References of "Jérôme, Christine"
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See detailUnsuccessful Induction of Endometriosis in Female Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta).
Defrère, S.; Squifflet, J.; Lousse, J. C. et al

in Gynecologic & Obstetric Investigation (2008), 66(2), 84-90

Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to induce endometriosis in female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) for research purposes. Methods: Three female monkeys from 4 to 4.5 years of age underwent ... [more ▼]

Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to induce endometriosis in female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) for research purposes. Methods: Three female monkeys from 4 to 4.5 years of age underwent three consecutive attempts at endometriosis induction over an 8-month period: (i) the first attempt involved intravaginal sampling of endometrial tissue and transplantation into the intrapelvic cavity; (ii) the second entailed surgical removal of endometrium after hysterotomy and intra-abdominal placement, and (iii) the third used endometrial mucosa obtained by scraping the uterus after hysterectomy, placed in a surgical pouch created in the retrovesical space (Retzius). In each case, the pelvic cavity was closely inspected after 7, 9, and 6 weeks respectively for the presence of endometriotic lesions, and peritoneal biopsies were performed. Results: Neither macroscopic observation nor histological analysis revealed any endometriotic lesions. Conclusion: This failure to induce endometriosis in female rhesus macaques suggests that this species is not the most efficient experimental model among primates to investigate endometriosis development or treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailCoating of gold nanoparticles by thermosensitive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) end-capped by biotin
Aqil, Abdelhafid ULg; Qiu, Hongjin; Greisch, Jean-François ULg et al

in Polymer (2008), 49(5), 1145-1153

Gold nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by reduction of HAuCl4 in aqueous solution and stabilized by poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM). PNIPAM was prepared by two distinct routes: (i) conventional free ... [more ▼]

Gold nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by reduction of HAuCl4 in aqueous solution and stabilized by poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM). PNIPAM was prepared by two distinct routes: (i) conventional free-radical polymerization leading to polymer without any reactive end-group, and (ii) Reversible Addition–Fragmentation chain Transfer (RAFT) polymerization with 2-dodecylsulfanylthiocarbonylsulfanyl-2-methyl propionic acid (DMP) as a RAFT agent. PNIPAM with low polydispersity was then end-capped by an α-carboxylic acid and an ω-trithiocarbonate that was converted into an ω-thiol upon hydrolysis. This hetero-telechelic polymer was analyzed by mass spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and 1H NMR. Even without thiol end-group, known for chemisorption onto gold, PNIPAM was effective in stabilizing gold NPs (1–5 nm). The thermosensitivity of PNIPAM at the surface of gold NPs was, however, dependent on the molecular weight of the chains. Finally, the α-carboxyl end-group of PNIPAM was used to anchor biotin, which is indeed known for complexation with avidin, which is a possible strategy for the coated gold NPs to be involved as building blocks in supramolecular assemblies. TEM and UV–vis spectroscopy were used to characterize the gold nanoparticles. [less ▲]

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See detailAtom transfer radical polymerization of MMA with a macromolecular ligand in a fluorinated solvent and in supercritical carbon dioxide
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Calberg, Cédric ULg et al

in European Polymer Journal (2008), 44(3), 861-871

Macromolecular fluorinated ligands were prepared according to a three-step strategy that consists of the random copolymerization of heptadecafluorodecyl acrylate and 2-hydroxyethylacrylate, followed by ... [more ▼]

Macromolecular fluorinated ligands were prepared according to a three-step strategy that consists of the random copolymerization of heptadecafluorodecyl acrylate and 2-hydroxyethylacrylate, followed by the esterification of the pendant hydroxyl groups with acryloyl chloride and the Michael-type addition of tetraethyldiethylenetriamine onto the acrylic double bonds of the polymeric chains. These fluorinated macroligands were successfully used in the atom transfer radical polymerization of MMA catalyzed by a copper salt in a fluorinated solvent. The polymerization control was analyzed in relation to the copper salt, the initiator and the molecular weight and composition of the macroligand before being extended to the heterogeneous ATRP of MMA in scCO2. [less ▲]

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See detailPaclitaxel-loaded PEGylated nanocarriers: Preparation, physicochemical characterization and in vitro anti-tumoral activity
Danhier, F.; Lecouturier, N.; Vroman, Benoit et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2008, February 16), 63(2), 124

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See detailPH-responsive biodegradable amphiphilic networks
Zednik, Jiri; Riva, Raphaël ULg; Lussis, Perrine ULg et al

in Polymer (2008), 49(3), 697-702

Copper-mediated azide - alkyne Huisgen's 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition is a "click" reaction that was successfully used to prepare pH-responsive, amphiphilic and biodegradable networks. Indeed, this reaction ... [more ▼]

Copper-mediated azide - alkyne Huisgen's 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition is a "click" reaction that was successfully used to prepare pH-responsive, amphiphilic and biodegradable networks. Indeed, this reaction proved to be very efficient in the "one pot" grafting of amino alkyne onto azide containing poly(epsilon-caprolactone) and the cross-linking of these chains by alpha,omega-dialkynyl poly(ethylene oxide). The pH-controlled release of guests hosted during the cross-linking step was illustrated with an entrapped model dye. [less ▲]

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See detailMagnetic nanoparticles coated by temperature responsive copolymers for hyperthermia
Aqil, Abdelhafid ULg; Vasseur, Sébastien; Duguet, Etienne et al

in Journal of Materials Chemistry (2008), 18(28), 3352-3360

Various temperature-responsive N-isopropylacrylamide-based functional copolymers were prepared and used for the stabilization of iron oxide nanoparticles. The copolymers investigated are poly(acrylic acid ... [more ▼]

Various temperature-responsive N-isopropylacrylamide-based functional copolymers were prepared and used for the stabilization of iron oxide nanoparticles. The copolymers investigated are poly(acrylic acid)-b-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PAA-PNIPAM) and poly(acrylic acid)-b-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-b-poly(acrylate methoxy poly(ethylene oxide)) (PAA-PNIPAM-PAMPEO), with different molecular weights. The coated nanoparticles were characterized in terms of size by a combination of dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A sharp temperature transition was confirmed by particle size measurements vs. temperature. In addition, the stealthiness of the coated nanoparticles has been assessed in vitro by the haemolytic CH50 test. These measurements evidenced the crucial role of the PEO segments on the stealthiness of the nanoparticles and thus that such copolymers are particularly suitable for biomedical applications. Preliminary experiments of alternating magnetic field induced heating were performed and specific absorption rates of the various samples were recorded. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis of novel functional aliphatic polyesters
Schmeits, Stephanie ULg; Riva, Raphaël ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

in Polymer Preprints (2008), 49(1), 222-223

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See detailMetal-coordination: an effective lever for cobalt-mediated radical polymerization
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Polymer Preprints (2008), 49(27), 193-194

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See detailSupported ATRP of fluorinated methacrylates in supercritical carbon dioxide : preparation of scCO2 soluble polymers with low catalytic residues
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Calberg, Cédric ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

in Chemical Communications (2008), (44), 5803-5805

Synthesis of poly( 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate) by supported ATRP was investigated in supercritical carbon dioxide using a copper salt ligated to a polymeric ligand immobilised onto silica; after ... [more ▼]

Synthesis of poly( 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate) by supported ATRP was investigated in supercritical carbon dioxide using a copper salt ligated to a polymeric ligand immobilised onto silica; after polymerisation, fluorinated polymers with well defined molecular weight and low polydispersity were obtained. [less ▲]

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See detailCopper bromide complexed by fluorinated macroligands: towards microspheres by ATRP of vinyl monomers in scCO2
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Calberg, Cédric ULg et al

in Chemical Communications (2008), (3), 314-316

We report the successful synthesis of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) by atom transfer radical polymerization using a catalyst ligated to a polymeric ligand having a dual role, i.e., the complexation of ... [more ▼]

We report the successful synthesis of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) by atom transfer radical polymerization using a catalyst ligated to a polymeric ligand having a dual role, i.e., the complexation of the copper salt and the stabilization of the growing PMMA particles; at the end of the polymerization, the catalyst is removed by supercritical fluid extraction leading to PMMA microspheres with low residual catalyst content. [less ▲]

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See detailDEVELOPMENT OF AN INTRAPERITONEAL IMPLANT FOR THE ENDOMETRIOSIS TREATMENT
Krier, Fabrice ULg; Nizet, Dominique; Riva, Raphaël ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailFunctional amphiphilic and biodegradable copolymers for intravenous vectorization
Van Butsele, Kathy ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg

in Polymer (2007), 48

This paper aims at reporting on the design of polymeric drug nanocarriers used in cancer therapy, with a special emphasis on the control of their biodistribution. First, the prominent role of poly ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at reporting on the design of polymeric drug nanocarriers used in cancer therapy, with a special emphasis on the control of their biodistribution. First, the prominent role of poly(ethylene oxide) in the lifetime of nanocarriers circulating in the blood stream is highlighted, and the origin of a passive targeting based on a difference in the anatomy of tumors and normal tissues is discussed. The main body of the review is devoted to the targeting of nanocarriers towards tumors and the underlying concepts. As a rule, either the constitutive polymer is stimuli-responsive and the locus of drug release is where the stimulation occurs, or a ligand endowed with specific recognition is grafted onto the nanocarrier. Finally, the fate of the nanocarrier after drug delivery and the bioelimination of the polymer(s) involved are briefly considered. [less ▲]

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See detailCombination of electrografting and layer-by-layer deposition: an efficient way to tailor polymer coatings of (semi)-conductors
Charlot, Aurélia; Gabriel, Sabine ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

in Chemical Communications (2007), (44), 4656-4658

This communication reports on a novel, simple and highly versatile concept, which consists in combining the advantages of two complementary and relevant techniques (i) electrografting and (ii) layer-by ... [more ▼]

This communication reports on a novel, simple and highly versatile concept, which consists in combining the advantages of two complementary and relevant techniques (i) electrografting and (ii) layer-by-layer deposition process with the goal to tailor strongly adhering coatings to (semi)-conducting surfaces imparting them with tunable specific properties. [less ▲]

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See detailPEGylated quaternized copolymer/DNA complexes for gene delivery
Vroman, Benoît; Ferreira, Isabel; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

in International Journal of Pharmaceutics (2007), 344(1-2), 88-95

The aim of this study was to improve the colloidal stability, decrease unspecific interactions with cells and blood components of a novel gene delivery system composed of epsilon-caprolactone and ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to improve the colloidal stability, decrease unspecific interactions with cells and blood components of a novel gene delivery system composed of epsilon-caprolactone and quaternized epsilon-caprolactone. For this purpose, diblock 50/50 copolymer was used to generate complexes-with DNA by either the solvent evaporation technique and by dialysis. The size, surface charge and degree of interaction of the plasmid-loaded formulations were measured. Then, polyplexes were combined with a poly(CL)-b-PEG copolymer to create a hydrophilic corona on the surface of the complexes. The cytotoxicity, transfection efficiency and cellular uptake of polyplexes and their association with PEG were evaluated on HeLa cells. The dialysis method did not allow to reduce the size of complexes as compared to the solvent evaporation method. The zeta potential of polyplexes became positive from a charge ratio of 4. The degree of interaction of copolymer with plasmid DNA was very high. Cytotoxicity and transfection efficiency were found to be comparable to polyethylenimine 50 kDa. Association of polyplexes with poly(CL)-b-PEG copolymer led to a small increase in particle size and a sharp decrease of charge surface. Cytotoxicity, transfection efficiency and cellular uptake were significantly reduced relative to unshielded copolymer/DNA complexes. The PEGylated formulations may be an attractive approach for an in vivo application. [less ▲]

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See detailNovel pH or thermosensitive block copolymers for triggered drug-delivery systems
Jérôme, Christine ULg

Conference (2007, October 30)

Over the last decade, polymer micelles and nanoparticles have attracted an increasing interest as efficient drug delivery systems. Polymer micelles from amphiphilic block copolymers are supramolecular ... [more ▼]

Over the last decade, polymer micelles and nanoparticles have attracted an increasing interest as efficient drug delivery systems. Polymer micelles from amphiphilic block copolymers are supramolecular core-shell type assemblies of some tens of nanometers in diameter. They are highly stable in aqueous solution because of their low intrinsic critical micelle concentration, which prevents their dissociation upon dilution in the blood stream after intravenous injection. The combination of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) with hydrophobic aliphatic polyesters, such as poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) or polylactide (PLA), allows to prepare stealthy drug nanocarriers (thanks to PEO), which are biodegradable and biocompatible and capable of encapsulating a hydrophobic drug (due to the aliphatic polyester). In this field, the inclusion of an additional pH-responsive block in the supramolecular assembly is a promising strategy to improve the targeting of tumor tissues by taking advantage of the lower pH at the vicinity of tumor cells. A variety of novel amphiphilic and pH-sensitive copolymers have been synthesized and tested as building blocks for the design of smart nanocarriers able to expose selectively the targeting unit at the vicinity of tumor. Various macromolecular architectures combining PEO, PCL and P2VP have been accordingly synthesized such as linear and star shape di- and triblock copolymers. Their (co)-micellization has been studied in terms of size, particle shape (DLS, TEM) and stealth behavior. Besides, thermo-responsive copolymers combining PEO, polyacrylic acid and poly-N-isopropyl-acrylamide have been synthesized and found efficient in stabilizing stealthy magnetic nanoparticles promising for thermally triggered release of drugs during hyperthermia. [less ▲]

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See detailMacromolecular engineering of cyclic aliphatic polyesters by ring-opening polymerization and "click" chemistry
Lecomte, Philippe ULg; Li, Haiying; Riva, Raphaël ULg et al

Conference (2007, September 04)

The last decades have witnessed a steadily increasing progress in the macromolecular engineering of the main families of synthetic polymers. Ring-shaped copolymers show a unique topology due to the ... [more ▼]

The last decades have witnessed a steadily increasing progress in the macromolecular engineering of the main families of synthetic polymers. Ring-shaped copolymers show a unique topology due to the absence of any chain-end and exhibit distinct properties from their linear counterparts, such as glass transition temperature, order-disorder transition, reduced viscosity, lower hydrodynamic volumes. This communication aims at reporting on a novel route to biodegradable cyclic polyesters. Our strategy is based on the work of Prof. Kricheldorf who initiated the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone by cyclic tin dialkoxides, e.g., 2,2-dibutyl-2-stanna-1,3-dioxepane (DSDOP) in order to obtain “living” macrocyclic PCL, still containing two endocyclic tin-oxygen bonds. In this work, the resumption of polymerization by a few units of ε-caprolactone substituted by an acrylic unit, e.g., 1-(2-oxooxepan-3-yl)ethyl prop- 2-enoate, followed by intramolecular photo-crosslinking of pendant unsaturations and finally by hydrolysis gave rise to macrocyclic PCL. As a rule, this strategy is very well-suited for the synthesis of high molecular weight PCL. Moreover, tin alkoxides were kept untouched after the cross-linking step and remained thus available for further macromolecular engineering. The process was extended to the synthesis of other architectures such as sun-shaped, two-tail tadpoleshaped, and eight-shaped copolyesters. The second part of the lecture, it will be shown that the copper(I)-catalyzed Huisgen’s [3+2] cycloaddition, which is the most popular “Click" reaction, is very efficient to graft alkynes, duly substituted by functional groups or chains, onto aliphatic copolyesters bearing pendant azides. Interestingly enough, mild conditions were found and no degradation was observed during the “click” derivatization of copolyesters of PCL. The “click” reactions of alkynes onto pendant azides of copolyesters of PLA, by far more sensitive than PCL, was also successfully carried out without any detectable degradation. ”Click” chemistry is very versatile because this reaction was successfully implemented to graft functional groups or chains directly onto ω-azido-ε-caprolactone, without any ring-opening of the lactone, in order to make available a new range of functional caprolactones. Finally, the “click” grafting of PEO onto the tails of tadpole-shaped copolymers will be shown to be a route to amphiphilic copolymers with an original architecture. [less ▲]

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See detailAtomic force microscopy investigation of the morphology and the biological activity of protein-modified surfaces for bio- and immunosensors
Cecchet, Francesca; Duwez, Anne-Sophie ULg; Gabriel, Sabine ULg et al

in Analytical Chemistry (2007), 79(17), 6488-6495

With the purpose of developing biosensors, the reliable proof of the biological activity of two new sensor systems was obtained by atomic force microscopy (AFM) in both the imaging and the single-molecule ... [more ▼]

With the purpose of developing biosensors, the reliable proof of the biological activity of two new sensor systems was obtained by atomic force microscopy (AFM) in both the imaging and the single-molecule force spectroscopy modes. Antigens or antibodies of pharmacological interest were grafted onto self-assembled monolayers of thiols on gold, and AFM imaging demonstrated that the grafting process produced homogeneous submonolayers of isolated proteins. The analysis of the morphology of the surfaces at the different functionalization steps allowed evaluating the protein grafting density and showed that the recognition of complementary species present in the surrounding solution occurred. Single-molecule force spectroscopy experiments between the sensing surfaces and AFM probes, onto which the complementary species were grafted, enabled a direct and rapid test of the biological activity of the sensors by investigating the interaction occurring at the level of one single ligand-receptor bond. Ellipsometry and surface plasmon resonance allowed further characterization of the sensor surfaces and confirmed that the biological recognition took place. [less ▲]

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See detailMannosylated poly(ethylene oxide)-b-Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) diblock copolymers: Synthesis, characterization, and interaction with a bacterial lectin
Rieger, Jutta ULg; Stoffelbach, François; Cui, Di et al

in Biomacromolecules (2007), 8(9), 2717-2725

A novel bioeliminable amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PEO-b-PCL) diblock copolymer end-capped by a mannose residue was synthesized by sequential controlled polymerization of ... [more ▼]

A novel bioeliminable amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PEO-b-PCL) diblock copolymer end-capped by a mannose residue was synthesized by sequential controlled polymerization of ethylene oxide and epsilon-caprolactone, followed by the coupling of a reactive mannose derivative to the PEO chain end. The anionic polymerization of ethylene oxide was first initiated by potassium 2-dimethylaminoethanolate. The ring-opening polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone was then initiated by the omega-hydroxy end-group of PEO previously converted into an Al alkoxide. Finally, the saccharidic end-group was attached by quaternization of the tertiary amine (alpha-end-group of the PEO-b-PCL with a brominated mannose derivative. The copolymer was fully characterized in terms of chemical composition and purity by high-resolution NMR spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography. Furthermore, measurements with a pendant drop tensiometer showed that both the mannosylated copolymer and the non-mannosylated counterpart significantly decreased the dichloromethane/water interfacial tension. Moreover, these amphiphilic copolymers formed monodisperse spherical micelles in water with an average diameter of similar to 11 nin as measured by dynamic light scattering and cryo-transmission electron microscopy. The availability of mannose as a specific recognition site at the surface of the micelles was proved by isothermal titration microcalorimetry (ITC), using the BclA lectin (from Burkholderia cenocepacia), which interacts selectively with a-D-mannopyranoside derivatives. The thermodynamic parameters of the lectin/mannose interaction were extracted from the ITC data. These colloidal systems have great potential for drug targeting and vaccine delivery systems. [less ▲]

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