References of "Dupret, Marc-Antoine"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFast core rotation in red-giant stars as revealed by gravity-dominated mixed modes
Beck, Paul G; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Kallinger, Thomas et al

in Nature (2012), 481

When the core hydrogen is exhausted during stellar evolution, the central region of a star contracts and the outer envelope expands and cools, giving rise to a red giant. Convection takes place over much ... [more ▼]

When the core hydrogen is exhausted during stellar evolution, the central region of a star contracts and the outer envelope expands and cools, giving rise to a red giant. Convection takes place over much of the star's radius. Conservation of angular momentum requires that the cores of these stars rotate faster than their envelopes; indirect evidence supports this. Information about the angular-momentum distribution is inaccessible to direct observations, but it can be extracted from the effect of rotation on oscillation modes that probe the stellar interior. Here we report an increasing rotation rate from the surface of the star to the stellar core in the interiors of red giants, obtained using the rotational frequency splitting of recently detected `mixed modes'. By comparison with theoretical stellar models, we conclude that the core must rotate at least ten times faster than the surface. This observational result confirms the theoretical prediction of a steep gradient in the rotation profile towards the deep stellar interior. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (8 ULg)
See detailNon-radial non-adiabatic solar like oscillations in red giants : Evolutionnary effects on theoretical power spectrum.
Grosjean, Mathieu ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg

Scientific conference (2012)

Corot and Kepler observations of red giants reveal rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations allowing to probe their internal structure. The study of non-adiabatic and energetic aspects of these ... [more ▼]

Corot and Kepler observations of red giants reveal rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations allowing to probe their internal structure. The study of non-adiabatic and energetic aspects of these oscillations is of great importance to predict not only the frequencies but also the FWMH and Heights of the peaks in power spectrum. This two observables are indeed directly related to modes lifetimes, necessitating a non-adiabatic approach. The height also depends on the energy injected in the mode by the turbulence in the upper convective-zone. We use a stochastic excitation model to compute the amplitudes of each modes. We investigate the differences in power spectrum between an RGB and an HB stars with the same global parameters. We also follow the evolution of a star on the RGB and investigate the effect of its ascension on theoretical power spectrum to predict when on the RGB are mixed-modes more likely to be detectable. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
See detailEnergetic Aspects of Non-Radial Solar-Like Oscillations in Red Giants
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Belkacem, Kevin; Montalbán, Josefina et al

in Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings (2012)

The non-radial oscillations discovered by CoRoT (see e.g. de Ridder et al. (2009)) and by Kepler(see e.g. Bedding et al. (2010)) in thousands of red giants constitute a wonderful mine of information to ... [more ▼]

The non-radial oscillations discovered by CoRoT (see e.g. de Ridder et al. (2009)) and by Kepler(see e.g. Bedding et al. (2010)) in thousands of red giants constitute a wonderful mine of information to determine their global characteristics and probe their internal structure. A. Miglio and J. Montalbán have presented in detail in this conference the seismic structure of red giants, the information hold by their oscillation frequencies, and how it can be used. An adiabatic analysis of the oscillations was sufficient at this level as the frequencies are mainly determined by the deep layers were the oscillatons are quasi-adiabatic. We consider here energetic aspects of non-radial oscillations in red-giants. Non-adiabatic models of solar-like oscillations are required to determine the theoretical amplitude and lifetimes of the modes. These parameters allow us to determine how power spectra are expected to look like, depending on the structure of the red giant. Comparison with the observed measures gives thus additional constraints on the models. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSlowing down atomic diffusion in subdwarf B stars: mass loss or turbulence?
Hu, Haili; Tout, C. A.; Glebbeek, E. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2011), 418

Subdwarf B (sdB) stars show chemical peculiarities that cannot be explained by diffusion theory alone. Both mass loss and turbulence have been invoked to slow down atomic diffusion in order to match ... [more ▼]

Subdwarf B (sdB) stars show chemical peculiarities that cannot be explained by diffusion theory alone. Both mass loss and turbulence have been invoked to slow down atomic diffusion in order to match observed abundances. The fact that some sdB stars show pulsations give upper limits on the amount of mass loss and turbulent mixing allowed. Consequently, non-adiabatic asteroseismology has the potential to decide which process is responsible for the abundance anomalies. We compute for the first time seismic properties of sdB models with atomic diffusion included consistently during the stellar evolution. The diffusion equations with radiative forces are solved for H, He, C, N, O, Ne, Mg, Fe and Ni. We examine the effects of various mass-loss rates and mixed surface masses on the abundances and mode stability. It is shown that the mass-loss rates needed to simulate the observed He abundances (?) are not consistent with observed pulsations. We find that for pulsations to be driven the rates should be ?. On the other hand, weak turbulent mixing of the outer 10[SUP]-6[/SUP] M[SUB]&sun;[/SUB] can explain the He abundance anomalies while still allowing pulsations to be driven. The origin of the turbulence remains unknown but the presence of pulsations gives tight constraints on the underlying turbulence model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailQuantitative estimates of the constraints on solar-like models imposed by observables
Ozel, Nesibe; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Baglin, A.

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 532

Context. Seismic parameters such as the large Δ[SUB]0[/SUB] and small δ[SUB]02[/SUB] frequency separations are now being measured in a very large number of stars and begin to be used to test the physics ... [more ▼]

Context. Seismic parameters such as the large Δ[SUB]0[/SUB] and small δ[SUB]02[/SUB] frequency separations are now being measured in a very large number of stars and begin to be used to test the physics of stellar models. <BR /> Aims: We estimate the influence of different observed quantities (oscillation frequencies, interferometry, etc.) and the impact of their accuracy in constraining stellar model parameters. <BR /> Methods: To relate the errors in observed quantities to the precision of the theoretical model parameters, we analyse the behaviour of the χ[SUP]2[/SUP] fitting function around its minimum using the singular value decomposition (SVD) formalism. A new indicator called "weighting" quantifies the relative importance of observational constraints on the determination of each physical parameter individually. These tools are applied to a grid of evolutionary sequences for solar-like stellar models with varying age and mass, and to a real case: HD 49933 - a typical case for which seismic observations are available from space using CoRoT. <BR /> Results: The mass ℳ is always the best determined parameter. The new indicator "weighting" allows us to rank the importance of the different constraints: the mean large separation Δ[SUB]0[/SUB], the radius R/R[SUB]&sun;[/SUB], the mean small separation δ[SUB]02[/SUB], the luminosity L/L[SUB]&sun;[/SUB], the effective temperature T[SUB]eff[/SUB]. If the metallicity and age parameters are known, for example in an open cluster, using either individual or mean frequency separations yields the same uncertainties for masses less than 1.1 M[SUB]&sun;[/SUB]. For HD 49933 the combination of ℳ and Y[SUB]0[/SUB]: ℳ[SUP]2[/SUP]Y[SUB]0[/SUB] is well determined because of their correlation. However, they are poorly constrained individually. The frequency difference δ[SUB]01[/SUB], if known with an error of about 0.3%, can determine the size of the convective core overshooting with about 3% accuracy. Appendices A and B are available in electronic form at <A href="http://www.aanda.org">http://www.aanda.org</A> [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMixed modes in red-giant stars observed with CoRoT
Mosser, B.; Barban, C.; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 532

Context. The CoRoT mission has provided thousands of red-giant light curves. The analysis of their solar-like oscillations allows us to characterize their stellar properties. <BR /> Aims: Up to now, the ... [more ▼]

Context. The CoRoT mission has provided thousands of red-giant light curves. The analysis of their solar-like oscillations allows us to characterize their stellar properties. <BR /> Aims: Up to now, the global seismic parameters of the pressure modes have been unable to distinguish red-clump giants from members of the red-giant branch. As recently done with Kepler red giants, we intend to analyze and use the so-called mixed modes to determine the evolutionary status of the red giants observed with CoRoT. We also aim at deriving different seismic characteristics depending on evolution. <BR /> Methods: The complete identification of the pressure eigenmodes provided by the red-giant universal oscillation pattern allows us to aim at the mixed modes surrounding the ℓ = 1 expected eigenfrequencies. A dedicated method based on the envelope autocorrelation function is proposed to analyze their period separation. <BR /> Results: We have identified the mixed-mode signature separation thanks to their pattern that is compatible with the asymptotic law of gravity modes. We have shown that, independent of any modeling, the g-mode spacings help to distinguish the evolutionary status of a red-giant star. We then report the different seismic and fundamental properties of the stars, depending on their evolutionary status. In particular, we show that high-mass stars of the secondary clump present very specific seismic properties. We emphasize that stars belonging to the clump were affected by significant mass loss. We also note significant population and/or evolution differences in the different fields observed by CoRoT. The CoRoT space mission, launched 2006 December 27, was developed and is operated by the CNES, with participation of the Science Programs of ESA, ESAŠs RSSD, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain.Apeendix A is available in electronic form at <A href="http://www.aanda.org">http://www.aanda.org</A> [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSeismic modelling of OB stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Godart, Mélanie ULg; Belkacem, Kevin ULg et al

in Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union (2011), 272

A review of the ability of asteroseismology to probe the internal physics of OB stars is presented. The main constraints that can be obtained from the frequency spectrum in p- and g-modes pulsators are ... [more ▼]

A review of the ability of asteroseismology to probe the internal physics of OB stars is presented. The main constraints that can be obtained from the frequency spectrum in p- and g-modes pulsators are discussed. Next, we consider energetic aspects of the pulsations in OB stars and show how such study also allows to constrain their internal physics. The cases of p-mixed modes (β Cep stars), g-modes (SPB stars), strange modes and stochastically excited modes are considered. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPulsations in massive stars: effect of the atmosphere on the strange mode pulsations
Godart, Mélanie ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg et al

in Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union (2011), 272

Recent space observations with CoRoT and ground-based spectroscopy have shown the presence of different types of pulsations in OB stars. These oscillations could be due to acoustic and gravity modes ... [more ▼]

Recent space observations with CoRoT and ground-based spectroscopy have shown the presence of different types of pulsations in OB stars. These oscillations could be due to acoustic and gravity modes, solar-like oscillations or even other pulsations of large growth rates. We present a first attempt at interpreting the latter as strange modes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTheoretical seismic properties of pre-main sequence γ Doradus pulsators
Bouabid, M*-P; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Miglio, Andrea ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 531

Context. The late A and F-type γ Doradus (γ Dor) stars pulsate with high-order gravity modes (g-modes). The existence of different evolutionary phases crossing the γ Dor instability strip raises the ... [more ▼]

Context. The late A and F-type γ Doradus (γ Dor) stars pulsate with high-order gravity modes (g-modes). The existence of different evolutionary phases crossing the γ Dor instability strip raises the question whether pre-main sequence (PMS) γ Dor stars exist. <BR /> Aims: We intend to study the differences between the asteroseismic behaviour of PMS and main sequence (MS) γ Dor pulsators as predicted by the current theory of stellar evolution and stability. <BR /> Methods: We explore the adiabatic and non-adiabatic properties of high-order g-modes in a grid of PMS and MS models covering the mass range 1.2 M[SUB]&sun;[/SUB] < M[SUB]∗[/SUB] < 2.5 M[SUB]&sun;[/SUB]. <BR /> Results: We have derived the theoretical instability strip (IS) for the PMS γ Dor pulsators. This IS covers the same effective temperature range as the MS γ Dor one. Nevertheless, the frequency domain of unstable modes in PMS models with a fully radiative core is greater than in MS models, even if they present the same number of unstable modes. Moreover, the differences between MS and PMS internal structures are reflected in the average values of the period spacing, as well as in the dependence of the period spacing on the radial order of the modes, opening the window to determination of the evolutionary phase of γ Dor stars from their pulsation spectra. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe underlying physical meaning of the νmax - νc relation
Belkacem, K.; Goupil, M. J.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 530

Asteroseismology of stars that exhibit solar-like oscillations are enjoying a growing interest with the wealth of observational results obtained with the CoRoT and Kepler missions. In this framework ... [more ▼]

Asteroseismology of stars that exhibit solar-like oscillations are enjoying a growing interest with the wealth of observational results obtained with the CoRoT and Kepler missions. In this framework, scaling laws between asteroseismic quantities and stellar parameters are becoming essential tools to study a rich variety of stars. However, the physical underlying mechanisms of those scaling laws are still poorly known. Our objective is to provide a theoretical basis for the scaling between the frequency of the maximum in the power spectrum (ν[SUB]max[/SUB]) of solar-like oscillations and the cut-off frequency (ν[SUB]c[/SUB]). Using the SoHO GOLF observations together with theoretical considerations, we first confirm that the maximum of the height in oscillation power spectrum is determined by the so-called plateau of the damping rates. The physical origin of the plateau can be traced to the destabilizing effect of the Lagrangian perturbation of entropy in the upper-most layers, which becomes important when the modal period and the local thermal relaxation time-scale are comparable. Based on this analysis, we then find a linear relation between ν[SUB]max[/SUB] and ν[SUB]c[/SUB], with a coefficient that depends on the ratio of the Mach number of the exciting turbulence to the third power to the mixing-length parameter. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailKepler Detected Gravity-Mode Period Spacings in a Red Giant Star
Beck, P. G.; Bedding, T. R.; Mosser, B. et al

in Science (2011), 332

Stellar interiors are inaccessible through direct observations. For this reason, helioseismologists made use of the Sun’s acoustic oscillation modes to tune models of its structure. The quest to detect ... [more ▼]

Stellar interiors are inaccessible through direct observations. For this reason, helioseismologists made use of the Sun’s acoustic oscillation modes to tune models of its structure. The quest to detect modes that probe the solar core has been ongoing for decades. We report the detection of mixed modes penetrating all the way to the core of an evolved star from 320 days of observations with the Kepler satellite. The period spacings of these mixed modes are directly dependent on the density gradient between the core region and the convective envelope. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGravity modes as a way to distinguish between hydrogen- and helium-burning red giant stars
Bedding, Timothy R; Mosser, Benoit; Huber, Daniel et al

in Nature (2011), 471

Red giants are evolved stars that have exhausted the supply of hydrogen in their cores and instead burn hydrogen in a surrounding shell. Once a red giant is sufficiently evolved, the helium in the core ... [more ▼]

Red giants are evolved stars that have exhausted the supply of hydrogen in their cores and instead burn hydrogen in a surrounding shell. Once a red giant is sufficiently evolved, the helium in the core also undergoes fusion. Outstanding issues in our understanding of red giants include uncertainties in the amount of mass lost at the surface before helium ignition and the amount of internal mixing from rotation and other processes. Progress is hampered by our inability to distinguish between red giants burning helium in the core and those still only burning hydrogen in a shell. Asteroseismology offers a way forward, being a powerful tool for probing the internal structures of stars using their natural oscillation frequencies. Here we report observations of gravity-mode period spacings in red giants that permit a distinction between evolutionary stages to be made. We use high-precision photometry obtained by the Kepler spacecraft over more than a year to measure oscillations in several hundred red giants. We find many stars whose dipole modes show sequences with approximately regular period spacings. These stars fall into two clear groups, allowing us to distinguish unambiguously between hydrogen-shell-burning stars (period spacing mostly ~50seconds) and those that are also burning helium (period spacing ~100 to 300 seconds). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCan an underestimation of opacity explain B-type pulsators in the SMC?
Salmon, Sébastien ULg; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Miglio, Andrea ULg et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2010, October 09), 331(9-10),

Slowly Pulsating B and ß Cephei are ĸ mechanism driven pulsating B stars. That ĸ mechanism works since a peak in the opacity due to a high number of atomic transitions from iron-group elements occurs in ... [more ▼]

Slowly Pulsating B and ß Cephei are ĸ mechanism driven pulsating B stars. That ĸ mechanism works since a peak in the opacity due to a high number of atomic transitions from iron-group elements occurs in the area of log T ~ 5.3. Theoretical results predict very few SPBs and no ß Cep to be encountered in low metallicity environments such as the Small Magellanic Cloud. However recent variability surveys of B stars in the SMC reported the detection of a significant number of SPB and ß Cep candidates. Though the iron content plays a major role in the excitation of ß Cep and SPB pulsations, the chemical mixture representative of the SMC B stars such as recently derived does not leave room for a significant increase of the iron abundance in these stars. Whilst abundance of iron-group elements seems reliable, is the opacity in the iron-group elements bump underestimated? We determine how the opacity profile in B-type stars should change to excite SPB and ß Cep pulsations in early-type stars of the SMC. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of stellar rotation on oscillation frequencies
Ouazzani, R. M.; Goupil, M. J.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2010), 328

We investigate whether the rotational splittings of β Cephei stars can give some clue about the existence of a differential rotation in latitude, and if they are contaminated by the cubic order effects ... [more ▼]

We investigate whether the rotational splittings of β Cephei stars can give some clue about the existence of a differential rotation in latitude, and if they are contaminated by the cubic order effects of rotation on oscillation frequencies. We also study some properties of splitting asymmetries and axisymmetric mode frequencies which provide seismic constrains on the distortion of the star. We find that only non-perturbative methods are able to reproduce those two seismic characteristics within 0.01% error bars for stars when they rotate faster than 3.3% Ω [SUB] k [/SUB]. If error bars of 1% are acceptable, the threshold of validity of perturbative methods is extended to 10% Ω [SUB] k [/SUB]. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailStochastic excitation of gravity modes in massive main-sequence stars
Samadi, R.; Belkacem, Kevin ULg; Goupil, M. J. et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2010), 328

We investigate the possibility that gravity modes can be stochastically excited by turbulent convection in massive main-sequence (MS) stars. We build stellar models of MS stars with masses M=10 M [SUB]ȯ ... [more ▼]

We investigate the possibility that gravity modes can be stochastically excited by turbulent convection in massive main-sequence (MS) stars. We build stellar models of MS stars with masses M=10 M [SUB]ȯ[/SUB],15 M [SUB]ȯ[/SUB], and 20 M [SUB]ȯ[/SUB]. For each model, we then compute the power supplied to the modes by turbulent eddies in the convective core (CC) and the outer convective zones (OCZ). We found that, for asymptotic gravity modes, the major part of the driving occurs within the outer iron convective zone, while the excitation of low n order modes mainly occurs within the CC. We compute the mode lifetimes and deduce the expected mode amplitudes. We finally discuss the possibility of detecting such stochastically-excited gravity modes with the CoRoT space-based mission. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHow asteroseismology can constrain the global parameters of solar-like star models
Ozel, N.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Baglin, A.

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2010), 328

In the previous years, p-mode oscillations (pressure oscillations stochastically excited by convection) have been detected in several solar-like stars thanks to the ground-based spectroscopic and space ... [more ▼]

In the previous years, p-mode oscillations (pressure oscillations stochastically excited by convection) have been detected in several solar-like stars thanks to the ground-based spectroscopic and space spectroscopic and photometric observations. We study the importance of seismic constraints on stellar modeling and the impact of their accuracy on reducing the uncertainties of global stellar parameters (i.e. mass, age, etc.). We use the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) method to analyze the sensitivity of stellar models to seismic constraints. In this context, we construct a grid of evolutionary sequences for solar-like stars with varying age and mass. Around each model of this grid, we evaluate the partial derivatives with respect to a large set of free parameters: mass â ³, age Ï , mixing-length parameter α, initial helium abundance Y [SUB]0[/SUB], and initial metallicity Z/ X [SUB]0[/SUB]. Masses between 0.9 and 1.55 M [SUB]ȯ[/SUB] and central hydrogen abundances from Xc=0.7 to 0.05 have been considered in this study. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSurvival of a convective core in low-mass solar-like pulsator HD 203608
Deheuvels, S.; Michel, Eric; Goupil, M. J. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 514

Context. A 5-night asteroseismic observation of the F8V star HD 203608 was conducted in August 2006 with harps, followed by an analysis of the data, and a preliminary modeling of the star (Mosser et al ... [more ▼]

Context. A 5-night asteroseismic observation of the F8V star HD 203608 was conducted in August 2006 with harps, followed by an analysis of the data, and a preliminary modeling of the star (Mosser et al. 2008). The stellar parameters were significantly constrained, but the behavior of one of the seismic indexes (the small spacing δν[SUB]01[/SUB]) could not be fitted with the observed one, even with the best considered models. <BR /> Aims: We study the possibility of improving the agreement between models and observations by changing the physical properties of the inner parts of the star (to which δν[SUB]01[/SUB] is sensitive). <BR /> Methods: We show that, in spite of its low mass, it is possible to produce models of HD 203608 with a convective core. No such model was considered in the preliminary modeling. In practice, we obtain these models here by assuming some extra mixing at the edge of the early convective core. We optimized the model parameters using the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. <BR /> Results: The agreement between the new best model with a convective core and the observations is much better than for the models without. All the observational parameters are fitted within 1-Ï observational error bars. This is the first observational evidence of a convective core in an old and low-mass star such as HD 203608. In standard models of low-mass stars, the core withdraws shortly after the ZAMS. The survival of the core until the present age of HD 203608 provides very strong constraints on the size of the mixed zone associated to the convective core. Using overshooting as a proxy to model the processes of transport at the edge of the core, we find that to reproduce both global and seismic observations, we must have α[SUB]{ov[/SUB]} = 0.17 ± 0.03 H[SUB]p[/SUB] for HD 203608. We revisit the process of the extension of the core lifetime due to overshooting in the particular case of HD 203608. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSolar-like Oscillations in Low-luminosity Red Giants: First Results from Kepler
Bedding, T. R.; Huber, D.; Stello, D. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2010), 713

We have measured solar-like oscillations in red giants using time-series photometry from the first 34 days of science operations of the Kepler Mission. The light curves, obtained with 30 minute sampling ... [more ▼]

We have measured solar-like oscillations in red giants using time-series photometry from the first 34 days of science operations of the Kepler Mission. The light curves, obtained with 30 minute sampling, reveal clear oscillations in a large sample of G and K giants, extending in luminosity from the red clump down to the bottom of the giant branch. We confirm a strong correlation between the large separation of the oscillations (Πν) and the frequency of maximum power (ν[SUB]max[/SUB]). We focus on a sample of 50 low-luminosity stars (ν[SUB]max[/SUB] > 100 μHz, L <~ 30 L [SUB]sun[/SUB]) having high signal-to-noise ratios and showing the unambiguous signature of solar-like oscillations. These are H-shell-burning stars, whose oscillations should be valuable for testing models of stellar evolution and for constraining the star formation rate in the local disk. We use a new technique to compare stars on a single échelle diagram by scaling their frequencies and find well-defined ridges corresponding to radial and non-radial oscillations, including clear evidence for modes with angular degree l = 3. Measuring the small separation between l = 0 and l = 2 allows us to plot the so-called C-D diagram of δν[SUB]02[/SUB] versus Πν. The small separation δν[SUB]01[/SUB] of l = 1 from the midpoint of adjacent l = 0 modes is negative, contrary to the Sun and solar-type stars. The ridge for l = 1 is notably broadened, which we attribute to mixed modes, confirming theoretical predictions for low-luminosity giants. Overall, the results demonstrate the tremendous potential of Kepler data for asteroseismology of red giants. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHybrid gamma Doradus-delta Scuti Pulsators: New Insights into the Physics of the Oscillations from Kepler Observations
Grigahcène, Ahmed; Antoci, V.; Balona, L. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2010), 713

Observations of the pulsations of stars can be used to infer their interior structure and test theoretical models. The main-sequence γ Doradus (Dor) and δ Scuti (Sct) stars with masses 1.2-2.5 M [SUB ... [more ▼]

Observations of the pulsations of stars can be used to infer their interior structure and test theoretical models. The main-sequence γ Doradus (Dor) and δ Scuti (Sct) stars with masses 1.2-2.5 M [SUB]sun[/SUB] are particularly useful for these studies. The γ Dor stars pulsate in high-order g-modes with periods of order 1 day, driven by convective blocking at the base of their envelope convection zone. The δ Sct stars pulsate in low-order g- and p-modes with periods of order 2 hr, driven by the κ mechanism operating in the He II ionization zone. Theory predicts an overlap region in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram between instability regions, where "hybrid" stars pulsating in both types of modes should exist. The two types of modes with properties governed by different portions of the stellar interior provide complementary model constraints. Among the known γ Dor and δ Sct stars, only four have been confirmed as hybrids. Now, analysis of combined Quarter 0 and Quarter 1 Kepler data for hundreds of variable stars shows that the frequency spectra are so rich that there are practically no pure δ Sct or γ Dor pulsators, i.e., essentially all of the stars show frequencies in both the δ Sct and the γ Dor frequency range. A new observational classification scheme is proposed that takes into account the amplitude as well as the frequency and is applied to categorize 234 stars as δ Sct, γ Dor, δ Sct/γ Dor or γ Dor/δ Sct hybrids. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPeriodic mass-loss episodes due to an oscillation mode with variable amplitude in the hot supergiant HD 50064
Aerts, C.; Lefever, K.; Baglin, A. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 513

<BR /> Aims: We aim to interpret the photometric and spectroscopic variability of the luminous blue variable supergiant HD 50064 (V = 8.21). <BR /> Methods: CoRoT space photometry and follow-up high ... [more ▼]

<BR /> Aims: We aim to interpret the photometric and spectroscopic variability of the luminous blue variable supergiant HD 50064 (V = 8.21). <BR /> Methods: CoRoT space photometry and follow-up high-resolution spectroscopy with a time base of 137 d and 169 d, respectively, was gathered, analysed, and interpreted using standard time series analysis and light curve modelling methods, as well as spectral line diagnostics. <BR /> Results: The space photometry reveals one period of 37 d, which undergoes a sudden amplitude change with a factor 1.6. The pulsation period is confirmed in the spectroscopy, which additionally reveals metal line radial velocity values differing by 30 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] depending on the spectral line and on the epoch. We estimate T[SUB]eff[/SUB] 13 500 K, log g 1.5 from the equivalent width of Si lines. The Balmer lines reveal that the star undergoes episodes of changing mass loss on a time scale similar to the changes in the photometric and spectroscopic variability, with an average value of log dot{M} â -5 (in M_ȯ yr[SUP]-1[/SUP]). We tentatively interpret the 37 d period as the result of a strange mode oscillation. Based on high-resolution spectroscopy assembled with the CORALIE spectrograph attached to the 1.2 m Euler telescope at La Silla, Chile and on CoRoT space-based photometry. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with the participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain.Postdoctoral Fellow of the Fund for Scientific Research of Flanders (FWO), Belgium. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (3 ULg)