References of "Frère, Jean-Marie"
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See detailPenicillin-sensitive DD-carboxypeptidases from Streptomyces strains R39 and K11
Leyh-Bouille, Mélina; Nakel, Marlies; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Biochemistry (1972), 11(7), 1290-1298

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See detailTranspeptidase activity of Streptomyces D-alanyl-D carboxypeptidases
Pollock, J. J.; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Linder, R. et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (1972), 69(3), 662-666

In the presence of N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala as donor, and either D-[(14)C]alanine, [(14)C]-glycine, or meso-[(3)H]diaminopimelic acid as acceptor, the DD carboxypeptidases from ... [more ▼]

In the presence of N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala as donor, and either D-[(14)C]alanine, [(14)C]-glycine, or meso-[(3)H]diaminopimelic acid as acceptor, the DD carboxypeptidases from Streptomyces R61 and R39 catalyze a transpeptidation reaction with the release of terminal D-alanine from the donor and the formation of either N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-[(14)C]Ala, N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala-[(14)C] Gly, or N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-meso- [(3)H]diaminopimelic acid. The reaction appears to be a true transpeptidation, and is not simply a "reversal of hydrolysis". Transpeptidation is inhibited by pencillin at concentrations that inhibit hydrolysis (carboxypeptidase action) of the donor peptide. There are differences in the specificity profiles of the Streptomyces enzymes for acceptor molecules:only the R61 enzyme used [(14)C]Gly-Gly as acceptor; transfer of N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala to this acceptor resulted in the formation of N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-Lys-D-Ala-[(14)C] Gly-Gly, with the synthesis of a (D-Ala-Gly) peptide bond in an endoposition. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Streptomyces DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase system as a model for the study of penicillin action
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Leyh-Bouille, Mélina; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Pratesi, P. (Ed.) Medicinal Chemistry : Special contributions - Milan 1972 (1972)

A new model for the transpeptidation reaction involved in the biosynthesis of the bacterial wall peptidoglycan and for its inhibition by penicillin is proposed. This model is in open conflict with the ... [more ▼]

A new model for the transpeptidation reaction involved in the biosynthesis of the bacterial wall peptidoglycan and for its inhibition by penicillin is proposed. This model is in open conflict with the hypotheses previously postulated. It rests upon the demonstration that 1) carboxypeptidase and transpep-tidase activities are performed by the same enzyme, 2) inhibition of both activities by penicillin is carried out in the absence of irreversible acylation of the protein, 3) the enzyme contains multiple sites some of which are involved in regulation, 4) penicillin does not act as a structural analogue of the donor peptide involved in transpeptidation but may act at the level of regulatory site(s). [less ▲]

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