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See detailA relict sedimentary record of seven earthquakes between 600 AD and 2000 BC on the central North Anatolian Fault at Elmacik, near Osmancik, Turkey
Fraser, J.; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Vanneste, K. et al

in Geological Society of America Bulletin (2010), 122(11-12), 1830-1845

Deformation along the northern edge of the westward-moving Anatolian plate is concentrated along the North Anatolian fault. This northward-arching fault extends from the Karliova triple junction in the ... [more ▼]

Deformation along the northern edge of the westward-moving Anatolian plate is concentrated along the North Anatolian fault. This northward-arching fault extends from the Karliova triple junction in the east, ∼1500 km into the Aegean Sea in the west. A sequence of twentieth-century earthquakes ruptured the fault, displaying a spatiotemporal pattern consistent with a stress triggering mechanism. In 1943, the Mw 7.6 Tosya earthquake ruptured a 280-km-long segment near the center of the fault. Four paleoseismic investigations have previously investigated this segment, and the present study was conducted near its center, in an ∼180-km-long gap between existing studies. A paleoseismic trench revealed a sequence of eight sediment packages abutting a highly developed shear zone. Each of the packages consists of a fine-grained layer overlying a coarse-grained layer. Based on correlation between the age of the base of the coarse-grained layers and existing earthquake records, we infer that the coarse-grained layers were deposited in response to earthquakes because of increased erosion on an adjacent steep slope. The most recent event horizon may correlate to the historical 529 A.D. earthquake. Timing of six older earthquakes is constrained to (2s): 23 B.C.–103 A.D., 609–185 B.C., 971–814 B.C., 1227–968 B.C., 2050–1777 B.C., and 2556–2235 B.C., which correspond to a summed interevent time of 97–912 yr (2s). The earthquake record is relict because the local stream network was incised ca. 1000 A.D., isolating the trench site from its sediment source. A stream near the trench was subsequently offset by 23.5 ± 1.5 m, yielding a right-lateral slip rate of 21.4–25.6 mm/yr and suggesting that the 1943 rupture caused an uncharacteristically small offset. [less ▲]

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See detailLe risque sismique en Anatolie
Hubert, Aurelia ULg

Scientific conference (2010, June 06)

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See detailThe earthquake sedimentary record of the Marmara Sea, Turkey
Drab, Laureen; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Schmidt, Sabine et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2010, May)

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See detailStructure and evolution of Lake Hazar pull-apart Basin along the East Anatolian Fault
Garcia Moreno, D.; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Moernaut, J. et al

in Basin Research (2010)

The Hazar Basin is a 25 km-long, 7 km-wide and 216 m-deep depression located on the central section of the East Anatolian Fault zone (eastern Turkey) and predominantly overlain by Lake Hazar. This basin ... [more ▼]

The Hazar Basin is a 25 km-long, 7 km-wide and 216 m-deep depression located on the central section of the East Anatolian Fault zone (eastern Turkey) and predominantly overlain by Lake Hazar. This basin has been described previously as a pull-apart basin because of its rhombic shape and an apparent fault step-over between the main fault traces situated at the southwestern and northeastern ends of the lake. However, detailed structural investigation beneath Lake Hazar has not been undertaken previously to verify this interpretation. Geophysical and sedimentological data from Lake Hazar were collected during field campaigns in 2006 and 2007. The analysis of this data reveals that the main strand of the East Anatolian Fault (the Master Fault) is continuous across the Hazar Basin, connecting the two segments previously assumed to be the sidewall faults of a pull-apart structure. In the northeastern part of the lake, an asymmetrical subsiding sub-basin, bounded by two major faults, is cross-cut by the Master Fault, which forms a releasing bend within the lake. Comparison of the structure revealed by this study with analogue models produced for transtensional step-overs suggests that the Hazar Basin structure represents a highly evolved pull-apart basin, to the extent that the previous asperity has been bypassed by a linking fault. The absence of a step-over structure at the Hazar Basin means that no significant segmentation boundary is recognised on the East Anatolian Fault between Palu and Sincik. Therefore, this fault segment is capable of causing larger earthquakes than recognised previously. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent Behavior of the North Anatolian Fault: Insights from an Integrated Paleoseismological Dataset
Fraser, J.; Vanneste, K.; Hubert, Aurelia ULg

in Journal of Geophysical Research (2010), 115(B09316),

The North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is a right‐lateral plate boundary fault that arcs across northern Turkey for ∼1500 km. Almost the entire fault progressively ruptured in the 20th century, its cascading ... [more ▼]

The North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is a right‐lateral plate boundary fault that arcs across northern Turkey for ∼1500 km. Almost the entire fault progressively ruptured in the 20th century, its cascading style indicating that stress from one fault rupture triggers fault rupture of adjacent segments. Using published paleoseismic investigations, this study integrates all of the existing information about the timing of paleoearthquakes on the NAF. Paleoseismic investigation data are compiled into a database, and for each site a Bayesian, ordering‐constrained age model is constructed in a consistent framework. Spatial variability of recurrence intervals suggests a spatial pattern in the behavior of earthquakes on the NAF that may correspond to the tectonic provinces within the Anatolian plate. In the west, the shear stress associated with the escaping Anatolian plate interplays with the tensile stress associated with the Aegean extensional province. Along this western transtensional section we recognize short recurrence intervals and switching between the furcated fault strands. The central section of the NAF is translational with little influence of fault‐normal stresses from other tectonic sources. This section tends to rupture in unison or close succession. The eastern section of the NAF is transpressional due to the compressional fault‐normal stress associated with the indenting Arabian plate. Along this section the recurrence intervals are bimodal, which we attribute to variable normal stress, although there are other possible causes. [less ▲]

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See detailNo earthquake with characteristic slip on the North Anatolian Fault, Turkey
Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Fraser, J.; Drab, L. et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2009, April)

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See detailSeismic behavior of the 1943 segment of the North Anatolian Fault
Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Fraser, J. S.; Vanneste, K. et al

in TMMOB Jeoloji Mühendisleri Odasi (Ed.) 62nd Geological Kurultai of Turkey. Abstracts Book: 13-17 April, 2009‬ (2009, April)

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See detailA relict sedimentary record of 7 earthquakes between 600AD and 2000BC on the central North Anatolian Fault at Elmacik, near Osmancik, Turkey
Fraser, J.G.; Vanneste, K.; Hubert, Aurelia ULg

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2009, April)

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See detailLong Neogene kinematic history and late Quaternary order-of-magnitude acceleration of the south Tianshan foldbelt, Kuqa basin, China
Suppe, J; Wang, X; Hubert, Aurelia ULg

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2009, April), 11

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See detailPaleo-earthquake timing on the North Anatolian Fault: Where, when, and how sure are we?
Fraser, J; Vanneste, K.; Hubert, Aurelia ULg

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2009, April), 11

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See detailThe Earthquake Sedimentary record of The Lake Hazar along the East Anatolian Fault in Turkey
Boes, Xavier; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Garcia, David et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2009, April), 11

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See detailPaleolimnological and Sedimentological Traces of the 1943 (Ms=7.3) Earthquake in the sediments of Ladik Lake, Samsun/Turkey
Ulas, Avsar; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Fagel, Nathalie ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2009, April), 11(EGU2009-12641-1),

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See detailStructure of the East Anatolian Fault at the Hazar Basin, eastern Turkey
Garcia Moreno, David; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Moernaut, J et al

in Cahiers du Centre Européen de Géodynamique et de Séismologie (2009), 28

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See detailLarge earthquakes Cycles in Lake Sediments along the North Anatolian Fault, Turkey
Boës, X.; Moran, S. B.; King, J. et al

in Journal of Paleolimnology (2009), (10.1007/s10933-009-9376-x),

In 1999, the large surface-rupturing earth- quakes of Izmit and Duzce completed a 60-year cycle that included a westward migration of nine consecutive large earthquake failures ([50 km surface rupture ... [more ▼]

In 1999, the large surface-rupturing earth- quakes of Izmit and Duzce completed a 60-year cycle that included a westward migration of nine consecutive large earthquake failures ([50 km surface rupture), which started with the 1939 Erzincan earthquake in eastern Turkey. In this study, we focused on seismic cycles and seismic risk predictability along the North Anatolian Fault (NAF). Toward the west end of the NAF (26°E–32°E, i.e. Bolu), large earthquake fre- quency is measured from either historic earthquake catalogs, or geologic records from isolated outcrops and marine sediment cores from the Marmara Sea. In comparison, the eastern part of the NAF zone (32°E– 42°E) is less well documented by palaeo-seismologic archives. Thus, the sediment records of lake basins located on the eastern NAF zone constitute a unique opportunity for testing a new palaeo-seismologic approach. To this end, we used a diverse array of complementary methods involving: (1) a 600-km transect of fault-related lakes, (2) sedimentologic observations on cores from six lakes, and (3) a comparison between records of catastrophic sediment transfers in lakes (i.e. radionuclide chronomarkers and erosion tracers) and historic earthquake reports. Our study indicates that lakes along the NAF are sensitive geologic recorders of large surface-rupturing earth- quakes (surface-wave magnitude (Ms) C 6.9); smaller intensities are not recorded. The most responsive lake systems exhibit increases in sediment accumulation by a factor of [40 for a [3-m strike-slip displacement (Ms C 7). However, based on results from the 1939 Erzincan earthquake (Ms = 7.8) chronostratigraphic marker, large surface-rupturing earthquakes are detected only by certain lake records and not by others. Matching multiple lake records along the NAF pro- vides information both on the location of a surface rupture of a paleo-earthquake as well as its magnitude. Finally, the shallow lake basins along the NAF could potentially document cycles of large seismic events for at least the late Holocene. [less ▲]

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See detailA 3000-year record of ground rupturing earthquakes along the central North Anatolian Fault near Lake Ladik, Turkey
Fraser, I.; Pigati, J. S.; Hubert, Aurelia ULg et al

in Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (2009), 99(10.1785/0120080024), 2681-2703

The North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is a ~1500-km-long, arcuate, dextral strike-slip fault zone in northern Turkey that extends from the Karliova triple junction to the Aegean Sea. East of Bolu, the fault ... [more ▼]

The North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is a ~1500-km-long, arcuate, dextral strike-slip fault zone in northern Turkey that extends from the Karliova triple junction to the Aegean Sea. East of Bolu, the fault zone exhibits evidence of a sequence of large (Mw>7) earthquakes that occurred during the 20th century that displayed a migrating earthquake sequence from east to west. Prolonged human occupation in this region provides an extensive, but not exhaustive, historical record of large earthquakes prior to the 20th century that covers much of the last 2000 years. In this study, we extend our knowledge of rupture events in the region by evaluating the stratigraphy and chronology of sediments exposed in a paleoseismic trench across a splay of the NAF at Destek, ~6.5 km east of Lake Ladik (40.868°N, 36.121°E). The trenched fault strand forms an uphill-facing scarp and associated sediment trap below a small catchment. The trench exposed a narrow fault zone that has juxtaposed a sequence of weakly-defined paleosols interbedded with colluvium against highly-fractured bedrock. We mapped magnetic susceptibility variations on the trench walls and found evidence for multiple visually unrecognized colluvial wedges. This technique was also used to constrain a predominantly dip-slip style of displacement on this fault splay. Sediments exposed in the trench were dated using both charcoal and terrestrial gastropod shells to constrain the timing of the earthquake events. While the gastropod shells consistently yielded 14C-ages that were too old (by ~900 years), we obtained highly reliable 14C-ages from the charcoal by dating multiple components of the sample material. Our radiocarbon chronology constrains the timing of seven large earthquakes over the past 3000 years prior to the 1943 Ladik earthquake, including event ages (including 2 sigma error):1437-1788AD, 1034-1321AD, 549-719AD, 17-585AD (1-3 events), 351BC-28AD, 700-392BC, 912-596BC. Our results indicate an average inter-event time of 385±166yrs (1 sigma) [less ▲]

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See detailSedimentological fingerprints of recent earthquakes in lake sediments: A case study on the North Anatolian Fault (NAF), Turkey
Avsar, Ulas; Boes, X; Hubert, Aurelia ULg et al

in EOS : Transactions, American Geophysical Union (2008, December), 89(53)(Fall Meet. Suppl.), 21-1919

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See detailLake Hazar: a potential high-resolution 150 ka record of climate and tectonic interactions in Anatolia.
Boes, Xavier; Garcia, D; Avsar, U et al

in EOS : Transactions, American Geophysical Union (2008, December), 89(53)(Fall Meet. Suppl.), 21-1942

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)