References of "FRANCHIMONT, Claudine"
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See detailLe melanome cutane: une seule maladie?
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Hermanns-Le, Trinh ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2012), 67(9), 458-60

For the media and the public at large, malignant melanoma is the most dreadful cancer of the skin. This statement is obvious. However, some nuances merit to be considered. The clinical presentations ... [more ▼]

For the media and the public at large, malignant melanoma is the most dreadful cancer of the skin. This statement is obvious. However, some nuances merit to be considered. The clinical presentations, histopathology and molecular genetics point to the fact that malignant melanoma is not a single monolithic pathological condition. Different types of melanomas are distinguished based on distinct origins and contrasted prognoses. The management and information for the patient should be handled individually. [less ▲]

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See detailDeux bacteries et une kyrielle d'infections cutanees communes.
Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Lesuisse, M.; PIERARD, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2012), 67(10), 513-9

Common bacterial skin infections represent frequent disorders encountered in general practice and in dermatology as well. They encompass a series of infections affecting the epidermis, dermis, hypodermis ... [more ▼]

Common bacterial skin infections represent frequent disorders encountered in general practice and in dermatology as well. They encompass a series of infections affecting the epidermis, dermis, hypodermis and subcutaneous tissues. The two main bacteria involved in these processes are Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. The resulting infections show various clinical presentations. Their management must be adapted to their gravity and to the putative or proven nature of the causal microorganism. Searching for any skin ingress possibility and any favouring factor is always of importance in order to stimulate healing and avoid recurrences. Of note, skin possibly allows the ingress way for a secondary septicemic dissemination. Conversely, skin is possibly involved in tissue localisation of septicemia. [less ▲]

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See detailLe melanome metastatique: un vent d'espoir porte par l'ipilimumab et le vemurafenib.
Franchimont, Claudine ULg; PIERARD, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2012), 67(2), 64-8

Treating a patient with cutaneous malignant melanoma relies on the recognition of a clever stratification of the distinct stages of the disease. The histoprognostic criteria were recently revisited. In ... [more ▼]

Treating a patient with cutaneous malignant melanoma relies on the recognition of a clever stratification of the distinct stages of the disease. The histoprognostic criteria were recently revisited. In addition, translational research fueled the development of new treatments with at last increased efficacy in the metastatic stage. Such therapeutic advance improves the median overall survival for a few months. Some combined treatments could possibly boost the beneficial effects. [less ▲]

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See detailDermal ultrastructure in low Beighton score members of 17 families with hypermobile-type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
Hermanns-Le, Trinh ULg; REGINSTER, Marie-Annick ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg et al

in Journal of Biomedicine & Biotechnology (2012), 2012

The distinction between the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome hypermobile type (EDSH) and the benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) is unclear. The aim of the present study was to compare skin ultrastructural ... [more ▼]

The distinction between the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome hypermobile type (EDSH) and the benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) is unclear. The aim of the present study was to compare skin ultrastructural abnormalities of EDSH and BJHS among different families. Skin of 23 EDSH, 27 BJHS, and 41 asymptomatic subjects from 17 families was examined using transmission electron microscopy. Similar ultrastructural abnormalities were found irrespective of the Beighton score. Flower-like collagen fibrils represented the key change and elastic fibers were altered as well. Beighton score is a clinical parameter rating joint mobility that appeared unrelated to quantitative and qualitative collagen ultrastructural alterations in the skin. Some EDSH family members fit with BJHS diagnosis. BJHS possibly represents a mild variant of EDSH. [less ▲]

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See detailMiconazole , a pharmacological barrier to skin fungal infections.
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Hermanns-Le, Trinh ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg et al

in Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy (2012), 13(8), 1187-94

Introduction: Miconazole (MCZ) is a time-honored antifungal of the imidazole class. MCZ exerts a multipronged effect on fungi. It inhibits the cytochrome P450 complex, including the 14alpha-demethylase ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Miconazole (MCZ) is a time-honored antifungal of the imidazole class. MCZ exerts a multipronged effect on fungi. It inhibits the cytochrome P450 complex, including the 14alpha-demethylase enzyme required for ergosterol biosynthesis, in fungal cell membranes. In addition, intracellular accumulation of toxic methylated sterols occurs and the synthesis of triglycerides and phospholipids is altered. Disturbances in oxidative and peroxidative enzyme activities lead to an intracellular toxic concentration of hydrogen peroxide. As a result, intracellular organelle destruction then leads to cell necrosis. Farnesol synthesis stimulated in Candida spp. prevents the yeast-to-mycelium formation. MCZ is further active against Gram-positive bacteria. Areas covered: This review aims at revisiting the MCZ antifungal activity in dermatomycoses. Expert opinion: MCZ's wide spectrum of activity appears noteworthy. The full pharmacological profile of MCZ indicates its fungistatic profile through its effect on ergosterol biosynthesis. In addition, it exhibits a fungicidal effect against a number of fungal species, due to hydrogen peroxide accumulation. MCZ is characterized by high safety, efficacy and versatility, and a unique, multifaceted nature of activity in the treatment of dermatomycoses. [less ▲]

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See detailUstekinumab in psoriasis immunopathology with emphasis on the Th17-IL23 axis. A primer.
QUATRESOOZ, Pascale ULg; Hermanns-Le, Trinh ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg et al

in Journal of Biomedicine & Biotechnology (2012), 2012(147413),

Psoriasis is a chronic relapsing immunoinflammatory dermatosis that is commonly associated with systemic comorbidities. The pathogenic importance of interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-23 is beyond doubt, as well ... [more ▼]

Psoriasis is a chronic relapsing immunoinflammatory dermatosis that is commonly associated with systemic comorbidities. The pathogenic importance of interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-23 is beyond doubt, as well as the involvement of T helper cells (Th)1 and Th17 cells. There is upregulation of the p40 subunit shared by IL-12 and IL-23 and of the IL-23 p19 subunit, but not an increased expression of the IL-12 p35 subunit. This indicates that IL-23 appears more involved than IL-12 in the pathogenesis of psoriatic plaques. Ustekinumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody of the immunoglobulin (Ig) G1 class targeting the p40 subunit common to both IL-12 and IL-23, thus inhibiting both IL-12 and IL-23 receptor-mediated signalling. Ustekinumab is part of the recent biologic therapies active in psoriasis, autoimmune arthritides, and inflammatory bowel diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailLe "cheetah-look". Le phénotype guépart, face cachée de la pigmentation mélanique innée du visage.
Hermanns-Le, Trinh ULg; AL RUSTOM, Kamil; FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg et al

in Dermatologie Actualité (2012), 131

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See detailUstékinumab (Sterala®), l'axe Th17-IL23 du psoriasis et au-delà.
FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg; Hermanns-Le, Trinh ULg; QUATRESOOZ, Pascale ULg et al

in Dermatologie Actualité (2012), 131

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See detailChallenging regional psoriasis and ustekinumab biotherapy: impact of the patterns of disease.
Hermanns-Le, Trinh ULg; Berardesca, Enzo; PIERARD, Gérald ULg et al

in Journal of Biomedicine & Biotechnology (2012), 2012

In some patients, psoriasis appears refractory to many treatments, particularly when the disease is confined to some specific body regions. In this respect, palmoplantar psoriasis and palmoplantar ... [more ▼]

In some patients, psoriasis appears refractory to many treatments, particularly when the disease is confined to some specific body regions. In this respect, palmoplantar psoriasis and palmoplantar pustulosis are possibly related conditions in their immunopathomechanisms involving Il-12, IL-23, and Th17. Nail psoriasis and scalp psoriasis are two other particular psoriasis manifestations. Accordingly, ustekinumab was tested in a few of these patients. The present paper is limited to peer-reviewed case reports. Data were not supported by bioinstrumental assessments and controlled trials. Overall, they are indicative of potential efficacy. The cost-effectiveness and the risk-benefit assessments merit further investigations. [less ▲]

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See detailMalignant melanoma and its stromal nonimmune microecosystem.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Oncology (2012), 2012

In recent years, rapid advances were reached in the understanding of a series of biologic signals influencing cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) cells. CMM is in close contact with a peculiar dermal ... [more ▼]

In recent years, rapid advances were reached in the understanding of a series of biologic signals influencing cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) cells. CMM is in close contact with a peculiar dermal extracellular matrix (ECM). Stromal cells store and release various structural ECM components. The impact on CMM growth and progression is mediated through strong and long-lasting effects of ECM products. This paper summarizes some peculiar aspects of the peri-CMM stroma showing intracytoplasmic loads in Factor XIIIa, CD34, versican, and alpha (IV) collagen chains. The restricted peri-CMM skin territory exhibiting such changes corresponds to the area showing neoangiogenesis and extravascular unicellular metastatic spread. The latter inconspicuous migratory CMM cells possibly correspond to CMM stem cells or to CMM cells with aberrant HOX gene expression. Their presence is associated with an increased risk for metastases in the regional sentinel lymph nodes. In conclusion, the CMM-stroma connection appears crucial to the growth regulation, invasiveness and initial metastatic spread of CMM cells. Although much remains to be learned in this field, the active intervention of the peri-CMM stroma is likely involved in the inconspicuous early metastatic migration of CMM cells. [less ▲]

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See detailLa peau infectée par des bactéries au cours des hémopathies malignes.
FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg; SZEPETIUK, Grégory ULg; LESUISSE, Marianne et al

in Dermatologie Actualité (2012), 133

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See detailHOX Gene Aberrant Expression in Skin Melanoma: A Review.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg

in Journal of skin cancer (2012), 2012

The homeobox family and its subset of HOX gene products represent a family of transcription factors directing DNA-protein and protein-protein interactions. In the embryo, they are central regulators in ... [more ▼]

The homeobox family and its subset of HOX gene products represent a family of transcription factors directing DNA-protein and protein-protein interactions. In the embryo, they are central regulators in cell differentiation during morphogenesis. A series of genes of the four HOX gene clusters A, B, C, and D were reported to show aberrant expressions in oncogenesis, particularly in cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM). They are involved in cell proliferation and progression in the CMM metastatic path. We present relevant peer-reviewed literature findings about the aberrant expression of HOX genes in CMM. The number of CMM cell nuclei exhibiting aberrant HOX protein expression appears correlated with tumour progression. [less ▲]

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See detailLa drosophile, les récepteurs Toll-like et nous.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg; SZEPETIUK, Grégory ULg et al

in Dermatologie Actualité (2012), 132

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See detailHair weathering and hair capacitance mapping: a pilot study.
Franchimont, Claudine ULg; PIERARD, Gérald ULg

in Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology (2012), 11(3), 179-82

BACKGROUND: Currently, there is no reported objective method allowing confident assessment of hair hydration mapping. Thus, assessing hair moisture kinetics and versatility according to hair shaft damages ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Currently, there is no reported objective method allowing confident assessment of hair hydration mapping. Thus, assessing hair moisture kinetics and versatility according to hair shaft damages and hair care products is difficult to perform. AIM: To explore a new method for assessing hair moisture. METHOD: A new method of hair capacitance mapping (HCM) is introduced for monitoring hair surface damage and hydration. This study was performed on intact and weathered hair locks. Samples were soaked in 10% solutions of regular shampoos or in tap water alone. HCM was performed using the SkinChip((R)) device based on a semiconductor image sensor technology. Time to complete water desorption from cuticular cells was recorded. RESULTS: Hair surface moisture was increased for <30 min after soaking in the shampoos or water alone. The method was sensitive enough to disclose a gradient of moisture from the base to the tip of the hair shafts. Weathered hairs lost their moisture more rapidly than intact hairs. CONCLUSION: Hair capacitance mapping appears to be a promising method in the assessment of the dynamics of hair surface moisture. [less ▲]

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See detailLes mille et un visages des cellules souches multipotentes de la peau. L'avenir a trouve de nouvelles racines.
Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg; PIERARD, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2012), 67(3), 143-6

Multipotent stem cells of adult skin are found in distinct biological locations identified as niches. These stem cell populations are defined by specific molecular and functional attributes. The epidermal ... [more ▼]

Multipotent stem cells of adult skin are found in distinct biological locations identified as niches. These stem cell populations are defined by specific molecular and functional attributes. The epidermal stem cells are found in the interfollicular areas and in the bulge and isthmus of the hair follicles. Dermal stem cells are harbored in the peripilar connective tissue sheaths and in the hair papilla. Some skin stem cells are found in extracutaneous sites. Other stem cells are involved in pathology, such as neoplastic stem cells identified in malignant melanomas. [less ▲]

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See detailAutoimmunity-related granulomatous dermatitis in association with hepatitis.
Szepetiuk, Gregory; Lesuisse, Marianne; PIERARD, Gérald ULg et al

in Case Reports in Dermatology (2012), 4(1), 80-4

AIM: Both interstitial granulomatous dermatitis (IGD) and palisaded neutrophilic granulomatous dermatitis (PNGD) are rare disorders typically associated with systemic autoimmune conditions. They probably ... [more ▼]

AIM: Both interstitial granulomatous dermatitis (IGD) and palisaded neutrophilic granulomatous dermatitis (PNGD) are rare disorders typically associated with systemic autoimmune conditions. They probably represent different aspects of a disease spectrum encompassing the concept of autoimmunity-related granulomatous dermatitis (ARGD). CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old woman presented with ARGD and autoimmune hepatitis. The clinical presentation suggested PNGD, while histopathology was consistent with IGD. DISCUSSION: The association of ARGD with autoimmune hepatitis is apparently a rare event. The present case shows that the clinicopathological correlation in ARGD does not always clearly fit with the classical presentations of IGD or PNGD. [less ▲]

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See detailSweaty skin, background and assessments.
Noel, Fanchon; Franchimont, Claudine ULg; PIERARD, Gérald ULg et al

in International Journal of Dermatology (2012), 51(6), 647-55

Overproduction of sweat, sweaty skin, and body malodors are felt unpleasant by many people in diverse social groups. This review summarizes the functional aspects of the eccrine, apocrine, and apoeccrine ... [more ▼]

Overproduction of sweat, sweaty skin, and body malodors are felt unpleasant by many people in diverse social groups. This review summarizes the functional aspects of the eccrine, apocrine, and apoeccrine sweat glands as encountered in health and disease. A series of measuring methods are conveniently used to explore any trouble in sweat production. These include the gravimetric method, water evaporation quantification, skin staining procedures, dye injections, casting replicas, average electrometric assessments, and skin capacitance mapping / imaging (SCM). Qualitative assessment is provided by collection of sweat and volatile compounds followed by chromatographic analysis. At present, SCM appears to be the most valuable method for assessing the number of active glands and their individual sweat production by the eccrine and apoeccrine glands. [less ▲]

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See detailLa comorbidite psoriasis-syndrome metabolique, une maladie multigenique complexe.
Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; PIERARD, Gérald ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2012), 67(5-6), 337-40

Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory dermatitis mediated by cytokines released by dendritic plasmacytoid cells in combination with Th1- and Th17-cells. This complex and multifactorial condition is ... [more ▼]

Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory dermatitis mediated by cytokines released by dendritic plasmacytoid cells in combination with Th1- and Th17-cells. This complex and multifactorial condition is commonly associated with some comorbidities. The complexity of a coordinated management of such intricated pathologies is obvious. It calls for the so-called medicine "centered around the patient" which tops off the evidence-based medicine. Vitamin D by its immunomodulatory effect on T helper cells exerts a therapeutic benefit on psoriasis and some of its comorbidities including the metabolic syndrome. A vitamin D oral treatment was proposed in order to reduce the cardiovascular risk, and the ensuing morbidity and mortality. [less ▲]

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See detailChronicle of a superficial pigmented basal cell carcinoma.
CAUCANAS, Marie ULg; FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg; PIERARD, Gérald ULg

in Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine (2012), 2012(693041),

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