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See detailFuture of Aging in Wallonia, Belgium: Lessons Learnt from a Cross-European Stakeholder Involvement Project
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Parotte, Céline ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg et al

Conference (2014, September 18)

In this paper we build on the achievements of a cross-European stakeholder involvement experience which aimed at providing both the national and the EU level with input for meeting the societal and ... [more ▼]

In this paper we build on the achievements of a cross-European stakeholder involvement experience which aimed at providing both the national and the EU level with input for meeting the societal and technological challenges and opportunities of an aging population by 2025. Six European countries/regions were engaged in three scenarios dealing differently with two main concerns: (1) Is it the public or private health care providers who are providing future elderly care? (2) How do the senior citizens and other groups in the society organise themselves in order to meet the needs for care? In our presentation, specific attention will be given to the data collected in Wallonia, Belgium, although data collected in other countries will be produced when relevant. Our methodology is threefold, combining input from a wide range of experts who made a technology overview describing available care technology and home-based telemedicine; an overview of policy measures related to telecare and home-based telemedicine; and a scenario workshop that engaged stakeholders (from the care and health sectors, the industry and public authorities) and allowed us to elaborate visions on the use of telecare in the ageing society along classical cornerstones of welfare systems. Such visions will be analyzed taking into account the current transformations of the Belgian federal State and the implications for the survival Belgian healthcare system will be drawn. Lastly, we will discuss important differences and similarities between European nation-states and offer concluding observation with regard to the relevance of methodological nationalism to address global challenges such as aging societies. [less ▲]

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See detailLe futur du vieillissement de la population en Wallonie. Rapport final de l’Atelier scénario du 2 avril 2014
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Parotte, Céline ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg

Report (2014)

Ce présent document qui s’inscrit dans le cadre du projet européen PACITA, traite de la problématique du vieillissement et de la technologie en Wallonie, Belgique. Il fait état des politiques nationales ... [more ▼]

Ce présent document qui s’inscrit dans le cadre du projet européen PACITA, traite de la problématique du vieillissement et de la technologie en Wallonie, Belgique. Il fait état des politiques nationales et pratiques régionales en la matière et présente les résultats issus de l’Atelier scénario organisé en avril dernier avec plusieurs parties prenantes (stakeholders) du secteur. Il fera l’objet d’une analyse comparative approfondie avec les autres pays membres participants. Les résultats finaux seront présentés aux représentants de la Commission européenne et plusieurs membres du Parlement européen le 25 novembre 2014 à Bruxelles [less ▲]

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See detailAuf dem Weg zu einer neuen institutionellen Technologiefolgenabschätzung. TA in der Wallonie
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg

in Decker, Michael; Bellucci, Sergio; Bröchler, Stephan (Eds.) et al Technilfolgenabschätzung im politischen System (2014, July)

Seit den offensiven Flämischen Technologie-Förderprogrammen in den achtziger Jahren, hat sich der technologische Graben zwischen dem Norden Belgiens und der von Deindustrialisierung stark betroffenen ... [more ▼]

Seit den offensiven Flämischen Technologie-Förderprogrammen in den achtziger Jahren, hat sich der technologische Graben zwischen dem Norden Belgiens und der von Deindustrialisierung stark betroffenen Wallonie weiter entwickelt. Hinzu kommt, dass Flandern im Jahre 2000 eine para-parlamentarische TA Institution eingeführt hat. Ein solches Unterfangen befand sich bis vor kurzem nicht auf der politischen Agenda der Wallonischen Entscheidungsträger. Zwischen 1994 und 2002 missglückte ein erstes TA Experiment, das sich sehr stark an das Baden-Württembergische Regional-TA Modell anlehnte. Zu diesem Zeitpunkt waren die Wallonischen Institutionen noch sehr jung und vor allem mit der Staatsreform befasst. Außerdem war das Interesse der traditionellen Sozialpartner (sprich Arbeitgeber- und Arbeitnehmerverbände) für TA nur bedingt vorhanden und der Bezug zur parlamentarischen Arbeit sehr begrenzt. Wir werden historisch nachverfolgen, wie es zu einer gemeinsamen Regierungserklärung des sozialistischen Ministers für Wirtschaft, Kleinunternehmen, Außenhandel und Neue Technologien sowie Hochschulwesen Jean-Claude Marcourt und des Grünen-Ministers für nachhaltige Entwicklung, öffentliche Ämter, Energie, Wohnungswesen und Forschung Jean-Marc Nollet kam, welche die Gründung eines Instituts für TA vorsieht. Diese ist teilweise zurückzuführen auf eine prospektive Aktionsforschung an der Universität Lüttich aus dem Jahr 2008 die ein weites Spektrum von Innovationsakteuren zu ihrer Haltung gegenüber institutionalisierter TA in der Wallonie befragt hat. Bei der Vorstellung dieser Studie, haben sich eine Reihe von Regionalabgeordneten für die Schaffung eines Instituts für TA ausgesprochen und wenig später eine parlamentarische Resolution verabschiedet. Wir werden auf die organisatorischen und programmatischen Aspekte, wie sie in den Regierungsplänen vorgesehen sind, eingehen. Die Originalität des Wallonischen Projekts ist u.a. der besondere Fokus auf wirtschaftliche Missionen. Mit dem ökonomischen Sektor als Adressaten soll u.a. die Wallonische Wirtschaft in strategischen Technologiebereichen unterstützt werden. Dabei wird viel Hoffnung in das Management von sozial-technologischen Kontroversen und in Wissenschaftskommunikation gesteckt. Neu ist auch der Ansatz, die Tradition der belgischen Sozialkonsultation auf gewisse Stakeholder-Gruppen auszuweiten und die Ambition partizipatorische Methoden zu nutzen, die im Wallonischen Kontext noch wenig verbreitet sind. Das aktuelle Projekt ist jedoch nicht frei von gegenwärtigen politischen Spannungen. Diese hängen sehr stark von parteipolitischen Ansichten sowie unterschiedlichen Positionen der zuständigen Ministerkabinette zur Staatsreform ab. Ferner gilt es auf die Eigenheiten eines solchen Instituts einzugehen und dessen formelle und informelle Adressaten sowie die Verbindung zu weiteren wissenschaftlichen, politischen und administrativen sowie zivilgesellschaftlichen Akteuren zu erläutern. Zuletzt werden wir auf die Besonderheiten der belgischen politischen Institutionen eingehen um besondere Risiken und Herausforderungen einer jungen TA Institution zu skizzieren. [less ▲]

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See detailTechnology Assessment and Science, Technology and Innovation Policy as Dancing Partners
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (2014, February 18)

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See detailQuand la biomédecine entre en politique
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2014)

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See detailScience and Technology as Sites of Struggle in New Political Economies: Insights from Latin American Bioeconomy
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2013, December 09)

Increasingly, science and technology (S&T) are used as key strategic resources to address the social and economic challenges of our time (Tyfield 2012). This paper is part of my broader research program ... [more ▼]

Increasingly, science and technology (S&T) are used as key strategic resources to address the social and economic challenges of our time (Tyfield 2012). This paper is part of my broader research program, which takes S&T as sites of struggle, where (geo)political and socio-economic issues interact, and studies them in three new political economies: bioeconomy, new manufacturing economy and smart security economy. It identifies two global dynamics that are at stake in the strategic construction and use of S&T: (1) proliferating varieties of neoliberalism (Harvey 2005, Mirowski and Plehwe 2009) and (2) shifting asymmetric dependency relations (Vernengo 2006, Metcalfe and Ramlogan 2008). My main goal is to analyze and understand developments in S&T domains as co-evolving with these two key global dynamics. For this paper, I will focus on one S&T site of struggles, biotechnologies/bioeconomy in Argentina, which will allow me to look at the reconfiguring of center-periphery relations and neoliberal enactments. Based on extensive fieldwork conducted with actors from public, private and associative sectors, I explore the expansion of genetically modified soy in Argentina and I aim to figure out how the neoliberal “globalized privatization regime” (Mirowski and Sent 2008) unfolded in a peripheral location. My case points at two inherent contradictions with such a regime’s main tenets, namely that it needs a weak antitrust policy and a hyper-restrictive system of intellectual property. I conclude that it is not enough to postulate that the neoliberal globalized privatization regime will just expand to the South as it did in Northern countries. Rather, combined with the commercialization of science, peripherality creates protest, activism and local regulation. Lastly, further implications for the theorization and circulation of bioeconomy (Birch and Tyfield 2013) beyond the “charmed circle” of OECD countries (Delvenne and Thoreau 2012) will be drawn. [less ▲]

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See detailThe co-production of genetically modified soy and Argentina
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (2013, December 05)

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See detailFlanders Ahead... Wallonia Behind (But Catching Up). The Identity Politics of Science, Technology, and Innovation in Belgium
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg et al

Conference (2013, October 18)

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are ... [more ▼]

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are received in one Flemish and one Francophone quality newspaper, this paper illustrates how Flanders and Wallonia both seek to become top-performing knowledge-based economies (KBEs). The paper discerns a number of discursive repertoires, such as “Catching up,” which policy actors draw on to legitimize or question the transformation of Flanders and Wallonia into KBEs. The “Catching up” repertoire places Flanders resolutely ahead of Wallonia in the global race towards knowledge, excellence, and growth, but suggests that Wallonia may, in due course, overtake Flanders as a top competitive region. Given the expectations and/or fears that “Catching up” evokes among Flemish and Walloon policy actors, the repertoire serves these actors as a flexible discursive resource to make sense of, and shape, their collective futures, and thus their identities. The primary aim of the paper is to underline the simultaneity of, and the interplay between, globalizing forces and particularizing tendencies, as Flanders and Wallonia develop with a global KBE in nation- or region-specific ways. [less ▲]

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See detailTechnology Assessment and neoliberal policies as dancing partners : critical insights in the new spirit of Technology Assessment
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2013, October 11)

In this paper we explore the tension surrounding two interrelated sets of science, technology and innovation (STI) policies that evolved together in Europe since the 1980s onward. On the one hand, we ... [more ▼]

In this paper we explore the tension surrounding two interrelated sets of science, technology and innovation (STI) policies that evolved together in Europe since the 1980s onward. On the one hand, we focus on the expanding process of neoliberal policies unconditionally supporting STI as strategic resources to generate growth and competitiveness. On the other hand, we link this process with policy decisions to institutionalize Technology Assessment processes and activities to frame and anticipate the potential side effects of STI in newly emerging strategic science regimes. TA and neoliberal STI policies coevolved as “dancing partners” (Rip 1992), relatively independent and closely interacting at the same time. We inquire into the experimental, transforming character of Technology Assessment (TA) by linking its emergence and development to the broader institutional setting of which it is a part. Our analysis brings a macro-sociological and political sensitivity to bear on TA. Rather than conceiving of TA as a mere management tool or governance technique, we suggest that TA processes enact, as well as counteract, dominant innovation policies. Conversely, we look at recent TA de-institutionalization processes in Flanders and Denmark to offer some reflections on the future of TA. Based on our previous researches and on participatory observation in a European FP7 project aimed at expanding TA institutions in Europe, we question TA’s ability to exert its critical capacities if it is to survive only as an instrument aligned with recent policy discourses, such as responsible research and innovation, that emerged in the aftermath of Lisbon’s strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailLe voyage politique du Technology Assessment
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (2013, October 05)

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See detailLe long chemin de la Wallonie
Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

in PACITA: Un regard européen sur TA-SWISS (2013)

La Région wallonne en Belgique s'efforce depuis des années de mettre en place une institution d'évaluation des choix technologiques. Son élan est ralenti, non pas par des doutes quant à l'utilité d ... [more ▼]

La Région wallonne en Belgique s'efforce depuis des années de mettre en place une institution d'évaluation des choix technologiques. Son élan est ralenti, non pas par des doutes quant à l'utilité d'une telle institution, mais par les réalités politiques régionales. [less ▲]

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See detailBiotechnology, Controversy, and Policy: Challenges of the Bioeconomy in Latin America
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Book published by Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science (2013)

This special issue explores cases from Latin American countries, studied in comparison to global trends in the arenas of public participation, scientific knowledge production, regulation and governance ... [more ▼]

This special issue explores cases from Latin American countries, studied in comparison to global trends in the arenas of public participation, scientific knowledge production, regulation and governance. The authors demonstrate the complexity of these cases, both in terms of regional differences and the different spaces of public, policy, and scientific knowledge production into which such innovations are inserted. The articles are based on rich empirical data collected in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Paraguay. Authors show that the top-down circulation of policy narratives on biotechnology is challenged, complemented and even partly undermined by local bottom-up dynamics. Conversely, articles also focus on those grassroots dynamics and the ways they are influenced and conditioned by macro-sociological and political economic factors. Lastly, a great deal of attention is paid to the ways states and national actors actively contribute to their own insertion in globalized markets where bioengineered living resources are increasingly tasked with solving the most pressing economic and social issues. We believe that this collection of works challenges scholars, intellectuals, policy-makers and relevant stakeholders to open up their views of biotechnology as a dynamic construct that interacts with local situations in a variety of ways. From a more distanced perspective, the aggregated findings of the contributors to this special issue suggest that the important tasks for scholarly work on bioeconomy today become (1) to observe and critically assess the de-localization and re-localization of the concept of bioeconomy in Latin America where biological resources have become increasingly strategic over the last decades; (2) to analyze the bioeconomy as a site of struggles among countries and/or social groups who articulate strategic visions as part of narrating activities. [less ▲]

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See detailThe “soy-ization” of Argentina: dynamics of the “globalized” privatization regime in a peripheral context
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Vasen, Federico; Vara, Ana Maria

in Technology in Society (2013), 35(2),

Based on extensive fieldwork conducted with actors from public, private and associative sectors, we explore the expansion of genetically modified soy in Argentina and we aim to figure out how the ... [more ▼]

Based on extensive fieldwork conducted with actors from public, private and associative sectors, we explore the expansion of genetically modified soy in Argentina and we aim to figure out how the neoliberal “globalized privatization regime” unfolded in a peripheral location. Our case points at two inherent contradictions with such a regime’s main tenets, namely that it needs a weak antitrust policy (thus leading to a market situation dominated by a monopoly of transnational companies) and a hyper-restrictive system of intellectual property. We highlight the participation of two groups of local actors in the regime. The first group is aligned with the globalized privatization regime agendas, while the second is involved in protest and regulatory actions focusing on the health, environment and safety issues related to the GM soy complex. To a different extent, both groups share a local agenda of resistance and an anti-imperialist imaginary. Both have national development objectives of Argentina in their ideological roots, although their conceptions of “development” are different (industrial development vs. protection of peasants’ life and the environment). We conclude that it is not enough to postulate that the neoliberal globalized privatization regime will just expand to the South as it did in Northern countries. Rather, combined with the commercialization of science, peripherality creates protest, activism and local regulation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe multifaceted struggle for power in the bioeconomy
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Hendrickx, Kim ULg

in Technology in Society (2013), 35(2),

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (10 ULg)
See detailBringing the normative content into participatory technology assessment
Lucivero, Federica; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg

Conference (2013, March 13)

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See detailMapping the interplay of policy paradigms and technology assessment in Flanders and Wallonia (Belgium)
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg et al

Conference (2013, March 13)

This paper empirically assesses how science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies in the regions of Flanders and Wallonia (Belgium) are affected by, and possibly transformed through, technology ... [more ▼]

This paper empirically assesses how science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies in the regions of Flanders and Wallonia (Belgium) are affected by, and possibly transformed through, technology assessment (TA). Broadly defined, TA encompasses activities and programs that seek to expand and deepen the knowledge base of contemporary knowledge-based economies (KBEs), typically by including new actors (e.g. trade unions), ideas (e.g. science in society), and rationales (e.g. participatory techniques) in STI processes. The paper thus seeks to render concrete how TA ideas and programs unfold with, and potentially steer, new articulations of knowledge, which are imperative to present-day STI processes. Drawing on TA case studies in the two regions, the paper illustrates how TA takes on various shapes and forms, including that of mediating instrument, policy-oriented decision-making tool linked to Parliament, and experimental-deliberative mechanism. It is argued that while these TA forms engender new kinds of knowledge and knowledge production, the extent to which TA discourses and practices are effectively taken up in STI is contingent upon how TA taps into, and aligns itself with, global and regional dynamics. The former comprise the convergence of technology research and innovation around the KBE and the advent of strategic science, with its emphasis on real-world problem solving (relevance) and basic research (excellence); the latter entail constitutional reforms that spurred the regionalization of STI policy in Belgium. Our analysis brings a macro-sociological and political sensitivity to bear on TA. Rather than conceiving of TA as a mere management tool or governance technique, we suggest that TA processes enact, as well as counteract, dominant innovation policies. How TA positions itself or is positioned in relation to these policies, is particularly relevant to consider in view of the Flemish Government’s recent decision to abolish its parliamentary TA institute and the Walloon Government’s intention of erecting one. [less ▲]

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