References of "Janssen, Nathalie"
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See detailAlteration of Right Ventricular-Pulmonary Vascular Coupling in a Porcine Model of Progressive Pressure Overloading
Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Kolh, Philippe ULg et al

in Shock (Augusta, Ga.) (2008), 29(2), 197-204

In acute pulmonary embolism, right ventricular (RV) failure may result from exceeding myocardial contractile resources with respect to the state of vascular afterload. We investigated the adaptation of RV ... [more ▼]

In acute pulmonary embolism, right ventricular (RV) failure may result from exceeding myocardial contractile resources with respect to the state of vascular afterload. We investigated the adaptation of RV performance in a porcine model of progressive pulmonary embolism. Twelve anesthetized pigs were randomly divided into two groups: gradual pulmonary arterial pressure increases by three injections of autologous blood clot (n = 6) or sham-operated controls (n = 6). Right ventricular pressure-volume (PV) loops were recorded using a conductance catheter. Right ventricular contractility was estimated by the slope of the end-systolic PV relationship (Ees). Afterload was referred to as pulmonary arterial elastance (Ea) and assessed using a four-element Windkessel model. Right ventricular-arterial coupling (Ees/Ea) and efficiency of energy transfer (from PV area to external mechanical work [stroke work]) were assessed at baseline and every 30 min for 4 h. Eaincreased progressively after embolization, from 0.26 +/- 0.04 to 2.2 +/- 0.7 mmHg mL (P < 0.05). Ees increased from 1.01 +/-0.07 to 2.35 +/- 0.27 mmHg mL (P < 0.05) after the first two injections but failed to increase any further. As a result, Ees/Ea initially decreased to values associated with optimal SW, but the last injection was responsible for Ees/Ea values less than 1, decreased stroke volume, and RV dilation. Stroke work/PV area consistently decreased with each injection from 79% +/- 3% to 39% +/- 11% (P < 0.05). In response to gradual increases in afterload, RV contractility reserve was recruited to a point of optimal coupling but submaximal efficiency. Further afterload increases led to RV-vascular uncoupling and failure. [less ▲]

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See detailConfirmation of high cytokine clearance by hemofiltration with a cellulose triacetate membrane with large pores: an in vivo study
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Dogné, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in International Journal of Artificial Organs (2006), 29(10), 944-948

Objective: To confirm in vivo the hypothesis that hemofiltration with a large pore membrane can achieve significant cytokine clearance. Method: We used a well-known animal model of endotoxinic shock (0.5 ... [more ▼]

Objective: To confirm in vivo the hypothesis that hemofiltration with a large pore membrane can achieve significant cytokine clearance. Method: We used a well-known animal model of endotoxinic shock (0.5 mg/kg of lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia Coli over a period of 30 mins). Six pigs were hemofiltrated for 3 hours with a large pore membrane (78 angstrom pore, 80 kDa cut off) (Sureflux FH 70, Nipro, Osaka, Japan). The ultrafiltration rate was 45 ml/kg/min. Samples were taken from arterial, venous line and in the ultrafiltrate at T120 and T240. We measured concentrations of interleukin 6, interleukin 10 and albumin. Results: At T120 and T240, the IL-6 clearances were 22 +/- 7 and 15 +/- 3 ml/min, respectively. The IL-6 sieving coefficients were 0.97 and 0.7 at T120 and T240, respectively. At T120 and T240, the IL-10 clearances were 14 +/- 4 and 10 +/- 7 ml/min, respectively. The sieving coefficients were 0.63 and 0.45 at T120 and T240, respectively. The concentrations of IL-6 and IL-10 were the same at T0 and T240. At T60 and T240, the plasmatic albumin concentrations were 24 +/- 4 g/L and 23 +/- 4 g/L, respectively ( p = 0.13). Conclusions: In this animal model of endotoxinic shock, we confirm the high cytokine clearance observed when hemofiltration is applied to a large pore membrane. The loss of albumin seems negligible. The impact of such clearances on hemodynamic stability and survival remains to be proved. [less ▲]

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See detailDissection coronaire et traumatisme thoracique ferme
Brasseur, Edmond ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Mommens, Véronique et al

in Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angeiologie (2006), 55(4), 233-9

The occurrence of an acute myocardial infarction after non-penetrating chest trauma is an extremely rare complication. We report a case of dissection of the left anterior descending artery in a 43 year ... [more ▼]

The occurrence of an acute myocardial infarction after non-penetrating chest trauma is an extremely rare complication. We report a case of dissection of the left anterior descending artery in a 43 year old man after being punched in the chest. Using data from a literature search relish revealed 76 cases; we review the characteristics of the pathology and its incidence. We also characterize its etiology, anatomy and path physiology. We then consider the diagnostic and therapeutic implications. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge-pore membrane hemofiltration increases cytokine clearance and improves right ventricular-vascular coupling during endotoxic shock in pigs
Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Dogné, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Artificial Organs (2006), 30(7), 560-564

Hemodynamic improvement in patients suffering from both septic shock and renal failure who received hemofiltration suggested that an extrarenal epuration technique could be of interest in patients with ... [more ▼]

Hemodynamic improvement in patients suffering from both septic shock and renal failure who received hemofiltration suggested that an extrarenal epuration technique could be of interest in patients with septic shock alone. However, most of the studies using continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) in this setting evidenced neither cytokine clearance nor significant reduction in their plasma level. Lack of significant clearance was explained in part by the small size of the membrane pores. Therefore, we investigated the effects of large-pore membrane hemofiltration (LPHF) during endotoxic shock in pigs on interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) clearances, and on right ventricular (RV)-vascular coupling. Thirteen anesthetized healthy pigs weighing 20-30 kg were divided into two groups. In the Endo group (n = 6), the pigs received a 0.5-mg/kg endotoxin infusion over a period of 30 mins from T0 to T30. In the EndoHF group (n = 7), LPHF (cutoff = 80 kDa) and an ultrafiltration rate of 45 mL/kg/h were started 30 mins after the end of the endotoxin infusion, from T60 to T240. In this model of porcine endotoxic shock, LPHF was responsible for a significant clearance of IL-6 (20 mL/min) and Il-10 (14 mL/min), and for an improvement in RV-vascular coupling. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamics of spontaneous ventricular fibrillation in acutely ischemic pigs
Desaive, Thomas ULg; Janssen, Nathalie ULg; Péters, F. et al

in Europace : European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology : Journal of the Working Groups on Cardiac Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Cellular Electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology (2006), 8 (supplement 1)

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Fibrose retroperitoneale idiopathique: cause inhabituelle de douleur abdominale
Janssen, Nathalie ULg; D'Orio, Vincenzo ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(7-8, Jul-Aug), 548-52

Retroperitoneal fibrosis is an uncommon inflammatory disease which is characterized by the development of a fibrous process that surrounds the major vessels and organs located within the retroperitoneum ... [more ▼]

Retroperitoneal fibrosis is an uncommon inflammatory disease which is characterized by the development of a fibrous process that surrounds the major vessels and organs located within the retroperitoneum. Isolated as an idiopathic expression or associated with several other diseases in its secondary form, retroperitoneal fibrosis remains relatively of rare occurrence and as a result, is devoid of either diagnostic or therapeutic definitive recommendations. We report the observation of one case admitted in the emergency room for abdominal pain induced by left hydronephrosis. Radiographic exploration with contrast-enhanced studies evidenced retroperitoneal fibrosis causing left ureteric obstruction. Therapeutic approach was based on corticosteroids and ureteral drainage which prevented recurrence while fibrosis was almost reversed six months later. [less ▲]

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