References of "Heinrichs, Benoît"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailPd-Ag/SiO2 and Pd-Cu/SiO2 cogelled xerogel catalysts for selective hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane into ethylene
Lambert, Stéphanie ULg; Ferauche, Fabrice; Brasseur, Alain et al

Conference (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailImprovement of metal dispersion in Pd/SiO2 cogelled xerogel catalysts
Lambert, Stéphanie ULg; Polard, Jean-François; Ferauche, Fabrice et al

Poster (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPalladium-silver sol-gel catalysts for selective hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane into ethylene - IV. Deactivation mechanism and regeneration
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Noville, Francis ULg; Schoebrechts, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Journal of Catalysis (2003), 220(1), 215-225

The activity and selectivity of a 1.9% Pd-3.7% Ag/SiO2 catalyst during selective hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane into ethylene have been followed in the course of time. The deactivation curves ... [more ▼]

The activity and selectivity of a 1.9% Pd-3.7% Ag/SiO2 catalyst during selective hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane into ethylene have been followed in the course of time. The deactivation curves show two distinct periods: an initial period at the very beginning of catalyst operation, that is, during the first 20 operating hours, characterized by a sharp decrease of the rates of both reactions involved in the process (1,2-dichloroethane hydrodechlorination and undesired ethylene hydrogenation) and a second period, after the first 20 operating hours and investigated for more than 600 h, characterized by a clearly slower deactivation. During the initial period, the hydrodechlorination rate decreases less quickly than the hydrogenation rate and this results in a fast increase of ethylene selectivity which reaches a maximum at the end of this period. After the initial period, the hydrodechlorination rate decreases faster than the hydrogenation rate and this results in a slow decrease of ethylene selectivity. A comparison between the physico-chemical properties of the fresh catalyst and of the deactivated one suggests a deactivation mechanism by poisoning or coking of silver sites at the surface of the active Pd-Ag alloy particles whereas palladium sites would remain intact. The selectivity evolution during the second period, that is, after the very first operating hours, is in agreement with such a mechanism. However, the sharp ethylene selectivity increase during the initial operating hours suggests, in addition to the deactivation by silver sites disappearance, the presence of a further nonidentified phenomenon. The characterization of the catalyst after a regeneration treatment including an oxidation step followed by a reduction step shows that this treatment allows restoration near to the physico-chemical properties of the fresh catalyst. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNucleation phenomenon in silica xerogels and Pd/SiO2, Ag/SiO2, Cu/SiO2 cogelled catalysts
Alié, Christelle ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg et al

in Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology (2003), 26(1-3), 827-830

Pd/SiO2, Ag/SiO2 and Cu/SiO2 xerogel catalysts have been synthesized by cogelation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and chelates of Pd, Ag and Cu with 3-(2-aminoethylamino) propyltrimethoxysilane (EDAS). It ... [more ▼]

Pd/SiO2, Ag/SiO2 and Cu/SiO2 xerogel catalysts have been synthesized by cogelation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and chelates of Pd, Ag and Cu with 3-(2-aminoethylamino) propyltrimethoxysilane (EDAS). It appears that, in cogelled samples, the metal complex acts as a nucleation agent in the formation of silica particles. The resulting catalysts are then composed of completely accessible metallic crystallites with a diameter of about 3 nm located inside silica porous particles with a monodisperse microporous distribution. Xerogels without metal synthesized with EDAS and TEOS (C. Alie, R. Pirard, A. J. Lecloux, and J.-P. Pirard, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 289, 88 (2001)) verify this hypothesis of nucleation by EDAS. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (13 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpectroscopic characterisation of Pd/SiO2 sol-gel prepared catalysts
Beketov, Gennadiy; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg et al

Poster (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFe/SiO2 sol-gel catalysts synthesised from various iron complexes for N2O decomposition and C3H6 oxidation by N2O
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Maxim, Nicolae; Abbenhuis, Hendrikus C L et al

Poster (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPreparation and characterization of xerogel catalyst microspheres
Alié, Christelle ULg; Ferauche, Fabrice; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg et al

Conference (2003)

For easier handling and use in fixed bed reactors, Pd-Ag/SiO2 aerogel-like xerogel catalysts were shaped into microspheres using the microencapsulation process developed by BRACE GmbH. Before the bead ... [more ▼]

For easier handling and use in fixed bed reactors, Pd-Ag/SiO2 aerogel-like xerogel catalysts were shaped into microspheres using the microencapsulation process developed by BRACE GmbH. Before the bead production process, the xerogel catalyst was ground in water and mixed with ethylene glycol and sodium alginate, the latter of which is the gelation agent. The beads were formed at a vibrating nozzle and solidified during their fall in a water tank containing calcium ions, which induce cross-linking of the alginate and consequent bead hardening. Preliminary work was done using a syringe instead of the material-consuming BRACE unit. The beads were made from a suspension of dried only, dried and calcined, or dried, calcined, and reduced catalyst. The textural properties of the beads were analyzed by nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms and mercury porosimetry; and bead catalytic activity was tested for selective hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane. The beads made from a suspension of dried catalyst appear to have properties the closest to that of the xerogel reference catalyst. Porosity and surface area are maintained at their level before bead formation. However conversion of 1,2-dichloroethane decreases after the production process, possibly due to poisoning by calcium ions. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg)
See detailPd-Ag/SiO2 sol-gel catalysts for selective hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane into ethylene
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg

Scientific conference (2002, December 03)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAg/SiO2 and Cu/SiO2 cogelled xerogel catalysts for benzene combustion and 2-butanol dehydrogenation
Lambert, Stéphanie ULg; Tcherkassova, Natalia; Cellier, Caroline et al

in CD-ROM of full texts of the 15th International Congress on Chemical and Process Engineering, CHISA 2002 (Paper P1.24, 9 p.) (2002, August 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (12 ULg)