References of "Haubruge, Eric"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailChemical composition of silage residues sustaining the larval development of the Culicoides obsoletus/Culicoides scoticus species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)
Zimmer, Jean-Yves ULg; Saegerman, Claude ULg; Losson, Bertrand ULg et al

in Veterinary Parasitology (2013), 191(1-2), 197-201

Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV). Bluetongue is a viral disease that affects domestic and wild ruminants. Since its recent emergence in northern ... [more ▼]

Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV). Bluetongue is a viral disease that affects domestic and wild ruminants. Since its recent emergence in northern Europe, this disease has caused considerable economic losses to the sheep and cattle industry. The biotopes, and more particularly the chemical characteristics which are suitable for larval development of the main vector species, are still relatively unknown. This study shows that the larvae of biting midges belonging to the species Culicoides obsoletus and Culicoides scoticus are able to breed in different types of silage residue (maize, grass, sugar beet pulp and their combinations). The chemical composition of substrates strongly influences the presence of the immature stages of these biting midges. Higher lignin and insoluble fibre contents seem to favour their presence and could play the role of a physical support for semi-aquatic larvae. In contrast, higher concentrations of magnesium and calcium are negatively correlated with the presence of these two species. These data will help to locate and monitor the breeding sites of these species and could contribute to the control of these insects on farms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (15 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAbundance and phenological model of Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in field crops
Vandereycken, Axel ULg; Brostaux, Yves ULg; Joie, Emilie ULg et al

Poster (2012, December 07)

The multicolored Asian ladybeetle Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) was introduced into Western Europe in the late 1990s. This exotic and invasive species is known to thrive ... [more ▼]

The multicolored Asian ladybeetle Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) was introduced into Western Europe in the late 1990s. This exotic and invasive species is known to thrive principally in shrubs and arboreal habitats. We focus on a phonological model and on annual abundance in various field crops. The abundance of H. axyridis adults and larvae were evaluated during a three-year period, from 2009 to 2011, in four important agronomical crops (wheat, corn, broad bean and potato) in Belgium. H. axyridis colonizes and reproduces in all four crops studied, with larger densities observed in corn and broad bean. The reproduction of H. axyridis occurs principally in corn and occurred much less in wheat and potato. From 2009 to 2011, abundances of H. axyridis populations were constant except in corn, where the observed densities of all immature stages and adults were higher in 2011 than in 2009. The population dynamics of aphids and H. axyridis were characterized by a symmetric logistic function (S-shape) based on the cumulative population size. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (8 ULg)
Full Text
See detailUtilisation des termites comme source de microorganismes dans la filière de production du bioéthanol de seconde génération
Tarayre, Cédric ULg; Bauwens, Julien ULg; Brasseur, Catherine ULg et al

Poster (2012, November 14)

Les termites abritent une microflore symbiotique qui intervient dans la dégradation des fibres constitutives du bois, synthétisant des enzymes capables d’hydrolyser ses composants. Les sucres ... [more ▼]

Les termites abritent une microflore symbiotique qui intervient dans la dégradation des fibres constitutives du bois, synthétisant des enzymes capables d’hydrolyser ses composants. Les sucres fermentescibles libérés suite à cette hydrolyse sont utilisables dans le cadre de la production du bioéthanol de seconde génération. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (16 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDiversité de l’abeille & sélection de souches tolérantes à Varroa destructor
Leclercq, Gil ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

Présentation des 2 volets de recherche du projet "Selapis" (D31-1280) : la diversité de l'abeille et la sélection de souches tolérantes au Varroa

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (13 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCulicoides (Diptera : Ceratopogonidae) : important vectors of cattle diseases. Control assays in Belgium
Smeets, François ULg; Robert, Nancy; Simonon, Grégory et al

Poster (2012, October 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDiversity and breeding sites of mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) potentially vectors of arboviruses in Belgian equestrian farms
Boukraa, Slimane ULg; De la Grandière de Noronha Cotta, Maria Ana ULg; Bawin, Thomas ULg et al

Poster (2012, October 08)

This study aims to determine the potential importance of the livestock farms, especially equestrian, to welcome and favor the proliferation of certain species of mosquito responsible for transmission of ... [more ▼]

This study aims to determine the potential importance of the livestock farms, especially equestrian, to welcome and favor the proliferation of certain species of mosquito responsible for transmission of arboviruses. The study of biodiversity of Culicidae in the horse farms in Belgium is carried out on species sampled at 64 biotopes in six stations study. Five surveys were realized during 2011 (June, July, August and October) and one in 2012 (June). The morphotaxonomic and molecular study of mosquitoes collected showed the presence of ten species: Culisata annulata Schrank, 1776; Anopheles claviger s.s. Meigen, 1804; An. maculipennis s.s. Meigen, 1818; An. messae Falleroni, 1926; Culex pipiens molestus Forskal, 1775; Cx. pipiens pipiens Linné, 1758; Cx. torrentium Martini, 1925; Cx. hortensis hortensis Ficalbi, 1889; Cx. territans Walker, 1856 and Coquillettidia richardii Ficalbi, 1889. Among the 24893 individuals examined in 2011, Cx. pipiens sl and Cx. torrentium represent 68.00% and 22.38% respectively of total harvest. These last species with Cs. annulata, are dominants and ubiquitous in all the horse farms visited. The species of the genus Anopheles have strong ecological requirements and are therefore associated with some special habitats; other species however have a strong ability to adapt and therefore attend a wide variety of biotopes (Cx. pipiens, Cx. torrentium and Cs. annulata). At the horse farms, water troughs and ponds are the most favorable habitats for larval development of Culicidae. The species potentially vectors of arboviruses that can cause problems in epidemiological equestrian farms are Cx. pipiens sl, Cx. torrentium and Cs. annulata. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (37 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHabitat diversity of the Multicolored Asian ladybeetle Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in agricultural and arboreal ecosystems: a review
Vandereycken, Axel ULg; Durieux, Delphine ULg; Joie, Emilie ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2012), 16(4), 553-563

The Multicolored Asian ladybeetle, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas), native to Asia, is an invasive species in many European and American countries. Initially introduced as a biological control agent against ... [more ▼]

The Multicolored Asian ladybeetle, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas), native to Asia, is an invasive species in many European and American countries. Initially introduced as a biological control agent against aphids and coccids in greenhouses, this alien species rapidly invaded many habitats such as forests, meadows, wetlands, and agricultural crops. This paper reviews the habitats (forests, crops, herbs, gardens and orchards) where H. axyridis has been observed, either during insect samplings or as part of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs. Studies have referenced H. axyridis on 106 plant taxa (35 arboreal species, 21 crop species, 27 herbaceous species, 11 ornamental species, and 12 orchard species) and have identified 89 plant- prey relationships (34 arboreal species, 16 crop species, 13 herbaceous species, 10 ornamental species, and 16 orchard species) in different countries. Harmonia axyridis is more abundant in forest areas, principally on Acer, Salix, Tilia and Quercus, than in agroecosystems. Some plant species, such as Urtica dioica L., which surround crops, contain large numbers of H. axyridis and could constitute important reserves of this alien species in advance of aphid invasions into crops. This review highlights the polyphagy and eurytopic aspect of H. axyridis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 110 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailChoosing an aphid partner: a matter of taste and smell
Detrain, Claire; Fischer, Christophe ULg; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

Conference (2012, August 27)

Honeydew is the keystone upon which ants and aphids build their mutualistic relationship. We have investigated how sugar and volatile compounds from honeydew are involved in the discovery, the recognition ... [more ▼]

Honeydew is the keystone upon which ants and aphids build their mutualistic relationship. We have investigated how sugar and volatile compounds from honeydew are involved in the discovery, the recognition and the exploitation of aphid colonies by the black garden ant Lasius niger. In addition to semiochemicals produced by aphids, honeydew volatile compounds are used by ant scouts to orient themselves and distantly recognize myrmecophilous species. Once discovered, aphid colonies producing sugars which are the most beneficial to the ants are preferentially tended. In this respect, the ways each sugar acts upon the feeding behavior of ant foragers and triggers the laying of a recruitment trail are essential to understand how their collective exploitation of aphid colonies proceeds and why mutualistic interactions between ants and aphids are maintained. Sensitivity of ant scouts to honeydew sugars was also investigated. Dose-response curves revealed between-sugar differences with foragers being very sensitive even to small amounts of melezitose, a sugar specifically produced by aphid colonies. We discuss about the relevance of honeydew cues used by ants in the selection of sugary resources, the recognition of their honeydew-producing partners as well as in the assessment of size and nutritive value of exploited aphid colonies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (5 ULg)
See detailLivestock farms in Belgium shelter they the mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) potentially vectors of arboviruses?
Boukraa, Slimane ULg; Zimmer, Jean-Yves ULg; Simonon, Grégory et al

Poster (2012, August 23)

Although no major arbovirus which mosquitoes are responsible for its transmission has been recorded in Belgium in recent decades, environment and climate change, current and future, could favor the ... [more ▼]

Although no major arbovirus which mosquitoes are responsible for its transmission has been recorded in Belgium in recent decades, environment and climate change, current and future, could favor the emergence of vector-borne diseases in the country, by inducing changes on Culicidae populations. This study aims to determine the potential importance of agricultural environments, and especially livestock farms, to welcome and favor the proliferation of certain species of mosquito responsible for transmission of arboviruses. A taxonomic inventory was conducted in 2008 (III, VI and X) and 2009 (V and IX) in ten cattle farms, and in 2010 (X) in ten stables located in Belgium. The harvest of mosquitoes is based on larval sampling at the level of 14 biotopes such as water troughs, used tires, abandoned utensils and temporary puddles or not. The morphotaxonomic study of larvae and genitalia has allowed to identify eight species in 18 study stations. These are Anopheles claviger Meigen, 1804 ; A. maculipennis s.l. Meigen, 1818 ; Culiseta annulata Schrank, 1776 ; Cs. morsitans Theobald, 1901 ; Culex modestus Ficalbi, 1889 ; Cx. torrentium Martini, 1925 ; Cx. territans Walker, 1856 and Cx. pipiens s.l. L., 1758. Of the 1843 individuals examined in 2009, Cx. pipiens s.l. represents 79.98% of the total harvest; however, Cx. modestus represents only 0.92%. Used tires form the most favorable habitat for larval development of Culicidae. Therefore, despite the low diversity of mosquito observed within the livestock environments, they represent a significant risk for the reproduction of some potential vectors of arboviruses. In addition, some larval habitats constitute very favorable sites for proliferation of mosquito, causing a real problem of nuisance for animals of farms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVolatile organic compounds released by barley roots attract wireworms
Barsics, Fanny ULg; Fiers, Marie ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg et al

Poster (2012, August)

Wireworms, the soil dwelling larvae of click beetles, are pests of many crops worldwide. Alternatives to insecticide treatments are needed for integrated management strategies. Our work consists in ... [more ▼]

Wireworms, the soil dwelling larvae of click beetles, are pests of many crops worldwide. Alternatives to insecticide treatments are needed for integrated management strategies. Our work consists in elucidating the role of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) root-emitted volatile organic compounds (VOC) on the orientation behaviour of Agriotes sordidus Illiger wireworms (Fig. 1). Using dual choice olfactometers, we have evaluated the attractiveness of baits ranging from barley roots themselves to one isolated root-emitted volatile organic compound. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTermites artificially-fed on unusual diet and resulting enzymatic switches
Bauwens, Julien ULg; Tarayre, Cédric ULg; Matteotti, Christel et al

Poster (2012, August)

Wood-feeding termites as Reticulitermes santonensis generally feed on cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin. However, these opportunistic insects are also able to degrade other carbohydrates, such as ... [more ▼]

Wood-feeding termites as Reticulitermes santonensis generally feed on cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin. However, these opportunistic insects are also able to degrade other carbohydrates, such as starch. The production of putative endogenous α - amylase has been previously shown in R. flavipes, as the disappearance of the major symbiotic flagellates from the hindgut. Here, we compared enzymatic activities (CMCase, MCCase, xylanase, amylase, α- and β-glucosidase) between different fractions of the digestive tract of starch-, cellulose-, and wood-fed termites. Main compounds of the artificial diets, namely starch or MCC, resulted in differential enzymatic activity. Even the substitution of wood by artificial diets itself seemed to induce changes in enzymatic activities, regardless of the main substrate in the diet, as we observed strong midgut α-glucosidase activity only for artificially-fed termites. Preliminary assays to isolate and characterize enzymes were performed using proteomic methods. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBreeding sites of main Bluetongue virus vectors in Belgian cowshed
Zimmer, Jean-Yves ULg; Saegerman, Claude ULg; Losson, Bertrand ULg et al

Poster (2012, August)

Bluetongue (BT) is an emerging vectorborne disease of ruminants that was reported in August 2006 in northern Europe. Since 2007, BT virus (BTV) serotype 8 continued its spread across Europe and caused ... [more ▼]

Bluetongue (BT) is an emerging vectorborne disease of ruminants that was reported in August 2006 in northern Europe. Since 2007, BT virus (BTV) serotype 8 continued its spread across Europe and caused considerable economic losses. This observation indicates possible overwintering of the vector from year to year. The biological vectors of BTV are biting midges of the genus Culicoides. Breeding sites of bluetongue vector species have been found near farms (e.g. silage residues) and in neighboring meadows (e.g. cattle dung) but never inside sheds. We conducted a study in five cattle farms in Belgium during February–October 2008. Three samplings were performed and each soil sample collected inside cowsheds was incubated to enable adult midges to emerge. Among 15 soil biotopes sampled, only one showed the emergence of adult Culicoides biting midges: dried dung adhering to walls inside animal enclosures and resulting to the partial removal of used animal litter. It was a breeding site for the C. obsoletus/C. scoticus complex. Physico-chemical characteristics showed that midges of this complex are more prevalent in soil samples with a high carbon:nitrogen (C:N) index. So Culicoides biting midges are able to complete their life cycle in animal enclosures. We identified a breeding site for the primary BTV vector in a cowshed in northern Europe. These observations could explain the persistence of BTV from year to year despite fairly harsh winters. Hygienic measures on farms could reduce biting midges populations and so improve efficacy of vaccination campaigns against BT in Europe. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHoneydew volatile emission acts as a kairomonal message for the Asian lady beetle Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)
Leroy, Pascal; Heuskin, Stéphanie ULg; Sabri, Ahmed ULg et al

in Insect Science (2012), 19(4), 498-506

The Asian lady beetle Harmonia axyridis Pallas is considered as an invasive species in most territories where it has been introduced. Because aphid honeydew acts as an attractant for many aphid predators ... [more ▼]

The Asian lady beetle Harmonia axyridis Pallas is considered as an invasive species in most territories where it has been introduced. Because aphid honeydew acts as an attractant for many aphid predators and parasitoids, the objectives of this work were to collect and identify the volatile compounds released from the aphid excretory product to evaluate how these semiochemicals could affect the H. axyridis foraging behavior. Twelve volatile chemicals were identified from the Megoura viciae Buckton honeydew including four alcohols, three ketones, three aldehydes, a pyrazine and a monoterpene. The volatiles 3-methyl-1-butanol and 3-methyl-butanal were highlighted as the two most abundant semiochemicals released from the M. viciae honeydew. Vicia faba L. plants treated with crude honeydew attracted more than 80% of the tested individuals with 40% of attracted beetles located on the plant. Four volatile compounds (3-hydroxy-2-butanone, 3-methyl-butanal, 3-methyl-1-butanol and limonene) were also highlighted to attract more than 75% of the coccinellids toward the odor source and to locate about 35% of them on the plants. Limonenewas the most efficient attractant since 89% of the H. axyridis responded to this odor. The use of the identified semiochemicals aswell as the composition of an artificial honeydew could certainly be helpful to control the dispersal of the Asian lady beetle H. axyridis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (28 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailProteomics of aphid salivary proteins
Francis, Frédéric ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg; Vandermoten, Sophie ULg et al

Conference (2012, August)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (5 ULg)