References of "Jérôme, Christine"
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See detailSynthesis of microsphere-loaded porous polymers by combining emulsion and dispersion polymerisations in supercritical carbon dioxide
Boyère, Cédric ULg; Léonard, Alexandre ULg; Grignard, Bruno ULg et al

in Chemical Communications (2012), 48(67), 8356-8358

Highly porous materials were produced by acrylamide polymerisation templated by supercritical CO2-in-water emulsions using new fluorinated glycosurfactants. Properties of the resulting polymer scaffolds ... [more ▼]

Highly porous materials were produced by acrylamide polymerisation templated by supercritical CO2-in-water emulsions using new fluorinated glycosurfactants. Properties of the resulting polymer scaffolds were tuned by performing dispersion polymerisations within their cavities filled with supercritical CO2. [less ▲]

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See detailOnline monitoring of heterogeneous polymerizations in supercritical carbon dioxide by Raman spectroscopy
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Gilbert, Bernard ULg; Malherbe, Cédric ULg et al

in Chemphyschem : A European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry (2012), 13(11), 2666-2670

A novel setup is described to monitor the kinetics of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions online using Raman spectroscopy under high pressure. The arrangement is based on a high-pressure reactor ... [more ▼]

A novel setup is described to monitor the kinetics of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions online using Raman spectroscopy under high pressure. The arrangement is based on a high-pressure reactor equipped with a sapphire window in combination with a mobile probe that allows the collection of the back-scattered Raman signal at 360°. [less ▲]

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See detailClickable PEG conjugate obtained by ‘‘clip’’ photochemistry: Synthesis and
Pourcelle, Vincent; Le Duff, Cécile S.; Freichels, Hélène et al

in Journal of Fluorine Chemistry (2012), 140

In this paper, we describe a grafting methodology associated to a quantitative 19F NMR method (qNMR) for the conjugation of small molecules on a PEG building block aimed at click chemistry applications in ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we describe a grafting methodology associated to a quantitative 19F NMR method (qNMR) for the conjugation of small molecules on a PEG building block aimed at click chemistry applications in the domain of drug delivery systems. Acetylenic PEG (PEG-yne) was first derivatized with a fluorinated benzyl amine (TagF6) by means of photografting of a trifluoromethylphenyl diazirine bifunctional linker (TPD-clip). The amount of TagF6 grafted on PEG-yne was calculated by NMR using an internal standard (trifluoroethanol) and adjusting of the acquisition and processing parameters. NMR is used as a valuable alternative to the complex procedures often employed for the quantification of functionalities on biomaterials. The accuracy of the qNMR methodology was attested by controlling its linearity, the determination of limits of quantification and the percentage of recovery. A good assessment of the TagF6 grafting rates was obtained after taking into account the inherent unspecific adsorption that occurs on materials. This versatile methodology that combines simple chemistry and a common analytical tool was, in a second time, applied to the preparation of a PEG conjugated with a RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) peptidomimetic in a controlled manner. [less ▲]

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See detailA green and bio-inspired process to afford durable anti-biofilm properties to stainless steel
Faure, Emilie; Vreuls, Christelle; Falentin-Daudré, Céline et al

in Biofouling (2012), 28(7), 719-728

A bio-inspired durable anti-biofilm coating was developed for industrial stainless steel (SS) surfaces. Two polymers inspired from the adhesive and cross-linking properties of mussels were designed and ... [more ▼]

A bio-inspired durable anti-biofilm coating was developed for industrial stainless steel (SS) surfaces. Two polymers inspired from the adhesive and cross-linking properties of mussels were designed and assembled from aqueous solutions onto SS surfaces to afford durable coatings. Trypsin, a commercially available broad spectrum serine protease, was grafted as the final active layer of the coating. Its proteolytic activity after long immersion periods was demonstrated against several substrata, viz. a synthetic molecule, N-a-benzoyl-DL-arginine-p-nitroanilide hydrochloride (BAPNA), a protein, FTC-casein, and Gram-positive biofilm forming bacterium Staphylococcus epidermidis. [less ▲]

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See detailImplant comprising a core and a tube encasing the core
Donnez, Jacques; Van Langendonkt, Anne; Defrère, Sylvie et al

Patent (2012)

The present invention relates to an implant comprising: - a core material comprising polydimethylsiloxane or at least one hydrogel polymer; - a tube encasing said core material comprising an ethylene ... [more ▼]

The present invention relates to an implant comprising: - a core material comprising polydimethylsiloxane or at least one hydrogel polymer; - a tube encasing said core material comprising an ethylene vinyl acetate polymer or at least one hydrogel polymer; - a sealant for closure of the open ends of said tube comprising polydimethylsiloxane or a mono-, di-, or triacetoxy derivative thereof, or at least one hydrogel polymer; and - at least one active ingredient; wherein said at least one active ingredient is selected from the group comprising celecoxib, sulindac, tamoxifen, oestrogen, oestradiol, ethinyl oestradiol, mestranol, dienogest, norgestrel, levonorgestrel, desogestrel, norgestimate, ethynodiol diacetate, leuprorelin, buserelin, gonrelin, triptorelin, nafarelin, deslorelin, histrelin, and supprelin; and with the proviso that when the sealant is said at least one hydrogelpolymer, the core material comprises polydimethylsiloxane. Furthermore, the invention relates to an implant for use as a medicament. In particular, the invention relates to an implant for use in the treatment of endometriosis. [less ▲]

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See detailImplant comprising a core and a tube encasing the core
Donnez, Jacques; Van Langendonkt, Anne; Defrère, Stéphanie et al

Patent (2012)

The present invention relates to an implant comprising: - a core material comprising polydimethylsiloxane or at least one hydrogel polymer; - a tube encasing said core material comprising an ethylene ... [more ▼]

The present invention relates to an implant comprising: - a core material comprising polydimethylsiloxane or at least one hydrogel polymer; - a tube encasing said core material comprising an ethylene vinyl acetate polymer or at least one hydrogel polymer; - a sealant for closure of the open ends of said tube comprising polydimethylsiloxane or a mono-, di-, or triacetoxy derivative thereof, or at least one hydrogel polymer; and - at least one active ingredient; with the proviso that when the sealant is said at least one hydrogel polymer, the core material comprises polydimethylsiloxane. Furthermore, the invention relates to an implant for use as a medicament. In particular, the invention relates to an implant for use in the treatment of endometriosis. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthetic and mechanistic inputs of photochemistry into the bisacetylacetonatocobalt- mediated radical polymerization of n-butyl acrylate and vinyl acetate
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Versace, Davy-Louis; Piette, Yasmine et al

in Polymer Chemistry (2012), 3(7), 1856-1866

The input of photochemistry to the Co(acac)2 mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of n-butyl acrylate and vinyl acetate is investigated for the first time. Upon UV irradiation, photoinitiators are able ... [more ▼]

The input of photochemistry to the Co(acac)2 mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of n-butyl acrylate and vinyl acetate is investigated for the first time. Upon UV irradiation, photoinitiators are able to initiate the n-butyl acrylate polymerization that remains controlled up to very high molar masses (>4 × 106 g mol−1) with low polydispersities. The photoinitiator as well as the irradiation time must be appropriately chosen to reach acceptable initiator efficiencies while maintaining an optimal control over the polymerization. Laser flash photolysis experiments were then carried out to evidence the addition of alkyl and phosphonyl radicals onto Co(acac)2 and to determine the rate constants (kdeact) of these addition reactions that were still lacking. Finally, both kinetics of polymerization and spin-trapping experiments have evidenced that the C–Co bond at the extremity of the dormant polymer chains can be easily photocleaved. UV irradiation can therefore be considered as an additional lever for tuning the reactivity of the CMRP process mediated by Co(acac)2. [less ▲]

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See detailInterpolymer radical coupling: A toolbox complementary to controlled radical polymerization
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Hurtgen, Marie ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

in Progress in Polymer Science (2012), 37(7), 1004-1030

The current review focuses on the relevance and practical benefit of interpolymer radical coupling methods. The latter are developing rapidly and constitute a perfectly complementary macromolecular ... [more ▼]

The current review focuses on the relevance and practical benefit of interpolymer radical coupling methods. The latter are developing rapidly and constitute a perfectly complementary macromolecular engineering toolbox to the controlled radical polymerization techniques (CRP). Indeed, all structures formed by CRP are likely to be prone to radical coupling reactions, which multiply the available synthetic possibilities. Basically, the coupling systems can be divided in two main categories. The first one, including the atom transfer radical coupling (ATRC), silane radical atom abstraction (SRAA) and cobalt-mediated radical coupling (CMRC), relies on the recombination of macroradicals produced from a dormant species. The second one, including atom transfer nitroxide radical coupling (ATNRC), single electron transfer nitroxide radical coupling (SETNRC), enhanced spin capturing polymerization (ESCP) and nitrone/nitroso mediated radical coupling (NMRC), makes use of a radical scavenger in order to promote the conjugation of the polymer chains. More than a compilation of macromolecular engineering achievements, the present review additionally aims to emphasize the particularities, synthetic potential and present limitations of each system. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled radical polymerization of halogenated monomers
Bodart, Vincent; Piette, Yasmine; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

Patent (2012)

Process for the preparation of a halogenated polymer comprising a controlled radical polymerization step of at least one monomer containing at least one halogen-carbon bond performed in the presence of an ... [more ▼]

Process for the preparation of a halogenated polymer comprising a controlled radical polymerization step of at least one monomer containing at least one halogen-carbon bond performed in the presence of an organo-cobalt complex, said polymerization step being further carried out in the presence of at least one ligand. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled radical polymerization of halogenated monomers
Bodart, Vincent; Piette, Yasmine; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

Patent (2012)

Process for the preparation of a halogenated polymer comprising a controlled radical polymerization step of at least one monomer containing at least one halogen-carbon bond, performed in the presence of ... [more ▼]

Process for the preparation of a halogenated polymer comprising a controlled radical polymerization step of at least one monomer containing at least one halogen-carbon bond, performed in the presence of an organo-cobalt complex, said polymerization step being further carried out in non-isotherm conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailComposite comprising nanoparticles and method of making nanoparticles
Jérôme, Christine ULg; Bozukova, Dimitriya

Patent (2012)

The invention relates to a method for the production of nanoparticles comprising a conjugated polymer. The method comprises (i) providing a reaction mixture with a monomer, a photosensitising agent and a ... [more ▼]

The invention relates to a method for the production of nanoparticles comprising a conjugated polymer. The method comprises (i) providing a reaction mixture with a monomer, a photosensitising agent and a solvent, and (ii) exposing the reaction mixture to photo-irradiation to form nanoparticles of a conjugated polymer wherein the photosensitising agent is immiscible with the solvent. [less ▲]

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See detailComposite comprising nanoparticles and method of making nanoparticles
Bozukova, Dimitriya; Jérôme, Christine ULg

Patent (2012)

A method for making nanoparticles of a conjugated polymer, the method having the following steps (i) providing a reaction mixture with a monomer, a photosensitising agent and a solvent, and (ii) exposing ... [more ▼]

A method for making nanoparticles of a conjugated polymer, the method having the following steps (i) providing a reaction mixture with a monomer, a photosensitising agent and a solvent, and (ii) exposing the reaction mixture to photo irradiation to form nanoparticles of a conjugated polymer. The composite compring the nanoparticles may be used in an intraocular lens implant. [less ▲]

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See detailMetal-free strategies for the synthesis of functional and well-defined polyphosphoesters
Clement, Benoît ULg; Grignard, Bruno ULg; Koole, Leo et al

in Macromolecules (2012), 45(11), 4476-4486

We report here metal-free strategies using organocatalysis based on supramolecular recognition for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of several cyclic phosphate monomers (CPMs) by a variety of ... [more ▼]

We report here metal-free strategies using organocatalysis based on supramolecular recognition for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of several cyclic phosphate monomers (CPMs) by a variety of organocatalysts such as 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), 1,5,7-triazabicyclo[4.4.0]undec-5-ene (TBD), and a bicomponent thiourea−tertiary amine catalyst. Each of these catalysts is efficient to produce linear polyphosphoesters (PPEs) from CPMs but with different sensitivity toward transesterification side reactions. The strong basicity of DBU is sufficient to activate an alcohol initiating the polymerization in the absence of any other cocatalyst. Nevertheless, side chain transfer reactions leading to branched and/or cyclic polymeric structures are observed, especially for high monomer conversion. Unlike DBU, TBD is a dual catalyst activating both the alcohol and the monomer. This dual activation allows shorter polymerization time, but SEC analyses of polyphosphates reveal bimodal molecular weight distribution due to chains coupling. Finally, a mixture of DBU and thiourea (TU) appears by far the most efficient catalyst to carry out fast and controlled polymerization while minimizing transesterification reactions, even at near-complete conversion. Compared with polymerizations carried out with Sn(Oct)2 as a metal catalyst, the control of polymerization is much better so that it is possible to prepare polyphosphoesters (PPEs) with molecular weight close to 70 000 g mol−1 and polydispersity index below 1.10. Simultaneous activation by TU of both CPMs and the alcohol group of the initiator by DBU proves to be an effective and robust ROP catalytic system to synthesize polymers with predictable molecular weight and narrow polydispersity. The chain extension experiments through the use of hydroxy end- capped PPEs as macroinitiators confirm the controlled/living nature of the DBU/TU-catalyzed ROP of CPMs and pave the way to the synthesis of block copolymers based on polyphosphates. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthèse de copolymères amphiphiles originaux par polymérisation radicalaire contrôlée via des complexes de cobalt
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Hurtgen, Marie ULg; Liu, Ji ULg et al

Conference (2012, June 05)

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See detailUse of glycosurfactants for the synthesis of polyHIPES in supercritical carbon dioxide
Boyère, Cédric ULg; Favrelle, Audrey; Léonard, Alexandre ULg et al

Poster (2012, June 04)

The abstract is available as a pdf file.

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (4 ULg)
See detailNanobodies as structural probes to investigate the mechanism of fibril formation by the amyloidogenic variants of human lysozyme
Dumont, Janice ULg; pardon, Els; Aumont-Nicaise, Magali et al

Poster (2012, June)

Six variants of human lysozyme (single-point mutatants I56T, F57I, W64R, D67H and double mutants F57I/T70N, W112R/T70N) are associated with a hereditary non-neuropathic systemic amyloidosis. These ... [more ▼]

Six variants of human lysozyme (single-point mutatants I56T, F57I, W64R, D67H and double mutants F57I/T70N, W112R/T70N) are associated with a hereditary non-neuropathic systemic amyloidosis. These proteins form extracellular amyloid fibrils that deposit in a wide range of tissues and organs such as liver, spleen and kidneys where they cause damages [1]. It was shown that the D67H and I56T mutations cause a loss in stability and more particularly a loss of global cooperativity of protein [1]. Consequently, under physiologically relevant conditions, these variants can transiently populate a partially unfolded state in which the beta-domain and the C-helix are cooperatively unfolded while the rest of the protein remains native like [1]. The formation of intermolecular interactions between the regions that are unfolded in this intermediate state is likely to be a fundamental trigger of the aggregation process that ultimately leads to the formation and deposition of fibrils in tissues. We have also shown that the binding of three variable domain of camelid antibodies (VHHs) - raised against the wild type human lysozyme inhibit in vitro the formation of amyloid fibrils by the lysozyme variants. These three VHHs bind on different regions of lysozyme and act as amyloid fibril inhibitor through different mechanisms [2, 3, and unpublished results]. In the present work, sixteen new VHHs specific of human lysozyme have been generated. Competition experiments have shown that they bind to five non-overlapping epitopes. We have demonstrated that five of these VHHs are able to bind lysozyme in conditions used for amyloid fibril formation, and interestingly two of them recognize two epitopes that are different from those of the three VHHs previously characterized [2, 3, and unpublished results]. The effects of these new VHHs on the properties of lysozyme variants such as stability, cooperativity and aggregation will be discussed. [1] Dumoulin, M., J.R. Kumita, and C.M. Dobson, Normal and aberrant biological self-assembly: Insights from studies of human lysozyme and its amyloidogenic variants. Acc Chem Res, 2006, 39(9), 603-610. [2] Dumoulin, M., et al., A camelid antibody fragment inhibits the formation of amyloid fibrils by human lysozyme. Nature, 2003, 424, 783-788. [3] Chan, P.H., et al., Engineering a camelid antibody fragment that binds to the active site of human lysozyme and inhibits its conversion into amyloid fibrils. Biochemistry, 2008, 47, 11041-11054. [less ▲]

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See detailEasy functionalization of amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) copolymer micelles with unprotected sugar: synthesis and recognition by lectins
Freichels, Hélène; Auzély-Velty, Rachel; Lecomte, Philippe ULg et al

in Polymer Chemistry (2012), 3(6), 1436-1145

This paper aims at reporting the end-functionalization of a PEO block of an amphiphilic α-acetal-PEO-b-PCL copolymer. The acetal end-group, which is the fragment of the initiator used in the EO ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at reporting the end-functionalization of a PEO block of an amphiphilic α-acetal-PEO-b-PCL copolymer. The acetal end-group, which is the fragment of the initiator used in the EO polymerization, was first hydrolyzed into an aldehyde that was then reacted with an amine by reductive amination reaction in water. This two-step derivatization was carried out in one pot. In a preliminary study a model amine, i.e. fluorescein amine, was used and the impact of the composition, thus of the Hydrophilic–Lipophilic Balance (HLB) of the amphiphilic copolymer, was studied. The experimental conditions were extended to the coupling of an aminated mannose to the diblock copolymer. The frozen micelles formed by the mannosylated copolymer proved to form complexes with various lectins as shown by Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) and Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC). [less ▲]

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