References of "Hutsemekers, Damien"
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See detailSub-arcsecond imaging and spectroscopy of the radio-loud highly polarized quasar PKS 1610-771.
Courbin, F.; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg; Meylan, G. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1997), 317

We report on imaging and spectroscopic observations of the radio-loud, highly polarized quasar PKS 1610-771 (z=1.71). Our long-slit spectroscopy of the companion 4.55" NW of the quasar confirms the ... [more ▼]

We report on imaging and spectroscopic observations of the radio-loud, highly polarized quasar PKS 1610-771 (z=1.71). Our long-slit spectroscopy of the companion 4.55" NW of the quasar confirms the stellar nature of this object, so ruling out the previously suspected gravitationally lensed nature of this system. PKS 1610-771 looks fuzzy on our sub-arcsecond R and I images and appears located in a rich environment of faint galaxies. Possible magnification, without image splitting of the quasar itself, by some of these maybe foreground galaxies cannot be excluded. The continuum fuzz (made of the closest two objects, viz. A and D) is elongated in a direction orthogonal to the E vector of the optical polarization, as in high-redshift radio-galaxies. The spectrum of PKS 1610-771 appears strongly curved, in a convex way, with a maximum of intensity at ~7,600Å (2,800AÅ rest frame), possibly indicating a strong ultraviolet absorption by dust. [less ▲]

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See detailDust in LBV-type Nebulae
Hutsemekers, Damien ULg

in Luminous Blue Variables: Massive Stars in Transition. ASPC 120 (1997)

Some systematic properties of dust in LBV-type nebulae are reviewed on the basis of the far-infrared thermal emission measured by the IRAS satellite, and the scattering of visible stellar light.

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See detailPKS 1610-771: a highly reddened quasar?
Courbin, F.; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg; Meylan, G. et al

in The Messenger (1996), 85

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See detailWR22: the most massive Wolf-Rayet star ever weighed.
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Vreux, Jean-Marie ULg; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1996), 306

The results of an extensive spectroscopic campaign on the eclipsing binary WR22 are presented. A new radial velocity curve is deduced for the WN7 component, allowing us to improve the parameters of the ... [more ▼]

The results of an extensive spectroscopic campaign on the eclipsing binary WR22 are presented. A new radial velocity curve is deduced for the WN7 component, allowing us to improve the parameters of the orbit, formerly determined on the basis of photographic spectra. The high signal-to-noise ratio of our data also allows the detection of some weak absorption lines which, for the first time, can definitely be attributed to the companion. A study of their radial velocities gives a mass ratio of m_WR_/m_O_=2.78 leading to a minimum mass of 72M[SUB]sun[/SUB]_ for the WN7 star. The companion can be classified as a "late O" (O6.5-O8.5) star with a luminosity ratio of the system q=L_WR_^y^/L_O_^y^ at 5500A of about 8. The exceptionally high mass of the WN7 star and its high hydrogen mass-fraction suggest that WR22 is at the beginning of its Wolf-Rayet evolution. As a matter of fact, with such a high mass, WR22 most probably is still a hydrogen burning object. Therefore, the WN7 component is much closer to a main sequence O star with a "Wolf-Rayet clothing" than to the other members of the Wolf-Rayet family, which are rather highly evolved He-burning descendants of massive progenitors. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Clover Leaf Quasar H1413+117: New Photometric Light Curves
Remy, M.; Gosset, Eric ULg; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg et al

in Kochanek, C. S.; Hewitt, Jacqueline N (Eds.) Astrophysical applications of gravitational lensing: proceedings of the 173rd Symposium of the International Astronomical Union (1996)

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See detailSpectropolarimetry of WR66
Lamy, H.; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg; Rauw, Grégor ULg

in Wolf-Rayet stars in the framework of stellar evolution ; 33rd Liege International Astrophysical Coll (1996)

We have carried out spectropolarimetric observations of the Wolf-Rayet star WR66 (WN8) with EFOSC1 mounted on the ESO 3.6m telescope of La Silla. The results indicate a polarization level of about 5 to 6 ... [more ▼]

We have carried out spectropolarimetric observations of the Wolf-Rayet star WR66 (WN8) with EFOSC1 mounted on the ESO 3.6m telescope of La Silla. The results indicate a polarization level of about 5 to 6 % in the continuum which is most probably due to interstellar polarization. [less ▲]

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See detailPhotometric monitoring (1987 to 1994) of the gravitational lens candidate UM 425.
Courbin, F.; Magain, Pierre ULg; Remy, M. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1995), 303

We present the results of a 7 year long photometric monitoring of two components (A and B) of UM 425, thought to be images, separated by 6.5", of the same z=1.47 quasar. These components have been imaged ... [more ▼]

We present the results of a 7 year long photometric monitoring of two components (A and B) of UM 425, thought to be images, separated by 6.5", of the same z=1.47 quasar. These components have been imaged through an R filter in order to obtain their light curves. The photometry was obtained by simultaneously fitting a stellar two-dimensional profile on each component. The brightest image (component A, m_R_=15.7) shows a slow and smooth increase in brightness of 0.2 magnitude in seven years, while the faintest one (component B, m_R_=20.1) displays an outburst of 0.4 magnitude which lasts approximately two years. The variation of component B may be interpreted in two ways, assuming UM 425 is gravitationally lensed. If it is due to an intrinsic variation of the quasar, we derive a lower limit of 3 years on the time delay from the fact that it is not observed in component A. On the other hand, if it is a microlensing "High Amplification Event", we estimate the size of the source to be ~10^-3^pc, in agreement with standard models of AGNs. These observations are consistent with the gravitational lens interpretation of the object. Furthermore, all the CCD frames obtained under the best seeing conditions have been co-added, in an attempt to detect the deflector. The final R image reveals a rich field of faint galaxies in the magnitude range m_R_~22-24. No obvious deflector, nor any system of arcs or arclets is detected, down to a limiting magnitude of m_R_~24. [less ▲]

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See detailWR22 as a core hydrogen-burning Wolf-Rayet star
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Vreux, Jean-Marie ULg; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Stellar evolution: what should be done; 32nd Liege International Astrophysical Coll. (1995)

The analysis of an extensive sample of high resolution spectra of the Wolf-Rayet binary WR22 recently allowed us to determine a minimum mass of 72 M_solar for the WN7 star. With such a high mass, WR22 is ... [more ▼]

The analysis of an extensive sample of high resolution spectra of the Wolf-Rayet binary WR22 recently allowed us to determine a minimum mass of 72 M_solar for the WN7 star. With such a high mass, WR22 is expected to be a core H-Burning star which has just evolved from a progenitor of at least 90-110 M_solar. [less ▲]

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See detailA seven year campaign on WR 22
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Vreux, Jean-Marie ULg; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Wolf-Rayet Stars: Binaries; Colliding Winds; Evolution. International Astronomical Union. Symposium no. 163 (1995)

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See detailA dusty nebula around the luminous blue variable candidate HD 168625
Hutsemekers, Damien ULg; van Drom, E.; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1994), 290

On the basis of narrow-band visible and near-infrared imagery as well as high-resolution spectroscopy, we report the discovery of a new LBV-type nebula around the B supergiant HD 168625. We find that it ... [more ▼]

On the basis of narrow-band visible and near-infrared imagery as well as high-resolution spectroscopy, we report the discovery of a new LBV-type nebula around the B supergiant HD 168625. We find that it essentially consists of a dusty expanding shell from which seems to emerge a bipolar emission nebula, the whole embedded in a reflection nebulosity. The inner shell is stratified: the continuum emission arises beyond the ionized gas, and is possibly due to scattering of stellar light by large dust grains or to non-equilibrium dust emission. The unexpected presence of unidentified infrared emission bands (UIRs) in the spectrum of this object is also discussed. We finally report the non-detection of a comparable nebula around the nearby LBV HD 168607. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of gravitational microlensing to scan the structure of BAL QSOs
Hutsemekers, Damien ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg; van Drom, E.

in Astrophysics & Space Science (1994), 216

Approximately 10% of the quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) show broad absorption lines (BAL) in their spectra which, if interpreted in terms of Doppler velocities, reveal the presence of high velocity gas ... [more ▼]

Approximately 10% of the quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) show broad absorption lines (BAL) in their spectra which, if interpreted in terms of Doppler velocities, reveal the presence of high velocity gas outflows. One of these BAL QSOs is known to be gravitationally lensed. It therefore constitutes a good candidate to search for microlensing effects, i.e., the selective amplification of different line forming regions. Considering current models for the BAL region, we have investigated the effects of moving microlenses on the line profiles, and we conclude that these effects strongly depend on the adopted model. A regular spectroscopic monitoring of lensed BAL QSOs would therefore be highly valuable to distinguish between the various models proposed so far to interpret the origin of broad absorption lines. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence for violent ejection of nebulae from massive stars
Hutsemekers, Damien ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1994), 281(Letters), 81-84

We report the results of a systematic search for nebulae around Luminous Blue Variable LBVs) and the discovery of a strong correlation between the mass of the nebulae and the luminosity of the central ... [more ▼]

We report the results of a systematic search for nebulae around Luminous Blue Variable LBVs) and the discovery of a strong correlation between the mass of the nebulae and the luminosity of the central stars. This correlation holds for both the dust and ionized gas masses of the nebulae. The existence of a 'nebular mass-stellar luminosity' relation and the fact that not all LBVs are presently associated with a nebula give evidence against a continuous mass-loss mechanism for the formation of these nebulae. Further, the good agreement found between the observed relation and predictions by Maeder (1989), suggests that all these nebulae may be due to a violent ejection of matter caused by an instability of structural origin. [less ▲]

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See detailSelective gravitational microlensing and line profile variations in the BAL quasar H 1413+117
Hutsemekers, Damien ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1993), 280

In order to interpret the spectral differences observed between the four images of the gravitationally lensed broad absorption line (BAL) quasar H 1413+117, we have investigated the effect on the line ... [more ▼]

In order to interpret the spectral differences observed between the four images of the gravitationally lensed broad absorption line (BAL) quasar H 1413+117, we have investigated the effect on the line profiles of the selective magnification of individual BAL clouds by gravitational microlenses. Since microlenses magnify both the selected cloud and the whole BAL region, this effect is only differential, and general constraints on its capability to produce spectral variations have been derived. Considering simple but realistic models for the microlenses, we find that the selective magnification of a relatively large optically thick BAL cloud can be at the origin of the spectral differences reported between the components of H 1413+117. However, a very precise configuration is needed: the magnified cloud must be at the border of the BAL region which must itself partially lie in a region of strong de-magnification. The fine tuning of the parameters mecessary to reproduce the observations either seriously questions this kind of interpretation or puts strong constraints on the lensing models. Another interpretation of the observed line profile differences in terms of effects due to microlensing is also briefly discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailFormation of P Cygni Line Profiles in Relativistically Expanding Atmospheres. II. The Effect of the Continuum Frequency Shape and Limb Darkening of the Core
Hutsemekers, Damien ULg

in Astrophysical Journal (1993), 417

Abstract image available at: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993ApJ...417...97H

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See detailGravitational lensing statistics based on a large sample of highly luminous quasars
Surdej, Jean ULg; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Crampton, D. et al

in Astronomical Journal (The) (1993), 105

Results on gravitational lensing statistics applied to a sample of 469 highly luminous quasars are reported. The objects were directly imaged, either from the ground under optimal seeing conditions, or ... [more ▼]

Results on gravitational lensing statistics applied to a sample of 469 highly luminous quasars are reported. The objects were directly imaged, either from the ground under optimal seeing conditions, or using the HST. We have derived values for the effectiveness parameter F of galaxies, modeled by means of singular isothermal spheres, to produce macrolensed images of distant quasars, and upper limits on the density parameter Omega(L) of compact objects with masses between 10 exp 10 and 10 exp 12 solar masses. Adopting H(0)= 50 km/s/Mpc, Omega(0)= 1, and Lambda = 0, we find that at the 99.7 percent confidence level, F is between 0.005 and 0.478 and that Omega(L) is less than 0.02. A critical discussion of these results is presented. Finally, comparing the efficiencies of ground-based and space instruments used to search for gravitational lens systems among highly luminous quasars, we conclude that for the near future, ground-based direct imaging characterized by a good dynamical range still constitutes the best observational strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailErratum - Q:1208+1011 - the Most Distant Multiply Imaged Quasar or a Binary
Magain, Pierre ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg; Vanderriest, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1993), 272

In the title of this Letter, the word "multiply" was accidentally omitted. The correct title is shown above.

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See detailGalaxies statistics around highly luminous quasars: the ESO Sample
van Drom, E.; Surdej, Jean ULg; Magain, Pierre ULg et al

in Surdej, Jean; Fraipont-Caro, Denise; Gosset, Eric (Eds.) et al The proceedings of the 31st Liège International Astrophysical Colloquium "Gravitational lenses in the Universe" (1993)

We present observational evidence on the correlation between the positions of Highly Luminous Quasars and those of galaxies for a sample of 136 objects, observed under good seeing conditions.

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See detailCan micro-lensing effects help to distinguish between the models for the BAL region of QSOs?
Hutsemekers, Damien ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg; van Drom, E.

in Surdej, Jean; Fraipont-Caro, D.; Gosset, Eric (Eds.) et al Liege International Astrophysical Colloquia, Gravitational Lenses in the Universe (1993)

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See detailThe relative photometric lightcurve of UM673 A&B
Daulie, G.; Hainaut, O.; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg et al

in Surdej, Jean; Fraipont-Caro, Denise; Gosset, Eric (Eds.) et al The proceedings of the 31st Liège International Astrophysical Colloquium "Gravitational lenses in (1993)

From 1987 to 1993, we have carried out at ESO a photometric monitoring of the gravitationally lensed quasar UM673. The main result is that the two lensed images of UM673 did not show any significant ... [more ▼]

From 1987 to 1993, we have carried out at ESO a photometric monitoring of the gravitationally lensed quasar UM673. The main result is that the two lensed images of UM673 did not show any significant relative variation during more than five years. [less ▲]

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See detailThe cloverleaf quasar H1413+117: a preliminary light curve
Arnould, P.; Remy, M.; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Surdej, Jean; Fraipont-Caro, Denise; Gosset, Eric (Eds.) et al The proceedings of the 31st Liège International Astrophysical Colloquium "Gravitational lenses in the Universe" (1993)

The cloverleaf quasar H1413+117 was discovered to be a gravitational lens system in 1988. Since then, it has been photometrically monitored essentially as part of the ESO key-program Gravitational lensing ... [more ▼]

The cloverleaf quasar H1413+117 was discovered to be a gravitational lens system in 1988. Since then, it has been photometrically monitored essentially as part of the ESO key-program Gravitational lensing: we present here a first preliminary lightcurve for its four individual images. [less ▲]

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