References of "Delvenne, Pierre"
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See detailThe co-production of genetically modified soy and Argentina
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (2013, December 05)

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See detailFlanders Ahead... Wallonia Behind (But Catching Up). The Identity Politics of Science, Technology, and Innovation in Belgium
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg et al

Conference (2013, October 18)

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are ... [more ▼]

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are received in one Flemish and one Francophone quality newspaper, this paper illustrates how Flanders and Wallonia both seek to become top-performing knowledge-based economies (KBEs). The paper discerns a number of discursive repertoires, such as “Catching up,” which policy actors draw on to legitimize or question the transformation of Flanders and Wallonia into KBEs. The “Catching up” repertoire places Flanders resolutely ahead of Wallonia in the global race towards knowledge, excellence, and growth, but suggests that Wallonia may, in due course, overtake Flanders as a top competitive region. Given the expectations and/or fears that “Catching up” evokes among Flemish and Walloon policy actors, the repertoire serves these actors as a flexible discursive resource to make sense of, and shape, their collective futures, and thus their identities. The primary aim of the paper is to underline the simultaneity of, and the interplay between, globalizing forces and particularizing tendencies, as Flanders and Wallonia develop with a global KBE in nation- or region-specific ways. [less ▲]

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See detailTechnology Assessment and neoliberal policies as dancing partners : critical insights in the new spirit of Technology Assessment
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2013, October 11)

In this paper we explore the tension surrounding two interrelated sets of science, technology and innovation (STI) policies that evolved together in Europe since the 1980s onward. On the one hand, we ... [more ▼]

In this paper we explore the tension surrounding two interrelated sets of science, technology and innovation (STI) policies that evolved together in Europe since the 1980s onward. On the one hand, we focus on the expanding process of neoliberal policies unconditionally supporting STI as strategic resources to generate growth and competitiveness. On the other hand, we link this process with policy decisions to institutionalize Technology Assessment processes and activities to frame and anticipate the potential side effects of STI in newly emerging strategic science regimes. TA and neoliberal STI policies coevolved as “dancing partners” (Rip 1992), relatively independent and closely interacting at the same time. We inquire into the experimental, transforming character of Technology Assessment (TA) by linking its emergence and development to the broader institutional setting of which it is a part. Our analysis brings a macro-sociological and political sensitivity to bear on TA. Rather than conceiving of TA as a mere management tool or governance technique, we suggest that TA processes enact, as well as counteract, dominant innovation policies. Conversely, we look at recent TA de-institutionalization processes in Flanders and Denmark to offer some reflections on the future of TA. Based on our previous researches and on participatory observation in a European FP7 project aimed at expanding TA institutions in Europe, we question TA’s ability to exert its critical capacities if it is to survive only as an instrument aligned with recent policy discourses, such as responsible research and innovation, that emerged in the aftermath of Lisbon’s strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailLe voyage politique du Technology Assessment
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (2013, October 05)

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See detailLe long chemin de la Wallonie
Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

in PACITA: Un regard européen sur TA-SWISS (2013)

La Région wallonne en Belgique s'efforce depuis des années de mettre en place une institution d'évaluation des choix technologiques. Son élan est ralenti, non pas par des doutes quant à l'utilité d ... [more ▼]

La Région wallonne en Belgique s'efforce depuis des années de mettre en place une institution d'évaluation des choix technologiques. Son élan est ralenti, non pas par des doutes quant à l'utilité d'une telle institution, mais par les réalités politiques régionales. [less ▲]

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See detailBiotechnology, Controversy, and Policy: Challenges of the Bioeconomy in Latin America
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Book published by Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science (2013)

This special issue explores cases from Latin American countries, studied in comparison to global trends in the arenas of public participation, scientific knowledge production, regulation and governance ... [more ▼]

This special issue explores cases from Latin American countries, studied in comparison to global trends in the arenas of public participation, scientific knowledge production, regulation and governance. The authors demonstrate the complexity of these cases, both in terms of regional differences and the different spaces of public, policy, and scientific knowledge production into which such innovations are inserted. The articles are based on rich empirical data collected in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Paraguay. Authors show that the top-down circulation of policy narratives on biotechnology is challenged, complemented and even partly undermined by local bottom-up dynamics. Conversely, articles also focus on those grassroots dynamics and the ways they are influenced and conditioned by macro-sociological and political economic factors. Lastly, a great deal of attention is paid to the ways states and national actors actively contribute to their own insertion in globalized markets where bioengineered living resources are increasingly tasked with solving the most pressing economic and social issues. We believe that this collection of works challenges scholars, intellectuals, policy-makers and relevant stakeholders to open up their views of biotechnology as a dynamic construct that interacts with local situations in a variety of ways. From a more distanced perspective, the aggregated findings of the contributors to this special issue suggest that the important tasks for scholarly work on bioeconomy today become (1) to observe and critically assess the de-localization and re-localization of the concept of bioeconomy in Latin America where biological resources have become increasingly strategic over the last decades; (2) to analyze the bioeconomy as a site of struggles among countries and/or social groups who articulate strategic visions as part of narrating activities. [less ▲]

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See detailThe “soy-ization” of Argentina: dynamics of the “globalized” privatization regime in a peripheral context
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Vasen, Federico; Vara, Ana Maria

in Technology in Society (2013), 35(2),

Based on extensive fieldwork conducted with actors from public, private and associative sectors, we explore the expansion of genetically modified soy in Argentina and we aim to figure out how the ... [more ▼]

Based on extensive fieldwork conducted with actors from public, private and associative sectors, we explore the expansion of genetically modified soy in Argentina and we aim to figure out how the neoliberal “globalized privatization regime” unfolded in a peripheral location. Our case points at two inherent contradictions with such a regime’s main tenets, namely that it needs a weak antitrust policy (thus leading to a market situation dominated by a monopoly of transnational companies) and a hyper-restrictive system of intellectual property. We highlight the participation of two groups of local actors in the regime. The first group is aligned with the globalized privatization regime agendas, while the second is involved in protest and regulatory actions focusing on the health, environment and safety issues related to the GM soy complex. To a different extent, both groups share a local agenda of resistance and an anti-imperialist imaginary. Both have national development objectives of Argentina in their ideological roots, although their conceptions of “development” are different (industrial development vs. protection of peasants’ life and the environment). We conclude that it is not enough to postulate that the neoliberal globalized privatization regime will just expand to the South as it did in Northern countries. Rather, combined with the commercialization of science, peripherality creates protest, activism and local regulation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe multifaceted struggle for power in the bioeconomy
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Hendrickx, Kim ULg

in Technology in Society (2013), 35(2),

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See detailBringing the normative content into participatory technology assessment
Lucivero, Federica; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg

Conference (2013, March 13)

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See detailMapping the interplay of policy paradigms and technology assessment in Flanders and Wallonia (Belgium)
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg et al

Conference (2013, March 13)

This paper empirically assesses how science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies in the regions of Flanders and Wallonia (Belgium) are affected by, and possibly transformed through, technology ... [more ▼]

This paper empirically assesses how science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies in the regions of Flanders and Wallonia (Belgium) are affected by, and possibly transformed through, technology assessment (TA). Broadly defined, TA encompasses activities and programs that seek to expand and deepen the knowledge base of contemporary knowledge-based economies (KBEs), typically by including new actors (e.g. trade unions), ideas (e.g. science in society), and rationales (e.g. participatory techniques) in STI processes. The paper thus seeks to render concrete how TA ideas and programs unfold with, and potentially steer, new articulations of knowledge, which are imperative to present-day STI processes. Drawing on TA case studies in the two regions, the paper illustrates how TA takes on various shapes and forms, including that of mediating instrument, policy-oriented decision-making tool linked to Parliament, and experimental-deliberative mechanism. It is argued that while these TA forms engender new kinds of knowledge and knowledge production, the extent to which TA discourses and practices are effectively taken up in STI is contingent upon how TA taps into, and aligns itself with, global and regional dynamics. The former comprise the convergence of technology research and innovation around the KBE and the advent of strategic science, with its emphasis on real-world problem solving (relevance) and basic research (excellence); the latter entail constitutional reforms that spurred the regionalization of STI policy in Belgium. Our analysis brings a macro-sociological and political sensitivity to bear on TA. Rather than conceiving of TA as a mere management tool or governance technique, we suggest that TA processes enact, as well as counteract, dominant innovation policies. How TA positions itself or is positioned in relation to these policies, is particularly relevant to consider in view of the Flemish Government’s recent decision to abolish its parliamentary TA institute and the Walloon Government’s intention of erecting one. [less ▲]

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See detailPratiques du Technology Assessment en Europe et perspectives pour la Wallonie
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

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See detailLo que los Sistemas Nacionales de Innovación no miran. Una crítica constructiva de las políticas de ciencia y tecnología a partir del ‘modelo de la soja transgénica’
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Vasen, Federico

in Tula Molina, Fernando; Vara, Ana Maria (Eds.) Riesgo, política y alternativas tecnológicas. Entre la regulación y la discusión pública (2013)

En todo el mundo, las políticas y planes estratégicos de ciencia, tecnología e innovación (CTI) integran y reproducen una narrativa de innovación para el desarrollo a través del crecimiento económico ... [more ▼]

En todo el mundo, las políticas y planes estratégicos de ciencia, tecnología e innovación (CTI) integran y reproducen una narrativa de innovación para el desarrollo a través del crecimiento económico, utilizando conceptos tales como “sistemas nacionales de innovación” (SNI) (Lundvall, 1992) o “sociedad del conocimiento” o “economía del conocimiento”. Incluso si este modelo de innovación no es ideal o no está adaptado a las realidades locales, ha sido propuesto una y otra vez por organismos internacionales de crédito como el Banco Mundial, el Fondo Monetario Internacional o Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo. La ecuación que está en el corazón de esta narrativa ha sido siempre la misma: fomentar la innovación (e invirtiendo para fortalecer su lugar en la economía nacional) llevará indefectiblemente a mayores beneficios económicos que en última instancia ayudarán a mejorar el nivel de bienestar social. De hecho, al minimo al nivel del discurso institucional, los sistemas nacionales de innovación existen (o hay promesas acerca de que van a existir) en todo lugar en que haya innovación. Volver real y eficiente el sistema se presenta como una precondición para la competitividad y el desarrollo futuro. En la realidad sin embargo, estos sistemas apenas existen en los mayores países en desarrollo, en función de las características del entramado institucional existente, las características de los actores locales, la falta de recursos materiales y simbólicos, los fuertes lazos de dependencia económica y las amplias desigualdades sociales. De modo central, y sin que exista necesariamente una reflexión acerca de si ese camino es el más indicado, tomar el camino de la “sociedad del conocimiento” seriamente, al establecer una estructura institucional para un sistema nacional de innovación, se transforma en el motor para el financiamiento de nuevas políticas públicas. Si la innovación finalmente tiene lugar, esto puede significar también que el poder ha sido desigualmente distribuido entre un número de actores que participaron, de una u otra forma, de un proceso sistémico complejo que pudo involucrar la extracción de recursos naturales, la investigación fundamental y aplicada, desarrollos industriales y márgenes de competitividad que llevaron a mayores beneficios. Este proceso pudo haber implicado la participación activa de los diferentes stakeholders, y la confrontación de diferentes líneas de argumentos, visiones económicas y prioridades socio-políticas. La mayoría del tiempo, cuando los países en desarrollo adoptan la narrativa de la “innovación para el desarrollo”, caen víctimas de un discurso dominante que está arraigado o relacionado con una estructura hegemónica (Radaelli, 2000), un patrón consistente que refleja la colonialidad del poder (Quijano, 2000). En un artículo reciente, Delvenne y Thoreau (2012) se ocupan del influyente y extendido enfoque de los Sistemas Nacionales de Innovación y discuten su adecuación a países que no son miembros de la OCDE, especialmente en América Latina donde tiende a ser reificado. A pesar de que el enfoque de los SNI supuestamente está pensado para abordar las necesidades más urgentes de las economías a las que se aplica, los autores señalan que se beneficiaría con el desarrollo de una visión más abarcativa, que permita integrar mayor diversidad y complejidad. En este capítulo, nos apoyaremos en primer término en su diagnóstico y lo articularemos con la historia del régimen de CTI en América Latina, con un foco especial en Argentina. En un segundo momento, a través de una visión general del caso de la soja transgénica y su importancia para la balanza de pagos de Argentina, exploramos la siguiente paradoja: mientras numerosos académicos señalan la necesidad de desarrollar una agenda de innovación para los países del sur, con un “marco sureño de pensamiento” (Arocena y Sutz, 2003), los planes nacionales de CTI y los desarrollos actuales en biotecnología siguen descansando en una versión reduccionista de la innovación que impide que esta “perspectiva sureña” pueda emerger, y los limita a metas económicas, considerando las aspectos sociales y ecológicos como meras externalidades. Nos proponemos explorar las razones detrás de esta situación y observamos que esto tiene un impacto en los actores que desean utilizar la CTI de modo más reflexivo, a la vez que también en la eficiencia de las políticas de CTI en Argentina. Nuestra intención no es la de criticar ciegamente la orientación de las políticas CTI hacia el crecimiento económico, sino más bien contribuir -a través de un excelente ejemplo de un sector central de la economía argentina- a introducir una perspectiva más crítica y abarcativa de estas políticas públicas. [less ▲]

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See detailCritiquer les méthodes participatives ou succomber au chant des Hespérides?
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Martin ULg

in Brunet, Sébastien; Claisse, Frédéric; Fallon, Catherine (Eds.) Les méthodes participatives à l'épreuve (2013)

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See detailUne politique publique de relance économique et ses impacts sur la transformation de l'administration publique: le Plan Marshall de la Région Wallonne comme incubateur
Brunet, Sébastien ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Vaessen, Alain ULg

in Joris, Geoffrey; Fallon, Catherine (Eds.) Formes et réformes des administrations publiques (2013)

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