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See detailEtude numérique et sur modèle physique de l'aménagement de Taoussa (Mali)
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in SHF, (Ed.) Modèle physiques hydrauliques - Outils indispensables du XXIe siècle (2009, November)

Physical modeling and numerical modeling are two efficient analysis approaches in hydraulic engineering. The interactive application of both methods is obviously the more effective response to most of the ... [more ▼]

Physical modeling and numerical modeling are two efficient analysis approaches in hydraulic engineering. The interactive application of both methods is obviously the more effective response to most of the flow problems analysis. Indeed, it enables combining the inherent advantages of both approaches, which are complementary, while being beneficial to the delays as well as the quality of the analyses. This paper presents the results of a successful application of such a combined numerical – physical study carried out by the Hydraulics engineering Laboratory of the University of Liège on behalf of Coyne et Bellier. It concerned, at the stage of detailed draft, the hydraulic study of the Taoussa Project on the Niger River in Mali. The studies, performed in less than 6 months, focused on the flow characteristics at the scale of the reservoir and the river, using the numerical approach, as well as on hydrodynamic details in the spillway using a large scale factor physical model. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnostic de rivière
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Ernst, Julien

in Contribution to the program "Au quotidien" of the Belgian television RTBF (2009)

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See detailApproches numériques et expérimentales en appui à la gestion durable des sédiments
Dewals, Benjamin ULg

Conference (2009, September 23)

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See detailA risk-based approach for designing climate-proof flood protection
Ernst, Julien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg et al

Poster (2009, June 12)

In the framework of the Belgian national research project “ADAPT - Towards an integrated decision tool for adaptation measures”, a risk-based decision-support system (DSS) is developed with the aim of ... [more ▼]

In the framework of the Belgian national research project “ADAPT - Towards an integrated decision tool for adaptation measures”, a risk-based decision-support system (DSS) is developed with the aim of selecting the most cost-effective flood protection strategies. Based on detailed 2D hydraulic modelling combined with high resolution and high accuracy land use database as well as socio-economic datasets, integrated risk analysis is conducted to evaluate the benefits of different flood protection measures. The tool is dedicated to the integrated evaluation of flood management strategies in the context of increased flood risk as a result of climate change, considering hydraulic, economic, social as well as environmental parameters to quantify both the benefits (in terms of avoided risk) and the cost of each strategy. While such risk analyses are mostly undertaken at a macro- or meso-scale, the present approach is performed at a micro-scale, meaning that the considered assets are the individual buildings or facilities. The methodology relies on a consistent approach in terms of accuracy of input data, hydraulic modelling and expected results. Indeed, besides detailed hydraulic modelling conducted on computational grids as fine as 2m by 2m, exploited data include laser altimetry (LIDAR), high resolution and high quality land use maps as well as other complementary vector geographic datasets providing socioeconomic information at a micro-scale. Next to the flow modelling and the exposure analysis conducted for each building or facility individually, the procedure involves social impact analysis (accounting for social vulnerability and adaptive capacity of communities) and the evaluation of direct economic damage based on different relative damage functions. The outcomes of this risk analysis are subsequently exploited in the DSS to evaluate the effectiveness of individual flood protection measures. Finally all costs and benefits (avoided risk) are combined to enable the evaluation of flood protection strategies. Every scenario for which benefits outweigh costs potentially adds to welfare. The scenario with the highest contribution per Euro invested should ideally be realised first. The extended cost-benefit analysis is complemented by uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of the results. The applicability of the overall automatic procedure is demonstrated by the evaluation of inundation hazard, exposure and flood risk for a case study along river Ourthe in the Meuse basin (Belgium). For validation purpose, recent flood events are first simulated and a base scenario is considered. Next, the effectiveness of a number of flood protection measures is evaluated. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental and Numerical Investigation of Mixed Flow in a Gallery
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Kerger, François ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Transaction: Engineering Sciences, volume 1, Computational Methods in Multiphase Flow V (2009, June)

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See detailNumerical Simulation of 1D Mixed Flow with Air/Water Interaction
Kerger, François ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Transaction: Engineering Sciences, volume 1, Computational Methods in Multiphase Flow V (2009, June)

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See detailPlanning flood risk reducing measures based on combined hydraulic and socio-economic impact modelling at a micro-scale
Ernst, Julien ULg; Coninx, Ingrid; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Christodoulou, S. E. (Ed.) Proc. 7th Int. Conf. on Water Resources Conservancy and Risk Reduction Under Climatic Uncertainty (2009, June)

Risk management is currently shifting from the full protection against flooding towards the management of the consequences of flooding. To reduce these consequences, micro-scale analysis is compelled. In ... [more ▼]

Risk management is currently shifting from the full protection against flooding towards the management of the consequences of flooding. To reduce these consequences, micro-scale analysis is compelled. In addition to the hydraulic modelling of the inundation flow, nearby land use and vulnerability of elements-at-risk are taken into consideration. This new approach requests an interdisciplinary collaboration of scientists from hydraulic and social science, as is the case for this paper. The research teams have developed a methodology to evaluate socio-economic consequences of flooding based on the analysis at the micro-scale of the flood characteristics, the exposure and the vulnerability of elements-at-risk and the adaptive capacity of society. The hydrodynamic simulations are conducted by means of 2D flow modelling run on a highly accurate Digital Surface Model - DSM with a resolution of 2 by 2 meters. The two-dimensional modelling provides high resolution flood maps detailing the distribution of water depth and flow velocity field in the floodplains, which constitute key inputs for the subsequent flood risk analysis. The methodology will be illustrated for a case study along River Ourthe, which is the main tributary of River Meuse in Belgium, for selecting and designing flood protection measure. The geographic data in this area are available at a resolution consistent with the conducted micro-scale risk analysis. They include data on social vulnerability coming from the most recent socio-economic national survey (NIS). [less ▲]

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See detailHighly Transient Mixed Flows with Air/Water Interactions: Homogeneous Equilibrium Model and Friction Correlations
Kerger, François ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 8th National Congress on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (2009, May)

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See detailHydrodynamic forces acting on vertically translating bodies in free surface water
Kerger, François ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in WIT Transactions on The Built Environment, Vol 105, Fluid Structure Interaction V (2009, May)

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See detailModeling the Vertical Spincasting of Large Bimetallic Rolling Mill Rolls
Studer, Léo ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Ambrosio, J. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 7th EUROMECH Solid Mechanics Conference (2009)

In order to take into account the dynamic effects of molten metal during solidification, a methodology is presented to interface a metal solidification solver (coupled thermal mechanical metallurgical ... [more ▼]

In order to take into account the dynamic effects of molten metal during solidification, a methodology is presented to interface a metal solidification solver (coupled thermal mechanical metallurgical finite elements solver) with a specifically developed flow dynamics solver. (flow dynamics and thermics finite volume solver) The numerical set of tools is designed to be used for the simulation of bimetallic hot rolling mill rolls vertical spincasting. Modeling the industrial process for these products imply certain specifications on the numerical methods used, mainly due to the size of the geometrical domain, low Rossby & Ekman numbers, and a high Reynolds number. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental investigation of flow and deposit patterns in rectangular shallow reservoirs: preliminary analysis
Dufresne, Matthieu ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Proceedings International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics: Theoretical, Experimental and Computational Solutions (2009)

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See detailExperimental and numerical investigations of dike-break induced flows
Roger, Sebastian; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Journal of Hydraulic Research (2009), 47(3), 349-359

Experimental model data are compared with numerical computations of dike-break induced flows, focusing on the final steady state. An idealised scale model was designed reproducing the specific boundary ... [more ▼]

Experimental model data are compared with numerical computations of dike-break induced flows, focusing on the final steady state. An idealised scale model was designed reproducing the specific boundary conditions of dike breaks. Discharges, water levels and depth profiles of horizontal velocities were recorded and validated by numerical modeling. The latter was performed by two different models solving the two-dimensional depth-averaged shallow water equations, namely a total variation diminishing Runge-Kutta dis¬continuous Galerkin finite element method, and a finite volume scheme involving a flux vector splitting ap¬proach. The results confirmed convergence and general applicability of both methods for dike-break prob¬lems. As regards their accuracy, the basic flow pattern was satisfactorily reproduced yet with differences compared to the measurements. Hence, additional simulations by a finite volume model were performed con¬sidering various turbulence closures, wall-roughnesses as well as non-uniform Boussinesq coefficients. [less ▲]

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See detailDetailed 2D hydraulic modelling as a support for selecting adaptation measures
Ernst, Julien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg et al

in Schüttrumpf, Holger (Ed.) Wasserwirtschaft und Klimawandel - Fakten, Folgen und Aufgaben (2009)

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