References of "Kaux, Jean-François"
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See detailEffectiveness of High Intensity Radial Shock Wave Therapy in The Treatment of Chronic Plantar Fasciitis
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Vanderthommen, Marc ULg; Fromm, Aurélien et al

in European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (2016, April), 52(Suppl. 1 No. 2), 733

Introduction: Literature is scarce concerning the effectiveness of high dose radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT). Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate its effectiveness on pain ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Literature is scarce concerning the effectiveness of high dose radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT). Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate its effectiveness on pain, function and pressure pain threshold in patients with chronicplantar fasciitis (PF). Materials and Methods: Patients with a diagnosis of chronic (pain lasting for more than 3 months) uni- or bilateral PF with a history of failed conservative treatment were included. After a 6-week control period during which no treatment occurred, a 2-week treatment period followed by a three weeks of rest (cicatrization phase) was provided. The treatment period consisted of three radial ESWT sessions (2000 impulses of 10 Hz frequency per session with an energy flux density of 0,275mJ/mm2) separated by a one-weekinterval. Patient assessments (pain intensity, foot function and pressure pain threshold (PPT) at the site of maximum local tenderness disability) were conducted at baseline, after the 6-week control phase (pre-treatment) and at the end of the cicatrization phase (post-treatment). Results: Thirty patients (19 women (63.3%)) with chronic PF and a mean age of 51.9±11 years were included in the present study. No drop-out occurred throughout the study period. No changes were observed at the pre-treatment assessment session except for pain intensity which decreased slightly but significantly (P<0.05). At the post-treatment session, highly significant (P<0.001) and clinically meaningful changes occurred for pain intensity (-34%), foot function score (-60%) and PPT (+68%). Conclusions: The present study suggests that high dose radial ESWT is a feasible and effective way to quickly and significantly decrease pain and disability in most patients with chronic PF. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptation transculturelle et validation des questionnaires VISA-P et VISA-A en français
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Oppong-Kyei, Julian et al

in Science & Sports (2016), 31(2), 65-72

Objectives Patellar and calcaneal tendinopathies remain very common musculoskeletal disorders in athletes. The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment – Patellar and – Achilles (VISA-P and VISA-A ... [more ▼]

Objectives Patellar and calcaneal tendinopathies remain very common musculoskeletal disorders in athletes. The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment – Patellar and – Achilles (VISA-P and VISA-A), English questionnaires developed respectively to assess the severity of patellar and calcaneal tendinopathies. The purpose of our study was to validate a French version of these questionnaires. Materials and methods The French translation and intercultural adaptation of the VISA-P and the VISA-A are made according to international recommendations. For these adaptations, 92 (VISA-P) and 116 (VISA-A) subjects were recruited and divided into 3 groups (pathological, asymptotic and sporting risk), in order to test these psychometric properties. All these subjects also had to answer to the MOS SF-36 for the validity of construct. Results The mean VISA-PF scores were 99 for the healthy people, 53 for patients with patellar tendinopathy and 86 for the athletes. The VISA-PF shows excellent reliability with an inter-class correlation coefficient of 0.99. The internal consistency was 0.9 (Cronbach's alpha). The VISA-PF shows low correlations with the divergent sub-scales of the SF-36 and moderate correlations with the convergent sub-scales of the SF-36. The mean VISA-AF scores were 99 in the healthy group, 59 in the pathological group, and 94 in the group of athletes. The VISA-AF shows excellent reliability with an inter-class correlation coefficient of 0.99. The internal consistency was 0.92 (Cronbach's alpha). The VISA-AF shows low correlations with the divergent sub-scales of the SF-36 and moderate correlations with the convergent sub-scales of the SF-36. No floor and ceiling effects were detected during the evaluation of the two questionnaires. Conclusion The French versions of the VISA-P and VISA-A questionnaires are therefore French comprehensible adaptation, reliable and adapted to French-speaking patients suffering from patellar or calcaneal tendinopathies. [less ▲]

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See detailThérapeutiques conservatrices des tendinopathies : quoi de neuf ?
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

in 11ème Congrès d'actualités diagnostiques, éthiques et thérapeutiques de l'arrondissement de Dinant (2016, March 19)

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See detailComparaison de l’impact du « VeinoPlus Sport » et du « TENS » sur la récupération de jeunes footballeurs amateurs
God, Maxime; LE GOFF, Caroline ULg; Evrard, Frédéric et al

in Journal de Traumatologie du Sport (2016), 33(1), 14-19

Aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of “VeinoPlus Sport” on amateur soccer players’ recovery after an intense physical activity (2 drills). Method We proceeded to a comparative study ... [more ▼]

Aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of “VeinoPlus Sport” on amateur soccer players’ recovery after an intense physical activity (2 drills). Method We proceeded to a comparative study between two devices: “VeinoPlus Sport” and “TENS” (used as a control system) on a population of 20 players (average age 17,1±0,8). Under identical conditions each player used the two devices during two separate sessions (called group “VeinoPlus Sport” and group “TENS”). The players performed an intense effort following the YoYo test concept. Four blood samples were taken from each participant and a Myotest evaluation was performed: one before the test, one just after the first intense effort, another after a short recovery time following the first effort, and the last one right after the second intense effort. For statistical analysis, we used the Anova algorithm of the “StatPlus” system and a Scheffé test. Results With both devices, we observed a significant elevation of lactate, HCO3− ions, and myoglobin as time progressed. The analysis of other blood parameters did not show any significant evolution in the course of the testing. The “VeinoPlus Sport” group, after the session, expressed feeling lighter and more fit than usual following an intense physical activity. They did not suffer any pain, tiredness, nor diminishment of strength. The same observation was made with the “TENS” group with the exception that some players felt a bit of soreness in their thigh and calf areas. In general, all participants admitted preferring the use of recovery machines instead of natural recovery. At the same time, none expressed any preferences between either of the devices. Conclusion The main asset of this study resided in the highlighting of minor differences as no way significant between the two machines tested on the chosen population. The “TENS” shows similar results as the “VeinoPlus Sport” even if a slight preference for the latter was expressed. Both devices permitted an equal or even better performance in the second drill in comparison to the first drill. [less ▲]

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See detailTraumatologie du joueur de tennis
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Schaus, Jean; Delvaux, François ULg et al

in Journal de Traumatologie du Sport (2016), 33(1), 43-47

Tennis is a racquet sport with approximately 10 million licensees and 26 million unaffiliated players in Europe. Tennis injuries represent 21%of those generated by rackets sports. Tennis players are ... [more ▼]

Tennis is a racquet sport with approximately 10 million licensees and 26 million unaffiliated players in Europe. Tennis injuries represent 21%of those generated by rackets sports. Tennis players are subject to traumatic and microtraumatic pathologies. This epidemiological review oftennis-related injuries addresses their type and locations, the cause and time of absence, the demographic and gender differences, as well as theinfluence of technique of play and type of field on their impact. [less ▲]

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See detailUsing platelet-rich plasma to treat jumper’s knees: Exploring the effect of a second closely-timed infiltration
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg et al

in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport (2016), 19(3), 200-204

Some clinical series have evaluated the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of proximal patellar tendinopathy. Although it is possible that a single infiltrative administration may prove ... [more ▼]

Some clinical series have evaluated the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of proximal patellar tendinopathy. Although it is possible that a single infiltrative administration may prove to be an effective treatment for this indication, most of the existing studies evaluated the effects of two or three successive infiltrations. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether two infiltrations of PRP proves more effective than a single treatment. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized and comparative study of level 2. METHODS: Twenty patients suffering from chronic proximal patellar tendinopathy were enrolled into the study and split into two randomized groups (one or two infiltrations of PRP, respectively). The 3-month follow-up evaluation consisted of VAS, IKDC and VISA-P scores, along with algometer, isokinetic and ultrasounds evaluations. After 1 year, subjects were contacted to define their functional evolution. RESULTS: The concentration of the PRP used for each infiltration was similar in both groups, and contained no red or white cells. Results revealed no difference in treatment efficacy between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The comparison between one or two infiltrations of PRP did not reveal any difference between the two groups at short to mid term. A second closely-timed infiltration of PRP to treat proximal patellar tendinopathies is not necessary to improve the efficacy of this treatment in the short term. [less ▲]

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See detailHyaluronic acid and tendon lesions
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; SAMSON, Antoine; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg

in Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal (2016), 5(4 (eCollection 2015 Oct-Dec)), 264-269

Introduction: Recently, the viscoelastic properties of hyaluronic acid on liquid connective tissue have been proposed for the treatment of tendinopathies. Some fundamental studies show encouraging results ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Recently, the viscoelastic properties of hyaluronic acid on liquid connective tissue have been proposed for the treatment of tendinopathies. Some fundamental studies show encouraging results on hyaluronic acid’s ability to promote tendon gliding and reduce adhesion as well as to improve tendon architectural organisation. Some observations also support its use in a clinical setting to improve pain and function. This literature review analyses studies relating to the use of hyaluronic acid in the treatment of tendinopathies. Methods: This review was constructed using the Medline database via Pubmed, Scopus and Google Scholar. The keywords hyaluronic acid, tendon and tendinopathy were used for the research. Results: In total, 27 articles (in English and French) on the application of hyaluronic acid to tendons were selected for their relevance and scientific quality, including eight for the 'in vitro' part, three for the 'in vivo' animal part and six for the human section. Conclusions: Preclinical studies demonstrate encouraging results: HA permits tendon gliding, reduces adhesions, creates better tendon architectural organisation and limits inflammation. These laboratory observations appear to be supported by limited but encouraging short-term clinical results on pain and function. However, controlled randomised studies are still needed. [less ▲]

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See detailTraumatologie du rugby à VII
KAUX, Jean-François ULg; Julia, Marc; Delvaux, François ULg et al

in Science & Sports (2016), 31(1), 1-5

Aims. — To estimate the risk of injury in rugby sevens.News. — The rugby sevens is an increasingly popular sport since the creation of the IRB SevensWorld Series in 2000 and its introduction as an Olympic ... [more ▼]

Aims. — To estimate the risk of injury in rugby sevens.News. — The rugby sevens is an increasingly popular sport since the creation of the IRB SevensWorld Series in 2000 and its introduction as an Olympic sport in 2016. Despite its strong simi-larities to rugby union, it remains a different sport with higher game intensity, causing a moresignificant number of injuries. The average incidence of injury in rugby sevens is 249.27 for1000 hours of play against 102.25 for 1000 hours of rugby union matches.Conclusion. — This epidemiological review of injuries among the rugby sevens refers to theirlocation and their nature, the causes, the position of players, the type of field, as well as thedowntime of practice following trauma. [less ▲]

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See detailTennis elbow - Actualités
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

in La Médecine et le Sport : mise au point (2016, January 23)

L’épicondylite latérale est plus communément appelée tennis elbow suite à sa fréquence élevée d’apparition chez les joueurs de tennis – lors du mouvement de revers, principalement. Cette pathologie du ... [more ▼]

L’épicondylite latérale est plus communément appelée tennis elbow suite à sa fréquence élevée d’apparition chez les joueurs de tennis – lors du mouvement de revers, principalement. Cette pathologie du membre supérieur, fréquente chez les sportifs, touche particulièrement la région épicondylienne radiale, zone d’insertion commune des muscles extenseurs. L’épicondylite latérale est 7 à 20 fois plus répandue que l’épicondylite médiale souvent nommée golfer’s elbow. L’âge est un facteur de risque important, la prévalence est la plus élevée chez les individus âgés entre 35 et 55 ans. Un autre élément prédisposant est la répétition d’un mouvement pendant plus de 2 à 4 heures par jour. Certains sports ont une plus grande incidence sur l’épicondylite que d’autres. Le tennis, le windsurf, l’escalade, le lancer du javelot ou les sports en chaises roulantes sont des activités à haut risque concernant les tendinopathies du coude. Le milieu professionnel joue aussi son rôle délétère envers les muscles épicondyliens. Le travail à la chaine sur des machines, obligeant des mouvements de flexion-extension répétés du coude, de la main et des doigts, peut rapidement être responsable d’épicondylites. De même, la position de travail, le matériel inadapté, le port d’outils trop lourds, le cumul de gestes à risque et, globalement, la mauvaise ergonomie du poste de travail constituent des facteurs déclenchant des tendinopathies du coude. Les épicondylites peuvent être aussi provoquées par des gestes quotidiens : le ménage, le bricolage, la traction de « caddy » au supermarché, l’excès d’activité sur ordinateur par exemple. Malgré une importante diversité des traitements conservateurs – repos, glace, orthèse, anti-inflammatoire non-stéroïdien en phase aigüe, ultrasons, stimulation électrique, massage transverse profond, étirement et onde de chocs –, les symptômes persistent ou des rechutes après un retour à l’activité incriminée sont souvent observées. De nouvelles thérapeutiques, par injection de plasma riche en plaquettes ou acide hyaluronique par exemple, sont également développées pour traiter les tendinopathies rebelles. Au final, si le traitement conservateur n’est plus efficace, la chirurgie sera envisagée. [less ▲]

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See detailL'épaule
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Learning material (2016)

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See detailLésions musculaires
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

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See detailLe dopage
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

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See detailGenou ligamentaire
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

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See detailPathologies tendineuses
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

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See detailPathologies musculaires traumatiques
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

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See detailGenou abarticulaire
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

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See detailChevilles douloureuses et instables
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

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See detailDouleurs de jambe
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

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See detailTechniques de Médecine Physique
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

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See detailEpaule abarticulaire
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

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