References of "Jérôme, Christine"
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See detailSurface activity of a fluorinated carbohydrate ester in water/carbon dioxide emulsions
Favrelle, Audrey; Boyère, Cédric ULg; Tran, Kien My et al

in Journal of Colloid & Interface Science (2013), 398

The water/carbon dioxide (W/CO2) interfacial activity and emulsifying capacity of hydrocarbon and fluorinated carbohydrate esters are investigated of the first time and compared to the performance of ... [more ▼]

The water/carbon dioxide (W/CO2) interfacial activity and emulsifying capacity of hydrocarbon and fluorinated carbohydrate esters are investigated of the first time and compared to the performance of sodium-bis(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate (AOT). The reduction of the W/CO2 interfacial tension was measured using a pendant drop tensiometer equipped with a cell view pressurized with CO2 at 80 bar and 45 °C. It was found that the interface stabilization improved in the order AOT < 6-O-myristoyl mannose < 6-O-(2H,2H,3H,3H-perfluoroundecanoyl)-D-mannose. In the latter case, a drastic reduction of the W/CO2 interfacial tension was observed (85% reduction, interfacial tension at the equilibrium = 3.6 mN/m), which emphasizes the advantage of using a fluorinated CO2-philic tail and the potential of sugars as hydrophilic head. The formulation of stable W/CO2 emulsions was also achieved using the fluorinated mannose derivative. This study paves the way to the design of a novel class of competitive surface active agents for W/CO2 emulsions. [less ▲]

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See detailBiophysical characterization of the interaction of novel aromatic glycolipid surfactants with membrane models.
Sainvitu, Pauline ULg; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Draguet, Florian et al

Poster (2013, May 15)

Aromatic glycolipids are of both medical and pharmaceutical interest. Antimicrobial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities have been reported (Otto, 2000, Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic ... [more ▼]

Aromatic glycolipids are of both medical and pharmaceutical interest. Antimicrobial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities have been reported (Otto, 2000, Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic). Moreover, they are expected to have interesting antioxidant properties when they contain phenolic groups. The alkyl chain should enhance their ability to penetrate into the cellular membrane (Nicolosi, 2002, Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic). The presence of a sugar unit could also be useful to target specific cells. In this study, novel aromatic glycolipids were synthesized as useful models for studying the structure–activity relationship, in particular as a function of their aromatic group. Their interaction with membranes was studied with monolayer models and was predicted by a computational approach. The relationships between these data and their cytotoxicity and antioxidant properties evaluated on cell cultures are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailBiophysical characterization of the interaction of novel aromatic glycolipid surfactants with membrane models.
Sainvitu, Pauline ULg; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Nott, Katherine ULg et al

in World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (2013, May), 77

Aromatic glycolipids are of both medical and pharmaceutical interest. Antimicrobial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities have been reported (Otto, 2000, Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic ... [more ▼]

Aromatic glycolipids are of both medical and pharmaceutical interest. Antimicrobial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities have been reported (Otto, 2000, Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic). Moreover, they are expected to have interesting antioxidant properties when they contain phenolic groups. The alkyl chain should enhance their ability to penetrate into the cellular membrane (Nicolosi, 2002, Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic). The presence of a sugar unit could also be useful to target specific cells. In this study, novel aromatic glycolipids were synthesized as useful models for studying the structure–activity relationship, in particular as a function of their aromatic group. Their interaction with membranes was studied with monolayer models and was predicted by a computational approach. The relationships between these data and their cytotoxicity and antioxidant properties evaluated on cell cultures are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailBiophysical characterization of the interaction of novel aromatic glycolipid surfactants with membrane models.
Sainvitu, Pauline ULg; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Nott, Katherine ULg et al

in World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (2013, May), 77

Aromatic glycolipids are of both medical and pharmaceutical interest. Antimicrobial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities have been reported (Otto, 2000, Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic ... [more ▼]

Aromatic glycolipids are of both medical and pharmaceutical interest. Antimicrobial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities have been reported (Otto, 2000, Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic). Moreover, they are expected to have interesting antioxidant properties when they contain phenolic groups. The alkyl chain should enhance their ability to penetrate into the cellular membrane (Nicolosi, 2002, Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic). The presence of a sugar unit could also be useful to target specific cells. In this study, novel aromatic glycolipids were synthesized as useful models for studying the structure–activity relationship, in particular as a function of their aromatic group. Their interaction with membranes was studied with monolayer models and was predicted by a computational approach. The relationships between these data and their cytotoxicity and antioxidant properties evaluated on cell cultures are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIntraocular lenses with functionalized surfaces by biomolecules in relation with lens epithelial cell adhesion
Huang, Yi-Shiang ULg; Alexandre, Michaël ULg; Bozukova, Dimitriya et al

Poster (2013, April 25)

A cataract is pathology opacity of the lens or capsule of the eye, causing impairment of vision or even blindness. Surgery, with lens extraction and intraocular lens implantation, is still the only ... [more ▼]

A cataract is pathology opacity of the lens or capsule of the eye, causing impairment of vision or even blindness. Surgery, with lens extraction and intraocular lens implantation, is still the only currently available treatment. The most common complication after implantation of intraocular lenses (IOLs) is the posterior capsular opacification (PCO) or secondary cataract. This is the result of lens epithelial cells (LECs) proliferation and their transition to mesenchymal cells. In 1997, a Sandwich theory was proposed to elucidate the developmental process of PCO. [1] According to this model, an IOL with higher affinity to LECs will induce a less PCO. In our research, the pHEMA (Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)) based acrylic hydrophilic polymer is subjected to the surface modification by conjugating with the bioactive peptides. The RGD sequence, known for its excellent biocompatibility, is designed to stimulate the biointegration between the LECs and the polymer implant. [2]. From our research, The RGD peptide immobilized onto pHEMA surfaces significantly facilitates the adhesion of the porcine LEC. The peptide immobilized surface retains its biological function even after 10 times of autoclave. On the other hand, the immobilized peptide does not alter the hydrophobicity of the surface, the light transmission, as well as the cytotoxicity of the material. This functionalized biomaterial would possibly prevent the formation of PCO. [1] J Cataract Refract Surg. 1997 Dec;23(10):1539-42 [2] Trends Biotechnol. 2008 Jul;26(7):382-92 [less ▲]

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See detailUse of supercritical carbon dioxide to elaborate drug-loaded polymeric implants
Champeau, Mathilde; Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

Poster (2013, April 25)

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See detailOne-pot controlled synthesis of double thermoresponsive N-vinylcaprolactam-based copolymers with tunable LCSTs
Kermagoret, Anthony ULg; Fustin, Charles-André; Bourguignon, Maxime et al

in Polymer Chemistry (2013), 4(8), 2575-2583

N-Vinylcaprolactam (NVCL) was copolymerized statistically for the first time in a controlled manner with hydrophilic N-vinylamide or hydrophobic vinylester monomers in order to precisely tune up and down ... [more ▼]

N-Vinylcaprolactam (NVCL) was copolymerized statistically for the first time in a controlled manner with hydrophilic N-vinylamide or hydrophobic vinylester monomers in order to precisely tune up and down the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the resulting copolymers. The incorporation of these segments in complex architectures was also considered. Several narrowly distributed NVCL-based copolymers were prepared by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) using the bis-(acetylacetonato)cobalt(II) complex as a controlling agent and N-methyl-N-vinylacetamide (NMVA), N-vinylacetamide (NVA), vinyl acetate (VAc) or vinyl pivalate (VPi) as comonomers. PNVCL-containing block copolymers having two discrete LCSTs were also synthesized following a one-pot strategy based on the sequential CMRP of NVCL followed by the copolymerization of NMVA with the residual NVCL. Upon gradual heating of aqueous solutions of such double thermoresponsive copolymers, we noticed a transition from free chains to micelles before full dehydration and collapse of the block copolymers. These advances represent a significant step towards the development of a platform based on thermoresponsive PNVCL copolymers with a single phase separation or multistep assembly behaviors. [less ▲]

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See detailNanoparticles in biomedical imaging
Liu, Ji ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Duguet, Etienne

Scientific conference (2013, April 19)

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See detailIn situ nitroxide-mediated polymerization of styrene promoted by the N-tert-butyl-alpha-isopropylnitrone/BPO pair: ESR investigations
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Clément, Jean-Louis; Sciannaméa, Valérie et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (2013), 51(8), 1786-1795

The styrene polymerization initiated by benzoyl peroxide (BPO) in the presence of N-tert-butyl--isopropylnitrone as nitroxide precursor is well-controlled provided that a prereaction between the nitrone ... [more ▼]

The styrene polymerization initiated by benzoyl peroxide (BPO) in the presence of N-tert-butyl--isopropylnitrone as nitroxide precursor is well-controlled provided that a prereaction between the nitrone and BPO is carried out in suitable conditions prior to polymerization at a higher temperature. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy was implemented to probe the nitroxides formed during both steps, that is, the prereaction and polymerization, and to get crucial information regarding the structure of the nitroxides responsible for the polymerization control. ESR studies combined with first principles calculations have evidenced that nitroxides observed during the prereaction in the presence of styrene and during the polymerization steps consist of a mixture of two macronitroxides. One is formed by the addition of a growing polystyrene chain to the nitrone as would be expected. However, the second one results from the addition of a polystyrene chain to tert-butyl nitroso that is in situ formed presumably by decomposition of the first macronitroxide type. [less ▲]

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See detailDual anticancer drug/superparamagnetic iron oxide-loaded PLGA-based nanoparticles for cancer therapy and magnetic resonance imaging
Schleich, N.; Sibret, Pierre ULg; Danhier, P. et al

in International Journal of Pharmaceutics (2013), 447(1-2), 94-101

We developed dual paclitaxel (PTX)/superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-loaded PLGA-based nanoparticles for a theranostic purpose. Nanoparticles presented a spherical morphology and a size of 240 nm. The ... [more ▼]

We developed dual paclitaxel (PTX)/superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-loaded PLGA-based nanoparticles for a theranostic purpose. Nanoparticles presented a spherical morphology and a size of 240 nm. The PTX and iron loading were 1.84 ± 0.4 and 10.4 ± 1.93 mg/100 mg respectively. Relaxometry studies and phantom MRI demonstrated their efficacy as T2 contrast agent. Significant cellular uptake by CT26 cells of nanoparticles was shown by Prussian blue staining and fluorescent microscopy. While SPIO did not show any toxicity in CT-26 cells, PTX-loaded nanoparticles had a cytotoxic activity. PTX-loaded nanoparticle (5 mg/kg) with or without co-encapulated SPIO induced in vivo a regrowth delay of CT26 tumors. Together these multifunctional nanoparticles may be considered as future nanomedicine for simultaneous molecular imaging, drug delivery and real-time monitoring of therapeutic response. [less ▲]

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See detailDielectric and rheological characterization of polymer/graphene oxide nano composites
Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg; Trifkovic, Milana; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

Conference (2013, April 05)

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See detailStudy of the Influence of Pure Ionic Liquids on the Lipase-catalyzed (Trans)esterification of Mannose Based on their Anion and Cation Nature
Galonde, Nadine ULg; Nott, Katherine ULg; Richard, Gaetan ULg et al

in Current Organic Chemistry (2013), 17(7), 763-770

A screening of nine ionic liquids (ILs) has been carried out in order to study the influence of the anion's and cation's nature and structure on the synthesis of mannosyl myristate by (trans ... [more ▼]

A screening of nine ionic liquids (ILs) has been carried out in order to study the influence of the anion's and cation's nature and structure on the synthesis of mannosyl myristate by (trans)esterification catalyzed by Novozym® 435. The best ILs in terms of yield (η) and initial rate (v0) are those based on the TFO- anion. The 24h yield (24h-η) reached 64.9% in [Bmim][TFO] and 70.9% in [Bmpyrr][TFO] by transesterification while it reached 29.7% and 44.5% respectively in each IL by esterification. [Bmpyrr][TFO] based on the pyrrolidinium cation gave the best results although this cation has been rarely used for biocatalysis. This work has thus highlighted a cation that could be further studied in biocatalysis of glycosylated compounds. The study of the relationship between the structure of the ILs and the v0 and η for the biocatalysis of mannosyl myristate showed that the lipase effectiveness is influenced by the anions while the cations have an indirect influence on the interaction strength between Novozym® 435 and the anions. [less ▲]

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See detailA fast and facile synthetic route toward the preparation of nanoparticles of polythiophene and its derivatives
Bozukova, Dimitriya; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg

in Journal of Nanoparticle Research (2013), 15(4), 15831-18

A novel photochemical water-based approach for the preparation of nanoparticles of polymerized thiophene (Th), thiophene methanol (ThM), or their mixtures (Th-co/or-ThM) was developed. The influence of 3 ... [more ▼]

A novel photochemical water-based approach for the preparation of nanoparticles of polymerized thiophene (Th), thiophene methanol (ThM), or their mixtures (Th-co/or-ThM) was developed. The influence of 3-[(2-acryloyloxy)methyl] thiophene (ATh) as cross-link agent on the stability of the nanoparticles and on their performances was investigated. The occurrence of a polymerization process was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), UV and fluorescence emission spectroscopies. Nanoparticles with very narrow size distribution (0.0092–0.105 ATh cross-linked, 0.0635–0.272 uncross-linked) and ideal spherical shape (radius 35–47 nm ATh cross-linked, 49–109 nm uncross-linked) were obtained whatever the reaction composition. The size of the particles was found to depend strongly on the level of ATh-stabilization and to diminish upon increase of the ATh content. In contrast, in the same order, their thermal stability shifted toward higher temperatures. Thermal decomposition of the nanoparticles led to formation of carbon-nanoobjects, as observed by transmission electron microscopy, FT-IR, and RAMAN spectroscopies. The re-dispersibility of the dry Th-co/or-ThM nanoparticles in some conventional monomers and solvents has been estimated. [less ▲]

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See detailChitosan-based biomaterials for tissue engineering
Croisier, Florence ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg

in European Polymer Journal (2013), 49(4), 780-792

Derived from chitin, chitosan is a unique biopolymer that exhibits outstanding properties, beside biocompatibility and biodegradability. Most of these peculiar properties arise from the presence of ... [more ▼]

Derived from chitin, chitosan is a unique biopolymer that exhibits outstanding properties, beside biocompatibility and biodegradability. Most of these peculiar properties arise from the presence of primary amines along the chitosan backbone. As a consequence, this polysaccharide is a relevant candidate in the field of biomaterials, especially for tissue engineering. The current article highlights the preparation and properties of innovative chitosan-based biomaterials, with respect to their future applications. The use of chitosan in 3D-scaffolds – as gels and sponges – and in 2D-scaffolds – as films and fibers – is discussed, with a special focus on wound healing application. [less ▲]

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See detailMagnetic hybrid materials for triggered drug delivery and optical properties of intraocular lens
Liu, Ji ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

Conference (2013, March 20)

Mesoporous silica nanoparticles have great potential for drug delivery system (DDS) due to their large volume for encapsulation of guest molecules in the porous channels. Due to the specific magnetic ... [more ▼]

Mesoporous silica nanoparticles have great potential for drug delivery system (DDS) due to their large volume for encapsulation of guest molecules in the porous channels. Due to the specific magnetic responsiveness, magnetic nanoparticles can penetrate body tissues under a magnetic guidance, providing a potential platform for magnetic-directed DDS. Furthermore, a sharp local heating can be obtained for superparamagnetic nanoparticles when exposed to an alternating magnetic field (AMF). This specific property opens up the possibility of the application in tumor treatments. Here, we fabricated maghemite/SiO2 mesoporous nanohybrids DDS with phase-changed molecules as gate-keepers. The channels were envisaged to be closed in the biological systems during the delivery; however, opened when exposed to external heating or internal heating from hyperthermia generated by the maghemite cores. Thus the uploaded drug can diffuse into the surrounding medium. MTS assay showed a good cytocompatibility of the vehicles in both mouse L929 cells and cancer MEL-5 cells, and also internalization into MEL-5 cells was confirmed by Fluoresce microscopy, fluoresce-activated cell sorting (FACS) and TEM techniques. The release of drugs can be controlled by varying the concentration of the nanohybrids vehicles, the period of AMF treatment, or both. In-vivo triggered-release of doxorubicin into MEL-5 cells was confirmed by the sharp decrease in cell viability. This DDS can be designed for controlled release to an urgent physiological need via chemotherapy, hyperthermia therapy, or both. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of supercritical carbon dioxide to elaborate drug-loaded polymeric implants
Champeau, Mathilde; Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

Poster (2013, March 17)

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See detailPreparation of drug-loaded scaffolds for biomedical applications using supercritical fluid technology
Champeau, Mathilde; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Tassaing, Thierry

Conference (2013, March 17)

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See detailThermally stable bulk heterojunction solar cells based on cross-linkable acrylate-functionalized polythiophene diblock copolymers
Ouhib, Farid ULg; Tomassetti, Mirco ULg; Manca, Jean et al

in Macromolecules (2013), 46(3), 785-795

We report on the synthesis of new thermally cross-linkable all-conjugated diblock copolymers composed of a poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) block and an acrylate-functionalized polythiophene block. These ... [more ▼]

We report on the synthesis of new thermally cross-linkable all-conjugated diblock copolymers composed of a poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) block and an acrylate-functionalized polythiophene block. These copolymers are then used in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells with [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), and their photovoltaic performances are compared with standard P3HT/PCBM devices. Thermal cross-linking of the functional copolymers/PCBM blends is performed to improve the thermal stability of the active layer. BHJ photovoltaic cells with cross-linkable copolymers and PCBM show initial power conversion efficiencies slightly lower than that of P3HT devices. However, solar cells with cross-linkable copolymers retain more than 85% of their initial power efficiency value after 165 h of thermal annealing (accelerated aging test), whereas the same devices with P3HT retain less than 65% of their initial power efficiency. This improvement of the thermal stability of BHJ photovoltaic cells is the result of the polymer network that hampers PCBM diffusion and phase separation, as confirmed with TEM and AFM analysis of the microscopic morphology. Such an improvement is mostly observed when using a cross-linkable P3HT with a short spacer between the acrylate group and the polythiophene backbone. [less ▲]

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