References of "Guillaume, Michèle"
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See detailSocioeconomic and psychosocial conditions of parents and cardiovascular risk factors in their children: the Belgian Luxembourg Child Study III.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lapidus, L.; Lambert, A. et al

in Acta Paediatrica (1999), 88(8), 866-73

Socioeconomic and psychosocial handicaps are often associated with disease. There is a large body of information on adults on such relationships, but data are sparse on children. In a cohort of 1028 boys ... [more ▼]

Socioeconomic and psychosocial handicaps are often associated with disease. There is a large body of information on adults on such relationships, but data are sparse on children. In a cohort of 1028 boys and girls, selected at random from school classes in Province de Luxembourg, a mainly rural area of Belgium, these problems were analysed in age strata of 6-8, 8-10, 10-12 years. Participation rate was 71%. Information was collected from questionnaires,. Anthropometric variables, blood pressure and glucose as well as cholesterol, triglycerides and insulin were measured in the children and related to the psychosocial and socioeconomic factors, organized into rural, psychosocial, socioeconomic and alcohol/smoking clusters of observations. Rural: Duration of living in the area of the child and parents correlated with diastolic blood pressure, particularly in boys (p < 0.01). Psychosocial: Housewives (p = 0.002) and their children (p = 0.002) had higher body mass indexes (BMI) than other mothers and their children. Sons of housewives also had higher blood pressure (systolic, p = 0.0007, diastolic, p = 0.007). Socioeconomic: Socioeconomic factors of parents (profession, unemployment) played relatively minor roles. Alcohol/smoking: Alcohol consumption was related to skinfold thickness in boys (p = 0.022), but not in girls. Girls, but not boys, with smoking parents had higher BMI (p=0.014). Multiple regression analyses suggested that psychosocial factors, such as housewives as mothers of large families, may be important for associations with cardiovascular risk factors in their children. There were apparent differences in the findings between girls and boys, suggesting that boys are more vulnerable to the impacts of the factors analysed. [less ▲]

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See detailL'excès pondéral et l'obésité chez l'enfant: Un réel problème de santé publique.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Burniat, W.

in Revue de Médecine Générale [=RMG] (1999)

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See detailL'Obésité chez l'enfant.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Burniat, W.

in ONE (1998)

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See detailAssociations between health representation and BMI in a pediatric population
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Burnotte, C.

in International Journal of Obesity (1998, August)

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See detailEtude de faisabilité pour la promotion du régime méditérranéen
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Burnotte, C.

Report (1998)

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See detailObesity and nutrition in children. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study IV.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lapidus, L.; Lambert, A.

in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1998), 52(5), 323-8

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between nutritional and familial factors and obesity in boys and girls. DESIGN: Randomized, cross-sectional population study. SETTING: Province de Luxembourg, Belgium ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between nutritional and familial factors and obesity in boys and girls. DESIGN: Randomized, cross-sectional population study. SETTING: Province de Luxembourg, Belgium. Subjects: One thousand and twenty-eight boys and girls in age strata 6-8, 8-10 and 10-12 y, comprising 70.3% of primary cohort. METHODS: Examinations included anthropometric measurements and questionnaires covering familial, socioeconomic and psychosocial factors. A three day dietary record was obtained in 955 children. This was analysed in relation to the anthropometric data. RESULTS: In comparison with similar studies from other regions and recommended allowances, the intakes of total energy, fat, particularly saturated fat and cholesterol, were high, while consumption of carbohydrate and fiber was low, as well as the polyunsaturated/saturated ratio of fat. Total energy intake showed no or weakly significant correlations with anthropometric factors. However, total fat (P=0.045) and saturated fat (P=0.0005) intake showed consistent positive correlations with body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) and skinfold thickness, with corresponding negative relationships to carbohydrate intake (P=0.034) in boys. Such relationships were also found when calculated as energy density. These associations were not statistically significant in girls. The high fat, low carbohydrate pattern of the nutritional status seemed to be more pronounced in families where the father had a low level of education (lipids, boys, P=0.0007), and where both parents were obese (saturated fat, boys, P=0.023), suggesting involvement of socioeconomic and familial factors. CONCLUSION: The lack of correlation between factors indicating obesity and total energy intake suggests that the positive energy balance causing obesity is due mainly to a low energy output. However, since energy intake measurements are imprecise, overeating can not be excluded, particularly since elevated consumption of food with high contents of fat, found in these children seems to be poorly regulated. [less ▲]

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See detailL'enfant obèse: actualités.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Van Aelst, C.; Burniat, W.

in ONE (1998)

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See detailObesity and nutrition. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study
Guillaume, Michèle ULg

in International Journal of Obesity (1997, June)

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See detailObesity in children. Short summary
Guillaume, Michèle ULg

in End. News (1997)

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See detailPhysical activity and cardiovascular risk factors in children. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lapidus, L.; Bjorntorp, P.

in Obesity Research (1997)

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See detailObesity and nutrition. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lapidus, L.; Beckers, F. et al

in Obesity Research (1997)

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See detailPhysical activity, obesity, and cardiovascular risk factors in children. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study II.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lapidus, L.; Bjondorp, P. et al

in Obesity Research (1997), 5(6), 549-56

Physical activity was measured in relation to cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in a randomly selected population of 1028 children from Province de Luxembourg in Belgium, a mainly rural area with a high ... [more ▼]

Physical activity was measured in relation to cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in a randomly selected population of 1028 children from Province de Luxembourg in Belgium, a mainly rural area with a high prevalence of such risk factors among adults and children. Physical activity was estimated as participation in sport activities, a major indicator of leisure-time physical activity in schoolchildren, and physical inactivity was estimated as frequency and duration of television (TV) watching. Boys participated more frequently in sport activities than girls did (p = 0.001). A majority of the children watched TV daily. After age adjustment, bodyweight (girls, p < 0.012; boys, p < 0.027) and, in boys, body mass index (BMI) (p < 0.039) were related to days per week of TV watching. No significant relationships with other CV risk factors remained after adjustments for BMI. In analyses of independent contributions of age, TV watching, and sports activity on CV risk factors, age showed highly significant relationships. In boys, TV showed relationships with BMI (p < 0.04) and (borderline) with systolic blood pressure, independent of age and sports activity, whereas the latter was significantly related to subscapular skinfold (p < 0.04) and (borderline) with triceps skinfold and cholesterol. In girls, no significant independent contributions to risk factor associations were found. The father's education was directly associated with sports activities, whereas the mother being a housewife showed negative relationships to physical activity and positive to TV watching in their children, suggesting socioeconomic influence on the activity patterns of children. Furthermore, registrations suggested less physical activity in the most rural part of the area. It is concluded that children in this mainly rural area watch TV frequently. In boys, physical inactivity, measured both as TV watching and as registrations of sports activities, contributes independently to body fat mass. In girls, no contribution or weaker contributions of physical inactivity were found. This suggests that contributory factors leading to obesity might be different in girls and boys. [less ▲]

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See detailObesity in children. Environmental and genetic Aspects
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Bjorntorp, P.

in Hormone and Metabolic Research. Supplement Series (1996), 28

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See detailHigh prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in children from the Belgian Luxembourg province. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lapidus, L.; Beckers, F. et al

in American Journal of Epidemiology (1996)

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See detailCardiovascular risk factors in children from the Belgian province of Luxembourg. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lapidus, L.; Beckers, L. et al

in American Journal of Epidemiology (1996), 144(9), 867-80

The Province of Luxembourg is an area in Belgium with a high prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus among adults. In the present study, children ... [more ▼]

The Province of Luxembourg is an area in Belgium with a high prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus among adults. In the present study, children in the age groups 6-8, 8-10, and 10-12 years were selected at random from school classes (n = 1,028), with a participation rate of 70.3%. Anthropometric factors, blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose, plasma cholesterol, triglyceride, and insulin levels were measured in 1992. All anthropometric and metabolic variables increased with age, except for waist: hip circumference ratio in boys and cholesterol in girls. In the oldest group, girls who had passed menarche were taller and heavier and had greater skinfold, body mass index, insulin, and systolic blood pressure values but lower total cholesterol levels and waist: hip ratios than girls who had not passed menarche. Boys had lower skinfolds and higher waist: hip ratios than girls in all age groups, and were significantly shorter and lighter in the oldest age group. There was no difference in body mass index between the two sexes. Girls had higher triglyceride and insulin levels in the 10- to 12-year age group, lower blood glucose values in the 8-10 and 10-12 age groups, and lower diastolic blood pressures in the 8-10 age group. Obesity, blood glucose, triglycerides, insulin, and blood pressure were highly interrelated. Cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, and blood pressure values were all among the highest of values previously reported in other studies. The deciles of body mass index above 50 appeared to be particularly elevated, suggesting that obesity, when present, was pronounced in this population of children. These findings suggest an accumulation of genetic susceptibility to cardiovascular disease and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in this stable, ethnically homogeneous, and rather isolated part of continental Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailApple and health
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Sablé, R.

Report (1995)

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