References of "Fauconnier, Marie-Laure"
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See detailEliciteurs dérivés de rhamnolipides : synthèses, modélisations et activités biologiques
Mayon, Patrick; Ait Barka, Essaid; Baillieul, Fabienne et al

Poster (2013, July 04)

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See detailContribution à la détermination du profil en COVs des effluents gazeux de séchage industriel de levain
Eloundou Mballa, Pierre Patrick ULg; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg

Poster (2013, July 02)

During the industrial drying of sourdough, there is an evaporation of a part of the volatile compounds and those generated during the process. These compounds are evacuated with waste and lost for the ... [more ▼]

During the industrial drying of sourdough, there is an evaporation of a part of the volatile compounds and those generated during the process. These compounds are evacuated with waste and lost for the industry. A complete characterization of the aromatic profile would open ways towards a co-valuation of some of these COVS. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimization of the formation of vinyldithiins, therapeutic compounds from garlic
DETHIER, Bérénice ULg; Hanon, Emilien; Maayoufi, Said et al

in European Food Research & Technology (2013), 237(1), 83-88

Allyl sulfides, ajoenes and vinyldithiins are the three main groups of volatile organosulfur compounds that are formed when garlic is crushed. The manner garlic is processed (nature of the extraction ... [more ▼]

Allyl sulfides, ajoenes and vinyldithiins are the three main groups of volatile organosulfur compounds that are formed when garlic is crushed. The manner garlic is processed (nature of the extraction medium, temperature…) has a major influence on their relative proportion and the amounts produced. It has been proven recently that the vinyldithiins are at the origin of garlic’s capacity to prevent adipocytes development. Their incorporation in garlic-based nutraceuticals is thus particularly interesting. In this context, this work aims to optimize the production of vinyldithiins from garlic. After having determined the best garlic origin (Spanish) and the best oil for the extraction (olive or sunflower oil), the extraction conditions were optimized (1/2 (w/w garlic oil), 37 °C, 6 h) and 133 mg of vinyldithiins was obtained from 100 g of fresh garlic. Carrying out the extraction under microwave irradiation allowed increasing the yield 3.6-fold (yield 486 mg of vinyldithiins from 100 g of fresh garlic). This study may also contribute to the development of new garlic derived high value products by enhancing the comprehension of their formation. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of formulated elicitors to control bioagressors of wheat
Le Mire, Géraldine ULg; Deleu, Magali ULg; Ongena, Marc ULg et al

Scientific conference (2013, July)

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See detailRecherche de lignées aromatiques d’Abies par hybridation somatique
Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg

Conference (2013, June 21)

Créer une lignée d’Abies aromatique qui associera les propriétés de croissance reconnues à l’espèce A. nordmanniana aux propriétés aromatiques d’A. balsamea, en utilisant des lignées embryogènes capables ... [more ▼]

Créer une lignée d’Abies aromatique qui associera les propriétés de croissance reconnues à l’espèce A. nordmanniana aux propriétés aromatiques d’A. balsamea, en utilisant des lignées embryogènes capables de régénérer des plantes entières. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative study of four safflower oils (Carthamus tinctorius) varieties grown in eastern of Morocco
Ben Moumen, A.; Mansouri, F.; Zraibi, L. et al

Poster (2013, April)

Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is an oilseed crop, which, for many years, has been grown on a relatively small scale in parts of North Africa and Middle East (Purdy and al., 1959).

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See detailStudy of the Influence of Pure Ionic Liquids on the Lipase-catalyzed (Trans)esterification of Mannose Based on their Anion and Cation Nature
Galonde, Nadine ULg; Nott, Katherine ULg; Richard, Gaetan ULg et al

in Current Organic Chemistry (2013), 17(7), 763-770

A screening of nine ionic liquids (ILs) has been carried out in order to study the influence of the anion's and cation's nature and structure on the synthesis of mannosyl myristate by (trans ... [more ▼]

A screening of nine ionic liquids (ILs) has been carried out in order to study the influence of the anion's and cation's nature and structure on the synthesis of mannosyl myristate by (trans)esterification catalyzed by Novozym® 435. The best ILs in terms of yield (η) and initial rate (v0) are those based on the TFO- anion. The 24h yield (24h-η) reached 64.9% in [Bmim][TFO] and 70.9% in [Bmpyrr][TFO] by transesterification while it reached 29.7% and 44.5% respectively in each IL by esterification. [Bmpyrr][TFO] based on the pyrrolidinium cation gave the best results although this cation has been rarely used for biocatalysis. This work has thus highlighted a cation that could be further studied in biocatalysis of glycosylated compounds. The study of the relationship between the structure of the ILs and the v0 and η for the biocatalysis of mannosyl myristate showed that the lipase effectiveness is influenced by the anions while the cations have an indirect influence on the interaction strength between Novozym® 435 and the anions. [less ▲]

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See detailPreliminary Characterization of monovarietal virgin olive oils produced in eastern area of Morocco
Mansouri, F.; Ben Moumen, A.; Lopez, G. et al

in Book of Proceedings InsideFood Symposium (2013, April)

Traditional olive oil production is limited by its high cost, mainly due to labour expenses for harvesting and pruning. New olive cultivars (e.g. Arbequina, Arbosana, Koroneiki) with greater adaptability ... [more ▼]

Traditional olive oil production is limited by its high cost, mainly due to labour expenses for harvesting and pruning. New olive cultivars (e.g. Arbequina, Arbosana, Koroneiki) with greater adaptability to modern irrigated high-density orchards and producing good quality olive oils are highly demanded by an olive oil industry in continuous change The aim of this study is the characterization of monovarietal virgin olive oils from three cultivars (Arbequina, Arbosana and Koroneiki) recently introduced in east of Morocco, and the comparison with traditional local Picholine Marocaine olive oil. Several analytical parameters were evaluated; including quality index, Triacylglycerol, fatty acids, phenolic and chlorophyll contents and oxidative stability. Significant differences between the analysed olive oils were detected. Olive oils from Koroneiki and Arbosana cultivars had higher values of oleic acid (respectively 76.24 and 75.68 %); Picholine olive oil, had the lowest one 67.49%. Koroneiki olive oil was noteworthy for its higher content of phenolic compounds (459.48 mg/ kg) and a high oxidative stability (93.16 h). We concluded that the recently introduced cultivars are well adapted to the eastern area of Morocco and could be of great interest for producing monovarietal olive oils. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative study of four safflower oils (Carthamus tinctorius) varieties grown in eastern of Morocco
Ben Moumen, A.; Mansouri, F.; Zraibi, L. et al

in Book of Proceedings InsideFood Symposium (2013, April)

In this study, four safflower varieties, originating from Spain (Rancho), India (Sharda) and Morocco (Cartamar and Cartafri) cultivated at the experimental station of OUJDA (semi-arid region of Eastern ... [more ▼]

In this study, four safflower varieties, originating from Spain (Rancho), India (Sharda) and Morocco (Cartamar and Cartafri) cultivated at the experimental station of OUJDA (semi-arid region of Eastern Morocco) were evaluated for their oil yield and seed oil quality. The analysis of results revealed significant differences among varieties for all traits. Indeed, our result show that seeds of the four varieties have important oil content ranged between 35.38% (Rancho) and 28.84% (Cartamar). Characterization of these oils showed a low value of acidity index less than 0.7% for all the varieties but significant differences in their peroxide values ranged between 4.5 meq O2/Kg (Cartamar) and 31.21 mEqO2/Kg (Rancho) and high value of phenolic content between 143 ppm (Rancho) and 97 ppm (Sharda). Analysis of the fatty acids shows that linoleic acid is the main fatty acid ranged between 77.94% (Cartamar) and 79.98% (Sharda). Oils of those four varieties can be classified in the linoleic acid group. The analysis of triglycerides by HPLC shows 10 molecular species of TAG (LLL, LPL, LLO, PLO, LLS, POP, OOO, POO, SOO, PPL). The trilinoleate (LLL) is the main molecular species with more than 50%. Safflower seed oil cultivated in eastern Morocco presents good physicochemical proprieties (polyphenols and Omega 6 richness); therefore, safflower culture could be suggested for all areas of Morocco, including the areas of low pluviometry, while the potential for culture of other oilseeds is more limited. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalytical evaluation of virgin olive oils produced from three varieties Koroneiki , Arbequina and Arbosana grown in east of Morocco
Mansouri, F.; Ben Moumen, A.; Lopez, G. et al

Poster (2013, April)

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See detailDevelopment of an experimental device allowing plant-plant interaction studies and in situ dynamic trapping of volatile organic compounds emitted by barley (Hordeum distichon L.) roots
Delory, Benjamin ULg; Delaplace, Pierre ULg; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2013, February 08), 78(1), 97-102

In response to wounding or herbivore attack, leaves and roots of higher plants release volatile organic compounds (VOCs). To date, VOCs analysis and plant−plant interaction studies have been mainly ... [more ▼]

In response to wounding or herbivore attack, leaves and roots of higher plants release volatile organic compounds (VOCs). To date, VOCs analysis and plant−plant interaction studies have been mainly performed on aboveground plant tissues, leaving the roles played by root VOCs in plant−plant interaction unexplored. In this context, this project aims at setting up an original experimental device allowing both dynamic trapping of VOCs emitted by mechanically damaged H. distichon roots and the study of the roles played by root VOCs in intra and interspecific plant−plant interactions. The experimental device consists of Barley seedlings cultivated in closed PTFE reactors filled with wet sand. Before being analysed by gas chromatography−mass spectrometry, root VOCs are trapped via a dynamic system on Tenax cartridges using a charcoal-filtered and humidified air. Preliminary results show that 7 day-old wounded Barley roots emit C9 fatty acid derivatives (E-non-2-enal and nona-2,6-dienal) as major compounds, contrasting with aboveground plant tissues that mainly emit C6 alcohols, aldehydes, and their derivative esters. For plant−plant interaction studies, receiver plants are exposed to an airflow enriched with VOCs from root damaged Barley plants of the same age. [less ▲]

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See detailScreening of Mineral Elements in Cistus ladanifer and Cistus libanotis Essential Oils and their Leaves
Zidane, H.; Aouniti, F.; Tahani, A. et al

in Oriental Journal of Chemistry [=OJC] (2013), 29(4), 1319-1324

The aim of this study was to determine the levels of mineral compounds in Cistus ladanifer and Cistus libanotis growing in Eastern Morocco from two different regions Jerada (arid climate) and Tafoughalt ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine the levels of mineral compounds in Cistus ladanifer and Cistus libanotis growing in Eastern Morocco from two different regions Jerada (arid climate) and Tafoughalt (humid climate). A total of fifteen elements (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Na, Ni, P, Pb, Zn, Al, Ca, Fe, K and Mg) has been measured by inductive coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. Their concentrations have been found to vary in leaves and their essential oils. From the results of the study, P, Al, Ca, Fe, K and Mg are highest in all the samples analysed. Cr and Pb were not detected in essential oil of Cistus libanotis from Jerada and Tafoughalt, respectively. These plants were found to contain appreciable amounts of the elements K, Ca, Fe, Mg, P, Al, Ni, Li, Zn and Cu Witch are important in many biological mechanisms. This study also provides a comprehensive survey of the concentration of elements in plants due to their wide utilisation as herbal fusion or decoction in Eastern Morocco. [less ▲]

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