References of "Jérôme, Christine"
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See detailα-Acetal, ω-alkyne poly(ethylene oxide) as a versatile building block for the synthesis of glycoconjugated graft-copolymers suited for targeted drug delivery
Freichels, Hélène; Alaimo, David ULg; Auzély-Velty, Rachel et al

in Bioconjugate Chemistry (2012), 23(9), 1740-1752

α-Acetal, ω-alkyne poly(ethylene oxide) was synthesized as building block of glycoconjugated poly(ε-caprolactone)-graft-poly(ethylene oxide) (PCL-g-PEO) copolymers. The alkyne group is indeed instrumental ... [more ▼]

α-Acetal, ω-alkyne poly(ethylene oxide) was synthesized as building block of glycoconjugated poly(ε-caprolactone)-graft-poly(ethylene oxide) (PCL-g-PEO) copolymers. The alkyne group is indeed instrumental for the PEGylation of a poly(α-azido-ε-caprolactone-co-ε-caprolactone) copolymer by the Huisgen’s 1,3 dipolar cycloaddition, i.e., a click reaction. Moreover, deprotection of the acetal end-group of the hydrophilic PEO grafts followed by reductive amination of the accordingly formed aldehyde with an aminated sugar is a valuable strategy of glycoconjugation of the graft copolymer, whose micelles are then potential. A model molecule (fluoresceinamine) was first considered in order to optimize the experimental conditions for the reductive amination. These conditions were then extended to the decoration of the graft copolymer micelles with mannose, which is a targeting agent of dendritic cells and macrophages. The bioavailability of the sugar units at the surface of micelles was investigated by surface plasmon resonance (SPR). The same question was addressed to nanoparticles stabilized by the graft copolymer. Enzyme linked lectin assay (ELLA) confirmed the availability of mannose at the nanoparticle surface. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganometallic-mediated radical polymerization of vinyl amides: Effect of metal coordination
Kermagoret, Anthony ULg; Morin, A.; Hurtgen, Marie ULg et al

Poster (2012, September 04)

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See detailOrganometallic-mediated radical polymerization of vinyl amides: Effect of metal coordination
Kermagoret, Anthony ULg; Morin, A.; Hurtgen, Marie ULg et al

Conference (2012, September 04)

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See detailBioactive Intraocular Lens - A New Concept to Control Secondary Cataract
Huang, Yi-Shiang ULg; Alexandre, Michaël ULg; Bozukova, Dimitriya et al

Poster (2012, August 29)

A cataract is pathology opacity of the lens, causing impairment of vision or even blindness. Today, a surgery is still the only available treatment. The intraocular lens (IOL) is a polymer implant ... [more ▼]

A cataract is pathology opacity of the lens, causing impairment of vision or even blindness. Today, a surgery is still the only available treatment. The intraocular lens (IOL) is a polymer implant designed to replace the natural lens in the cataract surgery. The materials for IOL require excellent optical properties for light transmission, mechanical properties for folding injection during surgery, and biological properties for preventing body rejection. The biocompatibility - or more specified, bio-inert - seems to be the prerequisite in selecting the materials. [1] However, the bioinert materials could not satisfy the unmet need in the secondary cataract control. Posterior capsular opacification (PCO, or Secondary Cataract), characterized by a thick and cloudy layer of lens epithelial cells (LECs), is the most common postoperative complication. In 1997, a “Sandwich Theory” model was proposed to elucidate the developmental process of PCO. [2] In this model, the residual LECs between the lens capsular bag and the IOL undergo proliferation, migration, as well as transdifferentiation and finally induce PCO if the affinity to the IOL material is low. In our research, a bioactive molecule is introduced to the conventional acrylic hydrophilic polymer pHEMA(Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)) by covalent conjugation. The RGD peptide sequence, being well-known for its tissue integration ability, is designed to stimulate the biointegration between the LECs and the IOL. [3]. Our data have shown the peptide grafted biomaterial not only exhibits similar optical and mechanical properties, but also reveals enhanced biological properties in cell adhesion and cell morphology maintenance. By means of surface functionalization of IOL to stabilize and restore LECs, the secondary cataract could be controlled in a regenerative medicine way. References [1] Dimitriya Bozukova (2010) Materials Science and Engineering R, 69: 63-83. [2] Reijo Linnola (1997) J Cataract Refract Surg., 10: 1539–42. [3] Ruoslahti E (1986) Cell, 44(4): 517-8. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis of microsphere-loaded porous polymers by combining emulsion and dispersion polymerisations in supercritical carbon dioxide
Boyère, Cédric ULg; Léonard, Alexandre ULg; Grignard, Bruno ULg et al

in Chemical Communications (2012), 48(67), 8356-8358

Highly porous materials were produced by acrylamide polymerisation templated by supercritical CO2-in-water emulsions using new fluorinated glycosurfactants. Properties of the resulting polymer scaffolds ... [more ▼]

Highly porous materials were produced by acrylamide polymerisation templated by supercritical CO2-in-water emulsions using new fluorinated glycosurfactants. Properties of the resulting polymer scaffolds were tuned by performing dispersion polymerisations within their cavities filled with supercritical CO2. [less ▲]

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See detailOnline monitoring of heterogeneous polymerizations in supercritical carbon dioxide by Raman spectroscopy
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Gilbert, Bernard ULg; Malherbe, Cédric ULg et al

in Chemphyschem : A European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry (2012), 13(11), 2666-2670

A novel setup is described to monitor the kinetics of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions online using Raman spectroscopy under high pressure. The arrangement is based on a high-pressure reactor ... [more ▼]

A novel setup is described to monitor the kinetics of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions online using Raman spectroscopy under high pressure. The arrangement is based on a high-pressure reactor equipped with a sapphire window in combination with a mobile probe that allows the collection of the back-scattered Raman signal at 360°. [less ▲]

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See detailClickable PEG conjugate obtained by ‘‘clip’’ photochemistry: Synthesis and
Pourcelle, Vincent; Le Duff, Cécile S.; Freichels, Hélène et al

in Journal of Fluorine Chemistry (2012), 140

In this paper, we describe a grafting methodology associated to a quantitative 19F NMR method (qNMR) for the conjugation of small molecules on a PEG building block aimed at click chemistry applications in ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we describe a grafting methodology associated to a quantitative 19F NMR method (qNMR) for the conjugation of small molecules on a PEG building block aimed at click chemistry applications in the domain of drug delivery systems. Acetylenic PEG (PEG-yne) was first derivatized with a fluorinated benzyl amine (TagF6) by means of photografting of a trifluoromethylphenyl diazirine bifunctional linker (TPD-clip). The amount of TagF6 grafted on PEG-yne was calculated by NMR using an internal standard (trifluoroethanol) and adjusting of the acquisition and processing parameters. NMR is used as a valuable alternative to the complex procedures often employed for the quantification of functionalities on biomaterials. The accuracy of the qNMR methodology was attested by controlling its linearity, the determination of limits of quantification and the percentage of recovery. A good assessment of the TagF6 grafting rates was obtained after taking into account the inherent unspecific adsorption that occurs on materials. This versatile methodology that combines simple chemistry and a common analytical tool was, in a second time, applied to the preparation of a PEG conjugated with a RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) peptidomimetic in a controlled manner. [less ▲]

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See detailA green and bio-inspired process to afford durable anti-biofilm properties to stainless steel
Faure, Emilie; Vreuls, Christelle; Falentin-Daudré, Céline et al

in Biofouling (2012), 28(7), 719-728

A bio-inspired durable anti-biofilm coating was developed for industrial stainless steel (SS) surfaces. Two polymers inspired from the adhesive and cross-linking properties of mussels were designed and ... [more ▼]

A bio-inspired durable anti-biofilm coating was developed for industrial stainless steel (SS) surfaces. Two polymers inspired from the adhesive and cross-linking properties of mussels were designed and assembled from aqueous solutions onto SS surfaces to afford durable coatings. Trypsin, a commercially available broad spectrum serine protease, was grafted as the final active layer of the coating. Its proteolytic activity after long immersion periods was demonstrated against several substrata, viz. a synthetic molecule, N-a-benzoyl-DL-arginine-p-nitroanilide hydrochloride (BAPNA), a protein, FTC-casein, and Gram-positive biofilm forming bacterium Staphylococcus epidermidis. [less ▲]

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See detailImplant comprising a core and a tube encasing the core
Donnez, Jacques; Van Langendonkt, Anne; Defrère, Sylvie et al

Patent (2012)

The present invention relates to an implant comprising: - a core material comprising polydimethylsiloxane or at least one hydrogel polymer; - a tube encasing said core material comprising an ethylene ... [more ▼]

The present invention relates to an implant comprising: - a core material comprising polydimethylsiloxane or at least one hydrogel polymer; - a tube encasing said core material comprising an ethylene vinyl acetate polymer or at least one hydrogel polymer; - a sealant for closure of the open ends of said tube comprising polydimethylsiloxane or a mono-, di-, or triacetoxy derivative thereof, or at least one hydrogel polymer; and - at least one active ingredient; wherein said at least one active ingredient is selected from the group comprising celecoxib, sulindac, tamoxifen, oestrogen, oestradiol, ethinyl oestradiol, mestranol, dienogest, norgestrel, levonorgestrel, desogestrel, norgestimate, ethynodiol diacetate, leuprorelin, buserelin, gonrelin, triptorelin, nafarelin, deslorelin, histrelin, and supprelin; and with the proviso that when the sealant is said at least one hydrogelpolymer, the core material comprises polydimethylsiloxane. Furthermore, the invention relates to an implant for use as a medicament. In particular, the invention relates to an implant for use in the treatment of endometriosis. [less ▲]

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See detailImplant comprising a core and a tube encasing the core
Donnez, Jacques; Van Langendonkt, Anne; Defrère, Stéphanie et al

Patent (2012)

The present invention relates to an implant comprising: - a core material comprising polydimethylsiloxane or at least one hydrogel polymer; - a tube encasing said core material comprising an ethylene ... [more ▼]

The present invention relates to an implant comprising: - a core material comprising polydimethylsiloxane or at least one hydrogel polymer; - a tube encasing said core material comprising an ethylene vinyl acetate polymer or at least one hydrogel polymer; - a sealant for closure of the open ends of said tube comprising polydimethylsiloxane or a mono-, di-, or triacetoxy derivative thereof, or at least one hydrogel polymer; and - at least one active ingredient; with the proviso that when the sealant is said at least one hydrogel polymer, the core material comprises polydimethylsiloxane. Furthermore, the invention relates to an implant for use as a medicament. In particular, the invention relates to an implant for use in the treatment of endometriosis. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthetic and mechanistic inputs of photochemistry into the bisacetylacetonatocobalt- mediated radical polymerization of n-butyl acrylate and vinyl acetate
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Versace, Davy-Louis; Piette, Yasmine et al

in Polymer Chemistry (2012), 3(7), 1856-1866

The input of photochemistry to the Co(acac)2 mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of n-butyl acrylate and vinyl acetate is investigated for the first time. Upon UV irradiation, photoinitiators are able ... [more ▼]

The input of photochemistry to the Co(acac)2 mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of n-butyl acrylate and vinyl acetate is investigated for the first time. Upon UV irradiation, photoinitiators are able to initiate the n-butyl acrylate polymerization that remains controlled up to very high molar masses (>4 × 106 g mol−1) with low polydispersities. The photoinitiator as well as the irradiation time must be appropriately chosen to reach acceptable initiator efficiencies while maintaining an optimal control over the polymerization. Laser flash photolysis experiments were then carried out to evidence the addition of alkyl and phosphonyl radicals onto Co(acac)2 and to determine the rate constants (kdeact) of these addition reactions that were still lacking. Finally, both kinetics of polymerization and spin-trapping experiments have evidenced that the C–Co bond at the extremity of the dormant polymer chains can be easily photocleaved. UV irradiation can therefore be considered as an additional lever for tuning the reactivity of the CMRP process mediated by Co(acac)2. [less ▲]

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See detailInterpolymer radical coupling: A toolbox complementary to controlled radical polymerization
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Hurtgen, Marie ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

in Progress in Polymer Science (2012), 37(7), 1004-1030

The current review focuses on the relevance and practical benefit of interpolymer radical coupling methods. The latter are developing rapidly and constitute a perfectly complementary macromolecular ... [more ▼]

The current review focuses on the relevance and practical benefit of interpolymer radical coupling methods. The latter are developing rapidly and constitute a perfectly complementary macromolecular engineering toolbox to the controlled radical polymerization techniques (CRP). Indeed, all structures formed by CRP are likely to be prone to radical coupling reactions, which multiply the available synthetic possibilities. Basically, the coupling systems can be divided in two main categories. The first one, including the atom transfer radical coupling (ATRC), silane radical atom abstraction (SRAA) and cobalt-mediated radical coupling (CMRC), relies on the recombination of macroradicals produced from a dormant species. The second one, including atom transfer nitroxide radical coupling (ATNRC), single electron transfer nitroxide radical coupling (SETNRC), enhanced spin capturing polymerization (ESCP) and nitrone/nitroso mediated radical coupling (NMRC), makes use of a radical scavenger in order to promote the conjugation of the polymer chains. More than a compilation of macromolecular engineering achievements, the present review additionally aims to emphasize the particularities, synthetic potential and present limitations of each system. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled radical polymerization of halogenated monomers
Bodart, Vincent; Piette, Yasmine; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

Patent (2012)

Process for the preparation of a halogenated polymer comprising a controlled radical polymerization step of at least one monomer containing at least one halogen-carbon bond performed in the presence of an ... [more ▼]

Process for the preparation of a halogenated polymer comprising a controlled radical polymerization step of at least one monomer containing at least one halogen-carbon bond performed in the presence of an organo-cobalt complex, said polymerization step being further carried out in the presence of at least one ligand. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled radical polymerization of halogenated monomers
Bodart, Vincent; Piette, Yasmine; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

Patent (2012)

Process for the preparation of a halogenated polymer comprising a controlled radical polymerization step of at least one monomer containing at least one halogen-carbon bond, performed in the presence of ... [more ▼]

Process for the preparation of a halogenated polymer comprising a controlled radical polymerization step of at least one monomer containing at least one halogen-carbon bond, performed in the presence of an organo-cobalt complex, said polymerization step being further carried out in non-isotherm conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailComposite comprising nanoparticles and method of making nanoparticles
Jérôme, Christine ULg; Bozukova, Dimitriya

Patent (2012)

The invention relates to a method for the production of nanoparticles comprising a conjugated polymer. The method comprises (i) providing a reaction mixture with a monomer, a photosensitising agent and a ... [more ▼]

The invention relates to a method for the production of nanoparticles comprising a conjugated polymer. The method comprises (i) providing a reaction mixture with a monomer, a photosensitising agent and a solvent, and (ii) exposing the reaction mixture to photo-irradiation to form nanoparticles of a conjugated polymer wherein the photosensitising agent is immiscible with the solvent. [less ▲]

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See detailComposite comprising nanoparticles and method of making nanoparticles
Bozukova, Dimitriya; Jérôme, Christine ULg

Patent (2012)

A method for making nanoparticles of a conjugated polymer, the method having the following steps (i) providing a reaction mixture with a monomer, a photosensitising agent and a solvent, and (ii) exposing ... [more ▼]

A method for making nanoparticles of a conjugated polymer, the method having the following steps (i) providing a reaction mixture with a monomer, a photosensitising agent and a solvent, and (ii) exposing the reaction mixture to photo irradiation to form nanoparticles of a conjugated polymer. The composite compring the nanoparticles may be used in an intraocular lens implant. [less ▲]

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See detailMetal-free strategies for the synthesis of functional and well-defined polyphosphoesters
Clement, Benoît ULg; Grignard, Bruno ULg; Koole, Leo et al

in Macromolecules (2012), 45(11), 4476-4486

We report here metal-free strategies using organocatalysis based on supramolecular recognition for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of several cyclic phosphate monomers (CPMs) by a variety of ... [more ▼]

We report here metal-free strategies using organocatalysis based on supramolecular recognition for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of several cyclic phosphate monomers (CPMs) by a variety of organocatalysts such as 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), 1,5,7-triazabicyclo[4.4.0]undec-5-ene (TBD), and a bicomponent thiourea−tertiary amine catalyst. Each of these catalysts is efficient to produce linear polyphosphoesters (PPEs) from CPMs but with different sensitivity toward transesterification side reactions. The strong basicity of DBU is sufficient to activate an alcohol initiating the polymerization in the absence of any other cocatalyst. Nevertheless, side chain transfer reactions leading to branched and/or cyclic polymeric structures are observed, especially for high monomer conversion. Unlike DBU, TBD is a dual catalyst activating both the alcohol and the monomer. This dual activation allows shorter polymerization time, but SEC analyses of polyphosphates reveal bimodal molecular weight distribution due to chains coupling. Finally, a mixture of DBU and thiourea (TU) appears by far the most efficient catalyst to carry out fast and controlled polymerization while minimizing transesterification reactions, even at near-complete conversion. Compared with polymerizations carried out with Sn(Oct)2 as a metal catalyst, the control of polymerization is much better so that it is possible to prepare polyphosphoesters (PPEs) with molecular weight close to 70 000 g mol−1 and polydispersity index below 1.10. Simultaneous activation by TU of both CPMs and the alcohol group of the initiator by DBU proves to be an effective and robust ROP catalytic system to synthesize polymers with predictable molecular weight and narrow polydispersity. The chain extension experiments through the use of hydroxy end- capped PPEs as macroinitiators confirm the controlled/living nature of the DBU/TU-catalyzed ROP of CPMs and pave the way to the synthesis of block copolymers based on polyphosphates. [less ▲]

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