References of "Ghuysen, Alexandre"
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See detailModel-based diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism - results from a porcine model
Desaive, Thomas ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Kolh, Philippe ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2008), 34(suppl. 1), 78

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See detailDissection isolée de l'artère mésentérique supérieure : à propos d'un cas
Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Meunier, Paul ULg; Van Damme, Hendrik ULg et al

in Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angeiologie (2008), 57(4), 238-42

We report the case of a 38-year-old man admitted at the emergency department for abdominal pain of abrupt onset. Computed tomographic examination revealed a spontaneous isolated dissection of the superior ... [more ▼]

We report the case of a 38-year-old man admitted at the emergency department for abdominal pain of abrupt onset. Computed tomographic examination revealed a spontaneous isolated dissection of the superior mesenteric artery and an anevrysm of the coeliac artery caused by the arcuate ligament. Outcome was favorable under conservative medical treatment and a three months follow-up was uneventful. This observation offers the opportunity to present recent insights concerning this pathology. [less ▲]

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See detailL'image du mois. Une ingestion indigeste"."
Jobe, Jérôme ULg; Brasseur, Edmond ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(2), 57-8

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See detailModel-based identification and diagnosis of a porcine model of induced endotoxic shock with hemofiltration
Starfinger, C.; Chase, J. G.; Hann, C. E. et al

in Mathematical Biosciences (2008), 216(2), 132-139

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See detailAlteration of Right Ventricular-Pulmonary Vascular Coupling in a Porcine Model of Progressive Pressure Overloading
Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Kolh, Philippe ULg et al

in Shock (Augusta, Ga.) (2008), 29(2), 197-204

In acute pulmonary embolism, right ventricular (RV) failure may result from exceeding myocardial contractile resources with respect to the state of vascular afterload. We investigated the adaptation of RV ... [more ▼]

In acute pulmonary embolism, right ventricular (RV) failure may result from exceeding myocardial contractile resources with respect to the state of vascular afterload. We investigated the adaptation of RV performance in a porcine model of progressive pulmonary embolism. Twelve anesthetized pigs were randomly divided into two groups: gradual pulmonary arterial pressure increases by three injections of autologous blood clot (n = 6) or sham-operated controls (n = 6). Right ventricular pressure-volume (PV) loops were recorded using a conductance catheter. Right ventricular contractility was estimated by the slope of the end-systolic PV relationship (Ees). Afterload was referred to as pulmonary arterial elastance (Ea) and assessed using a four-element Windkessel model. Right ventricular-arterial coupling (Ees/Ea) and efficiency of energy transfer (from PV area to external mechanical work [stroke work]) were assessed at baseline and every 30 min for 4 h. Eaincreased progressively after embolization, from 0.26 +/- 0.04 to 2.2 +/- 0.7 mmHg mL (P < 0.05). Ees increased from 1.01 +/-0.07 to 2.35 +/- 0.27 mmHg mL (P < 0.05) after the first two injections but failed to increase any further. As a result, Ees/Ea initially decreased to values associated with optimal SW, but the last injection was responsible for Ees/Ea values less than 1, decreased stroke volume, and RV dilation. Stroke work/PV area consistently decreased with each injection from 79% +/- 3% to 39% +/- 11% (P < 0.05). In response to gradual increases in afterload, RV contractility reserve was recruited to a point of optimal coupling but submaximal efficiency. Further afterload increases led to RV-vascular uncoupling and failure. [less ▲]

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See detailModel-based detection of pulmonary embolism using an extended physiologically relevant, cardiovascular model
Kok, K.; Starfinger, C.; Hann, C. E. et al

in Proceedings of Engineering & Physical Sciences in Medicine and Australian Biomedical Engineering Conference (EPSM ABEC 2008) (2008)

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See detailModel-based analysis of induced endotoxic shock in pigs with and without hemofiltration,
Kok, K.; Starfinger, C.; Hann, C. E. et al

in Prodeedings of the Engineering & Physical Sciences in Medicine and Australian Biomedical Engineering Conference (EPSM ABEC 2008 (2008)

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See detailImproving model-based cardiac diagnosis with an ECG
Hann, C. E.; Chase, J. G.; Desaive, Thomas ULg et al

in Proceedings (CD) of the 4th European Congress for Medical and Biomedical Engineering (eMBEC 2008), Antwerp, Belgium, Nov 23-27, 2008 (2008)

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See detailModel-Based Assessment of Right Ventricular Arterial Coupling During Septic Shock – Results With a Porcine Model
Desaive, Thomas ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Janssen, N. et al

in Proceedings of the 21st European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) Annual Congress, September 21-24, 2008, Lisbon, Portugal (2008)

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See detailComment je traite... une intoxication au paracetamol.
Bertrand, Xavier ULg; Brasseur, Edmond ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(7-8), 465-8

Drug self-poisoning is a common cause of admission in ED. Among various incriminated substances, paracetamol is often implicated and presents a severe toxicity. We briefly describe the epidemiology and ... [more ▼]

Drug self-poisoning is a common cause of admission in ED. Among various incriminated substances, paracetamol is often implicated and presents a severe toxicity. We briefly describe the epidemiology and physiopathology of paracetamol self-poisoning. We then clarify the diagnostic elements, thresholds of toxicity, indications for treatment and different available therapeutic guidelines. [less ▲]

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See detailL'image du mois. Larva migrans cutanee.
Hick, Sybilla ULg; Brasseur, Edmond ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(9), 521-2

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See detailL'image du mois. Dissection aortique avec hemopéricarde
Secco, Daniel ULg; Brasseur, Edmond ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(9), 534-5

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See detailLevosimendan: Right for the right ventricle?
Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Harstein, Gary et al

in Critical Care Medicine (2007), 35(8), 1995-1996

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See detailModel-based cardiac diagnosis of pulmonary embolism
Starfinger, C.; Hann, C. E.; Chase, J. G. et al

in Computer Methods & Programs in Biomedicine (2007), 87(1), 46-60

A minimal cardiac model has been shown to accurately capture a wide range of cardiovascular system dynamics commonly seen in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, standard parameter identification ... [more ▼]

A minimal cardiac model has been shown to accurately capture a wide range of cardiovascular system dynamics commonly seen in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, standard parameter identification methods for this model are highly non-linear and non-convex, hindering real-time clinical application. An integral-based identification method that transforms the problem into a linear, convex problem, has been previously developed, but was only applied on continuous simulated data with random noise. This paper extends the method to handle discrete sets of clinical data, unmodelled dynamics, a significantly reduced data set theta requires only the minimum and maximum values of the pressure in the aorta, pulmonary artery and the volumes in the ventricles. The importance of integrals in the formulation for noise reduction is illustrated by demonstrating instability in the identification using simple derivative-based approaches. The cardiovascular system (CVS) model and parameter identification method are then clinically validated on porcine data for pulmonary embolism. Errors for the identified model are within 10% when re-simulated and compared to clinical data. All identified parameter trends match clinically expected changes. This work represents the first clinical validation of these models, methods and approach to cardiovascular diagnosis in critical care. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailProblematique Liee aux transferts medicalises secondaires en Belgique: l'experience developpee au CHU de Liege
Brasseur, Edmond ULg; Micheels, Jean ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(2), 97-102

Evaluation of the aid of an emergency mobile unit to transfer monitorized patients to a University hospital, in the political context of regional care network offering highly qualified but restricted ... [more ▼]

Evaluation of the aid of an emergency mobile unit to transfer monitorized patients to a University hospital, in the political context of regional care network offering highly qualified but restricted tertiary area centres, and an open prospective study conducted over the 5 first months in 2006. The call regulation was assessed by the emergency physician of the transfer team and all missions were concluded with an evaluating report. An amount of 197 requests were taken into account from which 80 % were addressed between 8 am and 8 pm. The mean average time interval for missions was 59 minutes (base to base) and the distance covered was 20.7 km as a mean. In essence, indications for medical secondary transfer regarded patients in need for acute coronary care (42.6%), specific intensive care (26.4%) and neurosurgical interventions (19.3%). We noted that endotracheal intubation occurred in only one case. Mortality during such a transfer activity was absent. Medical transfer unit allows the development of specific high qualified network resources owing to the secondary addressee of patients. However, the weak incidence of complication questions the practice of systematic medical accompanying during such transfers. [less ▲]

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See detailCardiovascular haemodynamics and ventriculo-arterial coupling in an acute pig model of coronary ischaemia-reperfusion
Lanoye, Lieve; Segers, Patrick; Tchana-Sato, Vincent ULg et al

in Experimental Physiology (2007), 92(1), 127-137

Although reperfusion after coronary occlusion is mandatory for myocardial salvage, reperfusion may trigger a cascade of harmful events (reperfusion injury) adding to myocardial injury. We investigated ... [more ▼]

Although reperfusion after coronary occlusion is mandatory for myocardial salvage, reperfusion may trigger a cascade of harmful events (reperfusion injury) adding to myocardial injury. We investigated effects of reperfusion on left ventricular (LV) haemodynamics and ventriculo-arterial (VA) coupling in pigs following acute myocardial ischaemia induced by coronary artery occlusion. Experiments were performed in six animals, with measurements of cardiac and arterial function at baseline, after 60 min of ischaemia (T60) and after 2 (T180) and 4 h of reperfusion (T300). Ventriculo-arterial coupling was assessed using the ventriculo-arterial elastance ratio of paper, as well as using a 'stiffness coupling' and 'temporal coupling' index. Reperfusion following ischaemia (T180 versus T60) induced a progressive decline in cardiovascular function, evidenced by a decrease in mean arterial blood pressure, cardiac output and ejection fraction which was not restored at T300. Although reperfusion also induced an increase in slope of the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship (ESPVR), the ESPVR curve shifted to the right, associated with a depression of contractile function. Histology demonstrated irreversible myocardial damage at T300. The ventriculo-arterial elastance ratio and the 'stiffness coupling' index were unaffected throughout the protocol, but the 'temporal coupling' parameter indicated a relative shift between heart period and the time constant of the arterial system. It is unlikely that these alterations are attributable to ischaemic injury alone. The combination of both the stiffness and temporal coupling index may provide more information when studying ventriculo-arterial coupling than the more commonly used ventricular end-systolic stiffness/effection arterial elastance (E-es/E-a) ratio. [less ▲]

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