References of "Etienne, Anne-Marie"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
See detailPourquoi les thérapies comportementales dans la prévention secondaire du patient coronarien ?
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDoes psychological characteristic influence physicians' communication styles? Impact of physicians' locus of control on interviews with a cancer patient and a relative
Libert, Yves; Merckaert, Isabelle; Reynaert, Christine et al

in Supportive Care in Cancer (2006), 14(3), 230-242

Context: Physicians' psychological characteristics may influence their communication styles and may thus interfere with patient-centred communication. Objective: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that ... [more ▼]

Context: Physicians' psychological characteristics may influence their communication styles and may thus interfere with patient-centred communication. Objective: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that, in interviews with a cancer patient and a relative, physicians with an "external" locus of control (LOC; who believe that life outcomes are controlled by external forces such as luck, fate or others) have a communication style different from that of physicians with an "internal" LOC (who believe that life outcomes are controlled by their own characteristics or actions). Design, setting, participants and intervention: Eighty-one voluntary physicians practising in the field of oncology were recorded while performing an actual and a simulated interview with a cancer patient and a relative. Main outcome measures: Physicians' communication skills were assessed using the Cancer Research Campaign Workshop Evaluation Manual. Physicians' LOC was assessed using the Rotter I-E scale. The communication skills of the upper and lower quartiles of physicians in respect of their scores on this scale were compared using Student's t test. Results: In actual interviews, physicians with an "external" LOC talked more to the relative (P=0.017) and used more utterances with an assessment function (P=0.010) than physicians with an "internal" LOC. In simulated interviews, physicians with an "external" LOC used less utterances that give premature information (P=0.031) and used more utterances with a supportive function, such as empathy and reassurance (P=0.029), than physicians with an "internal" LOC. Conclusion: These results provide evidence that physicians' LOC can influence their communication styles. Physicians' awareness of this influence constitutes a step towards a tailoring of their communication skills to every patient's and relative's concerns and needs and thus towards a patient-centred communication. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'aide à l'arrêt du tabagisme : la réussite au long terme
Delvaux, Muriel ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Gaillard, Jean-François et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(1), 27-30

This review deals with the pharmacological and psychological means to help in smoking cessation and compares the efficacy of the different methods. Pharmacological support results in a smoking cessation ... [more ▼]

This review deals with the pharmacological and psychological means to help in smoking cessation and compares the efficacy of the different methods. Pharmacological support results in a smoking cessation rate reaching at best 20-25%. The efficacy of behavioural and cognitive therapy have been much less validated so far. Multidisciplinary specialized centres for helping smokers have been raised under the care of FARES in the French Community of Belgium. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 105 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTeaching communication and stress management skills to junior physicians dealing with cancer patients: a Belgian Interuniversity Curriculum
Bragard, Isabelle ULg; Razavi, Darius; Marchal, Serge et al

in Supportive Care in Cancer (2006), 14(5), 454-461

Background: Ineffective physicians' communication skills have detrimental consequences for patients and their relatives, such as insufficient detection of psychological disturbances, dissatisfaction with ... [more ▼]

Background: Ineffective physicians' communication skills have detrimental consequences for patients and their relatives, such as insufficient detection of psychological disturbances, dissatisfaction with care, poor compliance, and increased risks of litigation for malpractice. These ineffective communication skills also contribute to everyday stress, lack of job satisfaction, and burnout among physicians. Literature shows that communication skills training programs may significantly improve physicians' key communication skills, contributing to improvements in patients' satisfaction with care and physicians' professional satisfaction. This paper describes a Belgian Interuniversity Curriculum (BIC) theoretical roots, principles, and techniques developed for junior physicians specializing in various disciplines dealing with cancer patients. Curriculum description: The 40-h training focuses on two domains: stress management skills and communication skills with cancer patients and their relatives. The teaching method is learner-centered and includes a cognitive, behavioral, and affective approach. The cognitive approach aims to improve physicians' knowledge and skills on the two domains cited. The behavioral approach offers learners the opportunity to practice these appropriate skills through practical exercises and role plays. The affective approach allows participants to express attitudes and feelings that communicating about difficult issues evoke. Such an intensive course seems to be necessary to facilitate the transfer of learned skills in clinical practice. Conclusions: The BIC is the first attempt to bring together a stress management training course and a communication training course that could lead not only to communication skills improvements but also to burnout prevention. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes besoins psychosociaux et le soutien apporté aux patients atteints d'un cancer : une étude nationale belge
Libert, Yves; Merckaert, Isabelle; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg et al

in Oncologie (2006), (8), 465-476

Detailed reference viewed: 128 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailManuel de formation à la gestion du stress et à la communication avec des patients cancéreux et leurs proches
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Bragard, Isabelle ULg; Libert, Yves et al

in CHASSEIGNE, Gérard (Ed.) Stress, santé, société (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 226 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe questionnaire d'interaction Travail-Famille de Nijmegen : resultats preliminaires et interet pour la clinique
Hansez, Isabelle ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Geurts, S.

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2006), 11(2), 1-13

The first purpose of this paper was to analyse the psychometric properties of the French version of the most frequently used survey for measuring work-home interaction, i.e. the Survey Work-home ... [more ▼]

The first purpose of this paper was to analyse the psychometric properties of the French version of the most frequently used survey for measuring work-home interaction, i.e. the Survey Work-home Interaction – Nijmegen (SWING). The second purpose was to determine the direction of influence (with an origin in one domain – work or home- and an impact in the other domain) and the quality of impact (being positive or negative). The third objective was to check the consistency of the scores across relevant sub-groups such as gender and working time. Three cross-sectional surveys (in total, N=254) were conducted. The French version of the SWING, including 24 items, presents acceptable internal consistency and reliability coefficients. The direction of work-home interaction shows a positive impact of work in the family domain. Finally there is some evidence for relevant gender and working time effects. The clinical interest of this questionnaire is also discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 440 (23 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'aide à l'arrêt du tabagisme : une nécessité
Delvaux, Muriel ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Bartsch, Pierre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(11), 863-866

Today the smoker carries a risk of mortality 70% higher compared to the nonsmoker. In Belgium active smoking is indisputably the most important cause of avoidable death. In 2004 it appears that 27% of the ... [more ▼]

Today the smoker carries a risk of mortality 70% higher compared to the nonsmoker. In Belgium active smoking is indisputably the most important cause of avoidable death. In 2004 it appears that 27% of the belgian population was smoking. This review describes the comorbidity associated with active tobacco consumption and defines the concepts of dependence and smoking cessation. It also identifies the three factors which determine the success of smoking cessation, i.e. the degree of nicotinic dependence, the presence of anxio-depressive disorders and the importance of the motivation to the stop. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFactors that influence physicians' detection of distress in patients with cancer - Can a communication skills training program improve physicians' detection?
Merckaert, Isabelle; Libert, Yves; Delvaux, Nicole et al

in Cancer (2005), 104(2), 411-421

BACKGROUND. No study to date has assessed the impact of skills acquisition after a communication skills training program on physicians' ability to detect distress in patients with cancer. METHODS. First ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND. No study to date has assessed the impact of skills acquisition after a communication skills training program on physicians' ability to detect distress in patients with cancer. METHODS. First, the authors used a randomized design to assess the impact, on physicians' ability to detect patients' distress, of a 1-hour theoretical information course followed by 2 communication skills training programs: a 2.5-day basic training program and the same training program consolidated by 6 3-hour consolidation workshops. Then, the investigate contextual, patient, and communication variables or factors associated with physicians' detection of patients' distress were investigated. After they attended the basic communication skills training program, physicians were assigned randomly to consolidation workshops or to a waiting list. Interviews with a cancer patient were recorded before training, after consolidation workshops for the group that attended consolidation workshops, and approximate to 5 months after basic training for the group that attended basic training without the consolidation workshops. Patient distress was recorded with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale before the interviews. Physicians rated their patients' distress on a visual analog scale after the interviews. Physicians' ability to detect patients' distress was measured through computing differences between physicians' ratings of patients' distress and patients' self-reported distress. Communication skills were analyzed according to the Cancer Research Campaign Workshop Evaluation Manual. RESULTS. Fifty-eight physicians were evaluable. Repeated -measures analysis of variance showed no statistically significant changes over time and between groups in physicians' ability to assess patient distress. Mixed-effects modeling showed that physicians' detection of patients' distress was associated negatively with patients' educational level (P = 0.042) and with patients' self-reported distress (P < 0.000). Mixed-effects modeling also showed that physicians' detection of patient distress was associated positively with physicians breaking bad news (P = 0.022) and using assessment skills (P = 0.015) and supportive skills (P = 0.045). CONCLUSIONS. Contrary to what was expected, no change was observed in physicians' ability to detect distress in patients with cancer after a communication skills training programs, regardless of whether physicians attended the basic training program or the basic training program followed by the consolidation workshops. The results indicated a need for further improvements in physicians' detection skills through specific training modules, including theoretical information about factors that interfere with physicians' detection and through role-playing exercises that focus on assessment and supportive skills that facilitate detection. (c) 2005 American Cancer Society. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhysicians' communication with a cancer patient and a relative - A randomized study assessing the efficacy of consolidation workshops
Delvaux, N.; Merckaert, I.; Marchal, S. et al

in Cancer (2005), 103(11), 2397-2411

BACKGROUND. Although patients with cancer are often accompanied by a relative during medical interviews, to the authors' knowledge little is known regarding the efficacy of communication skills training ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND. Although patients with cancer are often accompanied by a relative during medical interviews, to the authors' knowledge little is known regarding the efficacy of communication skills training programs on physicians' communication skills in this context. The objective of the current study was to assess the efficacy of 6 consolidation workshops, 3 hours in length, that were conducted after a 2.5-day basic training program. METHODS. After attending the basic training program, physicians were assigned randomly to consolidation workshops or to a waiting list. Training efficacy was assessed through simulated and actual interviews that were recorded on an audio tape at baseline, after consolidation workshops for the consolidation-workshops group, and 5 months after the end of basic training for the waiting-list group. Communication skills were assessed according to the Cancer Research Campaign Workshop Evaluation Manual. Patients' and relatives' perceptions of and satisfaction with physicians' communication performance were assessed using a 15-item questionnaire. RESULTS. Sixty-two physicians completed the training program. Compared with physicians who participated to the basic training program, when addressing the patient, physicians who were randomized to the consolidation workshops used more open, open directive, and screening questions (P = 0.011 in simulated patient interviews and P = 0.005 in actual patient interviews) and elicited and clarified psychologic concerns more often (P = 0.006 in simulated patient interviews and P < 0.001 in actual patient interviews). When they addressed the relative, physicians who were randomized to the consolidation workshops gave less premature information (P = 0.032 in simulated patient interviews and P < 0.001 in actual patient interviews). When they addressed the patient and the relative simultaneously, physicians who were randomized to the consolidation workshops used more empathy, educated guesses, alerting to reality, confronting, negotiating, and summarizing (P = 0.003 in simulated patient interviews and P = 0.024 in actual patient interviews). Patients, but not relatives, who interacted with physicians in the consolidation-workshops group were more satisfied globally with the interviews (P = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS. Six 3-hour consolidation workshops resulted in improved communication skills addressed to patients and to relatives. The current results showed that the transfer of skills addressing relatives' concerns remained limited and that consolidation workshops should focus even more systematically on the practice of three-person interviews. (c) 2005 American Cancer Society. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg)
See detailQualité de vie au travail.
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg

Scientific conference (2005, April 26)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
See detailQualité de vie et comportements de santé en Wallonie. Perspective développementale
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Bourgeois, Emmanuelle ULg

in Germain, Marc; Potelle, Jean-François (Eds.) La Wallonie à l'aube de XXIe siècle. Portrait d'un pays et de ses habitants (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
See detailLa prise en charge du patient cardiaque.
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg

Scientific conference (2004, November 26)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa sensibilité à l'anxiété, une synthèse
Chaboteaux, Martine; Delvaux, Muriel ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2004), IX(2), 1-8

This article makes a literature's overview about the concept of anxiety sensitivity, i.e. fear of anxiety sensations . After the definition of anxiety sensitivity and description of the main theorical ... [more ▼]

This article makes a literature's overview about the concept of anxiety sensitivity, i.e. fear of anxiety sensations . After the definition of anxiety sensitivity and description of the main theorical models, methods of measurement will be shown. Then, the comorbidity between anxiety sensitivity and anxiety disorders, more specifically panic disorder, as well as between anxiety sensitivity and hyperventilation, depression and chronic health disorders will be examined. At last, the treatment of anxiety sensitivity's benefits and some research perspectives will be considered. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 272 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailQualité de vie et qualité de vie au travail chez des policiers liégeois
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Martel, J.-P.; Dupuis, G.

Conference (2004, May 12)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEmpathie et Trouble Oppositionnel chez l'enfant de 8 à 12 ans
Dahmen, Caroline; Malpas, Anne; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2004), IX(1), 3-11

A literature review underlines strong links between facial expression recognition difficulty, lack of empathy and behaviour disorder. The main goal of this study was to assess if, as it is suggested in ... [more ▼]

A literature review underlines strong links between facial expression recognition difficulty, lack of empathy and behaviour disorder. The main goal of this study was to assess if, as it is suggested in the literature, oppositional children presented an empathy deficit that can make them more aggressive. Forty children between 8 and 10 years old (15 control children and 15 oppositional children) were subjected to the “Empathy Response Task” from Ricard et Kamberk-Kilicci (1995). As expected, results show that oppositional children are significantly less empathic that control children. Anger is often assigned to protagonists even when it isn’t present. This can be interpreted by the “hostile attribution distortion” according to wich the children with behaviour disorders tend to allocate hostile intentions to others (Milich & Dodge, 1984). Working on empathy must be integrated in behaviour disorder children therapy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 356 (16 ULg)
See detailLa place du psychologue dans les maladies cardiovasculaires.
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIdentity and expression memory for happy and angry faces in social anxiety
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg et al

in Acta Psychologica (2003), 114(1), 1-15

We examined the influence of social anxiety on memory for both identity and emotional expressions of unfamiliar faces. Participants high and low in social anxiety were presented with happy and angry faces ... [more ▼]

We examined the influence of social anxiety on memory for both identity and emotional expressions of unfamiliar faces. Participants high and low in social anxiety were presented with happy and angry faces and were later asked to recognise the same faces displaying a neutral expression. They also had to remember what the initial expressions of the faces had been. Remember/know/guess judgements were asked both for identity and expression memory. For participants low in social anxiety, both identity and expression memory were more often associated with "remember" responses when the faces were previously seen with a happy rather than an angry expression. In contrast, the initial expression of the faces did not affect either identity or expression memory for participants high in social anxiety. We interpreted these findings by arguing that most people tend to preferentially elaborate positive rather than negative social stimuli that are important to the self and that this tendency may be reduced in high socially anxious individuals because of the negative meaning they tend to ascribe to positive social information. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (7 ULg)