References of "FAYMONVILLE, Marie-Elisabeth"
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See detailHypnose, hypnosédation. Conceptions actuelles et leurs applications en chirurgie plastique
Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; Fissette, Jean ULg; Mambourg, P. H. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1994), 49(1), 13-22

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See detailComplement activation during cardiopulmonary bypass in infants and children: Relation to postoperative multiple system organ failure
Seghaye, Marie-Christine ULg; Duchateau, J.; Grabitz, R. G. et al

in Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (1993), 106(6), 978-987

Twenty-nine children 3 months to 17 years of age undergoing operations for congenital heart disease were included in this prospective study. Complement activation, activation of the plasma contact system ... [more ▼]

Twenty-nine children 3 months to 17 years of age undergoing operations for congenital heart disease were included in this prospective study. Complement activation, activation of the plasma contact system, leukocytes, leukocyte elastase release, and C-reactive protein were studied during and after cardiopulmonary bypass for the first postoperative week and related to multiple system organ failure occurring in eight (27.5 %) of the 29 children. During cardiopulmonary bypass complement activation via the alternative pathway as indicated by significant conversion of C3 (expressed by C3d/C3) and abnormally high C5a values at the end of cardiopulmonary bypass without consumption of C4 was shown in all children. At the end of cardiopulmonary bypass, C3 conversion was significantly higher in the eight patients with multiple system organ failure than in the others (p < 0.05), whereas no difference in C5a level was shown. All children had a significant increase in leukocyte count directly after protamine administration (p < 0.0001) and elastase release during cardiopulmonary bypass that was significantly higher in patients with multiple system organ failure than in those without (p < 0.05). Consumption of prekallikrein as an indicator of activation of the Hageman system was not detectable during cardiopulmonary bypass in any child. After cardiopulmonary bypass, in patients without multiple system organ failure, C3d/C3 decreased and reached preoperative values within the first postoperative week, whereas, in patients with multiple system organ failure, C3d/C3 increased further, reaching a maximal value on the third postoperative day. In comparison with patients without multiple system organ failure, patients with multiple system organ failure showed a severe decrease of C4 (with minimal values on the third postoperative day), suggesting consumption by activation of the classic pathway of the complement system or a hepatic synthesis deficiency. Prekallikrein values were also significantly lower in patients with multiple system organ failure than in the others, with a maximal difference on the third postoperative day (p < 0.005). C-reactive protein was significantly lower in patients with multiple system organ failure than in the others for the first 2 postoperative days (p < 0.05), probably because of severe hepatic failure in patients with multiple system organ failure. This study demonstrates that, in children, cardiopulmonary bypass induces complement activation principally via the alternative pathway. It suggests a relationship between complement activation and multiple system organ failure observed in the postoperative period. Furthermore, it points out the role of multiple system organ failure itself on the C3 conversion and on the synthesis of the markers of the inflammatory response in children after heart operations. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiple System Organ Failure after open-heart surgery in infants and children
Seghaye, Marie-Christine ULg; Engelhardt, W.; Grabitz, R. G. et al

in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon (1993), 41(1), 49-53

Between January 1985 and March 1989 we retrospectively observed Multiple System Organ Failure (MSOF) in 16 of 460 children (3.5%) who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass for congenital ... [more ▼]

Between January 1985 and March 1989 we retrospectively observed Multiple System Organ Failure (MSOF) in 16 of 460 children (3.5%) who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass for congenital heart disease. MSOF was arbitrarily defined as a clinical entity with failure of two or more vital organ systems associated with high fever, thrombocytopenia, and cardiocirculatory insufficiency and occurring within the first postoperative week. In 13 children the first clinical manifestations of MSOF were evident on the first postoperative day and in the other 3 on the second or third postoperative day. All children showed acute renal failure, acute hepatic failure, high fever, and thrombocytopenia. Most of them showed respiratory insufficiency and neurological involvement. Seven of the 16 children died. Four of the 9 surviving patients had neurological sequelae still present 6 months after the operation, and the others recovered completely. [less ▲]

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See detailFast double antibody radioimmunoassay of human granulocyte myeloperoxidase and its application to plasma.
Pincemail, Joël ULg; Deby-Dupont, G.; Deby, Christiane ULg et al

in Journal of Immunological Methods (1991), 137(2), 181-191

The haem enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO) (EC 1.11.1.7) with a spectral A430/A280 ratio greater than 0.7 and a specific activity of 125 U/mg was purified from isolated human neutrophils. To obtain a ... [more ▼]

The haem enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO) (EC 1.11.1.7) with a spectral A430/A280 ratio greater than 0.7 and a specific activity of 125 U/mg was purified from isolated human neutrophils. To obtain a radioimmunoassay (RIA) for this enzyme, a specific antiserum against human neutrophil MPO was raised in rabbits and used at an initial dilution of 1/10,000. MPO labelled with 125iodine by a technique of self-labelling in the presence of H2O2, had a specific activity of 24 mCi/mg. After incubation at room temperature (2 h) and separation by double antibody precipitation in the presence of polyethylene glycol, the sensitivity of the RIA was 21 ng/ml. The RIA showed good precision and accuracy with intra- and interassay coefficients of variation of less than 7% for MPO concentrations ranging from 100 to 800 ng/ml, and satisfactory recoveries of known amounts of exogenous MPO in plasma. For the measurement of MPO in blood, the best sampling technique was to collect blood into EDTA. Rapid centrifugation (within 20 min) was necessary for blood collected into heparin. Mean MPO values in normal individuals were 340 +/- 98 ng/ml in EDTA plasma (n = 152) and 332 +/- 82 ng/ml in heparinized plasma (n = 34). When MPO was measured 12-6 h after injury in critically ill patients high values (above 1000 ng/ml) were found in 6/15 patients with multiple injuries. In patients with sepsis (n = 22), MPO values were always above 1000 ng/ml. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma renin activity and urine beta 2-microglobulin during and after cardiopulmonary bypass: pulsatile vs non-pulsatile perfusion
Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg; Larbuisson, Robert ULg; Damas, Pierre ULg et al

in European Heart Journal (1990), 11(12), 1079-1082

Fourteen patients with normal preoperative renal function underwent aortocoronary bypass graft using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with pulsatile (P;n = 7) or non pulsatile (NP;n = 7) perfusion. In the two ... [more ▼]

Fourteen patients with normal preoperative renal function underwent aortocoronary bypass graft using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with pulsatile (P;n = 7) or non pulsatile (NP;n = 7) perfusion. In the two groups prebypass values of plasma renin activity (PRA) and urine beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-M) were within normal limits. PRA increased significantly during CPB and the first 6 h after CPB only in the non-pulsatile group. In both groups, the urine beta 2-M level increased significantly during and after CPB; however, there was no significant difference in urine beta 2-M levels between the two groups. Also, the amount of beta 2-M excreted in urines per unit of time increased significantly in both groups during and after CPB; there was no significant difference between the two groups. [less ▲]

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See detailProteases and antiproteases in adult respiratory distress syndrome
Deby-Dupont, G.; Lamy, Maurice ULg; Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULg et al

in Acute Respiratory Failure Monograph Series: Lung Biology in Health and Disease (1989)

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See detailAcute-phase proteins and proteases-antiproteases in the inflammatory reaction
Lamy, Maurice ULg; Adam, A.; Deby-Dupont, G. et al

in New Horizons: Multiple Organ Failure (1989)

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See detailShock pancreas
Deby-Dupont, G.; Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; Damas, François ULg et al

in Intensive Care News (1988), 1

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See detailEvolution of serum creatine kinase (CK)-MB isoforms during and after coronary surgery
Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; El Allaf, M.; Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULg et al

in European Heart Journal Supplements : Journal of the European Society of Cardiology (1988), 9(suppl.1), 244

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See detailDifferentiating muscle damage from myocardial injury by meaans of the serum creatinine kinase (CK) isoenzyme MB mass measurement/total CK activity ratio
el Allaf, M.; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; El Allaf, Dia ULg et al

in Clinical Chemistry (1986), 32(2), 291-5

We immunoenzymometrically measured creatine kinase (CK) isoenzyme MB in extracts of myocardium and in homogenates of five different skeletal muscles. CK-MB concentrations in the former averaged 80.9 ... [more ▼]

We immunoenzymometrically measured creatine kinase (CK) isoenzyme MB in extracts of myocardium and in homogenates of five different skeletal muscles. CK-MB concentrations in the former averaged 80.9 micrograms/g wet tissue; in the skeletal muscles it varied widely, being (e.g.) 25-fold greater in diaphragm than in psoas. CK-MB in skeletal muscles ranged from 0.9 to 44 ng/U of total CK; the mean for myocardium was 202 ng/U. In sera from 10 trauma and 36 burn patients without myocardial involvement, maximum ratios for CK-MB mass/total CK activity averaged 7 (SEM 1) ng/U and 18 (SEM 6) ng/U, respectively. Except for an infant (220 ng/U), the highest ratio we found for serum after muscular damage was 38 ng/U. In contrast, the mean maximum ratio determined in 23 cases of acute myocardial infarction exceeded 200 ng/U. Among seven determinations performed 8 to 32 h after onset of symptoms, each infarct patient demonstrated at least one ratio greater than or equal to 110 ng/U. Ratios observed after infarct were unrelated to treatment received during the acute phase. We propose a CK-MB/total CK ratio of 80 ng/U as the cutoff value for differentiating myocardial necrosis from muscular injury. [less ▲]

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See detailTrypsin-like activity and thromboxane release in adult respiratory distress syndrome.
Deby-Dupont, Ginette; Pincemail, Joël ULg; Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULg et al

in Prostaglandins (1986), 32(1), 106-10

Plasmatic immunoreactive trypsin (IRT), thromboxane and trypsin-like enzymatic activity were measured in 117 patients at risk of developing adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (53 multiple injury ... [more ▼]

Plasmatic immunoreactive trypsin (IRT), thromboxane and trypsin-like enzymatic activity were measured in 117 patients at risk of developing adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (53 multiple injury, 30 abdominal surgery, 17 acute pancreatitis, 12 burnt and 5 disseminated intravascular coagulation patients). 69 of these patients developed ARDS. Immunoreactive trypsin and thromboxane were measured by radio-immuno-assay and trypsin-like enzymatic activity by spectrophotometry, using a specific chromogenic substrate. Mean IRT value was 675 ng/ml in ARDS and 265 ng/ml in non ARDS patients (p less than 0.05). Mean IRT value was 685 ng/ml in septic and 170 ng/ml in non septic patients (p less than 0.01). An abnormal trypsin-like enzymatic activity was measured in 26 ARDS patients. In 60 patients (37 ARDS and 23 non ARDS), thromboxane appeared in plasma simultaneously or about 24 hours after the beginning of IRT release. The importance of thromboxane release parallels the intensity of IRT. Originating from pancreas, trypsin can appear in plasma either by absorption from gastrointestinal tract or after pancreatic ischemia. [less ▲]

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See detailActivite serique de l'enzyme de conversion de l'angiotensine pendant la circulation extracorporelle chez l'homme.
Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; Larbuisson, Robert ULg; Radermecker, Maurice ULg et al

in Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie et de ses Filiales (1983), 177(2), 252-8

Serum activity of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) were measured during extra-corporeal circulation in five patients undergoing aorto-coronary bypass surgery. We observed a significant decrease of ... [more ▼]

Serum activity of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) were measured during extra-corporeal circulation in five patients undergoing aorto-coronary bypass surgery. We observed a significant decrease of serum ACE levels in the absence of pulmonary circulation, suggesting that in man the lungs were the major source of circulating ACE. An effective extra-pulmonary liberation of ACE could take place during cardiopulmonary bypass. The levels of serum ACE increased with pulmonary recirculation, but preoperative levels were not reached 24 h later. [less ▲]

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