References of "Fagel, Nathalie"
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See detailA 500-yr record of Northern Patagonian environmental changes: Lago Plomo and Lago Bertrand
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Brix, J.; El Ouahabi, M. et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailGeochemical evidence (C, N and Pb isotopes) of recent anthropogenic impact in south-central Chile from two environmentally distinct lake sediment records
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Bertrand, Sebastien; Mattielli, Nadine et al

in Journal of Quaternary Science (2010), 25(7), 1100-1112

In this paper, we compare the elemental and isotopic (C, N, Pb) geochemistry of lake sediments from two contrasted environments in south-central Chile. The first lake, Laguna Chica de San Pedro (LCSP), is ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we compare the elemental and isotopic (C, N, Pb) geochemistry of lake sediments from two contrasted environments in south-central Chile. The first lake, Laguna Chica de San Pedro (LCSP), is situated in the urbanised area of the Biobio Region (36°S). The second lake, Lago Puyehue (40° S), is located 400 km to the southeast of LCSP and within an Andean national park. Our aim is to identify environmental impacts associated with increasing industrial activities and land degradation during the last 150 a. In LCSP, shifts in C/N atomic ratios, 13C and 15N from 1915-1937 to the late 1980s are attributed to successive land degradation episodes in the lake watershed. Based on a Pb isotopic mixing model, we estimate that up to 20% of lead in LCSP sediments is supplied from urban atmospheric pollution. By contrast, human impact in the watershed of Lago Puyehue is very limited. We observe no change in organic geochemistry during the last 150 a and lead contamination remains lower than 5%, even during the last decades. Although contamination levels are much higher in LCSP than in Lago Puyehue, a peak in anthropogenic Pb is recorded during the same period (1974-1976) at both sites. This maximum contamination level is consistent with increased industrial activity in the vicinity of Concepción. [less ▲]

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See detailThe 900-yr sedimentary record of Lago Thompson, Northern Chilean Patagonia
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Nuttin, L.; Bertrand, S. et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailDevelopment of lead-210 measurement in peat using polonium extraction. A procedural comparison
De Vleeschouwer, François; Sikorski, Jarek; Fagel, Nathalie ULg

in Geochronometria (2010)

Two chemical treatments for lead-210 measurement were compared on the sub-surface samples of a core from an ombrotrophic bog from East Belgium. The classical procedure involves a concentrated acid ... [more ▼]

Two chemical treatments for lead-210 measurement were compared on the sub-surface samples of a core from an ombrotrophic bog from East Belgium. The classical procedure involves a concentrated acid extraction of polonium. However, this treatment represents substantial health risks together with unknowns regarding both the degree of cleanliness and the Po extraction rate, and most importantly, is rather time consuming. We developed here an improved procedure involving an ashing step prior to acid extraction. This allows substantial improvements such as: 1/ the use of a relatively small amount of acid compared to the classical procedure and 2/ the substantial reduction of a total sample digestion time. Measurements of 210Pb concentrations were conducted by alpha spectrometry. Results show a good agreement of unsupported 210Pb activity obtained for both procedures, although some unknowns remain concerning the adsorption of 210Po on the plastic test tube, the volatilization of a small amount of ash, or the absorption of alpha particle at the alpha source surface. This however should not affect the 210Pb measurement as all the samples are spiked prior to ashing (i.e. the recoveries are fully monitored). Through this study, we are suggesting researchers to follow this new procedure in order to increase safety, cleanliness, better recovery and substantial time gain. [less ▲]

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See detailPaleolimnological and Sedimentological Traces of the 1943 (Ms=7.3) Earthquake in the sediments of Ladik Lake, Samsun/Turkey
Ulas, Avsar; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Fagel, Nathalie ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2009, April), 11(EGU2009-12641-1),

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See detailAnthropogenic impacts in North Poland over the last 1300 years -- A record of Pb, Zn, Cu, Ni and S in an ombrotrophic peat bog
De Vleeschouwer, François ULg; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Cheburkin, Andriy et al

in Science of the Total Environment (2009)

Lead pollution history over Northern Poland was reconstructed for the last ca. 1300 years using the elemental and Pb isotope geochemistry of a dated Polish peat bog. The data show that Polish Pb–Zn ores ... [more ▼]

Lead pollution history over Northern Poland was reconstructed for the last ca. 1300 years using the elemental and Pb isotope geochemistry of a dated Polish peat bog. The data show that Polish Pb–Zn ores and coal were the main sources of Pb, other heavy metals and S over Northern Poland up until the industrial revolution. After review of the potential mobility of each element, most of the historical interpretation was based on Pb and Pb isotopes, the other chemical elements (Zn, Cu, Ni, S) being considered secondary indicators of pollution. During the last century, leaded gasoline also contributed to anthropogenic Pb pollution over Poland. Coal and Pb–Zn ores, however, remained important sources of pollution in Eastern European countries during the last 50 years, as demonstrated by a high 206Pb/207Pb ratio (1.153)relative to that of Western Europe (ca. 1.10). The Pb data for the last century were also in good agreement with modelled Pb inventories over Poland and the Baltic region. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiproxy evidence of `Little Ice Age' palaeoenvironmental changes in a peat bog from northern Poland
De Vleeschouwer, François ULg; Piotrowska, Natalia; Sikorski, Jaroslaw et al

in Holocene (2009), 19(4), 625-637

`Little Ice Age' (LIA) climatic deteriorations have been abundantly documented in various archives such as ice, lake sediments and peat bog deposits. Palaeoecological analyses of peat samples have ... [more ▼]

`Little Ice Age' (LIA) climatic deteriorations have been abundantly documented in various archives such as ice, lake sediments and peat bog deposits. Palaeoecological analyses of peat samples have identified these climatic deteriorations using a range of techniques, for example palynology, plant macrofossils, testate amoebae or carbon isotopic analyses. The use of inorganic geochemistry and the reconstruction of dust fluxes has remained a challenge in tracing the nature of LIA climatic changes. Although the idea of enhanced erosion conditions and storminess is commonly discussed, the conditions for dust deposition in peatlands over Europe during the LIA are rarely favourable, because the natural forest cover over Europe was much more important than nowadays, preventing dust deposition. This intense forest canopy masks the deposition of dust in peatlands. In northern Poland, near the Baltic shore, the S[l]owi[n]skie B[l]ota area was deforested around AD 1100, ie, just before the LIA, and therefore constitutes a key area for the reconstruction of LIA climatic change. With the support of a well-constrained chronology, climatic fluctuations are recorded in an ombrotrophic bog using inorganic geochemistry, plant macrofossils and carbon isotopic analyses. The reconstruction of LIA climatic changes is in good agreement with other records from Poland and NE Europe. However, a c. 50-year discrepancy can be observed between various records. This discrepancy is possibly due to progressive time-dependent cooling gradient from north to south Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailHolocene environmental changes in lake sediments from Northern Chilean Patagonia
Nuttin; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Brogniet et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF CLAY EXPLOITATION FOR FIRED CLAY BRICKS IN CAMEROON
Njoya, A.; Bastin, D.; Melo, U. et al

Poster (2009)

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See detail3D anatomy of Heinrich Layer 2.
Van Rooij, D.; Zaazi, N.; Fagel, Nathalie ULg et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailHolocene environmental changes in lake sediments from Northern Chilean Patagonia (45-48°S)
Nuttin, L.; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Bertrand, S. et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailReconstruction of oceanic circulation using mineralogical and isotopical signatures of deep sea sediments. The case study of the northern Noth Atlantic…and some perspectives for the Arctic
Fagel, Nathalie ULg

in Nihoul, Jacques; Kostianoy, Andrey (Eds.) Influence of climate change on the changing arctic and sub-arctic conditions (2009)

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See detailSedimentological fingerprints of recent earthquakes in lake sediments: A case study on the North Anatolian Fault (NAF), Turkey
Avsar, Ulas; Boes, X; Hubert, Aurelia ULg et al

in EOS : Transactions, American Geophysical Union (2008, December), 89(53)(Fall Meet. Suppl.), 21-1919

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See detailKuzey Anadolu Fayı Üzerinde Yer Alan Sığ Göllerde Tarihsel Depremlerin Sedimantolojik İzlerinin Araştırılması
Avsar, Ulas; Boes, X; Hubert, Aurelia ULg et al

Conference (2008, November)

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