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See detailComparative study of the oxyhaemoglobin dissociation curve of four mammals: man, dog, horse and cattle
Clerbaux, Th; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Detry, B et al

in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A : Comparative Physiology (1993), 106A(4), 687-694

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See detailMeasurement of Total Respiratory Impedance in Dogs by the Forced Oscillation Technique
Clercx, Cécile ULiege; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Landser, F. J. et al

in Veterinary Research Communications (1993), 17(3), 227-239

The resistance (Rrs) and reactance (Xrs) of the total respiratory system were determined at various frequencies in 14 healthy conscious beagle dogs. A pseudorandom noise pressure wave was produced at the ... [more ▼]

The resistance (Rrs) and reactance (Xrs) of the total respiratory system were determined at various frequencies in 14 healthy conscious beagle dogs. A pseudorandom noise pressure wave was produced at the nostrils of the animals by means of a loudspeaker adapted to the nose by a tightly fitting mask. A Fourier analysis of the pressure and flow signals yielded mean Rrs and Xrs, over 16 s, at frequencies from 2 to 26 Hz. The influence of the posture of the dog, the position of its head, the linearity of the respiratory system, the reproducibility of the method and the effects of upper and lower airway obstructions were studied. In sitting and standing healthy dogs with the head in the extended position, Rrs values increased progressively with frequency from 5.4 +/- 0.4 (SEM) cmH2O L-1s at 6 Hz up to 8.8 +/- 0.7 cmH2O L-1s at 26 Hz, the mean resonant frequency being 6.1 +/- 0.5 Hz. No significant differences were observed between measurements performed with the head in the normal or the extended position. In a recumbent posture, all Rrs values were increased but Rrs was still dependent on the frequency in the same way (7.1 +/- 0.7 cmH2O L-1s at 6Hz up to 10.0 +/- 0.5 cmH2O L-1s at 26 Hz). Tracheal compression also induced higher Rrs values without changes in the frequency dependence or in the resonant frequency. In anaesthetized dogs, airway obstruction was induced by inhalation of histamine (4 mg/ml for 5 min; the Rrs values tended to decrease with increasing frequency, and the resonant frequency was markedly increased [less ▲]

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See detailMicroclimat et composition de l'air dans une enceinte fermée destinée à l'étude de la toxicité des polluants atmosphériques chez le porcelet
Urbain, B.; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Prouvost, J. F. et al

in Veterinary Research (1993), 24(6), 503-514

An experimental model representing the pollution background in a pigpen was constructed in order to study the toxicology of pig respiratory air pollutants. Temperature, relative humidity, air-flow rate ... [more ▼]

An experimental model representing the pollution background in a pigpen was constructed in order to study the toxicology of pig respiratory air pollutants. Temperature, relative humidity, air-flow rate, total dust, total viable particles, endotoxins in respirable dust (< 5 microns) and ammonia were measured in a 1.9 m3 environmental chamber designed for piglets. The activity of 1 piglet was recorded on video. Temperature and relative humidity were respectively 23.9 +/- 1.3 degrees C and 70.5 +/- 8.3% (mean +/- SD). Air flow rate was 10 m3/h. Dust, viable particles, endotoxin and ammonia concentrations were respectively 7 +/- 2 particles/ml, 3.4 x 10(4) +/- 2.9 x 10(4) BCFP (bacterial colony-forming particles)/m3, 4.8 +/- 1.5 ng/m3 and 6 +/- 0.8 ppm (mean +/- SD). All these parameters were comparable to the lowest values recorded in pigpens [less ▲]

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See detailAutonomic regulation of the pulmonary function
Lekeux, Pierre ULiege; Gustin, Pascal ULiege

in Lekeux, Pierre (Ed.) Pulmonary Function in Healthy, Exercising and Diseased Animals (1993)

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See detailRole of Neuropeptides in Acetylcholine-Induced Edema in Isolated and Perfused Rabbit Lungs
Delaunois, Annie ULiege; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Ansay, Michel ULiege

in Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (The) (1993), 266(2), 483-491

Changes in pulmonary endothelial permeability and in microvascular hemodynamics in response to cumulative concentrations of acetylcholine (ACh) (10(-8) M to 10(-5) M) were investigated in isolated ... [more ▼]

Changes in pulmonary endothelial permeability and in microvascular hemodynamics in response to cumulative concentrations of acetylcholine (ACh) (10(-8) M to 10(-5) M) were investigated in isolated, perfused rabbit lungs. The total pressure gradient was partitioned into four components: arterial, pre- and postcapillary and venous. The capillary filtration coefficient (Kf, c) also was evaluated. ACh caused a significant increase in arterial and precapillary pressures at concentrations higher than 3 x 10(-6) M. The total pressure gradient and precapillary were significantly increased whereas arterial, postcapillary and venous pressure gradient remained unchanged. In papaverine (3 x 10(-4) M)-pretreated lungs, the vasoconstriction was abolished and a concentration-dependent increase in Kf,c was recorded from 10(-8) to 10(-5) M ACh. This reaction was accompanied by pulmonary edema. Atropine, indomethacin, aspirin, ketanserin, clonidine, morphine and (+/-)-CP 96-345, an antagonist of neurokinin NK1 receptors, completely prevented the effects of ACh on Kf,c. In contrast, cromolyn sodium and SR48968, a neurokinin NK2 antagonist, did not inhibit the response to ACh. Terfenadine together with cimetidine had a partially inhibitory effect. Changes in the Kf, c similar to those observed with ACh were induced by capsaicin (10(-4) M) by exogenous substance P (10(-7) M) and by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) (10(-4) M). The effects of SP were inhibited by aspirin, (+/-)-CP 96,345 and ketanserin, but not by atropine and antihistaminics. 5-HT effects were prevented by aspirin and not by (+/-)-CP 96,345. It was concluded that ACh-induced pulmonary edema was due to an increase in the capillary filtration coefficient.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailLe récepteur NMDA : base moléculaire du mécanisme d’action de la kétamine
Hanon, E.; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Ansay, M.

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1993), 137

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See detailEffects of Age and Indomethacin on Response and Sensitivity of Pulmonary Artery to Phenylephrine and to Histamine in Pigs
Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Ansay, Michel; Advenier, C.

in Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology & Therapeutics (1993), 16(2), 207-213

The vasoconstrictor effects of phenylephrine and histamine were investigated in isolated strips of pulmonary arteries in pigs during ageing. Interactions between phenylephrine-induced responses and ... [more ▼]

The vasoconstrictor effects of phenylephrine and histamine were investigated in isolated strips of pulmonary arteries in pigs during ageing. Interactions between phenylephrine-induced responses and arachidonic acid derivatives were also studied by incubating the blood-vessels with indomethacin. Potency (pD2 values) and maximal effects (Emaxx) recorded in 5-week-old piglets (group I, n= 5) with phenylephrine [5.71 ± 0.17 and 0.76 ± 0.22 g/mg of dry tissue respectively (mean ± SEM)] were similar to values found in 12-week-old animals (group 2, n = 5) (5.49 ± 0.30 and 1.06 ± 0.27 g/mg of dry tissue respectively). The sensitivity and responsiveness of tissues to this agonist were significantly reduced in 26-week-old mature pigs (group 3, n = 6) as indicated by the decrease in pD2 (3.91 ± 0.23; P < 0.01) and Emax (0.27 ± 0.13 g/mg of dry tissue; P < 0.05) values observed in this group. Histamine (10_3M)-induced maximal responses (Emax) were significantly higher in group 2 (2.23 ± 0.49 g/mg) than in group 1 (0.85 ± 0.11 g/mg; P < 0.05) and in group 3 (0.48 ± 0.10 g/mg; P < 0.01). In 5-week-old animals, indomethacin (3.10˜5M) significantly (P < 0.05) shifted the concentration-response curve to phenylephrine to the right (0.28 log. units) and depressed contractions to this drug as shown by the significant decrease of 39.5% (P < 0.05) in Emax. This cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor had no effect in other groups. These data indicate that phenylephrine is a potent and effective vasoconstrictor agent for the main pulmonary arteries in 5-week-old piglets and that alpha-1-adrenergic-induced contractions are enhanced by cyclo-oxygenase products. These findings can be related with the high reactivity of pulmonary vascular smooth muscles in these animals [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Capsaicin on the Endothelial Permeability in Isolated and Perfused Rabbit Lungs
Delaunois, Annie ULiege; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Ansay, Michel ULiege

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (1993), 7(2), 81-91

Changes in pulmonary endothelial permeability and in microvascular hemodynamics in response to capsaicin (10(-4) M) were investigated in isolated, perfused rabbit lungs. Blood-free perfusate was ... [more ▼]

Changes in pulmonary endothelial permeability and in microvascular hemodynamics in response to capsaicin (10(-4) M) were investigated in isolated, perfused rabbit lungs. Blood-free perfusate was recirculated through ventilated lungs in an isogravimetric state, under zone III conditions with a constant flow. Using the occlusions method, the total pressure gradient between the arterial and the venous levels (delta Pt) was partitioned into four components: arterial (delta Pa), pre-(delta Pa') and post-(delta Pv') capillary, and venous (delta Pv). The capillary filtration coefficient (Kf,c) was evaluated by measuring the amount of fluid filtering through the endothelium when arterial and venous pressures were suddenly increased. Capsaicin caused no changes in the vascular pressures at any level of the pulmonary circulation but induced a significant 3-fold increase in the Kf,c (P < 0.05). This reaction was accompanied by pulmonary oedema. The mechanisms involved in the permeability changes were investigated by testing the capacity of different drugs to block the response to capsaicin. Clonidine (10(-7) M to 10(-5) M), morphine (10(-6) M), aspirin (10(-3) M), ketanserin (10(-8) M) and (+/)- CP 96,345 (10(-6) M), an antagonist of neurokinin NK1 receptor, completely prevented the effects of capsaicin on the Kf,c. In contrast, terfenadine (10(-7)) together with cimetidine (10(-5) M) had no protective effect against capsaicin. It was concluded that capsaicin-induced pulmonary oedema was due to an increase in the capillary filtration coefficient and not to hemodynamic changes. This alteration in the endothelium permeability is mediated by the release of endogenous peptides from C-fibers upon the action of capsaicin and subsequent activation of NK1 receptors, probably by substance P. Moreover, 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors and arachidonic acid derivates are also involved in this reaction [less ▲]

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See detailTreatment of pulmonary dysfunctions
Lekeux, Pierre ULiege; Genicot, P.; Gustin, Pascal ULiege

in Lekeux, Pierre (Ed.) Pulmonary Function in Healthy, Exercising and Diseased Animals (1993)

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See detailDevelopment of a bronchoreactivity test in dogs
Clercx, Cécile ULiege; Dufour, P.; Gustin, Pascal ULiege

in 6th IVENTA Meeting - Pre-congress-dayof the XVII SWAVA World Congress - Rome - Italie (1992)

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See detailEndotoxin-induced microvascular injury in isolated and perfused pig lungs
Urbain, B.; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Ansay, Michel ULiege

in Veterinary Research Communications (1992), 16(6), 453-464

The lungs of 13 healthy Landrace piglets were isolated, perfused and maintained in an isogravimetric state under zone III conditions. By applying vascular occlusion methods, the total blood flow ... [more ▼]

The lungs of 13 healthy Landrace piglets were isolated, perfused and maintained in an isogravimetric state under zone III conditions. By applying vascular occlusion methods, the total blood flow resistance (Rt) was partitioned into four components: arterial (Ra), pre- (Ra') and post-capillary (Rv'), and venous (Rv). The capillary filtration coefficient (Kfc) was evaluated using a gravimetric technique. A bolus of 55 micrograms of Escherichia coli endotoxins (LPS) per 100 g of lung was injected into the arterial reservoir of eight lungs, followed by an infusion of LPS at a rate of 55 micrograms per 100 g of lung per hour for 180 min. A bolus of theophylline (85 mg per 100 g of lung weight) was injected into the arterial reservoir after the last determination of the Kfc value. All the parameters were evaluated again when the lungs reached a new steady state. Endotoxin induced a significant increase in Rt from 54.7 +/- 7.0 at zero time to 184.7 +/- 44.2 cmH2O min L-1 (100 g)-1 180 minutes later, which can be ascribed to the increase in Ra' and Rv'. These haemodynamic modifications were related to the increases in the arterial pressure and in the pressure at the distal end of the arterial segment and to the decreases in the pressure at the proximal end of the venous segment and in the blood flow. The capillary pressure and the lung weight remained unchanged. Endotoxin infusion induced an increase in the Kfc value from 0.208 +/- 0.011 (at t = 0) to 0.391 +/- 0.034 ml min-1 (cmH2O)-1 (100 g)-1 (at t = 180). Administration of theophylline significantly reduced Rt,Ra,Ra' and Rv' towards or under the baseline values and also induced a significant increase in the lung weight and in the Kfc value. It was concluded that the endotoxin-induced increase in the total blood flow resistance can be ascribed to a vasospasm occurring at the level of the pre- and post-capillary small vessels and that changes in the permeability of the endothelium greatly contribute to the development of the pulmonary oedema observed in endotoxaemic pigs [less ▲]

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See detailPermeability of the Endothelium and Partitioning of the Pulmonary Blood Flow Resistance in Isolated Perfused Pig Lungs: Effects of Breed and Age
Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Urbain, B.; Delaunois, Annie et al

in Veterinary Research Communications (1992), 16(1), 69-82

The right and left lungs of 5 healthy Minipigs and of 13 healthy Landrace piglets were isolated, perfused at constant pressure and maintained in an isogravimetric state under zone III conditions ... [more ▼]

The right and left lungs of 5 healthy Minipigs and of 13 healthy Landrace piglets were isolated, perfused at constant pressure and maintained in an isogravimetric state under zone III conditions (pulmonary venous pressure greater than alveolar pressure). By applying the double, arterial and venous, occlusion technique, the total blood flow resistance (R) was partitioned into four components: arterial (Ra), pre- (Ra') and post-capillary (Rv') and venous (Rv). The capillary filtration coefficient (Kf,c) was evaluated by measuring the weight gained by the lungs when the arterial and venous pressures were suddenly increased. In the youngest Landrace piglets (5 weeks old), there was an uncontrolled vasoconstriction which sometimes prevented perfusion of the lungs and induced a large increase in Rt. These high values of Rt were decreased by tolazoline administration. The values of Rt recorded in older pigs (12-13 weeks old) were lower in Minipigs (33.66 +/- 3.77 cmH2O min L-1 per 100 g of lungs; n = 5) than in Landrace piglets (55.20 +/- 6.18 cmH2O min L-1 per 100 g; n = 5). This breed difference was due to the differences in Ra' and Rv'. The mean values of Kf,c were 0.193 +/- 0.015 and 0.202 +/- 0.029 ml min (cmH2O)-1 per 100 g of the lungs in Minipigs and Landrace piglets respectively. All these parameters were stable for the 3 hours following the equilibrium period. It was concluded that: (1) There is an age-related maturation of the control of the vasomotor tone in porcine lungs. (2) Pulmonary microvascular haemodynamics are influenced by the breed of the pigs. (3) There was no difference in the Kf,c values between both the breeds. (4) A comparison of the values reported for dogs and rabbits with our data shows that the pre- and post-capillary resistances and, to a lesser extent, the arterial and venous resistances are relatively high in pigs [less ▲]

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See detailToxicité des herbicides chez les animaux domestiques
Delaunois, A.; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Ansay, M.

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1992), 136

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See detailAltered Capillary Filtration Coefficient in Parathion- and Paraoxon-Induced Edema in Isolated and Perfused Rabbit Lungs
Delaunois, Annie; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Ansay, Michel

in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology (1992), 116(2), 161-169

Changes in pulmonary endothelium permeability and in microvascular hemodynamics induced by parathion (Pth) and paraoxon (Pox), its active metabolite, were investigated in isolated, perfused rabbit lungs ... [more ▼]

Changes in pulmonary endothelium permeability and in microvascular hemodynamics induced by parathion (Pth) and paraoxon (Pox), its active metabolite, were investigated in isolated, perfused rabbit lungs. Blood-free perfusate was recirculated through isolated and ventilated lungs in an isogravimetric state and in zone III conditions. The arterial/venous/double occlusion technique was used to divide the total vascular resistance (Rt) into four components: arterial, precapillary, postcapillary, and venous. The capillary filtration coefficient (Kfc) was evaluated by measuring the amount of fluid filtering through the endothelium when the arterial and venous pressures were suddenly increased. Pth and Pox induced pulmonary edema by increasing endothelium permeability without changing the hemodynamic parameters at any level of the vascular bed. The Kfc value increased progressively, reaching a maximum (Emax) 60 min after administration of organophosphate (558 ± 65% (n = 5) and 707 ± 109% (n = 5) of baseline values, for Pth and Pox, respectively). During the next 60 min, it decreased. The time course of Pox-induced changes in Kfc was similar to that obtained with Pth. The concentration-response curve (Emax) expressed as a percentage of the baseline value versus the logarithm of the malor Pth concentration, ranging from 2 × 10−5 to 4 × 10−4 image) was linear (y = 1661.1 + 327.3x, R = 0.89, p < 0.001, N = 14). Piperonyl butoxide (4 × 10−4 image), an inhibitor of cytochrome P450, had a strong protective effect against Pth (4 × 10−4 image)-induced alterations of endothelium permeability (n = 5, p < 0.001). The effects of Pox (4 × 10−4 image) on Kfc were completely abolished by pretreatment with 10−5 image atropine, as shown by the significantly lower Emax value recorded in atropine-pretreated lungs (129 ± 33%, n = 4) than in Pox-treated lungs (707 ± 109%, n = 5, p < 0.001). The effects of Pth, on the other hand, were only partially inhibited, since the Emax value recorded in atropine-pretreated lungs (196 ± 20%, n = 4) remained significantly higher than that recorded for control lungs (129 ± 15%; n = 5; p < 0.05). These results show that isolated and perfused rabbit lungs constitute and appropriate model for studying the direct pulmonary effects of organophosphates. The edema-inducing action of Pth depends on its activation by conversion to Pox in the lung tissue. It can be explained by an increase in endothelium permeability. This effect is mediated principally by muscarinic receptors [less ▲]

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See detailMeasurement of the total respiratory impedance using the forced oscillation technic in dogs with respiratory diseases
Clercx, Cécile ULiege; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Landser, F. J.

in 7rd IVENTA Meeting - Vienne - Octobre 1991 (1991)

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See detailThérapeutique des pathologies respiratoires aiguës des bovins
Lekeux, Pierre ULiege; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Desmecht, Daniel ULiege et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1991), 135

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See detailImpact de la pollution atmosphérique sur le système respiratoire. I : l’ammoniac
Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Urbain, B.; Ansay, M. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1991), 135

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See detailMétabolisme et toxicité pulmonaires des pesticides chez les mammifères
Delaunois, A.; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Ansay, M.

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1991), 135

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See detailLa résistance aux pesticides : mécanismes et prévention
Delaunois, A.; Gustin, Pascal ULiege; Ansay, M.

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1991), 135

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