References of "Fauconnier, Marie-Laure"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFirst Characterisation of Volatile Organic Compounds Emitted by Banana Plants
Berhal, Chadi ULiege; De Clerck, Caroline ULiege; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULiege et al

in Scientific Reports (2017)

Banana (Musa sp.) ranks fourth in term of worldwide fruit production, and has economical and nutritional key values. The Cavendish cultivars correspond to more than 90% of the production of dessert banana ... [more ▼]

Banana (Musa sp.) ranks fourth in term of worldwide fruit production, and has economical and nutritional key values. The Cavendish cultivars correspond to more than 90% of the production of dessert banana while cooking cultivars are widely consumed locally around the banana belt production area. Many plants, if not all, produce Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) as a means of communication with their environment. Although flower and fruit VOCs have been studied for banana, the VOCs produced by the plant have never been identified despite their importance in plant health and development. A volatile collection methodology was optimized to improve the sensitivity and reproducibility of VOCs analysis from banana plants. We have identified 11 VOCs for the Cavendish, mainly (E,E)-α-farnesene (87.90 ± 11.28 ng/μl), methyl salicylate (33.82 ± 14.29) and 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one (29.60 ± 11.66), and 14 VOCs for the Pacific Plantain cultivar, mainly (Z,E)-α-farnesene (799.64 ± 503.15), (E,E)-α-farnesene (571.24 ± 381.70) and (E) β ocimene (241.76 ± 158.49). This exploratory study paves the way for an in-depth characterisation of VOCs emitted by Musa plants. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (4 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailPlant oxylipins: structure-function relationship
Genva, Manon ULiege; Andersson, Mats X.; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULiege et al

Conference (2017, May 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailInfluence qualitative et quantitative du mode de séchage sur l'huile essentielle de Thymus fontanesii de l'Algérie
Sidali, Lamia; Brada, Moussa; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULiege et al

Poster (2017, May)

Cette étude a pour but d`étudier l`influence du mode de séchage (à l’ombre et au soleil) sur le rendement et la composition chimique de l`huile essentielle de Thymus fontanesii de l`Algérie obtenue par ... [more ▼]

Cette étude a pour but d`étudier l`influence du mode de séchage (à l’ombre et au soleil) sur le rendement et la composition chimique de l`huile essentielle de Thymus fontanesii de l`Algérie obtenue par extraction assistée par induction électromagnétique. Les résultats ont montré que le séchage à l`ombre a donné un meilleur rendement de (1.12%) après une période de séchage de 10 jours jusqu`à la stabilisation de teneur en eau, alors que le séchage au soleil pendant 8 jours donne un rendement de (0.89%). La composition chimique de l`huile essentielle de Thymus fontanesii (TF) a été analysé par la chromatographie en phase gazeuse couplée à la spectrométrie de masse (GC/MS) et la chromatographie en phase gazeuse a ionisation de flamme (GC/FID). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (0 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGrazing-induced BVOC fluxes from a managed grassland
Mozaffar, Ahsan ULiege; Schoon, N.; Bachy, Aurélie ULiege et al

Poster (2017, April 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (2 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailProfil d'acides gras et acides aminés essentiels de la vainde ovine de la race Beni-Guil conduite en élevage semi-extensif dans l'est du Maroc
Belhaj, Kamal ULiege; Mansouri, Farid; Sindic, Marianne ULiege et al

Poster (2017, April 27)

Les viandes sont commercialisées sous forme de muscles prêts à découper ou de portions « pièces »prêtes à cuire. La couleur de la viande est le premier paramètre de qualité perçue par le consommateur ... [more ▼]

Les viandes sont commercialisées sous forme de muscles prêts à découper ou de portions « pièces »prêtes à cuire. La couleur de la viande est le premier paramètre de qualité perçue par le consommateur, ensuite les paramètres de qualité organoleptiques, hygiénique et nutritionnelle deviennent déterminants et le guide dans son choix. La viande ovine de la race Béni-Guil, qui bénéficie de l’Indication géographique protégée est réputée pour sa qualité gustative et nutritionnelle mais uniquement sur la base de tests hédonique. De ce fait, vient cette étude sur l’analyse de la couleur et des profils lipidiques et protéiques du muscle long dorsal (LDM), un muscle de référence et morceau de viande apprécié par le consommateur. L’analyse de la couleur a montré que LDM de la race béni-guil a une couleur rouge vif très recherché par le consommateur avec un indice de rouge de 14,74. Les résultats d’analyse par GC-FID a permis l’identification de 27 d’acide gras (AG). Comme il a été signalé dans d’autres études (1,2). On observe, qu’un apport de suppléments alimentaires à base d’orge et de son en période critique (sécheresse, ou période de soudure), engendrerait des variations assez importantes par rapport à une conduite au pâturage. En effet, au niveau du profil lipidique le taux d’AG saturés augmente de 40% à 49% au dépend du taux d’AG insaturés qui chute de 60 à 51%. Pour les AG majoritaires, les plus importantes variations ont été enregistrées pour la teneur en acide oléique (C18:1n9) qui chute de 38% à 35%, en faveur de l’acide palmitique (C16:0) qui augmente de 20 à 24%. L’analyse de la composition en acides aminés par HPLC a permis l’identification de 17 acides aminés dont 8 essentiels (His, Mét, Ile, Leu, Lys, Thr, Val, Phe). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (4 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailNutritional and organoleptic quality of Beni-Guil lamb meat breeding in eastern Morocco
Belhaj, Kamal ULiege; Mansouri, Farid; Sindic, Marianne ULiege et al

Poster (2017, April 27)

Nowadays in Morocco, 98% of red meat production is ensured by cattles, sheeps and goast. The eastern Morocco represents one of the main sheep farming areas, characterized by the specificity of its ... [more ▼]

Nowadays in Morocco, 98% of red meat production is ensured by cattles, sheeps and goast. The eastern Morocco represents one of the main sheep farming areas, characterized by the specificity of its production systems. So it is well known by the quality of the sheep meat produced. The Beni-Guil breed is a dominate breed in this breeding area, labeled Protected Geographical Indication (PIG). Thus, it’s an important protein source for the population in this geographical site and highly appreciated by consumers. This reputation is limited to the hedonic quality, and there is currently no scientific data available on the organoleptic and nutritional quality of Beni-Guil meat. The objective of this research is to give a scientific point on the nutritional and organoleptic quality of this meat by biochemical analyzes of the major and minor composition of the Longissimus dorsi muscle (LDM). The results of the organoleptic quality analysis show that the meat of Beni-Guil breed has a bright red color, with a chromaticity of 23.97, an a/b ratio of 0.96 and a hue angle of 46.47, Significant juiciness with a water retention capacity and cooking loss of 22.73 and 32.87% respectively, and a marked tenderness with a collagen content of 0.1%. Thus the analysis of nutritional quality showed that LDM of the Beni-Guil has a high nutritional and dietary value, rich in polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and essential amino acid, with an PUFA/SFA ratio of 0.25, a ratio PUFA n-6/PUFA n-3 of 3.78, and a Protein Digestibility-Corrected Amino Acid score (PDCAAS) of 127. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailProfil d'acides gras et stabilité oxydative d'huiles de brisures d'amandons et d'écarts de tri des amandes
Houmy, Nadia ULiege; Melhaoui, R; Sindic, Marianne ULiege et al

Conference (2017, April 27)

Dans la région orientale du Maroc, en outre du projet *PROFAO, la filière Amandier bénéficie d'une attention particulière. Cependant, les opérations de concassage et de triage des amandes se font encore ... [more ▼]

Dans la région orientale du Maroc, en outre du projet *PROFAO, la filière Amandier bénéficie d'une attention particulière. Cependant, les opérations de concassage et de triage des amandes se font encore de façon artisanale. Dans un but de valorisation après le décorticage/concassage, les brisures et les écarts de tri des amandes, ayant une faible valeur marchande, servent à l'extraction d'huile pour usage alimentaire et cosmétique. Ce travail porte sur l'analyse chimique d'huiles de brisures d'amandes (HbA) et la détermination de leur stabilité oxydative. Ainsi sur trois compagnes agricoles consécutives 2014, 2015, 2016, des analyses par CPG FID des profils d'acides gras (AG) des HbA des variétés Marcona Ferragnes-Ferraduel, ont été effectuées. L'acide Oléique (C18:1) et l'acide Linoléique (C18:2) sont les deux AG majoritaires qui caractérisent les profils d'AG des HbA. Selon l'année de récolte, ces HbA ont montré des variations inter variétale, les différences observées sont significatives et sont de l'ordre de 15 % pour C18:1 et de 13 % pour C18:2. Ainsi la teneur des HbA analysées en C18:1 varie entre un taux-max de 72 % enregistré en 2013/2014 pour Ferrangnes-Ferraduel et un taux-minima de 57 % observé en 2015/2016 pour Marcona. La même remarque pour le C18:2 avec une teneur minimum de 17 % enregistré en 2013/2014 pour Ferragnes-Ferraduel et une teneur maximum de 30 % observé en 2015/2016 pour Marcona. Pour le rapport O/L la plus grande différence a été observée en 2013/2014, avec un ratio O/L de 4,1 pour l'HbA Ferragnes-Ferraduel et de 1,95 pour Marcona. Les résultats observés pour la stabilité oxydative des Hba estimée par des tests Rancimat montrent des valeurs qui varient entre un minimum de 20h pour l'HbA Marcona en 2013/2014 et un maximum de 29h pour l'HbA Ferragnes Ferraduel en 2015/2016. On note une corrélation positive entre la stabilité oxydative et la teneur des HbA en C18:1 ainsi qu'avec le ratio O/L. La suite logique de ce travail est la recherche d'une correlation entre la stabilité oxydative et les composants mineurs de l'huile notamment ceux à activité antioxydante tel les tocophérols. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (2 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSalinity impact on seed yield, polyphenols composition and antioxidant activity of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgarae Mill) extracts
Bettaieb Rebey, Ines; Bourgou, S.; Msaada, K. et al

Poster (2017, April 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEtude de la composition chimique et de l’activité antioxydante des différents extraits de la Lavande dentée (Lavandula dentata)
Bettaieb Rebey, I.; Bourgou, S.; Saidani Tounsi, M. et al

in Journal of New Sciences Agri & Biotech (2017), 39(2), 2096-2105

In this study, Lavandula dentata organs (roots, stems and leaves) were investigated for their essential oils, total phenolics, flavonoids contents and antioxidant activities. Essential oil yields were 0 ... [more ▼]

In this study, Lavandula dentata organs (roots, stems and leaves) were investigated for their essential oils, total phenolics, flavonoids contents and antioxidant activities. Essential oil yields were 0.22% in roots, 0.68 % in stems and 0.89 % in flowers. Major components of the oils were β-ocimene, limonene and 1,8 cineol in roots, stems and leaves and flowers, respectively. In all organs, total phenolics content ranged from 42.57 to 16.17 mg gallic acid equivalents per gram of dry weight (mg GAE/g DW).The antioxidant activities of Lavandula dentata extracts obtained from the three organs were assessed using two tests (DPPH and reducing power). The root extract was strongly effective as DPPH radical scavenger and reducing agent. Thus, the identification of individual target polyphenolic compounds of roots was performed by RP-HPLC. The major phenolic compound detected in roots was rosmarinic acid. This activity was high enough for the plant to be a new and natural source of strongly antioxidant substances for use as natural additives in food and pharmaceutical industry. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 316 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailQuality and chemical composition of longissimus dorsi muscle of Béni-Guil sheep breeding in eastern Morocco
Belhaj, Kamal ULiege; Mansouri, Farid; Ben-Moumen, Abdessamad et al

Poster (2017, February 07)

The aim of the present study was to analyze the lipid, cholesterol, fatty acids composition and amino acids from red meat of Béni-Guil sheep breeding in eastern of Morocco, which was breeded in semi ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to analyze the lipid, cholesterol, fatty acids composition and amino acids from red meat of Béni-Guil sheep breeding in eastern of Morocco, which was breeded in semi-extensive breeding, Its very appreciated by the consumer, but this good reputation is still only on Informal Hedonic Tests, the Consumers speak about the best sheep meat as regards the quality and intensity of its aroma and succulence, flavour and tenderness. The objective of this research is to evaluate the nutritional, organoleptic and health quality of this meat by biochemical analyzes, in particular the cholesterol, fatty acid profile (FA) and amino acid composition of the longissumus dorsi muscle. Meat quality was measured on the longissimus dorsi (LD). The results showed that 100g of fresh meat contains 25.72% of dry matter, including 5.14% of Fat, 19.43% of protein and 0.94% of mineral matter. The fatty acid profile measured showed that 100 grams of fat contains 24.98 grams fatty acids, including 49.45% saturated fatty acid, 38.48% monounsaturated fatty acid and 12.40% polyunsaturated fatty acid. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of amino acids composition allowed the identification of more than 18 components including six essential amino acids (Ile, Leu Lys, Thr, Val, Phe). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUse of complementary biophysical approaches to study the interactions of fatty acid hydroperoxides with biomimetic plant plasma membranes
Deboever, Estelle ULiege; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULiege; Deleu, Magali ULiege et al

Poster (2017, January 20)

In the actual context, biopesticides have emerged as a main alternative to conventional agriculture1. Hence, elicitors are metabolites naturally produced by microorganisms, pathogenic or not, and plants ... [more ▼]

In the actual context, biopesticides have emerged as a main alternative to conventional agriculture1. Hence, elicitors are metabolites naturally produced by microorganisms, pathogenic or not, and plants which are able to induce the natural resistance of plants. Also, they have proved to be excellent candidates for biological control. In this context, the lipoxygenase pathway leads to the formation of fatty acid degradation products, called oxylipins, which appear to be crucial agents in plant defence mechanisms2,3. Moreover, with their broad spectrum of action and their possible inducibility, oxylipins appear to be promising candidates for their use as elicitors4. This work focuses on two hydroperoxy-derived oxylipins, the 13(S)-hydroperoxy-octadecadienoic acid (13-HPOD) and the 13(S)-hydroperoxy-octadecatrienoic acid (13-HPOT). The study of the interaction of such compounds with representative plant plasma membrane lipids is essential to understand plant resistance mechanisms. Several in silico and experimental techniques of biophysics showed that acyl-hydroperoxides have significant adsorption capacity and a strong affinity for model membranes. They may also penetrate biological membrane but no permeabilisation effect was observed in this work. Slight conformational differences seem to have a significant impact on their ability to interact with plant plasma membranes. Based on these results, further investigation of the interactions of fatty acids hydroperoxides, even more on the 9-forms, with plant plasma membranes and eventually in the presence of phytopathogenic species, would allow a better understanding of the innate immunity and, on the longer term, could lead to the development of new elicitors with biological mechanisms potentially independent of membrane protein receptors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailStudy of the chemical composition of essential oils and floral waters of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf (Poaceae) from Senegal
Diop, Serigne Mbacké; Guèye, Momar Talla; Ndiaye, Ibrahima et al

in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences (2017), 11(4), 1884-1892

This work aimed to study the chemical composition of essential oils and floral waters of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf (Poaceae) from Senegal. The plants were collected in two different localities ... [more ▼]

This work aimed to study the chemical composition of essential oils and floral waters of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf (Poaceae) from Senegal. The plants were collected in two different localities, Dakar and Kaolack. The extracts were obtained by steam distillation from both fresh and dried plants and analyses carried out by GC/FID and GC/MS. Oils from Dakar were dominated by geranial which represented 46.0-43.9%, neral 31.8-31.0%, myrcene 10.8-11.7% and geraniol 2.7-4.2% in the fresh and dried plants, respectively. Their floral waters contained mainly 44.6-41.4% geranial, 39.7-35.6% neral and 8.8-13.2% geraniol. The oils from Kaolack were characterized by geranial which constituted 49.5-44.5%, neral 33.3-31.2%, myrcene 7.2-9.6% and geraniol 4.3-6.1% in the fresh and dried plants, respectively. In their floral waters, it is identified 42.8-33.6% geranial, 38.4-27.6% neral and 12.5-24.5% geraniol. This original study revealed that both oils and floral waters of C. citratus from Senegal are characterized by geranial and neral whose repellent properties against mosquitoes are known. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (6 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDifferential interaction of synthetic glycolipids with biomimetic plasma membrane lipids correlates with plant biological response
Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULiege; Lins, Laurence ULiege; Crowet, Jean-Marc ULiege et al

in Langmuir (2017)

Natural and synthetic amphiphilic molecules including lipopeptides, lipopolysaccharides and glycolipids are able to induce defense mechanisms in plants. In the present work, the perception of two ... [more ▼]

Natural and synthetic amphiphilic molecules including lipopeptides, lipopolysaccharides and glycolipids are able to induce defense mechanisms in plants. In the present work, the perception of two synthetic C14 rhamnolipids, namely Alk-RL and Ac-RL, differing only at the level of the lipid tail terminal group, have been investigated using biological and biophysical approaches. We showed that Alk-RL induces a stronger early signaling response in tobacco cell suspensions than does Ac-RL. The interactions of both synthetic RLs with simplified biomimetic membranes were further analyzed using experimental and in silico approaches. Our results indicate that the interactions of Alk-RL and Ac-RL with lipids were different in terms of insertion and molecular responses and were dependent on the lipid composition of model membranes. A more favorable insertion of Alk-RL than Ac-RL into lipid membranes is observed. Alk-RL forms more stable molecular assemblies than Ac-RL with phospholipids and sterols. At the molecular level, the presence of sterols tends to increase the RLs’ interaction with lipid bilayers with a fluidizing effect on the alkyl chains. Taken together, our findings suggest that the perception of these synthetic RLs at the membrane level could be related to a lipid-driven process depending on the organization of the membrane and the orientation of the RLs within the membrane and is correlated with the induction of early signaling responses in tobacco cells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (5 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailChemical Composition of Distilled Essential Oils and Hydrosols of Four Senegalese Citrus and Enantiomeric Characterization of Chiral Compounds
Ndiaye, El Hadji Barka; Gueye, Momar Talla; Ndiaye, Ibrahima et al

in Journal of Essential Oil-Bearing Plants [=JEOBP] (2017), 20(3), 820-834

Peels of four local Citrus species (Citrus sinensis L. Obsbeck, Citrus reticulata Blanco, Citrus maxima Burm. and Citrus aurantifolia christm.) grown in a same locality under the same climatic conditions ... [more ▼]

Peels of four local Citrus species (Citrus sinensis L. Obsbeck, Citrus reticulata Blanco, Citrus maxima Burm. and Citrus aurantifolia christm.) grown in a same locality under the same climatic conditions were subjected to steam distillation. The essential oils and floral waters obtained were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with a flame ionization detector (CPG-FID) and by gas chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometer (CPG-MS). The essential oils yields were ranged between 0.2 and 0.7 %. The qualitative and quantitative analyses show 74 compounds in all oils samples. The oils were largely dominated by hydrocarbon monoterpenes with limonene as major compound (91.5-94.0 %; 90.4-93.4 %; 77.7-93.7 % and 34.8-51.2 %) in oils from Citrus sinensis, Citrus reticulata, Citrus maxima and Citrus aurantifolia, respectively. In addition to limonene, oils of Citrus aurantifolia contained high amounts of β-pinene (6.8-14.4 %), pcymene (5.8-12.2 %), γ-terpinene (0.3 -7.4 %), neral (1.5-9.4 %), geraniol (1.9-12.7 %). Although presenting the same major compound (limonene), the oils had compositions that were qualitatively and quantitatively different. The enantiomeric analyses showed that the chiral major compounds were (R) - (+) - limonene, (S) - (-) – limonene, (1S) - (-) -β-pinene, (1R)-(+)-β-pinene and (S) - (+) - carvone. The hydrosols analyzed were composed of oxygenated compounds and did not have the same major compound. A qualitative and quantitative difference in chemical composition was noted between the Hydrosols. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGamification croissante d’un quiz de chimie – Effets comparés sur la performance, la perception de compétence et l’état de flow
le Maire, Nathalie ULiege; Dalcq, Anne-Catherine ULiege; Colaux, Catherine ULiege et al

in Revue Internationale des Technologies en Pédagogie Universitaire = International Journal of Technologies in Higher Education (2017), 14(1), 69-83

Mini-games have recently emerged in the literature on gamification as an affordable alternative to immersive serious games. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of the use of chemistry minigames ... [more ▼]

Mini-games have recently emerged in the literature on gamification as an affordable alternative to immersive serious games. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of the use of chemistry minigames having a growing gamification on the performance, the self-confidence and the flow perceived by first year bioengineering students. Results indicate no effect on the first two parameters but show a positive effect on four dimensions of the flow. Given these mixed results, the conditions of an effective use of mini-games with undergraduate students are then discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (2 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvaluation of different hydrocolloids to improve dough rheological properties and bread quality of potato-wheat flour
Liu, Xingli ULiege; Mu, Taihua; Yamul, Karim Diego et al

in Journal of Food Science and Technology (2017), 54(6), 15971607

The aim of study was to investigate the effect of hydroxylpropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), arabic gum (AG), konjac glucomannan (KG) and apple pectin (AP) at 2% (w/w, potato-wheat flour basis) on the potato ... [more ▼]

The aim of study was to investigate the effect of hydroxylpropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), arabic gum (AG), konjac glucomannan (KG) and apple pectin (AP) at 2% (w/w, potato-wheat flour basis) on the potato-wheat dough (the mass ratio was 1:1) rheological, fermentation properties and its bread quality. The tan δ of potato-wheat dough was significantly increased by adding HPMC compared to those of without adding hydrocolloids (from 0.337 to 0.425), which was close to wheat dough (0.531). Moreover, the dough height during fermentation process was significantly improved by adding hydrocolloids, with the order of HPMC (23.1mm) > AP (19.3mm) > AG (18.6mm) > KG (13.6mm). In addition, the potato-wheat protein bands of potato-wheat dough turned pale by adding hydrocolloids, suggesting higher molecular weight aggregation formed between proteins-hydrocolloids or proteins-proteins after fermentation process. Furthermore, HPMC significantly increased specific volume (from 1.45 to 2.22 ml/g), and hydrocolloids restrained the starch retrogradation of potato-wheat breads. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (14 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPlant Oxylipins: Structure-function Relationships
Genva, Manon ULiege; Andersson, Mats X.; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULiege et al

Poster (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 ULiège)