References of "Denoël, Vincent"
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See detailA drifting impact oscillator with periodic impulsive loading: Application to percussive drilling
Depouhon, Alexandre ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg; Detournay, Emmanuel

in Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena (2013), 258(0), 1--10

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See detailEquivalent static wind loads for structures with non-proportional damping
Blaise, Nicolas ULg; Canor, Thomas ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Zingoni, A (Ed.) Fifth International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics & Computation (2013, September)

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See detailEulerian Formulation for an Extensible Elastic Rod
Huynen, Alexandre ULg; Detournay, Emmanuel; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (2013, September)

This paper reformulates the governing equations of an extensible elastic rod by reference to a given spatial curve. This Eulerian formulation is motivated by the need to solve efficiently the constrained ... [more ▼]

This paper reformulates the governing equations of an extensible elastic rod by reference to a given spatial curve. This Eulerian formulation is motivated by the need to solve efficiently the constrained elastica problem encountered in many medical and engineering applications, in which a thin rod is inserted in a tortuous conduit. The Eulerian reformulation of the equations hinges on the restatement of the rod local equilibrium in terms of derivatives with respect to the curvilinear coordinate associated with the reference curve and the description of the rod deflection as a perturbation of this curve. The originality of the proposed formulation lays in the axially unconstrained character of the resulting system such that the determination of the rod configuration between two fixed points reduces to the resolution of a classical boundary value problem. [less ▲]

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See detailOn a modified bilinear law to model bit/rock interaction in percussive drilling
Depouhon, Alexandre ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg; Detournay, Emmanuel

in Proceedings of the Nonlinear Dynamics in Engineering Conference (2013, August 21)

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See detailReference populations for shoulder studies should be selected carefully
Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg; Bruls, Olivier ULg et al

Conference (2013, August 06)

To assess various shoulder pathologies / treatments, non pathological populations are often used as references. However, some factors may influence significantly the scapular kinematics within a healthy ... [more ▼]

To assess various shoulder pathologies / treatments, non pathological populations are often used as references. However, some factors may influence significantly the scapular kinematics within a healthy population and consequently alter the final kinematic evaluation. Results of 3D shoulder assessment found in this study show that small (≈5°) but significant differences exist between gender and between the dominant and non-dominant arms. Therefore the populations used for referential data should be selected carefully. [less ▲]

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See detailPrincipal static wind loads
Blaise, Nicolas ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in 6th Proceedings of European-African Conference on Wind Engineering (2013, July 07)

The concept of static wind load is widely used in practice for structural wind design. In this context, this paper assesses the envelope reconstruction problem stated as follows: find the best set of ... [more ▼]

The concept of static wind load is widely used in practice for structural wind design. In this context, this paper assesses the envelope reconstruction problem stated as follows: find the best set of static loadings that is optimum to reproduce by static analyses, the envelope values of structural responses resulting from a formal buffeting dynamic analysis. A solution was recently derived by means of Principal Static Wind Loads which are well-suited for this problem. The concept is illustrated with a large stadium roof and the accuracy of the envelope reconstruction is analysed. [less ▲]

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See detailUncoupled spectral analysis with non-proportional damping
Canor, Thomas ULg; Blaise, Nicolas ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the European-African Conference on Wind Engineering (2013, July 07)

The use of normal modes of vibration in the analysis of structures with non-proportional damping reduces the number of governing equations, but does not decouple them. A common practice consists in ... [more ▼]

The use of normal modes of vibration in the analysis of structures with non-proportional damping reduces the number of governing equations, but does not decouple them. A common practice consists in decoupling the equations by disregarding the off-diagonal elements of the modal damping matrix. This paper proposes a method based on the asymptotic expansion of the modal transfer matrix to take into account the modal coupling in Gaussian spectral analysis. First, the mathematical background is introduced, then the relevance of the method is illustrated within the context of the analysis of a large and real structure submitted to wind loadings. [less ▲]

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See detailEquivalent static wind loads for structures with non-proportional damping
Blaise, Nicolas ULg; Canor, Thomas ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Recent Advances in Structural dynamics (2013, July)

In current practice, wind structural design is often carried out using the concept of equivalent static wind loads. The main characteristic of such loadings is to reproduce, with static analyses, the same ... [more ▼]

In current practice, wind structural design is often carried out using the concept of equivalent static wind loads. The main characteristic of such loadings is to reproduce, with static analyses, the same extreme structural responses as those resulting from a formal buffeting analysis. This paper proposes a method for the computation of equivalent static wind loads for structures with slight non-proportional damping in a modal framework. Because of the smallness of the out-of diagonal terms, this method is based on recent developments related to asymptotic expansion of the modal transfer matrix of such structures. As a main benefit, the static loading is described as a perturbation of the equivalent loading that would be obtained for the uncoupled system. The main contribution of this paper is to formalize the expression of the correction terms resulting from the non-proportionality of damping. The method is presented with a detailed illustrative example. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation of an accelerometer-based approach to quantify gait events
Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Stamatakis, Julien et al

Poster (2013, June)

Researchers rarely provide solid performance and validation information about their acceleometer-based approaches to human gait analysis. We present here a novel signal processing and analysis algorithm ... [more ▼]

Researchers rarely provide solid performance and validation information about their acceleometer-based approaches to human gait analysis. We present here a novel signal processing and analysis algorithm that automatically extracts four consecutive fundamental events of walking: heel strike (HS), toe strike (TS), heel off (HO), and toe off (TO). In addition, we validate this accelerometer-based technique by comparing these extracted gait events with those obtained by a kinematic 3D analysis system and a force plate, used as gold standards. [less ▲]

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See detailTransient Fokker-Planck-Kolmogorov equation solved with smoothed particle hydrodynamics method
Canor, Thomas ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2013), 94(6), 535553

Probabilistic theories aim at describing the properties of systems subjected to random excitations by means of statistical characteristics such as the probability density function (pdf). The time ... [more ▼]

Probabilistic theories aim at describing the properties of systems subjected to random excitations by means of statistical characteristics such as the probability density function (pdf). The time evolution of the pdf of the response of a randomly excited deterministic system is commonly described with the transient Fokker-Planck-Kolmogorov equation (FPK). The FPK equation is a conservation equation of a hypothetical or abstract fluid, which models the transport of probability. This paper presents a generalized formalism for the resolution of the transient FPK equation using the well-known mesh-free Lagrangian method, Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH). Numerical implementation shows notable advantages of this method in an unbounded state space: (i) the conservation of total probability in the state space is explicitly written, (ii) no artifact is required to manage far- eld boundary conditions , (iii) the positivity of the pdf is ensured and (iv) the extension to higher dimensions is straightforward. Furthermore, thanks to the moving particles, this method is adapted for a large kind of initial conditions, even slightly dispersed distributions. The FPK equation is solved without any a priori knowledge of the stationary distribution; just a precise representation of the initial distribution is required. [less ▲]

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See detailL'apport de l'analyse biomécanique 3-D dans les stratégies préventives à partir de 2 exemples
Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Tubez, François ULg et al

in Julia, M; Croisier, Jean-Louis; Perrey, S (Eds.) et al Prévention des troubles musculo-squelettiques chez le sportif (2013)

De nouveaux outils de mesure permettent de quantifier la cinématique et la dynamique articulaire fonctionnelle des athlètes (systèmes optoélectroniques 3D, plateforme de forces, électromyographie, …). Ces ... [more ▼]

De nouveaux outils de mesure permettent de quantifier la cinématique et la dynamique articulaire fonctionnelle des athlètes (systèmes optoélectroniques 3D, plateforme de forces, électromyographie, …). Ces données sont importantes dans le sens où elles donnent à l’équipe médicale et sportive des informations objectives sur le geste du sportif dans sa pratique réelle. Elles favorisent la compréhension et l’amélioration de la performance ainsi que la prévention lésionnelle et la détection de situations à risque. Dans le cadre d’un suivi longitudinal des sportifs, ces mesures sont intéressantes pour mettre en place des critères objectifs et spécifiques à l’athlète de retour sur le terrain après une blessure. Ce document a pour objectif de présenter les principaux outils disponibles dans les laboratoires de biomécanique et d’illustrer leurs utilisations à travers 2 exemples : l’influence de la raideur de l’épaule sur la mobilité de l’épaule et l’analyse cinématique du service au tennis. [less ▲]

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See detailPrincipal static wind loads
Blaise, Nicolas ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics (2013), 113

In current wind design practice, static wind loads are usually defined to obtain, by simple static analyses, the extreme values of any structural response that would be formally obtained with a strict ... [more ▼]

In current wind design practice, static wind loads are usually defined to obtain, by simple static analyses, the extreme values of any structural response that would be formally obtained with a strict dynamic buffeting analysis. The minimum and maximum values that may reach any response define the envelope. Equivalent static wind loads (ESWLs) allow to recover extreme responses in the envelope. As a first objective, this paper formalizes a general method to determine ESWL, in a nodal basis, by extending the concept of load-response correlation, which is only valid in the background range. The general method, the displacement-response-correlation (DRC) method, covers the background and resonant contributions of the considered response. As a second objective, the paper addresses the problem of building a set of static wind loads that adequately reconstructs the envelopes of responses. The concept of principal static wind loads (PSWL) is introduced to form a reduced basis of representative loads well-suited for envelope reconstruction. Its optimality is demonstrated both analytically and with a detailed illustrative example. [less ▲]

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See detailElements de processus stochastiques
Denoël, Vincent ULg

Learning material (2013)

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See detailDynamic Computation and Design of a World’s Record Death-Ride
Denoël, Vincent ULg; Canor, Thomas ULg; Demanet, Johan

in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering (2013)

A death-ride is a long cable anchored between two dead ends, allowing the crossing of wide valleys. Besides these mobility purposes, it is also operated in rescue operations, or simply for leisure. From a ... [more ▼]

A death-ride is a long cable anchored between two dead ends, allowing the crossing of wide valleys. Besides these mobility purposes, it is also operated in rescue operations, or simply for leisure. From a serviceability viewpoint, a death-ride design should offer a comfortable and/or enjoyable journey to the riders, which is typically expressed in terms of maximum velocity. From a strength viewpoint, a death-ride should be designed in order to safely withstand the cable self-weight, wind forces, the rider’s load and at last but not least, the initial tension in the cable. Actually, the tensioning operation is usually subtle. Indeed, in case of a loose cable, the rider may be stopped in the in-span sagging area. Conversely a too tight cable will generate large stresses but also large outlet velocity at the end of the ride. The design of a death-ride is a tradeoff between all these aspects. The paper presents the dynamic model that was used for the design of a 1.2km long death-ride, with an only 10-mm diameter, a constraint fixed in the very first stages of this project for compatibility reasons, with the existing equipment. This death-ride, built and used in May 2010 in a Grimp competition [1], has a world record of the longest death-ride in urban area. The structural part of the dynamic model is rather common, with a co-rotational description of the cable by means of a chain-like model [2]. An interesting feature, however, concerns the interaction between the rider and the cable. In fact, because the pulley is rolling on the cable, the position of the force acting on the cable, resulting from the ride, depends on the rider’s velocity, which itself depends on the cable inclination. This coupling is solved in a staggered manner, and the details of the algorithm are given in the full paper. In some limiting cases, a comparison with analytical solutions is also provided, where these analytical solutions are available [3]. Experimental validation and observation of the operated death-ride will also be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of Davenport's Background/Resonant decomposition for the estimation of higher response moments
Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the Sixth European-African Conference on Wind Engineering (2013)

The non Gaussian buffeting analysis of a structure subjected to turbulent wind may be advantageously performed with a Volterra approach. Although this concept may be applicable to nonlinear structures ... [more ▼]

The non Gaussian buffeting analysis of a structure subjected to turbulent wind may be advantageously performed with a Volterra approach. Although this concept may be applicable to nonlinear structures, the scope of this paper is limited to structures with a deterministic linear behavior. In this case, the Volterra kernels take a simple explicit expression and the statistical moments of the structural response are simply recovered by a multi-dimensional integration of the corresponding spectra. Because the multi-dimensional spectra of the loading are usually determined numerically, these integrals have to be computed numerically too. The computational burden necessary for the estimation of these integrals turns out to be prohibitive as soon as high order moments are required (beyond and including 4th moment). The numerical conditioning is in fact again worse when the structural damping is low as the Volterra kernels then exhibit very large gradients in the frequency space, which are difficult to capture properly. Because the timescales related to the dynamics of the structure and to the random wind loading are well distinct, a nowadays customary decomposition of the response into Background and Resonant contributions (dating back to A. Davenport's earliest works) provides a very good estimation of the second statistical moment. Recently the concept has been extended to the Background/biResonant decomposition for the estimation of the third statistical moment of the response. This paper presents the extension to the computation of the fourth statistical moment, with the only assumptions of slight damping and low-frequency loading such as those that made Allan Davenport's Background/Resonant (B/R) decomposition fruitful. After some multiple scales considerations, the fourth moment of the response is approximated as the sum of a background component, a tetraresonant component and a mixed background-biresonant component. Mathematical developments will be presented in the full paper along with illustrative examples, while the current 4-page abstract just presents of a flavour of it. [less ▲]

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See detailPatching Asymptotics Solution of a Cable with a Small Bending Stiffness
Denoël, Vincent ULg; Canor, Thomas ULg

in Journal of Structural Engineering (2013), 139

The analysis of a cable with a small bending stiffness is a problem encountered in many engineering applications such as the fatigue assessment of stay cables, the modeling of pipeline laying operation or ... [more ▼]

The analysis of a cable with a small bending stiffness is a problem encountered in many engineering applications such as the fatigue assessment of stay cables, the modeling of pipeline laying operation or the determination of bending stresses in drillpipe assemblies. Because this phenomenon is modeled by a singularly perturbed equation, standard numerical techniques fail to solve these problems efficiently. As an alternative, provided the complexity of the analytical developments does not preclude their application, these problems may be tackled with appealing analytical procedures such as matching asymptotics or multiple scales. Otherwise advanced numerical simulations combining patching asymptotics within a numerical framework are the only possible approach for problems where the governing equations are too complex. Patching asymptotics also features a number of merits such as the possibility of using a boundary layer with a finite extent. Aiming at a better understanding of this latter technique, it is considered here to determine the solution of a cable with a small bending stiffness. Interesting details about patchability conditions and about how to restore higher derivatives continuity are included. The accuracy of the patching asymptotics approach is also compared with that of matched asymptotics. [less ▲]

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See detailTransient Fokker-Planck equation with SPH method : Application in seismic design
Canor, Thomas ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Papadrakakis, M; Papadopoulos, V; Plevris, V (Eds.) Proceedings COMPDYN2013 (2013)

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See detailMerging multi-camera data to reduce motion analysis instrumental errors using Kalman filters
Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering (2013)

In motion capture systems, markers are often seen by multiple cameras. All cameras do not measure the position of the markers with the same reliability because of environmental factors such as the ... [more ▼]

In motion capture systems, markers are often seen by multiple cameras. All cameras do not measure the position of the markers with the same reliability because of environmental factors such as the position of the marker in the field of view or the light intensity received by the cameras. Kalman filters offer a general framework to take the reliability of the various cameras into account and consequently improve the estimation of the marker position. The proposed process can be applied to both passive and active systems. Several reliability models of the cameras are compared for the Codamotion active system, which is considered as a specific illustration. The proposed method significantly reduces the noise in the signal, especially at long range distances. Therefore, it improves the confidence of the positions at the limits of the field of view. [less ▲]

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See detailDominance effect on scapula 3-dimensional posture and kinematics in healthy male and female populations
Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Rigaux, Elise et al

in Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery (2013), (0), -

Background: The contralateral shoulder is often used as a reference when evaluating a pathological shoulder. However literature provides contradictory results regarding the symmetry of the scapular ... [more ▼]

Background: The contralateral shoulder is often used as a reference when evaluating a pathological shoulder. However literature provides contradictory results regarding the symmetry of the scapular pattern in a healthy population. We assume that several factors including the gender and the type of motion may influence the scapula bilateral symmetry. Method: The dominant and non dominant shoulders of two populations of men and women composed of 11 subjects each were evaluated for three distinct motions: flexion in the sagittal plane, abduction in the frontal plane and gleno-humeral internal/external rotation with the arm abducted at 90°. Posture, kinematic and range of motion were studied separately. Results: Asymmetries are observed for motions performed in the frontal and sagittal plane but not for the internal/external rotation with the arm abducted at 90°. Multiplane asymmetries are observed for the male population, whereas asymmetries for the female one are mainly uniplanar. For both men and women, the scapula has a larger upward rotation on the dominant side. For men, a larger posterior tilt is also observed. The asymmetries mainly originate in the scapula kinematic and not in its original posture. Discussion: Even if the asymmetries are not large in terms of amplitude (inferior to 5°), one should be aware of their existence and the influence of the composition of the studied population when using the contralateral shoulder as a reference. [less ▲]

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See detailShoulder injury prevention in sports using 3D motion capture
Schwartz, Cédric ULg; HAZEE, Amandine ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg et al

Poster (2012, December 07)

In sports, where regular and intensive training could progressively lead to traumatic situations, accurate measurement of kinematic parameters can help to predict and anticipate injuries. Overhead ... [more ▼]

In sports, where regular and intensive training could progressively lead to traumatic situations, accurate measurement of kinematic parameters can help to predict and anticipate injuries. Overhead throwing athletes may develop an increased stiffness of the shoulder capsule. The resulting diminution of the gleno-humeral range of motion is usually associated with decreased performance and injury risks. This study illustrates the detection of these situations that put the athlete at risk. [less ▲]

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