References of "Jijakli, Haissam"
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See detailImpact of the Omic Technologies for understanding the modes of action of biological control agents against plant pathogens
Massart, Sébastien ULg; Perazzolli, Michele; Höfte, Monica et al

in BioControl (2015), 60(6), 725-746

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (6 ULg)
See detailVirus indexing and sanitation of international banana collection: insights from a 5-years collaborative effort
De Clerck, Caroline ULg; Parmenter, Kathleen; Vandenhouwe, Ines et al

Conference (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (2 ULg)
See detailGreen roofs and facades : toward food and biodiversity functions
Mahy, Grégory ULg; Jijakli, Haissam ULg

Scientific conference (2014, November 12)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (9 ULg)
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See detailOccurence of Satellite RNAs associated with Cucumber mosaic virus isolated from banana (Musa sp.) in Ivory Coast
Kouadio, Kouakou Théodore; De Clerck, Caroline ULg; Agneroh, TA et al

in British Society for Plant Pathology - New Disease Reports (2014), 30

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See detailAnalysis of the interactions of natural elicitor rhamnolipids with plant plasma membranes by in silico methods
Polo Lozano, Damien ULg; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Deleu, Magali ULg et al

Poster (2014, October 20)

Rhamnolipids are surface active molecules produced mainly by various strains of the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa. These secondary metabolites are composed of one to three fatty acids with various ... [more ▼]

Rhamnolipids are surface active molecules produced mainly by various strains of the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa. These secondary metabolites are composed of one to three fatty acids with various chain lengths linked through a glycosidic bond to one or two rhamnose moieties. The fatty acids are linked together through an ester bond. These molecules have shown several biological activities including plant defense stimulation. It has be suggested that this elicitor activity could be related to an interaction of rhamnolipids with the lipid bilayer of the plant plasma membrane (PPM) and lead to its destabilization, which can activate the plant defense signaling pathways. In this context, interactions of two rhamnolipids (Rha-C10-C10 and Rha-Rha-C10-C10) with membrane models and lipidic constituents of the PPM were investigated using in silico approaches. Most probable chemical structures of the rhamnolipids were determined using the STRUCTURE TREE procedure according to the molecule potential energy. The ability of these rhamnolipid structures to insert within the PPM was assessed using IMPALA simulations. IMPALA uses a membrane model in which phospholipids molecules are implicitly modeled by an empirical function and the membrane properties are modeled by energetic restraints. The ability of each rhamnolipid structure to form an assembly with several PPM constituents (phospholipid (PLPC), sterols (Sitosterol, Stigmasterol, Campesterol) and sphingolipids (GIPC, Glucosylceramide)) was calculated using the HYPERMATRIX procedure, which calculate and minimize the energies of interaction between all molecules of the complex until the lowest energy structure is reached. [less ▲]

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See detailScreening of elicitor candidates on winter wheat against Septoria tritici
Le Mire, Géraldine ULg; Deleu, Magali ULg; Ongena, Marc ULg et al

Scientific conference (2014, October 14)

The various experiments to be held prior to elicitor screening are detailed, along with the screening metholodogy. Explanation is given on the increasing interests of plant elicitors, or "stimulators of ... [more ▼]

The various experiments to be held prior to elicitor screening are detailed, along with the screening metholodogy. Explanation is given on the increasing interests of plant elicitors, or "stimulators of natural defenses", for the sustainability of our agro-ecosystems. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Soir Plus, Consommer Local: Réimplanter l'agriculture dans la ville.
Jijakli, Haissam ULg

Article for general public (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (5 ULg)
See detailEFFICACY and Characterization of THE LACTOPEROXIDASE SYSTEM, A NATURAL BIOLOGICAL PESTICIDE
Bafort, Françoise ULg; Perraudin, Jean-Paul; Jijakli, Haissam ULg

Conference (2014, September 26)

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See detailDiagnostic des viroses et séquençage haut-débit : vers un changement de paradigme ?
Massart, Sébastien ULg; Olmos, Antonio; Jijakli, Haissam ULg et al

in Virologie (2014), 18(V), 247-250

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See detailElicitor screening to protect winter wheat against Septoria tritici Blotch: preliminary results
Le Mire, Géraldine ULg; Deleu, Magali ULg; Ongena, Marc ULg et al

Conference (2014, September)

Elicitors are plant immunity-triggering compounds which are currently considered as one of the most promising tools in agriculture for the induction of plant resistance to various diseases (Mejía-Teniente ... [more ▼]

Elicitors are plant immunity-triggering compounds which are currently considered as one of the most promising tools in agriculture for the induction of plant resistance to various diseases (Mejía-Teniente et al., 2010). By contributing to both economic and environmental performances of agroecosystems, they can help reducing the use of chemical inputs. Although some elicitor products are already available on the market, it appears that a variable efficiency in the field, along with an uneasy integration in the current legislation and agricultural strategies, make these tools difficult to use (Walters, Ratsep, & Havis, 2013). Besides these limitations, few elicitor treatments have yet been efficiently and specifically designed to protect crop plants such as wheat, which is grown and consumed worldwide, against major diseases threatening both their yield and quality. There is a strong need to better understand the mechanisms of induced resistance in plants and develop elicitor use in agriculture. A phD research is currently led in Gembloux Agro Bio-Tech to develop a method based on eliciting agents, tested in greenhouse and field conditions, to protect winter wheat against major diseases, namely Septoria tritici, Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium culmorum. This project focuses on the screening of a large number of elicitors from different origins and structures. In 2014, we focused the first screening experiments on the protection of wheat against Septoria tritici Blotch (STB). Two winter wheat genotypes were tested: susceptible ‘Avatar’ and semi-resistant ‘Sy Epson’. Plants at 3-leaf stage were first sprayed till runoff with different concentrations of elicitors, and then inoculated 5 days later with a Septoria tritici spore suspension (106 spores mL-1) using a hand sprayer. Control plants were treated, prior to disease inoculation, with sterile water (negative control) or with BION® (ASM, Syngenta Europe; positive control). The disease severity and incidence were scored every 2 days for 28 days post-inoculation (d.p.i) by measuring the percentage of area covered with lesions and bearing pycnidia on the third leaf. The first results of these tests should enable a first discrimination of elicitors considering their dose-efficiency to reduce disease severity. After further screening of all the elicitors in hand, a determination of the elicitation pathways of the most efficient molecules tested will be undertaken. We intend to study the influence of various factors (i.e Temperature, relative humidity, plant development stage) on the elicitation potential and develop a formulation to be finally tested under field conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailMode of Action of Lactoperoxidase as Related to Its Antimicrobial Activity: A Review
Bafort, Françoise ULg; Parisi, Olivier ULg; Perraudin, Jean-Paul et al

in Enzyme Research (2014), 2014

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See detailL'aquaponie dans la boite. Equipements remarquables: la Paff Box en test à Gembloux
Jijakli, Haissam ULg

Article for general public (2014)

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See detailImpacts of biostimulant products on the growth of wheat and the microbial communities of its rhizosphere under contrasted production systems
Nguyen, Minh ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg et al

Poster (2014, August 24)

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are one of the major biostimulant classes due to their ability to stimulate root growth, enhance mineral availability, and nutrient use efficiency in crops ... [more ▼]

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are one of the major biostimulant classes due to their ability to stimulate root growth, enhance mineral availability, and nutrient use efficiency in crops. PGPR-containing biostimulant products could therefore make agriculture more sustainable by reducing demand for chemical fertilizer and lessen their negative environmental impacts. The aim of this project is to screen PGPR strains to (1) enhance wheat fitness level (growth, photosynthesis efficiency, stress tolerance, and yield) in combination with an optimised fertilizer level, (2) stimulate the increase in beneficial microorganism communities and suppress pathogenic ones in the wheat rhizosphere, (3) link wheat productivity to the composition of the microbial communities found in its rhizosphere, and (4) measure the impacts of such changes on soil fertility. A list of PGPR-containing biostimulants have been collected from screening, including several commercially available products (e.g. TwinN and NitroGuard, Mabiotec; Rhizocell GC, Ithec; B. subtilis FZB24 fl and Rhizo Vital 42, Abitep) as well as newly discovered PGPR strains. The biostimulants from that list have been screened in greenhouse and we expect to obtain results within next month. In parallel, several levels of nitrogen supply have been tested in combination with biostimulants to optimize agricultural practices and achieve the highest yield on field condition. A soil analysis protocols will also be built up to measure the influence of those PGPR strains on soil fertility changes and root uptake efficiency. In order to assess changes in the rhizomicrobial communities including fungi and bacteria (either pathogenic, neutral, or beneficial) under controlled or field conditions, metagenomic approaches will be set up. Finally, a maximum of three promising PGPR strains will be selected for practical agronomical application in larger field trials. [less ▲]

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See detailVirus indexing and sanitation of international banana collection: insights from a 5-year collaborative effort
De Clerck, Caroline ULg; Parmenter, Kathleen; Vandenhouwe, Ines et al

Conference (2014, August 14)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (3 ULg)
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See detailBelowground Chemical Ecology: The Case of Wireworms
Barsics, Fanny ULg; Delory, Benjamin ULg; Delaplace, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2014, June)

Wireworms, clock-beetles' larvae (Coleoptera, Elateridae), are below ground pests of many crops. They cause dramatic yield losses worldwide. Research on their ecology is crucial to undertake innovative ... [more ▼]

Wireworms, clock-beetles' larvae (Coleoptera, Elateridae), are below ground pests of many crops. They cause dramatic yield losses worldwide. Research on their ecology is crucial to undertake innovative management strategies. In the field of chemical ecology, multitrophic interactions occurring in the rhizosphere are gaining increasing attention from entomologists and agronomists. Our research aims at unveiling the role of volatile organic compounds (VOC) involved in wireworms' foraging behavior, putatively leading to host localization and/or host recognition. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 355 (10 ULg)