References of "Frère, Jean-Marie"
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See detailH-1-N-15 HMQC for the identification of metal-bound histidines in Cd-113-substituted Bacillus cereus zinc beta-lactamase
Damblon, Christian ULg; Prosperi, Christelle ULg; Lian, L. Y. et al

in Journal of the American Chemical Society (1999), 121(49), 11575-11576

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See detailX-ray analysis of the NMC-A beta-lactamase at 1.64-A resolution, a class A carbapenemase with broad substrate specificity
Swaren, Peter; Maveyraud, Laurent; Raquet, Xavier et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (1998), 273(41), 26714-26721

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See detailCatalytic Properties of Class a Beta-Lactamases: Efficiency and Diversity
Matagne, André ULg; Lamotte-Brasseur, Josette; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg

in Biochemical Journal (1998), 330((Pt 2)), 581-98

beta-Lactamases are the main cause of bacterial resistance to penicillins, cephalosporins and related beta-lactam compounds. These enzymes inactivate the antibiotics by hydrolysing the amide bond of the ... [more ▼]

beta-Lactamases are the main cause of bacterial resistance to penicillins, cephalosporins and related beta-lactam compounds. These enzymes inactivate the antibiotics by hydrolysing the amide bond of the beta-lactam ring. Class A beta-lactamases are the most widespread enzymes and are responsible for numerous failures in the treatment of infectious diseases. The introduction of new beta-lactam compounds, which are meant to be 'beta-lactamase-stable' or beta-lactamase inhibitors, is thus continuously challenged either by point mutations in the ubiquitous TEM and SHV plasmid-borne beta-lactamase genes or by the acquisition of new genes coding for beta-lactamases with different catalytic properties. On the basis of the X-ray crystallography structures of several class A beta-lactamases, including that of the clinically relevant TEM-1 enzyme, it has become possible to analyse how particular structural changes in the enzyme structures might modify their catalytic properties. However, despite the many available kinetic, structural and mutagenesis data, the factors explaining the diversity of the specificity profiles of class A beta-lactamases and their amazing catalytic efficiency have not been thoroughly elucidated. The detailed understanding of these phenomena constitutes the cornerstone for the design of future generations of antibiotics. [less ▲]

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See detailMono- and binuclear Zn-beta-lactamase from Bacteroides fragilis: catalytic and structural roles of the zinc ions.
Paul-Soto, R.; Hernandez-Valladares, M.; Galleni, Moreno ULg et al

in FEBS letters (1998), 438(1-2), 137-40

The Bacteroides fragilis Zn-beta-lactamase is active with a mono- and a binuclear zinc site. The apoenzyme produced by removal of both Zn ions does not recover full activity upon readdition of Zn2+ in ... [more ▼]

The Bacteroides fragilis Zn-beta-lactamase is active with a mono- and a binuclear zinc site. The apoenzyme produced by removal of both Zn ions does not recover full activity upon readdition of Zn2+ in contrast to an active mono-Zn form prepared at pH 6.0. Differences in k(cat) values observed are substrate-dependent implying distinct mechanisms for the mono- and binuclear species. The substrate profile of a Zn,Cd hybrid obtained by selective exchange of one zinc ion is different from that of the Zn2 enzyme with a remarkable 15-fold increased activity with cefoxitin as substrate. [less ▲]

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See detailX-ray structure of the ZnII beta-lactamase from Bacteroides fragilis in an orthorhombic crystal form.
Carfi, A.; Duee, E.; Paul-Soto, R. et al

in Acta crystallographica. Section D, Biological crystallography (1998), 54(Pt 1), 45-57

beta-Lactamases are extracellular or periplasmic bacterial enzymes which confer resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. On the basis of their catalytic mechanisms, they can be divided into two major groups ... [more ▼]

beta-Lactamases are extracellular or periplasmic bacterial enzymes which confer resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. On the basis of their catalytic mechanisms, they can be divided into two major groups: active-site serine enzymes (classes A, C and D) and the ZnII enzymes (class B). The first crystal structure of a class B enzyme, the metallo-beta-lactamase from Bacillus cereus, has been solved at 2.5 A resolution [Carfi, Pares, Duee, Galleni, Duez, Frere & Dideberg (1995). EMBO J. 14, 4914-4921]. Recently, the crystal structure of the metallo-beta-lactamase from Bacteroides fragilis has been determined in a tetragonal space group [Concha, Rasmussen, Bush & Herzberg (1996). Structure, 4, 823-836]. The structure of the metallo-beta-lactamase from B. fragilis in an orthorhombic crystal form at 2.0 A resolution is reported here. The final crystallographic R is 0.196 for all the 32501 observed reflections in the range 10-2.0 A. The refined model includes 458 residues, 437 water molecules, four zinc and two sodium ions. These structures are discussed with reference to Zn binding and activity. A catalytic mechanism is proposed which is coherent with metallo-beta-lactamases being active with either one Zn ion (as in Aeromonas hydrophila) or two Zn ions (as in B. fragilis) bound to the protein. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization and sequence of the Chryseobacterium (Flavobacterium) meningosepticum carbapenemase: a new molecular class B beta-lactamase showing a broad substrate profile.
Rossolini, G. M.; Franceschini, N.; Riccio, M. L. et al

in The Biochemical journal (1998), 332 ( Pt 1)

The metallo-beta-lactamase produced by Chryseobacterium (formerly Flavobacterium) meningosepticum, which is the flavobacterial species of greatest clinical relevance, was purified and characterized. The ... [more ▼]

The metallo-beta-lactamase produced by Chryseobacterium (formerly Flavobacterium) meningosepticum, which is the flavobacterial species of greatest clinical relevance, was purified and characterized. The enzyme, named BlaB, contains a polypeptide with an apparent Mr of 26000, and has a pI of 8.5. It hydrolyses penicillins, cephalosporins (including cefoxitin), carbapenems and 6-beta-iodopenicillanate, a mechanism-based inactivator of active-site serine beta-lactamases. The enzyme was inhibited by EDTA, 1-10 phenanthroline and pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid, with different inactivation parameters for each chelating agent. The C. meningosepticum blaB gene was cloned and sequenced. According to the G+C content and codon usage, the blaB gene appeared to be endogenous to the species. The BlaB enzyme showed significant sequence similarity to other class B beta-lactamases, being overall more similar to members of subclass B1, which includes the metallo-enzymes of Bacillus cereus (Bc-II) and Bacteroides fragilis (CcrA) and the IMP-1 enzyme found in various microbial species, and more distantly related to the metallo-beta-lactamases of Aeromonas spp. (CphA, CphA2 and ImiS) and of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (L1). [less ▲]

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See detailThe diversity, structure and regulation of beta-lactamases.
Philippon, A; Dusart, Jean; Joris, Bernard ULg et al

in Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS (1998), 54(4), 341-6

beta-Lactamase production is responsible for the appearance of a large number of pathogenic bacterial strains exhibiting a high degree of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. A large number of enzymes ... [more ▼]

beta-Lactamase production is responsible for the appearance of a large number of pathogenic bacterial strains exhibiting a high degree of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. A large number of enzymes have been described with very diverse primary structures and catalytic profiles. Nevertheless, all known three-dimensional structures of active-site serine beta-lactamases exhibit a high degree of similarity with apparently equivalent chemical functionalities in the same strategic positions. These groups might not, however, play identical roles in the various classes of enzymes. Structural data have also been recently obtained for the zinc metallo-beta-lactamases, but the detailed catalytic mechanisms might also differ widely, depending on the enzyme studied. Similarly, the induction of the synthesis of beta-lactamases is now better understood, but many questions remain to be answered. [less ▲]

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See detailA collapsed intermediate with nonnative packing of hydrophobic residues in the folding of TEM-1 beta-lactamase
Vanhove, M.; Lejeune, Annabelle ULg; GUILLAUME, G. et al

in Biochemistry (1998), 37(7), 1941-1950

The kinetics of refolding of TEM-1 beta-lactamase from solution in guanidine hydrochloride have been investigated on the manual and stopped-flow mixing time scales. The kinetics of change of far-UV ... [more ▼]

The kinetics of refolding of TEM-1 beta-lactamase from solution in guanidine hydrochloride have been investigated on the manual and stopped-flow mixing time scales. The kinetics of change of far-UV circular dichroism and of intrinsic and ANS fluorescence have been compared with changes in the quenching of fluorescence by acrylamide as a probe of the accessibility of solvent to tryptophan. The binding of ANS points to hydrophobic collapse in the very early stages of folding which take place in the burst phase. This is accompanied by regain of 60-65% of-native ellipticity, indicating formation of a significant proportion of secondary structure, Also in the burst phase, the tryptophan residues, which are largely exposed to solvent in the native protein, become less accessible to acrylamide, and the intrinsic fluorescence increases markedly. An early intermediate is thus formed in which tryptophan is more buried than in the native protein. Further intermediates are formed over the next 20 s. Quenching by acrylamide increases during this period, as the transient nonnative state is disrupted and the tryptophan residue(s) become(s) reexposed to solvent, The two slowest phases are determined by the isomerization of incorrect prolyl isomers, but double jump tryptophan fluorescence and acrylamide quenching experiments show little, if any, effect of proline isomerization on the earlier phases, Hydrophobic collapse thus occurs to a folding intermediate in which there is a nonnative element of structure which has to rearrange in the later steps of folding, resulting in a nonhierarchical folding pathway. The C-terminal W290 is suggested as being involved in the nonnative intermediate. beta-Lactamase provides further evidence for the occurrence of nonnative intermediates in protein folding. [less ▲]

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See detailInducible class C beta-lactamases produced by psychrophilic bacteria
Pierrard, Annick ULg; Ledent, P.; Docquier, J. D. et al

in FEMS Microbiology Letters (1998), 161

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See detailRésistance bactérienne aux beta-lactamines
Charlier, Paulette ULg; Coyette, Jacques ULg; Dehareng, Dominique ULg et al

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (1998), 14(5), 544-555

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See detailSite-Directed Mutagenesis of the Actinomadura R39 DD-Peptidase
Zhao, GuoHua; Duez, Colette ULg; Forceille, Christine et al

in Biochemical Journal (1997), 327(2), 377-381

The role of various residues in the conserved structural elements of the Actinomadura R39 penicillin-sensitive dd-peptidase has been studied by site-directed mutagenesis. Replacement of Ser-298 of the ... [more ▼]

The role of various residues in the conserved structural elements of the Actinomadura R39 penicillin-sensitive dd-peptidase has been studied by site-directed mutagenesis. Replacement of Ser-298 of the 'SDN loop' by Ala or Gly significantly decreased the kcat/Km value for the peptide substrate, but only by a factor of 15 and had little effect on the other catalytic properties. Mutations of Asn-300 of the same loop and of Lys-410 of the KTG triad yielded very unstable proteins. However, the N300S mutant could be purified as a fusion protein with thioredoxin that exhibited decreased rates of acylation by the peptide substrate and various cephalosporins. Similar fusion proteins obtained with the N300A, K410H and K410N mutants were unstable and their catalytic and penicillin-binding properties were very strongly affected. In transpeptidation reactions, the presence of the acceptor influenced the kcat/Km values, which suggested a catalytic pathway more complex than a simple partition of the acyl-enzyme between hydrolysis and aminolysis. These results are compared with those obtained with two other penicillin-sensitive enzymes, the Streptomyces R61 dd-peptidase and Escherichia coli penicillin-binding protein (PBP) 5. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Bimodular G57-V577 Polypeptide Chain of the Class B Penicillin-Binding Protein 3 of Escherichia Coli Catalyzes Peptide Bond Formation from Thiolesters and Does Not Catalyze Glycan Chain Polymerization from the Lipid II Intermediate
Adam, Maggy; Fraipont, Claudine ULg; Rhazi, Noureddine ULg et al

in Journal of Bacteriology (1997), 179(19), 6005-6009

Because the specificity profile of the membrane anchor-free G57-V577 penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3) of Escherichia coli for a large series of beta-lactam antibiotics is similar to that of the full ... [more ▼]

Because the specificity profile of the membrane anchor-free G57-V577 penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3) of Escherichia coli for a large series of beta-lactam antibiotics is similar to that of the full-size membrane-bound PBP, the truncated PBP is expected to adopt the native folded conformation. The truncated PBP3 functions as a thiolesterase. In aqueous media and in the presence of millimolar concentrations of a properly structured amino compound, it catalyzes the aminolysis of the thiolester until completion, suggesting that the penicillin-binding module of PBP3 is designed to catalyze transpeptidation reactions. In contrast, the truncated PBP3 is devoid of glycan polymerization activity on the E. coli lipid II intermediate, suggesting that the non-penicillin-binding module of PBP3 is not a transglycosylase. [less ▲]

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See detailZn(Ii) Dependence of the Aeromonas Hydrophila Ae036 Metallo-Beta-Lactamase Activity and Stability
Hernandez Valladares, M.; Felici, A.; Weber, Georges ULg et al

in Biochemistry (1997), 36(38), 11534-41

Two Zn2+ binding sites were found in the Aeromonas hydrophila AE036 metallo-beta-lactamase. The affinity of the first binding site for Zn2+ ions is so high that the dissociation constant could not be ... [more ▼]

Two Zn2+ binding sites were found in the Aeromonas hydrophila AE036 metallo-beta-lactamase. The affinity of the first binding site for Zn2+ ions is so high that the dissociation constant could not be determined, but it is significantly lower than 20 nM. The mono-Zn2+ form of the enzyme exhibits a maximum activity against its carbapenem substrates. The presence of a Zn2+ ion in the second lower affinity binding site results in a loss of enzymatic activity with a Ki value of 46 microM at pH 6.5. The kinetic analysis is in agreement with a noncompetitive inhibition mechanism. The Zn content of the A. hydrophila enzyme is also strongly pH-dependent. With an external Zn2+ ion concentration of 0.4 microM, occupancy of the higher affinity site by metal ions is lower than 10% at pH 5 and 10. The affinity for the second binding site seems to increase from pH 6 to 7.5. Fluorescence emission and circular dichroism spectra revealed slight conformational changes upon titration of the apoenzyme by Zn2+ ions, resulting in the successive saturation of the first and second binding sites. Differential scanning calorimetry transitions and intrinsic fluorescence emission spectra in the presence of increasing concentrations of urea demonstrate that the catalytic zinc strongly stabilizes the conformation of the enzyme whereas the di-Zn enzyme is even more resistant to thermal and urea denaturation than the mono-Zn enzyme. The Zn2+ dependency of the activity of this metallo-beta-lactamase thus appears to be very different from that of the homologous Bacteroides fragilis enzyme for which the presence of two Zn2+ ions per molecule of protein appears to result in maximum activity. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution of Beta-Lactamase Production to the Resistance of Mycobacteria to Beta-Lactam Antibiotics
Quinting, B.; Reyrat, J. M.; Monnaie, D. et al

in FEBS Letters (1997), 406(3), 275-8

Mycobacterium fallax (M. fallax) is naturally sensitive to many beta-lactam antibiotics (MIC < 2 microg/ml) and devoid of beta-lactamase activity. In this paper, we show that the production of the beta ... [more ▼]

Mycobacterium fallax (M. fallax) is naturally sensitive to many beta-lactam antibiotics (MIC < 2 microg/ml) and devoid of beta-lactamase activity. In this paper, we show that the production of the beta-lactamase of Mycobacterium fortuitum by M. fallax significantly increased the MIC values for good substrates of the enzyme, whereas the potency of poor substrates or transient inactivators was not modified. The rates of diffusion of beta-lactams through the mycolic acid layer were low, but for all studied compounds the half-equilibration times were such that they would only marginally affect the MIC values in the absence of beta-lactamase production. These results emphasize the importance of enzymatic degradation as a major factor in the resistance of mycobacteria to penicillins. [less ▲]

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See detailPurification and Properties of the Mycobacterium Smegmatis Mc(2)155 Beta-Lactamase
Quinting, B.; Galleni, Moreno ULg; Timm, J. et al

in FEMS Microbiology Letters (1997), 149(1), 11-5

The beta-lactamase of Mycobacterium smegmatis mc(2)155 has been purified to protein homogeneity. Its N-terminal sequence and catalytic properties are similar to those of the beta-lactamase produced by ... [more ▼]

The beta-lactamase of Mycobacterium smegmatis mc(2)155 has been purified to protein homogeneity. Its N-terminal sequence and catalytic properties are similar to those of the beta-lactamase produced by Mycobacterium fortuitum D316 and establish this new enzyme as a member of molecular class A. [less ▲]

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See detailThe bla gene of the cephamycin cluster of Streptomyces clavuligerus encodes a class A beta-lactamase of low enzymatic activity.
Perez-Llarena, F.; Martin, Juan F.; Galleni, Moreno ULg et al

in Journal of bacteriology (1997), 179(19), 6035-40

A gene (bla) encoding a beta-lactamase is present in the cephamycin gene cluster of Streptomyces clavuligerus, the strain producing clavulanic acid and a beta-lactamase inhibitory protein. The bla gene is ... [more ▼]

A gene (bla) encoding a beta-lactamase is present in the cephamycin gene cluster of Streptomyces clavuligerus, the strain producing clavulanic acid and a beta-lactamase inhibitory protein. The bla gene is located 5.1 kb downstream from and in the opposite orientation to cefE, encoding the deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase. The bla gene encodes a 332-residue protein (Mr, 35,218), similar to other class A beta-lactamases produced by actinomycetes. Modification (to SDG) of the SDN conserved motif of class A beta-lactamases as well as of amino acids in otherwise conserved regions in the molecule may explain the low penicillinase and cephalosporinase activities of the protein. The beta-lactamase has been purified to homogeneity and found to bind [3H]benzylpenicillin, a result reflecting a rate-limiting deacylation step. Nucleotide sequences homologous to bla were found in all tested cephamycin producers, but several other Streptomyces species which produce a beta-lactamase do not contain genes for beta-lactam antibiotic biosynthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailSensitivity of Aeromonas hydrophila carbapenemase to delta3-cephems: comparative study with other metallo-beta-lactamases.
Felici, A.; Perilli, M.; Franceschini, N. et al

in Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy (1997), 41(4), 866-8

Ceftriaxone and ceftriaxone S-oxide behaved as inactivators against the metallo-beta-lactamase of Aeromonas hydrophila AE036 and as substrates for the zinc beta-lactamase produced by Bacillus cereus (569 ... [more ▼]

Ceftriaxone and ceftriaxone S-oxide behaved as inactivators against the metallo-beta-lactamase of Aeromonas hydrophila AE036 and as substrates for the zinc beta-lactamase produced by Bacillus cereus (569/H/9) and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia ULA 511. Moreover, RO 09-1428, a catechol-cephalosporin, was not recognized by the A. hydrophila enzyme. Panipenem, cephalosporin C, cephalosporin C-gamma-lactone, and loracarbef were substrates for the three studied beta-lactamases. [less ▲]

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See detailUnexpected Influence of a C-Terminal-Fused His-Tag on the Processing of an Enzyme and on the Kinetic and Folding Parameters
Ledent, Philippe; Duez, Colette ULg; Vanhove, Marc et al

in FEBS Letters (1997), 413(2), 194-196

The addition of a poly-His C-terminal extension, designed to facilitate the purification of the protein, to the beta-lactamase of a thermophilic Bacillus licheniformis strain modified the site of action ... [more ▼]

The addition of a poly-His C-terminal extension, designed to facilitate the purification of the protein, to the beta-lactamase of a thermophilic Bacillus licheniformis strain modified the site of action of the signal peptidase. This resulted in the secretion of a protein with a different N-terminus, showing that this type of protein engineering might not always be as 'neutral' as generally assumed. (C) 1997 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. [less ▲]

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See detailSite-directed mutagenesis of glutamate 166 in two beta-lactamases. Kinetic and molecular modeling studies.
Guillaume, Gilliane; Vanhove, M; Lamotte-Brasseur, J et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (1997), 272(9), 5438-44

The catalytic pathway of class A beta-lactamases involves an acyl-enzyme intermediate where the substrate is ester-linked to the Ser-70 residue. Glu-166 and Lys-73 have been proposed as candidates for the ... [more ▼]

The catalytic pathway of class A beta-lactamases involves an acyl-enzyme intermediate where the substrate is ester-linked to the Ser-70 residue. Glu-166 and Lys-73 have been proposed as candidates for the role of general base in the activation of the serine OH group. The replacement of Glu-166 by an asparagine in the TEM-1 and by a histidine in the Streptomyces albus G beta-lactamases yielded enzymes forming stable acyl-enzymes with beta-lactam antibiotics. Although acylation of the modified proteins by benzylpenicillin remained relatively fast, it was significantly impaired when compared to that observed with the wild-type enzyme. Moreover, the E166N substitution resulted in a spectacular modification of the substrate profile much larger than that described for other mutations of Omega-loop residues. Molecular modeling studies indicate that the displacement of the catalytic water molecule can be related to this observation. These results confirm the crucial roles of Glu-166 and of the "catalytic" water molecule in both the acylation and the deacylation processes. [less ▲]

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