References of "Heinrichs, Benoît"
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See detailP-doped titania xerogels as efficient UV-visible photocatalysts
Bodson, Céline ULg; Pirard, Sophie ULg; PIRARD, Arlette ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (2014), 2

In the present study, sol-gel process is used to synthesize P-doped TiO2 xerogels by the cogelation method of a functionalized P alkoxide, (NH2-(CH2)2-NH-(CH2)2-P(O)-(OC2H5)2) with Ti(OC3H7)4 in either 2 ... [more ▼]

In the present study, sol-gel process is used to synthesize P-doped TiO2 xerogels by the cogelation method of a functionalized P alkoxide, (NH2-(CH2)2-NH-(CH2)2-P(O)-(OC2H5)2) with Ti(OC3H7)4 in either 2-methoxyethanol or isopropanol. The phosphorus-doping improved the thermal stability of titania and decreased the phase transformation of anatase into rutile. This modification by phosphorus shifted the absorption edge of titania to the visible region as proved by Diffuse reflectance measurements, and thus offers the possibility to produce visible light effective TiO2 photocatalyst. The excellent photocatalytic activity of P-doped TiO2 xerogels compared to pure TiO2 could be explained by its high surface area and small TiO2-anatase crystallite size. From these results, it was proved by using three different models that phosphorus intrinsically influences the photocatalytic activity. [less ▲]

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See detailPhotocatalytic degradation of water pollutants with visible light-sensitized TiO2 xerogels
Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg; Pirard, Sophie ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés (2014), 106

To extend its photocatalytic activity to visible light, TiO2 has been doped in situ through the cogelation sol-gel proces with two dyes : free metal tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin and nickel tetra(4 ... [more ▼]

To extend its photocatalytic activity to visible light, TiO2 has been doped in situ through the cogelation sol-gel proces with two dyes : free metal tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin and nickel tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin. DR and FT-IR spectroscopies have been performed to determine the interaction between porphyrins and TiO2. Cristallinity and specific surface area have been measured by XRD and N2 adsorption. The photoactivity of the doped TiO2 xerogels has been evaluated for p-nitrophenol (a model water pollutant) degradation under visible light and a kinetic study has been performed. The samples allow the degradation of 40% of p-nitrophenol in 6 h which makes them very promising for water decontamination under natural light. A kinetic study of p-nitrophenol degradation with the Ni-doped catalyst has shown that the best kinetic model involves one type of active site corresponding to the hole h+ of electron-hole pairs created at the TiO2 surface by light. The rate determining step consists of the surface reaction between adsorbed p-nitrophenol and adsorbed OH• radicals. [less ▲]

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See detailKinetic study of 4-nitrophenol photocatalytic degradation over a Zn2+ doped TiO2 catalyst prepared through an environmentally friendly aqueous sol–gel process
Malengreaux, Charline ULg; Pirard, Sophie ULg; Bartlett, John et al

in Chemical Engineering Journal (2014), 245

A kinetic study of the photocatalytic degradation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) under UV–visible light (330 nm < k < 800 nm) has been performed via a rigorous chemical engineering approach over a Zn2+ doped ... [more ▼]

A kinetic study of the photocatalytic degradation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) under UV–visible light (330 nm < k < 800 nm) has been performed via a rigorous chemical engineering approach over a Zn2+ doped TiO2 catalyst prepared through an environmentally friendly aqueous sol–gel process. The experiments have been performed at three temperatures to enable the global activation energy to be estimated. The influence of the illumination intensity has also been considered. The possibility of internal and external diffusion limitations has been studied and the results obtained demonstrated that there is no diffusional limitation during the photocatalytic degradation of the 4-NP using the selected catalyst. Therefore, the apparent specific reaction rate measured corresponds to the actual reaction rate of the chemical reaction. Parameter adjustments show that the kinetic model that provides the best fit to the experimental data corresponds to a first order reaction. A sequence of elementary steps has been considered and a pseudo-steady state approach based upon the stationary state hypothesis for reaction intermediates has been applied to obtain a kinetic rate expression in agreement with the experimental data. The mean values of the reaction rate constant found at 283 K, 288 K and 293 K are respectively equal to k1 = 0.094 ± 0.003 m3 h- 1 kgcatalyst- 1; k2 = 0.119 ± 0.004 m3 h- 1 kgcatalyst- 1 and k3 = 0.150 ± 0.023 m3 h- 1 kg catalyst-1 and the global activation energy of the degradation reaction was evaluated as 40 kJ mol-1. A phenomenological kinetic mechanism is proposed to describe the reaction at a molecular scale. Finally, statistical validations and residuals analysis have been performed to confirm that the first order model is suitable to represent the 4-NP photocatalytic degradation over time. Such studies are essential to design a reactor for water pollutant degradation on an industrial scale. [less ▲]

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See detailComment dépolluer des eaux usées grâce à la lumière du soleil ?
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg

Learning material (2014)

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See detailVisible-light photo-activity of alkali metal doped ZnO
Benhebal, Hadj; Chaib, Messaoud; Malengreaux, Charline ULg et al

in Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers (2014), 45(1), 249-253

In order to utilize visible light more efficiently in the field of photocatalysis, Li, Na and K-doped ZnO nanoparticles were prepared using a sol–gel method. The obtained samples were characterized by BET ... [more ▼]

In order to utilize visible light more efficiently in the field of photocatalysis, Li, Na and K-doped ZnO nanoparticles were prepared using a sol–gel method. The obtained samples were characterized by BET surface area measurements, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and UV–vis analysis. The photocatalytic activity of the photocatalysts was evaluated for the degradation of p-nitrophenol (p-NP) under visible light irradiation. It has been observed that these photocatalysts could be a promising photocatalyst for degradation of organic molecules as compared to transition metal doped ZnO under visible light. Li-doped ZnO is the most active photocatalyst and shows high photocatalytic activity for the degradation of p-nitrophenol (p-NP). The enhanced photocatalytic activity of Li-doped ZnO is mainly due to the electron trapping by lithium metal ions, small particle size, large surface area, and high surface roughness of the photocatalysts. [less ▲]

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See detailEnhancement of thermophillic anaerobic digestion of methane by metal nanoparticles encapsulated in porous silica
Al-Ahmad, Alaa Eddin ULg; Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg et al

Poster (2013, December 05)

Increased demand and progressive depletion of fossil fuels, and worldwide concerns about greenhouse gas emissions have resulted in the development of promising technologies for renewable energy production ... [more ▼]

Increased demand and progressive depletion of fossil fuels, and worldwide concerns about greenhouse gas emissions have resulted in the development of promising technologies for renewable energy production. Therefore, potential alternatives for energy generation are intensively studied. One option is the use of biomass feedstock for the production of biogas through anaerobic digestion. This process is a biochemical technological process for the treatment of a wide range of feedstocks (e.g. organic fraction of municipal waste, animal manure and slurry, agricultural crops, etc.) to produce methane-rich biogas which can be used in replacement of fossil fuels in both heat and power generation and as a vehicle fuel. However, there are critical issues, which need to be addressed to make the production of bio-methane techno-economically viable and ecologically acceptable. One of the most important issues is the effect of trace metals addition on anaerobic digestion. These metals can be stimulatory, inhibitory, or even toxic for biochemical reactions, depending on their concentrations. As reported in literature, Ni, Co and Fe are all involved in the methane production biochemical process and serve as cofactors in enzymes which are involved in the biochemistry of methane formation (Zandvoort et al., 2006). Recently, enormous interest has been focused on biological applications of metal nanoparticles NPs due to their small size, high specified surface and their great potential in application to many science fields. The most studied process concerns zero valent palladium and iron NPs improving anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated hydrocarbons (Windt et al., 2005). Moreover, investigation carried out in our lab showed that iron NPs encapsulated in silicate matrix may enhance hydrogen production by Clostridium butyricum (Beckers et al., 2013). Nevertheless the influences of metal NPs on methane producing anaerobic digestion have seldom been investigated. The present work investigates the enhancement effect of seven different metal NPs on methane production during the thermophilic anaerobic digestion. NPs of Cu, Pd, Pt, Ni, Co, Ag and Fe encapsulated in porous silica (SiO2) to prevent their coagulation and agglomeration, were added at concentration of 10-5mol/L in batch test (125ml serum bottles containing 70mL culture medium with 5g/L acetate monohydrate as the sole carbon substrate. Nickel, cobalt and iron NPs improved methane production from acetate. To confirm the previous results, the NPs were tested at different concentrations (10-4, 10-5, and 10-6 mol/L) with starch and glucose substrates. The results show that the impact increases with the increase of NPs concentrations up to 10-4 mol/L. The modified Gompertz equation was applied to describe the effect of NPs on anaerobic digestion. According to this model, the kinetic of methane production was particularly affected by nanoparticles addition. The values of the maximum methane production rate MPR (ml/day) was significantly higher 72.5% with nickel NPs at a concentration of 10-4 mol/L than the control without NPs. [less ▲]

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See detailDes surfaces fonctionnalisées : la solution par voie liquide
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg

Scientific conference (2013, November 29)

Créer à la surface d’un matériau un film antistatique, antibactérien, autonettoyant ou « easy to clean », un film capable d’épurer l’air ou l’eau. Produire une microbatterie de quelques microns ... [more ▼]

Créer à la surface d’un matériau un film antistatique, antibactérien, autonettoyant ou « easy to clean », un film capable d’épurer l’air ou l’eau. Produire une microbatterie de quelques microns d’épaisseur sur un support. Protéger une surface contre la corrosion. Transférer les propriétés d’une poudre à une surface. Immobiliser un catalyseur sur une surface. … L’industrie est aujourd’hui à la recherche de solutions innovantes pour produire des surfaces fonctionnalisées conférant des propriétés spécifiques et une haute valeur ajoutée aux matériaux et dispositifs qu’elle produit. Focus sur les procédés de dépôt de films par voie liquide, une alternative séduisante aux procédés sous vide. [less ▲]

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See detailEpuration catalytique de biogaz
Claude, Vincent ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg et al

Poster (2013, November 15)

The poster presents the recent observations concerning the of Ni-Al2O3 catalysts synthesized in 2013. Particles size, surface areas and crystallinity of the samples are controlled thanks to the initial ... [more ▼]

The poster presents the recent observations concerning the of Ni-Al2O3 catalysts synthesized in 2013. Particles size, surface areas and crystallinity of the samples are controlled thanks to the initial reactives (surfactants, EDAS). [less ▲]

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See detailNi/Al2O3 xerogel catalysts for biogas cleaning
Claude, Vincent ULg; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg

Poster (2013, August 29)

This poster summarize the firsts results of the PhD project started on October 2012 about the catalytic purification of biogas. The aim of this project consists in the development of Ni/Al2O3 catalyst in ... [more ▼]

This poster summarize the firsts results of the PhD project started on October 2012 about the catalytic purification of biogas. The aim of this project consists in the development of Ni/Al2O3 catalyst in order to reform the tars present in the outlet gas of biomass gasifier. In order to obtain catalysts with high performance and lifetime, materials need to have optimized specific surface and metal particle dispersion. This poster investigate the effect of different surfactants (Pluronic P123; F127; stéarique acide, EDAS) on the materials properties. [less ▲]

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