References of "Guillaume, Michèle"
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See detailEtude épidémiologique des comportements alimentaires au service de la promotion de la santé
Lair, ML; Alkerwi, A; Couffignal, S et al

Conference (2009)

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See detailAlcohol consumption and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome: a meta-analysis of observational studies.
Alkerwi, Ala'a; Boutsen, Michel; Vaillant, Michel et al

in Atherosclerosis (2009), 204(2), 624-35

BACKGROUND: In the past two decades, the metabolic syndrome has given rise to much clinical and research interest. The broad overlap of alcohol consumption with different components of metabolic syndrome ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In the past two decades, the metabolic syndrome has given rise to much clinical and research interest. The broad overlap of alcohol consumption with different components of metabolic syndrome makes alcohol-metabolic syndrome relationship a controversial topic. OBJECTIVES: To support the evidence available about the relationship between alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome as a comprehensive clinical entity, as well as to identify the gender-specific dose-response, by performing a meta-analysis based on information from published data. METHODS: Manual and computer searches in different bibliographic databases were performed to identify the relevant scientific publications, on the relation between alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome. Alcohol intake was converted into a same unit (g/day) and then categorized using standard classification in order to provide relevant comparisons. Fixed and random effects models were used to aggregate individual odds ratios and to derive pooled estimates and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: Fourteen relevant publications were identified on the relation between alcohol consumption and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. 7 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that alcohol consumption of less than 40 g/day in men and 20 g/day in women significantly reduced the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSION: "Responsible alcohol intake" appears to be associated with a reduced prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Favorable metabolic effect seemed to be restricted to alcohol consumption of less than 20 g/day among women, and of less than 40 g/day among men. These findings support the actual recommendations regarding alcohol consumption among apparently healthy people. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of participants and non-participants to the ORISCAV-LUX population-based study on cardiovascular risk factors in Luxembourg
Alkerwi, A; Sauvageot, N; Couffignal, S et al

in Atherosclerosis. Supplements (2009), 204(2), 624-635

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See detailL'excès pondéral et l'obésité chez l'enfant
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Burniat, W

in ONE (Ed.) Prévention et petite enfance : guide de médecine préventive du nourrisson et du jeune enfant (2004)

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See detailEpidemiology
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lissau, I

in Burniat, W; Cole, TJ; Lissau, I (Eds.) et al Child and Adolescent Obesity (2002)

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See detailDifferences in associations of familial and nutritional factors with serum lipids between boys and girls: the Luxembourg Child Study.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lapidus, L.; Lambert, A.

in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2000), 72(2), 384-8

BACKGROUND: Sex differences in the effects of genetic and environmental factors on circulating lipids have been examined mainly in adults, in whom the influences of sex steroid hormones are well known ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Sex differences in the effects of genetic and environmental factors on circulating lipids have been examined mainly in adults, in whom the influences of sex steroid hormones are well known. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the effect of sex on genetic and environmental influences on serum lipids in prepubertal boys and girls. DESIGN: Children aged 6-8, 8-10, and 10-12 y (n = 1028) were selected at random in the Belgian province of Luxembourg, a region in Europe with a high prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Blood glucose and serum cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and insulin concentrations were measured, and anthropometric data and blood pressure were recorded. Familial data were obtained from standardized questionnaires. Nutritional status was obtained from a 3-d record. Participation was 70.3% of the primary cohort. RESULTS: Cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and insulin values were among the highest recorded in studies of children. In girls, cholesterol correlated positively with the energy density of intake of saturated fat (r = 0.13, P = 0.001), cholesterol (r = 0.11, P = 0.006), and protein (r = 0.12, P = 0.007) and negatively with the ratio of polyunsaturated to saturated fat intake (r = -0.14, P = 0.001) and the energy density of carbohydrate intake (r = -0.11, P = 0.019). In boys, no such relations were found. Triacylglycerol was not significantly related to nutritional factors. Consistent, independent relations were found between reported elevated cholesterol concentrations in the parental and grandparental generation and cholesterol (r = 0.101, P = 0.011) and triacylglycerol (r = 0.09, P = 0.03) in boys. No such associations were found in girls. CONCLUSION: Environmental and genetic factors may have different effects on serum cholesterol in girls and boys. [less ▲]

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See detailDefining obesity in childhood: current practice.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg

in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1999), 70(1), 126-30

A survey of information from 26 countries was performed to examine the methods, cutoff points, and reference materials used to define obesity in childhood and adolescence. The body mass index (in kg/m2 ... [more ▼]

A survey of information from 26 countries was performed to examine the methods, cutoff points, and reference materials used to define obesity in childhood and adolescence. The body mass index (in kg/m2) was used frequently, as well as several other methods. Reference materials used were often based on national surveys, although reference data from other countries were sometimes used. The data presented was often insufficient to judge the representativeness of the reference material. Cutoff points varied considerably. Available data allow neither a meaningful international estimation of the prevalence of obesity nor international comparisons. Although associated with considerable problems, this situation can be improved with an international consensus which, by necessity, will be riddled with uncertainties and compromises. [less ▲]

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See detailSocioeconomic and psychosocial conditions of parents and cardiovascular risk factors in their children: the Belgian Luxembourg Child Study III.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lapidus, L.; Lambert, A. et al

in Acta Paediatrica (1999), 88(8), 866-73

Socioeconomic and psychosocial handicaps are often associated with disease. There is a large body of information on adults on such relationships, but data are sparse on children. In a cohort of 1028 boys ... [more ▼]

Socioeconomic and psychosocial handicaps are often associated with disease. There is a large body of information on adults on such relationships, but data are sparse on children. In a cohort of 1028 boys and girls, selected at random from school classes in Province de Luxembourg, a mainly rural area of Belgium, these problems were analysed in age strata of 6-8, 8-10, 10-12 years. Participation rate was 71%. Information was collected from questionnaires,. Anthropometric variables, blood pressure and glucose as well as cholesterol, triglycerides and insulin were measured in the children and related to the psychosocial and socioeconomic factors, organized into rural, psychosocial, socioeconomic and alcohol/smoking clusters of observations. Rural: Duration of living in the area of the child and parents correlated with diastolic blood pressure, particularly in boys (p < 0.01). Psychosocial: Housewives (p = 0.002) and their children (p = 0.002) had higher body mass indexes (BMI) than other mothers and their children. Sons of housewives also had higher blood pressure (systolic, p = 0.0007, diastolic, p = 0.007). Socioeconomic: Socioeconomic factors of parents (profession, unemployment) played relatively minor roles. Alcohol/smoking: Alcohol consumption was related to skinfold thickness in boys (p = 0.022), but not in girls. Girls, but not boys, with smoking parents had higher BMI (p=0.014). Multiple regression analyses suggested that psychosocial factors, such as housewives as mothers of large families, may be important for associations with cardiovascular risk factors in their children. There were apparent differences in the findings between girls and boys, suggesting that boys are more vulnerable to the impacts of the factors analysed. [less ▲]

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See detailL'excès pondéral et l'obésité chez l'enfant: Un réel problème de santé publique.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Burniat, W.

in Revue de Médecine Générale [=RMG] (1999)

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See detailL'Obésité chez l'enfant.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Burniat, W.

in ONE (1998)

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