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See detail“State-of-problem report prepared for the TC11 meeting held in Valencia on October 2012”
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Hjiaj, Mohammed; Aribert, Jean-Marie et al

Report (2012)

The present document summarises recent studies and developments investigating the behaviour of composite frames, for discussion within TC11 Committee. Also, possible aspects to be investigated in future ... [more ▼]

The present document summarises recent studies and developments investigating the behaviour of composite frames, for discussion within TC11 Committee. Also, possible aspects to be investigated in future are identified. The document is organised as follows: • First, the global frame behaviour is considered in § 2; • Then, the structural members which can be met in a composite structure, i.e. the composite slabs, the composite beams, the composite columns and the composite joints, are considered in separate paragraph from § 3 to § 6; • A specific paragraph is also dedicated to the possible long term effects on composite members (§ 7); • Finally, a conclusion is drawn in § 8, summarising recent improvements in the knowledge about composite frame design and possible further developments. A first draft of this document was presented at the TC11 meeting held in Liège on March 2010. The present document is an updated draft to be discussed at the TC11 meeting held in Valencia on october 2012. Remark: the aspects related to the response of composite structures subjected to seismic or fire actions are not reported here as they are covered by other more “transversal” technical committees of ECCS (TC3 for the fire and TC13 for the seismic action). [less ▲]

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See detailATTEL PROJECT - PERFORMANCE-BASED APPROACHES FOR HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR COLUMNS AND CONNECTIONS UNDER EARTHQUAKE AND FIRE LOADINGS - D3
Zilli, Giuliana; Demofonti, Giuseppe; Ferino, Jan et al

Report (2012)

- D3.1: monotonic and cyclic test data on base-joint specimens; - D3.2: monotonic and cyclic test data on column specimens; - D3.3: monotonic and cyclic test data on beam-to-column joint specimens; - D3.4 ... [more ▼]

- D3.1: monotonic and cyclic test data on base-joint specimens; - D3.2: monotonic and cyclic test data on column specimens; - D3.3: monotonic and cyclic test data on beam-to-column joint specimens; - D3.4: cyclic test results laboratory report. [less ▲]

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See detailHITUBES PROJECT DESIGN AND INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR STRUCTURES FOR EXTREME LOADING CONDITIONS - D3
Rivera, Sergio; Alvarez, Ricardo; Lezcano, Ricardo et al

Report (2012)

D3.1: Mechanical, toughness and corrosion properties for HSS employed in this study. D3.2: Cyclic test data of tubular (cylindrical) members or member assemblies D3.3: Buckling test data of tubular ... [more ▼]

D3.1: Mechanical, toughness and corrosion properties for HSS employed in this study. D3.2: Cyclic test data of tubular (cylindrical) members or member assemblies D3.3: Buckling test data of tubular (cylindrical) members or member assemblies [less ▲]

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See detailHITUBES PROJECT DESIGN AND INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR STRUCTURES FOR EXTREME LOADING CONDITIONS - D1
Johansson, Eva; Fuertes, Nuria; Guvaia, Helena et al

Report (2012)

D1.1: Report on tubular structures of interest subjected to extreme repeated loadings. D1.2: Report on current design procedures for welded/bolted HSS materials, members and connections. D1.3: Report on ... [more ▼]

D1.1: Report on tubular structures of interest subjected to extreme repeated loadings. D1.2: Report on current design procedures for welded/bolted HSS materials, members and connections. D1.3: Report on Bayesian estimations in probabilistic reliability assessment. D1.4: Report on Output-only structural identification techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailHITUBES PROJECT DESIGN AND INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR STRUCTURES FOR EXTREME LOADING CONDITIONS - D8
Bursi, Oreste S.; Kumar, Anil; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg

Report (2012)

D8.1: Evaluation of the results of the SWOT analysis. D8.2: Evaluation of the results of the monitoring activity.

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See detail300e conférence du C.E.R.E.S
Courard, Luc ULg; Dehousse, Nicolas ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg et al

Book published by Centre d'Etudes, de Recherches et d'Essais Scientifiques du Génie Civil (2011)

Cette brochure comprend: le mot du président, un historique du CERES, la liste des bulletins, mémoires et conférences du CERES depuis ses origines jusqu'à ce jour, la liste des présidents, secrétaires et ... [more ▼]

Cette brochure comprend: le mot du président, un historique du CERES, la liste des bulletins, mémoires et conférences du CERES depuis ses origines jusqu'à ce jour, la liste des présidents, secrétaires et trésoriers, un mot de conclusions, ainsi que le programme de la manifestation organisée à l'occasion de la trois centième conférence du CERES. [less ▲]

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See detailFire tests made for the ATTEL RFCS research project
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Dumont, Fabien ULg; Wellens, Eric ULg et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2011)

The ATTEL project (Performance-Based approaches for high strength tubular columns and connections during earthquake and fire loadings) aims at developing performance-based design approaches where the ... [more ▼]

The ATTEL project (Performance-Based approaches for high strength tubular columns and connections during earthquake and fire loadings) aims at developing performance-based design approaches where the capacity design of steel grades up to S690 and S700MC – widely used in seismic engineering to avoid brittle failure and ensure ductile behaviour – will be extended to high strength steel circular hollow section structures to prevent failure and collapse under both earthquake and fire loading. Within this research projects, fire resistance tests have been performed on 4 columns, 4 beam-to-column joints and 3 column bases. The main features and results of these tests are presented here. [less ▲]

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See detailROBUSTNESS OF BUILDING STRUCTURES - Recent developments and adopted strategy
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Coméliau, Ludivine ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Eurosteel 2011 - 6th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures - Proceedings (2011, September)

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under an exceptional event. According to the Eurocodes and ... [more ▼]

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under an exceptional event. According to the Eurocodes and some different other national design codes, the structural integrity of civil engineering structures should be ensured through appropriate measures but, in most cases, no precise practical guidelines on how to achieve this goal are provided. At the University of Liège, the robustness of building frames is investigated following the so-called “alternative load path method”, with the final objective to propose design requirements to mitigate the risk of progressive collapse considering the conventional scenario “loss of a column” further to an unspecified event. In particular, a complete analytical procedure has been developed for the verification of the robustness of steel or composite plane frames. For sake of simplicity, these first works have been based on the assumption that the dynamic effects linked to the column loss were limited and could therefore be neglected. More recently, complementary works have been carried out with the objective to address the dynamic effects. Besides, the extension of the static procedure to actual 3D frames is under investigation in Liège. The present paper gives a global overview of the ongoing researches in the field of robustness at the University of Liège and, in particular, the global strategy aiming at deriving design requirements is detailed. [less ▲]

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See detailRobustness of building frames further to a column loss - Substructure approach with account of dynamic effects
Coméliau, Ludivine ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in EUROSTEEL 2011 - 6th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures - Proceedings (2011, September)

Nowadays, it is a concern to mitigate the risk of progressive collapse of a whole structure further to exceptional events such as explosions, impacts, fire... Different general approaches are proposed in ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, it is a concern to mitigate the risk of progressive collapse of a whole structure further to exceptional events such as explosions, impacts, fire... Different general approaches are proposed in the Eurocodes and some other national design codes to ensure the robustness of structures, although very few practical guidelines are provided. In the present study, the so-called “alternative load path method” is followed and the conventional scenario “loss of a column” is considered. Investigations were conducted at the University of Liège in the last few years regarding the static behaviour of two-dimensional building frames suffering the loss of a column further to an unspecified accidental event. They resulted in the development of simplified analytical methods for the prediction of the structural response assuming a static behaviour. In particular, it was shown that a substructure composed of the double-beam overhanging directly the lost column and its beam-to-column joints is able to reproduce the response of a 2D frame when membrane forces develop in the beams after the formation of the global beam plastic mechanism induced by the column loss. The dynamic behaviour of such a substructure was more recently investigated. As a result, a simplified approach was developed for the prediction of the maximal displacement of the system and subsequently the internal forces developing in the substructure, permitting the definition of ductility and resistance requirements for robustness. In the present paper, the whole analytical procedure is applied to a particular substructure. First, the static response is determined. Then the proposed model is used to predict the dynamic behaviour of the substructure as a function of the load initially supported by the failing column and the duration of its removal. In this paper, analytical approaches developed at the University of Liège are applied to predict the response of the considered substructure and the results are compared to numerical simulations; but the development of these methods and the observed phenomena are not detailed. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-dissipative joints in seismic resistant building frames - Bolted beam-to-column joints
Coméliau, Ludivine ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in EUROSTEEL 2011 - 6th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures - Proceedings (2011, September)

According to Eurocode 8, earthquake resistant steel building frames shall be designed following either the “low dissipative structural behaviour concept” or the “dissipative structural behaviour concept” ... [more ▼]

According to Eurocode 8, earthquake resistant steel building frames shall be designed following either the “low dissipative structural behaviour concept” or the “dissipative structural behaviour concept”. In the second concept, the capability of parts of the structure to resist earthquake actions through inelastic behaviour is taken into account: energy is dissipated in plastic mechanisms. In such a design, it has to be ensured that the dissipative zones form where they are intended to and that they yield before other zones leave the elastic range. In particular, moment resisting frames are designed in such a way that plastic hinges develop at the extremities of the beams. These dissipative zones can be located either in the beams or in the beam-to-column joints. In this paper, non-dissipative bolted beam-to-column connections are considered. They must be sufficiently resistant to remain in elastic range while cyclic yielding develops in the dissipative zones located in the beams. Besides, the possibility that the actual yield strength of the beam is higher than the nominal value has to be taken into account by a material overstrength factor. Such an approach generally leads to very strong and thus expensive joints. In the present paper, a design strategy leading to more economical solutions for full-strength beam-to-column joints is detailed. This study was conducted within the framework of an RFCS project called HSS-SERF (High Strength Steel in Seismic Resistant Building Frames). The considered moment-resisting joints are part of seismic resistant building frames made of high strength steel composite columns and mild carbon steel beams. The columns are either partially-encased wide-flange columns (H columns) or concrete-filled rectangular hollow-section columns (RHS columns). The proposed joint configuration uses hammer-heads extracted from the beam profile. To fulfil the resistance requirement taking account of the possible overstrength of the beam, the resistant moment of the joint is decomposed in the contributions of the different components involved. Then, no overstrength factor needs to be considered for the components related to the beam itself and to the hammer-heads. This approach is in full accordance with the basic principles of Eurocode 8 and can decrease much the required resistance of the joints provided some conditions are fulfilled, meaning lower costs. [less ▲]

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See detailRobustness of steel and composite building structures
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Coméliau, Ludivine ULg

in 7th National conference on steel structures proceedings (2011, September)

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under an exceptional event. According to the Eurocodes and ... [more ▼]

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under an exceptional event. According to the Eurocodes and some different other national design codes, the structural integrity of civil engineering structures should be ensured through appropriate measures but, in most cases, no precise practical guidelines on how to achieve this goal are provided. At Liège University, the robustness of building frames is investigated with the final objective to propose design requirements to mitigate the risk of progressive collapse considering the conventional scenario “loss of a column” further to an unspecified event. In particular, a complete analytical procedure has been developed for the verification of the robustness of steel or composite plane frames. For sake of simplicity, these first works have been based on the assumption that the dynamic effects linked to the column loss were limited and could therefore be neglected. More recently, complementary works have been carried out with the objective to address the dynamic effects. Besides, the extension of the static procedure to actual 3D frames is under investigation in Liège. The present paper gives a global overview of the ongoing researches in the field of robustness at Liège University and, in particular, the global strategy aiming at deriving design requirements is detailed. [less ▲]

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See detailCONNECTIONS WITH FOUR BOLTS PER HORIZONTAL ROW - Application of Eurocode 3
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Weynand, Klaus et al

in Eurosteel 2011 - 6th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures - Proceedings (2011, September)

Eurocode 3 Part 1-8 provides detailed application rules for the design of bolted end-plate connections. Although these rules apply to connections with any number of vertical bolt rows, most of them are ... [more ▼]

Eurocode 3 Part 1-8 provides detailed application rules for the design of bolted end-plate connections. Although these rules apply to connections with any number of vertical bolt rows, most of them are limited to configurations with two bolts only in each horizontal row, i.e. one bolt on each side of the beam or column web. However, it is sometimes more economic to place four bolts in one row, for instance when wide flange H-sections are used. This configuration is commonly met in different countries in Europe and, in particular, in Germany where this configuration is even standardized. The theoretical model on which the Eurocode 3 application rules are founded is general and can be potentially applied to connections with four bolts per horizontal row. However, specific design rules are not given in Eurocode 3 and need to be developed. Within the present article, easy-to-apply analytical design rules aimed at predicting the mechanical properties of connections with four bolts per row, being in full agreement with the Eurocode 3 approach, are presented. In particular, comparisons to less recent analytical procedures are given. [less ▲]

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See detailRobustness of building structures - recent developments and adopted strategy
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Coméliau, Ludivine ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Steel Construction (2011), 4/2011

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under an exceptional event. According to the Eurocodes and ... [more ▼]

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under an exceptional event. According to the Eurocodes and some different other national design codes, the structural integrity of civil engineering structures should be ensured through appropriate measures but, in most cases, no precise practical guidelines on how to achieve this goal are provided. At the University of Liège, the robustness of building frames is investigated following the so-called “alternative load path method”, with the final objective to propose design requirements to mitigate the risk of progressive collapse considering the conventional scenario “loss of a column” further to an unspecified event. In particular, a complete analytical procedure has been developed for the verification of the robustness of steel or composite plane frames. For sake of simplicity, these first works have been based on the assumption that the dynamic effects linked to the column loss were limited and could therefore be neglected. More recently, complementary works have been carried out with the objective to address the dynamic effects. Besides, the extension of the static procedure to actual 3D frames is under investigation in Liège. The present paper gives a global overview of the ongoing researches in the field of robustness at the University of Liège and, in particular, the global strategy aiming at deriving design requirements is detailed. [less ▲]

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See detailField of application of high strength steel circular tubes for steel and composite columns from an economic point of view
Hoang, Van Long ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Ly Dong Phuong, Lam et al

in Journal of Constructional Steel Research (2011), 67(6), 1001-1021

This paper presents the results of a global comparison between high strength steel and normal steel circular tube used to build steel and composite columns submitted to static loading, in regards with the ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the results of a global comparison between high strength steel and normal steel circular tube used to build steel and composite columns submitted to static loading, in regards with the economic aspects. The comparison is based on an optimum design taking into account the strength, stability and stiffness conditions of Eurocode 3 and 4. The automatic implementation of the algorithms allows achieving a high amount of case studies, covering the realistic possibilities of build columns. The investigations are realized on simple columns, columns included in braced or un-braced frames and whole frames. The field of application of high strength steel (vs normal steel), regarding the total cost of the member, is provided in a chart clearly indicating where the use of high strength steel becomes economic. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of high strength steel tubular columns in structures: economic study
Hoang, Van Long ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Rossi, Barbara ULg

in Progress in steel and composite structures : ICMS2011, Wroclaw 15-17 June 2011 (2011, June)

In many structures, the use of high strength steel (HSS), i.e. with an elastic strength higher than 460MPa, offers an economical benefit in comparison with normal steel (NS). The reason relies mainly on ... [more ▼]

In many structures, the use of high strength steel (HSS), i.e. with an elastic strength higher than 460MPa, offers an economical benefit in comparison with normal steel (NS). The reason relies mainly on the fact that the cost increases slower than the strength. Moreover, structures using HSS are usually lighter than the ones made of NS leading to a reduction of the costs related to the transportation, fabrication and painting. However, as the stiffness of HSS structures is smaller than the one of NS structures, the second-order effects and, consequently, the serviceability requirements considerably limit the advantages of the use of HSS. The interrelation between the advantages and the drawbacks of HSS leads to the complicate question of knowing whether there is an economic interest of using HSS instead of NS for structural members. This question has not yet been adequately considered in the literature. The present work aims at investigating building frames with steel and/or composite columns (made of circular steel tubes) with the objective of defining the domains where the use of HSS is economically interesting. Two topics will be addressed: (1) to provide a general view of the economic benefit of the use of HSS; (2) to establish the basis for choosing the material (HSS or NS) for framed structures at the pre-design stage. [less ▲]

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See detailRobustness of steel structures - Exercise: Application of different robustness approaches to a frame building structure
Coméliau, Ludivine ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

Learning material (2011)

The aim of this exercise is to investigate different ways of ensuring the robustness of a frame building structure considering a vehicle impact on a column of the ground floor. The building is located at ... [more ▼]

The aim of this exercise is to investigate different ways of ensuring the robustness of a frame building structure considering a vehicle impact on a column of the ground floor. The building is located at a corner of two roadways and thus the perimeter columns adjacent to these roads are likely to be impacted by a car or a lorry. Besides, the ground floor is a parking area (accessible to cars only) so that any internal column could also be damaged. The different approaches proposed in the Eurocodes will be applied and discussed. These methods consist for example in increasing the column resistance in such a way they can resist the impact or designing the structure so that it remains globally stable despite the loss of the damaged column. However, in such a case, a static removal of the column will be assumed (for sake of simplicity, no dynamic effect due to the failure of the column will be taken into account in this exercise). [less ▲]

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See detailRobustness of steel structures - Exercise SOLUTION: Application of different robustness approaches to a frame building structure
Coméliau, Ludivine ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

Learning material (2011)

The aim of this exercise is to investigate different ways of ensuring the robustness of a frame building structure considering a vehicle impact on a column of the ground floor. The building is located at ... [more ▼]

The aim of this exercise is to investigate different ways of ensuring the robustness of a frame building structure considering a vehicle impact on a column of the ground floor. The building is located at a corner of two roadways and thus the perimeter columns adjacent to these roads are likely to be impacted by a car or a lorry. Besides, the ground floor is a parking area (accessible to cars only) so that any internal column could also be damaged. The different approaches proposed in the Eurocodes will be applied and discussed. These methods consist for example in increasing the column resistance in such a way they can resist the impact or designing the structure so that it remains globally stable despite the loss of the damaged column. However, in such a case, a static removal of the column will be assumed (for sake of simplicity, no dynamic effect due to the failure of the column will be taken into account in this exercise). [less ▲]

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See detailRobustness of steel structures - Homework: Application of different robustness approaches to a frame building structure
Coméliau, Ludivine ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

Learning material (2011)

The aim of this exercise is to investigate different ways of ensuring the robustness of a frame building structure considering a vehicle impact on a column of the ground floor. The building is located at ... [more ▼]

The aim of this exercise is to investigate different ways of ensuring the robustness of a frame building structure considering a vehicle impact on a column of the ground floor. The building is located at a corner of two roadways and thus the perimeter columns adjacent to these roads are likely to be impacted by a car or a lorry. Besides, the ground floor is a parking area (accessible to cars only) so that any internal column could also be damaged. The different approaches proposed in the Eurocodes will be applied and discussed. These methods consist for example in increasing the column resistance in such a way they can resist the impact or designing the structure so that it remains globally stable despite the loss of the damaged column. However, in such a case, a static removal of the column will be assumed (for sake of simplicity, no dynamic effect due to the failure of the column will be taken into account in this exercise). [less ▲]

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See detailRobustness of steel and composite building structures
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Coméliau, Ludivine ULg

in 7th National conference on steel structures (2011)

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under an exceptional event. According to the Eurocodes and ... [more ▼]

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under an exceptional event. According to the Eurocodes and some different other national design codes, the structural integrity of civil engineering structures should be ensured through appropriate measures but, in most cases, no precise practical guidelines on how to achieve this goal are provided. At Liège University, the robustness of building frames is investigated with the final objective to propose design requirements to mitigate the risk of progressive collapse considering the conventional scenario “loss of a column” further to an unspecified event. In particular, a complete analytical procedure has been developed for the verification of the robustness of steel or composite plane frames. For sake of simplicity, these first works have been based on the assumption that the dynamic effects linked to the column loss were limited and could therefore be neglected. More recently, complementary works have been carried out with the objective to address the dynamic effects. Besides, the extension of the static procedure to actual 3D frames is under investigation in Liège. The present paper gives a global overview of the ongoing researches in the field of robustness at Liège University and, in particular, the global strategy aiming at deriving design requirements is detailed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (8 ULg)