References of "Ernst, Damien"
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See detailGlobal capacity announcement of electrical distribution systems: A pragmatic approach
Cornélusse, Bertrand ULg; Vangulick, David; Glavic, Mevludin ULg et al

in Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks (2015), 4

We propose a pragmatic procedure to facilitate the connection process of Distributed Generation (DG) with reference to the European regulatory framework where Distribution System Operators (DSOs) are ... [more ▼]

We propose a pragmatic procedure to facilitate the connection process of Distributed Generation (DG) with reference to the European regulatory framework where Distribution System Operators (DSOs) are, except in specific cases, not allowed to own their generation. The procedure is termed Global Capacity ANnouncement (GCAN) and is intended to compute the estimates of maximum generation connection amount at appropriate substations in a distribution system, to help generation connection decisions. The pragmatism of the proposed procedure stems from its reliance on the tools that are routinely used in distribution systems planning and operation, and their use such that the possibilities of network sterilization are avoided. The tools involved include: long-term load forecasting, long-term planning of network extension/reinforcement, network reconfiguration, and power flow. Network sterilizing substations are identified through repeated power flow computations. The proposed procedure is supported by results using an artificially created 5-bus test system, the IEEE 33-bus test system, and a part of real-life distribution system of ORES (a Belgian DSO serving a large portion of the Walloon region in Belgium). [less ▲]

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See detailSequential decision-making approach for quadrangular mesh generation
Johnen, Amaury ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in Engineering with Computers (2015), 31(4), 729-735

A new indirect quadrangular mesh generation algorithm which relies on sequential decision-making techniques to search for optimal triangle recombinations is presented. In contrast to the state-of-art ... [more ▼]

A new indirect quadrangular mesh generation algorithm which relies on sequential decision-making techniques to search for optimal triangle recombinations is presented. In contrast to the state-of-art Blossom-quad algorithm, this new algorithm is a good candidate for addressing the 3D problem of recombining tetrahedra into hexahedra. [less ▲]

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See detailArabie saoudite et Etats-Unis: un divorce annoncé
Hermans, Michel ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg

Article for general public (2015)

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See detailReinforcement Learning of Heuristic EV Fleet Charging in a Day-Ahead Electricity Market
Vandael, Stijn; Claessens, Bert; Ernst, Damien ULg et al

in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid (2015), 6(4), 1795-1805

This paper addresses the problem of defining a day-ahead consumption plan for charging a fleet of electric vehicles (EVs), and following this plan during operation. A challenge herein is the beforehand ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the problem of defining a day-ahead consumption plan for charging a fleet of electric vehicles (EVs), and following this plan during operation. A challenge herein is the beforehand unknown charging flexibility of EVs, which depends on numerous details about each EV (e.g., plug-in times, power limitations, battery size, power curve, etc.). To cope with this challenge, EV charging is controlled during opertion by a heuristic scheme, and the resulting charging behavior of the EV fleet is learned by using batch mode reinforcement learning. Based on this learned behavior, a cost-effective day-ahead consumption plan can be defined. In simulation experiments, our approach is benchmarked against a multistage stochastic programming solution, which uses an exact model of each EVs charging flexibility. Results show that our approach is able to find a day-ahead consumption plan with comparable quality to the benchmark solution, without requiring an exact day-ahead model of each EVs charging flexibility. [less ▲]

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See detailAn economic case for transnational and international transmission
Ernst, Damien ULg

Speech/Talk (2015)

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See detailGraph matching for reconciling SCADA and GIS of a distribution network
Cornélusse, Bertrand ULg; Leroux, Amandine; Glavic, Mevludin ULg et al

in Proceedings of the International Conference on Electricity Distribution, CIRED 2015 (2015, June)

This article deals with the problem of automatically es- tablishing a correspondence between two databases popu- lated independently over the years by a distribution com- pany, for instance a SCADA system ... [more ▼]

This article deals with the problem of automatically es- tablishing a correspondence between two databases popu- lated independently over the years by a distribution com- pany, for instance a SCADA system and a geographical information system. This problem is abstracted as a graph matching problem, well known in the combinatorial op- timisation community. It is then casted as an integer quadratic program. An idea of achievable results on a real system is provided, and needs for approximation or decom- position algorithms are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailA process to address electricity distribution sector challenges: the GREDOR project approach
Cornélusse, Bertrand ULg; Vangulick, David; Glavic, Mevludin ULg et al

in Proceedings of the International Conference on Electricity Distribution, CIRED 2015 (2015, June)

This paper presents a general process set in the GREDOR (French acronym for “Gestion des Réseaux Electriques de Distribution Ouverts aux Renouvelables”) project to address the challenges in distribution ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a general process set in the GREDOR (French acronym for “Gestion des Réseaux Electriques de Distribution Ouverts aux Renouvelables”) project to address the challenges in distribution systems posed by the integration of renewable generation, changing load patterns, and the changes in the electricity market sector. A use case describing interactions among different players that fits the process is also presented. A pseudo-dynamic approach to Global Capacity Announcement as a way to increase penetration of Renewable Energy Sources in a distribution system is elaborated in more details. [less ▲]

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See detailMacroscopic analysis of interaction models for the provision of flexibility in distribution systems
Mathieu, Sébastien ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg; Cornélusse, Bertrand ULg

in Proceedings of the International Conference on Electricity Distribution, CIRED 2015 (2015, June)

To ease the transition towards the future of distribution grid management, regulators must revise the current interaction model, that is, the set of rules guiding the interactions between all the parties ... [more ▼]

To ease the transition towards the future of distribution grid management, regulators must revise the current interaction model, that is, the set of rules guiding the interactions between all the parties of the system. Five interaction models are proposed, three of them considering active network management. This paper evaluates the economic efficiency of each model using macroscopic representation of the system, by opposition to more techniques requiring a complete picture of the system. The interaction models are simulated on the horizon 2015-2030. Results show that for the first five years all the models provide similar economic efficiency. For the remaining ten years, interaction models implementing active network management provide up to a 10% higher economic efficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailThe global grid for empowering renewable energy
Ernst, Damien ULg

Speech/Talk (2015)

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See detailArtificial Intelligence in Video Games: Towards a Unified Framework
Safadi, Firas ULg; Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg

in International Journal of Computer Games Technology (2015), 2015

With modern video games frequently featuring sophisticated and realistic environments, the need for smart and comprehensive agents that understand the various aspects of complex environments is pressing ... [more ▼]

With modern video games frequently featuring sophisticated and realistic environments, the need for smart and comprehensive agents that understand the various aspects of complex environments is pressing. Since video game AI is often specifically designed for each game, video game AI tools currently focus on allowing video game developers to quickly and efficiently create specific AI. One issue with this approach is that it does not efficiently exploit the numerous similarities that exist between video games not only of the same genre, but of different genres too, resulting in a difficulty to handle the many aspects of a complex environment independently for each video game. Inspired by the human ability to detect analogies between games and apply similar behavior on a conceptual level, this paper suggests an approach based on the use of a unified conceptual framework to enable the development of conceptual AI which relies on conceptual views and actions to define basic yet reasonable and robust behavior. The approach is illustrated using two video games, Raven and StarCraft: Brood War. [less ▲]

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See detailThe inevitable downfall of the Belgian electrical power industry?
Ernst, Damien ULg

Speech/Talk (2015)

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See detailL'arme de la transition énergétique pour combattre les djihadistes
Ernst, Damien ULg; Hermans, Michel ULg

Article for general public (2015)

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See detailElectricity storage with liquid fuels in a zone powered by 100% variable renewables
Léonard, Grégoire ULg; François-Lavet, Vincent ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on the European Energy Market - EEM15 (2015)

In this work, an electricity zone with 100% renewables is simulated to determine the optimal sizing of generation and storage capacities in such a zone. Using actual wind output data, the model evaluates ... [more ▼]

In this work, an electricity zone with 100% renewables is simulated to determine the optimal sizing of generation and storage capacities in such a zone. Using actual wind output data, the model evaluates the economic viability of a power-to-fuel storage technology that combines water electrolysis, CO2 capture and methanol synthesis. The main advantage of using methanol as an energy carrier is that liquid fuels are suitable for (long-term) energy storage thanks to their high energy density. The levelized electricity cost projection by 2050 equals 83.4 €/MWh in the base case configuration. The effects of storage round-trip efficiency and the storage unit lifetime are quantified and their impacts on the electricity cost discussed. Additional benefits of using methanol as a fuel substitute may be taken into account in further work. [less ▲]

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See detailUsing approximate dynamic programming for estimating the revenues of a hydrogen-based high-capacity storage device
François-Lavet, Vincent ULg; Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg

in IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (2014)

This paper proposes a methodology to estimate the maximum revenue that can be generated by a company that operates a high-capacity storage device to buy or sell electricity on the day-ahead electricity ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a methodology to estimate the maximum revenue that can be generated by a company that operates a high-capacity storage device to buy or sell electricity on the day-ahead electricity market. The methodology exploits the Dynamic Programming (DP) principle and is specified for hydrogen-based storage devices that use electrolysis to produce hydrogen and fuel cells to generate electricity from hydrogen. Experimental results are generated using historical data of energy prices on the Belgian market. They show how the storage capacity and other parameters of the storage device influence the optimal revenue. The main conclusion drawn from the experiments is that it may be advisable to invest in large storage tanks to exploit the inter-seasonal price fluctuations of electricity. [less ▲]

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See detailBlackouts: des vérités qui dérangent
Ernst, Damien ULg

Speech/Talk (2014)

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See detailMathematical Modeling of HIV Dynamics After Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation: A Review
Rivadeneira, Pablo; Moog, Claude; Stan, Guy-Bart et al

in BioResearch Open Acces (2014), 3(5), 233-241

This review shows the potential ground-breaking impact that mathematical tools may have in the analysis and the understanding of the HIV dynamics. In the first part, early diagnosis of immunological ... [more ▼]

This review shows the potential ground-breaking impact that mathematical tools may have in the analysis and the understanding of the HIV dynamics. In the first part, early diagnosis of immunological failure is inferred from the estimation of certain parameters of a mathematical model of the HIV infection dynamics. This method is supported by clinical research results from an original clinical trial: data just after 1 month following therapy initiation are used to carry out the model identification. The diagnosis is shown to be consistent with results from monitoring of the patients after 6 months. In the second part of this review, prospective research results are given for the design of individual anti-HIV treatments optimizing the recovery of the immune system and minimizing side effects. In this respect, two methods are discussed. The first one combines HIV population dynamics with pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics models to generate drug treatments using impulsive control systems. The second one is based on optimal control theory and uses a recently published differential equation to model the side effects produced by highly active antiretroviral therapy therapies. The main advantage of these revisited methods is that the drug treatment is computed directly in amounts of drugs, which is easier to interpret by physicians and patients. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimal Assignment of Off-Peak Hours to Lower Curtailments in the Distribution Network
Merciadri, Luca ULg; Mathieu, Sébastien ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 5th European Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT) (2014, October)

We consider a price signal with two settings: off-peak tariff and on-peak tariff. Some loads are connected to specific electricity meters which allow the consumption of power only in off-peak periods ... [more ▼]

We consider a price signal with two settings: off-peak tariff and on-peak tariff. Some loads are connected to specific electricity meters which allow the consumption of power only in off-peak periods. Historically, off-peak periods were located during the night and on-peak periods during the day. Changing the assignment of off-peak periods is an easy method for distribution system operators to access to the flexibility of small consumers. This solution can be implemented quickly as the infrastructure needed already exists in some countries. We propose a mixed-integer linear model to assign optimally the off-peak hours so as to minimize a societal cost. This cost gathers together the cost of electricity, the financial losses due to energy curtailments of photovoltaic installations and the loads' wellbeing. Our model considers automatic tripping of inverters and constraints of the electrical distribution networks. Simulation results show that the new disposition of off-peak hours could reduce significantly the photovoltaic energy curtailed in the summer. [less ▲]

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