References of "Heinrichs, Benoît"
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See detailXPS structural characterization of Pd/SiO2 catalysts prepared by cogelation
Beketov, Gennadiy; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Applied Surface Science (2013), 287

Nanostructured Pd/SiO2xerogel catalysts prepared via cogelation were characterized by X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy. The preparation route allowed highly porous silica particles to be formed alongwith ... [more ▼]

Nanostructured Pd/SiO2xerogel catalysts prepared via cogelation were characterized by X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy. The preparation route allowed highly porous silica particles to be formed alongwith embedded Pd nanocrystals. After heat-treating the catalysts in vacuum, Pd was found to be in themetallic state. To obtain information on the xerogel catalyst texture and, in particular, on the size of thesilica particles, a theoretical formalism was developed based on measuring the relative intensities of Pd 3ddoublet and the associated background tail due to inelastically scattered photoelectrons. The suggestedprocedure also involved the measurement of the background tails accompanying Si 2p and O 1s spectrallines as internal standards. Using the developed formalism, the size of the silica particles in the catalystsafter different treatments was evaluated and compared with TEM data. The results obtained indicate thatthe textural properties of the sol–gel catalysts start to develop already at the level of co-condensation ofalkoxides with the network-forming reagent. Calcination causes these properties to run to completion. [less ▲]

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See detailDegradation of p-nitrophenol and bacteria with TiO2 xerogels sensitized in situ with tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrins
Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg; Eskenazi, David ULg et al

in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A : Chemistry (2013), 272

TiO2-based materials doped with porphyrins have been prepared using a sol-gel process. To stabilize the TiO2-dye interactions, free metal tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin and nickel tetra(4-carboxyphenyl ... [more ▼]

TiO2-based materials doped with porphyrins have been prepared using a sol-gel process. To stabilize the TiO2-dye interactions, free metal tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin and nickel tetra(4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin were introduced in situ into the TiO2 matrix during the sol-gel process rather than by grafting. Samples were thoroughly characterized by TEM, X-ray diffraction, FT-IR, DR-UV/vis and their texture has been examined by nitrogen adsorption-desorption at 77 K. The low thermal treatment allows obtaining anatase-TiO2 particles with high specific surface area without porphyrin degradation. A significant improvement of the photoactivity under visible light of porphyrin doped-TiO2 xerogels was observed for p-nitrophenol and for bacterial degradation. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPhotocatalytic degradation of phenol and benzoic acid using zinc oxide powders prepared by the sol-gel process
Benhebal, Hadj; Chaib, Messaoud; Salmon, Thierry ULg et al

in Alexandria Engineering Journal (2013), 52(3), 517-523

Photocatalytic degradation of phenol and benzoic acid in aqueous solution was studied using zinc oxide (ZnO) powder synthesized by sol–gel process. Synthesized catalyst was characterized by X-ray ... [more ▼]

Photocatalytic degradation of phenol and benzoic acid in aqueous solution was studied using zinc oxide (ZnO) powder synthesized by sol–gel process. Synthesized catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area, pHpzc, and the band gap of the catalyst samples were also measured. The influence of various key parameters such as amount of photocatalyst, initial solution pH, and the initial concentration of phenol and benzoic acid was investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailPhotocatalytic degradation of phenol and benzoic acid using zinc oxide powders prepared by the sol-gel process
Benhebal, Hadj; Chaib, Messaoud; Salmon, Thierry ULg et al

in Alexandria Engineering Journal (2013), 52(3), 517-523

Photocatalytic degradation of phenol and benzoic acid in aqueous solution was studied using zinc oxide (ZnO) powder synthesized by sol–gel process. Synthesized catalyst was characterized by X-ray ... [more ▼]

Photocatalytic degradation of phenol and benzoic acid in aqueous solution was studied using zinc oxide (ZnO) powder synthesized by sol–gel process. Synthesized catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area, pHpzc, and the band gap of the catalyst samples were also measured. The influence of various key parameters such as amount of photocatalyst, initial solution pH, and the initial concentration of phenol and benzoic acid was investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of Highly Active doped Titania Photocatalysts by Aqueous Sol-Gel Processing
Malengreaux, Charline ULg; Douven, Sigrid ULg; Poelman, Dirk et al

Poster (2012, December)

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See detailEpuration catalytique de biogaz
Claude, Vincent ULg; Toye, Dominique ULg; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg et al

Poster (2012, November 08)

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See detailDevelopment of Highly Active doped Titania Photocatalysts by Aqueous Sol-Gel Processing
Malengreaux, Charline ULg; Douven, Sigrid ULg; Poelman, Dirk et al

Poster (2012, November)

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See detailInvestigation of nanoparticles as potential activators for the optimization of PAH biodegradation
Masy, Thibaut ULg; Wannoussa, Wissal ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg et al

Poster (2012, April 10)

These last decades, through the industrial development and its imperfect waste management, the contamination by hydrocarbons in water and soils has led to a progressive deterioration of environmental ... [more ▼]

These last decades, through the industrial development and its imperfect waste management, the contamination by hydrocarbons in water and soils has led to a progressive deterioration of environmental quality, which is more and more considered nowadays. Amongst all the existing cleaning-up techniques, the bioremediation appears as the best compromise between treatment costs and effectiveness. However, this bioprocess remains time-consuming, especially for persistent pollutants as PAHs (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons). A first way to improve the biodegradation consists in adding a consortium of efficient microorganisms in the polluted area (bioaugmentation). A further way to improve the bioremediation rate is based on the use of nutrients to assist the microbial metabolism (biostimulation). Our project gathers these two methods, specifically for the PAH biodegradation of polluted soils. Firstly, different suitable strains from our lab will be compared together in terms of PAH-degrading rate, in order to select the best microorganisms. As all these strains were selected from a long-term oil-polluted dried soil, they should be able to compete against the endogenous microflora, even if they are injected in the soil in a powdered starter. Secondly, trace elements in the nanoparticulate form, with concentrations of about 10-5M, will be added to catalyze the bacterial metabolism. First results already showed a sharp increase (2 to 3 fold) in the biodegradation kinetics, which is promising for the further scaling-up stages. In addition, this PhD project attempts to understand the mechanism of interaction between bacteria and nanoparticulate catalysts. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution au développement d’un procédé industriel de revêtement d’acier
Amoura, Makhlouf; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg

Report (2012)

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See detailSol-gel preparation of pure and doped TiO2 films for the photocatalytic oxidation of ethanol in air
Cimieri, Iolanda; Poelman, Hilde; Avci, Nursen et al

in Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology (2012), 63

Stable sols of TiO2 were synthesized by a non-aqueous sol-gel process using titanium (IV) isopropoxide (TTIP) as precursor. The microstructure, optical and morphological properties of the films obtained ... [more ▼]

Stable sols of TiO2 were synthesized by a non-aqueous sol-gel process using titanium (IV) isopropoxide (TTIP) as precursor. The microstructure, optical and morphological properties of the films obtained by spin-coating from the sol, and annealed at different temperatures, were investigated using SEM, TEM, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and ellipsometry. The crystalline structure of the films was characterized by X-ray diffraction and their photocatalytic activity was evaluated for the oxidation of ethanol in air. The influence of the calcination temperature, pre-heat treatment and the number of layers was studied. Simultaneous thermo-gravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA) measurements were carried out to ascertain the thermal decomposition behavior of the precursors. In order to obtain a higher photoresponse in the visible region, a series of vanadium-, niobium- and tantalum-doped TiO2 catalysts was synthesized by the same sol-gel method. For V doping two different precursors, a vanadium alkoxide and V2O5, were used. The effect on the crystallization and photocatalytic activity of the doped TiO2 films was investigated. Furthermore, to identify the effective composition of the samples, they were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and the surface area of the powders was measured by N2 adsorption. The 10wt.% doped catalysts exhibit high photocatalytic activity under visible light and among them the best performance was obtained for the sample containing Ta as dopant. The crystallite sizes are closely related to the photocatalytic activity. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimized deposition of TiO2 thin films produced by a non-aqueous sol-gel method and quantification of their photocatalytic activity
Malengreaux, Charline ULg; Timmermans, Adrien; Pirard, Sophie ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Journal (2012), 195-196

TiO2 thin films have been produced by a dip-coating process using a non-aqueous sol-gel method. This study investigated the influence of the operating variables such as nature of the substrate, sol ... [more ▼]

TiO2 thin films have been produced by a dip-coating process using a non-aqueous sol-gel method. This study investigated the influence of the operating variables such as nature of the substrate, sol concentration, withdrawing speed of the dip-coater and number of layers on the physico-chemical properties of the films using XRD, GIXRD, UV-Vis spectroscopy, profilometry, spectroscopic ellipsometry and SEM. Photocatalytic activity of the films was evaluated by following the degradation of methylene blue under artificial UV light at 25°C. The performances of the catalysts were compared through the reaction rate constants determined using an apparent first-order kinetic model adjusted on the experimental data. This study showed that the photocatalytic activity and the reaction rate constant depend on the film thickness through the synthesis and dipping variable, with an optimum thickness of 80 nm being observed. An optimized transparent film exhibiting a high adhesion, a well crystallized TiO2-anatase phase, a good photocatalytic activity and a reaction rate constant k equal to 0.126 h-1 was obtained using a simple process. The specific photocatalytic activity of this film was higher to the one measured for TiO2 powders in previous works. [less ▲]

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See detailKinetic study of p-nitrophenol photodegradation with modified TiO2 xerogels
Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg; Pirard, Sophie ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Journal (2012), 191

TiO2 xerogels were sensitized in one step by the in situ introduction of nickel (II) tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TCPPNi) into the TiO2 matrix during sol–gel synthesis. Crystalline photoactive phase ... [more ▼]

TiO2 xerogels were sensitized in one step by the in situ introduction of nickel (II) tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TCPPNi) into the TiO2 matrix during sol–gel synthesis. Crystalline photoactive phase TiO2-anatase was obtained without high thermal treatments and was determined by X-ray diffraction. The presence of TCPPNi in TiO2 xerogels was established by DR-UV/Vis and FT-IR spectroscopy. The introduction of porphyrin led to a diminution of the specific surface area of TiO2 xerogels, and this diminution was analyzed by nitrogen adsorption–desorption. The particle size was estimated by SEM. The xerogel surface charge state, which influences the interactions between pollutant and TiO2, was determined by measurement of the point of zero charge. The photoactivity of xerogels was evaluated for p-nitrophenol degradation in aqueous medium at 20 ◦C. Results showed that porphyrin doped TiO2 degraded more than 40% of the p-nitrophenol whereas non doped TiO2 xerogel degraded only 10% of the compound. Moreover, porphyrin was found to improve the photoactivity of TiO2 xerogels in a similar way to UV-A pretreatment. A kinetic study of p-nitrophenol degradation was then performed. Results showed that one type of active site corresponding to the hole of electron–hole pairs was created at the TiO2 surface by light and that the rate determining step was the reaction between the adsorbed p-nitrophenol molecule and the adsorbed OH• radical. The apparent activation energy was found to be equal to 12 kJ mol−1. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanisms of photocatalysis in TiO2 thin films for air purification
Poelman, Dirk; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg

Report (2012)

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