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See detailRelationship between changes in bone mineral density or bone turnover markers and vertebral fracture incidence in patients treated with bazedoxifene
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Detilleux, Johann ULg; Akadi, Chines et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2010, October), 62(10), 406-407

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See detailEmergence of coagulase negative staphylococci in Southern Belgium - Facts and Figures
Theron, Léonard ULg; Bughin, Jean; Detilleux, Johann ULg et al

Conference (2010, September 16)

Since the early 1990s in Wallonia, coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS) have been identified as mastitis agent, both clinical and subclinical. As there epidemiological cluster has not yet been clearly ... [more ▼]

Since the early 1990s in Wallonia, coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS) have been identified as mastitis agent, both clinical and subclinical. As there epidemiological cluster has not yet been clearly classified between environmental and contagious pathogen, several questions subsists toward this class of mastitis etiological agents. From the late 1990s were the CNS represented 12% of infected quarters to 23% of all positive identifications in 2008, the CNS have taken a large part of the clinical cases of mastitis. Comparatively, CNS in Flanders represents only 7% of clinical cases identifications and 24% of subclinical cases. They still represent low inflammation pathogens, as for the average somatic cell count (SCC) of a CNS infection is 450.000 cells/ml (DETILLEUX, J. 1999. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 41, 75-88.) but they represent for sure a source of treatment events in farm as for they provoke clinical mastitis. So, however they are seen as minor pathogens of a lesser matter regarding milk production drop, they still can imply a treatment a loss of discarded milk. Whether or not they should be treated could be approached through the Mammipack® project results. 124 common clinical mastitis events where sampled for bacteriology at day 0 and day 21 (Fig. 1). Farmer were asked to qualify the severity of the mastitis whether it had abnormal milk (score 1); abnormal quarter (score 2) or hyperthermia/anorexia (score 3). Also, they recorded the treatment used and we collected the SCC of each cow recorded, 2 months before the clinical signs until 3 months after. We decided to define as “chronic cases” cows showing SCC > 250.000 cells/ml the month before the clinical event and as “cured” cows showing SCC < 250.000 cells/ml the month after the event or the next one if the mastitis took place less than 15 days before test day. We could show that CNS infections still account for the least severe cases (Fig. 2), except for S. simulans, S. saprophyticus and S. hominis that shown some quarter indurations. While only 10% of clinical infection does remain clinically uncured to the farmer, figure 3 explains how 50% of CNS infections in our essay remained globally cured (Bacteriological and tissular), even if 40% of their treatments shown to be inadequate. Also, only one infection could be referred as a chronic case, all the others were acute cases. Though this study recorded a small amount of cases, yet we did not find any results differing from known characteristics of CNS infections. One interesting facts is the quite easy cure of the infected quarters given the poor quality of treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationship between 3-month changes in biochemical markers of bone remodelling and changes in bone mineral density and fracture incidence in patients treated with strontium ranelate for 3 years.
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Collette, Julien ULg; Rizzoli, R. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2010), 21

From two randomised controlled trials, it is shown that 3-month changes in biochemical markers of bone formation (bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and C-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen) were ... [more ▼]

From two randomised controlled trials, it is shown that 3-month changes in biochemical markers of bone formation (bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and C-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen) were associated with 3-year bone mineral density (BMD) changes, but not fracture incidence in patients treated with strontium ranelate. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess if short-term change in biochemical markers of bone remodelling is associated with long-term BMD change and fracture incidence observed during treatment with strontium ranelate. METHODS: From the SOTI and TROPOS trials, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP), C-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PICP), serum C-terminal telopeptides (S-CTX) and urine N-terminal telopeptides of type I collagen (U-NTX) were assessed at baseline and after 3 months. RESULTS: Two thousand three hundred seventy-three women were included in this study. Multiple regression analysis showed that 3-month changes in PICP and BALP but not s-CTX I nor s-NTX I were significantly (p < 0.001) associated with 3-year BMD changes at the lumbar spine and the femoral neck. Changes in s-CTX I, PICP and BALP were significantly associated with change in total proximal femur BMD. Changes in biochemical markers explain less than 8% of the BMD changes. The 3-month changes in BALP, PICP s-CTX I and s-NTX I were not significantly associated with fracture incidence. CONCLUSIONS: Short-term changes in biochemical markers of bone formation are associated with future BMD changes in patients treated with strontium ranelate, suggesting a bone-forming activity of this treatment, but are not appropriate to monitor the efficacy of strontium ranelate at the individual level. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of low-molecular-weight heparin for the prevention of equine laminitis after colic surgery
de la Rebière de Pouyade, Geoffroy ULg; Grulke, Sigrid ULg; Detilleux, Johann ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care (2009), 19(1), 113-119

Objectives – The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence of postoperative laminitis in colic cases and to determine if low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) is effective in preventing this ... [more ▼]

Objectives – The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence of postoperative laminitis in colic cases and to determine if low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) is effective in preventing this complication. Design – Retrospective clinical study. Animals – Client-owned horses. Interventions – SC administration of enoxaparin during the postoperative period. Measurements and Main Results – Medical records of 360 horses undergoing surgery for colic and surviving at least 3 days were evaluated. Fifty-six horses admitted before 1995 did not receive LMWH (control group) and 304 admitted after 1995 received LMWH as a prophylaxis for laminitis (treatment group). Three grades of severity were defined for laminitis. Prevalence and severity of laminitis were compared between the 2 groups. Several parameters recorded on admission (sex, age, breed, site and nature of the disease, heart rate, PCV, gravity score, and shock score) and the administration of LMWH were tested as risk factors in the development of laminitis in a logistic regression procedure. Prevalence and grade of laminitis were significantly lower in the treatment group. Only the absence of LMWH was recognized as a significant risk factor in the logistic regression model. Conclusions – The administration of LMWH appears to be effective in the prophylaxis of laminitis following colic surgery and may be useful in the postoperative management of these horses. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationship between biochemical markers and radiographic scores in the evaluation of the osteoarticular status of Warmblood stallions
Verwilghen, Denis ULg; Busoni, Valeria ULg; Gangl, Monika et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (2009), 87(2), 319-28

Establishing the osteoarticular status of the horse is often performed by means of radiological screening of the animals. Widespread blood sampling could reveal to be an interesting alternative to this ... [more ▼]

Establishing the osteoarticular status of the horse is often performed by means of radiological screening of the animals. Widespread blood sampling could reveal to be an interesting alternative to this procedure which is time consuming and sometimes technically difficult. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the radiological status of the horses and the levels of biochemical markers of cartilage degradation and synovial inflammation. A specific radiological scoring and classification system was therefore developed and applied on 63 stallions presented for studbook admission. Additionally, groups of horses were established according to the occurrence of osteochondrosis, degenerative joint disease and distal interphalangeal joint effusion. Insulin growth factor-I, myeloperoxidases, Coll2-1 and Coll2-1NO(2) were used as blood markers. The combination of the blood parameters did not seem to correlate with the used scoring system. Coll2-1NO(2) levels however tended to increase with poorer radiological class and this could therefore potentially be a useful predictor of the osteoarticular status in the horse. Coll2-1 levels were significantly higher in the degenerative joint disease group. A high percentage of horses with distal interphalangeal joint effusion was present in this study and was associated with decreased IGF-I and increased Coll2-1 levels. [less ▲]

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See detailReproductive Performance of the Ardennaise Chicken Breed under Traditional and Modern Breeding Management Systems
Larivière, Jean-Marc ULg; Michaux, Charles ULg; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in International Journal of Poultry Sciences (2009), 8(5), 446-451

Enhancing the use of traditional chicken breeds is necessary to insure long-term conservation of global genetic diversity in poultry. A logical start in this process is to evaluate performance. The ... [more ▼]

Enhancing the use of traditional chicken breeds is necessary to insure long-term conservation of global genetic diversity in poultry. A logical start in this process is to evaluate performance. The objective of this study was to estimate reproductive traits in the Ardennaise chicken breed under traditional and modern management systems. Reproductive performance indicated lighting programs [Natural (NAT) or Artificial (ART) day length] were highly significant for egg weight, hatchability (p<0.001), early and mid-term embryonic mortality (p<0.01). Feeding treatments [ad libitum (AL) or mild Feed-restriction (FR)] varied greatly with egg weight, hatchability, fertility (p<0.001) and late embryonic mortality (p<0.05). Most precocious age at first egg (23 weeks), longest duration of laying period (>27 weeks), utmost maximum production peak (56.67%), largest egg number (70.13 eggs/hen) and number of chicks hatched (24.10 chicks/hen) were performed under ART-AL. Heaviest egg weight (53.21g), highest fertility (70.20%), greatest hatchability (55.58%), highest liveability during rearing (95.74%) and lay (100%), lowest early (3.51%) and mid-term embryonic mortality (1.17%) were achieved under NAT-AL. To summarize, most of traits studied in the Ardennaise chicken were moderate when compared to those expected by broiler breeders. [less ▲]

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See detailLoss of hip bone mineral density over time is associated with spine and hip fracture incidence in osteoporotic postmenopausal women.
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Varela, A. R.; Adami, S. et al

in European journal of epidemiology (2009), 24

The objective of the study assess the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) loss over time and fracture incidence in postmenopausal women. This is a posthoc analysis that includes women from the ... [more ▼]

The objective of the study assess the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) loss over time and fracture incidence in postmenopausal women. This is a posthoc analysis that includes women from the placebo group of two large randomized controlled trials having assessed the efficacy of a new anti-osteoporotic drug. BMD was assessed every 6 months during 3 years at the lumbar spine, the femoral neck and the total proximal femur. Vertebral fractures were assessed using a semiquantitative method. Hip fractures were based on written documentation. All patients received calcium and vitamin D. In the present study that included 1,775 patients (with complete data at baseline and after 3 years), the logistic regression analysis, adjusted for covariates, showed that 3-year change in lumbar BMD was not statistically associated with the new vertebral fractures after 3 years. However, femoral neck and total proximal femur BMD changes was statistically correlated with the incidence of new vertebral fractures (P < 0.001). When considering change in BMD after the first year of follow-up, a decrease in total proximal femur BMD was statistically associated with an increase in the incidence of new vertebral fractures during the last 2 years of follow-up (P = 0.048). The 3-year change in femoral neck and total proximal BMD was statistically correlated with the incidence of hip and fragility fracture after 3 years (all P < 0.001). In this elderly osteoporotic population receiving calcium and vitamin D, a decrease in hip BMD after 1 or 3 year of follow-up, is associated with an increased risk of fracture incidence. However, spine BMD changes do not influence vertebral fracture incidence. [less ▲]

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See detailCardiac Power Output during Dobutamine Stress
Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Deleuze, Stefan ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2009)

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See detailGenetic factors affecting susceptibility to udder pathogens
Detilleux, Johann ULg

in Veterinary Microbiology (2009), 134(1-2), 157-164

Many studies have identified genetic factors underlying resistance or susceptibility to mastitis in dairy cows and heifers. Some authors focused on polygenic variation while others searched for genes and ... [more ▼]

Many studies have identified genetic factors underlying resistance or susceptibility to mastitis in dairy cows and heifers. Some authors focused on polygenic variation while others searched for genes and/or quantitative trait loci with major effects on mastitis. Classical traits related to mastitis include somatic cell counts, electrical conductivity and clinical cases of the disease. With the development of automatic milking devices and '-omics' technologies, new traits are considered, such as acute phase proteins, immunological assays, and milk flow patterns, and new biological pathways are discovered, for example the role of mammary epithelium and the nervous system. The usefulness of these traits for the identification of resistant cows is discussed in relation to the biological mechanisms underlying the development of the disease. In addition, the utility of these traits for genetic improvement is reviewed. Finally, the problem of durability in resistance is addressed, including co-evolution and the cost of resistance. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence de l'apport énergétique et de l'hibernation sur la croissance des tortues terrestres
Diez, Marianne ULg; Justet, Delphine; Detilleux, Johann ULg et al

in 15th FECAVA Eurocongress - Proceedings (2009)

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See detailEffects of different levels of energy allowances and of hibernation on growth in hatchling Testudo hermanni boettgeri (Mojsisovic, 1889)
Diez, Marianne ULg; Vanstrazeele, Boris; Justet, Delphine et al

in Clauss, M.; Fidgett, A.; Hatt, J. M. (Eds.) et al Zoo Animal Nutrition IV (2009)

Cet article présente des données de croissance de Testudo nouveaux nés dont les apports alimentaires et l'hibernation ont été contrôlés.

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See detailThe Influence of Phylogenic Origin on the Occurrence of Brachycephalic Airway Obstruction Syndrome in a Large Retrospective Study
Njikam Nsangou, Ibrahim ULg; Huault, Maxime; Pirson, Vincent et al

in International journal of applied research in veterinary medicine (2009), 7(3), 138-143

Strategies to identify genetic polymorphisms responsible for inherited disorders in purebred dog population are often based on experimental studies whereas hospitals case reports provide widely and easily ... [more ▼]

Strategies to identify genetic polymorphisms responsible for inherited disorders in purebred dog population are often based on experimental studies whereas hospitals case reports provide widely and easily affordable information of clinical significance. When this clinical information is enriched with knowledge on the phylogenetic origins, breed histories of the dog and adjusted for known biases, they may lead the way to more in depth genetic research. We illustrated here with a very complex disease, the brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome (BAOS). No cases were reported in the boxer breed while almost half of the dogs from the other brachycephalic breeds of the same phylogenetic cluster were BAOS, making these breeds good candidates for further genetic studies. Critical issues to improve utility of clinical data for genetic studies are discussed along with methods to handle biases inherent to such type of studies. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative Pharmacokinetics of Two Intravenous Administration Regimens of Tiludronate in Healthy Adult Horses and Effects on the Bone Resorption Marker Ctx-1
Delguste, Catherine ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg; Guyonnet, J. et al

in Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology & Therapeutics (2008), 31(2), 108-16

Bioavailability and pharmacological effects of tiludronate were compared when administered as an intravenous (i.v.) bolus at a dosage of 0.1 mg/kg body weight (b.w.) once daily for 10 consecutive days ... [more ▼]

Bioavailability and pharmacological effects of tiludronate were compared when administered as an intravenous (i.v.) bolus at a dosage of 0.1 mg/kg body weight (b.w.) once daily for 10 consecutive days (group 1, n = 6) and as a single constant rate infusion (CRI) at a total dose of 1 mg/kg b.w. (group 2, n = 6) in healthy adult horses. Tiludronate and carboxy-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-1) were measured in plasma and urine. There was no statistically significant difference in area under the curve (AUC) and clearance (Cl) between the two groups. Bioavailability of the CRI was 103% (not significantly different) that of the 10 daily i.v. bolus doses. Cumulative urine tiludronate excretion could not be compared between groups because of poor sensitivity of the assay in urine. Plasma and urine CTX-1 levels were not different between groups throughout the study. However, interindividual variations were greater in group 1 than in group 2. A significant decrease in CTX-1 levels was observed in plasma after the first administration in group 1, but not in urine; while in group 2, a significant decrease in CTX-1 concentrations was observed after treatment in both plasma and urine. In conclusion, both dosage regimens of tiludronate produced similar plasma exposure and pharmacological effects in adult healthy horses. [less ▲]

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