References of "Erpicum, Sébastien"
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See detailExperimental and numerical study of the breaching of an embankment dam
Dupont, E.; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 32nd IAHR Biennial Congress - Harmonizing the demands from art and nature (2007)

In the framework of the study of the collapse of an embankment dam following its overtopping, an experimental study of the progressive breaching of such a dam has been performed. The present laboratory ... [more ▼]

In the framework of the study of the collapse of an embankment dam following its overtopping, an experimental study of the progressive breaching of such a dam has been performed. The present laboratory tests enable to validate and to complete a numerical approach previously studied by the authors. The two-dimensional analysis of the breaching is carried out on a scale model in a flume. A cross-section of a dam is scaled according to proper similarity rules, both for the flow and for the solid transport. The originality of the approach lies in the interaction between the experimental and numerical work. The experiments on the scale model are filmed in order to determine the time evolution of the dam profiles. The cross sections are extracted from the films and analyzed by an image-processing algorithm specifically developed for this application. These results are integrated into the hydrodynamic model WOLF2D, which computes the flow generated by the given transient topography and eventually supplies the relevant hydraulic parameters characterizing the dam breaching. [less ▲]

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See detailHydraulique Appliquée
Pirotton, Michel ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

Learning material (2007)

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See detailReservoirs to mitigate flood events on the River Ourthe in Belgium
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 75th Annual Meeting of the International Committee on Large Dams (2007)

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See detailNew spillway at the Esch-sur-Sûre dam in Luxembourg
Lazaro, Philippe; Toussin, Guy; Didier, Gilles et al

in Wasserwirtschaft (2007), 10

The 50-m high arch dam of Esch-sur-Sûre, built on the river Sûre between 1956 and 1957, is located 1.2 km upstream of the town of esch-sur-Sûre in the north west of Luxembourg. As the dam is not equipped ... [more ▼]

The 50-m high arch dam of Esch-sur-Sûre, built on the river Sûre between 1956 and 1957, is located 1.2 km upstream of the town of esch-sur-Sûre in the north west of Luxembourg. As the dam is not equipped with a surface spillway, the construction of a new one is considered necessary. The new spillway design with a discharge capacity of 400 m³/s consists in building two labyrinth weirs discharging into a spillway tunnel passing under the left dam abutment. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimisation objective de paramètres en écoulements turbulents à surface libre sur maillage multibloc
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg

Doctoral thesis (2006)

The chronology of the theoretical and numerical researches outlined in this text is closely linked to our attachment to the physical modelling and to the practical concerns related to important hydraulic ... [more ▼]

The chronology of the theoretical and numerical researches outlined in this text is closely linked to our attachment to the physical modelling and to the practical concerns related to important hydraulic projects. The various applications carried out daily in the HACH , several of the being presented here, enabled to identify the ways to improve the existing numerical models of WOLF , as well as needs in new representation potentialities. The most of the developments described in this text were born from there, with as main objective to increase the capacities of the HACH’s models to help to the management and the design of hydraulic constructions. The hydraulic structures design, and the main part of the practical problems related to free surface flows hydrodynamics, requires both large and small scales studies, with reliable models locally suited to the represented phenomena, and thus variable in a single study depending on the particular point examined. On another hand, the shape and working optimization of hydraulic structures requires robust calibration tools allowing an objective approach. The latter have to be linked to simulation software with modelling capacities and computation times in agreement with the optimization requirements. Both these assessments specify the framework of the researches of this thesis and are at the roots of the definition of the objectives of this work. The first chapters of developments aim to describe the numerical framework of the WOLF package, and more particularly the 1D and 2D models. The rationalization of the computation times for large scale one-dimensional simulations is improved at this stage by implementing in the 1D solver an implicit time integration scheme in parallel to the existing explicit one. Similarly, some improvements have been brought to the solver WOLF2D. They concern the automatic extension of the computation domain regarding the wet and dry cells, the treatment of the slope and roughness source terms with an energetic approach, the water volume conservation as well as the reorganization of the equations resolution scheme in order to be totally free in the choice of the mathematical model to solve. The enrichment of the modelling potentialities of the WOLF software is then pursued by setting, implementing and applying an original turbulence model suited to the specific characteristics of the depth integrated flow modelling. In order to get over the computer and modelling limitations inherent in the use of a single mesh size to model a 2D domain, developments have been carried out to allow the realisation of two-dimensional computations on a structured Cartesian grid composed of several areas with different mesh sizes. In the same way, developments have been carried out to use the whole of the mathematical models available in WOLF2D simultaneously and automatically in a single simulation. The ultimate step of these developments consisted in linking the 1D and the 2D models in a single computation. Following all these steps of developments of hydrodynamic models, a suitable tool for parameters automatic calibration has been set up. Usable with any solver of the WOLF package, it allows the calibration of the whole of the physical parameters present in the hydrodynamic solvers, as well as the resolution of any calibration or optimization problem with these models. The final parallelisation of this Genetic Algorithms based tool opens the door to complex applications, such as the hydraulic design of structures on the basis of two-dimensional simulations of free surface turbulent flows on multiblock grid. At each step, the validation of the developments is rigorously performed through the comparison of the numerical results with those from test cases, theoretical or experimental, original or from the literature. Several practical applications examples illustrate the whole of the developed modelling potentialities and prove their applicability and efficiency facing the most of practical problems encountered by hydraulic engineers. [less ▲]

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See detailDecision making numerical tools for the rehabilitation of hydraulic structures - Application to the Nisramont dam in Belgium
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Proceedings of the ICOLD 22th Congress (2006)

In the global framework of climate change, hydraulic structures rehabilitation is an up-to-date subject requiring appropriate design and impact studies. In this scope, upgrading the release facilities of ... [more ▼]

In the global framework of climate change, hydraulic structures rehabilitation is an up-to-date subject requiring appropriate design and impact studies. In this scope, upgrading the release facilities of dams is an important point since any badly controlled rise of water level in the reservoir leads usually to both up and downstream consequences, often irreversible. Suitable numerical models, coupled with contemporary computational possibilities, allow today engineers to forecast the complex situations induced on real structures by extreme events with increasing representativeness and accuracy. In this field, WOLF software, a process oriented free surface flows computation package completely set up by the HACH team, has proved its efficiency and reliability for years through numerous theoretical, experimental as well as on real structures applications. In this paper, the rehabilitation study of the Nisramont dam (Belgium) is presented. Located on the Ourthe River, a few kilometers upstream of the town of La Roche, this 21-meter high dam came into service in 1958 and was, in a first time, dedicated to be used as a cofferdam during the construction of a downstream larger reservoir of 250 hm³. But this second dam was never built and Nisramont became a definitive reservoir of 3 hm³ assuming the drinking water supply of a large part of the population of the south of Belgium and producing hydro-electricity. Due to its temporary primary tasks, the stilling basin downstream of the three 12.5 m large notches of the crest spillway has been designed for a short time use. Similarly, the 3 bottom outlets have never been equipped with valves and are thus unusable for the reservoir management. In order to secure the structure and to make it comply with its definitive working objectives, while taking into account climate change observations, the Ministère wallon de l’Equipement et des Transport (MET) - Direction des barrages de l’Est (D. 241) entrusted the HACH with evaluating up to date critical flood discharges and with designing a system in accord with these new values for the rehabilitation of the bottom outlets and the evacuation of the floods to the downstream river. This study has mainly been carried out using software of the WOLF package, successively applied to model really observed extreme events on the structure, to define new peak flow discharge and to design the stilling basin. [less ▲]

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See detailModélisation hydrodynamique des zones inondables en Région wallonne
Pirotton, Michel ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Cahiers de l'Urbanisme (Les) (2006)

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See detailNumerical tools for dam break risk assessment: validation and application to a large complex of dams
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Hewlett, Henry (Ed.) Improvements in reservoir construction, operation and maintenance (2006)

The present paper first describes briefly the hydrodynamic model WOLF 2D. Secondly, the simulation of the Malpasset dam break enables to highlight the effectiveness of WOLF 2D. Lastly, the model is ... [more ▼]

The present paper first describes briefly the hydrodynamic model WOLF 2D. Secondly, the simulation of the Malpasset dam break enables to highlight the effectiveness of WOLF 2D. Lastly, the model is applied to simulate the flood generated by the hypothetic collapse of a large concrete dam, which would induce three dam breaks in cascade. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling flood events using high resolution digital elevation models and considering the sediment interaction with constructions in floodplains
Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Hydroinformatics (2006)

The main objective of the present paper is a description of two effective numerical 2D models to be used as strategic tools in the process of flood risks assessment and mitigation. The first one is a ... [more ▼]

The main objective of the present paper is a description of two effective numerical 2D models to be used as strategic tools in the process of flood risks assessment and mitigation. The first one is a model for hydrodynamics simplified according to the diffusive assumption while the second one is a complete model based on the shallow water equations. Each of them is solved with an efficient numerical technique (including implicit time integration schemes and GMRES linear solvers) maximizing the convergence rate towards a steady state. A practical case study, for which a high resolution Digital Elevation Model exists, will be presented. The study shows the consequences on structures of a new construction in the floodplain in terms of inundation and erosion. [less ▲]

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See detail1D and 2D solvers coupling for free surface flow modelling
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Hydroinformatics (2006)

In the field of hydraulic engineering, the size of the simulations is one of the current challenges to model with precision the large areas involved by practical engineers applications. In this scope, the ... [more ▼]

In the field of hydraulic engineering, the size of the simulations is one of the current challenges to model with precision the large areas involved by practical engineers applications. In this scope, the linking in the same modelization of different solvers, each one used in the part of the simulation where its fundamental characteristics are most suitable, open the door to still unreached modelling possibilities. WOLF software includes a series of numerical tools for simulating a wide range of free surface flows and transport phenomena. This paper presents the coupling of the 1D and 2D multiblock finite volume models of WOLF to simulate in a unified way large river reaches (in 1D) with a very fine computation of local areas (in 2D). An application to the simulation of the propagation of the waves following the filling and emptying operations of a large locks system on a several kilometres long reach of the river Meuse (Belgium) is presented. [less ▲]

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See detailFluid - structure interaction modeling with a coupled 1D - 2D free surface flow solver
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Proceedings of Riverflow 2006 (2006)

Wolf software is a set of coupled numerical tools developed for almost ten years for simulating a wide range of free surface flows and transport phenomena. In the scope of new applications in hydraulic ... [more ▼]

Wolf software is a set of coupled numerical tools developed for almost ten years for simulating a wide range of free surface flows and transport phenomena. In the scope of new applications in hydraulic structure design and fluid-structure interaction, additional developments have been implemented in the finite volume 2D model to deal with boundaries not aligned along axis or with moving structures. The cut cell based approach, simpler than other classical methods, is based on the division with a sub-grid of the initial Cartesian meshes. While keeping the advantages of regular grids in terms of simplicity, accuracy and storage capacity, it enables to compute instantaneous effects of a structure movement on the fluid or to deal with complex boundaries inclined compared to mesh axis. Several test cases are presented, as well as an applica-tion of the enhanced model, coupled with a 1D one, to the computation of the hydrodynamic fields induced by a lock-door movement. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental and numerical investigations to assess and mitigate sedimentation problems: application to a large dam in India
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 7th National Congress on theoretical and applied Mechanics (2006)

In the global framework of river management, sedimentation problems in dam reservoirs and adjacent structures are multiple and of major interest for designers as well as dam owners or managers. Before dam ... [more ▼]

In the global framework of river management, sedimentation problems in dam reservoirs and adjacent structures are multiple and of major interest for designers as well as dam owners or managers. Before dam construction, these problems can be assessed by several techniques. In this paper, the experimental and numerical sedimentation studies realized at the Laboratory of Applied Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Constructions (HACH) of the University of Liège on a large hydropower plant project in India are presented. Three main issues related to sedimentation problems are analyzed in details. [less ▲]

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See detailTheoretical and numerical analysis of the hydrodynamic waves induced by dam breaks and their interaction with structures located downstream
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 7th National Congress on theoretical and applied Mechanics (2006)

The present paper first describes briefly the hydrodynamic model WOLF 2D, developed at the University of Liege and suitable for conducting dam break risk assessment. Secondly, the simulation of the flood ... [more ▼]

The present paper first describes briefly the hydrodynamic model WOLF 2D, developed at the University of Liege and suitable for conducting dam break risk assessment. Secondly, the simulation of the flood induced by the Malpasset dam break enables to highlight the effectiveness of WOLF 2D. Lastly, the model is applied to demonstrate the key advantages of the most contemporary approach for reproducing the effect of buildings on the flow behaviour. The recommended modelling technique is based on a high resolution Digital Elevation Model, provided by laser measurements. [less ▲]

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