References of "Delvenne, Pierre"
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See detailA Science and Technology Studies Approach of (Nuclear) Technology Assessment
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (2012, February 21)

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See detailCiência, Técnica e Sociedade
Cupani, Alberto; Guivant, Julia; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Book published by UFSC/Política & Sociedade (2012)

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See detailBeyond the ‘‘Charmed Circle’’ of OECD: New Directions for Studies of National Innovation Systems
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Thoreau, François ULg

in Minerva : A Review of Science, Learning & Policy (2012), 50(2), 205-219

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See detailRapport de recherche (PACITA, task2.1 documenting Technology Assessment in Europe) : Parliamentary Technology Assessment in Flanders - IST case study
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Evers, Johan; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg

Report (2011)

This article gives an overview of the historical institutionalization of the Flemish parliamentary Technology Assessment organization viWTA/IST, its niche in the Flemish innovation landscape, its daily ... [more ▼]

This article gives an overview of the historical institutionalization of the Flemish parliamentary Technology Assessment organization viWTA/IST, its niche in the Flemish innovation landscape, its daily practices and its future challenges. This text has been drafted on the basis of interviews with staff members (‘insiders’) of the institute, with some key stakeholders who have been in contact with viWTA/IST over the years (‘outsiders’) and through desk research and feedback discussions between both PACITA partners. [less ▲]

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See detailPolitics of biotechnology in Latin America: the RR soybean Argentina case study
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2011, November 08)

The presentation is based on Argentina and it focuses on biotechnology in agriculture. Argentina today is the second largest exportator of GM crops and it has been the first country in Latin America to ... [more ▼]

The presentation is based on Argentina and it focuses on biotechnology in agriculture. Argentina today is the second largest exportator of GM crops and it has been the first country in Latin America to establish a professional regulatory framework in the early 1990s. Round Up Ready (RR) soybean crops is specifically analysed because of its importance — more than 60% of the cultivated areas — and its controversial aspect : it is presented at the same time as an elixir for agro-industrial ills and as a techno-economic network increasing the benefits of the global North while dramatically affecting public health and the environment. We suggest to diagnose developments and perceptions of issues related to health, economy, ecological diversity, fertility of soils, regulation and intellectual property. Our methodology favours qualitative data collection and analysis, while using quantitative data when available and relevant. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolving trends in Latin American politics of biotechnologies: delving into the “GM soya model” in Argentina
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Vara, Ana Maria; Vasen, Federico

Conference (2011, November 02)

Our interest is to understand the challenges to modern science and innovation regimes under conditions of globalization and “multiple modernities” (Eisenstadt 2000). Different scholarly attention has been ... [more ▼]

Our interest is to understand the challenges to modern science and innovation regimes under conditions of globalization and “multiple modernities” (Eisenstadt 2000). Different scholarly attention has been paid to existing institutions that may no longer be adequate to address those challenges. This may be because modern institutions are pressured for a greater reflexive opening up of their structures (Beck and Lau 2005) or because the modern world-system is facing severe turbulences that would ultimately lead to a time of structural dissolution (Wallerstein 2005). This renders it interesting to trace the responses to these challenges, and we suggest doing it in the field of STS. Our ongoing multi-level comparative research takes Latin American countries as an entrance point to finding responses that are different from those occurring in European countries. Our presentation is based on Argentina and it focuses on biotechnology in agriculture. Argentina today is the second largest exporter of GM crops and it has been the first country in Latin America to establish a professional regulatory framework in the early 1990s. GM soya crop is specifically analysed because of its importance — more than 60% of the cultivated areas — and its controversial aspect : it is presented at the same time as an elixir for agro-industrial ills and as a techno-economic network increasing the benefits of the global North while dramatically affecting public health and the environment. We suggest diagnosing developments and perceptions of issues related to health, economy, ecological diversity, fertility of soils, regulation and intellectual property. [less ▲]

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See detailScience, technologie et innovation sur le chemin de la réflexivité. Enjeux et dynamiques du Technology Assessment parlementaire
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Book published by Academia L'Harmattan (2011)

L’auteur entreprend une analyse comparative, des années 1970 à nos jours, de plusieurs offices de « Technology Assessment (TA) parlementaire ». Ces institutions se chargent d’anticiper et d’évaluer quels ... [more ▼]

L’auteur entreprend une analyse comparative, des années 1970 à nos jours, de plusieurs offices de « Technology Assessment (TA) parlementaire ». Ces institutions se chargent d’anticiper et d’évaluer quels pourraient être les effets de la science, la technologie et l’innovation sur la société et leur traduction dans les processus décisionnels. L’ouvrage adopte une approche originale qui consiste à étudier les institutions de science, technologie et innovation comme des indicateurs pertinents d’un processus de transformation réflexive des structures centrales de la modernité. En suivant les chemins de développement des offices de Technology Assessment, Pierre Delvenne montre la complexité et la nature parfois contestée de l’évolution de la trajectoire de la modernité. A l’aide de neuf études de cas abondamment documentées, ce livre démontre que le chemin de la réflexivité reste toutefois difficile à emprunter pour les offices de TA. Même si ceux-ci ont dû, dès le début, franchir des frontières entre science, technologie et société, ils continuent à évoluer dans un paysage d’institutions modernistes et à affronter par ailleurs les obstacles inhérents à la nature du régime de science et d’innovation. Soucieux également des raisons qui empêchent l’émergence d’un TA dans un régime d’innovation, l’auteur prend l’exemple de la Wallonie — qui aujourd’hui ne comporte pas de TA institutionnalisé — et met en évidence l’importance pour les élites politiques de se doter d’outils pour penser la science et la technologie en société. [less ▲]

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See detailLe principe de précaution et les complexes idéologiques : incertitudes, décisions et biotechnologies
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

in Matière & l'Esprit (La) (2011), 21-22-23

Dans de nombreux cercles européens, le principe de précaution est interprété comme un outil stratégique, une réponse politique à l’émergence d’un flux nouveau d’incertitude sociétale, dirigé ... [more ▼]

Dans de nombreux cercles européens, le principe de précaution est interprété comme un outil stratégique, une réponse politique à l’émergence d’un flux nouveau d’incertitude sociétale, dirigé principalement vers les hésitations du monde scientifique (Noiville, 2003 ; Kourilsky et Viney, 2000 ; Brunet et al., 2007, 2011). Néanmoins, le principe de précaution n’a pas que des partisans. Dès le départ, il a fait l’objet de vives critiques qui se sont amplifiées suite au moratoire imposé par les autorités européennes sur les organismes génétiquement modifiés (OGM) et aux effets qu’il a induit sur le commerce international. Dans des cercles académiques, également en Europe, des critiques se sont récemment élevées et elles ont considéré que le principe de précaution n’était « qu’une conjuration orientée, partielle de l’incertitude » (Kervasdoué, 2011, p.226) et qu’il avait « des conséquences et des coûts matériels et humains exhorbitants » (Bronner et Gehin, 2010, p.6). Bronner et Gehin déclarent n’être « pas opposés au principe de précaution, qui bien souvent est l’expression de la sagesse même » mais qui mettent en garde contre le danger du précautionnisme, « la face obscure et malfaisante du principe de précaution […] qui est le fait idéologique majeur de ce début de millénaire » (p.6). Bien qu’ils démontrent de manière convaincante pourquoi il faut se méfier du précautionnisme, ils ne donnent aucune indication pour permettre au principe de précaution de constituer une règle d’action politique qui remplisse les exigences pour lesquelles il a été créé sans glisser sur un terrain idéologique. La présente contribution vise à expliquer l’émergence du principe de précaution en le mettant en perspective dans une société du risque (Beck, 2001). Bien que les questions scientifiques sur lesquelles portent le principe de précaution soient le plus souvent des défis globaux, nous plaidons pour que son application soit analysée non pas de manière générale mais en fonction d’éléments variables liés à des cultures politiques particulières (Jasanoff, 2005). Nous illustrons notre propos en traitant des biotechnologies et de l’argument de la précaution tel qu’il a pu exister aux Etats-Unis, en Europe et en Amérique latine. Dans un second temps, nous nous basons sur une étude de cas sur le soja génétiquement modifié en Argentine pour explorer et confirmer le diagnostic de Bronner et Gehin sur l’intrumentalisation idéologique de la précaution : il semble effectivement que dans certains cas le précautionnisme flirte avec le conspirationnisme ou le néo-populisme. Pour les opposants au principe de précaution, cela pourrait signifier que le principe manque de légitimité politique et devrait se limiter à être un vecteur structurant la démarche scientifique. De notre point de vue, l’échec du moratoire sur les OGM à la conférence d’Asilomar puis l’émergence d’une science stratégique globale nous conduisent à penser qu’il ne faut pas en finir avec le principe de précaution. Malgré ses imperfections, le principe de précaution permet aux décideurs d’appeler à des compléments d’expertise, d’évaluer des alternatives et de mettre clairement en évidence les choix politiques entre différents mondes possibles qui sont faits en situation d’incertitude scientifique. Nous concluons qu’il est impossible d’évacuer l’idéologie de la science ou la politique, mais il est possible de mettre davantage en relief le caractère ouvert, indéterminé et culturellement ancré des décisions politiques en situation d’incertitude. [less ▲]

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See detailRapport de recherche (PACITA, Task 4.1 Expanding the TA landscape): Wallonia - First preliminary description of TA opportunity structures
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg

Report (2011)

An exploration of opportunity structures for Technology Assessment in Wallonia in order to learn about the respective debate and policy making structures concerning S&T and about possibilities to promote ... [more ▼]

An exploration of opportunity structures for Technology Assessment in Wallonia in order to learn about the respective debate and policy making structures concerning S&T and about possibilities to promote the concept of TA and build up TA related infrastructures. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Tell-Tale Heart of Political Science: Literal vs. Metaphorical Use of Narrative in Analysing Power Relations
Claisse, Frédéric ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2011, August 25)

Judging by their current uses in policy analysis, the merits of notions such as ‘policy narrative’ and ‘meta-narrative’ seem to reside more in their evocative or suggestive character than in any capacity ... [more ▼]

Judging by their current uses in policy analysis, the merits of notions such as ‘policy narrative’ and ‘meta-narrative’ seem to reside more in their evocative or suggestive character than in any capacity to “tell a story”. Narratives constructed by political scientists mostly have a representational content that bears little similarity with what narratology as a discipline studies. Breaking up with this metaphorical use, we propose to take the storytelling dimension of policy narrative more seriously, ie. more literally. Though narratives proved useful in understanding the articulation of discursive patterns and power struggles in policy processes, we think it paradoxically failed to provide a consistent analysis of what is at stake when agents and institutions get “entangled in stories” (to take the expression of German phenomenologist Wilhelm Schapp). What would happen to policy narratives if, according to the strictly technical, narratological sense of the word, we suddenly turned actors and agents into “characters”, who get transformed through a series of trials and tests? Similarly, if we restored the notion of perspective (what narratologists call ‘focalization’), what would be the consequence for the policy analyst to be envisaged as a narrator? [less ▲]

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See detailEvolving trends in Latin American regimes of science, technology and innovation: the politics of the “GM soya model” in Argentina
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2011, June 16)

Our interest is to understand the challenges to modern (national) science and innovation regimes under conditions of globalization and “multiple modernities” (Eisenstadt 2000). Different scholarly ... [more ▼]

Our interest is to understand the challenges to modern (national) science and innovation regimes under conditions of globalization and “multiple modernities” (Eisenstadt 2000). Different scholarly attention has been paid to existing institutions that may no longer be adequate to address those challenges. This may be because modern institutions are pressured for a greater reflexive opening up of their structures (Beck and Lau 2005) or because the modern world-system is facing severe turbulences that would ultimately lead to a time of structural dissolution (Wallerstein 2005). This renders interesting to trace the responses to these challenges, and we suggest to do it in the field of science, technology and society, one where we can make a contribution. Unlike many studies mainly focusing on European models and regimes, our ongoing multi-level comparative research takes Latin American countries as an entrance point to finding responses that are different from those occuring in European countries. Latin American countries are interesting to study in this respect because institutions of science and technology have not been set up in the same way as in Europe and the governance patterns have been different. Our presentation is based on one country, Argentina, and focuses on one important sector: biotechnology in agriculture. Argentina is taken as a central case study because in addition of being today the second largest exportator of GM crops (behind the US and before Brasil), it has been the first country in Latin America to establish a professional regulatory framework in the early 1990s, looking at ecological, health and commercial aspects. GM soya crops is specifically analysed because of its importance — GM soya represents 60% of the cultivated areas — and its controversial aspect : the « GM soya model » is presented at the same time as an elixir for agro-industrial ills and as a techno-economic network increasing the benefits of the global North while dramatically affecting public health and the environment in Argentina. We suggest to diagnose developments and perceptions of issues related to health, economy, ecological diversity, fertility of soils, regulation and intellectual property. Our methodology favours qualitative data collection (individual interviews with key actors of science and innovation) and analysis, while using quantitative data when available and relevant. [less ▲]

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See detailParliamentary Technology Assessment as Indications of Reflexive Modernization
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Fallon, Catherine ULg; Brunet, Sébastien ULg

in Technology in Society (2011), 33(1-2), 36-43

This article links the theory of reflexive modernization to Parliamentary Technology Assessment (PTA) by considering the latter as an indication of modern Western societies becoming more reflexive, that is ... [more ▼]

This article links the theory of reflexive modernization to Parliamentary Technology Assessment (PTA) by considering the latter as an indication of modern Western societies becoming more reflexive, that is, acknowledging and responding to the limitations of modern traditions by institutionalizing new processes of technology assessment to address a realm of change where uncertainty is no longer contained within modern structures. Our conceptual framework must address both the emergence and functioning of PTA in the form of institutions and the practices that are pursued within (or around, and linked to) such institutions, with due attention being paid to the multiple approaches currently being debated around the transformation of modernity and reflexivity. Reflexive modernization offers a relevant theoretical approach to analyzing hybrid entities like PTA institutions. We demonstrate this by analyzing three such institutions (Science and Technology Options Assessment [STOA, European Parliament], Institute for Society and Technology [IST, Flan- ders, Belgium] and Rathenau Institute [The Netherlands]), mapping their different approaches and practices in terms of features of reflexive modernization. There appears to be an overall reflexivity pathway, on which some PTAs have moved farther than others, but their progress is fractured by the resilience of modern institutions. We conclude that to ensure their role in the current institutional landscapes of evolving modern societies, the most important thing for PTA institutions is therefore to somehow develop a relevant approach while dealing with the necessary margin of maneuver for further adaptation and transformation. [less ▲]

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See detailModernités multiples et critique sociale des technologies en Europe et en Amérique latine
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Martin ULg; Hupet, Pierre et al

in Cahiers de Sciences Politiques de l'ULg (2011), 19

Aujourd’hui encore, les liens entre les idéologies du progrès et les développements technologiques restent souvent très forts et non remis en cause. Toutefois, au même moment, nous observons également une ... [more ▼]

Aujourd’hui encore, les liens entre les idéologies du progrès et les développements technologiques restent souvent très forts et non remis en cause. Toutefois, au même moment, nous observons également une critique sociale de plus en plus virulente des conséquences liées à ces développements. Cet article, écrit par quatre chercheurs d’Europe et d’Amérique latine, traite de la manière dont sont appréhendées et critiquées les problématiques liées à la science et la technologie en Europe dans le cadre des offices de “Technology Assessment” (TA). En s’appuyant sur une connaissance poussée des pratiques européennes, les auteurs considèrent que même si les pratiques de TA se sont avérées efficaces dans le contexte européen, leur diversité indique qu’un tel outil ne pourrait être transféré comme tel dans un autre contexte politique, culturel et institutionnel extérieur à l’Europe. S’appuyant sur le concept de modernités multiples, ils étendent leurs réflexions à l’Amérique latine, où des avancées significatives existent dans les régimes de science et d’innovation. Leurs conclusions soulignent l’importance de construire une capacité de TA adaptées aux besoins locaux, à travers un processus itératif de co-construction entre les praticiens et de nombreux stakeholders, en ce compris les citoyens. [less ▲]

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See detailPrincípio da precaução como uma ferramenta estratégica para redesenhar a (sub)política: compreensão e perspectivas da ciência política de língua Francesa
Brunet, Sébastien ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Joris, Geoffrey ULg

in Sociologias (2011), 13(26), 176-200

The precautionary principle falls under a decisional context in evolution, marked by a multidimensional uncertainty as for environmental, economic, social, political or ethical consequences of the ... [more ▼]

The precautionary principle falls under a decisional context in evolution, marked by a multidimensional uncertainty as for environmental, economic, social, political or ethical consequences of the technological innovations. In French-speaking political science, it is understood as a strategic tool, a political response to the emergence of a new flow of societal uncertainty, mainly directed towards the hesitations of the scientific world. We argue that the precautionary principle redefines the way to manage scientific uncertainty in a society characterized by the blurring of the borders between political and subpolitical actors. Around its application, a line of fracture is drawn, which reduces the decisional breathing space of certain subpolitical entities and/or encourages others to act more. However, we stress that in a world ever more globalised and interconnected, the application of the precautionary principle only has temporary and local effects. Nevertheless, it may contribute to important debates that need to be taken up further in institutional spaces for reflexive anticipatory action and decision-making support [less ▲]

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See detailLa modernizacion reflexiva en accion : autoterapia de un politologo europeo
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2010, November 30)

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See detailParliamentary Technology Assessment Institutions Challenged by Reflexive Modernization in Action
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2010, August 24)

The emergence and evolutions of Parliamentary Technology Assessment offices (PTAs) are an indication of our Western modernity becoming more reflexive. This perspective sheds light on recent evolution of ... [more ▼]

The emergence and evolutions of Parliamentary Technology Assessment offices (PTAs) are an indication of our Western modernity becoming more reflexive. This perspective sheds light on recent evolution of PTAs, but also contributes to the discussion of reflexive modernization generally. Ulrich Beck’s diagnosis of reflexive modernization, undermining high modernity since the 1980s, has been widely discussed, but there have been few attempts to map and analyse these complex processes empirically in order to show reflexive modernization in action (Delvenne and Rip 2009). From that perspective, reflexive modernization is seen as a challenge for the institutions of modernity. PTAs are recent institutions that had to span boundaries from the beginning, and might thus have more incentives to follow reflexive modernization while at the same time their progression will be bounded by strong modernist institutional patterns or elements of political culture. We offer case studies of European PTAs based on literature research, participatory observation, official document analysis and qualitative data collection (through semi-structured interviews with academics and TA practitioners). We are particularly interested in how much reflexivity is visible in their institutional path. After formulating two main dimensions of reflexive modernization, openness to plurality and blurring of boundaries, we map the paths of these institutions over time along these two dimensions. There appears to be an overall reflexivity pathway, on which some PTAs have moved farther than others, but their progress is fractured by the resilience of modern institutions. This is due to various institutional factors ¬— like the link with a Parliament — and external factors — like the dynamics of institutionalisation, the cultural meanings and traditions, the historical processes or the structure and the state of the innovation regime — all of which affect the way institutionalised TA embraces a more or less reflexive approach. The identification of an overall reflexivity pathway allows us to highlight new trends in (parliamentary) Technology Assessment as not just interesting ad-hoc novel approaches, but as indications of a new and broader generation of TA. [less ▲]

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See detailReflexive modernization in action: the institutional pathway of parliamentary Technology Assessment
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2010, July 13)

Ulrich Beck’s diagnosis of reflexive modernization, undermining high modernity since the 1980s, has been widely discussed, there have been few attempts to map and analyse these complex processes ... [more ▼]

Ulrich Beck’s diagnosis of reflexive modernization, undermining high modernity since the 1980s, has been widely discussed, there have been few attempts to map and analyse these complex processes empirically in order to show reflexive modernization in action. Being based on literature research, participatory observation, official document analysis and qualitative data collection (through interviews), we claim that the emergence and developement of Parliamentary Technology Assessment offices (PTAs), to address science and technology (S&T) issues and to provide intelligence on technological innovations, embody a relevant indication of our Western modernity becoming more reflexive. We offer case studies of PTAs and we are particularly interested in how much reflexivity is visible. After formulating two main dimensions of reflexive modernization, openness to plurality and blurring of boundaries, we map the paths of these institutions over time along these two dimensions. There appears to be a reflexivity pathway, on which some PTAs have moved farther than others. This is due to various institutional and external factors like the socio-technical landscape, the power of lobbies, the cultural meanings and traditions, the historical processes or the structure and the state of the innovation regime that can affect the way institutionalised TA may embrace a more or less reflexive approach. More broadly speaking, we will consider that S&T are linked to issues that have global (but unequal) effects, while they are addressed by different local and institutional settings. Our concluding remarks will rely on Eisenstadt’s concept of multiple modernities to test our research’s validity in non European contexts, especially Latin America. [less ▲]

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See detailDemocratic Accountability in Governance of Science and Technology: on Reflexivity in European Parliamentary Technology Assessment Offices
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2010, June 22)

Nowadays more than ever, dealing with risky scientific and technological issues requires careful attention and sustained policy-making support. In Western Europe, since the 1980s onwards, science and ... [more ▼]

Nowadays more than ever, dealing with risky scientific and technological issues requires careful attention and sustained policy-making support. In Western Europe, since the 1980s onwards, science and technology (S&T) issues are addressed in the institutional arena of Parliamentary Technology Assessment (PTA) offices. The main function of those PTAs is to increase the democratic accountability of S&T governance by providing the policy-makers and some stakeholders with intelligence on technological innovations and/or by enhancing social debate. Being based on literature research, participatory observation, official document analysis and qualitative data collection (through semi-structured interviews with academics and TA practitioners), we claim that the emergence and development of Parliamentary Technology Assessment offices (PTAs), leading/supposed to lead to an increased democratic accountability, embody a relevant indication of S&T governance becoming more reflexive. We offer case studies of several European PTAs and we are particularly interested in how much reflexivity is visible. After formulating two main dimensions of (reflexive) governance of S&T, openness to plurality and blurring of boundaries, we map the paths of these institutions over time along these two dimensions. Then, we argue than there appears to be a reflexivity pathway, on which some PTAs have moved farther than others. The empirical evidence for such a pathway to exist reveals the multiple features of democratic accountability fostered by one PTA setting or another, which may range from a managerial outcome (decision-makers are accountable) to a public outcome (citizens are accountable) and a professional outcome (scientists are accountable). [less ▲]

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