References of "Krzesinski, Jean-Marie"
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See detailAre ACE-inhibitors or ARB's still needed for cardiovascular prevention in high risk patients? Insights from PRoFESS and TRANSCEND
Van Mieghem, W.; Billiouw, J.-M.; Brohet, C. et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2010), 65-2

The HOPE and EUROPA clinical studies have shown that treatment with the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, ramipril and perindopril, may reduce the occurence of major cardiovascular events in ... [more ▼]

The HOPE and EUROPA clinical studies have shown that treatment with the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, ramipril and perindopril, may reduce the occurence of major cardiovascular events in patients with proven atherosclerotic disease. The recently published results of the PRoFESS and TRANSCEND trials completed the much needed information concerning the use of an angiotensin receptor blocker for patients at high risk of cardiovascular events. PRoFESS compared a therapy of telmisartan 80 mg daily with placebo in patients with a recent ischemic stroke. The difference in the primary outcome of first recurrent stroke was not statistically significant between telmisartan and placebo. The secondary outcome of major cardiovascular events showed a relative risk reduction (RRR) of 7% in favour of telmsartan. This tended to be significant (p=0.06) despite a rather short follow-up period of only 28 months. In TRANSCEND 5,926 patients at high risk for cardiovascular events were randomized to a treatment with telmisartan 80 mg daily or placebo for a mean duration of follow-up of 56 months. The primary composite outcome of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke or hospitalization for heart failure showed a non-significant 8% RRR in favour of the telmisartan treated patients. The main secondary outcome of cardiovascular death and myocardial infarction or stroke as used in the HOPE trial showed a non-significant RRR of 13% in favour of telmisartan treated patients (p=0,068 adjusted for multiplicity of comparisons). In comparing the Kaplan-Meier curves for the endpoint of major cardiovascular events used in HOPE, EUROPA, TRANSCEND and PRoFESS, the trends are similar. Results of most of th recently published trials have been neutral. This could partly be explained by major improvements in the optimal background therapy of the patients included. Nevertheless, the results of PRoFESS and TRANSCEND do not contradict the results from previous studies with the ACE inhibitors ramipril and perindopril and the ARB telmisartan. [less ▲]

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See detailLa néphropathie tubulo-interstitielle aiguë: une cause rare d’insuffisance rénale aiguë
Bouquegneau, A.; Longton, J.; Bovy, Christophe ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(7-8), 459-463

We report the case of an acute renal failure due to an acute interstitial nephropathy (ATIN) induced by non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). Even though this pathology is a rare cause of acute ... [more ▼]

We report the case of an acute renal failure due to an acute interstitial nephropathy (ATIN) induced by non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). Even though this pathology is a rare cause of acute renal failure, it still requires special attention in view of the fact that it induces a high risk of acute morbidity but it also can evolve into chronic renal failure. Its differential diagnosis with other causes of acute renal failure becomes essential because of the different therapeutic care. In this article, we are going to briefly sum up the reasoning to adopt in order to diagnose an acute renal failure. [less ▲]

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See detailL’image du mois. Localisation rénale d’un lymphome
Dispas, Hélène; Delperdange, Mélanie; Meunier, Paul ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(7-8), 427-429

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See detailInertie thérapeutique en hypertension artérielle: pourquoi et comment combattre cette attitude?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(5-6), 273-277

Therapeutic inertia, i.e. the absence of introduction of an antihypertensive treatment or on adjustment of its intensity by the medical doctor if the blood pressure is elevated or the goal not reached, is ... [more ▼]

Therapeutic inertia, i.e. the absence of introduction of an antihypertensive treatment or on adjustment of its intensity by the medical doctor if the blood pressure is elevated or the goal not reached, is frequent and does play a role in the insufficient control of blood presure in the hypertensive population. The responsibility of the medical doctor is high in this respect. A strict medical approach is required, step by step, to correct this lack of reaction. [less ▲]

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See detailL'observance thérapeutique en transplantation d'organe - L'exemple de la greffe de rein
Milicevic, Martina ULg; Grosch, Stéphanie ULg; Weekers, Laurent ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(5-6), 386-390

A successful transplantation implies that immunosuppressive drugs will have to be taken during the whole patient’s life. Poor drug compliance is a multifactorial problem, that is particularly dangerous in ... [more ▼]

A successful transplantation implies that immunosuppressive drugs will have to be taken during the whole patient’s life. Poor drug compliance is a multifactorial problem, that is particularly dangerous in organ transplantation as it can lead to loss of graft function and return to dialysis treatment. The medical doctor must stimulate the patient’s adherence to the strict therapeutic drug protocol. The patient must also be reminded at each medical consultation of the importance of such rigorous drug intake. This bad (or non) compliance is particularly well demonstrated a long time after transplantation. The medical staff, all the health participants, but also the family members must continuously fight against non compliance, which is inherent to any chronic disease. [less ▲]

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See detailImportance de la mauvaise adhésion au traitement antihypertenseur
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Krzesinski, François ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(5-6), 278-284

S’il est unanimement admis que le traitement de l’hypertension artérielle améliore le pronostic cardiovasculaire des patients qui en sont atteints, force est de constater que la moitié des patients ... [more ▼]

S’il est unanimement admis que le traitement de l’hypertension artérielle améliore le pronostic cardiovasculaire des patients qui en sont atteints, force est de constater que la moitié des patients traités n’ont pas leur pression artérielle normalisée. Un des facteurs responsables de ce relatif échec est la mauvaise adhésion au traitement (non médicamenteux et pharmacologique). Ce problème d’observance est multifactoriel. Interviennent le patient, sa maladie, son traitement et l’environnement thérapeutique où la relation médecin-malade joue un grand rôle. Pour améliorer l’observance, comme d’ailleurs la persistance du traitement, il faut d’abord y penser. Le dialogue avec le patient sur l’observance doit être mené à chaque consultation. Une excellente relation médecin-patient, une éducation sur l’hypertension, ses risques et les moyens d’éviter les complications, le choix de schémas de traitement bien tolérés, simplifiés et introduits progressivement, la recherche et la limitation des effets secondaires générés, le partenariat de la famille et du pharmacien dans la prise en charge, la stimulation de l’automesure de la pression artérielle par le patient sont autant de pistes importantes pour améliorer ce paramètre. Ceci permettrait, à coup sûr, de réduire les complications cardiovasculaires liées à l’hypertension et le coût pour la société. [less ▲]

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See detailReference values of central blood pressure and pulse wave velocity in relations with 24 hours ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in Belgian normotensive young subjects
Saint-Remy, Annie ULg; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Journal of Hypertension (2010), 28

The present study aimed to define reference values of central blood pressure (cBP) and Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) together with 24H APPM in healththy normotensive young adults before starting a follow-up ... [more ▼]

The present study aimed to define reference values of central blood pressure (cBP) and Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) together with 24H APPM in healththy normotensive young adults before starting a follow-up of their CV profile modifications over time. [less ▲]

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See detailLa vignette thérapeutiqu de l'étudiant Diagnostic différentiel étiologique des oedmes
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(11), 655-661

Oedema is a frequent disorder and the easily detectable consequence of an increase of fluid located in the interstitial tissue. It could be localized or generalized and related either to a primary ... [more ▼]

Oedema is a frequent disorder and the easily detectable consequence of an increase of fluid located in the interstitial tissue. It could be localized or generalized and related either to a primary disturbance of hemodynamics at the capillary level, due to a modification of the Starling’s law components with secondary water and saline retention, or to a primary retention of salt and water linked to a kidney abnormality. Generalized forms are pitting oedema, most often painless, white, bilateral and symmetric, distributed at the lower part of the body (localisation according to the gravitation law). They are different in their characteristics from localized oedema or lymphoedema which are tough. We propose a diagnostic approach based on medical history, clinical examination which allows a confident medical diagnosis and so an adapted therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailLa creatinine : d'hier a aujourd'hui.
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Maillard, Nicolas et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2010), 68(5), 531-43

Serum creatinine is certainly one of the most prescribed biological parameters. In this review article, we remind some historical data regarding creatinine. Different methodologies to measure creatinine ... [more ▼]

Serum creatinine is certainly one of the most prescribed biological parameters. In this review article, we remind some historical data regarding creatinine. Different methodologies to measure creatinine in blood and urine are deeply described. We also discuss the physiological reason for its use as a glomerular filtration rate marker. However, analytical and physiological limitations are described and discussed. Creatinine clearance usefulness is finally largely discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailConcepts actuels de l'hyperaldostéronisme primaire
Vroonen, Laurent ULg; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Hamoir, Etienne ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(10), 583-587

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See detailUrinary NGAL: Use of absolute value or ratio to creatinine?
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Bekaert, Anne-Catherine ULg; Legrand, Delphine ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2010), 65-3

Introduction: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has emerged as a promising marker for the detection of acute kidney injury. This marker has been proposed for urinary measurement. However ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has emerged as a promising marker for the detection of acute kidney injury. This marker has been proposed for urinary measurement. However, in the literature, authors indistinctly use "absolute" value or NGAL to creatinine ratio. Up to now, there are no strong arguments favouring for one. This question is of importance as this marker is sensed to be used only on urine random samples. To find an answer to this very practical matter, one approach could be to compare biological CV(intra-individual variation) of the "absolute" and ratio results. [less ▲]

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See detailUrinary or plasma NGAL?: Analytical point of view
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Saarbach, D.; Bekaert, Anne-Catherine ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2010)

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See detailÉpidémiologie de la maladie rénale chronique en République démocratique du Congo: une revue synthétique des études de Kinshasa, la capitale
Sumaili, E. K.; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Cohen, E. P. et al

in Néphrologie & Thérapeutique (2010), 6

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem. Little is known about its burden in Africa. This paper reviews the knowledge of CKD in Kinshasa, summarizing four studies undertaken in ... [more ▼]

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem. Little is known about its burden in Africa. This paper reviews the knowledge of CKD in Kinshasa, summarizing four studies undertaken in the general population and traditional health system of Kinshasa. CKD was defined by either kidney damage (proteinuria 300 mg/day) or reduced kidney function (eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2). In the general population, the prevalence of CKD all stage is 12.4 %. Our work shows also the high prevalence of proteinuria among subjects who do not have diabetes or hypertension, the lack of early detection and management of CKD risk factors in the traditional health care system leading to late referral or premature deaths, and the limits of renal replacement treatment. CKD affects young people in the DRC, in contrast to the United States, where CKD is more prevalent in older people. Major determinants of CKD in our studies were hypertension, diabetes, overweight, age, lower socioeconomic status, and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Glomerular nephropathy (mainly focal segmental glomerulosclerosis) remains the leading cause of end stage renal disease. An annual screening of the population for proteinuria and CKD risk factors is feasible and will, it is hoped, provide the basis for building a nationwide prevention strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimation of the Stability of Parathyroid Hormone when Stored at -80°C for a Long Period
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Hubert, Philippe ULg et al

in Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (2009), 4(12), 1988-92

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