L'Obésité et le surpoids chez les enfants et adolescents.
Counet, Laurence ; Guillaume, Michèle ; Gosset, Christiane
Poster (2006, March)Detailed reference viewed: 38 (7 ULg)
Formation de base en nutrition pour les PME - Phase pilote - Projet Cluster Nutrition
Guillaume, Michèle ; Gosset, Christiane ; Haterte, Stéphanie
Report (2005)Detailed reference viewed: 34 (15 ULg)
Mortalité, morbidité et facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire en Wallonie-Lorraine-Luxembourg. Recensement des données existantes, comparaison et premières conclusions
; ; et al
Report (2005)Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULg)
A web-based support system for the Belgian breast cancer screening program.
Husson, Eddy ; Albert, Adelin ; Guillaume, Michèle
Poster (2004)Detailed reference viewed: 8 (3 ULg)
Conception d'un support télématique à la mise en place du programme de dépistage du cancer du sein.
Husson, Eddy ; Guillaume, Michèle ; Duquesne, Patricia et al
Poster (2003)Detailed reference viewed: 23 (8 ULg)
Differences in associations of familial and nutritional factors with serum lipids between boys and girls: the Luxembourg Child Study.
Guillaume, Michèle ; ;
in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2000), 72(2), 384-8
BACKGROUND: Sex differences in the effects of genetic and environmental factors on circulating lipids have been examined mainly in adults, in whom the influences of sex steroid hormones are well known ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Sex differences in the effects of genetic and environmental factors on circulating lipids have been examined mainly in adults, in whom the influences of sex steroid hormones are well known. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the effect of sex on genetic and environmental influences on serum lipids in prepubertal boys and girls. DESIGN: Children aged 6-8, 8-10, and 10-12 y (n = 1028) were selected at random in the Belgian province of Luxembourg, a region in Europe with a high prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Blood glucose and serum cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and insulin concentrations were measured, and anthropometric data and blood pressure were recorded. Familial data were obtained from standardized questionnaires. Nutritional status was obtained from a 3-d record. Participation was 70.3% of the primary cohort. RESULTS: Cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and insulin values were among the highest recorded in studies of children. In girls, cholesterol correlated positively with the energy density of intake of saturated fat (r = 0.13, P = 0.001), cholesterol (r = 0.11, P = 0.006), and protein (r = 0.12, P = 0.007) and negatively with the ratio of polyunsaturated to saturated fat intake (r = -0.14, P = 0.001) and the energy density of carbohydrate intake (r = -0.11, P = 0.019). In boys, no such relations were found. Triacylglycerol was not significantly related to nutritional factors. Consistent, independent relations were found between reported elevated cholesterol concentrations in the parental and grandparental generation and cholesterol (r = 0.101, P = 0.011) and triacylglycerol (r = 0.09, P = 0.03) in boys. No such associations were found in girls. CONCLUSION: Environmental and genetic factors may have different effects on serum cholesterol in girls and boys. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (5 ULg)
Defining obesity in childhood: current practice.
in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1999), 70(1), 126-30
A survey of information from 26 countries was performed to examine the methods, cutoff points, and reference materials used to define obesity in childhood and adolescence. The body mass index (in kg/m2 ... [more ▼]
A survey of information from 26 countries was performed to examine the methods, cutoff points, and reference materials used to define obesity in childhood and adolescence. The body mass index (in kg/m2) was used frequently, as well as several other methods. Reference materials used were often based on national surveys, although reference data from other countries were sometimes used. The data presented was often insufficient to judge the representativeness of the reference material. Cutoff points varied considerably. Available data allow neither a meaningful international estimation of the prevalence of obesity nor international comparisons. Although associated with considerable problems, this situation can be improved with an international consensus which, by necessity, will be riddled with uncertainties and compromises. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 28 (8 ULg)
Socioeconomic and psychosocial conditions of parents and cardiovascular risk factors in their children: the Belgian Luxembourg Child Study III.
Guillaume, Michèle ; ; et al
in Acta Paediatrica (1999), 88(8), 866-73
Socioeconomic and psychosocial handicaps are often associated with disease. There is a large body of information on adults on such relationships, but data are sparse on children. In a cohort of 1028 boys ... [more ▼]
Socioeconomic and psychosocial handicaps are often associated with disease. There is a large body of information on adults on such relationships, but data are sparse on children. In a cohort of 1028 boys and girls, selected at random from school classes in Province de Luxembourg, a mainly rural area of Belgium, these problems were analysed in age strata of 6-8, 8-10, 10-12 years. Participation rate was 71%. Information was collected from questionnaires,. Anthropometric variables, blood pressure and glucose as well as cholesterol, triglycerides and insulin were measured in the children and related to the psychosocial and socioeconomic factors, organized into rural, psychosocial, socioeconomic and alcohol/smoking clusters of observations. Rural: Duration of living in the area of the child and parents correlated with diastolic blood pressure, particularly in boys (p < 0.01). Psychosocial: Housewives (p = 0.002) and their children (p = 0.002) had higher body mass indexes (BMI) than other mothers and their children. Sons of housewives also had higher blood pressure (systolic, p = 0.0007, diastolic, p = 0.007). Socioeconomic: Socioeconomic factors of parents (profession, unemployment) played relatively minor roles. Alcohol/smoking: Alcohol consumption was related to skinfold thickness in boys (p = 0.022), but not in girls. Girls, but not boys, with smoking parents had higher BMI (p=0.014). Multiple regression analyses suggested that psychosocial factors, such as housewives as mothers of large families, may be important for associations with cardiovascular risk factors in their children. There were apparent differences in the findings between girls and boys, suggesting that boys are more vulnerable to the impacts of the factors analysed. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)
L'excès pondéral et l'obésité chez l'enfant: Un réel problème de santé publique.
Guillaume, Michèle ;
in Revue de Médecine Générale [=RMG] (1999)Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Familial and socio-economic conditions in relation to cardiovascular risk factors in children. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study.
Guillaume, Michèle ; ;
in Acta Paediatrica (1999), 88Detailed reference viewed: 5 (3 ULg)
Differences in associations of fatness status, familial and nutritional factors with blood lipids between boys and girls.
in International Journal of Obesity (1998, August)Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Associations between health representation and BMI in a pediatric population
Guillaume, Michèle ;
in International Journal of Obesity (1998, August)Detailed reference viewed: 7 (2 ULg)
Etude de faisabilité pour la promotion du régime méditérranéen
Guillaume, Michèle ;
Report (1998)Detailed reference viewed: 1 (1 ULg)
Obesity and nutrition in children. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study IV.
Guillaume, Michèle ; ;
in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1998), 52(5), 323-8
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between nutritional and familial factors and obesity in boys and girls. DESIGN: Randomized, cross-sectional population study. SETTING: Province de Luxembourg, Belgium ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between nutritional and familial factors and obesity in boys and girls. DESIGN: Randomized, cross-sectional population study. SETTING: Province de Luxembourg, Belgium. Subjects: One thousand and twenty-eight boys and girls in age strata 6-8, 8-10 and 10-12 y, comprising 70.3% of primary cohort. METHODS: Examinations included anthropometric measurements and questionnaires covering familial, socioeconomic and psychosocial factors. A three day dietary record was obtained in 955 children. This was analysed in relation to the anthropometric data. RESULTS: In comparison with similar studies from other regions and recommended allowances, the intakes of total energy, fat, particularly saturated fat and cholesterol, were high, while consumption of carbohydrate and fiber was low, as well as the polyunsaturated/saturated ratio of fat. Total energy intake showed no or weakly significant correlations with anthropometric factors. However, total fat (P=0.045) and saturated fat (P=0.0005) intake showed consistent positive correlations with body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) and skinfold thickness, with corresponding negative relationships to carbohydrate intake (P=0.034) in boys. Such relationships were also found when calculated as energy density. These associations were not statistically significant in girls. The high fat, low carbohydrate pattern of the nutritional status seemed to be more pronounced in families where the father had a low level of education (lipids, boys, P=0.0007), and where both parents were obese (saturated fat, boys, P=0.023), suggesting involvement of socioeconomic and familial factors. CONCLUSION: The lack of correlation between factors indicating obesity and total energy intake suggests that the positive energy balance causing obesity is due mainly to a low energy output. However, since energy intake measurements are imprecise, overeating can not be excluded, particularly since elevated consumption of food with high contents of fat, found in these children seems to be poorly regulated. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Obesity and nutrition. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study
in International Journal of Obesity (1997, June)Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Mise au point d'un curriculum de formation en éducation à la santé pour les diététiciens
Guillaume, Michèle ;
Report (1997)Detailed reference viewed: 2 (1 ULg)