References of "Jérôme, Christine"
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See detailChitosan-based wound dressings produced by electrospinning
Croisier, Florence ULg; Sorlier, Pierre; Jérôme, Christine ULg

Poster (2010, September 07)

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See detailMacromolecular engineering and stimulus response in the design of advanced drug delivery systems
Jérôme, Christine ULg

in MRS Bulletin (2010), 35(9), 665-672

Extensive research activity is currently devoted to controlled drug delivery systems, mainly as nano-sized particles. Although biocompatible and (bio)degradable polymers play a key role in this field ... [more ▼]

Extensive research activity is currently devoted to controlled drug delivery systems, mainly as nano-sized particles. Although biocompatible and (bio)degradable polymers play a key role in this field, their shaping into colloidal particles (e.g., polymeric micelles and nanoparticles) usually requires the proper design of amphiphilic copolymers as effective stabilizers. Strategies for synthesizing these copolymers that preserve the intrinsic properties of the constitutive polymers are discussed in this article. Synthesis of amphiphilic copolymers with a more complex structure and endowed with functionality is also considered, with the purpose of enhancing the performance of the nanocarriers. The focus is increasingly on nanocarriers of the third generation, which resist coalescence and elimination by the immune system, and which are readily incorporated into chosen target cells. The more recent quest is for smart nanocarriers that exhibit the additional capacity of being stimuli-responsive. [less ▲]

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See detailPolymer micelles decorated by gadolinium complexes as MRI blood contrast agents: design, synthesis and properties
Grogna, Mathurin ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg; Luxen, André ULg et al

in Polymer Chemistry (2010), 1

New micellar macrocontrast agents with improved contrast at high frequencies were designed by grafting a gadolinium based contrast agent onto functional stealth micelles formed by poly(ethylene oxide)-b ... [more ▼]

New micellar macrocontrast agents with improved contrast at high frequencies were designed by grafting a gadolinium based contrast agent onto functional stealth micelles formed by poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PEO-b-PCL) in water. As evidenced by relaxometry measurements and the hemolytic CH50 test, the new contrast agents are of interest as MRI blood pool agents. [less ▲]

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See detailPolymers in modern ophthalmic implants—Historical background and recent advances
Bozukova, Dimitriya; Pagnoulle, Christophe; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Materials Science & Engineering : R (2010), 69(6), 63-83

Cataract surgery is the most frequently performed surgical intervention, pursued by replacement of the opacified natural lens by a polymeric intraocular lens (IOL). This paper, based on an exhaustive ... [more ▼]

Cataract surgery is the most frequently performed surgical intervention, pursued by replacement of the opacified natural lens by a polymeric intraocular lens (IOL). This paper, based on an exhaustive number of scientific references, provides a brief simplified discussion of the surgical advances for cataract treatment, and is mainly focused on the process of IOL discovery, engineering and development. The performances of the polymer materials, used for the IOLs fabrication are discussed in a comparative way, and their properties, such as handling during surgery, biocompatibility, rate of some post-surgical complications (e.g. Posterior Capsular Opacification) and optical properties, are considered. Special attention is paid on the basic scientific approaches for engineering and modification of the IOL surface and bulk properties. Polymer coating techniques like ‘grafting onto’ and ‘grafting from’ are discussed and exemplified by a variety of coating compositions and performances. In another part of the review, modification techniques concerning optimization of the bulk properties of the polymer lens are also discussed and synthetic approaches such as copolymerization and nanocomposite formation are considered. A perspective aspect of this discussion concerns improvement of the performance of the main polymer by the incorporation of in situ formed or preformed nanoparticles. The most attractive perspectives concerning the improvement of the IOL properties by chemical modification approaches are described. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro identification of targeting ligands of human M cells by phage display
Fievez, V.; Plapied, L.; Plaideau, C. et al

in International Journal of Pharmaceutics (2010), 394(1-2), 35-42

To improve transport of vaccine-loaded nanoparticles, the phage display technology was used to identify novel lead peptides targeting human M cells. Using an in vitro model of the human follicle ... [more ▼]

To improve transport of vaccine-loaded nanoparticles, the phage display technology was used to identify novel lead peptides targeting human M cells. Using an in vitro model of the human follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) which contains both Caco-2 and M cells, a T7 phage display library was screened for its ability either to bind the apical cell surface of or to undergo transcytosis across Caco-2 cells or FAE. The selection for transcytosis across both enterocytes and FAE identified three different peptide sequences (CTGKSC, PAVLG and LRVG) with high frequency. CTGKSC and LRVG sequences enhanced phage transport across M-like cells. When polymeric nanoparticles were grafted with the sequences CTGKSC and LRVG, their transport by FAE was significantly enhanced. These peptides could therefore be used to enhance the transport of vaccine-loaded nanoparticles across the intestinal mucosal barrier. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled radical polymerization of N-Vinylphthalimide using carboxyl-terminated trithiocarbonate as RAFT agent and preparation of microfibers via electrospinning technique
Chikaoui-Grioune, D.; Aqil, Abdelhafid; Zalfen, Alina M. et al

in Journal of Applied Polymer Science (2010), 117(2), 1005-1012

Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization of N-vinylphthalimide in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) solution was carried out using 2-carboxypropan-2-yl dodecyl trithiocarbonate as ... [more ▼]

Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization of N-vinylphthalimide in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) solution was carried out using 2-carboxypropan-2-yl dodecyl trithiocarbonate as a reversible chain transfer agent in the presence of 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile. The molecular weights of the polymers increased linearly with the monomer conversion and the molecular weight distributions were relatively narrow (PDI < 1.2). It is confirmed by chain extension reaction that the polymer prepared via RAFT polymerization can be used as a macro-RAFT agent. The structure of both polymers was characterized and confirmed by size-exclusion chromatography and 1H-NMR techniques. Ultrafine microfibers were prepared by electrospinning of poly(N-vinylphthalimide) in DMF solution. The effects of electrospinning process parameters such as voltage, tip-to-collector distance, and solution concentration on the morphology and the average size of the electrospun fibers were studied. To evaluate the fiber diameters, scanning electron microscope micrographs of the microfibers were performed. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution of "click chemistry" to the macromolecular engineering of aliphatic polyesters
Riva, Raphaël ULg; Schmeits, Stephanie ULg; Croisier, Florence ULg et al

Poster (2010, July 13)

In this work, click chemistry was sucessfully applied to the chemical modification of aliphatic polyesters with the purpose to tailor their physical properties. The developped strategy was then applied to ... [more ▼]

In this work, click chemistry was sucessfully applied to the chemical modification of aliphatic polyesters with the purpose to tailor their physical properties. The developped strategy was then applied to the synthesis of materials, such as smart partially degradable hydrogels or antibacterial polyesters. Last, the synthesis of amphiphilic star-shaped copolyester was investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailFacing the problem of the bis(acetylacetonato)cobalt(II)-mediated radical polymerization of acrylates
Hurtgen, Marie ULg; Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

Poster (2010, July 13)

Cobalt-Mediated Radical Polymerization (CMRP) is an efficient tool for polymerizing acrylates and vinyl esters. However, a challenge in CMRP remains in controlling the polymerization of both types of ... [more ▼]

Cobalt-Mediated Radical Polymerization (CMRP) is an efficient tool for polymerizing acrylates and vinyl esters. However, a challenge in CMRP remains in controlling the polymerization of both types of monomers with the same cobalt complex. Here, we show how Co(acac)2, efficient for unconjugated vinyl monomers, can also cope with acrylates. [less ▲]

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See detailBatch foaming of SAN/clay nanocomposites with scCO2: A very tunable way of controlling the cellular morphology
Urbanczyk, Laetitia ULg; Calberg, Cédric ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

in Polymer (2010), 51(15), 3520-3531

This paper aims at elucidating some important parameters affecting the cellular morphology of poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN)/clay nanocomposite foams prepared with the supercritical CO2 technology ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at elucidating some important parameters affecting the cellular morphology of poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN)/clay nanocomposite foams prepared with the supercritical CO2 technology. Prior to foaming experiments, the SAN/CO2 system has first been studied. The effect of nanoclay on CO2 sorption/desorption rate into/from SAN is assessed with a gravimetric method. Ideal saturation conditions are then deduced in view of the foaming process. Nanocomposites foaming has first been performed with the one-step foaming process, also called depressurization foaming. Foams with different cellular morphology have been obtained depending on nanoclay dispersion level and foaming conditions. While foaming at low temperature (40 °C) leads to foams with the highest cell density (1012–1014 cells/cm3), the foam expansion is restricted (d0.7–0.8 g/cm3). This drawback has been overcome with the use of the two-step foaming process, also called solid-state foaming, where foam expansion occurs during sample dipping in a hot oil bath (d0.1–0.5 g/cm3). Different foaming parameters have been varied, and some schemes have been drawn to summarize the characteristics of the foams prepared – cell size, cell density, foam density – depending on both the foaming conditions and nanoclay addition. This result thus illustrates the huge flexibility of the supercritical CO2 batch foaming process for tuning the foam cellular morphology. [less ▲]

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See detailBiomimetic coatings with robust antibacterial properties
Jérôme, Christine ULg; Cécius, Michaël; Faure, Emilie ULg et al

Conference (2010, July 01)

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See detailA green and refillable antibacterial coating for stainless steel
Faure, Emilie ULg; Charlot, Aurélia; Sciannaméa, Valérie et al

Poster (2010, June 29)

Because of its resistance to corrosion and chemicals, relevant mechanical and esthetical properties, stainless steel (SS) is widely used in the daily life (food industry, household appliances, surgery … ... [more ▼]

Because of its resistance to corrosion and chemicals, relevant mechanical and esthetical properties, stainless steel (SS) is widely used in the daily life (food industry, household appliances, surgery …). However, SS is unable to prevent bacteria from adhering, proliferating and forming a resistant biofilm when ageing. Therefore, surface modification is needed for providing durable antibacterial properties. We report here on an all-in-one approach to prepare refillable antimicrobial films using the layer-by-layer deposition of polyelectrolytes. Specifically designed biocidal multilayered polyelectrolyte films that bear 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), known as a promoter of adhesion to inorganic surfaces, were deposited onto SS. DOPA was incorporated in the polycationic chains by radical copolymerisation of N-methacrylated DOPA with the quaternary ammonium salt of 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA+). In order to boost the antibacterial activity of the polycationic layer, AgNO3 was added to the aqueous solution of P(DOPA)-co-P(DMAEMA+), which resulted in the in-situ formation of silver based nanoparticles, sources of biocial Ag+. The layer-by-layer deposition of aqueous P(DOPA)-co-P(DMAEMA+)/AgCl/Ag0 suspension and aqueous solution of poly(styrene sulfonate) provides high antibacterial activity against Gram-negative E. Coli bacteria. Moreover, after silver depletion, films retain some antimicrobial activity, thanks to ammonium groups of the copolymer. We also show that the antibacterial activity of the films can then be easily re-boosted. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of mesoporous carbon fibers from a poly(acrylonitrile) based block copolymer by a simple templating compression moulding process
Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg; Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

in Polymer (2010), 51(14), 2965-2971

Mesoporous carbon fibers were prepared by controlled pyrolysis of poly(vinyl acetate)-b-poly(acrylonitrile) (PVAc-b-PAN) copolymer located inside a cylindrical nanoporous template. A melt-compression ... [more ▼]

Mesoporous carbon fibers were prepared by controlled pyrolysis of poly(vinyl acetate)-b-poly(acrylonitrile) (PVAc-b-PAN) copolymer located inside a cylindrical nanoporous template. A melt-compression method was developed to help the penetration of the infusible copolymer inside the template without the use of any solvent that ensures the formation of completely filled fibers instead of nanotubes. The influence of the composition of the PVAc-b-PAN copolymer and the heating rate during pyrolysis on the porous morphology of the fibers was studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). [less ▲]

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See detail“One-pot” dispersion ATRP and alkyne-azide Huisgen’s 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition in supercritical carbon dioxide: towards the formation of functional microspheres
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Calberg, Cédric ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

in Journal of Supercritical Fluids (2010), 53(1-3), 151-155

Functional polymers were successfully prepared in scCO2 by combining alkyne-azide 1,3-dipolar Huisgen’s cycloaddition and dispersion ATRP in a “one pot” process using new perfluorinated polymeric amino ... [more ▼]

Functional polymers were successfully prepared in scCO2 by combining alkyne-azide 1,3-dipolar Huisgen’s cycloaddition and dispersion ATRP in a “one pot” process using new perfluorinated polymeric amino-based ligands that had a dual role, i.e. the complexation of the copper catalyst and the stabilization of growing particles. [less ▲]

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See detailDispersion nitroxide mediated polymerization of methyl methacrylate in supercritical carbon dioxide using in situ formed stabilizers
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Phan, Tran; Bertin, Denis et al

in Polymer Chemistry (2010), 1(6), 837-840

PMMA microspheres were successfully prepared in supercritical carbon dioxide by controlled dispersion nitroxide mediated polymerization of methyl methacrylate using perfluorinated stabilizers that were ... [more ▼]

PMMA microspheres were successfully prepared in supercritical carbon dioxide by controlled dispersion nitroxide mediated polymerization of methyl methacrylate using perfluorinated stabilizers that were generated “in situ”. [less ▲]

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See detailGlucose-responsive layer-by-layer microcapsules: a potential route to self-regulated insulin delivery
Alaimo, David ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Auzély-Velty, Rachel et al

Conference (2010, May 25)

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See detailStimuli-responsive triblock copolymer for biomedical applications
Sibret, Pierre ULg; Croisier, Florence ULg; Zhao, J. et al

Poster (2010, May 25)

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