References of "Forthomme, Bénédicte"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailRetour sur le terrain après blessure : quels critères musculaires ?
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Abstract book du Congrès de l’Association belge des Kinésithérapeutes du Sport : « Informations fournies par l’outil isocinétique » (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 114 (15 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAdvances in preventing shoulder sports injuries
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2008), 16(3), 167

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMuscle strength assessment after ACL reconstruction: Influence of the isokinetic testing modalities
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine Supplement (2008), 47

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (7 ULg)
See detailDix ans d’isocinétisme et lésions musculaires.
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg

in Abstract book des 10èmes Rencontres de Médimex (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 113 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn adapted eccentric training in the management of chronic lateral epicondylar tendinopathy
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Foidart-Dessalle, Marguerite ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Abstract book of 13th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn isokinetic eccentric programme for the management of chronic lateral epicondylar tendinopathy
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Foidart-Dessalle, Marguerite ULg; Tinant, France ULg et al

in British Journal of Sports Medicine (2007), 41(4), 269-275

Background: Lateral epicondylitis represents a frequent overuse injury. In spite of many conservative treatment procedures, prolonged symptoms and relapse are frequently observed. Objective: To compare ... [more ▼]

Background: Lateral epicondylitis represents a frequent overuse injury. In spite of many conservative treatment procedures, prolonged symptoms and relapse are frequently observed. Objective: To compare the outcome of patients performing an isokinetic eccentric training with that of age-, gender-, activity-matched patients receiving a non-strengthening classical rehabilitation. Methods: Ninety-two patients with unilateral chronic lateral epicondylar tendinopathy (mean duration of symptoms 8 +/- 3 months) were assigned either to a control group (n = 46) or to an eccentrically trained group (n = 46). The control group underwent a passive standardised rehabilitation programme that excluded strengthening exercises. In addition to this programme, the trained group also performed eccentric exercises based on the repetitive lengthening of the active musculo-tendinous unit. The latter exercises started with submaximal contraction intensity and slow speed movement. Modalities were progressively intensified (increase in intensity contraction and speed movement) over a long priod of treatment. Programme effectiveness was assessed through pain score evaluation, a disability questionnaire, muscle strength measurement and ultrasonographic examination. Results: Compared to the non-strengthening control group, the following observations were made in the eccentrically trained group: (1) a significantly more marked reduction of pain intensity, mainly after one month of treatment; (2) an absence of strength deficit on the involved side through bilateral comparison for the forearm supinator and wrist extensor muscles; (3) an improvement of the tendon image as demonstrated by decreasing thickness and a recovered homogenous tendon structure; and (4) a more marked improvement in disability status during occupational, spare time and sports activities. Conclusion: These results highlight the relevance of implementing isokinetic adapted eccentric training in the management of chronic lateral epicondylar tendinopathy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 109 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailField performance of javelin throwers: Relationship with isokinetic findings
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; Forthomme, L. et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2007), 15(3), 195-202

Published data related to javelin throwers remain poorly documented. The objectives of this study were therefore to compare isokinetic strength profile of the shoulder rotator muscles between javelin ... [more ▼]

Published data related to javelin throwers remain poorly documented. The objectives of this study were therefore to compare isokinetic strength profile of the shoulder rotator muscles between javelin throwers and sedentary persons and to correlate isokinetic data with different field performance parameters. Eleven male javelin throwers and ten sedentary subjects participated in the study. Shoulder internal (IRs) and external rotators (ERs) were isokinetically assessed at 60, 240 and 400 degrees/s in concentric and 60 degrees/s in eccentric exertions. Subjects also performed throwing tests successively using a javelin and a ball (both of 800 g mass). Side to side comparison in the throwers group revealed a dominance effect in the concentric mode for the IRs at all speeds, and for the ERs at 240 degrees/s. Sedentary subjects showed a dominance effect for the IRs at 60 degrees/s and 240 degrees/s. Simple isokinetic concentric-concentric ratios and mixed velocity DCRs (eccentric60/concentric240) of the dominant shoulder were significantly lower in comparison to the non-dominant side values, in the throwers population. Only the simple ratio at 400 degrees/s and the mixed ratio were significantly lower in the sedentary subjects (dominant versus non dominant side). With respect to the dominant shoulder, no significant difference was noted between the groups the peak torque was bodyweight normalized. However, throwers showed a significant reduction of the DCR when compared to the control group. In addition, throwers exhibited moderate to strong correlations (0.61 <= r <= 0.89) between IRs and ERs strength and either the javelin throw test or the personal throwing record. For the sedentary subjects the javelin throw test was correlated only with the IRs concentric strength at 240 degrees/s. In conclusion, javelin throwers showed a significantly reduced mixed ratio in comparison with a control group, even though body weight normalized peak torques did not differ between both populations. Significant correlation was established between rotator peak-torques and javelin throw test among the thrower athletes. Although training program in thrower athletes classically focuses on IRs strengthening, our findings strongly suggest the need for ERs performance improvement. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 109 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUnexpected effects of dental occlusion on lower limb muscle strength development
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; O'Thanh, R.; Domken, Olivier ULg et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2007), 15

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (12 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLes contraintes résultant du lancer : comment protéger l’épaule ?
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg

in Résumés des Communications du 3ème Colloque Médico-sportif « Entre laboratoire et terrain » (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (14 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’exercice excentrique dans le traitement des tendinopathies
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg

in Livre des résumés du 22ème Congrès de la Société Française de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPositionnement scapulaire : évaluation et implications
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg

in Livre des résumés du 22ème Congrès de la Société Française de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIsokinetic assessment of the scapular muscles
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Arimont, A.; Maquet, Didier ULg et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2007), 15

The scapula plays an important role in normal shoulder function. In sports in which demands on the shoulder are extremely high, the quality of movements depends on the interaction between scapular and ... [more ▼]

The scapula plays an important role in normal shoulder function. In sports in which demands on the shoulder are extremely high, the quality of movements depends on the interaction between scapular and glenohumeral kinematics. Comparatively to a normal status, the scapular dyskinesis is defined as observable alteration in the position of the scapula and in the patterns of scapular motion in relation to the thoracic cage [1]. Surprisingly, only sparse literature focused on the isokinetic assessment of scapulothoracic muscles. To our knowledge, only Cools et al. [2,3] have investigated such evaluation, using a closed kinetic chain system. The aim of this study was to provide new insights in the isokinetic assessment of the scapular muscle performances, among sedentary and overhead athletes populations. 10 sedentary men (23.5  2.6 years; 67.3  62 kg) and 10 overhead athletes (22.2 +/- 2.3 years; 72.9 +/- 9.7 kg) participated into the study. All subjects were free of previous shoulder pathology. The overhead population included 2 volleyball, 2 handball, 3 tennis and 3 badminton players, all with at least 9 years of intensive practice. They sustained a bilateral isokinetic assessment (Biodex 3 dynamometer) of the protractors (PRO) and retractors (RET) of the scapula (closed kinetic chain). Subjects were seated and the closed kinetic chain attachment was placed in a horizontal plane, at 30° from the frontal plane, which corresponded to the scapular plane; the elbow was placed in full extension. The range of motion was individualized from the maximal protraction to the maximal retraction positions. After a specific warm up using an elastic theraband and familiarization on the isokinetic device, the isokinetic protocol consisted in 3 repetitions at slow speed (12.2 cm/s) and 5 repetitions at high speed (36.6 cm/s). The strength performances (peak-force in N) and ratios (Protractors / Retractors; PRO/RET) are described in Tables 1 and 2. The maximum force developed by scapular muscles decreased with increase in motion velocity. Generally, there was no dominance effect, except for the RET at high speed within the sedentary population (Table 1). The PRO/RET ratios remained inferior to 1 indicating higher performances on RET muscle group (Table 2). Even if the athletes recruited in our study used their shoulder in an asymmetrical way, we did not find any significant difference between the dominant and non dominant ratios in that population; only the PRO/RET ratio of sedentaries at high speed showed a dominance effect. The PRO/RET ratios were higher into the athletes, yet the difference did not reach statistical significance. There was no significant difference between both populations, if considering the absolute strength or the bodyweight normalized peak force. The sports population appeared more homogenous with lower standard deviation values for all data. Nevertheless, in such closed kinetic chain assessment, compensations of the trunk during protraction and of the elbow during retraction must be strictly controlled. The shoulder assessment in a closed kinetic chain allowed to investigate the force developed by the protractors and the retractors of the scapula. In spite of upper limb asymmetrical use through overhead activities, a dominance effect in strength performances or agonist-antagonist ratios was not detected among athletes recruited in that study. These preliminary results could be useful for further comparison with pathological cases. REFERENCES 1. W. Kibler, The role of the scapula in athletic shoulder function, Am J Sports Med 26 (1998), 325-337. 2. A. Cools, E. Witrouw, L. Danneels, Test-retest reproducibility of concentric strength values for shoulder girdle protraction and retraction using a Biodex isokinetic dynamometer, Isokin Exerc Sci 10 (2002), 129-136. 3. A. Cools, E. Witrouw, G. Declerq, G. Vanderstraeten, D. Cambier, Evaluation of isokinetic force production and associated muscle activity in the scapular rotators during a protraction-retraction movement in overhead athletes with impingement symptoms, Br J Sports Med 38 (2004), 64-68. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 166 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnalysis of a fatigue protocol for knee extensor and flexor muscle groups
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Maquet, Didier ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2007), 15

Complementary to the muscle strength measurement, the isokinetic dynamometry offers the opportunity to investigate another essential variable: the fatigue which can be defined as a deterioration in ... [more ▼]

Complementary to the muscle strength measurement, the isokinetic dynamometry offers the opportunity to investigate another essential variable: the fatigue which can be defined as a deterioration in maximum torque generating capacity. Many articles in the literature refer to isokinetic fatigue protocols, yet we may consider that there is a lack of consensus about testing modalities and methodological aspects. The overall aim of that preliminary study was to investigate concentric fatigue protocols in terms of contraction number, measurement reproducibility and appropriateness of parameters classically analysed. Twelve male subjects (23  2 years old; 71  3 kg) without history of lower limb injury were included in the study. After standardized warm-up and familiarization with the isokinetic exercise (Biodex 3 dynamometer), each subject performed a unilateral concentric testing on their dominant side knee flexors and extensors. The protocol consisted in 50 maximal contractions at 180°/s angular velocity along a constant 100° range of motion. The fatigue protocol was repeated at 3 different sessions, separated by one week, in the same standardized conditions. Measured and calculated parameters were analysed: maximal work (Wmax); total work (Wtot); cumulated work on 10-20-30-40-50 repetitions (W10-20-30-40-50); different fatigue indexes: mean on the 3 last reps/Wmax (W3L/Wmax), mean on the 5 last reps/Wmax (W5L/Wmax), W3L/mean on the 3 first reps (W3L/W3F), W5L / mean on the 5 first reps (W5L/W5F). These fatigue indexes were established from the 50 repetitions protocol but also calculated on the 30 and 40 first repetitions of the whole test. The heart rate (HR) throughout the fatigue protocol was recorded using a Polar cardiofrequencemeter. A generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) was used for the statistical analysis of reproducibility. The cumulated work calculated on 20, 30, 40 or 50 repetitions was found to be reproducible for the Q muscle group. The same parameters calculated on the Fl muscle group showed a less satisfactory reproducibility. Among indexes of fatigue, the most reproducible were those using Wmax as denominator (by contrast with W3F or W5F as denominator), in particular the W5L/Wmax index for the Q. From 20 repetitions to the end of exercise, the fatigue indexes calculated on the Fl were significantly (p < 0.05) inferior to the indexes established for the Q, suggesting a more marked effect of fatigue on the Fl decrease of maximal strength production. With respect to the HR expressed in percentage of the theoretical maximal HR, the value averaged 53 % before exercise, 83 % after 20 reps and peaked at 87 % after 50 reps. After 2 minutes of recovery, the HR reached 58 % of the HR max. These findings must be taken into account when designing a fatigue isokinetic protocol, in terms of exercise duration and parameters to be analysed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 219 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailElectromyographic activity of the knee flexors and extensors during isokinetic fatigue assessments
Maquet, Didier ULg; Bosquet, L.; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2007), 15

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvaluation de la fonction musculaire au grand âge
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Abstract Book des 10èmes Journées d’Automne de la Société Belge de Gérontologie et de Gériatrie (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (8 ULg)
See detailPlace de l'isocinétisme dans la rééducation des instabilités d'épaule
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Gremeaux, V.; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg

in Codine, P.; Hérisson, C. (Eds.) Instabilité de l'épaule et médecine de rééducation (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (10 ULg)
See detailInstabilité de l'épaule : faillite de la contention musculaire active ? Apport de l'évaluation isocinétique
Gremeaux, V.; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg

in Codine, P.; Hérisson, C. (Eds.) Instabilité de l'épaule et médecine de rééducation (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 122 (14 ULg)
See detailRééducation des instabilités non opérées
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg

in Codine, P.; Hérisson, C. (Eds.) Instabilité de l'épaule et médecine de rééducation (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailReeducacion del Hombro
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg

Book published by Editorial Paidotribo (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 344 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRelationship between muscular performances of the shoulder and morphostatic profile
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Arimont, A.; Bregonzio, Jany et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2007), 15

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (4 ULg)