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See detailProduction and down-stream processing of an extracellular lipase from the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica
Fickers, Patrick ULg; Ongena, MARC ULg; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Enzyme & Microbial Technology (2006), 38(6), 756-759

Lipase constitutes an interesting class of enzyme with many biotechnological applications. However, the development of a fruitful process must be set up to obtained a product compatible with the ... [more ▼]

Lipase constitutes an interesting class of enzyme with many biotechnological applications. However, the development of a fruitful process must be set up to obtained a product compatible with the industrial and commercial needs. Here, we report the development of such a process for the extracellular lipase secreted by the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. The enzyme production, carried out in a 2000 L bioreactor, led to a lipase activity of approximately 1100 U mL(-1) after 53 h of fermentation. The post-culture treatment, consisting of a centrifugation, a filtration and an ultra-filtration steps, led to 15-fold volume reduction and a 8-fold increased of the lipase activity. Finally, addition of 12% of milk powder and 3% of gum arabic before spray-drying dehydration led to a stable powder with a lipolytic activity of 37,500 U g D.W.(-1). (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailBacteriocin Activity By Lactobacillus Curvatus Cwbi-B28 To Inactivate Listeria Monocytogenes In Cold-Smoked Salmon During 4 Degrees C Storage
Ghalfi, H.; Allaoui, A.; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Journal of Food Protection (2006), 69(5),

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See detailStochastic models to study the impact of mixing on a fed-batch culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Delvigne, Frank ULg; Lejeune, Annick ULg; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Biotechnology Progress (2006), 22(1), 259-69

The mechanisms of interaction between microorganisms and their environment in a stirred bioreactor can be modeled by a stochastic approach. The procedure comprises two submodels: a classical stochastic ... [more ▼]

The mechanisms of interaction between microorganisms and their environment in a stirred bioreactor can be modeled by a stochastic approach. The procedure comprises two submodels: a classical stochastic model for the microbial cell circulation and a Markov chain model for the concentration gradient calculus. The advantage lies in the fact that the core of each submodel, i.e., the transition matrix (which contains the probabilities to shift from a perfectly mixed compartment to another in the bioreactor representation), is identical for the two cases. That means that both the particle circulation and fluid mixing process can be analyzed by use of the same modeling basis. This assumption has been validated by performing inert tracer (NaCl) and stained yeast cells dispersion experiments that have shown good agreement with simulation results. The stochastic model has been used to define a characteristic concentration profile experienced by the microorganisms during a fermentation test performed in a scale-down reactor. The concentration profiles obtained in this way can explain the scale-down effect in the case of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fed-batch process. The simulation results are analyzed in order to give some explanations about the effect of the substrate fluctuation dynamics on S. cerevisiae. [less ▲]

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See detailInvolvement of fengycin-type lipopeptides in the multifaceted biocontrol potential of Bacillus subtilis
Ongena, MARC ULg; Jacques, Philippe ULg; Toure, Y. et al

in Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology (2005), 69(1), 29-38

In this work, the potential of Bacillus subtilis strain M4 at protecting plants against fungal diseases was demonstrated in different pathosystems. We provide evidence for the role of secreted ... [more ▼]

In this work, the potential of Bacillus subtilis strain M4 at protecting plants against fungal diseases was demonstrated in different pathosystems. We provide evidence for the role of secreted lipopeptides, and more particularly of fengycins, in the protective effect afforded by the strain against damping-off of bean seedlings caused by Pythium ultimum and against gray mold of apple in post-harvest disease. This role was demonstrated by the strong biocontrol activity of lipopeptide-enriched extracts and through the detection of inhibitory quantities of fengycins in infected tissues. Beside such a direct antagonism of the pathogen, we show that root pre-inoculation with M4 enabled the host plant to react more efficiently to subsequent pathogen infection on leaves. Fengycins could also be involved in this systemic resistance-eliciting effect of strain M4, as these molecules may induce the synthesis of plant phenolics involved in or derived from the defense-related phenylpropanoid metabolism. Much remains to be discovered about the mechanisms by which Bacillus spp suppress disease. Through this study on strain M4, we reinforce the interest in B. subtilis as a pathogen antagonist and plant defense-inducing agent. The secretion of cyclic fengycin-type lipopeptides may be tightly related to the expression of these two biocontrol traits. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthese enzymatique d’esters de sucre au départ d’huiles végétales
Detry, J.; Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

Poster (2005, October 14)

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See detailSugar esters lipase mediated synthesis from vegetable oils
Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Detry, Jean; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

Scientific conference (2005, September 19)

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See detailSugar esters lipase mediated synthesis from vegetable oils
Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Detry, J.; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

Poster (2005, September)

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See detailFormulation solide de la lipase de Yarrowia lipolytica
Alloue, M.; Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Thonart, Philippe ULg

Poster (2005, March 05)

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See detailInvolvement of hexokinase HXK1 in glucose catabolite repression of LIP2 encoding extracellular lipase in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica
Fickers, Patrick ULg; Nicaud, J. M.; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Current Microbiology (2005), 50(3), 133-137

The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica produces an extracellular lipase encoded by the LIP2 gene. However, very little is known about the mechanisms controlling its expression, especially on glucose media. In this ... [more ▼]

The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica produces an extracellular lipase encoded by the LIP2 gene. However, very little is known about the mechanisms controlling its expression, especially on glucose media. In this work, the involvement of hexokinase Hxk1 in the glucose catabolite repression of LIP2 was investigated in a lipase overproducing mutant less sensitive to glucose repression. This mutant has a reduced capacity to phosphorylate hexose compared with the wild-type strain, but no differences could be observed between the HXK1 sequences in the two isolates. This suggested that the reduced phosphorylating activity of the mutant strain probably resulted from a modification in the level of HXK1 expression. However, overexpression of the HXK1 gene in this mutant led to a decrease of both LIP2 induction and extracellular lipase activity, suggesting that the hexokinase is involved in the glucose catabolite repression of LIP2 in Y lipolytica. [less ▲]

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See detailSelection of new over-producing derivatives for the improvement of extracellular lipase production by the non-conventional yeast Yarrowia lipolytica
Fickers, Patrick ULg; Fudalej, F.; Nicaud, J. M. et al

in Journal of Biotechnology (2005), 115(4), 379-386

The non-conventional yeast Yarrowia lipolytica produces an extracellular lipase encoded by the LIP2 gene. Mutant strains with enhanced productivity were previously obtained either by chemical mutagenesis ... [more ▼]

The non-conventional yeast Yarrowia lipolytica produces an extracellular lipase encoded by the LIP2 gene. Mutant strains with enhanced productivity were previously obtained either by chemical mutagenesis or genetic engineering. In this work, we used one of these mutants, named LgX64.81 to select new overproducing strains following by amplification of the LIP2 gene. We also developed a process for lipase production in bioreactors and compared lipase production levels in batch and fed-batch cultures. Batch culture led to a lipase production of 26 450 U ml(-1) in a media containing olive oil and tryptone as carbon and nitrogen sources. Feeding of a combination of tryptone and olive oil at the end of the exponential growth phase yielded to lipase activity of 158 246 U ml(-1) after 80 h of cultivation. In addition this production system developed for the extracellular lipase could also be applied for other heterologous protein production since we have demonstrated that LgX64.81 is an interesting alternative host strain. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailThe two-phase water/silicon oil bioreactor prospects in off-gas treatment
Aldric, Jean-Marc ULg; Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Thonart, Philippe ULg

in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (2005), 121(Spring), 707-719

Research was carried out to develop a biphasic biologic reactor able to clean the gas effluents polluted by volatile organic compounds. Initially, Rhodococcus erythropolis T 902.1 was selected on the ... [more ▼]

Research was carried out to develop a biphasic biologic reactor able to clean the gas effluents polluted by volatile organic compounds. Initially, Rhodococcus erythropolis T 902.1 was selected on the basis of its capacity to degrade isopropylbenzene (IPB). The effect of gas flow and IPB concentration on the biodegadation of IPB was evaluated. The results show that the use of silicon oil allows large quantities of IPB to be absorbed within the medium of biologic abatement. On the other hand, the biodegradation rate was directly correlated to the inlet flow of IPB. Thus, the reactor presents interesting opportunities for the biologic treatment of gas effluents. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of catalase production by an Aspergillus phoenicis mutant strain in date flour extract submerged cultures
Kacem-Chaouche, Noreddine; Maraihi; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2005), 9(3), 173-178

The production of extracellular catalase in date flour submerged medium by a selected mutant Aspergillus phoenicis K30 (member of the Aspergillus niger group) was investigated. The strain was tested in ... [more ▼]

The production of extracellular catalase in date flour submerged medium by a selected mutant Aspergillus phoenicis K30 (member of the Aspergillus niger group) was investigated. The strain was tested in 500 ml shake-flasks and in a 20 l bioreactor with date powder as a single carbon source. Extracellular catalase production reached 59 U ml-1 in both cases. This value is much greater than that of a wild-type strain (9.5 U ml-1). Microscopic examination showed that the extracellular catalase production was correlated with the ramified hyphals morphology in the external layer of the pellets. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of a synthetic gene encoding a Tribolium castaneum carboxylesterase in Pichia pastoris
Delroisse, Jean-Marc; Dannau, Marie; Gilsoul, Jean-Jacques et al

in Protein Expression & Purification (2005), 42(2), 286-294

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See detailEstimation of bioreactor efficiency through structured hydrodynamic modeling case study of a Pichia pastoris fed-batch process.
Delvigne, Frank ULg; El Mejdoub, Thami ULg; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (2005), 121-124

In this article, two theories are unified to investigate the effect of hydrodynamics on a specific bioprocess: the network-of-zones (NOZ) hydrodynamic structured modeling approach (developed by several ... [more ▼]

In this article, two theories are unified to investigate the effect of hydrodynamics on a specific bioprocess: the network-of-zones (NOZ) hydrodynamic structured modeling approach (developed by several researchers but applied to only a few bioprocesses) and the effectiveness factor eta approach. Two process scales were investigated (20 and 500 L), and for each, hydrodynamics were quantified using an NOZ validated by homogeneity time measurements. Several impeller combinations inducing quite different hydrodynamics were tested at the 20-L scale. After this step, effectiveness factors were determined for each fermentation run. To achieve this, a perfectly mixed microbial kinetic model was evaluated by using simple Monod kinetics with a fed-batch mass balance. This methodology permitted determination of the effectiveness factor with more accuracy because of the relation with the perfect case deduced from the Monod kinetics. It appeared that for the small scale, eta decreased until reaching a value of approx 0.7 (30% from the ideal case) for the three impeller systems investigated. However, stirring systems that include hydrofoils seemed to maintain higher effectiveness factors during the course of the fermentation. This effect can be attributed to oxygen transfer performance or to homogenization efficiency exhibited by the hydrofoils. To distinguish the oxygen transfer from the homogenization component of the effectiveness factor, these phenomena were analyzed separately. After determining the evolution of etaO2 linked to oxygen transfer for each of the fermentation runs, the NOZ model was employed to quantify substrate gradient appearance. After this step, another effectiveness factor, etamix, related to mixing was defined. Consequently, it is possible to distinguish the relative importance of the mixing effect and oxygen transfer on a given bioprocess. The results have highlighted an important scale effect on the bioprocess that can be analyzed using the NOZ model. [less ▲]

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See detailBioreactor hydrodynamic effect on Escherichia coli physiology: experimental results and stochastic simulations.
Delvigne, Frank ULg; Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Thonart, Philippe ULg

in Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering (2005), 28(2), 131-7

A microorganism circulating in a bioreactor can be submitted to hydrodynamic conditions inducing a significant effect on its physiology. The mixing time exhibited by the stirred bioreactor and the ... [more ▼]

A microorganism circulating in a bioreactor can be submitted to hydrodynamic conditions inducing a significant effect on its physiology. The mixing time exhibited by the stirred bioreactor and the circulation of microorganisms are both involved in this reacting system. The mixing component determines the intensity of the concentration gradient and the circulation component determines the way in which the microorganism is exposed to this gradient. These two components linked to the experimental evaluation of microbial physiology can be analysed by a structured stochastic model in the case of a partitioned or "scale-down" reactor (SDR). A stochastic model indeed enables to simulate the mixing process as well as the circulation of microorganisms in SDRs. The superimposition of mixing and circulation processes determines the concentration profile experienced by a microorganism in the reactor. In the present case, the glucose concentration experienced by Escherichia coli has been modelled during a fed-batch culture. In this context, the use of a stochastic hydrodynamic model has permitted to point out an interesting feed pulse retardant effect in the SDRs. Nevertheless, the metabolic response of E. coli is not easy to interpret because of the possible simultaneous developments of overflow metabolism and mixed acid fermentation induced by the strong glucose concentration in the reactor. [less ▲]

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See detailTraitement biologique d’un effluent de l’industrie des olives
Alloue; Aldric, Jean-Marc ULg; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Tribune de l'Eau (La) (2005)

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