, is a €5 million project funded by the Interreg IVB North West Europe scheme aiming to increase cooperation between research and business endeavours to create value from waste by optimising novel technologies for extracting materials from waste and their reuse in the supply chain. ReNEW also aims to inform local, national and European policy makers, and to share transnational best practice and improve specific support to meet the innovation needs of the waste sector. Within the frame of this project, several technologies are investigated by partners to improve the valorisation of organic wastes in chemicals such as the production of furfural (C5H4O2 - CAS 98-01-1) by the chemical hydrolysis of contaminated/hazardous woody biomass. [less ▲]

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See detailLIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF ANTHROPIC WATER
Groslambert, Sylvie ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

Poster (2015, May)

In its Regional Policy Statement for 2009-2014, the Walloon Government (Belgium) undertakes to make Wallonia a model of good governance. Applying this principle in the field of the environment needs to be ... [more ▼]

In its Regional Policy Statement for 2009-2014, the Walloon Government (Belgium) undertakes to make Wallonia a model of good governance. Applying this principle in the field of the environment needs to be based on a continuous, objective and strict evaluation of the evolution of the state of environmental components (air, water, soil, biodiversity, etc.), the pressures to which they are subjected, the resultant impacts and the measures taken to improve living conditions within our Region. Within this framework, the General Operational Direction of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment (DGARNE) realises reports on the state of the environment in Wallonia, in close collaboration with universities and research centres. A chapter is dedicated to the efficient use of water resources, including a life cycle assessment of anthropic water and rain water harvesting. [less ▲]

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See detailBRAIN TRAINS: Intermodal rail freight transport and hinterland connections A SWOT analysis to assess the Belgian rail practice
Troch, Frank; Vanelslander, Thierry; Belboom, Sandra ULg et al

Scientific conference (2015, May)

This paper focuses on transversal research of the role and influences of rail freight transport, as a part of intermodal transport in Belgium. A SWOT analysis of the current situation is conducted ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on transversal research of the role and influences of rail freight transport, as a part of intermodal transport in Belgium. A SWOT analysis of the current situation is conducted, starting from the actual weak usage of this mode of transport. Five different fields have been identified, impacting the economy and society. Each field indicates critical internal strengths and weaknesses for intermodal rail transportation in Belgium, and identifies possible future developments and setbacks. A Delphi-like approach is used, including a heterogeneous panel of experts, discussing and validating the SWOT results. To prioritize the characteristics, a survey on the different SWOT elements is performed, asking the experts to rate each statement on its influence and likelihood of happening, indicating the level of uncertainty. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes the production of Belgian bioethanol fit with European requirements on GHG emissions? Case of wheat
Belboom, Sandra ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in Biomass & Bioenergy (2015), 74

This paper undertakes an environmental evaluation of bioethanol production, using wheat cultivated in Belgium. Cultivation steps are modelled using Belgian specific data. Wheat transformation in ethanol ... [more ▼]

This paper undertakes an environmental evaluation of bioethanol production, using wheat cultivated in Belgium. Cultivation steps are modelled using Belgian specific data. Wheat transformation in ethanol relies on industrial data. GHG emissions of the whole life cycle are calculated and compared with the default values given by the European Renewable Energy Directive. Belgian wheat bioethanol achieves a 5% higher GHG reduction than the one mentioned in the European directive but impact repartition is different with a higher importance of cultivation step in our case. Belgian wheat bioethanol complies with the current sustainability criteria but is also able to conform to further ones. Sensitivity analyses are performed on the importance of N fertilizers and associated emissions known as main important parameters. These analyses reveal non negligible variations and then a range of available GHG reduction when using wheat bioethanol. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental Investigation of Hydromechanical Coupling During Clay Drying
Prime, Noémie; Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg et al

in Drying Technology (2015), 33(15-16), 1821-1829

Boom clay is studied as a potential host rock for underground nuclear waste storage. This experimental work analyzes its response under the convective drying conditions that may be applied in case of ... [more ▼]

Boom clay is studied as a potential host rock for underground nuclear waste storage. This experimental work analyzes its response under the convective drying conditions that may be applied in case of contact with the ambient atmosphere (during disposal drilling, for instance) or with gallery ventilation (because of damage in gallery lining). The drying kinetics is first established. In a second phase, the cracking and shrinkage onset and development are focused on, thanks to an X-ray microtomography device. The results show a phase of ideal shrinkage and a phase of shrinkage with desaturation, which are closely related to the kinetics. Cracking and shrinkage progressively develop from the drying surface, up to values representing about 3 and 12% of the cross section area, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation between morphology and electrical conductivity of dried and carbonized multi-walled carbon nanotube/resorcinol–formaldehyde xerogel composites
Haghgoo, M.; Yousefi, A. A.; Mehr, M. J. Z. et al

in Journal of Materials Science (2015), 20

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (17 ULg)