References of "Dupret, Marc-Antoine"
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See detailNew light on the driving mechanism in roAp stars. I. Effects of metallicity
Théado, S.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2009), 493

Context: Observations suggest that a relationship exists between the driving mechanism of roAp star pulsations and the heavy element distribution in these stars. Aims: We attempt to study the effects of ... [more ▼]

Context: Observations suggest that a relationship exists between the driving mechanism of roAp star pulsations and the heavy element distribution in these stars. Aims: We attempt to study the effects of local and global metallicity variations on the excitation mechanism of high order p-modes in A star models. Methods: We developed stellar evolutionary models to describe magnetic A stars with different global metallicity or local metal accumulation profiles. These models were computed with CLES (``Code Liègeois d'évolution stellaire''), and the stability of our models was assessed with the non-adiabatic oscillation code MAD. Results: Our models reproduce the blue edge of the roAp star instability strip, but generate a red edge hotter than the observed one, regardless of metallicity. Surprisingly, we find that an increase in opacity inside the driving region can produce a lower amount of driving, which we refer to as the ``inverse kappa-mechanism''. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst asteroseismic results from CoRoT
Michel, Eric; Baglin, A.; Weiss, W. W. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2008), 156

About one year after the end of the first observational run and six months after the first CoRoT data delivery, we comment the data exploitation progress for different types of stars. We consider first ... [more ▼]

About one year after the end of the first observational run and six months after the first CoRoT data delivery, we comment the data exploitation progress for different types of stars. We consider first results to illustrate how these data of unprecedented quality shed a new light on the field of stellar seismology. [less ▲]

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See detailIs HD 163899 really a supergiant star?
Godart, Mélanie ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2008), 157

According to its spectral type B2 Ib/I I (Klare & Neckel 1977; Schmidt & Carruthers 1996), HD163899 is a supergiant star. The star presents p and g-mode pulsations (Saio et al. 2006). In such a post-main ... [more ▼]

According to its spectral type B2 Ib/I I (Klare & Neckel 1977; Schmidt & Carruthers 1996), HD163899 is a supergiant star. The star presents p and g-mode pulsations (Saio et al. 2006). In such a post-main sequence (post MS) star, the helium core is radiative with a very large Brunt-Väisälä frequency which produces a strong damping. The presence of excited g-modes is however possible thanks to an intermediate convective zone (ICZ) which prevents some g-modes from entering the radiative damping core (Saio et al. 2006). We have investigated an alternative solution. We show that MS evolutionary tracks could cross the error box of HD 163899 if a sufficiently large amount of overshooting is taken into account. However, in that case, the spectrum of unstable modes is different from the spectrum of a supergiant star since the Brunt-Väisälä frequency is much smaller. [less ▲]

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See detailThe driving mechanism of roAp stars : effects of global metallicity
Theado, S.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2008), 157

We have investigated the influence of global metallicity on the excitation mechanism of roAp star pulsations. Our computations show that the opacity in the driving region of the roAp modes is strongly ... [more ▼]

We have investigated the influence of global metallicity on the excitation mechanism of roAp star pulsations. Our computations show that the opacity in the driving region of the roAp modes is strongly sensitive to the metal content but surprisingly the roAp theoretical instability strip is only weakly affected by metallicity changes. [less ▲]

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See detailProblems and prospects in stellar physics
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2008), 157

Main difficulties and uncertainties in stellar physics originate in the modelling of convection, microscopic and macroscopic transport mechanisms and rotation. I consider each of these physical aspects ... [more ▼]

Main difficulties and uncertainties in stellar physics originate in the modelling of convection, microscopic and macroscopic transport mechanisms and rotation. I consider each of these physical aspects, with a particular attention to their possible probe by asteroseismology. Another important question about opacities is considered by Montalban & Miglio (2008). [less ▲]

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See detailModeling stochastic excitation of acoustic modes in stars: present status and perspectives
Samadi, R.; Belkacem, Kevin ULg; Goupil, M*-J et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2008), 157

Solar-like oscillations have now been detected for more than ten years and their frequencies measured for a still growing number of stars with various characteristics (e.g. mass, chemical composition ... [more ▼]

Solar-like oscillations have now been detected for more than ten years and their frequencies measured for a still growing number of stars with various characteristics (e.g. mass, chemical composition, evolutionary stage ...). Excitation of such oscillations is attributed to turbu- lent convection and takes place in the uppermost part of the convective envelope. Since the pioneering work of Goldreich & Keely (1977), more sophisticated theoretical models of stochastic excitation were developed, which differ from each other both by the way turbulent convection is modeled and by the assumed sources of excitation. We briefly review here the different underlying approximations and assumptions of those models. A second part shows that computed mode excitation rates crucially depend on the way time-correlations between eddies are described but also on the surface metal abundance of the star. [less ▲]

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See detailPreliminary seismic study of the gamma Doradus COROT target HD 49434
Bouabid, M.-P.; Uytterhoeven, K.; Miglio, Andrea ULg et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2008), 157

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See detailThe driving mechanism of roAp stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Théado, S.; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2008), 118

We analyse in detail the driving mechanism of roAp stars and present the theoretical instability strip predicted by our models with solar metallicity. A particular attention is given to the interpretation ... [more ▼]

We analyse in detail the driving mechanism of roAp stars and present the theoretical instability strip predicted by our models with solar metallicity. A particular attention is given to the interpretation of the role played by the different eigenfunctions in the stabilization of the modes at the red edge of the instability strip. The gradient of temperature in the H[SUB]I[/SUB] opacity bump appears to play a major role in this context. We also consider the particular and complex role played by the shape of the eigenfunctions (location of the nodes, ...). [less ▲]

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See detailTime-dependent convection study of the driving mechanism in the DBV white dwarfs
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Quirion, P. O.; Fontaine, G. et al

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2008), 118

We apply for the first time time-dependent convection (TDC) models to the study of the driving mechanism of the Pulsating DB (V777 Herculis) white dwarfs. From the blue to the red edge of the instability ... [more ▼]

We apply for the first time time-dependent convection (TDC) models to the study of the driving mechanism of the Pulsating DB (V777 Herculis) white dwarfs. From the blue to the red edge of the instability strip of these stars, TDC appears to play a central role in the driving. Around the blue edge, the convection adapts quasi-instantaneously to the oscillations, so that TDC must be included in the models. For the first time, we show that the red edge of the DB instability strip is successfully obtained with a TDC treatment, especially thanks to the terms due to the turbulent pressure variations, while it is not reproduced with frozen convection models. [less ▲]

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See detailDriving and damping mechanisms in hybrid pressure-gravity modes pulsators
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Miglio, Andrea ULg; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg et al

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2008), 118

We study the energetic aspects of hybrid pressure-gravity modes pulsations. The case of hybrid beta Cephei-SPB pulsators is considered with special attention. In addition to the already known sensitivity ... [more ▼]

We study the energetic aspects of hybrid pressure-gravity modes pulsations. The case of hybrid beta Cephei-SPB pulsators is considered with special attention. In addition to the already known sensitivity of the driving mechanism to the heavy elements mixture (mainly the iron abundance), we show that the characteristics of the propagation and evanescent regions play also a major role, determining the extension of the stable gap in the frequency domain between the unstable low order pressure and high order gravity modes. Finally, we consider the case of hybrid delta Sct-gamma Dor pulsators. [less ▲]

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See detailCoRoT Measures Solar-Like Oscillations and Granulation in Stars Hotter Than the Sun
Michel, Eric; Baglin, Annie; Auvergne, Michel et al

in Science (2008), 322

Oscillations of the Sun have been used to understand its interior structure. The extension of similar studies to more distant stars has raised many difficulties despite the strong efforts of the ... [more ▼]

Oscillations of the Sun have been used to understand its interior structure. The extension of similar studies to more distant stars has raised many difficulties despite the strong efforts of the international community over the past decades. The CoRoT (Convection Rotation and Planetary Transits) satellite, launched in December 2006, has now measured oscillations and the stellar granulation signature in three main sequence stars that are noticeably hotter than the sun. The oscillation amplitudes are about 1.5 times as large as those in the Sun; the stellar granulation is up to three times as high. The stellar amplitudes are about 25% below the theoretic values, providing a measurement of the nonadiabaticity of the process ruling the oscillations in the outer layers of the stars. [less ▲]

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See detailModeling the excitation of acoustic modes in alpha Centauri A
Samadi, R.; Belkacem, Kevin ULg; Goupil, M. J. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2008), 489

From different seismic observations we infer the energy supplied per unit of time by turbulent convection to the acoustic modes of alpha Centauri A (HD 128620), a star that is similar but not identical to ... [more ▼]

From different seismic observations we infer the energy supplied per unit of time by turbulent convection to the acoustic modes of alpha Centauri A (HD 128620), a star that is similar but not identical to the Sun. The inferred rates of energy supplied to the modes (i.e. mode excitation rates) are found to be significantly higher than in the Sun. They are compared with those computed with an excitation model that includes two sources of driving, the Reynolds stress contribution and the advection of entropy fluctuations. The model also uses a closure model, the Closure Model with Plumes (CMP hereafter), that takes the asymmetry between the up- and down-flows (i.e. the granules and plumes, respectively) into account. Different prescriptions for the eddy-time correlation function are also compared to observational data. Calculations based on a Gaussian eddy-time correlation underestimate excitation rates compared with the values derived from observations for alpha Centauri A. On the other hand, calculations based on a Lorentzian eddy-time correlation lie within the observational error bars. This confirms results in the solar case. Compared to the helioseismic data, those obtained for alpha Centauri A constitute an additional support for our model of excitation. We show that mode masses must be computed taking turbulent pressure into account. Finally, we emphasize the need for more accurate seismic measurements in order to distinguish between the CMP closure model and the quasi-normal approximation in the case of alpha Centauri A, as well as to confirm or not the need to include the excitation by the entropy fluctuations. [less ▲]

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See detailA seismic approach to testing different formation channels of subdwarf B stars
Hu, Haili; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Aerts, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2008), 490

Context: There are many unknowns in the formation of subdwarf B stars. Different formation channels are considered to be possible and to lead to a variety of helium-burning subdwarfs. All seismic models ... [more ▼]

Context: There are many unknowns in the formation of subdwarf B stars. Different formation channels are considered to be possible and to lead to a variety of helium-burning subdwarfs. All seismic models to date, however, assume that a subdwarf B star is a post-helium-flash-core surrounded by a thin inert layer of hydrogen. Aims: We examine an alternative formation channel, in which the subdwarf B star originates from a massive (>~2 M[SUB]o[/SUB]) red giant with a non-degenerate helium-core. Although these subdwarfs may evolve through the same region of the log g-T_eff diagram as the canonical post-flash subdwarfs, their interior structure is rather different. We examine how this difference affects their pulsation modes and whether it can be observed. Methods: Using detailed stellar evolution calculations we construct subdwarf B models from both formation channels. The iron accumulation in the driving region due to diffusion, which causes the excitation of the modes, is approximated by a Gaussian function. The pulsation modes and frequencies are calculated with a non-adiabatic pulsation code. Results: A detailed comparison of two subdwarf B models from different channels, but with the same log g and T_eff, shows that their mode excitation is different. The excited frequencies are lower for the post-flash than for the post-non-degenerate subdwarf B star. This is mainly due to the differing chemical composition of the stellar envelope. A more general comparison between two grids of models shows that the excited frequencies of most post-non-degenerate subdwarfs cannot be well-matched with the frequencies of post-flash subdwarfs. In the rare event that an acceptable seismic match is found, additional information, such as mode identification and log g and T_eff determinations, allows us to distinguish between the two formation channels. [less ▲]

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See detailHD 203608, a quiet asteroseismic target in the old galactic disk
Mosser, B.; Deheuvels, S.; Michel, Eric et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2008), 488

Context: We conducted a 5-night observing run with the spectrometer harps at the ESO 3.6-m telescope in August 2006, to continue exploring the asteroseismic properties of F-type stars. In fact, Doppler ... [more ▼]

Context: We conducted a 5-night observing run with the spectrometer harps at the ESO 3.6-m telescope in August 2006, to continue exploring the asteroseismic properties of F-type stars. In fact, Doppler observations of F-type on the main sequence are demanding and remain currently limited to a single case (HD 49933). Comparison with photometric results obtained with the CoRoT space mission (Convection, Rotation and planetary Transits) on similar stars will be possible with an enhanced set of observations. Aims: We selected the 4th magnitude F8V star HD 203608 to investigate the oscillating properties of a low-metallicity star of the old galactic disk. Methods: We reduced the spectra with the on-line data reduction software provided by the instrument. We developed a new statistical approach for extracting the significant peaks in the Fourier domain. Results: The oscillation spectrum shows a significant excess power in the frequency range [1.5, 3.0 mHz]. It exhibits a large spacing of about 120.4 muHz at 2.5 mHz. Variations of the large spacing with frequency are clearly identified, which require an adapted asymptotic development. The modes identification is based on the unambiguous signature of 15 modes with l = 0 and 1. Conclusions: These observations show the potential diagnostic of asteroseismic constraints. Including them in the stellar modeling significantly enhances the precision on the physical parameters of HD 203608, resulting in a much more precise position in the HR diagram. The age of the star is now determined in the range 7.25±0.07 Gyr. Based on observations obtained with the harps échelle spectrometer mounted on the 3.6-m telescope at ESO-La Silla Observatory (Chile), programme 077.D-0720. Data corresponding to Figs. [see full textsee full textsee full text], [see full textsee full textsee full text], and Table [see full textsee full textsee full text] are available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/488/635 [less ▲]

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See detailHydrogen-Deficient Compact Pulsators: The GW Virginis Stars and the Variable DB White Dwarfs
Quirion, P*-O; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Fontaine, G. et al

in Hydrogen-Deficient Stars (2008, July 01)

We review briefly the basic properties of the GW Vir stars and of the V777 Her stars. We describe the classical kappa-mechanism operating in the GW Vir stars and the effects of the chemical composition ... [more ▼]

We review briefly the basic properties of the GW Vir stars and of the V777 Her stars. We describe the classical kappa-mechanism operating in the GW Vir stars and the effects of the chemical composition and of the interaction between diffusion and mass loss on the boundaries of the instability domain of these objects in the log g - T[SUB]eff[/SUB] diagram. Because of the presence of an extensive superficial convection zone in pulsating DB (V777 Her) white dwarfs, oscillation modes are not excited through a similar classical kappa-mechanism in those stars but, instead, involve pulsation-convection interactions. We describe the effects of a time-dependent convection (TDC) treatment on the driving mechanism of the V777 Her stars. We show how convection deeply affects the excitation of modes via the entropy transport mechanism or S-mechanism. Provisional blue and red edges are calculated for the V777 Her stars and are found at T[SUB]eff[/SUB] ~= 28,500 K and ~= 20,500 K, respectively, for a 0.6 M[SUB]o[/SUB] star under the assumption of ML2 convection. [less ▲]

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See detailStochastic excitation of non-radial modes. I. High-angular-degree p modes
Belkacem, Kevin ULg; Samadi, R.; Goupil, Marie-José et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2008), 478

Context: Turbulent motions in stellar convection zones generate acoustic energy, part of which is then supplied to normal modes of the star. Their amplitudes result from a balance between the efficiencies ... [more ▼]

Context: Turbulent motions in stellar convection zones generate acoustic energy, part of which is then supplied to normal modes of the star. Their amplitudes result from a balance between the efficiencies of excitation and damping processes in the convection zones. Aims: We develop a formalism that provides the excitation rates of non-radial global modes excited by turbulent convection. As a first application, we estimated the impact of non-radial effects on excitation rates and amplitudes of the high-angular-degree modes that are observed on the Sun. Methods: A model of stochastic excitation by turbulent convection was developed to compute the excitation rates and then successfully applied to solar radial modes. We generalise this approach to the case of non-radial global modes. This enables us to estimate the energy supplied to high-(l) acoustic modes. Qualitative arguments, as well as numerical calculations, are used to illustrate the results. Results: We find that non-radial effects for p modes are non-negligible: - For high-n modes (i.e. typically n > 3) and for high values of l, the power supplied to the oscillations depends on the mode inertia. - For low-n modes, independent of the value of l, the excitation is dominated by the non-radial components of the Reynolds stress term. Conclusions: Our numerical investigation of high-l p modes shows that the validity of the present formalism is limited to l < 500 due to the spatial separation of scale assumption. Thus, a model for very high-l p-mode excitation rates calls for further theoretical developments; however, the formalism is valid for solar g modes, which will be investigated in a paper in preparation. [less ▲]

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See detailA procedure for modelling asymptotic g-mode pulsators: The case of gamma Doradus stars
Moya, A.; Suárez, J. C.; Martín-Ruiz, S. et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2008), 329

Mode identification is one of the first and main problems we encounter in trying to develop the complete potential of asteroseismology. In the particular case of {g}-mode pulsators, this is still an ... [more ▼]

Mode identification is one of the first and main problems we encounter in trying to develop the complete potential of asteroseismology. In the particular case of {g}-mode pulsators, this is still an unsolved problem, from both the observational and theoretical points of view. Nevertheless, in recent years, some observational and theoretical efforts have been made to find a solution. In this work we use the latest theoretical and computational tools to understand asymptotic {g}-mode pulsators: 1) the Frequency Ratio Method, and 2) Time Dependent Convection. With these tools, a self-consistent procedure for mode identification and modelling of these {g}-mode pulsators can be constructed. This procedure is illustrated using observational information available for the gamma Doradus star 9 Aurigae. [less ▲]

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