Fully Automated Preparation and Conjugation of N-Succinimidyl 4-[(18)F]Fluorobenzoate ([ (18)F]SFB) with RGD Peptide Using a GE FASTlab Synthesizer.
Thonon, David ; ; Goukens, Eve et al
in Molecular imaging and biology : MIB : the official publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging (2011)
PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to automate the radiosynthesis of [(18)F]SFB, a widely used reagent for the labeling of biomolecules with (18)F on a new generation commercial synthesis module (FASTLab ... [more ▼]
PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to automate the radiosynthesis of [(18)F]SFB, a widely used reagent for the labeling of biomolecules with (18)F on a new generation commercial synthesis module (FASTLab, GE Healthcare). PROCEDURES: Two synthesis approaches were implemented on this module: the classical "two-pot radiosynthesis" and the more recently described "one-pot" method. RESULTS: The "two-pot" approach affords [(18)F]SFB with a 42% decay-corrected yield in 57 min (n = 24) with a chemical purity sufficient to avoid an intermediate HPLC purification. The recently established "one-pot" method, afforded a product with a lower chemical purity, in the conditions used in this report. The lower d.c. yield obtained (32% (n = 15)) was related to the low (18)F labeling yields obtained in MeCN compared with DMSO. The subsequent conjugation step with a RGD (PRGD2) peptide was also successfully automated. CONCLUSIONS: The formulated [(18)F]FPRGD2 was obtained without any operator manipulation with a d.c. yield of 13% +/- 3% (n = 13) in 130 min, a radiochemical purity >98% and a specific activity of 140 +/- 40 TBq/mmol. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 70 (27 ULg)
Assessment of consciousness with electrophysiological and neurological imaging techniques.
Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ; Gosseries, Olivia ; Ledoux, Didier et al
in Current Opinion in Critical Care (2011)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Brain MRI (diffusion tensor imaging and spectroscopy) and functional neuroimaging (PET, functional MRI, EEG and evoked potential studies) are changing our understanding of patients with ... [more ▼]
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Brain MRI (diffusion tensor imaging and spectroscopy) and functional neuroimaging (PET, functional MRI, EEG and evoked potential studies) are changing our understanding of patients with disorders of consciousness encountered after coma such as the 'vegetative' or minimally conscious states. RECENT FINDINGS: Increasing evidence from functional neuroimaging and electrophysiology demonstrates some residual cognitive processing in a subgroup of patients who clinically fail to show any response to commands, leading to the recent proposal of 'unresponsive wakefulness syndrome' as an alternative name for patients previously coined 'vegetative' or 'apallic'. SUMMARY: Consciousness can be viewed as the emergent property of the collective behavior of widespread thalamocortical frontoparietal network connectivity. Data from physiological, pharmacological and pathological alterations of consciousness provide evidence in favor of this hypothesis. Increasing our understanding of the neural correlates of consciousness is helping clinicians to do a better job in terms of diagnosis, prognosis and finally treatment and drug development for these severely brain-damaged patients. The current challenge remains to continue translating this research from the bench to the bedside. Only well controlled large multicentric neuroimaging and electrophysiology studies will enable to identify which paraclinical diagnostic or prognostic test is necessary for our routine evidence-based assessment of individuals with disorders of consciousness. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 120 (10 ULg)
Vers une radiothérapie chirurgicale :nécessité d’une radiothérapie guidée par l’imagerie
COUCKE, Philippe ; WITHOFS, Nadia ; JANSEN, Nicolas et al
in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(supp 1), 17-22
résumé : L’évolution extrêmement rapide en robotique et en informatique a permis l’avènement de techniques telles que le CcyberKnife®, capables d’appliquer en radiothérapie des doses dites «ablatives» et ... [more ▼]
résumé : L’évolution extrêmement rapide en robotique et en informatique a permis l’avènement de techniques telles que le CcyberKnife®, capables d’appliquer en radiothérapie des doses dites «ablatives» et ceci avec une précision chirurgicale. Ce type de traitement ablatif n’est pas réellement concevable avec des techniques conventionnelles en radiothérapie et des changements <br />majeurs de paradigmes ont eu lieu, particulièrement dans la méthodologie de définition de la cible et des marges ainsi que dans la manière dont on fractionne le traitement. Ggrâce à ces changements, on est à même de proposer aux patients des traitements <br />qui représentent un doublement au niveau de l’efficacité <br />biologique. Ppour obtenir une couverture optimale au niveau de la cible, tout en évitant les structures saines avoisinantes, il est donc impératif d’obtenir la meilleure définition possible de la cible tant au niveau de la l’extension de la lésion qu’au niveau de son «contenu», c’est-à-dire les caractéristiques métaboliques et fonctionnelles. Lla révolution technologique en cours dans le monde de l’imagerie métabolique et fonctionnelle va permettre d’utiliser l’information numérisée pour individualiser les traitements <br />et les adapter aux caractéristiques mêmes de la lésion ainsi qu’à son évolution au décours du traitement. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 86 (8 ULg)
Assessment of early therapeutic response in anti-TNFα refractory rheumatoid arthritis with FDG PET/CT.
; KAISER, Marie-Joëlle ; NAMUR, Gauthier et al
in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (2010), 37(SUPPL), 211Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Contribution of positron emission tomography in pleural disease.
Duysinx, Bernard ; Corhay, Jean-Louis ; Larock, Marie-Paule et al
in Revue des Maladies Respiratoires (2010), 27(8), 47-53
INTRODUCTION: Positron emission tomography (PET) now plays a clear role in oncology, especially in chest tumours. We discuss the value of metabolic imaging in characterising pleural pathology in the light ... [more ▼]
INTRODUCTION: Positron emission tomography (PET) now plays a clear role in oncology, especially in chest tumours. We discuss the value of metabolic imaging in characterising pleural pathology in the light of our own experience and review the literature. BACKGROUND: PET is particularly useful in characterising malignant pleural pathologies and is a factor of prognosis in mesothelioma. Metabolic imaging also provides clinical information for staging lung cancer, in researching the primary tumour in metastatic pleurisy and in monitoring chronic or recurrent pleural pathologies. CONCLUSIONS: PET should therefore be considered as a useful tool in the diagnosis of liquid or solid pleural pathologies. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 54 (3 ULg)
Chorea associated with anti-phospholipid antibodies: case report.
DEMONTY, Jean ; GONCE, Michel ; et al
in Acta clinica Belgica (2010), 65(5), 350-3
A seventeen year-old boy developed left sided chorea in a few days, subsequently involving the four limbs. Although he presented a marfanoid phenotype, genetic analysis of the Fibrillin 1 was normal. The ... [more ▼]
A seventeen year-old boy developed left sided chorea in a few days, subsequently involving the four limbs. Although he presented a marfanoid phenotype, genetic analysis of the Fibrillin 1 was normal. The genes for familial chorea and Huntington's disease were also negative. Biological tests showed normal serum homocystein, but revealed very high levels of anti-beta2-GP1 IgG, anticardiolipin and lupus anticoagulant, which remained at similar values for a period of over three months. Electroencephalogram and cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed no abnormalities. Brain PET-scan disclosed bilateral striatal hypermetabolism. The patient was treated with methylprednisolone and low dose of acetylsalicylic acid. He improved markedly after six weeks of treatment, and choreic movements disappeared completely after two months. A control PET-scan performed at this time showed reversion of striated hypermetabolism to a normal pattern. The pathogenic aspects of this relatively rare case of chorea are discussed. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
Visual fixation in the vegetative state: an observational case series PET study.
Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ; Schnakers, Caroline et al
in BMC Neurology (2010), 10
BACKGROUND: Assessment of visual fixation is commonly used in the clinical examination of patients with disorders of consciousness. However, different international guidelines seem to disagree whether ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Assessment of visual fixation is commonly used in the clinical examination of patients with disorders of consciousness. However, different international guidelines seem to disagree whether fixation is compatible with the diagnosis of the vegetative state (i.e., represents "automatic" subcortical processing) or is a sufficient sign of consciousness and higher order cortical processing. METHODS: We here studied cerebral metabolism in ten patients with chronic post-anoxic encephalopathy and 39 age-matched healthy controls. Five patients were in a vegetative state (without fixation) and five presented visual fixation but otherwise showed all criteria typical of the vegetative state. Patients were matched for age, etiology and time since insult and were followed by repeated Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) assessments for at least 1 year. Sustained visual fixation was considered as present when the eyes refixated a moving target for more than 2 seconds as defined by CRS-R criteria. RESULTS: Patients without fixation showed metabolic dysfunction in a widespread fronto-parietal cortical network (with only sparing of the brainstem and cerebellum) which was not different from the brain function seen in patients with visual fixation. Cortico-cortical functional connectivity with visual cortex showed no difference between both patient groups. Recovery rates did not differ between patients without or with fixation (none of the patients showed good outcome). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that sustained visual fixation in (non-traumatic) disorders of consciousness does not necessarily reflect consciousness and higher order cortical brain function. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 27 (4 ULg)
Central neuromodulation in cluster headache patients treated with occipital nerve stimulators: A PET study
Magis, Delphine ; Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ; Fumal, Arnaud et al
in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2010), 110(Suppl 1), 17
OBJECTIVES: Use functional brain imaging to explore activity changes in centres involved in trigeminal pain processing and control before and after occipital neurostimulation in drug-resistant chronic ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVES: Use functional brain imaging to explore activity changes in centres involved in trigeminal pain processing and control before and after occipital neurostimulation in drug-resistant chronic cluster headache patients. BACKGROUND: Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) provides relief to about 60% of patients suffering from drug-resistant chronic cluster headache (drCCH). Its mode of action, however, remains elusive, but the long latency to meaningful effect suggests that ONS induces slow neuromodulation. METHODS: Ten drCCH patients underwent an 18FDG-PET scan after ONS durations varying between 0 and 30 months. All were scanned with ongoing ONS (ON) and with the stimulator switched OFF. RESULTS: After 6-30 months of ONS, 3 patients were pain free and 4 had a ≥ 90% reduction of attack frequency (responders). In patients overall compared to controls, several areas of the pain matrix were hypermetabolic: ipsilateral hypothalamus, midbrain and ipsilateral lower pons. All normalized after ONS, except the hypothalamus. Switching ON or OFF the stimulator had little influence on brain glucose metabolism. The perigenual anterior cingulate cortex (PACC) was hyperactive in ONS responders compared to non-responders. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic normalization in the pain neuromatrix and lack of short-term changes induced by the stimulation support the hypothesis that ONS acts in drCCH through slow neuromodulatory processes. Selective activation in responders of PACC, a pivotal structure in the endogenous opioid system, suggests that ONS may restore balance within dysfunctioning pain control centres. That ONS is nothing but a symptomatic treatment might be illustrated by the persistent hypothalamic hypermetabolism which could explain why autonomic attacks may persist despite pain relief and why cluster attacks recur shortly after stimulator arrest. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 46 (4 ULg)
Tumor-like MRS and PET findings in a case of radiation-induced brain necrosis, away from any tumor: an intringuing case report
Nguyen Khac, Minh-Tuan ; Hustinx, Roland ; Deprez, Manuel et al
Conference (2009, March 21)Detailed reference viewed: 35 (6 ULg)
The Role of PET/CT in the Monitoring and Diagnosis of Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
Hustinx, Roland ; Louis, Edouard
in PET Clinics (2009), 3Detailed reference viewed: 21 (4 ULg)
Detecting consciousness in a total Locked-in syndrome: an active event related paradigm
Schnakers, Caroline ; ; et al
in Neurocase : Case Studies in Neuropsychology, Neuropsychiatry & Behavioural Neurology (2009), 25
Total locked-in syndrome is characterized by tetraplegia, anarthria and paralysis of eye motility. In this study, consciousness was detected in a 21-year-old woman who presented a total locked-in syndrome ... [more ▼]
Total locked-in syndrome is characterized by tetraplegia, anarthria and paralysis of eye motility. In this study, consciousness was detected in a 21-year-old woman who presented a total locked-in syndrome after a basilar artery thrombosis (49 days post-injury) using an active event-related paradigm. The patient was presented sequences of names containing the patient's own name and other names. The patient was instructed to count her own name or to count another target name. Similar to 4 age- and gender-matched healthy controls, the P3 response recorded for the voluntarily counted own name was larger than while passively listening. This P3 response was observed 14 days before the first behavioral signs of consciousness. This study shows that our active event-related paradigm allowed to identify voluntary brain activity in a patient who would behaviorally be diagnosed as comatose. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 68 (9 ULg)
Nuclear (scintigraphic) methods and FDG-PET in rheumatoid osteoarthritis
Ribbens, Clio ; Hustinx, Roland
in Bruno, Michael A.; Mosher, Timothy J.; Gold, Gary E. (Eds.) Arthritis in Color. Advance Imaging of Arthritis. (2009)Detailed reference viewed: 26 (7 ULg)
Les anticorps monoclonaux en hématologie en 2009
Bonnet, Christophe ; Beguin, Yves ; De Prijck, Bernard et al
in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64
Directed against the CD20 antigen on B lymphocytes, rituximab (MabThera) is now incorporated in the first line therapy of symptomatic follicular as well as diffuse large B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and ... [more ▼]
Directed against the CD20 antigen on B lymphocytes, rituximab (MabThera) is now incorporated in the first line therapy of symptomatic follicular as well as diffuse large B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and offers superior response and survival rates. 90Y ibritumomab tiuxetan (Zevalin) combines the specificity of rituximab for the CD20 antigen and the therapeutic effect of β irradiation. Given in monotherapy, it constitutes an interesting alternative therapy for follicular lymphomas in second relapse. Alemtuzumab (MabCampath) recognizes the CD52 antigen and offers encouraging results in chronic lymphocytic leukemia resistant to classical chemotherapy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 196 (14 ULg)
Functional imaging of abdominal aortic aneurysms : can it predict probability of rupture.
Sakalihasan, Natzi ; Hustinx, Roland ; et al
in VASCULAR ANEURYSMS (2009)Detailed reference viewed: 20 (6 ULg)
Evaluation of inflammatory cells in abdominal aortic aneurysmal wall by tomography emission positron
Sakalihasan, Natzi ; Hustinx, Roland ; et al
in Médecine Nucléaire : Imagerie Fonctionnelle et Métabolique (2009), 33/5Detailed reference viewed: 18 (11 ULg)
PET/CT in gastrointestinal tumors : fast technological changes lead to improved patient management
in PET Clinics (2008), 3Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg)