References of "Haubruge, Eric"
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See detailIntraguild interactions of aphidophagous predators in fields: effect of Coccinella septempunctata and Episyrphus balteatus occurrence on aphid infested plants.
Alhmedi, Ammar; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2007), 72(3), 381-90

Intraguild relations between beneficial insects have become a major research topic in biological pest control. In order to understand the intraguild competitions between aphidophagous populations in ... [more ▼]

Intraguild relations between beneficial insects have become a major research topic in biological pest control. In order to understand the intraguild competitions between aphidophagous populations in natural conditions, a field experiment was carried out in the experimental farm of the Gembloux Agricultural University. As biological control of pests involve a community of diverse natural enemies, this experiment firstly aimed to assess the aphidophagous predator diversity and abundance in green pea (Pisum sativum) field and secondly to investigate the impact of the large natural occurrence of C. septempunctata on the aphidophagous beneficial dispersion and efficiency as aphid biological control agents in pea field. Visual observations were weekly performed throughout the 2006 growing season. The pea aphids were attacked by several predatory groups, mainly ladybird beetles and hoverflies. Higher densities of ladybirds and hoverflies were recorded in the beginning of July, associated with an aphid occurrence peak. Using net cage system in the field, the particular intraguild relations between added C. septempunctata or E. balteatus and the natural beneficial arrivals and dispersion were observed. The E. batteatus (eggs and larvae) presence inhibited other aphidophagous predators presence on the aphid infested plants. Lower abundance of E. balteatus was observed on aphid infested plants already colonised by C. septempunctata. To explore more accurately the oviposition and predation behaviours of ladybirds and hoverflies and to determine the chemical factors that could influence these behaviours, current researches are performed in laboratory and will be discussed to promote efficient biological control of aphids by natural enemies. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of a fungal lectin from Xerocomus chrysenteron (XCL) on the biological parameters of aphids.
Jaber, Karimi; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Paquereau, Laurent et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2007), 72(3), 629-38

Aphids are important pests of crop plants in Europe. Increasing resistance of aphids to insecticides and their side effects on the environment and non target organism's including human's stimulated ... [more ▼]

Aphids are important pests of crop plants in Europe. Increasing resistance of aphids to insecticides and their side effects on the environment and non target organism's including human's stimulated research on alterative methods of aphid control, including the use of entomotoxic proteins. Lectins are carbohydrate binding proteins that are widely distributed in nature; they have been isolated from microorganisms, fungi, plants and animals. Several of these proteins were tested for their potential biocide effect on plenty of pests. A fungal lectin, namely Xerocomus Chrysenteron lectin (XCL) was previously purified and was shown to be toxic for several pests including aphids. XCL was clearly the most toxic lectin against M. persicae. In this work, bioassays using artificial diets incorporating a broad range of XCL concentrations (from 10 microg x ml(-1) to 5000 microg x ml(-1)) were developed to assess the negative effects of XCL on the biological parameters (development duration, weight and fecundity) of M. persicae a polyphagous aphid found on more than 400 host plant species and transmitting more than 100 viral diseases. A significant mortality of aphids was observed, corresponding to the LC50 and LC90 of 0, 46 and 6, 02 mg/ml respectively after 24hrs. Significant differences of M. persicae weight, development duration and fecundity (P < 0.05) was observed between the tested XCL concentrations. Conavalia ensifomris lectin (ConA) was included as lectin reference on the bioassay experiments and was shown to be less toxic and induced lower negative changes in M. persicae biological parameters when compared with XCL. [less ▲]

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See detailAphidophagous Guilds On Nettle (Urtica Dioica) Strips Close To Fields Of Green Pea, Rape And Wheat
Alhmedi, A.; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Insect Science (2007), 14(5), 419-424

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See detailElectrophysiological And Behavioral Activity Of Secondary Metabolites In The Confused Flour Beetle, Tribolium Confusum
Verheggen, François ULg; Ryne, C.; Olsson, P.-O. C. et al

in Journal of Chemical Ecology (2007), 33(3), 525-539

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See detailDépérissement de nos abeilles?
Nguyen, Bach Kim ULg; Widart, Joëlle ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

Article for general public (2007)

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See detailHow does the age of hoverfly females affect their reproduction?
Almohamad, Raki; Verheggen, François ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2007), 72(3),

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See detailÉvaluation de la diversité des pucerons et de leurs ennemies en grandes cultures à proximité de parcelles d’orties
Alhmedi, Ammar; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Notes Fauniques de Gembloux (2007), 60

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See detailMolecular cloning and functional expression of a new aphid isoprenyl diphosphate synthase
Vandermoten, Sophie ULg; Beliveau, Catherine; Sen, Stephanie et al

Poster (2006, December 18)

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See detailMolecular cloning and functional expression of a new aphid isoprenyl diphosphate synthase
Vandermoten, Sophie ULg; Beliveau, C.; Sen, S. et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (2006, December), 190

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See detailIdentification of a new aphid isoprenyl diphosphate synthase
Vandermoten, Sophie ULg; Beliveau, Catherine; Sen, Stéphanie et al

Conference (2006, November)

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See detailIsolation of insecticidal proteins within the pea seeds (Pisum sativum L.)
Cuartero Diaz, Gaëtan; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

Poster (2006, October)

Consequently with the pressure exerted by chemical pesticides on environment, and the awakening of politics, the demand for bio-pesticides is increasing. Nevertheless, supply is not sufficient, and ... [more ▼]

Consequently with the pressure exerted by chemical pesticides on environment, and the awakening of politics, the demand for bio-pesticides is increasing. Nevertheless, supply is not sufficient, and moreover those products are not competing enough. In this context, the aim of this research is to set up a biological insecticide, which is economic, with vegetal proteins resulting from alimentary industry, here the pea, Pisum sativum L.. A group of proteins, which is quite easy to highlight, is present in relatively important proportions (2%) in pea seeds, it’s the lectins class. Insecticidal effects of lectins from different organisms have already been proved. Indeed, by binding to membrane glycosyl groups of digestive tract cells, lectins can be very toxic for a lot of insects. Thus initially we focus our investigations on Pisum sativum lectins (PSL). First, PSL have been localised within the industrial process among different extraction juices. Then, a chromatography has been performed on the selected juice with FPLC technology. Although the matrix used for this chromatography, sephadex G75, is a banal bed for gel filtration, it is in this case a real combination between classical gel filtration and affinity chromatography. Indeed due the particular properties of lectins, they fixed carbonyl group of the bed and have to be eluted after the filtration part with a solution of glucose. Then the collected fractions corresponding to UV-peaks on the chromatogram were separated by electrophoresis 2D and identified by mass spectrometry (ESI MS/MS) coupled with data bank investigations. Secondly bioassays using artificial diets have been developed on Myzus persicae in the aim to study the aphicid effects of theses fractions with rm and LC50.These estimators show significant mortality rates but also change in the fecundity and in the development of nymph. [less ▲]

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See detailActivité biologique de la sève phloémique du palmier dattier Phoenix dactylifera L.
Ben Thabet, Imène; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2006, May)

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See detailCharacterization and tissue-specific expression of two lepidopteran farnesyl diphosphate synthase homologs: Implications for the biosynthesis of ethyl-substituted juvenile hormones
Cusson, M.; Beliveau, C.; Sen, Se. et al

in Proteins-Structure Function and Bioinformatics (2006), 65(3), 742758

The sesquiterpenoid juvenile hormone (JH) regulates insect development and reproduction. Most insects produce only one chemical form of JH, but the Lepidoptera produce four derivatives featuring ethyl ... [more ▼]

The sesquiterpenoid juvenile hormone (JH) regulates insect development and reproduction. Most insects produce only one chemical form of JH, but the Lepidoptera produce four derivatives featuring ethyl branches. The biogenesis of these JHs requires the synthesis of ethyl-substituted farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) by FPP synthase (FPPS). To determine if there exist more than one lepidopteran FPPS, and whether one FPPS homolog is better adapted for binding the builder ethyl-branched substrates/products, we cloned three lepidopteran FPPS cDNAs, two from Choristoneura fumiferana and one from Pseudaletia unipuncta. Amino acid sequence comparisons among these and other eukaryotic FPPSs led to the recognition of two lepidopteran FPPS types. Type-I FPPSs display unique active site substitutions, including several in and near the first aspartaterich motif, whereas type-II proteins have a more "conventional" catalytic cavity. In a yeast assay, a Drosophila FPPS clone provided full complementation of an FPPS mutation, but lepidopteran FPPS clones of either type yielded only partial complementation, suggesting unusual catalytic features and/or requirements of these enzymes. Although a structural analysis of lepidopteran FPPS active sites suggested that type-I enzymes are better suited than type-II for generating ethyl-substituted products, a quantitative real-time PCR assessment of their relative abundance in insect tissues indicated that type-I expression is ubiquitous whereas that of type-II is essentially confined to the JH-producing glands, where its transcripts are ∼20 times more abundant than those of type-I. These results suggest that type-II FPPS plays a leading role in lepidopteran JH biosynthesis in spite of its apparently more conventional catalytic cavity [less ▲]

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