References of "Frère, Jean-Marie"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBeta-lactamases (Actinomycetes species)
Johnson, Kenneth; Duez, Colette ULg; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Methods in Enzymology (1975), XLIII

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInteraction between beta-lactam antibiotics and exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase of Streptomyces R61
Frère, Jean-Marie ULg; Leyh-Bouille, Mélina; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in European Journal of Biochemistry (1974), 50(1), 203-214

On the basis of steady-state kinetics, inhibition of the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase-trans-peptidase of Streptomyces R61 by β-lactam antibiotics was competitive with regard to the donor substrate ... [more ▼]

On the basis of steady-state kinetics, inhibition of the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase-trans-peptidase of Streptomyces R61 by β-lactam antibiotics was competitive with regard to the donor substrate. However, the complexes formed between the Streptomyces R61 enzyme and various β-lactam antibiotics were relatively stable, exhibiting half-lives of 40 to 80 min at 37°C and neutral pH. During breakdown of the complexes the protein underwent reactivation, whereas the released antibiotic molecule was chemically altered. With [14C]benzylpenicillin, the released compound was neither benzylpenicillin nor benzylpenicilloic acid. The properties of the Streptomyces R61 enzyme β-lactam antibiotic complexes were compared with those of the complexes formed between the same antibiotics and either the membrane-bound transpeptidase from Streptomyces R61 or the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase of Streptomyces R39. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular weight, amino acid composition and physicochemical properties of the exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase of Streptomyces R39
Frère, Jean-Marie ULg; Moreno, Ramon; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg

in Biochemical Journal (1974), 143(1), 233-240

The exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R39 was purified to protein homogeneity and in milligram amounts. The isolated enzyme consisted of one polypeptide chain of molecular ... [more ▼]

The exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R39 was purified to protein homogeneity and in milligram amounts. The isolated enzyme consisted of one polypeptide chain of molecular weight about 53300. Its amino acid composition and several physicochemical properties were determined and compared with those of the exo-cellular dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R61. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffects of donor and acceptor peptides on concomitant hydrolysis and transfer reactions catalyzed by the exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R39
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Reynolds, Peter E.; Perkins, Harnold R. et al

in Biochemistry (1974), 13(12), 2539-2547

The exocellular R39 DD-carboxypeptidase-trans-peptidase catalyzes bimolecular transfer reactions concomitantly with the hydrolysis of the peptide donor. Some of the transfer reactions studied have led to ... [more ▼]

The exocellular R39 DD-carboxypeptidase-trans-peptidase catalyzes bimolecular transfer reactions concomitantly with the hydrolysis of the peptide donor. Some of the transfer reactions studied have led to the synthesis of peptide dimers identical with or very similar to those found in the completed wall peptidoglycans of bacteria. Under conditions of nonsaturation of the donor site of the enzyme by the peptide donor, the increase of the rate of transfer caused by increasing concentrations of acceptor peptide is lower than can be accounted for by the decrease of the rate of hydrolysis, resulting in a progressive decrease of the total activity of the enzyme. Under conditions of saturation of the donor site of the enzyme by the peptide donor, the proportion of the enzyme activity which is diverted from the hydrolysis pathway because of the presence of low concentrations of peptide acceptor, is entirely channeled into the transfer pathway. The rate of the total reaction is equal to the maximal rate of hydrolysis of the peptide donor in the absence of peptide acceptor [i.e., the VHy(H2O) max value]. High concentrations of some peptide acceptors (nonamidated peptide) cause an increase of the rate of transfer higher than the decrease of the rate of hydrolysis. The rate of total reaction then exceeds the VHy(H2O) max value. The transfer reaction itself can be inhibited by an excess of some peptide acceptors (Glu-amidated peptide). The less the enzyme is saturated by the peptide donor, the lower is the concentration of peptide acceptor at which inhibition of the transfer reaction starts to occur. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe penicillin receptor in Streptomyces
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Leyh-Bouille, M.; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1974), 235

Kinetics and optical studies of Streptomyces DD-carboxypeptidases-transpeptidases led to the conclusion that the donor, acceptor, and penicillin sites on these enzymes are different but not independent ... [more ▼]

Kinetics and optical studies of Streptomyces DD-carboxypeptidases-transpeptidases led to the conclusion that the donor, acceptor, and penicillin sites on these enzymes are different but not independent and that penicillin acts as a modifier of the conformation of the protein. In the presence of penicillin, the penicillin-sensitive enzymes would be frozen in a conformation that prevents catalytic activity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComment la Pénicilline tue les bactéries
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Leyh-Bouille, Mélina; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Annales de Microbiologie (1974), 125 B(2), 209-210

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe penicillin Target in Bacteria
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Leyh-Bouille, Mélina; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Spencer, B. (Ed.) Industrial Aspects of Biochemistry (FEBS Proceedings) (1974)

The bacterial target of beta-lactam antibiotics consists of a set of multiple, membrane-bound receptors. Some of them have been characterized as DD-carboxypeptidases. The DD-carboxypeptidases catalyse the ... [more ▼]

The bacterial target of beta-lactam antibiotics consists of a set of multiple, membrane-bound receptors. Some of them have been characterized as DD-carboxypeptidases. The DD-carboxypeptidases catalyse the opening of amide bonds and transfer the carbonyl carbon to an exogenous nucleophile, and are specifically designed to operate on the D-Ala-D-Ala linkageof L-R-D-Ala-D-Ala terminated peptides (where R is most often a diamino acid residue). The R61, R39 and several Bacilli DD-carboxypeptidases are known to be serine-enzymes and the G DD-carboxypeptidase has been characterized as a metallo (Zn ions) enzyme. Both the R61 and the G enzymes have been crystallized. In turn, the S. faecalis 43,000-Mr DD-carboxypeptidase, which is inhibited by low dose levels of pCMB, might be a thiol-enzyme. The goal pursued is the understanding of the mechanistic properties and functioning of the active centers of the DD-carboxypeptidases at the molecular and atomic levels. The research program involves 1) further characterization of the S. faecalis enzyme (which can be obtained in a water-soluble form); 2) isolation of various Streptomyces membrane-bound enzymes in a truly water-soluble form; 3) sequencing of the G and R61 enzymes; 4) the 2.8 A structure analysis of the G enzyme. (A similar study is conducted by Dr. J.R. Knox at the University of Connecticut, on the R61 enzyme, which enzyme is prepared and purified in this laboratory and then sent to Storrs); 5) conformational studies and quantitative structure activity relationships (QSAR). Source du résumé : http://www.researchcrossroads.org/index.php?view=article&id=50%3Agrant-details&option=com_content&Itemid=64&grant_id=4296130 [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBinding of beta-lactam antibiotics to the exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase of Streptomyces R39
Frère, Jean-Marie ULg; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Reynolds, Peter E. et al

in Biochemical Journal (1974), 143(1), 241-249

Benzylpenicillin and cephaloridine reacted with the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R39 to form equimolar and inactive antibiotic-enzyme complexes. At saturation, the ... [more ▼]

Benzylpenicillin and cephaloridine reacted with the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R39 to form equimolar and inactive antibiotic-enzyme complexes. At saturation, the molar ratio of chromogenic cephalosporin 87-312 to enzyme was 1.3:1, but this discrepancy might be due to a lack of accuracy in the measurement of the antibiotic. Spectrophotometric studies showed that binding of cephaloridine and cephalosporin 87-312 to the enzyme caused opening of their beta-lactam rings. Benzylpenicillin and cephalosporin 87-312 competed for the same site on the free enzyme, suggesting that binding of benzylpenicillin also resulted in the opening of its beta-lactam ring. In Tris-NaCl-MgCl(2) buffer at pH7.7 and 37 degrees C, the rate constants for the dissociation of the antibiotic-enzyme complexes were 2.8x10(-6), 1.5x10(-6) and 0.63x10(-6)s(-1) (half-lives 70, 130 and 300h) for benzylpenicillin, cephalosporin 87-312 and cephaloridine respectively. During the process, the protein underwent reactivation. The enzyme that was regenerated from its complex with benzylpenicillin was as sensitive to fresh benzylpenicillin as the native enzyme. With [(14)C]benzylpenicillin, the released radioactive compound was neither benzylpenicillin nor benzylpenicilloic acid. The Streptomyces R39 enzyme thus behaved as a beta-lactam-antibiotic-destroying enzyme but did not function as a beta-lactamase. Incubation at 37 degrees C in 0.01m-phosphate buffer, pH7.0, and in the same buffer supplemented with sodium dodecyl sulphate caused a more rapid reversion of the [(14)C]benzylpenicillin-enzyme complex. The rate constants were 1.6x10(-5)s(-1) and 0.8x10(-4)s(-1) respectively. Under these conditions, however, there was no concomitant reactivation of the enzyme and the released radioactive compound(s) appeared not to be the same as before. The Streptomyces R39 enzyme and the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R61 appeared to differ from each other with regard to the topography of their penicillin-binding site. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailKinetics of concomitant transfer and hydrolysis reactions catalysed by the exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase of streptomyces R61
Frère, Jean-Marie ULg; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Perkins, Harnold R. et al

in Biochemical Journal (1973), 135(3), 483-492

When Ac(2)-l-Lys-d-Ala-d-Ala and either meso-diaminopimelic acid or Gly-l-Ala are exposed to the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase of Streptomyces R61, transpeptidation reactions yielding Ac ... [more ▼]

When Ac(2)-l-Lys-d-Ala-d-Ala and either meso-diaminopimelic acid or Gly-l-Ala are exposed to the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase of Streptomyces R61, transpeptidation reactions yielding Ac(2)-l-Lys-d-Ala-(d)-meso- diaminopimelic acid and Ac(2)-l-Lys-d-Ala-Gly-l-Ala occur concomitantly with the hydrolysis of the tripeptide into Ac(2)-l-Lys-d-Ala. The proportion of the enzyme activity which can be channelled in the transpeptidation and the hydrolysis pathways depends upon the pH and the polarity of the environment. Transpeptidation is favoured both by increasing the pH and by decreasing the water content of the reaction mixtures. Kinetics suggest that the reactions proceed through an ordered mechanism in which the acceptor molecule (meso-diaminopimelic acid or Gly-l-Ala) binds first to the enzyme. Both acceptors behave as non-competitive inhibitors of the hydrolysis pathway. Transpeptidation is inhibited by high concentrations of Gly-l-Ala but not by high concentrations of meso-diaminopimelic acid. The occurrence on the enzyme of an additional inhibitory binding site for Gly-l-Ala is suggested. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular weight and amino acid composition of the exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase of Streptomyces R61
Frère, Jean-Marie ULg; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Perkins, Harnold R. et al

in Biochemical Journal (1973), 135(3), 463-468

A procedure allowing the purification of milligram amounts of the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R61 to protein homogeneity (95% purity) is described. The isolated ... [more ▼]

A procedure allowing the purification of milligram amounts of the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R61 to protein homogeneity (95% purity) is described. The isolated protein has a molecular weight of about 38000 and consists of one polypeptide chain. Its amino acid composition is presented. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFluorescence and circular dichroism studies on the Streptomyces R61 DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase. Penicillin binding by the enzyme
Nieto, Manuel; Perkins, Harnold R.; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Biochemical Journal (1973), 135(3), 493-505

The circular dichroism of the dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R61 shows in the near u.v. a set of weak extrema at 289nm (positive) and at 282, 275 and 268nm (all negative). In the far ... [more ▼]

The circular dichroism of the dd-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R61 shows in the near u.v. a set of weak extrema at 289nm (positive) and at 282, 275 and 268nm (all negative). In the far u.v. it shows negative extrema at 217-218 and 208nm, crossover at 202nm and a positive maximum at about 194nm. The u.v. absorption of the enzyme shows it to contain tyrosine and tryptophan in approx. 3.4:1 ratio. The enzyme is fluorescent with a maximum emission at 318-320nm. The near-u.v. circular dichroism of the protein is extensively affected by binding of penicillin G, but the far u.v. is unaffected. Binding of the antibiotic also causes quenching of the fluorescence of the enzyme. The latter effect has been used to study the binding of penicillin G to the enzyme and the influence exerted upon it by salts, denaturants and peptide substrates and inhibitors. High-affinity binding of penicillin appears to be comparatively slow and reversible, and can occur under conditions in which the protein is enzymically inactive. The thermal denaturation of the enzyme in guanidinium chloride at pH7 is affected by binding of the antibiotic. The presence of even large concentrations of beta-mercaptoethanol neither impaired the activity of the enzyme nor prevented its inhibition by penicillin G or cephalosporin C. A new hypothesis for the molecular mechanism of the interaction of the enzyme with penicillin is proposed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailStreptomyces DD-carboxypeptidases as transpeptidases. The specificity for amino compounds acting as carboxyl acceptors
Perkins, Harnold R.; Nieto, Manuel; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Biochemical Journal (1973), 131(4), 707-718

The ability of the water-soluble dd-carboxypeptidases of Streptomyces strains albus G, R61, K11 and R39 to perform transpeptidation was studied. The donor was diacetyl-l-lysyl-d-alanyl-d-alanine, and a ... [more ▼]

The ability of the water-soluble dd-carboxypeptidases of Streptomyces strains albus G, R61, K11 and R39 to perform transpeptidation was studied. The donor was diacetyl-l-lysyl-d-alanyl-d-alanine, and a whole range of amino acids, peptides and structurally related amino compounds were tested for acceptor function. No compound tested was an acceptor for the enzyme from strain albus G whereas the enzymes from strains R61 and K11 could utilize with varying efficiency a wide range of substances including peptides with N-terminal glycine or d-alanine, omega-amino acids, aminohexuronic acids, 6-aminopenicillanic acid and d-cycloserine. Certain peptides, when present in higher concentration, inhibited the transpeptidation observed at lower concentration. The enzyme from strain R39 would not use any dipeptide as an acceptor, but a few compounds that were not glycine or alpha-amino acids of the d-configuration did function thus. These were d-cycloserine and the lactams of meso- or racemic-diaminoadipic acid. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase and killing site of β-lactam antibiotics in Streptomyces strains R39, R61, and K11
Dusart, Jean; Marquet, Alberto; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (1973), 3(2), 181-187

Additional evidence is given that in Streptomyces strains R39, R61, and K11 the same enzyme performs dd-carboxypeptidase and transpeptidase activities and that this enzyme is the killing site of beta ... [more ▼]

Additional evidence is given that in Streptomyces strains R39, R61, and K11 the same enzyme performs dd-carboxypeptidase and transpeptidase activities and that this enzyme is the killing site of beta-lactam antibiotics. With strain R61, it was found that the exocellular enzyme has a sensitivity towards some antibiotics different from that of the membrane-bound enzyme. Under the growth conditions used in the present investigations, beta-lactamase activity was not involved in susceptibility to beta-lactam antibiotics. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPeptide inhibitors of Streptomyces DD-carboxypeptidases
Nieto, Manuel; Perkins, Harnold R.; Leyh-Bouille, Mélina et al

in Biochemical Journal (1973), 131(1), 163-171

1. Peptides that inhibit the dd-carboxypeptidases from Streptomyces strains albus G and R61 were synthesized. They are close analogues of the substrates of these enzymes. The enzymes from albus G and R61 ... [more ▼]

1. Peptides that inhibit the dd-carboxypeptidases from Streptomyces strains albus G and R61 were synthesized. They are close analogues of the substrates of these enzymes. The enzymes from albus G and R61 strains are in general inhibited by the same peptides, but the enzyme from strain R39 differs considerably. 2. The two C-terminal residues of the peptide substrates and inhibitors appear to be mainly responsible for the initial binding of the substrate to the enzymes from albus G and R61 strains. The side chain in the third residue from the C-terminus seems critical in inducing catalytic activity. 3. Experimental evidence is presented suggesting that the amide bond linking the two C-terminal residues has a cis configuration when bound to the enzymes from strains albus G and R61. 4. The peptide inhibitors are not antibiotics against the same micro-organisms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDD-carboxypeptidases/Transpeptidases and Penicillin Action
Perkins, Harold R; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Nieto, Manuel et al

in 1st International Congress for Bacteriology, Jerusalem, 2-7 September, 1973. Abstracts. Vol I. Symposia (1973)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailStructure of the wall peptidoglycan of streptomyces R39 and the specificity profile of its exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase for peptide acceptors
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Leyh-Bouille, Mélina; Campbell, James N. et al

in Biochemistry (1973), 12(7), 1243-1251

Benzylpenicillin and cephaloridine reacted with the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase–transpeptidase from Streptomyces R39 to form equimolar and inactive antibiotic–enzyme complexes. At saturation, the ... [more ▼]

Benzylpenicillin and cephaloridine reacted with the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase–transpeptidase from Streptomyces R39 to form equimolar and inactive antibiotic–enzyme complexes. At saturation, the molar ratio of chromogenic cephalosporin 87-312 to enzyme was 1.3:1, but this discrepancy might be due to a lack of accuracy in the measurement of the antibiotic. Spectrophotometric studies showed that binding of cephaloridine and cephalosporin 87-312 to the enzyme caused opening of their β-lactam rings. Benzylpenicillin and cephalosporin 87-312 competed for the same site on the free enzyme, suggesting that binding of benzylpenicillin also resulted in the opening of its β-lactam ring. In Tris–NaCl–MgCl2 buffer at pH7.7 and 37°C, the rate constants for the dissociation of the antibiotic–enzyme complexes were 2.8×10−6, 1.5×10−6 and 0.63×10−6s−1 (half-lives 70, 130 and 300h) for benzylpenicillin, cephalosporin 87-312 and cephaloridine respectively. During the process, the protein underwent reactivation. The enzyme that was regenerated from its complex with benzylpenicillin was as sensitive to fresh benzylpenicillin as the native enzyme. With [14C]benzylpenicillin, the released radioactive compound was neither benzylpenicillin nor benzylpenicilloic acid. The Streptomyces R39 enzyme thus behaved as a β-lactam-antibiotic-destroying enzyme but did not function as a β-lactamase. Incubation at 37°C in 0.01m-phosphate buffer, pH7.0, and in the same buffer supplemented with sodium dodecyl sulphate caused a more rapid reversion of the [14C]benzylpenicillin–enzyme complex. The rate constants were 1.6×10−5s−1 and 0.8×10−4s−1 respectively. Under these conditions, however, there was no concomitant reactivation of the enzyme and the released radioactive compound(s) appeared not to be the same as before. The Streptomyces R39 enzyme and the exocellular dd-carboxypeptidase–transpeptidase from Streptomyces R61 appeared to differ from each other with regard to the topography of their penicillin-binding site. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPenicillin-sensitive DD-carboxypeptidases from Streptomyces strains R39 and K11
Leyh-Bouille, Mélina; Nakel, Marlies; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Biochemistry (1972), 11(7), 1290-1298

The two penicillin-sensitive DD-carboxypeptidases from Streptomyces R39 and K11 are anionic at pH 8. They specifically recognize a C-terminal L-R3-D-alanyl-D sequence with a long side chain at the R3 ... [more ▼]

The two penicillin-sensitive DD-carboxypeptidases from Streptomyces R39 and K11 are anionic at pH 8. They specifically recognize a C-terminal L-R3-D-alanyl-D sequence with a long side chain at the R3 position. The two enzymes differ from each other with respect to: (1) the effects of ionic strength on activity, (2) the influence exerted on activity by the presence of a free amino group at the end of the L-R3 side chain, (3) the K3 and Vmax values. Enzyme K11 has Km values which are high for both good and poor substrates. The enzyme efficiency reflects itself in Vmax values which are high for good substrates and low for poor substrates. Enzyme R39 has Km values which are low for good substrates. The enzyme efficiency toward various substrates reflects itself in the Km and, to a lesser extent, in the Vmax values, (4) the effects of penicillin. Kinetically, inhibition of enzyme K11 by penicillin is competitive. On the contrary, inhibition of enzyme R39 by penicillin is noncompetitive and increasing penicillin concentrations cause disproportionate decreases in the catalytic rate. Noncompetitiveness cannot be attributed to an irreversible inactivation of the enzyme by penicillin. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTranspeptidase activity of Streptomyces D-alanyl-D carboxypeptidases
Pollock, J. J.; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Linder, R. et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (1972), 69(3), 662-666

In the presence of N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala as donor, and either D-[(14)C]alanine, [(14)C]-glycine, or meso-[(3)H]diaminopimelic acid as acceptor, the DD carboxypeptidases from ... [more ▼]

In the presence of N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala as donor, and either D-[(14)C]alanine, [(14)C]-glycine, or meso-[(3)H]diaminopimelic acid as acceptor, the DD carboxypeptidases from Streptomyces R61 and R39 catalyze a transpeptidation reaction with the release of terminal D-alanine from the donor and the formation of either N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-[(14)C]Ala, N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala-[(14)C] Gly, or N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-meso- [(3)H]diaminopimelic acid. The reaction appears to be a true transpeptidation, and is not simply a "reversal of hydrolysis". Transpeptidation is inhibited by pencillin at concentrations that inhibit hydrolysis (carboxypeptidase action) of the donor peptide. There are differences in the specificity profiles of the Streptomyces enzymes for acceptor molecules:only the R61 enzyme used [(14)C]Gly-Gly as acceptor; transfer of N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala to this acceptor resulted in the formation of N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-Lys-D-Ala-[(14)C] Gly-Gly, with the synthesis of a (D-Ala-Gly) peptide bond in an endoposition. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe Streptomyces DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase system as a model for the study of penicillin action
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Leyh-Bouille, Mélina; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Pratesi, P. (Ed.) Medicinal Chemistry : Special contributions - Milan 1972 (1972)

A new model for the transpeptidation reaction involved in the biosynthesis of the bacterial wall peptidoglycan and for its inhibition by penicillin is proposed. This model is in open conflict with the ... [more ▼]

A new model for the transpeptidation reaction involved in the biosynthesis of the bacterial wall peptidoglycan and for its inhibition by penicillin is proposed. This model is in open conflict with the hypotheses previously postulated. It rests upon the demonstration that 1) carboxypeptidase and transpep-tidase activities are performed by the same enzyme, 2) inhibition of both activities by penicillin is carried out in the absence of irreversible acylation of the protein, 3) the enzyme contains multiple sites some of which are involved in regulation, 4) penicillin does not act as a structural analogue of the donor peptide involved in transpeptidation but may act at the level of regulatory site(s). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)