References of "Detrembleur, Christophe"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailControlled RAFT synthesis of polyacrylonitrile-b-poly(acrylic acid) diblocks as precursors of carbon nanocapsules with assistance of gold nanoparticles
Aqil, Abdelhafid ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Gilbert, Bernard ULg et al

in Chemistry of Materials (2007), 19(9), 2150-2154

A new strategy for the synthesis of carbon nanocapsules has been developed, based on the preparation of well-defined polyacrylonitrile-b-poly(acrylic acid) (PAN-b-PAA) block copolymers followed by their ... [more ▼]

A new strategy for the synthesis of carbon nanocapsules has been developed, based on the preparation of well-defined polyacrylonitrile-b-poly(acrylic acid) (PAN-b-PAA) block copolymers followed by their micellization in basic water to form spherical micelles with a PAN core and PAA shell. The PAN is then cross-linked by the use of gold nanoparticles. After pyrolysis, carbon nanocapsules are produced by graphitization of the PAN core and diffusion of the molten gold nanoparticles out of the nano-objects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHelodermin-loaded nanoparticles: Characterization and transport across an in vitro model of the follicle-associated epithelium
des Rieux, Anne; Fievez, Virginie; Momtaz, Maryam et al

in Journal of Controlled Release (2007), 118(3), 294-302

M cells represent a potential portal for oral delivery of peptides and proteins due to their high endocytosis abilities. An in vitro model of human FAE (co-cultures) was used to evaluate the influence of ... [more ▼]

M cells represent a potential portal for oral delivery of peptides and proteins due to their high endocytosis abilities. An in vitro model of human FAE (co-cultures) was used to evaluate the influence of M cells on the transport of free and encapsulated helodermin - a model peptide - across the intestinal epithelium. M cells enhanced transport of intact helodermin (18-fold, Papp 3 X 10(-6) cm s(-1)). As pegylation increased nanoparticle transport by M cells, helodermin was encapsulated in 200 mu nanoparticles containing PEG-b-PLA:PLGA 1:1. Stability of the selected formulation was demonstrated in simulated gastric and intestinal fluids. M cells increased the transport of helodermin encapsulated in these nanoparticles by a factor of 415, as compared to Caco-2 cells. Transport of free and encapsulated helodermin occurred most probably by endocytosis. In conclusion, M cells improved helodermin transport across the intestinal epithelium, confirming their high potential for oral delivery of peptides. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 94 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailControlled synthesis of carboxylic acid end-capped poly(heptadecafluorodecyl acrylate) and copolymers with 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Calberg, Cédric ULg et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (2007), 45(8), 1499-1506

1H,1H,2H,2H-Heptadecafluorodecyl acrylate (AC8) was polymerized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer and copolymerized with 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate with the formation of random and block ... [more ▼]

1H,1H,2H,2H-Heptadecafluorodecyl acrylate (AC8) was polymerized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer and copolymerized with 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate with the formation of random and block copolymers, respectively. The kinetics of the (co)polymerization was monitored with H-1 NMR spectroscopy and showed that the homopolymerization and random copolymerization of AC8 were under control. As a result of this control and the use of S-1-dodecyl-S-(alpha,alpha'-dimethyl-alpha"-acetic acid)trithiocarbonate as a chain-transfer agent, the copolymer chains were end-capped by an a-carboxylic acid group. Moreover, the controlled polymerization of AC8 was confirmed by the successful synthesis of poly(1H,1H,2H,2H-heptadecafluorodecyl acrylate)-b-poly(2hydroxyethyl acrylate) diblock copolymers, which were typically amphiphilic compounds. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailControlled radical polymerization of styrene mediated by the C-phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone/AIBN pair: Kinetics and electron spin resonance analysis
Sciannamea, Valérie; Catala, Jean-Marie; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (2007), 45(7), 1219-1235

Kinetics of the free radical polymerization of styrene at 110 degrees C has been investigated in the presence of C-phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone (PBN) and 2,2'-azobis(isobutyronitrile) (AIBN) after ... [more ▼]

Kinetics of the free radical polymerization of styrene at 110 degrees C has been investigated in the presence of C-phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone (PBN) and 2,2'-azobis(isobutyronitrile) (AIBN) after prereaction in toluene at 85 degrees C. The effect of the prereaction time and the PBN/AIBN molar ratio on the in situ formation of nitroxides and alkoxyamines (at 85 degrees C), and ultimately on the control of the styrene polymerization at 110 degrees C, has been investigated. As a rule, the styrene radical polymerization is controlled, and the mechanism is one of the classical nitroxide-mediated polymerization. Only one type of nitroxide (low-molecular-mass nitroxide) is formed whatever the prereaction conditions at 85 degrees C, and the equilibrium constant (K) between active and dormant species is 8.7 x 10(-10) mol L-1 at 110 degrees C. At this temperature, the dissociation rate constant (k(d)) is 3.7 x 10(-3) s(-1), the recombination rate constant (k(c)) is 4.3 x 10(6) L mol(-1) s(-1), whereas the activation energy (E-a,E-diss), for the dissociation of the alkoxyamine at the chain-end is similar to 125 kJ mol(-1). Importantly, the propagation rate at 110 degrees C, which does not change significantly with the prereaction time and the PBN/AIBN molar ratio at 85 degrees C, is higher than that for the thermal polymerization at 110 degrees C. This propagation rate directly depends on the equilibrium constant K and on the alkoxyamine and nitroxide concentrations, as well. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGrafting of poly[2-(tert-butylamino)ethyl methacrylate] onto polypropylene by reactive blending and antibacterial activity of the copolymer
Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg; Lenoir, Sandrine ULg; Riga, Johan ULg et al

in Biomacromolecules (2007), 8(4), 1171-1177

To combine low cost, good mechanical properties, and antibacterial activity in one material, a nonquaternized polymeric biocide, i.e., poly[2-(tert-butylamino)ethyl methacrylate] (PTBAEMA), was dispersed ... [more ▼]

To combine low cost, good mechanical properties, and antibacterial activity in one material, a nonquaternized polymeric biocide, i.e., poly[2-(tert-butylamino)ethyl methacrylate] (PTBAEMA), was dispersed within a commodity plastic, i.e., polypropylene (PP). The high immiscibility of the two polymers was tackled by reactive compatibilization and thus by reaction of commercially available maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene with primary amine-end-capped PTBAEMA. This reactive polymethacrylate was synthesized by atom-transfer radical polymerization with an azide-containing initiator. The azide end group was converted into a primary amine by the Huisgen [3 + 2] cycloaddition of propargylamine. The accordingly formed PP-g-PTBAEMA copolymer was melt dispersed within neat PP and processed as fibers, whose antimicrobial properties were assessed by the viable cell counting method against Escherichia coli. The antibacterial activity was long-lasting as a result of the anchoring of the PTBAEMA chains onto PP, which prevented them from being released from the surface of the fibers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailC-60-containing nanostructured polymeric materials with potential biomedical applications
Stoilova, Olya; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

in Polymer (2007), 48(7), 1835-1843

Star-shaped polymers with a fullerene (C-60) Core and an unexpanded structure were successfully prepared by reaction Of C60 with amino end-capped polyesters HxC60(NHPCLn)(x) and polyethers HxC60(NHPEG(n ... [more ▼]

Star-shaped polymers with a fullerene (C-60) Core and an unexpanded structure were successfully prepared by reaction Of C60 with amino end-capped polyesters HxC60(NHPCLn)(x) and polyethers HxC60(NHPEG(n))(x), respectively. Upon irradiation of these C-60-derivatives, a large amount of singlet oxygen was released. Compared to previously synthesized star-shaped azafulleroids with an expanded structure, the photosensitivity of HxC60(NHPCLn)(x) is higher as assessed by a higher production of singlet oxygen. The cytotoxicity of the photoactive water-soluble HxC60(NHPEG(n))(x) derivatives was tested against THP-1 cells and expressed in terms of cell viability. Moreover, they were processed as micro-/nanosized fibers by electrospinning, which however required the addition of poly(F-caprolactone) (PCL). The diameter distribution of the fibers was trimodal, where the fraction with the 270 nm average diameter was the major population. Because of their photoactivity, the herein reported star-shaped C-60-derivatives are promising candidates for photodynamic cancer therapy and treatment of multidrug resistant pathogens. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailProduction of novel radiation-hardening binding agents
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg

Patent (2007)

Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft ein Verfahren zur Herstellung neuartiger Bindemittel, die unter Einwirkung aktinischer Strahlung mit ethylenisch ungesättigten Verbindungen unter Polymerisation ... [more ▼]

Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft ein Verfahren zur Herstellung neuartiger Bindemittel, die unter Einwirkung aktinischer Strahlung mit ethylenisch ungesättigten Verbindungen unter Polymerisation reagierende Gruppen und gegebenenfalls auch gegenüber Isocyanaten reaktive Gruppen aufweisen, sowie deren Verwendung in Beschichtungsmitteln. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLow-viscosity allophanates having actinically hardenable groups
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg

Patent (2007)

Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft niedrigviskose Umsetzungsprodukte von Polyisocyanaten, die aktivierte unter Einwirkung aktinischer Strahlung mit ethylenisch ungesättigten Verbindungen unter ... [more ▼]

Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft niedrigviskose Umsetzungsprodukte von Polyisocyanaten, die aktivierte unter Einwirkung aktinischer Strahlung mit ethylenisch ungesättigten Verbindungen unter Polymerisation reagierende Gruppen enthalten, ein Verfahren zu ihrer Herstellung sowie deren Verwendung in Beschichtungsmitteln. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFast controlled radical polymerization of styrene mediated by oligomeric nitroxides formed in situ
Sciannamea, Valérie; Catala, Jean-Marie; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Macromolecular Rapid Communications (2007), 28(2), 147-151

In the presence of an oligomeric hindered secondary amine added with peracetic acid as the oxidant, radical polymerization of styrene is fast and controlled at 110 degrees C. Under these experimental ... [more ▼]

In the presence of an oligomeric hindered secondary amine added with peracetic acid as the oxidant, radical polymerization of styrene is fast and controlled at 110 degrees C. Under these experimental conditions, an oligomeric nitroxide is formed in situ. This polymerization is 2.5 faster than polymerization mediated by the alkoxyamine derivated from TIPNO (2,2,5-trimethyl-4- phenyl-3-azahexane-3-nitroxide), which generates a low molar mass nitroxide. Similarly, substitution of a low molar mass secondary amine, 2,2,6, 6-tetramethylpiperidone (4-oxo-TMP), for the oligomeric secondary amine maintains the control on the polymerization, which is however 4.6 times slower, all the other conditions being the same. The in situ formation of the oligomeric nitroxide has been confirmed by electron spin resonance (ESR). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLow viscosity allophanates containing actinically hardenable groups
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Weikard, Jan; Greszta-Franz, Dorota et al

Patent (2007)

Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft niedrigviskose Umsetzungsprodukte von Polyisocyanaten, die aktivierte unter Einwirkung aktinischer Strahlung mit ethylenisch ungesättigten Verbindungen unter ... [more ▼]

Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft niedrigviskose Umsetzungsprodukte von Polyisocyanaten, die aktivierte unter Einwirkung aktinischer Strahlung mit ethylenisch ungesättigten Verbindungen unter Polymerisation reagierende Gruppen enthalten, ein Verfahren zu ihrer Herstellung sowie deren Verwendung in Beschichtungsmitteln. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
See detailA new tool for the macromolecular engineering
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg

Scientific conference (2007, January 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSynthesis of poly(vinyl acetate)-b-polystyrene and poly(vinyl alcohol)-b-polystyrene copolymers by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization
Bryaskova, Rayna ULg; Willet, Nicolas ULg; Debuigne, Antoine ULg et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (2007), 45(1), 81-89

Well-defined poly(vinyl acetate) macroinitiators, with the chains thus end-capped by a cobalt complex, were synthesized by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization and used to initiate styrene ... [more ▼]

Well-defined poly(vinyl acetate) macroinitiators, with the chains thus end-capped by a cobalt complex, were synthesized by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization and used to initiate styrene polymerization at 30 degrees C. Although the polymerization of the second block was not controlled, poly(vinyl acetate)-b-polystyrene copolymers were successfully prepared and converted into amphiphilic poly(vinyl alcohol)-b-polystyrene copolymers by the methanolysis of the ester functions of the poly(vinyl acetate) block. These poly(vinyl alcohol)-b-polystyrene copolymers self-associated in water with the formation of nanocups, at least when the poly(vinyl alcohol) content was low enough. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffects of incorporation of modified silica nanoparticles on the mechanical and thermal properties of PMMA
Etienne, Stéphanie; Becker, Claude; Ruch, David et al

in Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry (2007), 87(1), 101-104

Silica nanoparticles of various sizes have been incorporated by melt compounding in a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) matrix to enhance its thermal and mechanical properties. In order to improve ... [more ▼]

Silica nanoparticles of various sizes have been incorporated by melt compounding in a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) matrix to enhance its thermal and mechanical properties. In order to improve nanoparticles dispersion, PMMA grafted particles have been prepared by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) from well-defined silica nanoparticles. This strategy was expected to ensure compatibility between both components of the PMMA nanocomposites. TEM analysis have been performed to evaluate the nanosilica dispersion whereas modified and non-modified silica/PMMA nanocomposites thermal stability and mechanical properties have been investigated by both thermogravimetric and dynamical mechanical analysis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (10 ULg)
Full Text
See detailProduction of novel radiation-hardening binding agents
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Weikard, Jan; Greszta-Franz, Dorota et al

Patent (2006)

Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft ein Verfahren zur Herstellung neuartiger Bindemittel, die unter Einwirkung aktinischer Strahlung mit ethylenisch ungesättigten Verbindungen unter Polymerisation ... [more ▼]

Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft ein Verfahren zur Herstellung neuartiger Bindemittel, die unter Einwirkung aktinischer Strahlung mit ethylenisch ungesättigten Verbindungen unter Polymerisation reagierende Gruppen und gegebenenfalls auch gegenüber Isocyanaten reaktive Gruppen aufweisen, sowie deren Verwendung in Beschichtungsmitteln. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailProduction of novel radiation-hardening binding agents
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Weikard, Jan; Greszta-Franz, Dorota et al

Patent (2006)

The invention relates to a method for producing novel binding agents comprising groups reacting with polymerising ethylenically unsaturated compounds under the action of actinic radiation and optionally ... [more ▼]

The invention relates to a method for producing novel binding agents comprising groups reacting with polymerising ethylenically unsaturated compounds under the action of actinic radiation and optionally also isocyanate-reactive groups. The invention also relates to the use of said binding agents in coating substances. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLow viscosity allophanates containing actinically hardenable groups
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Weikard, Jan; Greszta-Franz, Dorota et al

Patent (2006)

The invention relates to low-viscosity conversion products of polyisocyanates containing activated groups that, under the influence of actinic radiation, react with ethylenically unsaturated compounds ... [more ▼]

The invention relates to low-viscosity conversion products of polyisocyanates containing activated groups that, under the influence of actinic radiation, react with ethylenically unsaturated compounds while polymerizing, to a method for producing these conversion products, and to their use in coating agents. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of vinyl acetate initiated by redox systems: Toward the scale-up of CMRP
Bryaskova, Rayna ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Debuigne, Antoine ULg et al

in Macromolecules (2006), 39(24), 8263-8268

A redox initiating system was developed in order to bypass 2,2'-azobis(4-methoxy-2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile) (V70) as the initiator of the cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of vinyl acetate ... [more ▼]

A redox initiating system was developed in order to bypass 2,2'-azobis(4-methoxy-2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile) (V70) as the initiator of the cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of vinyl acetate (VAc) in the presence of cobalt(II) acetylacetonate (Co(acac)(2)). It is indeed a problem to stock up with V70 because of needed storage at -20 degrees C during transportation. This paper reports on the controlled CMRP of VAc initiated by ascorbic acid combined with either lauroyl peroxide or benzoyl peroxide at 30 degrees C. Substitution of citric acid for ascorbic acid results in faster polymerization whereas the polymerization control is maintained. All these improvements facilitate the implementation of the vinyl acetate CMRP and open the door to the scale-up of the process. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (5 ULg)